Surgical military action “inevitable”

Surgical military action “inevitable”

The head of the Anglican communion, the Archbishop of Canterbury,Rowan Williams, said surgical military action against terrorism “is inevitable” in Sri Lanka.

After a three day visit to the island he told journalists in Colombo that the military solution to the problems of the country “increasingly appears to be no solution”.

“It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call surgical military action against terrorism should take place”, the Archbishop said

Dr. Rowan Williams, said that he hoped and prayed that that would lead to a opening of communication between the government and the Tamil Tigers.

“But we all hope and pray that that will lead not to …victory for one, defeat for another, but to an opening of communication, a re-establishment of the possibilities for civil society to develop”, he said.

People insecure

Meanwhile, the American Assistant Secretary of State, Richard Boucher, says the United States is concerned about the deteriorating human rights situation in Sri Lanka.

Speaking at the end of a three day visit to the island, Mr Boucher said there was a lack of press freedom and people were worried about their security and were afraid of the abductions and the killings.

He pledged support for the government of Sri Lanka, but urged the government and opposition parties to share power with ethnic minority Tamils.

BBC  Sinhala Service – 10th May, 2007

May 07, 2007

To His Grace

The Most Reverend

Rt Hon Dr. Rowan Williams

Archbishop of Canterbury

Church House

Great Smith St

London SW1P 3NZ

Plea to visit Northern and Eastern Provinces  on your visit to Sri Lanka

Your Grace,

It has come to my attention that you will be visiting Colombo and Kurunegala in Sri Lanka this week to meet with religious and civil leaders.  I am disappointed to know  that your itinerary does not include  North and East , where as The Guardian recently noted “The civil war has made more than 200,000 people homeless in the past year, almost as many in the same period as in Darfur, which gets 10 times the international attention.”

The message of Jesus Christ is one of love and compassion towards all, especially the meek and oppressed. Rather than meeting out justice to the long suffering and historically oppressed Tamil people in Sri Lanka, President Rajapakse has been complicit in further victimizing and heaping death and destruction on Tamil people heads. The United Nations, U.S. State Department, NGOs including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have meticulously documented the gross and blatant human rights violations committed by the government. Suffice to say that last month alone 76 were killed and 57 abducted in the North. In all more than 4,000 people have died since November 2005.

It is in the face of this urgent humanitarian crisis we humbly request that you also visit the North and East of Sri Lanka to give strength and support to the helpless victims of this conflict. In your Easter sermon you have characterized the continuance of conflicts in this world as a result of “the terrible deadlocks of mutual hatred and suspicion.” This atmosphere of mutual suspicion has prevented world leaders such as Kofi Annan and Bill Clinton from going to tsunami devastated areas in the North and East of Sri Lanka despite it being the worst affected.

Today other political and religious leaders continue to only visit southern Sri Lanka and do not undertake efforts to visit the Tamil areas. For these reasons we kindly ask that you help initiate, as you have called, “the risky journey towards true reconciliation” by visiting and acknowledging the sufferings of citizens in the Northern and Eastern provinces of Sri Lanka.

 

Yours Sincerely,

 

 

V.Thangavelu
President


 

THAMIL CREATIVE WRITERS ORGANIZATION

May 14, 2007

To His Grace

The Most Reverend

Rt Hon Dr. Rowan Williams

Archbishop of Canterbury

Church House

Great Smith St

London SW1P 3NZ

 

         Surgical military action against terrorism “is inevitable” in Sri Lanka

Your Grace,

We write in continuation of our letter dated May 07, 2007 urging your Grace to visit North and East to witness first-hand the suffering of thousands of Thamil people languishing in camps and in open prisons. Apparently our appeal has fallen on deaf years. The only charitable explanation is that GoSL prevented you from visiting the North and East for “security reasons.”  The GoSL tried to resort to the same subterfuge with the visiting Assistant Secretary of US State Department Mr. Richard Boucher without success.

Be that as it may be, we are startled by your Grace statement as reported in the BBC (Sinhala Service)  that surgical military action against terrorism “is inevitable” in Sri Lanka.  Your Grace told journalists in Colombo after the conclusion of a 3 day visit that “It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call surgical military action against terrorism should take place.”

Even US, the world’s only super power, could not bomb Iraq or Afghanistan with any surgical precision with its arsenal of laser-guided smart bombs, Daisy cutters, Depleted uranium bombs, E-bombs, Moab bomb etc.  In Iraq and Afghanistan they have bombed and killed innocent civilians in their hundreds cynically describing the deaths as ‘collateral damage’ – a word coined to de-humanise life itself. Your reckless statement tantamount to endorsing surgical gas chambers used by the Nazis to kill Jews during WW11. Gas chambers did prove quite surgical at the hands of the Nazis!

As a spiritual leader your Grace should know the distinction between terrorism of the Al Qaeda variety and armed liberation struggle of the oppressed Thamils. This war is a defensive war forced on the Thamils by a racist and oppressive state. It is not terrorism but a battle for equality and basic democratic rights.

We are more amused than angry that a spiritual leader of the Anglican Church has used language that is the monopoly of   uniformed military commanders who are trained to kill others and not get killed themselves. To say the least your pronouncement is very unchristian from a respected Christian prelate who is expected to provide exemplary moral and spiritual leadership.  Your reckless and irresponsible statement has given a carte blanche license to the racist GoSL to escalate the war against the already battered and brutalised Thamil population. No wonder after your green light to Mahinda Rajapakse has promised more war!

We refuse to belief you have not been properly briefed by your advisors before your visit.  Suffice to state that since the beginning of December 2005, nearly 5000 Thamil civilians have been killed and 250,000 Thamil civilians made homeless by indiscriminate shelling and bombing of Thamil villages.  Last month alone 78 Thamil civilians were killed and 57 Thamils abducted in Jaffna by the armed forces and the paramilitary groups operating with them.  Two days ago Sri Lankan Kfir bombers (powered by General Electric J-79 engines made under license in Israel) dropped 20 bombs in Puthukkudieruppu. Yesterday the staff and students of Jaffna University received death threats in the form of “Final Warning” to those who are involved in “terrorist activities” – abetting and aiding the Liberation Tigers.

