td;dpr; nryT (11)

,e;jf; nfhl;bYf;fh khjk; &gh 9>500 thil?

ef;fPud;

Mizf;FO ,d;ndhU iff; Fz;ilAk; tPrpaJ. mJ vd;dntd;why; rdhjpgjp gpNukjhrhTf;Nf Kd;dhs; mikr;rH yypj; mj;Jyj;Kjypia jPHj;Jf; fl;Ltjw;F mjpfgl;r cs;Nehf;fk; (strongest possible motive to eliminate Athulathmuthali )  ,Ue;jJ vd Mizf;FO jdJ mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;lJ. mj;Jyj;Kjypapd; nfhiy kpf El;gkhfj; jpl;lkplg;gl;L ghjhs cyfr; rz;baHfspd; cjtpAld; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ vd mwpf;if $wpaJ.

gpNukjhrh nfhiyAz;l NghJ mtuJ kfs; JyhQ;[yp n[anfhb mJ gw;wp tprhupf;f xU jdp Mizf;FO mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W rdhjpgjp tp[aJq;fhtplk; Nfl;bUe;jhH. gpd;dH rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh Ml;rpf;F te;jNghJ mtuplk; mNj Nfhupf;ifia Kd; itj;jhH. mg;NghJ mtH mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy ,e;j Mizf; FO %yk; gpNukjhrhtpd; ngaUf;F NrW G+rg;gLk; vd;w cz;ik.

Mizf;FO ,uFehjid rjp nra;J nfhiy nra;jhHfs; vd;W Fw;wr; rhl;by; 6 NgUf;F vjpuhf eltbf;if vLf;FkhW gupe;Jiu nra;jJ. mjpy;  6tJ ,lj;jpy; rpwpNrd $Nuapd; ngaH ,Ue;jJ!

rpwpNrd $Nu [hjpf;f tpKf;jp nguKdtpd; (N[tpgp) ,d;iwa jiytH Nrhktd;r mkurpq;fhtpw;F mtuJ jk;gp jpUkzk; nra;j Kiwapy; cwtpdH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

tp[atPu fhyj;jpy; nfhs;isabj;j njhd; fzf;fhd eifAk; Nfhbf;fzf;fhd gzKk; Nrhktd;r mkurpq;fhtpd; ifapy; rpf;fpanjd;Wk; mjpy; xU gFjp gzk; rpwpNrd $Nuapd; itg;gff; fzf;fpy; Nghlg;gl;lJ vd;Wk; xU fij mg;NghJ  mbgl;lJ. mjidf; rpwpNrd $Nu gykhf kWj;jpUe;jhH.

gpNukjhrhtpd; murpay; EisT nfhOk;G khefurig Clhfj;jhd; njhlq;fpaJ. jdJ 25 MtJ mfitapy; St.Sebastian tl;lhuj;jpy; Nghl;bapl;L nfhOk;G khefurigf;Fj; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;lhH. gpd;dH mjd; Jiz NkauhfTk; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH.

mjd; gpd;dH 1956 Mk; Mz;L ele;j nghJj; NjHjypy; nfhOk;G kj;jpa njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapl;Lj; Njhy;tp mile;jhH. Mdhy; 1965 khHr;R khjk; ele;j nghJj; NjHjypy; mNj nfhOk;G kj;jpa njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapl;L 3tJ eh.cWg;gpduhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH.

1965,y; If;fpa Njrpaf;fl;rp - jkpouRf; fl;rp ,uz;Lk; NrHe;j mikj;j  Njrpa murpy; cs;Suhl;rp mikr;rpd; ehlhSkd;w nrayhsuhf ll;yp Nrdehaf;fhtpdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;lhH.

gpNukjhrhtpd; murpay; njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; NjHjy; nryTfSf;F nfhOk;gpy; thzpfk; nra;j jkpoHfNs ngupJk; nghUSjtp nra;jhHfshk;. Fwpg;ghf fQ;rh nry;iyah> nghl;Nll;Nuh rz;Kfk; vd;w ,UtuJ ngaHfs; mbgLtJz;L.

1964,y; ele;j murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;f Mz;L khehl;by; nghJr; nrayhsH gjtpf;F kPz;Lk; Nghl;bapl jpU. ghyRg;gpukzpak; tpUk;gtpy;iy.

,e;jf; fhyg; gFjpapy; rq;fj;jpy; ,U mzpfs; cUntLj;jpUe;jd. xU mzp jkpo; mur CopaHfs; jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpdhy; ,oe;j cupikfis ntd;nwLg;gjw;F ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Ffis Kw;wpYk; ek;gp ,uhky; jPtpu murpay; Nghuhl;lk; %yk; ntd;nwLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W epidj;j jPtputhj mzp.  

kw;iwa mzp ,jw;F khwhd kpjthj epiyia vLj;jJ.

,e;j ,uz;L mzpapYk;  Nruhj %d;whtJ mzpAk; ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; mtHfsJ vz;zpf;if mjpfkhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

,jdhy; jiytH ePq;fyhf nghJr;nrayhsH> nghUshsH> nray;FO cWg;gpdH gjtpfSf;Ff; fLikahd Nghl;b epytpaJ. Kf;fpakhf nghJr; nrayhsH gjtpf;F fLikahd Nghl;b ,Ue;jJ. ehd; me;jg; gjtpf;Fj;jhd; Nghl;b ,l;Nld;.

xU ehlhSkd;wj; NjHjiy nty;Yk; mstpy; rq;f cWg;gpdHfspilNa gfy; ,uT vd;W ghuhky; MjuT jpul;lg;gl;lJ.

ehd; Neubahff; fsk; ,wq;fp MjuT jpul;ltpy;iy. ez;gHfNs mjidr; nra;jhHfs;.  

Kbtpy; ehd; 4 mjpfg;gbahd thf;Ffshy; ntw;wp ngw;Nwd;.  

jiytuhf jpU.nr.NfhB];tud; kPz;Lk; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH. mtUf;Fg; Nghl;bapUf;ftpy;iy.

jpU. ghyRg;gpukzpak; mikr;rupd; jdpr; nrayhsuhf ,Ue;j  fhyj;jpy; rl;lf; fy;Yhupapy; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. gpd;dH gl;lk; ngw;W ntspNawpdhH. filrpahf mur gzpapy; ,Ue;J Xa;T ngw;W aho;g;ghzj;jpy; njhopy; Gupe;jhH. mg;NghJ ehDk; aho;g;ghz khefu rigapy; gzp (1966-1972) gzpapy; ,Ue;Njd;.

jpU. ghyRg;gpukzpak; vOj;jhsH jpU. mk;gpifghfd; (mk;gp) cld;gpwg;G. goFtjw;F kpfTk; ,dpikahdtH. ehd; gbj;j mNj fy;Yhupapy;jhd; mtUk; gbj;jhH.

me;j ehl;fspy; (1965-66) ehd; cs;Suhl;rp mikr;rH jpUr;nry;tj;ij murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fj;jpd; nghJr; nrayhsH vd;w KiwapYk; jkpo; muRf; fl;rpapd; jPtpu Mjuthsd; vd;w KiwapYk; mbf;fb nrd;W re;jpg;gJ tof;fk;. mg;gbg; NghFk; NghJ cs;Suhl;rp mikr;rpd; ehlhSkd;w nrayhsuhf ,Ue;j gpNukjhrhtpd; miwiaj; jhz;bj;jhd; Nghf Ntz;Lk;.

mikr;rupd; jdpr; nrayhsuhf jpU.,.ghyRg;gpukzpak; ,Ue;jhH. ,tH murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fj;jpd; njhlf;ffhy cWg;gpdH. mjd; Kjy; nghJr; nrayhsUk; mtNujhd;.  

'ehd; vg;NghJ NghNtd; jhd; vg;NghJ te;J ,e;j ,Uf;ifapy; ,Uf;fyhk; vd gpNukjhrh fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH' vd ,uz;nlhU Kiw mikr;rH jpUr;nry;tk; fijNahL fijahf vdf;Fr; nrhd;dJ Qhgfj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

mikr;rH jpUr;nry;tk; nrhd;dJ NghyNt me;j ehs; kpf tpiutpy; te;jJ.

Njthug; ghly; ngw;w jpUf;NfhNzRtuj;ij Rw;wpAs;s gFjpia Gdpjg; gpuNjrkhf mwptpf;f cs;@uhl;rp mikr;rH vd;w Kiwapy; jpUr;nry;tk; xU Mizf; FOit epakpj;jhH. Mdhy; me;j eltbf;ifia gTj;j gpf;Ffs; fLikahf vjpHj;jhHfs;. Neupy; nrd;W gpujkH ll;yp Nrdehaf;fhtplk; Kiwapl;lhHfs;.

gpujkH clNd me;j Mizf; FOitf; fiyf;FkhW gzpj;jhH. mjd; cl;nghUisg; Gupe;J nfhz;l mikr;rH jpUr;nry;tk; jdJ gjtpia 1968 nrg;njk;gH 19 Mk; ehs; iffOtpdhH.   

mij mLj;J gpNukjhrh cs;Suhl;rp mikr;ruhfg; gjtp Vw;whH. mtuJ gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; fPupkiyf; Nfzpia jpUj;jpf; fl;b mjd; epidthf xU fy;iyAk; mq;F ehl;bapUe;jhH. mjid gpd;dH xUKiw mq;F NghdNghJ ghHj;Njd;.

1977 ,y; N[.MH. NjHjypy; mNkhf ntw;wp ngw;W mikr;rH mitapy; ,lk; ngWk; mikr;rHfsJ ngaHfis mwptpf;F Kd;dNu gpNukjhrh jhd;jhd; mLj;j gpujkH>  cs;Suhl;rp kw;Wk; Njrpa tPl;Lthupaj;Jiw mikr;rH vd;W mwptpj;J tpl;lhH. me;jsT nry;thf;F mtUf;F fl;rpf;Fs; ,Ue;jJ. Rpq;fsj;jpy; ey;y Ngr;Rtd;ik gilj;jtuhf tpsq;fpdhH.   

gpNukjhrh jdJ gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; vy;NyhiuAk; itf;fpw ,lj;jpy; itj;jpUe;jhH. mjpfhupfis kl;Lky;y mikr;rHfisAk; ,Uj;jp vOg;gpdhH. yypj; mj;Jyj;KjypAk; fhkpdp jprehaf;fhTk; gpujkH gpNukjhrhTf;f vjpuhfg; NghHf;nfhb Jhf;fpajw;F ,e;j rHthjpfhuKk;  xU fhuzk;.  

nfhOk;G kj;jpa njhFjp eh.cWg;gpdH vd;w Kiwapy; nfhOk;G efu tsHr;rpapy; gpNukjhrh mjpf mf;fiw fhl;bdhH. khefurigapd; tsq;fis mjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;j jtwtpy;iy.

gpNukjhrh epj;jpiu nfhs;Sk; Neuk; ntF FiwT. ,uT 11 kzpf;Fg; gLj;J fhiy 4 kzpf;Nf vOk;gp tpLthH. vOk;gpa ifNahL jdJ jfg;gdhH tPl;Lf;Fg; Ngha; fpzw;wpy; thspahy; ms;spf; Fspg;ghH. me;j ,uT Neuj;jpYk; mtuplk; kDf; nfhLf;f ngupa $l;lk; fhj;jpUf;Fk;.

nts;is ntNsH vd;w Ntl;b cLj;J Njrpa cilapy; vg;NghJk; gspr;nrd;W fhl;rp mspg;ghH. Mq;fpyj;jpy; spick and span (neat and clean) vd;W nrhy;thHfs;. fhiy 5 kzpf;nfy;yhk; nra;jpj; jhs;fisg; gbj;J Kbj;J tpLthH.

mjw;fg;Gwk; mikr;R mjpfhupfs;> Fwpg;ghf khefurig mjpfhupfSf;F fl;lisfs; njhiyNgrp %yk; gwf;Fk;.  ',d;d ,lj;jpy; tPjp Fz;Lk; FopAkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,d;d  ,lj;jpy; k;pd;rhuf; Fkpo; gOjile;J Ngha;tpl;lJ. ,d;d ,lj;jpy; jz;zPH Foha; cile;J tPzhfpwJ  mijnay;yhk; ,d;Nw rupnra;J tpl;L kW Ntiy ghUq;fs;' ,g;gbj;jhd; mtuJ fl;lisfs; mjpubahf ,Uf;Fk;.

gpNukjhrh fl;blq;fs; fl;lNth my;yJ tPLfs; fl;lNth KbT nra;jhy; mjw;Fupa nryTf;F mjpfhupfs; top fhz Ntz;Lk;. 'tuT nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; nryT xJf;fPL nra;atpy;iy' vd;w gjpiy gpNukjhrhTf;F nrhy;y KbahJ. gzk; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; gzj;ijf; fz;Lgpbg;gJ mjpfhupfsJ nghWg;G. mjidf; fr;rpjkhfr; nra;af; $batHfs; jkpoHfs; vd;gjpy; ahUf;Fk; fUj;J NtWghby;iy.

gpNukjhrh vs; Nfl;lhy; vz;nza; nfhLf;ff; $ba ,uz;L jkpoHfis nghWg;ghd ,lj;jpy; itj;jpUe;jhH. xUtH mikr;Rr; nrayhsH gh];fuypq;fk;. kw;wtH jpiwr;Nrup nrayhsH rz;Kfypq;fk;.

jkpo; mjpfhupfis ,g;gb itj;jpUg;gjpy; gy ed;ikfs; ,Ue;jd.

Xd;W Neufhyk; ghHf;fhky; Ntiy nra;thHfs;.

,uz;L ,uz;lfk; nra;a khl;lhHfs;.

%d;W ,ufrpaq;fis ntspapy; frpatpl khl;lhHfs;.  

,t;thW nfhOk;G thioj; Njhl;lj;jpy; (nfry;tj;ij) xU rhjhuz FLk;gj;jpy;> rhjp mLf;fpd; fPo; mLf;fpy; gpwe;j gpNukjhrh jdJ fLk; ciog;ghYk; tplh Kaw;rpahYk; ehl;bd; rdhjpgjpahf caHe;jhH. ,J xU mRu rhjid.

`tnyhf; tPjp topahfg; gazpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j ehq;fs; nts;stj;ijf;F jpUk;g Ntz;ba njUitf; Nfhl;il tpl;Ltpl;Nlhk;. ,jdhy; mLj;j re;jpapy; njw;Fg; gf;fkha; jpUk;gp  njfptis Clhfr; nrd;W  fhyp tPjpapy; kpje;Njhk;.

nts;stj;ij $l vdf;Fg; Gjpjhf ,Ue;jJ.  High Street vd;W miof;fg;gl;l W.A.rpy;th khtj;ij milahsk; njupahky; khwpapUe;jJ.

xUthW ney;rd; tPjpiaf; tprhupj;J fz;L gpbj;Njhk;. gliy cs;shNy G+l;b ,Ue;jJ. rj;jk; Nghl;L $g;gpl;lNghJ tPl;Lf;fhuH te;J jpwe;jhH. ehq;fs; ghHf;f Ntz;batuJ ngaiur; nrhd;dNghJ NeNu gpd; gf;fk; NghFk;gb ifiaf; fhl;bdhH.

mq;F Nghdhy; ehiye;J rpd;dr; rpd;d gpd;fl;blg;gFjpfs; (Annexes) fhzg;gl;ld. mtw;Ws; kUkf;fs; ,Ue;j gpd;fl;blj;Jf;Fs; Eise;j NghJ kdJf;Fs; ngupa Vkhw;wk;. ,e;jr; rpd;df; nfhl;bYf;fh khjk; &gh 9>500 thil nfhLf;fpwhHfs;? ek;gNt Kbatpy;iy.

khjk; &gh 9>500 f;F khspif ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; xU ruhrup tPl;by; MtJ ,Ug;ghHfs; vd;W vjpHghHj;Njd;.

tPl;bd; msTf;Nfw;wthW rpd;d Nrhgh> rpd;df; fjpiufs; thq;fpg; Nghl;bUe;jhHfs;. mjpy; xd;wpy; mkHe;J fz;fis Nehl;lk; tpl;lNghJ ,uz;nlhU fug;ghd; G+r;rpfs; jiuapy; RtH Xukhf FWf;Fk; neLf;Fkha; Xbf; nfhz;bUg;gJ njupe;jJ. (gazk; njhlUk;)    

 


td;dpr; nryT (12)

kiyapy; gr;irf; fk;gsq;fs;     

ef;fPud;

kUkf;fs; ,Utupy; xUtH gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. ,d;ndhUtH xU gs;spapy;; gbg;gpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. ,UtUk; fdlh nry;tjw;F tprhTf;F fhj;jpUe;jhHfs;.  Jizf;F mtHfsJ jha;khkd; mtHfNshL jq;fp ,Ue;jhH.

tprh ,d;Dk; tutpy;iyah? fNdba Jhjufk; vd;d nrhy;fpwJ? vd;W Nfl;Nld;.