It looks though we have to appeal now direct to God by-passing his representative on earth!

 

Yours truly,

 

V.Thangavelu
President


 

Dear Mr Thanavelu

Thank you for your e-mail to the Archbishop of Canterbury to which I have been asked to reply as I accompanied him on and helped arrange his recent visit to Sri Lanka.  Your e-mail is one of a number that express concern about the various media reports that have used a reference to “surgical military strikes” made during a press conference in Colombo.

The context of the quote is as follows:

“The military solution to the problems of the country increasingly appear to be no solution. It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call ‘surgical’ military action against terrorism should take place but we all hope and pray that it will lead not to a desolation, to victory for one and defeat for another, but to an opening of communication, a re-establishment  of the possibility for civil societies to develop. Military victory is never an end in itself so long as it does not address underlying causes of tension.

“One of the difficulties is that when you are faced with rising levels of violence, of terrorist activity there are ways of responding to that which can themselves create future problems… there needs to be a strategy of engagement with voices outside the political process and draw them into a discussion which will guarantee them s sense that they believe that they gave a part and a voice.”

I have included below with this letter a copy of the text of a letter sent by the two diocesan bishops of the Church of Ceylon to the Editor of Tamil Net which I hope you will find addresses the concerns you raised.

Whilst in Sri Lanka the Archbishop spent much of his time meeting with activists, civil society and faith leaders – including a deputation of IDPs.  He repeatedly stated that he did not believe that a military solution to the current conflict was possible or moral and that all parties should be held to account for atrocities.  Having heard the voices of those personally affected he was able to make these points with conviction and in person to the President and members of his cabinet as well as the Leader of the Opposition.  During his meetings with political leaders in Colombo, as well as in his meetings with those from the North and East, the Archbishop expressed his concern that a “culture of impunity” had developed in which dissent was suppressed and those who were armed failed to respect the basic rights and dignity of civilians caught up in the conflict – a problem that appeared to be growing with the increased number of armed militias. The Archbishop urged all sides in the current conflict to build on the island’s religious heritage in which the different communities had lived in harmony and to combat the feelings of insecurity and alienation felt by Tamil citizens by pursuing policies that reinforced civil society institutions. Whilst acknowledging that government forces would react to attacks, he questioned whether such a military response was justified unless it had the clear aim of enhancing the possibility of dialogue between both sides. During his visit there seemed to be a widespread affirmation of the role that the church could play in promoting understanding between the various sides in the conflict as one of the institutions that incorporated all ethnic groups.

Thank you again for taking the trouble to contact the Archbishop.  Please be assured that he, and his staff here at Lambeth Palace, will continue to pray and work in Sri Lanka for a just peace that allows all the people of the island to fulfil their potential.

Yours sincerely
Revd Anthony Ball
The Archbishop of Canterbury’s Assistant Secretary for International, Ecumenical and Anglican Communion Affairs.

Following is the text of a letter sent to The Editor of Tamilnet:

We express our concern that the report titled “Archbishop accepts Colombo’s military action” conveys a misleading impression of the real stance of the Archbishop of Canterbury and what he stated at his media conference on Thursday 10 May 2007, at which we were both present.

Your report singles out a sentence from a statement he made without reference to the sentence that preceded it and the words that followed it. The Archbishop stated the following-

“The military solution to the problems of the country increasingly appear to be no solution. It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call “surgical” military action against terrorism should take place but we all hope and pray that it will lead not to desolation, victory for one and defeat for another, but to an opening of communication, a reestablishment of the possibility for civil societies to develop.”

Here, whilst acknowledging that government forces will react to attacks, the Archbishop is questioning whether such a military response was justified unless it had the clear aim of enhancing the possibility of dialogue amongst both sides. He then went on to stress the importance of addressing the underlying causes of tension and the need for a negotiated political solution to the island’s ethnic conflict. The Archbishop’s comments about military action were certain not an endorsement of but rather an observation on the present reality in Sri Lanka. The Archbishop’s views were consistent with his well known views on war which led him to critique the British Government’s intervention in Iraq.

The Archbishop’s position at the media conference, taken as a whole, made it clear that   he was opposed to any military solution to the island’s ethnic conflict and that he was very concerned about human rights violations, child conscription and the problems faced by internally displaced persons. He emphasized the need for engagement with those outside the political process. At no point at the media conference did he “accept Colombo’s military action,” or condone it. The Archbishop consistently maintained this position at meetings he had with a cross-section of political, religious and civil society leaders and groups that he met while in Sri Lanka, including the meetings with the President and the Leader of the Opposition.

We shall be grateful if you will please give adequate publicity to this statement of clarification, which will help to provide your readership with a more accurate description of the proceedings of the media conference as well as of the clear and consistent stance taken by the Archbishop of Canterbury. We trust that this clarification will also address the pain that the news report has caused many persons who read your report.

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Rt Rev Dr Rowan Williams,

Archbishop of Canterbury,

The Anglican Communion Office

St Andrew’s House

16 Tavistock Crescent

London W11 1AP

Your recent comments on Sri Lanka

Dear Archbishop,

I am a Sinhalese from the majority community, not a member of the brutalised Tamil community in Sri Lanka. I am an Anglican Christian whose father’s family were not only Christians but actually built Churches. I was educated in a British Christian missionary school, and later in Selwyn College, Cambridge – founded by Bishop Selwyn – where the emphasis is on theology, not medicine. In Sri Lanka, I have been invited to address the congregation in St Paul’s Church, Kandy, and in the University campus church in Peradeniya (Kandy). I write all this to stress my commitment to the Church.

I quit Sri Lanka some 30 years ago and who runs that country, whether it be Rajapakse or anyone else, is of no concern to me as long as it is run without bloodshed, chaos and the extensive violation of human rights of its people. My concerns are humanitarian – as should be yours.

I refer to your recent visit to that war-torn country. There have been doubts expressed as to whether you actually made the remarks attributed to you. Some of the Christian clergy in Sri Lanka (and other apologists) have claimed that the media deliberately misreported what you said and gave it a pro-government twist. That is arrant nonsense since I actually heard what you said, and have a recording of it. Those who doubt me can still get on to the BBC website, and hear that shocking interview.  (http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/index.shtml?focuswin). I will be publishing my recording of what you said in the next DVD I release. The world must know where the Christian Establishment atands.

This is what you said, 

“It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call surgical military action against terrorism should take place”.

Archbishop, are you implying that the Tamil and Muslim people in the North and East as ‘terrorists’, since they are the recipients of what you irresponsibly call “surgical military action”? Do you, as a human being, let alone a Church leader, think that this is “absolutely inevitable”, and do you really think it “should take place?” If you do, it is, to put it mildly, disgraceful.

You owe the Tamil and Muslim people in the North and East an unqualified apology. They are being brutalised by the Government of Sri Lanka (GOSL) and its Armed Forces, they do not need to be insulted too. They are sufficiently traumatised already. They are my people who happen to live in a different part of Sri Lanka, but are nonetheless also my people whom who have thought it fit to insult. I strongly object to this.

What your absolutely outrageous and inflammatory comments have done is to legitimise the brutality unleashed on the Tamil civilian population (many of them Christians), by the Sinhalese-dominated Government of Sri Lanka (GOSL) and its barbaric Armed Forces.

US lawyer Karen Parker, who is not even a Sri Lankan but whose commitment to the Tamil struggle against tyranny and oppression I am well aware of, has already put you straight on what is, and what is not, terrorism. I cannot add to, or improve on, what she has said.

There are numerous articles on the net written by me, and DVDs also produced by me (which are being delivered to your office), to document the atrocities committed by the Sinhalese State, especially after Mahinda Rajapakse became President. These include the targetted bombing of the Sencholai orphanage with some 400 Tamil children, the bombing and shelling of Christian churches in the North, the destruction of Christian Churches in the South, the mass slaughter of thousands of Tamil civilians, many of them members of the Christian community, the bombing of thousands of Tamil homes, businesses, schools with students inside, hospitals with patients inside, markets, and entire fishing villages. The World Food Program has just stated that there are more than 400,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and conflict-affected people are now in need of emergency food and relief assistance in the conflict-affected areas in the north and east.  In addition, more than 2,000 Hindu temples (Kovils) have been damaged or destroyed. This should be of concern to you in the “Interfaith role”, which is part of the mandate of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

This outrage on the Tamil civilians, their lives and their property, and concerns even about their very survival – is this what you flippantly describe as “inevitable”, “surgical military action”, which “should take place”. I regret having to say this, but you are getting into bed with one of the most brutal and murderous regimes ever to run Sri Lanka.

You make these irresponsible remarks at a time when the whole world has expressed serious concerns about the escalating human rights violations in Sri Lanka. These have been extensively documented by your own Nobel Laureate, Amnesty International, the US human rights group, Human Rights Watch, the UN Special Envoy Alan Rock, the International Commission of Jurists, and many other human rights groups.

You cannot be unaware that concerned parliamentarians in your own Parliament in Westminster have just formed a group, cutting across political boundaries, to see what they can do to achieve a just settlement to one of the longest and most destructive conflicts in South Asia. Why do you think the British Parliament has recently suspended some $3 million in debt-relief to the GOSL citing concerns about human rights abuses and the escalating military expenditure? I am glad that they do not think that what the GOSL is doing is “absolutely inevitable” and “surgical military action’” which “should take place”.

A press release states that prior to leaving London, you were briefed by a wide selection of people.  Either they did not know what they were talking about, or were picked because of their support for what the Government of Sri Lanka is doing to its Tamil people. In either case, it is a bad reflection on Lambeth Palace.

What your irresponsible comments have done are to :- 

  1. Encourage even greater violation of human rights of the Tamil civilian population by the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.
  1. Give invaluable support to Sinhalese ethno-religious chauvinists who are determined to make multi-ethnic, multireligious, multilingual and multicultural Sri Lanka into a Sinhala-Buddhist nation. Today, these extremist elements in Colombo are celebrating your comment – an indication of the damage that has been done by a flippant remark.
  1. Strengthen the stance of President Rajapakse and his brothers to establish a fascist dictatorship and embark on a genocidal massacre of the Tamils in the North and East. The photograph of Rajapakse greeting you has been circulated all over the world, enhancing his flagging international image and decreasing yours.
  1. Make Tamil civilians in the North and East, who are being brutalised by the current murderous regime, feel that their suffering is of no concern to you, and that what is being done to them is inevitable ‘surgical military action” which “should take place”..

Your highly damaging comments take no cognisance of the fact that

  1. The Armed Forces have bombed, shelled or damaged scores of Christian Churches in the North and East.2.
  2. Christian priests have been abducted and killed in the North and East.
  3. Hundreds of terrified civilians, who had taken refuge in several Churches, have been killed by bombs, shells and grenades being dropped on these Churches. Those taking refuge were not what you glibly call “terrorists”.
  4. Orphanages, refugee camps, entire villages, schools and hospitals in the Tamil areas have been bombed and shelled.
  5. Tamil civilians, by the hundred, in the North and East have been arbitrarily executed without charge or trial. Hundreds of others have ‘disappeared’, some of whose bodies, with evidence of extensive torture, have been recovered.
  6. Tamil members of Parliament have been executed. I refer in particular, to Joseph Pararajasingham MP for Batticaloa who was gunned down in Church in front of the Bishop of Trincomalee and Batticaloa on Christmas Day 2005.
  7. Tamil media people been harassed, arrested, detained without charge or trial, and some even murdered by Government Forces and Tamil paramilitaries working with them. Printing presses have been destroyed and equipment for printing blocked from reaching the Tamil area.
  8. Even Sinhalese journalists, peace activists, and members of civic society, who have questioned what is going on, have been locked up without charge or trial, and some have ‘disappeared’.
  9. Churches and Christian clergy in the Sinhalese South have been destroyed by Sinhalese hoodlums. In at least some of these incidents, Buddhist clergy have been involved. “Sri Lankan Christians” , a group of concerned Christians from a variety of ethnic traditions and diverse denominations, have extensive documentation on their website www.srilankanchristians.com.

Reading the Bible

On 16 April 2007, you talked for 45 minutes in Toronto, on the importance of reading the Bible. Could you quote me the Chapter and Verse in the Bible which supports “surgical military action”  under the circumstances that exist in Sri Lanka or, for that matter, any circumstance?