,q;Nf fyhjud; thndhypapy; nrhy;tijj;jhd; mtHfSk; nrhd;dhHfs;.

'xt;nthU KiwAk; mJ gpio ,J gpio vd;W nrhy;yp jpUg;gp mDg;G tpLfpwhd;fs;. filrpahf te;j fbjj;jpy; ,uhkehjd; ikjpyp vd;W gpwg;G rhd;wpjopy; ,Uf;Fk; ngaiu ikjpyp ,uhkehjd; vd khw;wp mDg;Gk;gb Nfl;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

jkpoHfs; FLk;gg; ngaiu itj;Jf; nfhs;shjjhy; vOfpw rpf;fy; ,J. fdlhtpw;F murpay; milf;fyk; Nfhup te;jtHfSf;F ,e;jr; rpf;fy; njhlf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ.

ghuq;fis epug;Gk; NghJ 'cq;fSila family name vd;d? cq;fSila surname vd;d? cq;fSila first name vd;d vd;W Nfl;ghHfs;. gyiu ,J jpf;F Kf;fhl itj;JtpLk;.

cz;ikapy; family name (FLk;gg; ngaH) kw;Wk; surname    (filrpg; ngaH) ,uz;Lk; xd;Wjhd;.

fNdbaj; jkpoHfs; xd;wpy; jq;fsJ ngaiu my;yJ mtHfsJ mg;ghtpd; ngaiu FLk;gg; ngauhf itj;Js;shHfs;.  

,g;gb FLk;gg; ngaH thioab thioahf te;J nfhz;bUg;gJ kpfTk; ey;yJ. gy Ehw;whz;Lfs; nrd;whYk; me;jf; FLk;gj;jpd; nfhbia mwpe;J nfhs;s ,J gad;gLk;;. ,g;NghJ gyUf;F ghl;ld; ngaH njupAk;. mjw;F Nky; nfhg;ghl;ld; ngaH Nfl;lhy; tpopg;ghHfs;.

kiyahspfs; FLk;gg; ngaiuj;jhd; jq;fs; filrpg; ngauhf itj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. rpy fpwpj;Jt jkpoHfSk; mg;gbr; nra;fpwhHfs;. Nkw;Fyf ehLfspy; ,Jjhd; toik. Tpjptpyf;Ff; fpilahJ. 

,g;NghJ kUkf;fs; ,UtUk; jhNahL te;J NrHe;J tpl;lhHfs;. tprh nfhLg;gij Jupjg;gLj;jg;gl;ljw;F me;jj; njhFjp ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdH jiyaPL fhuzkhf ,Uf;fyhk;. ,e;j xd;wpy;jhd;> mJTk; jFe;j fhuzkpd;wp tprh nfhLg;gJ jhkjkhfpwJ vd;w epiyapy;jhd;> ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdH jiyapl;L mjid tpiuT gLj;jr; nrhy;yyhk;. kw;wg;gb mjpfhupfsJ flikapy; ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; jiyapLtij mtHfs; tpUk;Gtjpy;iy.

fNdba ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; jq;fs; njhFjpapy; mYtyfk; kw;Wk; cjtpahsHfis itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. mjw;Fupa nryit ika muR <L nra;fpd;wJ.

kj;jpa ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfSf;F toq;fg;gLk; rYiffs; khfhz ehlhSkd;w  kw;Wk; cs;Suhl;rp rig cWg;gpdHfSf;Fk; toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

vdJ njhFjp eh.cWg;gpdiu nghJg; gzp njhlHghf gy jlit re;jpj;Jg; NgfpapUf;fpNwd;. Mdhy; khfhz ehlhSkd;w  cWg;gpdiu xU juk; jd;Dk; re;jpf;ftpy;iy. mjw;fhd mtrpak; votpy;iy.

NjHjy; Neuj;jpy; $l thf;fhsH tPl;Lf; fjTfis ,tHfs; jl;Ltjpy;iy. mtHfsJ MjuthsHfs;  kl;Lk; fjitj; jl;lhky; thrypy; Jz;Lg; gpuRuq;fisg; Nghl;Ltpl;Lg; Ngha;tpLthHfs;.

khefu rig cWg;gpdH fij rw;W tpj;jpahrkhdJ.  xU khefu tl;lhuk; xU  ehlhSkd;wj; njhFjpapy; rup ghjp. ,jdhy; khefu rig Ntl;ghsHfs; kl;Lk; thf;Fr; Nrfupf;f tPL tPlhfg; NghfpwhHfs;.

,g;NghJ kzp fhiy xd;gJ. ml;lDf;Fg; Gwg;gl;L tpl;Nlhk;. Mdhy; fhyp tPjpapy; tz;b mq;Fyk; mq;Fykhf efHe;J nfhz;bUe;jJ. gs;spf; $lg; gps;isfs; rhiu rhiuahf tPjpfspd; FWf;Nf ele;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

Koj;Jf;F Kok; Nghf;Ftuj;J fhty;JiwapdH epd;whYk; fhy;eilf; flitia ve;j tz;bNahl;bAk; kjpj;jhfj; njupatpy;iy. tz;bfSk; efHe;J nfhz;bUe;jd. fhy;eilf;fhuUk; efHe;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

Ng&e;ij my;yJ jdpahH rpw;Whe;ijg; gpbg;gtHfs; ePz;l tupirapy; fhj;jpUe;jhHfs;. Mdhy; tz;b te;jJk; tupirapy; epd;wtHfs; tupiriaf; Fog;gpf; nfhz;L Kz;b mbj;J VwpdhHfs;.

nta;apy; NtW nfhSj;jpajhy; cly; NtHj;jJ. nts;stj;ijapy; ,Ue;J Nfhl;il tu fpl;lj;jl;l xd;wiu kzpj;jpahyq;fs; vLj;jd!

vkJ rhujp tz;bia kpf Ntfkhf Xl;bf; nfhz;L NghdhH. nfhOk;G- ml;ld; neLQ;rhiyap;d; njhlf;fk; fsdp Mw;Nwhukhf mike;jpUf;fpwJ. rLjp rLjpahf gpNwf; gpbg;ghH. tz;bapd; Xl;LeUk; nrhe;jf;fhuUk; xUtNu! vdNt ehd; mijg;gw;wpf; ftiyg; gltpy;iy.

neLQ;rhiyapd; ,U kUq;fpYk; ey;y ey;y tPLfs;. vy;yh tPLfspYk; thio> njd;id> gyh> <ug;gyh  kuq;fisf; fhzyhk;. Mz;Lf;F ,UKiw fha;f;Fk; <ug;gyh vspa rpq;fs kf;fspd; czT. mjid mtpj;J fl;ilr; rk;gNyhL rhg;gpLthHfs;.  my;yJ fwp fha;r;RfpwhHfs;.

<ug;gyh tlfpof;F ntl;gjg;gj;jpy; cz;lhtjpy;iy. ntF mUikahfj;jhd; rpy tPLfspy; fhzg;gLfpwJ. kpfTk; gaDs;s ,e;j kuj;ij nra;if nra;a KbAnkd;why; mjidf; fl;lhak; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

Njd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpapy; kio fpl;lj;jl;l Mz;L KOJk; nga;fpwJ. njd;Nkw;Fg; gUtf; fhw;Wf; fhyj;jpy;jhd; mjpf kio nga;fpwJ.

,UkUq;Fk; tay; ntspfs;. njhlHe;J ePz;l Jhuj;Jf;F ,ug;gH Njhl;lq;fs;. xU ,ug;gH Njhl;lj;ijf; flf;f rpy rkak; 15 epkplq;fs; vLf;fpwJ.

Kd;dH vy;yhk; ,ug;gH kuj;jpy; ,Ue;J topAk; ghiy Njq;fha;r; rpul;ilfspy; thuk; xU Kiw Nrfupg;ghHfs;. ,g;NghJ gpsh];;bf; ghj;jpuq;fisg; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;.

njd;dpyq;ifapy; rpul;il gpsh];jpf;fh khwpaJ Nghd;W aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;by; fs;S Kl;bfs; gpsh];jpf; Nghj;jy;fshf khwptpl;ld!  

,ug;gH kuj;jpd; mbapy; xU ntl;Lg; Nghl;lhy; mjpypUe;J ghy; frpaj; njhlq;Fk;. me;jg; ghy; kuj;ijr; Rw;wp fl;bAs;s ghj;jpuj;jpy; tpOk;. gpd;dH mtw;iw thspfspy; Cw;wp njhopw;rhiyf;F vLj;Jr; nry;fpwhHfs;.

rkntspapy; Xba tz;b ,g;NghJ tisthd rhiyapy; XbaJ. nfhOk;gpy; ,Ue;J ml;ld; 70 iky; Jhuk; NeH fpof;Nf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,e;jj; Jhuj;ijf; thdpy; flf;f ruhrup 3 kzpj;jpahyk; vLf;fpwJ. njhlHtz;b mijg; Nghy; ,d;ndhU klq;F Neuj;ij vLf;Fk;.

thd; $yp ,UtopAk; &gh 3>000. gUthapy;iy. fNdba ehzaj;jpy; RkhH 42 nlhyH.

fle;j 6 khjq;fspy; ,yq;if &ghapd; ngWkjp 6 tpOf;fhL tPo;r;rp fz;Ls;sJ. xU mnkupf;f nlhyiu &gh 97 gbjhd; fhg;gfj;jpy; khw;wpNdhk;.  fpspnehr;rpapy; kl;Lk; &gh 99 gb khw;wpj; je;jhHfs;. ,g;NghJ mNj nlhyupd; ngWkjp &gh 104!

topapy; fhiy czTf;fhf tz;bia epWj;jpNdhk;. mJ rpq;fstH elj;Jk;  x U ruhrup cztfk;.

,bag;gk;> nts;isag;gk;> ghz; vy;yhk; itj;jpUe;jhHfs;. ehd; rhg;gpLfpw kdg;Nghf;fpy; ,y;iy. ,Uf;fpw Nkir fjpiu mtw;wpd; epwk;> gupkhWfpw CopaHfspd; cil> Njhw;wk; kdJf;F jpUg;jpahf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. NjePH kl;Lk;  Fbj;Njd;. kw;wtHfs; jq;fs; jq;fSf;Fg; gpbj;j czitf; Nfl;L thq;fpr; rhg;gpl;lhHfs;.

fhR nfhLf;fpw ,lj;jpy; xU CopaH mg;NghJjhd; ngl;bia cilj;J mg;gps; goq;fis fz;zhb mYkhupf;Fs; mLf;fpf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jhH. mT];jpNuypahtpy; ,Ue;J ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l McIntosh tif mg;gps; goq;fs;. vd;d tpiy vd;W vdf;Fj; njupe;j rpq;fsj;jpy; Nfl;Nld;. xd;W &gh 15 vd;W kWnkhop te;jJ. gUthapy;iyNa gj;J gok; jUkhW Nfl;Nld;.

tpkhd epiyaj;jpy; khw;wpa ,yq;if gzj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,uz;L EhW &gh jhs;fisf; fz;L gpbj;J nkhj;jkhf &gh 200; nfhLj;Njhk;. ehq;fs; gzj;ij ifahz;l tpjk; mijf; fzf;nfLj;j tpjk; ,uz;ilAk; itj;J ehq;fs; ntspA+H vd;W fhrhsH fz;L gpbj;J tpl;lhH. mJ mtuJ rpupg;gpy; ,Ue;J njupe;jJ.

ehd; ,e;jg; gaz fhyk; KOJk; ,yq;if ehzaj;ijf; ifahy; njhlNt ,y;iy. me;jsT Jhuk; mit gpa;e;J iee;J mOf;Nfwpf; fhzg;gl;ld.  mjw;F xU fhuzk; mr;rbj;j &gha; jhs;fspd; juk;. mtw;iwf; ifahz;lhy; fl;lhak; rhg;gpLKd; Nrhg; Nghl;Lf; iffisf; fOt Ntz;Lk;.

Vd; ,t;tsT mOf;fhd jhs;fis Gof;fj;jpy; tpLfpwhHfs; vd;W KZKZj;Njd;.

fhirg; gw;wp mg;gbg; Ngrf; $lhJ mJ nry;tk; vd;W JiztpahH fbe;J nfhz;lhH.

tPLfspy; tpsf;Nfw;wpa gpwF gzf; nfhLg;gdit ahUk; itj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. fhuzk; rPNjtp tPl;il tpl;Lg; Ngha;tpLk; vd;w gak;. ,e;jg; gak; ,g;NghJk; ,Uf;fpwjh njupatpy;iy.

tz;b ,g;NghJ tise;J tise;J cau caug; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUe;jJ. fpl;lj;jl;l fly; kl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J 2>200 mb cauk;. ntg;gk; Fiwe;J rhilahd FspH fhw;W tPrpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ.

Ig;gJ EhW ahUf;F xU Kiw tyk; ,lk; vd;W tz;b 90 ghif Nfhzq;fspy; jpUk;gpaJ. Jhuj;jpy; tz;bfs; tUtJ njupe;jd. Mdhy; ,ilapy; tUk;NghJ mit njuptjpy;iy. rLjpahf Kd;Df;F tUk;.

ghijapd; xU gf;fj;jpy; kiy. kW gf;fj;jpy; gs;sj;jhf;F. ,q;Nfjhd; Njapiyj; Njhl;lq;fs; gr;irf; fk;gsk; tpupj;jhy; Nghy; fhl;rp mspj;jd. me;jj; Njhl;lq;fspd; moF> xOq;F> NeHj;jp nrhy;yp khshJ.

kpfTk; nrq;Fj;jhd ,lq;fspy; $l;lk; $l;lkhf ngz;fs; epd;W nfhz;L kpfTk; ,yhtfkhf Njapiyf; nfhOe;ijg; gwpj;J $ilapy; epug;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,yq;ifg; nghUshjhuj;jpd; KJnfYk;G ,e;j kiyafj; njhopyhsHfs;jhd;. Njapiyj; Njhl;lq;fs; fz;Zf;Ff; FspHr;rpahf ,Ue;jJ.

,g;gbahd ghijapy; tz;b Xl;Ltjw;F jdpj; jpwik Ntz;Lk;. nfhQ;rk; tz;b ghijia tpl;L tpyfp Filrha;e;jhy; Mapuk; mbf;Ff; fPNo Ngha; tpOe;J tpLk;. mg;Gwk; Ml;fisg; $l;b ms;s Ntz;b ,Uf;Fk;.

kpf mUikahfj;jhd; mg;gbahd tpgj;Jf;fs; Vw;gLtjhf Xl;LeH nrhd;dhH. mJ kdJf;F nfhQ;rk; MWjyhf ,Ue;jJ.

ghij Xuj;jpy; rpy ,lq;fspy; ngupa fw;ghiwfis njhopyhsHfs; cilj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,e;j fUq;fw;fisf; nfhz;Ljhd; ,e;jg; gFjpfspy; tPLfs; fl;blq;fs; fl;lg;gLfpd;wd.

tz;b jhWkhwhf tise;J tise;J Ntfkhfg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUe;jJ. the;jp tUtJ Nghy; ,Ue;jJ! (gazk; njhlUk;)     

 


  

td;dpr; nryT (13)

kiyafj;jpy; ,yq;ifj; njhopyhsH fofk;     

tz;b xU Xuj;jpy; epWj;jg;gl;lJ.  ehd; ,wq;fp ,uz;nlhU juk; the;jp vLj;Njd;. mjd; gpd; Rfkhf ,Ue;jJ. rpW tajpy; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ the;jp vLg;gJ vdf;F tof;fkhf ,Ue;jJ.

xU Kiw eapdhjPTf;F Njhzpapy; nrd;w NghJ ,UgJ Kg;gJ juk; the;jp vLj;Njd;. Ng&e;jpy; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJk; the;jp vLj;jpUf;fpNwd;. rptndhspghj kiyia Vwpg; ghHj;Jtpl;L jpUk;gp Ng&e;jpy; te;jNghJ the;jp vLj;j Qhgfk; ,d;Dk; ,Uf;fpwJ. tpkhdg; gazj;jpd; NghJk; ,uz;nlhU Kiw the;jp vLj;jpUf;fpNwd;. gazk; nra;tJ gofpg; Ngha;tpl;l gpd;dH the;jp vLg;gJ epd;Wtpl;lJ. ePz;l ,ilntspf;Fg; gpd;dH kPz;Lk; ,d;W ..................

the;jp vjdhy; tUfpwJ? the;jp Vw;gLtjw;F ntt;NtW fhuzk; ,Uf;fpwJ. tpkhdk;> fg;gy;> Ng&e;J Nghd;wtw;wpy; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ the;jp vLg;gjw;F mirT my;yJ ,af;fk;jhd; (motion) fhuzk;. mirT fhuzkhf rkepiy (balance) kw;Wk; eLepiy (equilibrium) gw;wpa czHT khw;wk; milfpwJ. ,e;j czHT %isf;F cly; ve;jg; gf;fk; ,Uf;fpwJ. ve;j jpirg; gf;fk; mirfpwJ> mJ Roy;fpwjh my;yJ xNu ,lj;jpy; epw;fpwjh vd;gijr; nrhy;fpwJ.

vq;fsJ ika euk;G kz;lyNk (central nervous system) clk;gpd; rkepiyia fl;Lg;ghl;by; itj;jpUf;fpwJ. mjpy; cl;fhJfs;> fz;fs;> clw;Njhy; kw;Wk; jirehHfs; rk;ge;jg;gl;Ls;sd.

ika euk;G kz;lyk; ,e;j cWg;Gf;fsplk; ,Ue;J xd;Wf;F xd;W Kuzhd nra;jpfis cs;thq;Fk;NghJ Fkl;ly; my;yJ the;jp Vw;gLfpwJ.

vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf ePq;fs; gazk; nra;Ak; tpkhdk; xU GaYf;F Clhfr; nry;Yk; NghJ mg;gbAk; ,g;gbAk; MLfpwJ. Mdhy; ,jid cq;fs; fz;fs; ghHg;gjpy;iy. fhuzk; ePq;fs; tpkhdj;jpd; eLtpy; cl;fhHe;J ,Uf;fpwPHfs;. ,jdhy; cq;fs; %isf;F fpilf;Fk; kw;wr; nra;jpfSk; ,e;jr; nra;jpAk; xd;whf ,Ug;gjpy;iy. ,jdhy; cq;fSf;F Fkl;ly; Vw;gLfpwJ.