I would draw your attention to St Paul’s letter to the Colossians 3 V.12

 “Therefore as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly beloved, clothe yourselves with compassion”.

Archbishop, did you “clothe yourself with compassion”, for the Tamils who are also God’s people, when you made those inflammatory comments? Or are the Tamils the ‘people of another God’, and  who do not deserve compassion?

I take you to the Old Testament, and one of the Psalms of David, written at a time when men in authority were twisting justice.  I quote the New International version of the Bible:-

Psalm 58 v 1-2 “Do you rulers indeed speak justly? Do you judge uprightly among men?  No, in your heart you devise injustice, and your hands meet out violence on the earth.”

Psalm  58 v 6 “Break the teeth in their mouths, O God, ……..”.

58 v 7 “Let them vanish like water that flows away……..”

Contrary to what the Bible recommends, you chose to support Sri Lanka’s unjust rulers rather than the unjustly ruled. What you did by condoning State violence, masquerading as “defending the nation from terrorism”, is to support a ruthless regime that has not set any limits on the suffering of the Tamil people. This is how fascist dictatorships are established.

Archbishop, there is no great merit in reading the Bible, as you recommend, if you do not practise what you read.

Prayer  

You have repeatedly said that you hope and pray for the people of Sri Lanka. Of what good is prayer if you give your tacit approval to the GOSL and its Armed Forces in their military assault on the inhabitants of the North and East? It would have been better to pray less and do more to achieve peace, and this you cannot do by talking of, “surgical military action” and that it “should take place”. I hope that your prayers are not based on this type of thinking..

Avoiding the North-East

You did not go to Jaffna, Mannar in the North West or the East. Sir, this is where the major violation of human rights is occurring, where serious and repeated massacres are taking place, where thousands are being made refugees, and where people are ‘disappearing’ every day.   Did you even inquire about the massacres of the Tamil civilians and the bombing of entire Tamil villages in the Islands off Jaffna. Kfir jets dropped bombs on these people on January 2, 2007, slaughtering men, women and children, as they celebrated the New Year?  The entire population of these areas are Christians, your God’s children.

Did you ask Rajapakse what his so-called “Security Forces” were doing in Jaffna? There is no need to ‘secure” Jaffna. The Tamil are not going to run away with Jaffna. It has nothing to do with ‘Security’ but much to do with bullying, harassing and terrifying the Tamil people to force them to accept Sri Lanka as a Sinhala-Buddhist nation. Are you concerned? If you are, why did you not ask the President when he entertained you in his home?

In this happy gathering in the President’s home, I noted that standing a few feet from you was Douglas Devananda, the Leader of the Eelam People’s Democratic Party, currently a Cabinet Minister in Rajapakse’s Government. Archbishop, just to translate, “Eelam” stands for a Separate Tamil State.

Your meeting with him would have been a golden opportunity to have asked him about the numerous ‘disappearances’ in Jaffna.  You could have asked him to explain the Government’s Human Rights Commission Report that since Dec 2005, the Commission recorded 707 people ‘missing’ in Jaffna. Witnesses allege that the Security Forces and Minister Devanada’s own Party members were involved in the vast majority of cases. In just the past 3 months, 55 people have been abducted during curfew hours, when only the ‘Security Forces’ and their paramilitary ‘helpers’ are on the streets in Jaffna. I am sure Minister Devananda would have been able to explain these very worrying facts, and much more that goes on behind the closed or censored doors of Jaffna.

Archbishop, did you ask President Rajapakse or Minister Devananda who comes from the North, about the ethics of blocking the A9 Highway, the only land access to the Jaffna Peninsula, by the Armed Forces on 11 August 2006? There are some 600,000 Tamil civilians, 150,000 of them children, in the Peninsula facing starvation. Did you point out that this violates Article 55 and 56  of the 4th Geneva Convention which states that:

“An occupying power (eg the Sri Lankan Army), has the duty of ensuring adequate food and medical supplies and protecting public health in the area under occupation (Jaffna)”.

What are you going to do about the continuing starvation of these people, some of them Christian, others non-Christian, but, if you believe the Bible which you recommend be read, are all “God’s Children”?

Did you ask why it was necessary for some of the best agricultural lands in Jaffna to be declared “High Security Zones” inaccessible to civilians? I put it to you, Archbishop, that this has nothing to do with Security but has much to do with mass starvation and genocidal intent by the GOSL. Is this part of “surgical military action” which you say ”should take place”?

Did you ask about the total ban on fishing reintroduced off the Jaffna Peninsula by the Sri Lankan Navy? It was imposed on 11 August 2006 to cover the entire North and East coast, partially relaxed in the face of protests by humanitarian organisations and, unbelievably reintroduced as a total ban off the Jaffna Peninsula on 20 February 2007 by the Sri Lankan military. 7,375 people in LTTE controlled areas and 65,000 people in GOSL controlled areas, face severe economic difficulties. Whether they live in the Tamil Tiger controlled areas or Government-controlled areas, they are human beings facing starvation Does this concern you? Is it not further evidence of genocidal intent? 

Did you ask about the crisis in education in Jaffna and why some 10,200 children have dropped out of Jaffna schools in 2006 The Jaffna Secretariat Education Department  would have told you all about it if you had asked. They would also have provided the reasons :- 

  • Fear of abduction by Armed Forces and their presence of Army near schools.
  • Schools being bombed or being in Rajapakse’s extended ‘High Security’ zone
  • Lack of transport with curfews being imposed at the whim and fancy of the Armed Forces.
  • Economic reasons – the ban on fishing and agriculture making it necessary for  children to work to keep family alive.
  • The lack of accommodation because homes have been bombed and shelled, and the simple lack of food.

Does any of this worry the Anglican Church authorities in Colombo or in London? Or is it all part of “surgical military action”?

Your visit to Kurunegala

You held a service in the Anglican Church in Kurunegala. You might be interested to know that the former Bishop of this Church, the late Bishop Lakshman Wickremesinghe, one of the finest Christians, indeed human beings, that Sri Lanka has produced, said that the Sinhalese people had to apologise for what has been done to the Tamil people. I suggest you read his last Pastoral Address circulated a few months before his untimely death. I will be happy to send it to you.