,d;ndhU vLj;Jf;fhl;L. xU tz;bapd; gpd;dhy; cl;fhHe;J xU Gj;jfk; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwPHfs; vd;W itj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;. mg;NghJ cq;fs; cl;fhJfs; kw;Wk; clw;Njhy; gazj;jpd; mirit %isf;F mDg;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. Mdhy; cq;fs; fz; Gj;jfj;jpd; gf;fq;fisg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; cq;fSf;F Fkl;ly; Vw;glf; $Lk;.

CHjpfspy; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ Kd; ,Uf;ifapy; ,Uq;fs;. tPjpiag; ghHf;fhJ Jhuj;Jf; fhl;rpfisg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.  tpkhdj;jpy; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ ad;dy; Xukhf ,Uf;Fk; ,Uf;iffspy; mkHe;J gazk; nra;Aq;fs;.

gyUf;F gazj;jpd;NghJ the;jp Fkl;ly; tUtjpy;iy. mJ mtHfsJ clk;Gthrp NghYk;.

ehd; the;jpnaLj;jJ rHkpshtpw;F ngupa ftiy. 'ngupag;gh ghtk;' vd;W ngupa jha;f;Fr; nrhd;dhuhk;. gfpb vd;dntd;why; mtUf;Fk; ,e;j 'tpahjp' cz;L. mtuJ jhahH mtiutpl Nkhrk;.

tz;b ,g;NghJ ml;ld; efHg;Gwg; gFjpia mz;kpj;J tpl;lJ. ,d;Dk; 15 epkplj;jpy; tPL Ngha;r; NrHe;Jtplyhk; vd;whHfs;.

ml;ld; vdf;F Gjpa ,lk; my;y. xU fhyj;jpy; ml;ld; efiur; Rw;wpAs;s Njapiyj; Njhl;lq;fs; xd;W tplhJ Rw;wpj;jpupe;jpUf;fpNwd;.

mWgJfspd; Kw;gFjp. kiy ehl;by; jkpouRf; fl;rp ,yq;ifj; njhopyhsH fofk; vd;w xU njhopw;rq;fj;ij njhlf;fp Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfis mzp jpul;baJ. Njhl;lj; njhopyhsH fofj;jpd; jiyikafk; ml;ld; efupy;jhd; ,aq;fpaJ. mjd; jiytuhf K.jpUr;nry;tKk; nrayhsuhf jpU. ehNfe;jpuhTk; epakpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. jpU.ehNfe;jpuh Kd;dH murhq;f vOJtpidQH Nritapy; ,Ue;jtH. jpU. Nf.rp. epj;jpahde;jidg; Nghy; vg;NghJk; ey;y nts;is ntsPnud;w Ntl;b rl;ilapy;jhd; fhl;rp mspg;ghH.

kiyafj;jpy; njhz;ilkhdpd; ,yq;ifj; njhopyhsH fhq;fpuRf;F vjpuhf Nghl;bj; njhopw; rq;fk; cUthf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nahrid jpU.K. jpUr;nry;tj;jpd; cilaJ. ,yq;ifj; njhopyhsH fofj;ij njhlq;fpaNghJ  NtW rq;fq;fspy; KO Neu njhopw;rq;f CopaHfshf ,Ue;j gyH ,jpy; te;J NrHe;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

,e;j Kaw;rpf;F murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fk; jdJ KO MjuitAk; xj;Jiog;igAk; ey;fpaJ.

thu ,Wjpapy; murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fj;ijr; NrHe;j Kd;dzp cWg;gpdHfs; Njhl;lq;fspy; ,.njh.fofk; elj;Jk; gug;Giuf; $l;lq;fspy; fye;J nfhz;L NgrpdhHfs;.

ehDk; ez;gH nr.NfhBRtuDk; nts;sp khiy njhlHtz;biag; gpbj;J mLj;j ehs; tpba ml;ld; Ngha;r; NrHNthk;. m.v. rq;fk; vq;fSf;F 3Mk; tFg;G gazf; fl;lzj;ij kl;Lk; je;jJ. Vida nryTfis ehq;fNs nghWj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

njhlHtz;bapy; VwpaJk; fjNthukhf cs;s ,ilntspapy; tPuNfrup nra;jpj;jhis tpupj;Jtpl;L ehq;fs; ,UtUk; ed;whfj; Jhq;fp tpLNthk;!

Njhl;lq;fspy; vq;fSf;F gyj;j tuNtw;G ,Uf;Fk;. $l;lk; elf;Fk; Nkilf;F vq;fis Njhspy; Rke;J nfhz;L ngupa Muthuj;NjhL NghthHfs;. Ngrj; njhlq;fpaJk; tupirapy; te;J khiy khiyahfg; NghLthHfs;. mit Njapiy ,iyfs;  fhl;Lg; G+f;fs; ,uz;Lk; NrHj;Jf; fl;lg;gl;l khiyfs;!

,e;j ,lj;jpy; murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fj;jpd; Njhw;wk; tsHr;rpgw;wp nrhy;yyhk; vd epidf;fpNwd;. ,J njhlHghd Mtzq;fis vdJ ehuk;gpl;b njhlHkhb  tPl;;by; gj;jpug;gLj;jp itj;jpUe;Njd;. gpd;dH me;j tPL fhty;Jiwapd; Nrhjidf;F cs;shd NghJ mjpy; thliff;F ,Ue;jtH gaj;jpy; mtw;iwf; Fg;igj; njhl;bf;Fs; vwpe;Jtpl;lhH!   

1956 Mk; Mz;by; jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;l NghJ Mq;fpy %yk; vOJtpidQH Nritf;Fr; NrHe;j jkpoHfs; ,uNthL ,uthf mwptpypfs; Mf;fg;gl;ldH. rpq;fs nkhop njupahj  jkpo; CopaHfsJ vjpHfhyk;  Nfs;tpf; FwpahdJ.

me;jf; fhy fl;lj;jpy; murhq;f vOJtpidQHfis nghJ vOJtpidQH Nritr; rq;fk; (General Clerical Service Union) gpujpepj;Jtg;gLj;jpaJ.

1947 itfhrp- Mdp khjq;fspy; xU nghJ Ntiy epWj;jk; ,lk;ngw;wJ.

Ntiy epWj;jj;jpy; <Lgl;ltHfs; Mdp 5 Mk; ehs; xU CHtyj;ij elj;jpdhHfs;. me;j CHtyj;jpy; NghdtHfs; njnkl;lf;nfhltpy; itj;J fhty;Jiwapduhy; jhf;fg;gl;ldH. mg;gbj; jhf;fg;gl;ltHfspy; lhf;lH vd;. vk; ngNuuhTk; xUtH. xU fl;lj;jpy; fhty;Jiw CHtyk; te;jtHfs; kPJ Jg;ghf;fpr; #L elj;jpaJ. mjpy; 18 NgH fhakile;jhHfs;. tp.fe;jrhkp vd;w vOJtpidQH Fz;lb gl;L ,we;jhH.

Ntiy epWj;jj;ij Kd;dpd;W elj;jpatHfspy;  nghJr; Nrit vOJtpidQH rq;fj;jpd; nghJr; nrayhsH jpU. itFe;jthrDk; xUtH. mjd; fhuzkhf mtUk; jpU.V.MH. MrPHthjk;> kw;Wk; up.gp. ,yq;fuj;jpd Nritapy; ,Ue;J gzp ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;.  

1947,y; cs;Jiw mikr;ruhf ,Ue;jtH NrH. m. kfhNjth. vdNt nfhiyg; gop mtH kPJ tpOe;jJ. mjid mtNuhL aho;g;ghzj; njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapl;l jkpo;f; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytH  jpU. [p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk; jdJ NjHjy; ntw;wpf;F ed;F gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhH.

Nfhl;il Gifapuj epiyaj;jpy; fe;jrhkpapd; cliy mDg;gp tpl;L tpkhdj;jpy; aho;g;ghzk; Ngha;r; NrHe;j jkpo;f; fhq;fpu]; jiytH aho;g;ghzg; Gifapuj epiyaj;jpy; mjid tuNtw;whH!

"jpahfp fe;jrhkpiaf; nfhd;w JNuhfp kfhNjth xopf"  vd;w thrfk; aho;g;ghzj;Jg; gs;spf;$lr; RtHfs; xd;WtplhJ nfhl;il vOj;jpy; vOjg;gl;ld.

jpU. itFe;jthrd; rpy Mz;Lfs; kf;fs; Fuy; (People's Voice) (1951-53) vd;w Mq;fpy thu ,jio elj;jp te;jhH. fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp cWg;gpduhd itFe;jthrd; cUrpah> rPdh ,uz;L ehLfspYk; 3 khjk; Rw;Wg; gazk; nra;J jdJ mDgtq;fis Mq;fpy nkhopapy; xU Ehyhf 1953 Mk; Mz;L ntspapl;lhH. mjd; md;iwa tpiy &gh 3 kl;LNk.    

fk;A+dp];lhf ,Ue;j NjhoH itFe;jthrd; 1966 Mk; Mz;L fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp rpq;fsj;Jf;Fk; jkpOf;Fk; rk cupik vd;w epiyg;ghl;by; ,Ue;J tOfp rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; nkhopf; nfhs;ifia fl;bg; gpbj;j NghJ me;jf; fl;rpapy; ,Ue;J tpyfpdhH.

mjw;F Ke;jpa Mz;L ele;j nghJj; NjHjypy;  fhq;Nfrd;Jiw njhFjpapy; je;ij nry;tehafj;Jf;F vjpuhf If;fpa ,lJrhup Kd;dzp Ntl;ghsuhfg; Nghl;bapl;ltH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpapy; ,Ue;J tpyfpa gpd; mtH Rk;kh ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

,yz;ldpy;  rl;lk; gbj;J mjpy; gl;lk; (Bar-At-Law) ngw;whH.  gpd;dH rhk;gpah ehl;by; khtl;l ePjpgjpahf (19771-77) flikahw;wpdhH.  

1977 ,y; ,yz;lDf;F jdJ FLk;gj;NjhL Gyk;  ngaHe;j itFe;jthrd; jkpoPo tpLjiyf;F ghLgl;lhH. ,yz;ld; jkpoH xUq;fpizg;Gf; FOtpd; mikg;ghsuhf nray;gl;lhH. ,e;jf; FO jkpoH tpLjiyf; $l;lzpapd; tl;Lf; Nfhl;ilj; jPHkhdj;ij Mjupj;J gug;Giu nra;jJ. mjd; xU fl;lkhf 1992 Mk; Mz;L ijg; nghq;fy; ehspy; (14-01-1882) jkpoPo Rje;jpug; gpufldj;ij nra;a KbT nra;jJ.  

,yz;ld; gpgprp jkpNohir me;jr; nra;jpia jdJ ij 12 Mk; ehs; xypgug;gpy; xypgug;gpaJ. Mdhy; me;j Kaw;rp md;iwa jkpoH tpLjiyg; $l;lzpapd; nghJr; nrayhsH m. mkpHjypq;fk; mtHfshy; jLj;J epWj;jg;gl;lJ.

1978 Ig;grp 5 Mk; ehs; itFe;jthrdpd; ngaH cyfk; KOJk; mbgl;lJ. md;Wjhd; I.eh. rigapy; ,yq;if ntspAwT mikr;rH Ngr ,Ue;jhH. mtiu Ngr mioj;jNghJ jpU. itFe;jthrd; kpd;dy; Ntfj;jpy; Nkilf;Fr; nrd;W xypthq;fpapy; "mitj; jiytH mtHfNs cyfj; jiytHfNs"  vd;W Vw;fdNt Mq;fpyj;jpy; vOjp itj;jpUe;j ciuiag; gbf;f Muk;gpj;jhH.

"jkpoPok; Nghd;w xLf;fg;gLk; rpWghd;ik kf;fspd; ehLfs;> cyf ehLfspd; cr;r rigahd ,q;F te;J jq;fs; Fiwfisf; $whky; NtW vq;F nry;tJ? jaT nra;J vd;id xU epkplk; Ngr mDkjpAq;fs;" ,g;gb xU Kd;Diuiaf; $wptpl;L itFe;jthrd; Ngr;irj; njhlHe;jhH.

"vd; ngaH fpU\;zh. ,e;jpahtpw;Fk; ,yq;iff;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s 25 ,yl;rk; kf;fs; njhifiaf; nfhz;l jkpo; <ok; ehl;by; ,Ue;J gpujpepjpahf te;Js;Nsd;. ,yq;if murhq;fk; rpWghd;ik ,dj;Njhiu Jd;GWj;jp xLf;Fk; nfhs;ifiaj; njhlHe;J filg;gpbj;J tUfpwJ?  

mt;tsTjhd;. xyp.ngUf;fp Jz;bf;fg;gl;lJ. rigf; fhtyHfs; ,yq;if ntspAwT mikr;riu nfhw nfhw vd ,Oj;Jf; nfhz;L ntspNa NghdhHfs;. mjd;gpd; ele;jJ vd;d vd;gJ cq;fSf;Fj; njupAk;. ,e;j EioTf;F xU khjfhykhf I.eh. rigf;F cs;Ns tyk; te;J xj;jpif ghHj;jjhf mtH $WfpwhH.

rpq;fstHfsJ jiyikapy; ,aq;fpa nghJ vOJtpidQH Nrit rq;fk; rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; rl;lj;jhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l jkpo; CopaHfsJ cupikf;fhf Fuy; nfhLf;Fk; vd;w ek;gpf;if gbg;gbahf Fiwe;J te;jJ. (gazk; njhlUk;;)  

 


td;dpr; nryT (14)

nkhoptopj; njhopw; rq;fq;fs;     

jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; jkpo; mur CopaHfsJ fOj;Jf;F itf;fg;gl;l fj;jp vd;gJ nrhy;yhkNy tpsq;Fk;. nghJ kf;fistpl jkpo; mur CopaHfNs jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpdhy; mjpf msT ghjpg;Gf;F cs;shdhHfs;.

rpq;fs nkhopapy; jkpo; mur CopaHfs; xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpy; NjHr;rp ngw Ntz;Lk; my;yhtpby; mtHfsJ rk;gs caHT> gjtp caHT epWj;jp itf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W jpiwr;Nrup Rw;wwpf;iffs; %yk; neUf;fbiaf; nfhLj;jJ. xU fl;lj;jpy; Ntiy ePf;fk; nra;ag;gLtH vd;Wk; kpul;lg;gl;lJ.

jpUkjp rpwpkhNth gz;lhuehaf;f gpujkuhf ,Ue;j NghJ 1961 khHfopapy; tpLf;fg;gl;l jpiwr;Nrup mwpf;if ,y.560 jq;fs; gjtpfis jf;f itf;f tpUk;Gk; jkpo; CopaHfs; rpq;fsj;jpy; NjHr;rp ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;W njuptpj;jJ.  

jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpdhy; cldbahf ,yhgk; ngw;wtHfs; rpq;fs mur CopaHfs;.

mtHfs;jhd; 'fpotp vg;NghJ fz;iz %Lk; jpz;iz vg;NghJ fhypahFk;' vd;w kdNthl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

rpq;fs muirtpl rpq;fs nkhopia eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjpy; rpq;fs mur CopaHfs; gygb jPtpukhf ,Ue;jhHfs;.

',yq;if rpq;fstHfSf;F' (Ceylon for the Sinhalese)  gUj;jpj;Jiw Kjy; NjNte;jpuKietiu rp;q;fsk; kl;Lk; rl;lk;' ( Sinhalese Only from Point Pedro to Dondra Head) vd;w rj;jk; njd;dpyq;ifapd; %iy KLf;nfy;yhk; vjpnuhypj;jJ. (Tarzie Vittachi's "Emergency 58")

Kjypy; CopaHfsJ rk;gsg; gl;bay; jdpr; rpq;fsj;jpy; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ. mjid jkpo; CopaHfs; vjpHj;Jg; NghuhbdhHfs;. Mq;fpyj;jpy; nkhopngaHg;G Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;.  

Nfhg;Gfspy; Mq;fpyk; njupe;j jPtpu rpq;fs mur CopaHfs; rpq;fsj;jpy; Fwpg;Gf;fs; vOjpdhHfs;. mijg; gbf;f KbahJ jkpo; mur CopaHfs; jpzwpdhHfs;.

rpq;fs muR jkpo; mur CopaHfis ,uz;lhff; $WNghl;lJ. jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; epiwNtw;wg;gL Kd;dH Nritapy; NrHe;j CopaHfs; gioa CopaHfs; vd;Wk; mjd; gpd; Nritapy; NrHe;jtHfs; Gjpa CopaHfs; vd;Wk; muR nrhy;ypaJ.

jkpo; CopaHfisg; gpujpepj;Jtg;gLj;jpa nghJ vOJtpidQH Nrit rq;fk; jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; ehl;bd; rl;lkhfp tpl;ljhy; jkpo; CopaHfs; rpq;fsj;ijg; gbj;J mjpy; NjHr;rp ngWtijtpl NtW top ,y;iy vd;w epiyg;ghl;il nks;s nks;s vLf;fj; jiyg;gl;lJ.

1958 itfhrp Mdp khjq;fspy; 21 mk;rf; Nfhupf;iffis Kd;itj;J ehlshtpa  nghJ Ntiy epWj;jj;ij fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpapd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Ue;j nghJ Nrit njhopyhsH njhopw;rq;f rk;Nksdk; (Public Service Workers  Trade Union Federation) Nkw;nfhz;lJ.

,e;j rk;Nksdj;jpd; jiytuhf jpU.af; ngNuuhTk; nghJr; nrayhsuhf jpU. rpd;dj;jk;gp nry;iyahTk; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

Ntiy epWj;jk; njhlq;fpa mLj;j ehs; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpapd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Uej jdpahH Jiw njhopw;rq;fkhd Ceylon Trade Union Federation (CTUF) ck; Ntiy epWj;jj;jpy; Fjpj;jJ. Mdhy; rk[kh[f; fl;rpapd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Ue;j njhopw;rq;fq;fs; Ntiy epWj;jj;jpy; <Lglhky; xJq;fpf; nfhz;ld.

xU khjj;Jf;F Nkyhf  ,e;j Ntiy epWj;jk; ePbj;jJ. njd;dpyq;ifia tpl tl-fpof;fpy;jhd; Ntiy epWj;jk; EhW tpOf;fhL ntw;wpfukhf eilngw;wJ. mjd; fhuzj;ij ePq;fs; vspjpy; Cfpj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;.

ehd; mg;NghJ jpUNfhzkiy nghJ vOJtpidQH Nrit rq;fj;jpd; nrayhsuhfTk; nghJ Nrit njhopyhsH njhopw;rq;f rk;Nksdj;jpy; nrayhuuhfTk; ,Ue;Njd;. jpUNfhzkiyapy; Ntiy nra;j rkahrka CopaHfs; $l  Ntiy epWj;jj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

,e;jf; fhy fl;lj;jpy; ele;j Ntiy epWj;jq;fSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; fk;A+dp];l; my;yJ rk[kh[ fl;rpfNs ,Ue;jd. njhopyhsHfs; ,e;jf; fl;rpfspd; murpay; Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf gfilf; fha;fshfg; gad;gLj;jg; gl;lhHfs; vd;gNj cz;ik. khl;Lf;F Gz;zhf;Ff; fhl;LtJ Nghy rk;gs mjpfupg;G gjtp caHT Nghd;wit Nfhupf;ifg; gl;baypy; NrHf;fg;gl;ld.

xU khjj;Jf;F Nkyhf ePbj;j Ntiy epWj;jk; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ. gfpb vd;dntd;why; me;j Ntiy epWj;jj;ij Kwpabg;gjpy; 1947 ,y; Ntiy epWj;jk; nra;J Ntiy ,oe;j up.gp. ,yq;fuj;jpdh md;iwa njhopy; mikr;rH vd;w Kiwapy;  Kk;kukhfg; ghLgl;lhH. CTUF Ntiy epWj;jk; rl;lj;Jf;F KuzhdJ vd;W $l gpufldk; nra;jhH.

mikr;rH gpypg; FztHj;jdh Ntiy epWj;jk; jkpouRf; fl;rpj; jiytH v].N[.tp. nry;tehaj;jpd; Jhz;Ljypd; Ngupy; eilngWtjhf Fw;wk; rhl;bdhH.

1947 ,y; Ntiy ,oe;j jpU. ,yq;fuj;jpdhtpw;F mur CopaHfs; epjp Nrfupj;Jf; nfhLj;jhHfs;. 1956 ,y; fz;bapy; Nghl;bapl;l ,yq;fuj;jpdhtpd; ntw;wpf;F ngh.v.Nr. rq;f cWg;gpdHfs; mauhJ cioj;jhHfs;.

Fwpg;ghf mtuJ ntw;wpf;F Nf.rp. epj;jpahde;jh> rp. nry;iyah> rp.Fkhrrhkp> gp.fjpuNty; Nghd;w njhopw;rq;fthjpfs; fz;bapNyNa Kfhk; ,l;L kiwKfkhf  NjHjy; Ntiyfspy; <Lgl;lhHfs;. NjHjypy; <LgLk; cupik mg;NghJ mur CopaHfSf;F ,Uf;ftpy;iy.  

jkpoHfSila nghUs; cjtp> cly; cjtp ,y;yhJ jpU. ,yq;fuj;jpd ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F nrd;wpUf;fNth jpU. gz;lhuehaf;fhtpd; mikr;ruitapy; xU mikr;ruhfNth te;jpUf;f KbahJ. mtH kPJ Nghlg;gl;l NjHjy; tof;fpy; $l xU jkpo; tof;fwpQH v];.eNlrd; Q.C. Njhd;wp thjhbdhH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

1956,y; jpU. ,yq;fuj;jpd Rje;jpuf; fl;rp rhHgpy; Nghl;bapl;L ntd;whYk; mtuJ ntw;wp mur CopaHfsJ ntw;wp vd;W fUjg;gl;lJ. mjdhy; mtUf;Fk; mtuJ JiztpahH FRkh ,yq;fuj;jpdhtpw;Fk; ngh.v. Nr.rq;f fpisfs; Nghl;b Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L tuNtw;G mspj;J fTutpj;jd. mijr; nra;j ghtk; vd;idAk; rhUk;. mg;NghJ (1956) ehd; ,uj;jpdGupf; fpisapd; nrayhsuhf ,Ue;Njd;.

1958,y; ,lk;ngw;w Ntiy epWj;jk; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jij mLj;J 1959 ,y; eilngw;w ngh.v.Nr. rq;f Mz;L khehl;by; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp MjuthsHfs; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. nray;FOTf;fhd NjHjy; gl;baypy; vdJ ngaUk; ,Ue;jJ. tPrpa vjpH miyapy; ehDk; mbj;Jg; Nghfg;gl;Nld;.  

ngh.v.Nr. rq;fj;jpd; nghJr; nrayhsuhf I.N[.tpf;fpukhTk;> jiytuhf T.B. jprehaf;fhTk; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. ,tHfs; rk[kh[ fl;rp MjuthsHfs;.   mjd; gpd; ePz;l fhykhf ngh.v.Nritr; rq;fk; mtHfs; gpbapNyNa ,Ue;Jte;jJ.

rq;fj;jpd; Gjpa jiyik jkpo; CopaHfis Kw;whf iftpl;L rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; rl;;lj;Jf;F Mjuthf nray;gl Muk;gpj;jJ.

'cyfj; njhopyhsHfNs xd;W gLq;fs;! ePq;fs; ,og;gjw;F cq;fs; mbikr; rq;fpypiatpl Ntnwhd;Wk; ,y;iy'  ("Workers of the world unite. You have nothing to lose but your chains") vd;W Nk ehs; tpohf;fspy;  Koq;fpa NjhoHfspd; RUjp gpRwj; njhlq;fpaJ.

mtHfs; mzpe;jpUe;j rptg;Gr; rl;ilapd; rhak; ntSf;fj; njhlq;fpaJ. mry; rpq;fs ,dthjpfshf cUkhwpdhHfs;.

njhopyhs tHf;f xw;Wik fhw;wpy; gwf;f tplg;gl;lJ.

1958,y; ntbj;j ,df; fytuj;jpy; jkpoHfisj; jhf;Ftjpy; mtHfsJ cilikfis ehrg;gLj;Jtjpy; rpq;fs njhopyhsHfSk; NrHe;J nfhz;lhHfs; vd;gJ xU Nrhf tuyhW. Fwpg;ghf Rje;jpuf; fl;rp kw;Wk; gpypg; FztHj;jdtpd; M.E.P. fl;rp MjuT njhopyhsHfs; ,e;jj; jhf;Fjy; kw;Wk; mopg;G Ntiyfspy;   ngUkstpy; <Lgl;lhHfs;.

1960 ,y; NjHjy; ntw;wpia kdjpy; itj;J fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp kw;Wk; rk[kh[f; fl;rp ,uz;Lk;  jpUkjp rpwpkhNth jiyik tfpj;j rpwp yq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rpNahL NjHjy; cld;ghnlhd;iw vOjpf; nfhz;ld. ,jd; %yk; rpq;fsKk; jkpOk; Ml;rp nkhopfs; vd;w rkTupikf; Nfhl;ghl;il Neubahf ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; kiwKfkhf ,e;jf; fl;rpfs; iftpl;ld.  

NjHjy; gug;Giuapd; NghJ rk[kh[ fl;rpa;pd; Jhz;fspy; xUtuhd jpUkjp. tptpad; FztHj;jdh 'gpypg; FztHj;jdh rpq;fstuJ Kjy; vz; vjpup" vd;W rhbdhH vd;why; rpq;fs ,dthjk; vt;tsT fbdkhfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ vd;gijg; Gupe;J nfhs;syhk;. jpU.gpypg; FztHj;jdh tptpad; FztHj;jdhtpd; khkd; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

Vkhw;wg;gl;l jkpo; CopaHfs; murhq;f vOJ tpidQH rq;fk; vd;w Gjpa mikg;igj; njhlf;fpdhHfs;. mjd; njhlf;ff; $l;lk; Nfhl;ilg; gFjpapy; cs;s xU jkpo; cztfj;jpy; ele;jJ. ehd; cl;gl xd;gJ NgH me;jf; $l;lj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;Nlhk;.  

rq;fk; cUthFtjw;F fhuz fHj;jhthf ,Ue;j jpU. Nf. rpthde;jRe;juk; jiytuhfTk;> jpU. ,. ghyRg;gpukzpak; nghJr; nrayhsuhfTk; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;ldH.

gyH jpU. nr.NfhBRtud; jiytuhf njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH vd vOjp itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. mg;NghJ jpU. NfhBRtud; Nffhiyf; fr;Nrupapy; gzpahw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. mjdhy; mtH njhlf;ff; $l;lj;jpy; fye;J nfhs;s ,aytpy;iy.

jpU. rpthde;jRe;juk; Nritapy; ,Ue;J Xa;T ngw;W je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; jdpr; nrayhsuhfg; gjtp Vw;w gpd;dHjhd; jpU.NfhBRtud; mtuJ ,lj;Jf;F jiytuhfg; Nghl;bapd;wpj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH.

',dtop gpupe;J nkhoptop xd;WgLjy;' m.v.rq;fj;jpd; Fwpf;Nfhs; vd mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ.

,jidj; njhlHe;J jkpo; mur CopaHfs; ngh.v.Nr. rq;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J rhiu rhiuahf tpyfp  m.v.tp. rq;fj;jpy; Nruj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;. njhlq;fpa Mz;Nl mjd; gyk; 2>500 vl;baJ.  ,uz;L Njhzpapy; fhy; itj;jtHfSk; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

m.v.tpidQHfsJ Kd;khjpupiag; gpd;gw;wp mQ;ry;> Giftz;b> fg;gy;Jiw> kj;jpa tq;fp Nghd;w epWtdq;fspy; Ntiy nra;j jkpo; CopaHfs; nkhop topj; njhopw; rq;fq;fis Njhw;Wtpj;jhHfs;. (gazk; njhlUk;) 

 


 

td;dpr; nryT (15)

jkpo; CopaH njhz;ilf;Fs; rpq;fsk; jpzpg;G

murhq;f vOJ tpidQH rq;fk; njhlf;fg;gl;l ehs; njhl;L mJ  kpfTk; fl;Lf; Nfhg;GlDk; tpW tpWg;GlDk; ,aq;fpaJ. mjw;nfd xU gzpkid 676 fhyp tPjp> nfhs;Sg;gpl;b> nfhOk;gpy; thliff;F vLf;fgg;gl;lJ. mJ jkpoH xUtUf;F nrhe;jkhd gy miwfs; nfhz;l khbf; fl;blk;.

rq;fj;jpd; nghUshsH jpU. jHkypq;fk; gzpkidapNyNa jq;f Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lJ. rq;f khjhe;jf; fl;lzk; CopaHfsJ rk;gsj;jpy; ,Ue;J fopf;fg;gl;L mjw;Fupa fhNrhiyfs; rq;fg; gzpkidf;F  te;J nfhz;bUe;jd. vdNt md;whlr; nryTf;Fk; Vida nrytpdq;fSf;Fk; gzKil ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

rq;fj;jpd; khjhe;j nray;f; FOf; $l;lq;fs; xOq;fh eilngw;wd. mjw;F kl;lf;fsg;G> jpUNfhzkiy> kd;dhH> tTdpah> aho;g;ghzk; Nghd;w ntspA+Hfspy; ,Ue;J nray;FOTf;Fj; njupT nra;ag;gl;l NguhsHfs; te;J fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;. mtHfsJ gazr; nryT rq;fj;jhy; <L nra;ag;gl;lJ.

nfhOk;gpy; rq;fj;jpd; fpisfs; gy jpizf;fsq;fspy; epWtg;gl;ld. ehd; mg;NghJ jpiwr;Nrupapy; gzpahw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;Njd;.

jpU. Nf.rp. epj;jpahde;jhTk; mNj jpizf;fsj;jpy; Ntiy ghHj;jhH. mg;NghJ mtH njhopw;rq;f eltbf;iffspy; ,Ue;J xJq;fp ,Ue;jhH. murhq;f vOJ tpidQH rq;fj;jpy; mtH Nrutpy;iy. NrHtjw;F mtuJ ePz;l fhy ,lJrhup murpay; <LghL  ,lk; nfhLf;ftpy;iy.

jpU.epj;jpahde;jh Nritapy; kpfTk; %g;Gilatuhf ,Ue;Jk; gjtp caHT vd;W tUk;NghJ mtH Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;lhH.

njhopw;rq;f eltbf;if fhuzkhf ,uz;nlhU juk; Nritapy; ,Ue;J ,il epWj;jk; nra;ag;gl;lJ> Nky; mjpfhupfNshL mt;tg;NghJ nfhStpaJ mtuJ gjtp caHTf;F jilahf ,Ue;jd. Mdhy; kdpjH mijg;gw;wp vy;yhk; ftiyg; gLtjpy;iy. gy ,Oj;jbf;Fg; gpd;dH mtH epHthf Nritf;F gjtp caHT nra;ag;gl;lhH.  

nghJthf mur Nritapy; iffl;b tha;nghj;jp> ,lg;gLk; fl;lisfs; rupNah gpioNah fhyhy; ,l;l Ntiyia jiyahy; nra;J ek;gpf;ifAila ey;ygps;is vdg; ngaH vLg;gjpNyNa caHkl;l jkpo; CopaHfs; ele;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

rpq;fs mikr;rHfs; rpq;fs mjpfhupfistpl jkpo; mjpfhupfisNa jq;fSf;F cjtpahf itj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy; ehl;lkhf ,Ue;jhHfs;. ,jw;F %d;W  fhuzpfisr; nrhy;yyhk;.

1) jkpo; mjpfhupfs; Neufhyk; ghHf;fhky; khLkhjpup Ntiy nra;thHfs;. ngUk;ghYk; Nfhg;Gfis tPl;Lf;F vLj;Jr; nrd;W mtw;iwg; gbj;J cj;juTfisg; gpwg;gpj;jhHfs;.