Bishop Lakshman, who, like me, is a Sinhalese, was my role model. He must surely be turning in his grave to see you conduct a service in his beloved Church and then go on to make the sort of comments that you did. I am so glad that he is not on this planet, the trauma would surely have killed him, as did the 1983 massacre of Tamils in Colombo. He visited a refugee camp in Colombo and went ‘missing’. He was later found quietly crying in a room. That was the compassion of Bishop Lakshman, something which is seriously lacking today. When God made Bishop Lakshman, he must have thrown away the mould.

Meeting the Buddhist clergy

You saw the Mahanayake Thero of the Asgiriya Chapter (one of the leading Buddhist Monks). Did you ask him which Buddhist stanza asks the followers of one of the greatest teachers of peace the world has known, to block the roads in Colombo demanding a return to war, break up peace rallies and supervise the burning of Christian Churches in the South? (I have a list of the scores of churches destroyed).  My mother was a devout Buddhist.

Did you ask the Mahanayake Thero about Champika Ranawake, the Parliamentary representative of the Buddhist monk’s political party, the Jathika Hela Urumaya. Ranawake, the Minister of Environment and Natural Resources in President Rajapakse’s Government, advocates extra-judicial measures to deal with human rights groups, journalists and others who criticised the State’s militaristic aims? Pardon the language but these are his words, “Those bastards are traitors. We can’t do anything because of wild donkey freedom in this country. If those cannot be handled with existing laws, we know how to do it. If we can’t suppress those bastards with the law, we need to use any other ways and means.” to the (Sinhalese) Raavaya newspaper on February 18, 2007.

Did you raise this with the Mahanayake Thero or with President Rajapakse, and ask if anyone in the Buddhist hierarchy or the Government has condemned the Minister’s words and demanded a retraction?  

If some of  the the so-called Buddhist leaders and thousands of their followers, and a succession of ‘Buddhist’ political leaders (many of them converts from Christianity to politically expedient ‘Buddhism’, and others such as Rajapakse who claim to be devout Buddhists), were true Buddhists, the Tamils would not be asking for a Separate State, far less fighting for one. Archbishop, this is a complex problem which you simply cannot ‘pick up on the run’, or, as you put it to Reuters, “a passing visit”. You have to spend some time studying it and until you do, it is totally irresponsible to make the confused and inflammatory comments you have made.

Confused thinking

Your degree of confusion, manifest in conflicting statements made by you, beggars belief. To have the Head of 77 million people in a confused state is obviously a matter of concern. At the press conference on 9 May, 2007 in Colombo you said you were “aware that this is a time of great trial and suffering for the people of Sri Lanka.” You then went on to justify the Sri Lankan military assault which is the cause of the “great trial and suffering” as “inevitable” and that ”surgical military action should take place”. Archbishop, you cannot have it both ways.

You told the journalists that the Government’s military solution “increasingly appears to be no solution”. Then you go on to talk of the inevitability of military action and that this “should take place”. Archbishop, where exactly do you stand or do you not know? You cannot stand with a foot in each camp, or, should I say, backing opposing strategies.

You say “that that (the ‘surgical military action’) will lead ……. to an opening of communication, a re-establishment of the possibilities for civil society to develop”. Archbishop, what line of logic are you pursuing? How can “surgical military action” open up communication? How can uncivil behaviour by a Government enable civil society to develop? Are you aware that leading members of civil society who organised rallies for Peace and campaigned against war, are being threatened and even held in custody without charge or trial by the fascist regime which entertained you? Archbishop, you seem to be saying a lot of words without thinking about what they mean. It is a flow of words which sound impressive but is, in fact, complete nonsense. It is not only nonsense but dangerous nonsense.

You say that you were visiting Sri Lanka to learn something about the situation.  I suggest you spend some time watching the DVD that I have just released on the complex Sri Lanka ethnic conflict. I will have a copy delivered to your office. It might make you better informed and hopefully more cautious in talking about things about which you have no idea. The information you have, seems to have been literally picked up on the run from people with an agenda which has nothing to do with peace in Sri Lanka. In disinformation and frank lying, Sri Lanka is one of the world leaders. Regrettably, this includes some of the Church leaders with whom you say you work closely.

You say that you want to see how the Church (in Sri Lanka) is responding. Which church? The one in the Sinhalese South or the one in the Tamil North and East? The ones in the Tamil area are being decimated, along with its worshipers. The one in the South could not care less. I had to deliver an address in a Church in Melbourne on this very same subject. A summary of what I said was that the Christian Church in the Sinhalese South was more Sinhalese than Christian. Would you like to see my address and the justification for my statement?

A reflexive violent response

In a press release before leaving England for Sri Lanka, you said, “Sri Lanka is a place in which conflict and violence has become a reflexive response to political difficulty” .That is, to put it mildly, gross ignorance. The most cursory glance at Sri Lanka’s political history would have made you aware that Tamil political leaders had sat cross-legged in Gandhi style, non-violent protests for 21 years (from 1956 -1977) and had these non-violent protests crushed by Government-sponsored Sinhalese hoodlums, supported by the Police (95% Sinhalese) and later, the Army (99% Sinhalese).

The resort by the Tamil youths to an armed struggle was because of a failure of the non-violent process and negotiations with a succession of Sinhalese Governments to achieve anything. It was not violence as a ‘reflexive response’ as you claim it was. This is staggering ignorance and, coming as it does from someone who has the support structures that you have to get the necessary information, very disturbing.

My visit to London to apprise you of the situation in Sri Lanka

You may claim that you have not been aware of much of what I have alluded to. That is why I wrote to you in June 2006 (copy of letter attached). It was to apprise you of these atrocities that I put my medical practice on hold, took the 26hr flight from Brisbane to London to see the Head of my Church, you, the Archbishop of Canterbury. I was told that you were too busy! Here was an ex-parishioner of Westminster Abbey who had done a 52hr trip, asking for just 15mins to talk to his Church Leader and being told that he was too busy. Was that really too much to ask? If that is the score, then there should be two Archbishops – one to pray (and do whatever else Archbishops do), and the other to listen to the supplications of his people.