2) jkpo; CopaHfs; mikr;rupd; vz;zg;gb Ml vg;NghJk; jahuhf ,Ug;ghHfs;. vg;gb tpjpfis tisf;fyhk; vd;gij vy;yhk; nrhy;ypf;f; nfhLf;f mtHfs; vg;NghJk; jahH.  

3) mikr;rupd; ,ufrpaq;fs; mtuJ murpay; vjpupfSf;F frpa tha;g;gpy;iy. rpq;fs mjpfhupfs; cwT>  murpay; rhHG> el;G Nghd;w fhuzq;fSf;fhf mikr;ruJ Rj;Jkhj;Jf;fis ntspapy; tpl;;L tpLthHfs;.

1956,y; gjpAjPd; KfkJ fy;tp mikr;ruhf te;j NghJ K];ypk;fSf;F Ntiy tha;g;G> fy;tp vd ms;sp toq;fpdhH. mtH mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j ,uz;nlhU Mz;Lfspy;  v];.v];.rp. rpj;jpnaa;jptpl;L Ntiy ,y;yhky; njUtpy; miye;j xU K];ypk; ,isQiuf; fhz KbahJ ,Ue;jJ. mtH vs;nsd;w vz;niz;ahf gzpahw;wpatH fy;tp mikr;rpd; Nkyjpf nrayhsH MH. gh];fuypq;fk;.

gpd;dH uzrpq;fp gpNukjhrh gpujkuhfTk; gpd;dH rdhjpgjpahfTk; gjtp tfpj;J NghJ mNj �ga gf;jpNahL� gh];fuypq;fk; Copak; nra;jhH.

1994 ,y; If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp NjHypy;  Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;L re;jpupfh FkhuJq;fh gpujkuhfg; gjtpf;F te;j NghJ gyH ehl;il tpl;L XbdhHfs;. mjpy; gh];fuypq;fk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;ftH. kPz;Lk; 2001 ,y; If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp gjtpf;F te;jNghJ kPz;Lk; nfhs;if Nkk;ghL eilKiwg;gLj;jy; mikr;rpd; MNyhrfuhf (Advisor, Ministry of Policy Development and Implementation)  te;J NrHe;jhH.     

Nr.rp. epj;jpahde;jh nghWj;jkl;by; mtH mjpfhupfs; rup>  murpay;thjpfs; rup ahUf;Fk; jiytzq;fhj xU tzq;fhKbahfNt tpsq;fpdhH.

vg;NghJk; Njrpa cilapy;jhd; fhl;rp mspg;ghH. Mdhy; rhy;it Nghl;Lf; nfhsskhl;lhH.  fd;dk; fNuy; vd;w epwk;. Mwb cauk;> mjw;Nfw;w thl;l rhl;lkhd clk;G. vg;NghJk; rpupj;j Kfk;. jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;shjjhy; ve;jf; ftiyAk; ,y;yhj xw;iwf;fl;il.  mtuplk; ,Ue;j xNu Fiw mbf;fb  %f;Fg; nghb NghLk; gof;fk;. mtUf;F ,Ue;j xNu ftiy mtuJ taJ te;j jhahiug; gw;wpaJ.

Nf.rp. epj;jpahde;jh vd;w ngaupy; cs;s Nf.rp. mtUf;F kpfTk; nghUj;jkhd jiynaOj;Jf;fs;. mur Nritapy; jg;Gj; jz;lh nra;J xOf;fhw;W eltbf;ifapy; khl;bf; nfhs;gtHfSf;F epj;jpjhd; (mg;gbj;jhd; vy;NyhUk; miog;ghHfs;) tpid jPHf;Fk; fz;fz;l  nja;tk;.  tpag;G vd;dntd;why; mtiutpl caH gjtpfspy; ,Ue;jtHfSk; mtiuj;jhd; jq;fs; gf;fk; Njhd;wp thjhl mkHj;jpJf; nfhs;thHfs;.

jpU. epj;jpahde;jh gpwe;J tsHe;jJ kNyrpah. mjdhy;jhd; vd;dNkh Mq;fpyj;jpy; jz;zpgl;l ghlha; Nkilapy; NgRthH.

Kjy; Kiw nfhOk;G khefu mit muq;fpy; ele;j nghJ vOJtpidQH Nrit rq;fj;jpd; Mz;L NguhsH khehl;by; mtH Mq;fpyj;jpy; Mw;wpa jiyikAiuiaf; Nfl;l NghJ ehd; jpifj;Jg; NghNdd;. Md;iwa ,lJrhup fl;rpfsJ Kd;dzp murpay;thjpfsJ Ngr;irtpl mtuJ Ngr;R tPr;rhf ,Ue;jJ.

murpay; vg;gb ,Ue;jhYk; vdf;Fk; mtUf;Fk; ey;y el;G ,Ue;jJ. njhopw;rq;f tplakhf VjhtJ MNyhrid ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; ehs; Neuk; ghuhJ mtiu mtuJ 23> gpuhd;rp]; tPjp> nts;stj;ij tPl;by; re;jpj;J NgRfpw cupik vdf;F ,Ue;jJ.

mg;gb re;jpf;Fk; NghJ mtH fpz;lyhff; Nfl;Fk; Nfs;tp 'nry;tehafk; vd;d nrhy;fpwhH? ,g;gTk; jkpouR fpilf;Fk; vd;W ek;Gfpwhuh?'

gpd;db fhyj;jpy; gy nrQ;rl;ilj; NjhoHfSf;F fhyk; fle;J Qhdk; gpwe;J jkpo;j; Njrpaj;jpd; gf;fk; te;J NrHe;jhHfs;. mjpy; Nf.rp. epj;jpahde;jDk; xUtH. 1978,y; N[.MH. n[atHj;jdh mtiu Gjpjhf cUthf;fpa aho;g;ghzk; gdk;nghUs; Nkk;ghl;L mitapd; (Chairman, Palmyrah Development Board) jiytuhf epakpj;jhH. mtUf;F ,Ue;j ePupopT Neha;jhd; mtuJ rhit Jupjg;gLj;jpaJ. ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ,d;Dk; rpwpJ fhyk; mtH capNuhL ,Ue;jpUg;ghH.

jpiwr;Nrupapy; Ntiy ghHj;j ehd; jkpo; CopaHfs; rpq;fsk; gbf;ff; $lhJ vd;gjpy; kpfj; jPtpukhf ,Ue;Njd;. mJ vdJ gpuptpw;F jiytuhf ,Ue;j fzf;fhsUf;Fg; gpbf;ftpy;iy. mtH xU jkpoH. Mdhy; rpq;fsk; gbj;J NjHT vOjp rpj;jpngw;W Kd;Ndwpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. mYtyfj;jpNyNa rpq;fsg; Gj;jfj;ij itj;Jg; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;ghH. mJ vdf;Fk; vdJ ez;gHfSf;Fk;  gpbf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ mtUf;Fj; njupAk;. vdNt mtH jpiwr;Nrup nrayhsNuhL fijj;J vq;fspy; gyiu $z;NlhL tUtha;j;Jiw jpizf;fsj;Jf;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;J tpl;lhH.

xUtpjj;jpy; mJTk; vdf;F ey;yjhfg; Nghapw;W. fhuzk; tUtha;j;Jiw jpizf;fsj;jpd;jhd; ngUthupahd jkpo; vOj;jHfs; gzpahw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fj;jpd; gykhd fpisAk; mq;Nfjhd; ,Ue;jJ. mjw;F jpU. KUFg;gps;is jiytuhfTk;> jpU.n[fjPrd; nrayhsuhfTk; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

,g;NghJ fdlh cyfj; jkpoH Ehy;epiyag; nghWg;ghsuhf gzpahw;Wk; jpU. j. eluhrh mNj tUtha;j;Jiw jpizf;fsj;jpy; 1964 ,y; Ntiyapy; NrHe;jhH.  

ehnshU NkdpAk; nghOnjhU tz;zKk; mur jkpo; CopaHfsJ mtyq;fs; mjpfupj;j tz;zk; ,Ue;jd. rpq;fs muR jkpo; CopaHfJ njhz;il topahf rpq;fsj;ij tYf;fl;lhakhfj; jpzpf;f rhk> Ngj> jhd> jz;lk; vd;w ehy;tifj; je;jpuq;fisAk; ifahz;lJ.

jkpo; CopaHfs; rpq;fsj;jpy; NjHr;rp ngw epHg;ge;jpf;fg; gl;lhHfs;. rpq;fs NjHr;rp NjHT vOjg; Nghdhy; NghJk;. ntWk; ntw;Wj;jhs;fisf;  nfhLj;jtHfSf;F 70> 80 Gs;spfisf; nfhLj;J rpq;fsnkhopj; NjHtpy; rpj;jp vd murnkhop jpizf;fsk; mwptpj;jJ.

jkpo; CopaHfis rpq;fsk; gbf;f Ntz;lhk; vd;W murhq;f vOJ tpidQH rq;fKk; jkpouRf; fl;rpAk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhYk; rpy CopaHfs; kiwtha; rpq;fsk; gbj;J NjHTf;Fj; Njhd;wpdhHfs;.

mg;gbg; gl;ltHfis jdpj;jdpahfTk; $l;lhfTk; mZfp mtHfs; rpq;fsk; gbg;gjhy; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpw;F vjpuhd rq;fj;jpd; Nghuhl;lk; kl;Lky;yhJ jkpo; kf;fsJ murpay; Nghuhl;lKk; gytPdk; milAk; Mgj;Jf;fisg; gw;wp vLj;Jf; $w Ntz;bapUe;jJ.

rpq;fsnkhopiag; gbf;fhJ rpq;fsj;jpy; NjHT vOjhJ filrptiu ,Ue;jtHfs;  ty;ntl;bj;Jiwiar; NrHe;j CopaHfs;. ',e;j cj;jpNahfk; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; vd;d? NtW ey;y njhopy; ,Uf;fNt ,Uf;fpwJ' vd;ghHfs;. mJ vd;d njhopy; vd;gij cq;fs; Cfj;Jf;F tpl;L tpLfpNwd;.

,e;j ,lj;jpy; murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fj;jpd; jiytuhf ,Ue;j rpthde;jRe;juk; (K. Sivananthasunderam) gw;wp NkYk; rpwpJ nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. mtHjhd; rq;fj;ij top elj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. vq;fistpl tajpy; %j;jtH. jPtpu njhopw;rq;fthjp. nghJ vOJtpidQH Nrit rq;fjpd; ePz;l fhy cWg;gpduhf ,Ue;jtH.  nfhz;l nfhs;ifia vspjpy; tpl;Lf; nfhLf;f khl;lhH. vijAk; Rw;wp tisf;fhJ Jzpr;rNyhL Neubahfr; nrhy;yptpLthH. ,jdhy; mtH xU gpbr;rpuhtp vd;w vz;zk; gyUf;F ,Ue;jJ.

'vd;id ehd; vg;gb ,Uf;fpNwNdh mjw;fhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ehd; ,g;gbj;jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W vjpHghHf;ff; $lhJ' ( Accept me as what I am, not as what I should be) vd;W mbf;fb $wpf;nfhs;thH.

jpU. rpthde;jRe;juk; mur Nritapy; ,Ue;J Xa;T ngw;wgpd;dH je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; jdpr; nrayhsuhf flikahw;wpdhH vd;gij Kd;dNu Fwpg;gpl;Ls;Nsd;.

gpd;dH jkpouRf; fl;rpNahL fUj;J Kuz;ghL fhuzkhf CHfhtj;Jiw eh.cWg;gpdH jpU. v];. etuj;jpdk; mjpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawp 1969 ,y; jkpoH Rahl;rpf; fofj;ij Njhw;Wtpj;jNghJ rpthde;jRe;juk; mtNuhL NrHe;J nfhz;lhH. mg;gbr; NrHe;Jnfhz;ltHfspy; ,d;iwa Njrpag; gl;bay; eh.cWg;gpdH. kh.f. <oNte;jd;> nr. NfhBRtud; Fwpg;gplj;jf;ftHfs;.

tl-fpof;if ,e;jpa mikjpg;gil Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j fhyj;jpy; (1987-1990) ifJ> nfhiy> rpj;jputij> ghypay; td;Kiw Nfl;Lf; Nfs;tpapd;wp ele;jd. Gypfs; ahH> nghJ kf;fs; ahH vd NtWgLj;jp ghHf;f Kbahj ,e;jpa ,uhZtk; fz;lgb kf;fis Rl;Lf; nfhd;wJ. =yq;fh ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdhy; elj;jhg;gl;l nfhiyfisAk; mlf;FKiwfisAk; jl;bf; Nfl;f aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;by; vz;gJ Kw;gFjpapy; ,Ue;J Fbkf;fs; FOf;fs; ,aq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jd.  mg;NghJ jpU. Nf. rpthde;jRe;juk;  ty;ntl;bj;Jiw Fbkf;fs; FOTf;F jiytuhf ,Ue;jhH. Mdhy; mjw;fhd tpiyia mtH ntF tpiutpy; nfhLf;f Ntz;bapUe;jJ.

1987 Ig;grp 21 ,y; tPukuzk; mile;j nyt;.Nfzy; re;Njhrk; (Nf.cikNerd;) mtHfsJ KjyhtJ epidTf; $l;lk; mupahiyapy; ele;jJ. mjpy; jpU. rpthde;jRe;juk; ciuahw;wp tpl;L ty;ntl;bj;Jiwf;F Ng&e;jpy; jpUk;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. Ng&e;J ty;iyntspapy; gazpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jNghJ ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;jpd; $ypfshd ,gpvy;MHvt; fhilaHfshy; mJ ,ilkwpf;fg;gl;lJ. mtHfs; mjpy; gazk; nra;j jpU. rpthde;jRe;juj;ij ntspapy; ,Oj;J Jg;ghfpahy; Rl;Lf; nfhd;whHfs;. ,gpvy;MHvt; $ypg;gilapd; kdpj Ntl;ilf;F gypahd Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhd mg;ghtp nghJ kf;fspy; jpU. rpthde;jRe;juKk; xUtH.

murhq;f vOJtpidQH rq;fk; njhlf;fg;gl;l ifNahL 'vOr;rp' vd;w ngaupy; xU jpq;fs; VL njhlf;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; Mrpupauhf ehd; epakpf;fg; gl;Nld;.

'vOr;rp' vd;w ngaiug; gupe;Jiu nra;jtH fyhepjp fNzrypq;fk; MthH. mur Nritapy; vOj;juhfr; NrHe;J gFjpNeuj;jpy; gbj;J Kd;Df;F te;jtH. cyf tq;fpapy; caH gjtp tFj;jtH. ey;y jkpo; czHthsH.