The Roman Catholic response  

I was concerned that the Pope decided to meet President Rajapakse on 20 April 2007. A Roman Catholic friend explained that the Vatican State had no option when the request came from a Head of State. I know it is a question you cannot answer, but if the request came from another Head of State, Robert Mugabe, would the Pope see him and touch his blood-stained hands? I doubt it.

Whatever my reservations, when the Pope did see (Buddhist) Mahinda Rajapakse and his (Roman Catholic) wife, who had presumably come to get the Pope’s blessings on the military assault on the Tamil people, the Vatican got it right.  Pope Benedict XVI received in audience the President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka for all of 20 minutes! He was then shown the door to the office of Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, the Vatican Cardinal Secretary of State, who presides over the Vatican Secretariat of State, the Holy See.

Conveying the concerns of the Pope, Cardinal Bertone reiterated to Rajapaksa, the need to respect human rights and resume the path of dialogue and negotiation as the “only way to put an end to the violence.”

The Holy See Press Office released a communiqué immediately after the meeting:

“In the course of the talks – and in the light of the current situation in Sri Lanka – the need was reiterated to respect human rights and resume the path of dialogue and negotiation as the only way to put an end to the violence that is bloodying the island. The Catholic Church, which offers a significant contribution to the life of the country, will intensify her delicate task of forming consciences with the sole ambition of favoring the common good, reconciliation and peace”.

There was none of this inflammatory nonsense of  “undoubtedly inevitable” ….”surgical military action” ……which “should take place”,  or even the word “terrorism” mentioned. Archbishop Rowan Williams, that is how it is done, and should be done, if the Church and its Head are to retain any credibility and respect. What happened in Rome was before you arrived in Sri Lanka. It should have been a shining example of responsible behaviour for a Church leader, in a situation where there is a crisis in human rights.

Just consider what a major effect there would have been on the barbaric regime in Sri Lanka if the Head of the Catholic Church and the Head of the Anglican Church said the same thing, instead of one advocating reconciliation and peace, and the other acquiescing a military assault.

There are several reasons for the defence. The Vatican is better informed, and listens to the concerns expressed by its clergy and flock, something which your Church should be doing. At least where Sri Lanka is concerned, the Vatican seems to be prepared to take a principled stance, rather than one determined by political expediency.

Political expediency is precisely what you did in October 2006 when you visited China and failed to confront the authorities on their abysmally poor record in religious freedoms. You cannot be unaware that China has jailed scores of Catholic priests and Tibetan Buddhist minks and nuns because of their loyalty to the Pope and to the Dalai Lama. You have now gone down the same path of political expediency  in Sri Lanka.

I strongly advise that you read the outstanding analysis of the Sri Lankan situation submitted to the Pope by Brad Adams, The Asia Director of Human Rights Watch, when he heard that Rajapakse was going to Rome. Tragically, this crucial document, written on 16 April 2007, was available before you left for Sri Lanka and should have been read by someone who claimed to be   “ …conscious that this is a time of great trial and suffering for the people of Sri Lanka,”  as you told Reuters Television in Colombo.

I suggest that even at this late stage you look at Brad Williams’ letter to the Pope, and write to President Rajapakse to tell him that your attention has been drawn to a letter from the Director of a internationally acclaimed human rights organisation, and that you wish to express your serious concerns about what the Rajapakse’s Government is doing to the Tamil people. That is, of course, if you have ‘concerns’.

A hypothetical question

Archbishop Williams, can I ask you a hypothetical question but one with practical implications. If Jesus Christ reappeared and visited Sri Lanka, where do you think He would go? I think He would head for the refugee camps in the North and East with more than 400,000 displaced people, to Mannar in the North West where His people have had many a slaughter, and the Islands off Jaffna which have had even more. He would probably have stayed there till all His people were safe, and able to live with equality, dignity and safety in a place they have a right to be in. That is Jesus Christ, my Lord and my God, That is what I believe, and that is my brand of Christianity.

The practical dimension

The practical dimension of this belief is why I decided to stand with my brutalised Sri Lankan Tamil people, and why I am seriously upset by your irresponsible and inflammatory remarks.

That is why in 1948, as 16 year old schoolboy, I organised a public protest in my school when my (Indian) Tamil people were made ‘non-people’. I was only applying what I had been taught in the “Religious Studies” class in the British Christian mission school I was educated. That is why, a quarter of a century later, in 1972, as the Senior Lecturer in Medicine and Physician in the Kandy hospital, I picked up these brutalise people who were dying on the streets of Kandy, having been hounded out of their miserable ‘coolie lines’ by Sinhalese hoodlums from my Government.

That is why in 1972, I challenged the congregation from the pulpit of the largest Anglican Church in Kandy, to take a stance on an unimaginable injustice done to people whose only crime was that they were born poor and into an uncaring environment. I told them that to come to Church, sing hymns and recite meaningless stanzas which they did not practice, was not what Christianity was all about.

If you do not know the story of this blot on Sri Lankan history, these (‘Indian’) Plantation Tamils are pathetically poor people,  descendents of a million Tamils brought by the British in the 1850s, from poverty-stricken (British) India, to do slave labor on British tea estates. They were off-loaded in Mannar, and forced by the (Christian) colonial master, to walk some 300 km, to the 6,000 ft mountains in central Ceylon, a third of them dying on the way from fatigue, malnutrition and malaria. They were then put into miserable “coolie lines” in the British tea plantations, where they were treated like slaves,

They are the people, my Indian Tamil people, who kept, and still keep, Sri Lanka afloat, but who were disenfranchised and de-citizenised in 1948 by my government, while the Governor General from your country looked on. Where was the Anglican Church when this political barbarism was occurring?

Do you see that praying, which you say is what you are doing for the people of Sri Lanka, is not sufficient. The Church has to act, which I doubt it has in any constructive way in Sri Lanka, in the past half century since Independence from Britain, and probably before.

“Interfaith role”

What is alarming is that you seem to be linking hands with the racist Buddhist clergy who have done, and continue to do, so much damage to Sri Lanka and are making it impossible for any Government since 1956 to deliver peace with justice. As I have said, my mother was a devout Buddhist and worshiped in the very temple in Kandy which you visited.

The game plan –  Getting it ‘terribly wrong’

Dr Sam Muthuveloe of Hope Outreach in your country, in a letter to his friend Canon Julian Reirdorp of Richmond Parish, Surrey, UK says, “… our Archbishop in Canterbury has got something terribly wrong”. I disagree with Dr Muthuveloe. I’d say that “there are none as blind as those who do not want to see.”

Archbishop, I have no idea what your game plan is. Whatever it is, it is highly damaging.

It is possible that it is a continuing attempt to perpetuate the brutal repression of the Tamil people which Britain has done for at least the past three decades by supplying weapons to the repressive Sinhala regime in Colombo.

It is possible that you are trying to deliver on the “interfaith role” part of your position as Archbishop, and trying to link hands with the Buddhist clergy, however abysmal their political and human rights record is, and has been.

It appears to me, and I suspect to the majority of the Tamil people both in and outside Sri Lanka (and I stress I am not a Tamil), that from the Tamil perspective, it matters little whether one wears a yellow robe or a white robe, the sentiments expressed by the wearer are the same.

Moral leadership

In what I can only describe as an amazing claim, you told a Reporter from  London’s Daily Mail, that society was missing the point in expecting the Church to be in the business of moral leadership. If to provide moral leadership is not the business of the Church, what is? I think this inability to provide moral leadership has been amply manifested by your inflammatory comments in Sri Lanka.  

Comic vicar

In an extraordinary interview with Alan Rusbridge, Editor of the Guardian , you said you had been called the “comic vicar to the nation”. The incredulous Rusbridge asked the question twice. “What vicar?’ You replied, “The comic vicar” .Ruxbridge re-checked, “The comic vicar?”

If Britain has a ‘comic vicar to the nation”, that is her problem. However, it is reasonable to ask the British nation to keep its ‘comic vicar’ rather than encourage travel all over the world to inflict damage which could cost hundreds of  lives of defenceless people, because of rash and irresponsible comments which can be, indeed have been, picked up and acted on by despots and despotic regimes.

Where I stand

I am the Patron of the Campaign for Truth and Justice founded in London last year. I enclose my letter to your Prime Minister Tony Blair, which was supported by a petition signed by some 3,000 people in your capital, and handed over to 10 Downing Street. I suggest that you read it. It sets out where I stand and why. It also summarises Britain’s responsibility in creating and perpetuating this mess.

At a personal level, as a Christian I am too committed to my faith to allow the irresponsible and inflammatory comments of the leader of my Church to get between me and my God. What you have succeeded in doing is to distance me from the Christian establishment.  You, Archbishop Rowan Williams, are the Spiritual Leader of some 77 million Anglican Christians in the world. You can review that figure downward to ‘77 million minus one’. Actually, two, since another Christian, the US Human rights lawyer, Karen Parker, writes, “So this is what the Church of England stands for? Remind me never to go there”. Be assured that many more will join us.

An apology and a retraction  

As I have said, an unqualified apology to the Tamil and Muslim people in the North and East is not an option but is mandatory, if you are to retain any credibility and, what is more important, if the Christian Church is not to suffer serious damage.

You can undo at least some of the damage that you have done by contacting the BBC Sinhala service, retracting what you have said, and asking that it be widely disseminated. You can do the same with the Church in Sri Lanka, some of whose members are now trying to mount an exercise in ‘cover-upism’ rather than tender an apology on your behalf.    

The fall-out

There will undoubtedly be a fall-out from your comments, as the brutal regime in Colombo, now with the tacit approval of the Head of the Christian Church, goes on an accelerated genocidal campaign to deliver the “undoubtedly inevitable” ….”surgical military action” ……which “should take place” . As the resultant bombs and rockets fall on a helpless people, they might modify what the dying Christ said, “Father forgive him, but he knew, or should have known, what he was doing”. 

I shed a tear for my Tamil and Muslim people who are mere KFir jet fodder to a ruthless regime backed by international players, which now includes my Anglican Church, whose agenda has nothing to do with peace or justice in Sri Lanka.

 

Yours faithfully.

 

Brian Senewiratne

Dear Mr Thanavelu

Thank you for your e-mail to the Archbishop of Canterbury to which I have been asked to reply as I accompanied him on and helped arrange his recent visit to Sri Lanka.  Your e-mail is one of a number that express concern about the various media reports that have used a reference to “surgical military strikes” made during a press conference in Colombo.

The context of the quote is as follows:

“The military solution to the problems of the country increasingly appear to be no solution. It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call ‘surgical’ military action against terrorism should take place but we all hope and pray that it will lead not to a desolation, to victory for one and defeat for another, but to an opening of communication, a re-establishment  of the possibility for civil societies to develop. Military victory is never an end in itself so long as it does not address underlying causes of tension.

“One of the difficulties is that when you are faced with rising levels of violence, of terrorist activity there are ways of responding to that which can themselves create future problems… there needs to be a strategy of engagement with voices outside the political process and draw them into a discussion which will guarantee them s sense that they believe that they gave a part and a voice.”

I have included below with this letter a copy of the text of a letter sent by the two diocesan bishops of the Church of Ceylon to the Editor of Tamil Net which I hope you will find addresses the concerns you raised.

Whilst in Sri Lanka the Archbishop spent much of his time meeting with activists, civil society and faith leaders – including a deputation of IDPs.  He repeatedly stated that he did not believe that a military solution to the current conflict was possible or moral and that all parties should be held to account for atrocities.  Having heard the voices of those personally affected he was able to make these points with conviction and in person to the President and members of his cabinet as well as the Leader of the Opposition.  During his meetings with political leaders in Colombo, as well as in his meetings with those from the North and East, the Archbishop expressed his concern that a “culture of impunity” had developed in which dissent was suppressed and those who were armed failed to respect the basic rights and dignity of civilians caught up in the conflict – a problem that appeared to be growing with the increased number of armed militias. The Archbishop urged all sides in the current conflict to build on the island’s religious heritage in which the different communities had lived in harmony and to combat the feelings of insecurity and alienation felt by Tamil citizens by pursuing policies that reinforced civil society institutions. Whilst acknowledging that government forces would react to attacks, he questioned whether such a military response was justified unless it had the clear aim of enhancing the possibility of dialogue between both sides. During his visit there seemed to be a widespread affirmation of the role that the church could play in promoting understanding between the various sides in the conflict as one of the institutions that incorporated all ethnic groups.