,yz;ld; gy;fiyf; fof KJfiyg; gl;lk; (nghUshjhuk;) ngw;w Kjy; Ie;J ,yq;ifaUk; jkpoHfs; MthHfs;. me;j Ie;J NgUk; mur Nritapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;Nl ntspthup khztHfshf gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngw;whHfs;.

mjpy; fyhepjp fNzrypq;fk; ePq;fyhf kw;wtHfs; jpU. rq;fug;gps;is (Kd;dhs; ,yq;if Nkhl;lhH Nghf;ftuj;J jpizf;fs MizahsH) jpU.,uhruj;jpdk; (nfhOk;G njhopy;El;gf; fy;Yhup tpupTiuahsH). kw;w ,UtHfsJ ngaH epidtpy; ,y;iy. ,jpy; jpU.rq;fug;gps;is kw;Wk; jpU. ,uhruj;jpdk; vdJ MrpupaHfshtH.

vOr;rp VL ngaUf;F xg;g kpf vOr;rpNahL ntspte;J nfhz;bUe;jJ. gj;NjhL gjpndhd;W Nghy; ,y;yhJ vOr;rp xU NtWgl;l cUtj;NjhLk; cs;slf;fj;NjhLk; ntspte;jJ. Mrpupa jiyaq;fk; #lhf ,Uf;Fk;. jpuhtpl ,af;f nry;thf;F fhuzkhf vdJ vOj;jpy; vJif Nkhid jhuhskhfTk; VuhskhfTk; ,lk; ngWk;.   

vOr;rp jkpo;j; Njrpaj;ij Kd;ndLg;gjpy; jPtpukhf ,Ue;jJ. jkpopdj;Jf;Fs; ,Ue;j Ie;jhk; gilia jaT jhl;rz;ak; ,d;wp NjhYupj;Jf; fhl;Ltjpy; Kk;kukhf <Lgl;lJ. Kf;fpakhf nghJ vOJ tpidQH rq;fj;jpd; ,uz;lfj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dUk; mjpy; njhlHe;J ,Ue;j jkpoHfisf; fLikahfr; rhbaJ.  mNj rkak; rpq;fs ,dthjj;ij mk;gyg;gLj;JtjpYk; fUj;jhf ,Ue;jJ. RUf;fkhfr; nrhd;dhy; mJ xU njhopw;rq;fj;jpd; Vlhf ,y;yhky; 'Rje;jpud;' fpoik Vl;bd; ,d;ndhU  gjpg;ghf ntspte;J nfhz;bUe;jJ.

vdJ vOj;Jg; gazj;Jf;F vOr;rpjhd; fsk; mikj;Jj; je;jJ. ePjpkd;wj;jpy; NfhBRtud; tof;F ele;J nfhz;bUe;jNghJ mjid jkpopy; nkhopngaHj;J vOr;rpapy; njhlHr;rpahf  ntspapl;Nld;. me;j nkhop ngaHg;G gl;lwpT gpw;fhyj;jpy; ifnfhLj;jJ. njhz;ZhW gpw;gFjpapy; RNu\; khzpf;fthrfUf;F vjpuhd  ePjpkd;w thof;F tprhuizapd; Kf;fpa gFjpfis cyfj;jkpoH ,jOf;fhf ehd;jhd; jkpopy; nkhopngaHj;Njd;. mLj;j fpoik NfhBRtud; tof;Fg; gw;wp vOJNtd;. (gazk; njhlUk;)  


 td;dpr; nryT (16) 

ahg;G tpjp 29f;F nfhs;sp itj;j NjhoH nfhy;tpd; MH.b. rpy;th!

ef;fPud;

rpq;fsk; gbg;gjpy;iy vd;w Kbtpdhy; jkpo; mur CopaHfs; fLikahd ghjpg;Gf;Fs;shdhHfs;.

ehd; Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;lgb rpq;fs muir tpl rpq;fs mur CopaHfNs rpq;fs nkhopia eilKiwg;gLj;j xw;iwf; fhypy; epd;whHfs;.

rpq;fs CopaHfs; rpyUf;F rpq;fsnkhopj; NjHr;rp ,y;yhky; ,Ue;jJ. mtHfs; NtW topapd;wp Mq;fpyj;jpy; Fwpg;Gfis vOjpdhHfs;. mg;gbg;gl;ltHfs; rpq;fs nkhop ntwpaHfshy; rpq;fs nkhop eilKiwf;F vjpuhd rjpfhuHfs; vd tir ghlg;gl;lhHfs;.

nts;sk; jiyf;F Nky; VWtij czHe;j ehq;fs; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpd; nry;Yk; nry;yhj; jd;ikia vjpHj;J ePjpkd;wj;Jf;Fg; Nghdhy; vd;d vd;W Nahrpj;Njhk;. 

rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; rl;lk; ehlhSkd;w tpthjj;jpd; NghJ me;jr; rl;lk; murpay; ahg;gpd; tpjp 29ia kPWtjhf cs;sJ vd jkpouRf; fl;rp kl;Lky;y md;iwa vjpHfl;rp tupirapy; ,Ue;j ,lJrhupf; fl;rpfSk; thjpl;ld.

rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; rl;lk; jkpo; CopaHfisr; rpq;fsk; gbf;f fl;lhag;gLj;jpaJ Nghy; tl-fpof;fpy; flikahw;Wk; rpq;fs CopaHfs; jkpo; gbf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lhag;gLj;jtpy;iy. ,J rpq;fs r%fj;Jf;F xU ePjpAk; jkpo; r%fj;Jf;F ,d;ndhU ePjpAk; toq;FtJ MFk;. mJ tpjp 29 ia kPWtJ Jyhk;gukhfj; njupe;jJ.

rpf;fy;fs;  vJthf ,Ue;jhYk; mtw;iw je;ij nry;tehafj;jplk;jhd; nfhz;L NghNthk;. mtuJ tPl;Lf;F fjNt ,y;iy. mJ Nghy mtuJ ,jaf; fjTf;Fk; G+l;by;iy.

jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;ijAk; mjd; fPo; tpLf;fg;gl;l jpiwr;Nrup mwpf;ifAk; ,yq;ifapd; ahg;G tpjp 29f;F KuzhdJ vd tof;F itf;Fk; Nahridia mtuplk; nrhd;Ndhk;. tof;if nty;y Kbahtpl;lhYk; jdpr; rpq;fsj;Jf;F vjpuhf ePjpkd;wj;ij xU Nkilahfg; gad;gLj;j mJ gad;gLk; vd;gJ vkJ thjkhFk;. 

je;ij nry;tehafk; ahH vijr; nrhd;dhYk; kzpf; fzf;fpy; nghWikahff; Nfl;Fk; kdg; gf;Ftk; cilatH. Nfl;Ltpl;L Nehiar; nrhd;d ePq;fNs mjw;fhd kUe;ijAk; nrhy;Yq;fs; vd;W Nfl;ghH. Mdhy; ,k; Kiw mtNu ve;jf; Nfs;tpAkpd;;wp vq;fis jpU.K.jpUr;nry;tk;> fpA+.rp. mtHfsplk; mDg;gp itj;jhH.

Mdhy; mtUf;F cs;Su jkpo; kf;fsJ murpay; cupikfis ePjpkd;wq;fspy; tof;fhbg; ngwyhk; vd;w ek;fpf;if ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mjw;F gy NjHjy; tof;Ffs; kw;Wk; ,yq;if FbAupikr; rl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhd tof;F (nfhlfd;gps;is tof;F) Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;.

md;iwa fhy fl;lj;jpy;  gy jkpoHfs; rl;lj;Jiwapy; nfhbfl;bg; gwe;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. jpU.K.jpUr;nry;tj;ij Nghy gyH fpA+.rp. Mf ,Ue;jhHfs;.

jpU. v];.N[.tp. nry;tehafk;> jpU.[p.[p.nghd;dk;gyk;> jpU. v];.eNlrd;> jpU.gp. etuj;jpduhrh> jpU. rp. ,uq;fehjd; ,g;gb xU ePz;l fpA+.rp. gl;bay; ,Ue;jJ.

jpU.jpUnry;tj;NjhL ele;j rl;l MNyhridia mLj;J jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpw;F vjpuhfTk; mjd; fPo; rk;gs caHit kWj;J tpLf;fg;gl;l jpiwr;Nrup Rw;wwpf;iff;F vjpuhfTk; tof;F itg;gJ vd KbthfpaJ. mtUf;F cjtpahf jpU. rp.,uq;fehjd;> fpa+.rp jpU. mz;lTl; ,g;gb ,UgJ Kg;gJ rl;lj;juzpfs;  ve;jtpj CopaKk; thq;fhky; tof;if elj;j Kd;te;jhHfs;.

murhq;f vOJ tpidQH rq;fg; nghJr; nrayH jpU..,.ghyRg;gpukzpak; tof;fpw;F Ntz;ba Mtzq;fis NjLtJ> rhl;rpaq;fis xOq;F gLj;JtJ> rl;lj;juzpfisr; re;jpg;gJ Nghd;w nghWg;Gf;fis jdpNa jiyapy; Rke;J nfhz;L fhy Neuk; ghuhJ Xb Xbg; gzpahw;wpdhH. 

tof;fpy; KiwaPl;lhsuhf tUtjw;F %d;W ehd;F NgH Kd;te;jhHfs;. gpd;dH gae;J gpd;thq;fp tpl;lhHfs;. muRf;F vjpuhf mjw;F Kd;dH ve;j CopaUk; tof;fhltpy;iy. epHthf tpjpfs; mjw;F ,lk; nfhLf;ftpy;iy. tpjpia kPWgtHfs; Ntiyia ,of;Fk; mghak; ,Ue;jJ.

mLj;J vd;d nra;ayhk; vd Nahrpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jNghJ NfhBRtuidf; Nfl;Lg; ghHf;fyhk; vd vz;zpNdhk;.. mtH mg;NghJ Nffhiy njhopy; jpizf;fsj;jpy; Ntiy nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhH. mtiuf; Nfl;l NghJ kW Ngr;R ,y;yhky; ,uz;nlhU ehspy; nfhOk;Gf;F te;J cupa ePjpkd;w KiwaPl;L Mtzq;fspy; ifnaOj;Jg; Nghl;Lf; nfhLj;Jtpl;L jpUk;gpg; Ngha;tpl;lhH.

,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; NfhBRtuDf;F rpq;fsk; jiyfuzkhfj; njupAk;. mtuJ je;ijahH xU fhyj;jpy; khj;jisapy; Ntiy ghHj;J te;jhH. NfhBRtud; mq;Fs;s Muk;gg; gs;spg; $lj;jpy; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jNghNj rpq;fsj;ij vOjTk; NgrTk; rpd;d tajpNyNa Kiwahff; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. ,e;jr; nra;jp mtUf;F neUf;fkhd xU rpyUf;F kl;LNk njupe;jpUe;jJ. 

jpU.NfhBRtuid vdf;F 1957 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; njupAk;. ,uz;L NgUk; jpUkiyf; fr;Nrup fhzpg;gpuptpy; mUfUNf ,Ue;J gzp nra;Njhk;.

Fb ,Ue;jJk; xd;whfj;jhd;. Kd;dhs; jpUkiy ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdH vd;.MH. ,uhrtNuhjak; tPl;L tsTf;Fs; ,Ue;j ,d;ndhU rpwpa tPl;by; ehq;fs; Fb ,Ue;Njhk;. mg;NghJ NfhBRtud; ,yz;ld; ,sq;fiyg; gl;lg; gbg;G NjHT vOj tPl;by; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH.

jpU.,uhrtNuhjak; mtHfsJ njhFjp njhlHghd gzpfSf;F ehq;fs; ,u;zL NgUk; cjtpahf ,Ue;Njhk;.

NfhBRtuDf;Fk; vdf;Fk; murpay;> r%fk; njhlHghf xj;j fUj;Jk; fz;Nzhl;lKk; ,Ue;jJ. vd;idg; NghyNt mtUk; xU gFj;jwpTthjp. Mq;fpyk; jkpo; ,uz;bYk; ed;whfg; NgrTk; vOjTk; ty;ytH. rl;lf; fy;Yhupapy; NrHe;J gbj;J ntspNawp rllj;juzpahf aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ePz;l fhyk; njhopy; nra;J tUfpwhH.

vz;gJf;Fg; gpd;dH mtNuhL ,Ue;j njhlHG tpl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. ,k;Kiw aho;g;ghzj;jpy; mtiu re;jpf;f vLj;j Kaw;rpAk; if$ltpy;iy.

tof;F tprhuiz khtl;l ePjpgjp O.L. de Kretzer  (Jr). Kd;dpiyapy; ePz;l fhyk; eil ngw;wJ. Vuhskhd rhl;rpfs;  tof;fhsp rhHghfTk; muR rhHghfTk; rhl;rpak; mspj;jhHfs;. tof;fhsp rhHgpy; rhl;rpak; mspj;jtHfspy; jpU.K.rptrpjk;guKk; gh.c. Tk; xUtH. mtiu mur rl;lkh mjpgH tpf;lH njd;df;Nfhd; fLikaff; FWf;F tprhuiz nra;jJ vdf;F ,d;Dk; epidtpy; ,Uf;fpwJ.  tpf;lH njd;df;Nfhd; gpw;fhyj;jpy; cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kjd;ik ePgjpahf epakpf;fg;gl;lhH.

,e;j tof;F murpay; kw;Wk; rl;lj;Jiw tl;lq;fspy; gugug;ghf Ngrg;gl;lJ. rpq;fs muirg; nghWj;jstpy; tof;F xU khdg; gpur;rpid Mfp tpl;lJ. mg;NghJ jpUkjp. =khNth gz;lhuehaf;fhjhd; gpujkuhf ,Ue;jhH.

tprhuiz Kbtpy; (1964) ePjpaurH O.L. de Kretzer (Jr)   NfhBRtuDf;F rhjfkhf  jPHg;G toq;fpdhH.

NfhBRtuid rpq;fsk; gbf;f muR tw;GWj;JtJ mtH mur Nritapy; NrUk; NghJ nra;J nfhz;l Nrit xg;ge;jj;jpw;F KuzhdJ.  vdNt rpq;fsk; gbf;FkhW mtiu muR tw;GWj;j KbahJ. mtuJ rk;gs caHitAk; epWj;jp itf;f  KbahJ vdj; jPHg;gpy; Fwpg;gpl;lhH. NkYk;  jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; ,yq;ifapd; ahg;G tpjp 29f;F KuzhdJ. xU r%fj;Jf;F (rpq;fstH) ed;ikahfTk; ,d;ndhU r%fj;Jf;F (jkpoHfSf;F) ghjfkhfTk; mJ ,Uf;fpwJ. vdNt jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; rl;lj;jpy; gOjhdJ (bad in law)  vdj; jPHg;G vOjpdhH. 

,e;j jPHg;ig muR jug;G vjpHghHf;ftpy;iy. Fwpg;ghf jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; rl;lj;jpy; gOjhdJ vd;W ePjpkd;wk; jPHg;Gf; $Wk; vd;W mtHfs; nfhQ;rKk; vjpHghHf;ftpy;iy.

clNd muR cr;r ePjpkd;wj;Jf;F Nkd;KiwaPL nra;jJ. Kjd;ik ePjpaurH vr;.vd;.[p. ngHdhe;J kw;Wk; ePjpaurH [p.gp.V. rpy;th Kd;dpiyapy; tof;F tprhuizf;F vLj;Jf; nfhsg;gl;lJ. muR rhHgpy; Nthy;lH n[atHj;jdh fpA+.rp. Ak; tof;fhsp NfhBRtud; rhHgpy; rp. ,uq;fehjd;> fpA+.rp. Ak; Njhd;wp thjhbdhHfs;.

cr;r ePjpkd;w ePjpaurHfs; ,UtUk; khtl;l ePjpgjpapd; jPHg;ig js;sp itj;J jPHg;gspj;jhHfs;. ,e;jj; jPHg;G 1967 ,y; toq;fg;gl;lJ. xU mur CopaUf;F muRkPJ tof;Fj; njhlu cupik ,y;iy. fhuzk; mg;gbg;gl;l xUtH cj;jpNahfk; ghHg;gNj murpd; jatpy;jhd; (At the pleasure of the crown).  jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;ijg; nghWj;jstpy; me;jr; rl;lk; gw;wpa fUj;Jf; $WtJ mdhtrpak; vd;W ePjpaurHfs; jq;fs; jPHg;gpy; $wpdhHfs;.

NfhBRtud; tof;fpy; muRf;F vjpuhf jPHg;gspj;j ePjpaurH O.L. de Kretzer (Jr)  ia =khNth muR gopthq;fpaJ. mtUf;Fupa cr;r ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpg; gjtp filrptiu nfhLf;fg;gltpy;iy.

vq;;fisg; nghWj;jstpy; ,e;jj; jPHg;G vjpHghHf;fg;gl;l xd;Wjhd;. NkYk; ePjpkd;wq;fspy; ePjpiag; ngwyhk; vd;w ek;gpf;if vq;fSf;F vg;NghJk;  ,Uf;ftpy;iy. rpq;fsr; rl;lj;jpy; jkpoHfSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l mePjpia cyFf;Ff; fhl;lNt mjid vjpHj;J tof;fhbNdhk;.

xU MWjy;. ,e;jj; jPHg;G cr;r ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpfs; $l rl;lj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,y;yhJ KOf;f KOf;f ,dthj murpay; mbg;gilapy;jhd;  jPHg;G toq;FthHfs; mJ elf;ff; $baJjhd; vd;w jkpo;kf;fsJ vz;zj;ij nka;g;gpf;f cjtpaJ. 

,Ue;Jk; cr;r ePjpkd;wj; jPHg;ig vjpHj;J ,yz;ldpy;  cs;s  Privy  Council  f;F Nkd;KiwaPL nra;ag;gl;lJ. nryitr; rupf;fl;l jkpo; mur CopaHfs; jq;fsJ xU khj rk;gsj;ij nfhLj;J cjtpdhHfs;. nghJ kf;fSk; jhuhskhf epjpAjtp nra;jhHfs;.

gpupj;jhdpahtpy; mg;NghJ kpfTk; gpugykhf ,Ue;j tof;FiuQH  Dingle Foot, QC kw;Wk; gy tof;fwpQHfs; mkHj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. mtHfSf;F cjtpahf jpU. rp. ,uq;fehjd; fpA+.rp. ,yz;ld; NghdhH.

gpupj;jhdpa cr;r ePjpkd;wk; NfhBRtud; Nkd;KiwaPl;il Vw;Wf; nfhz;L mur CopaH xUtH jdJ rk;gs epYitiaf; Nfl;L muRf;F vjpuhf tof;Fj; njhluyhk;>  me;j cupik mtUf;F ,Uf;fpwJ vdj; jPHg;gspj;jJ.

jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;ijg; nghWj;jstpy; mJ  ahg;G tpjp 29,d; gpufhuk; nry;YgbahFkh ,y;iyah vd;gij ,yq;if cr;r ePjpkd;wk; tprhupj;J jPHg;Gf; $w Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; gzpj;jJ.

kPz;Lk; 1970 ,y; Ml;rpf;F te;j =khNth gz;lhuehaf;fh 1972 ,y; Gjpa murpay; ahg;igf; nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wpdhH. mjd;NghJ Nrhy;ngup murpay; ahg;Gk; tpjp 29 Mk; nrj;njhope;jJ. mjw;F nfhs;sp itj;jtH ahg;G tptfhuq;fSf;F nghWg;ghf ,Ue;j mikr;rH  nfhy;tpd; MH.b.rpy;thjhd;!