Thank you again for taking the trouble to contact the Archbishop.  Please be assured that he, and his staff here at Lambeth Palace, will continue to pray and work in Sri Lanka for a just peace that allows all the people of the island to fulfil their potential.

Yours sincerely

Revd Anthony Ball
The Archbishop of Canterbury’s Assistant Secretary for International, Ecumenical and Anglican Communion Affairs.

Following is the text of a letter sent to The Editor of Tamilnet:

We express our concern that the report titled “Archbishop accepts Colombo’s military action” conveys a misleading impression of the real stance of the Archbishop of Canterbury and what he stated at his media conference on Thursday 10 May 2007, at which we were both present.

Your report singles out a sentence from a statement he made without reference to the sentence that preceded it and the words that followed it. The Archbishop stated the following-

The military solution to the problems of the country increasingly appear to be no solution. It is undoubtedly inevitable that what you might call “surgical” military action against terrorism should take place but we all hope and pray that it will lead not to desolation, victory for one and defeat for another, but to an opening of communication, a reestablishment of the possibility for civil societies to develop.”

Here, whilst acknowledging that government forces will react to attacks, the Archbishop is questioning whether such a military response was justified unless it had the clear aim of enhancing the possibility of dialogue amongst both sides. He then went on to stress the importance of addressing the underlying causes of tension and the need for a negotiated political solution to the island’s ethnic conflict. The Archbishop’s comments about military action were certain not an endorsement of but rather an observation on the present reality in Sri Lanka. The Archbishop’s views were consistent with his well known views on war which led him to critique the British Government’s intervention in Iraq.

The Archbishop’s position at the media conference, taken as a whole, made it clear that   he was opposed to any military solution to the island’s ethnic conflict and that he was very concerned about human rights violations, child conscription and the problems faced by internally displaced persons. He emphasized the need for engagement with those outside the political process. At no point at the media conference did he “accept Colombo’s military action,” or condone it. The Archbishop consistently maintained this position at meetings he had with a cross-section of political, religious and civil society leaders and groups that he met while in Sri Lanka, including the meetings with the President and the Leader of the Opposition.

We shall be grateful if you will please give adequate publicity to this statement of clarification, which will help to provide your readership with a more accurate description of the proceedings of the media conference as well as of the clear and consistent stance taken by the Archbishop of Canterbury. We trust that this clarification will also address the pain that the news report has caused many persons who read your report.

TEL:   020 7898 1243
FAX:  020 7401 9886
confidentiality notice:
This message is intended solely for the addressee(s) in the first instance and may contain confidential information.  If you are not the intended recipient, please notify the sender, delete the message from your system immediately and do not disclose the contents to any other party.

Consider the environment. Please don’t print this e-mail unless you really need to.

Subject: It is a good and strong letter to the Archbishop, from Dr. Senewiratne:
Date: Mon, 21 May 2007 18:15:13 -0700

http://www.tamilnation.org/forum/brian/07021archbishop.htm

Dear Brian,

It is a good and strong letter to the Archbishop.

Well done and Thank you. I hope you wake up the Church of England when you
are there next week.

At least now you would realize what I have been saying about the blunders
of installing Rajapakse on the Sri Lankan throne, for the past
18 months. Hope you will be kind in your words to your role model
Lakshman’s nephew in the future. He is unfairly and falsely being abused by
his own Singhalese, because the GOSL fears that he could still upset those
who are sitting on pins on the throne. Like the bible says, blessed are
those that sit on pins, for they shall certainly rise. (Then get knocked
down from the throne as well). FYI Tamils have good advisers now and
receive better counseling.

Karuna was supported by President Chandrika, SLA, RAW, and then Prime
Minister Rajapakse in April 2004. Also take a look at the defense expenses
in 2002 and 2003, and what is the difference in 2006-2007. In 2008 it will
certainly exceed 2 Billion dollars. Tamil Nation has a detailed breakdown.

Jayantha Gnanakone.

Here is what I received from the Church in Colombo.

My dear Donald,

I saw your mail regarding the incidence and thoughtless remarks made by the
Archbishop. I do not know whether he was misquoted or not. But one thing
I can say is that the Archbishop degraded his position and himself by being
seated on the ground in the presence of the Mahanayakes who were seated in
their royal chairs. Then again the Archbishop bent in double and
worshipped the Mahanayakes. Why should he degrade himself and the Anglican
community worldwide? The Anglicans in Colombo headed by Bishop Chickera
will not do anything that will help the Tamils. Unfortunately Nesakumar
and another Anglican Pastor who is also a Johnian cannot help on account of
their positions, but committed to serve our people despite the dangers.

Thanks & Regards.

Please be guided accordingly.

Subject: The ‘Eleventh commandment’ from the Archbishop of Canterbury to the Sri Lankan Government

“Thou shall kill the Tamils”

As a Tamil Christian I am really disappointed with the statement by the Head of the Anglican Church Archbishop of

Canterbury Dr.Rowan Williams. “Thou shall not kill” “love thy neighbour” this is what the Christians believe in and not any form of violence. It seems to be different for the Archbishop as he has accepted the Colombo Government’s military solution to a Political problem. If this is the type of Christianity Dr.Williams and the Church of England are likely to preach, I am certainly not going to church on a Sunday in future.

It is time for the Tamil Christians in Australia and around the world to write to the Archbishop and their Vicars to let these so called Christian preachers know that we are disappointed with the Archbishop’s statement.

Patrick Ratnaraja
Grandson – First Bishop of Jaffna Diocese of Church of South India Rt.Rev.Dr.Sabapathy Kulandran

You can Write to:
Head of the Anglican Church Archbishop of Canterbury Dr.Rowan Williams.
The Anglican Communion Office
St Andrew’s House, 16 Tavistock Crescent, London, W11 1AP
Tel +44 20 7313 3900, Fax +44 20 7313 3999
email:

aco@anglicancommunion.org

Courtesy: UKTamilNews

 

http://www.tamilsydney.com/content/view/653/37/

About editor 1886 Articles
Writer and Journalist living in Canada since 1987. Tamil activist.

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