1956 ,y; jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;l %yk; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; tpthjpf;fg;gl;l NghJ 'xU nkhop ,uz;L ehL ,uz;L nkhop xU ehL' vd jpUtha;kyHe;j mNj Trotskyite NjhoH  nfhy;tpd; MH.b. rpy;thjhd;! (gazk; njhlUk;)


 

td;dpr; nryT (17)

kiyafj; jkpoupd; FbAupik thf;Fupik gwpg;Gf;F JizNghd jkpoHfs;!

ef;fPud;

'kpfTk; nrq;Fj;jhd ,lq;fspy; $l;lk; $l;lkhf ngz;fs; epd;W nfhz;L kpfTk; ,yhtfkhf Njapiyf; nfhOe;ijg; gwpj;J $ilapy; epug;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,yq;ifg; nghUshjhuj;jpd; KJnfYk;G ,e;j kiyafj; njhopyhsHfs;jhd;. Njapiyj; Njhl;lq;fs; fz;Zf;Ff; FspHr;rpahf ,Ue;jJ' vd;W vOjpNdd; (ghfk; 12) my;yth?

me;jf; fhl;rpia czHr;rpf; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; 'jkpor;rp' vd;w ftpij %yk; tbj;Jj; je;jJ epidTf;F te;jJ.

,yq;if kiyjdpNy... jkpor;rp! 
   vd;d Januyhk; fhZfpd;whab!
Koq;if typj;jplNt Njapiy
   Kisfs; gwpj;J Kfk; rptg;ghak;kh!
tpyq;Fk; cwq;fpepw;Fk; rhkj;jpy; 
   tpopj;J neLkiy Vwp ,wq;Ftha;!
goq;fs; gOj;jplhNjh cd; fhypy;?
   gr;irf; FUjpePH ghahNjh fz;kzp?

fhiyg; gdpeidtha;! vd;dk;kh...
   fha;e;J eLntapy; jdpNy fUFtha;;
ghiy epide;jOthd; cd; gps;is...
   ghtp ntWk; Kiy epide;jOthab!
Vio mbikab jkpor;rp!
   ,q;NfhH jkpOly; VndLj;jhak;kh?
Cio epide;joNth? jkpodpd;
   cupik ,yhepiy vz;zp moNthb?

fhl;L kiyjdpNy.. jkpor;rp!
   fhyk; KOtJk; eP cioj;njd;db?
Xl;ilf; Fbirnahd;Wk; tho;tpNy
   Xah tWikAk; NehAk; ,itad;wp
Njl;lk; vJgilj;jha;? mb xU 
   nrk;Gg; gzNkDk; NjwpaJz;Nlhb?
ehl;bd; KJnfYk;Ng jkpor;rp!
  ehdpyk; thoeP khs;tNjh mk;kh?

kfhftp ghujpahUk; gw;gy jPtpDk; gutpa vspa jkpor; rhjp jbAij Az;Lk; grpahy; nkype;Jk;  gpzpahw; nrj;Jk; kbe;j Vioj; njhopyhsHfisg; gw;wp ghl kwf;ftpy;iy.

'G+kpg; ge;jpd; fPo;g;Gwj; Js;s
gw;gy jPtpDk; gutp apt;ntspa
jkpor; rhjp jbAij Az;Lk;
fhYij Az;Lk;  fapw;wb Az;Lk;
tUe;jpLQ; nra;jpAk; kha;e;jpLQ; nra;jpAk;
ngz;biu kpNyr;rH gpupj;jply; nghwhJ
nrj;jpLQ; nra;jpAk; grpahw; rhjYk;
gpzpahw; rhjYk; ngUe;njhif As;sjhk;
ehl;bidg; gpupe;j eyptpdhw; rhjYk;
,/njyhk; Nfl;Lk; vdJsk; mope;jpNyd;...'
 (ghujpahH ghly;fs; - jkpor; rhjp)

njhopyhsHfsJ ciog;igr; Ruz;LtJ vd;gJ Kjyhspj;Jt nghUshjhu mikg;gpy; ,aw;ifahdJ. Mdhy; kiyafj; njhopyhsHfs; Ruz;lg;gl;lJ Nghy; NtW ahUNk cyf tuyhw;wpy; Ruz;lg;gl;lJ fpilahJ.

njhopyhsHfs; vd;w fhuzj;jhy; Ruz;lg;gl;ljw;F Nkyhf mtHfs; jkpoHfshfg; gpwe;j Fw;wj;Jf;fhfTk; ,d mbg;gilapy; mtHfsJ cupikfs; gwpf;fg;gl;ld. murpay; kl;lj;jpy; gop thq;fg;gl;lhHfs;.

,yq;iff;F ,e;jpa njhopyhsHfspd; Kjy; njhFjp tUif 1837 Mk; Mz;bNyNa njhlq;fpaJ. ,jidj; njhlHe;J 1939 Mk; Mz;Ltiu njhFjp njhFjpahf te;J NrHe;jhHfs;. Mdhy; mNj Mz;L ,e;jpah ifj;jpwd; mw;w njhopyhspfs; (unskilled labour) ,yq;iff;F ,lk; ngaHtjw;F jil tpjpj;jJ. ,UgJfspy; thf;Fupik FbapUg;G kw;Wk; nrhj;Jupik mbg;gilapy; ,Ue;jJ. 1924 ,y; ,e;ejpa tk;rhtopapdupd; vz;zpf;if 204>997 Mf ,Ue;jJ. ,J nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 4 tpOf;fhlhFk;.

,e;jpa tk;rhtopapduJ thf;Fupik gw;wp xUNghJk; rr;ruT ,Ue;jjpy;iy. fhuzk; ,e;jpa - ,yq;if ,uz;L ehLfSk; gpupj;jhdpa NguuRf;F cl;gl;l ehLfshf ,Ue;jjhy; ,U rhuhUNk gpupj;jhdpa Nguurpd; fPo; xj;j cupik cila Fbkf;fs;  (British subjects)  Mf ,Ue;jhHfs;.

1946 Mk; Mz;by; vLf;fg;gl;l kf;fs; njhiff; fzpg;gpd; gb ,e;jpa tk;rhtopj; jkpoHfsJ vz;zpf;if 780>000 (11.7) MFk;.  ,yq;ifj; jkpoHfsJ vz;zpf;if 733>731 (11.0) MFk;. vdNt jkpoHfsJ nkhj;j tpOf;fhL 22.7 MFk;.

Mdhy; ,yq;if Rje;jpuk; ngw;w mNj Mz;L b.v];. Nrdehaf;fh nfhz;L te;J  epiwNtw;wpa FbAupik rl;lj;jpd; (vz; 18 -1948)  fPo; vl;L ,yl;rk; kiyafj; jkpoHfsJ FbAupik gwpf;fg;gl;lJ.

FbAupikr; rl;lj;jpw;F Mjuthf Nrdehaf;fhtpd; mikr;ruitapy; tzpfj;Jiw  miikr;ruhf ,Ue;j jpU. rp.Re;juypq;fk; kw;Wk; mQ;ry; njhiyj; njhlHG mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j rp.j;jpuNtY rpw;wk;gyk; MfpNahH Mjupj;J thf;fspj;jhHfs;!

vjpHj;J jpUthsHfs; v];.N[.tp. nry;tehafk;> [p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk;> rp. td;dparpq;fsk;> v];.rptghyd;> v];.njhz;ilkhd;> [p.MH.Nkhj;jh> Nf.,uhrypq;fk;> b. ,uhkD[k;> v];.vk;. Rg;igah> rp.tp. NtYg;gps;is> rpq;fs cWg;gpdHfshd I.vk;.MH.V. ,upanfhy> tpy;kl; ngNuuh> vr;.= eprq;fh> NrhktPu re;jpurpwp kw;Wk; ,lJrhupf; fl;rp cWg;gpdHfs; thf;fspj;jhHfs;.

ehlhSkd;w tpthjj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;L Ngrpa  je;ij nry;tehafk; ',d;W fj;jp kiyafj; jkpoHfsJ fOj;Jf;F itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mLj;J ,yq;ifj; jkpoHfs; ,yf;F itf;fg;gLk; fhyk; ntF njhiytpy; ,y;iy' vd;w rhug;gl  NgrpdhH.

jpU.[p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk; FbAupik rl;lj;jpw;F vjpuhf thf;fspj;jhH. Mdhy; mtH vjpHj;Jg; Ngrtpy;iy. fhuzk; mg;NghJ mtH Nrdehaf;fh mikr;ruitapy; NrUtjw;F jpiukiwT Ngr;R thHj;ijapy; Kk;kukhf <Lgl;bUe;jhH!

,d;iwa jkpo;f; fhq;fpu]; jiytHfs; [p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk; kiyafj; jkpoHfisf; fhl;bf; nfhLf;ftpy;iy FbAupikr; rl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhf mtH  thf;fspj;jhH vd khH jl;LfpwhHfs;.

Mdhy; mg;gb vjpHj;J thf;fspj;j mtH XupU khjq;fspy; ve;j rpq;fs muR FbAupikr; rl;lj;ijf; nfhz;Lte;J epiwNtw;wp kiyafj; jkpoHfis ehlw;wtHfshf Mf;fpaNjhL mNj murpy; mikr;ruhfp tpl;lij kwe;JtpLfpwhHfs;. jpU.nghd;dk;gyj;jpd;  Fj;Jf;fuzk; mtuJ murpay; fw;igf; fhl;Ltjhf ,y;iy.

,yq;iff; FbAupikr; rl;l tiuT 1948 fhHj;jpif 15,y; rl;lkhf;fg;gl;lJ. jkpo;f; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpapy; ,Ue;J gpupe;J Nghd je;ij nry;tehafk; jkpouRf; fl;rpia mNj Mz;L khHfop 18 md;W njhlf;fpdhH. mtH kl;Lk; nghd;dk;gyj;NjhL xj;Jg; NghapUe;jhy; my;yJ rypj;Jg;Ngha; murpaiyj; Jwe;jpUe;jhy; jkpopdj;jpd; fjp mNjhfjpahfg; NghapUf;Fk;. 

'gl;l fhNy gLk; nfl;l FbNa nfLk;' vd;gJ Nghy mLj;j Mz;L (1949) ,d;ndhU Ngupb kiya kfs;s; jiyapy; tpOe;jJ. 1946 Mk; Mz;L thf;Fupik njhlHghd mitapd; fl;lisf;F (1946 Order in Council on Franchise )  xU jpUj;jk; (Ceylon (Parliamentary elections) Amendment Act No.48 of 1949 ) nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ.

,jd; fPo; FbAupik mw;wtHfs; NjHjy; ,lhg;Gfspy; jq;fsJ ngaHfis gjpT nra;Ak; cupik gwpf;fg;gl;lJ.

jpUj;j tpjp (4)(1) ntWkNd nrhy;ypaJ ',yq;if FbAupik ,y;yhj xUtH jdJ ngaiu ve;jnthU Mz;bYk; ve;jnthU NjHjy; ,lhg;gpYk; gjpT nra;aNth my;yJ itj;jpUf;fNth jFjpAs;stH Mf khl;lhH.'  (Section (4) (1) simply stated " No person shall be qualified to have his name entered or retained in any register of elections in any year if such person is not a citizen of Ceylon." )

,e;jr; NjHjy; rl;l jpUj;jj;jpw;F Vw;fdNt Nrdehaf;fh mikr;ruitapy; kPd;gpb ifj;njhopy; mikr;ruhf gjtp tfpj;j jpU. [p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk;> Jiz fy;tp mikr;rH vk;. fdfuj;jpdk;> tp.Fkhurhkp MfpNahH Mjupj;J thf;fspj;jhHfs;.

kiyafj; jkpoHfsJ thf;Fupikiag; gwpf;Fk; NjHjy; jpUj;j rl;lj;jpw;F thf;fspj;jjd; %yk; kiyafj; jkpoHfis jpU.nghd;dk;gyk; ,uNthL ,uthf murpay; mdhijfshf;fpa Gz;zpaj;ijj; Njbf; nfhz;lhH. mtuJ nray; FbAupikr; rl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhf thf;fspj;jNghJ mij mtH ,jaRj;jpNahL nra;atpy;iy vd;gijAk; mk;gyg;gLj;jpaJ.

kiyaf kf;fsJ thf;Fupikiag; gwpf;Fk; rl;l jpUj;jj;ij Mjupj;J jpU. nghd;dk;gyk; thf;fspj;jjd; %yk; mtH 1947 Mk; Mz;L vOj;jpy; kiyafj; jkpoHfspd; eyd;fs; fhg;ghw;wg;gLk; vd;W ,yq;if ,e;jpa fhq;fpuRf;F nfhLj;jpUe;j fPo;f; fz;l thf;FWjpfis fhw;wpy; gwf;f tpl;lhH.

1) thf;Fupikf;fhd jFjp MW khj rhjhuz tjptplj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; fzpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

2) ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; Ie;J Mz;L tho;e;j xUtH epue;jukhf ,Uf;f tpUk;gpd; mtUf;F Vida kf;fisg; Nghy; KOf; FbAupikf;F cupj;Jilatuhff; fzpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

3) Nkw;fz;l epge;jidfspd; fPo; FbAupik ngw Kbahj xUtH vjpHfhyj;jpy; me;j cupikfisg; ngWtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;l Ntz;Lk;.

kiyafj; jkpoHfs; 1931> 1936 ele;j rl;lrigj; NjHjy;fspYk; 1947 Mk; Mz;L ele;j ehlhSkd;wj; NjHjypYk; thf;fspj;jtHfs;.

1947 ,y; ele;j NjHjypy; 7 njhFjpfspy; kiyafj; jkpo; Ntl;ghsHfs; ntw;wp ngw;whHfs;. mtHfsJ thf;Fg; gyj;jhy; ,lJrhupfSk;>   rk[kh[p fl;rp fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp ,uz;Lk; 12-15  njhFjpfspy; nty;yf; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ.

gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,yq;ifj; njhopyhsH fhq;fpurpd; Kb#lh kd;ddhf tpsq;fpa rTa%Hj;jp njhz;ilkhd; 1947 Mk; Mz;L  ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F ele;j NjHjypy; EtNuypah njhFjp cWg;gpduhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

1913 Mk; Mz;L jkpo;ehl;by; gpwe;j ,th 1924 Mk; Mz;L jdJ 11tJ mfitapy; ,yq;if te;jhH. mtuJ je;ijahH fq;fhzpahf xU Njhl;lj;jpy; Ntiy ghHj;jhH. jdJ fbd ciog;ghy; ehsiltpy; xU Njhl;lj;Jf;F nrhe;jf;fhudhfTk; caHe;J tpl;lhH. jpU. njhz;ilkhd; 1940 ,y; ,yq;if ,e;jpa fhq;fpurpd; fk;gfh khtl;l tuNtw;Gf; FOj; jiytuhf njupT nra;ag;gl;l ifNahL mtuJ murpay; tUif njhlq;fpaJ.  

Nrhy;ngup Mizf;FOTf;F (Soulbury Commission) rkHg;gpj;j mikr;ruitapd; ahg;G tiutpy; nkhj;jk; 95 Mrdq;fs; nfhz;l ehlhSkd;wj;jpy;-

rpq;fstHfSf;F        -       57 (60 tpOf;fhL)

,yq;ifj; jkpoHfSf;F  -       15 (16 tpOf;fhL)

kiyafj; jkpoHfSf;F  -       14 (15 tpOf;fhL)

K];ypk;fSf;F         -        8 (9 tpOf;fhL)

xJf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; rpq;fstHfSf;F %d;wpy; ,uz;L ngUk;ghd;ik fpilf;fhJ vdTk; vz;zg;gl;lJ.

Mdhy; 1947 Mk; Mz;L NjHjy; KbTfs; Kw;wpYk; NtW tpjkhf mike;jJ.

rpq;fstH        -    68 Mrdq;fs; (71 tpOf;fhL)
,yq;ifj; jkpoH 
-    13 Mrdq;fs; (13.68 tpOf;fhL)
kiyafj; jkpoH  -     7  Mrdq;fs; (7.24 tpOf;fhL)
K];ypk;fs;      -     7 Mrdq;fs; (7.36 tpOf;fhL)

kiyafj; jkpoHfsJ FbAupik thf;Fupik gwpf;fg;gl;ljw;F %d;W Kf;fpa fhuzq;fisf; $wyhk;.

(1) ,d mbg;gilapy; jkpoHfsJ ehlhSkd;wg; gyj;ijf; Fiwj;jy;

(2) tHf;f mbg;gilapy; mtHfs; njhopyhsHfs; vd;gjhy; KjyhspfsJ Ml;rpf;F vg;nghOJk; mtHfs; mr;RWj;jyhf ,Ug;ghHfs;  vd;w fzpg;G.

(3) ,lJrhupfs; Ml;rpf;F te;JtpLthHfNsh vd;W b.v];. Nrdehaf;fhtpw;F ,Ue;j gak;.

ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F ele;j KjyhtJ NjHjypy; (1947) nkhj;j 95 ,Uf;iffs; Nrdehaf;fhtpd;  If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpf;F 42 Mrdq;fNs fpilj;jpUe;jd. ,lJrhupf; fl;rpfs; 20 ,Uf;iffs; Nky; ifg;gw;wpapUe;jd. 

kiyaf kf;fsJ FbAupik thf;Fupik gwpNghdjd; tpisthf 1952,y; eilngw;w NjHjypy; kiyafj;jpy; ,Ue;J xU ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdiuf; $lj; njupT nra;a KbahJ Ngha;tpl;lJ.

,jdhy; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; (1952) jkpoHfsJ gyk; 20 ,y; ,Ue;J 12 Mff; Fiwe;jJ. mNj rkak; rpq;fstHfsJ gyk; 68 ,y; ,Ue;J 75 Mf caHe;jJ.

,jw;F Kd;dH 1931 ,y; nlhd%H ahg;gpd; fPo; rl;lrigf;F ele;j NjHjypy; jpU.v];.gp. itj;jpypq;fk;> jpU. ngup.Re;juk; MfpNahH njupT nra;ag; gl;lhHfs;.

1939 Mk; Mz;L ,uz;L Kf;fpa jPHkhdq;fs; rl;lrigapy;  Kd;nkhopag;gl;ld. njhopw;fl;rpj; jiytUk; rpq;fs njhopw;rq;fthjpAkhd jpU. V.,. Fzrpq;fh 15>000 ,e;jpa tk;rhtopj; njhopyhsHfis ehLflj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;w jPHkhdj;ijf; nfhz;L te;jhH. ,Nj Nghy; b.v];. Nredhaf;fh 1934 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpwF mur gzpapy; mkHj;jg;gl;l CopaHfspy; 10 Mz;L fhyj;Jf;F Fiwthd gzpahsHfs; Ntiy ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;w jPHkhdj;ij Kd; nkhope;jhH.

,jidj; njhlHe;J ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; jiytHfspy; xUtuhd [tfHyhy; NeU ,yq;if te;J ,e;jpaj; jkpoHfs; midtiuAk; xd;W jpul;b ,yq;if ,e;jpa fhq;fpuir njhlf;fp itj;jhH.  

1964 Ig;grp khjj;jpy;  =khNth -rh];jpup cld;ghL ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;lJ. ,jd; cld;gbf;ifapd; fPo; 375>000 ,e;jpa tk;rhtopapdUf;F FbAupik toq;fTk;> 600>000 Ngiu ,e;jpahTf;F ehL flj;jTk; xg;Gf;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. ,tHfspy; ngUk;ghNyhH ,yq;ifapy; gpwe;jtHfs;. ,e;jpa kz;izNa njhl;Lg; ghHf;fhjtHfs;.

1965 Mk; Mz;L gjtpf;F te;j If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp jkpouRf; fl;rpapd; cjtpAld; 600>000 kiyafj; njhopyhsHfis mtHfsJ tpUg;gj;Jf;F khwhf njhFjp njhFjpahf ehL flj;jpaJ.

,jdhy; jkpoHfsJ nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifg; gyKk; thf;Fg; gyKk; tPo;r;rp fz;lJ.

kiyaf kf;fis mtHfs; Ntiy nra;j Njhl;lq;fspy; ,Ue;J Juj;Jtjw;F trjpahf Njapiyj; Njhl;lq;fis =khNth muR ehl;Llikahf;fpaJ. mjidj; njhlHe;J jkpo;j; njhopyhsHfis gytpj  je;jpuq;fisf; ifahz;L muR mtHfis Njhl;lq;fspy; ,Ue;J Juj;jpaJ. fhyj;Jf;F fhyk; ,lk; ngw;w ,df; fytuq;fspd; NghJk; kiyafj; jkpoHfs; mtHfs; jkpoHfs; vd;w fhuzj;jpdhy; rpq;fsf; fhilaHfshy; jhf;fg;gl;lhHfs;.

,jidj; njhlHe;J Mapuf;fzf;fhd Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfs; ghJfhg;Gf;fhf tl-fpof;fpy; FbNawpdhHfs;.

kiyafj; jkpoHfsJ thf;Fupik kl;Lk; gwpf;fg;glhJ ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; 1956 Mk; Mz;L v];.lGs;A+.MH.b. gz;lhuehaf;fh 24 kzpj;jpahyq;fspy; jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lj;ijf; nfhz;L te;J %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;F ngUk;ghd;ik thf;Fg; gyj;NjhL ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; epiwNtw;wpapUf;f KbahJ NghapUf;Fk;.

jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;ljw;F kiyafj; jkpoH FbAupik thf;Fupik gwpf;fg;gl;lNj Kf;fpa fhuzk; MFk;.  mjw;F jkpoH gpujpepjpfs; rpyUk; Jiz NghdhHfs; vd;gJ vkJ tuyhw;wpy; xU fiw gbe;j mj;jpahak;. Jilf;f Kbahj ntl;ff; NfL. mopf;f Kbahj khdf;NfL. mjw;fhd tpiyia ,g;NghJk; ehk; nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk;. 

jpU. [p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk;>  jpU.nghd;dk;gyk; mUzhryk; tpl;l gpioapy; ,Ue;J ve;jg; ghlj;ijAk; gbf;fhJ b.v];. Nrdehaf;fhit ek;gp Nkhrk; NghdhH. fhuzk; nghd;dd;gyk; rNfhjuHfspy; xUthuhd mUzhryj;ij tpl jhd; nfl;bf;fhud; vd;W mtH epidj;jhH.   

gpd;G 1965 ,y; jpU. [p.[p. nghd;dk;gyk; tpl;l gpioapy; ,Ue;J ghlk; gbf;f kwe;j mikr;rH K. jpUr;nry;tk; rpq;fs murpay; jiytHfsJ Mir thHj;ijfisAk; thf;FWjpfisAk; ek;gpf; nfl;lhH! fhuzk; nghd;dk;gyj;ijtpl jhd; nfl;bf;fhud; vd;W mtH epidj;jJjhd! (gazk; njhlUk;)  

 


td;dpr; nryT (18)

cyfpy; kpfTk; fLikahf Ruz;lg;gLk; kiyafj; njhopyhsHfs;! 

ef;fPud;

,g;NghJ ml;ld; efuj;jpd; Clhf bk;Gy njU topahfg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;.

ml;ld; rpwpa efuk;. FWfpa njUf;fs; vy;yhk; jhWkhwha; fple;jd.

njUNthuq;fspy; ngupa rpwpa mq;fhbfs; fhzg;gl;ld. eilghijapYk; tpahghuk; ele;J nfhz;bUe;jJ. rpwpa efuk; vd;w gbahy; kf;fs; elkhl;lk; neUf;fkhf ,Ue;jJ.

tz;b ,g;NghJ FWfpa ghijapy; Nky; Nehf;fp tise;J tise;J nrd;W nfhz;bUe;jJ. ,e;jg; ghijapy; xU rkaj;jpy; xU tz;b kl;Lk; Nghfyhk;. vjpHj; jpirapy; tz;b te;jhy; ,uz;by; xU tz;b gpd;Gwkhfr; nrd;W tisTfspd; Xukhf epd;W toptpl kw;w tz;b Nghf Ntz;Lk;.

xU khjpup tPL te;J NrHe;Njhk;. tPl;Lg; gliy rhj;jpapUe;jJ. cs;shNyjhd; jpwf;f Ntz;Lk;. fs;sH gak; ,Ug;gjhy;jhd; ngupa gliy Nghl;L cs;shy; G+l;b itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

ml;ld; Fspuhf ,Uf;Fk; vd vjpHghHj;j vdf;F jl;gntl;g epiy (25-30 nry;rpa];) fzf;fhf fjfjg;ghf ,Ue;jJ. ml;ld; fly; kl;lj;Jf;F NkNy 4>150 mb cauj;jpy; ,Ug;gJjhd; ,e;j fjfjg;Gf;Ff; fhuzk;.

nky;ypa FspHfhw;W tPrpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. tPL ,Ue;j Fd;wpy; ,Ue;J ghHj;jhy; Rw;wp tu Njapiyj; Njhl;lq;fs;. Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfspd; FbapUg;Gf;fs;. ePH tPo;r;rpfs;. ml;ld;-fz;b- EtNuypah rhiy tPl;bd; gpd; Gwg;gf;fkhf rw;Wj; njhiytpy; tpupe;J fple;jJ.  ,d;Dk; rw;W tlf;Nf thdj;ij Nehf;fpg; ghHj;jhy; rptndhspghj kiyAk; (2243 kPl;lH cauk;) fz;Zf;Fj; njupe;jJ.

Rk;kh nrhy;yf; $lhJ. ,aw;if tQ;rfk; ,y;yhJ jdJ iftz;zk; KOtijAk; fhl;b ,e;jg; gFjpia vopy; nfhQ;Rk;  G+kpahf nrJf;fpAs;sJ. 

tPl;il etPd trjpAld; fl;bapUe;jhHfs;. fl;b ,uz;L Mz;Lfs;jhd; Kbe;jpUe;jJ. vy;yhkhf NkNy Ie;J fPNo ,uz;L vd VO miwfs;. mtw;iw tpl gbf;Fk; miw> ,Uf;Fk; miw>  Neu fhyk; ghuhJ tUk; mtru Nehahspfis ghf;F jdp miw vd vy;yhk; Kd;dNu jpl;lk; Nghl;L fl;b ,Uf;whHfs;.

tPL cs;NsAk; ntspNaAk; ghHf;f mofhf ,Ue;jJ. Rw;wptu G+e;Njhl;lk;. xU Xukhf ntt;NtW Neuj;jpy; Ie;jhW Nrhb fhjy; gwitfs; (love birds)  $l;Lf;Fs; ,Ue;J Xahky; rj;jk; Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L ve;jf; ftiyAk; ,y;yhky; ,Ue;jd. Rk;kh nrhy;yf; $lhJ. ,e;jg; gwitfSf;F nghUj;jkhd ngaHjhd; itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

mtHfs; ,Ue;j gioa tPL vjpHg;Gwkhf ,Ue;jJ. mjpy; xU jkpo;f; FLk;gk; thliff;F ,Ue;jJ.

,jw;F Kd;dH mtfhNlh (avacado) gok; rhg;gpl;bUf;fpNwd;. Mdhy; me;jg; go kuj;ij ghHj;jjpy;iy. gf;fj;J tPl;by; epd;w kuq;fspy; me;jg; goq;fs;  fha;j;J njhq;fpd!

Fspf;fyhk; vd;W ghHj;jhy; njhl;bapy; jz;zPH Fiwthf ,Ue;jJ. mij Fspj;J Kbj;J tpl;lhy; rikf;f jz;zPH ,Uf;fhJ. xU ehspy; xU kzpj;jpahyk; jz;zPH Foha; topahf tUfpwJ. rpy rkak; ,uz;L %d;W ehl;fSf;F xUKiwjhd; jz;zPH jpwe;J tplg;gLkhk;. tUfpw jz;zPUk; tpba 4- 5 kzpf;F ,ilapy; tUtjhy;  jz;zPH te;jTld; Kopg;ghf ,Ug;gtHfs; jz;zPH te;j nra;jpia njhiyNgrp %yk; ez;gHfSf;F clNd njuptpf;fpwhHfs;.

cs;s jz;zPiur; #lhf;fp xU fhf;iff; Fspg;G Fspj;jJk; clk;G ,Nyrhf ,Ue;jJ. Rk;kh nrhy;yf; $lhJ. Xa;T vLj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F Njhjhd #oy;.

Nkiy ehLfspy; gdp nta;apy; vd;W ghuhky; Xb Xb ciof;Fk; kf;fs; Mz;by; xUKiw ntspehLfSf;F ePz;l tpLKiwapy; nry;tij tof;fkhf;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. mjw;fhfNt khje;NjhWk; rpwpJ rpwpjhf gzj;ij kpr;rk; gpbf;fpwhHfs;. ek;ktHf;Fk; ,g;gb tpLKiwapy; Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;w Mir gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ.

tpLKiwapy; Nghtjhy; vd;d ed;ikfs;?

ehs;NjhWk; Vw;gLk; fisg;gpy; ,Ue;J tpLgLtjw;F tpLKiw ey;y top.

,ae;jpu tho;f;if Kiwahy; ,oe;j Mw;wiy Gjpg;gpf;f cjTfpwJ.

cyfj;ij Gjpa Nfhzj;jpy; ghHf;f cjTfpwJ. mjdhy; vq;fs; tho;f;ifia kPs; thrpg;Gr; nra;ag;gLfpwJ.

tpLKiw vkJ tho;f;ifapd; Fwpf;Nfhs;fis kPsha;T nra;J vjpHfhyj;ij jpl;lkpl cjTfpwJ.

tpLKiw Gjpa ez;gHfis re;jpf;fTk; vq;fSf;F neUq;fpa ez;gHfs;> cwtpdHfNshL mstshtTk; cjTfpwJ.

vkJ tho;ehs; kpff; FiwthdJ> vjpH$wy; nrhy;y KbahjJ>  vdNt cs;s ehl;fis kz;zpy; ey;y tz;zk; tho Ntz;Lk; KOikahf tho Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zj;ij tpLKiw Vw;gLj;JfpwJ.

,yq;ifapd; kj;jpa Nkl;L epyg;gug;gpy; (Central Highlands) Njapiyr; nra;if nra;ag;gLfpwJ. Fwpg;ghf EtNuypahjhd; Njapiyr; nra;iff;F ngaH Nghd gFjp. ,q;Nfjhd; caHju Njapiy cw;gj;jpahfpwJ. mjw;F mLj;jgbahf ml;ld; Njapiy cw;gj;jpapy; rpwe;J tpsq;FfpwJ.

,yq;ifapy; nkhj;jk; 221>758 nff;lH epyj;jpy; Njapiy gapuplg;gLfpwJ. =yq;fhtpd; Vw;Wkjp tUthapy; Ehw;Wf;F 15 tpOf;fhL Njapiy Vw;Wkjp %yk; ngwg;gLfpwJ. cyfpy; Njapiy cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; ehLfspy; ,yq;if 3tJ ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

Mdhy; cyfpy; Njapiy Vw;Wkjp nra;Ak; ehLfspy; ,yq;if Kjyplk; tfpf;fpwJ. 2>002 ,y; ,yq;if 291 kpy;yad; fpNyh Njapiyia (2001- 294 kpy;ypad; fpNyh) Vw;Wkjp nra;jJ. ,yq;iff;F mLj;j ,lj;jpy; nfd;ah (217 kpy;ypad; fpNyh) ,Uf;fpwJ.

Njapiyia jiuapd; cauj;ijg; nghWj;J %d;W tifahfg; gpupj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. 1>200 kP cauj;Jf;F NkNy Nky; nra;if Njapiy. 600-1200 kP cauj;Jf;F ,ilapy; ,il nra;if Njapiy. 600 kP fPNo fPo; nra;if Njapiy.

ey;y jukhd NjapiyNahL juk; Fiwe;j Njapiyia fye;J re;ijg; gLj;JfpwhHfs;. ,jpy; Rit FiwT. ,ijNajhd; ehk; thq;fp gad;gLj;JfpNwhk;.  

,yq;ifapy; Njapiy nra;ifia Kjd; Kjypy; mwpKfg;gLj;jpatH Nak;]; nuapyH (James Taylor) vd;w Mq;fpNyaH. 1840,y; ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; Nfhg;gpr; nra;iff;F tha;g;G ,Ug;gjhff; Nfs;tpg;gl;l mtH kiyehl;Lf;F te;J Nfhg;gpr; nrbfis gy Vf;fH gug;gsT nfhz;l Njhl;lj;jpy; el;lhH. mNjhL ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J nfhz;Lte;j Njapiyr; nrb tpijfisAk; mjd; gf;fj;jpy; tpijj;jhH.  cz;ikapy; Njapiyr; nrb mb ehspy;  rPdhtpy; ,Ue;J ,e;jpah nrd;W mq;fpUe;Jjhd; ,q;F te;J NrHe;jJ. 

rpwpJ fhyj;jpy; Nfhg;gpr; nrbfspd; ,iyfis xUtpj G+Q;rzk; jhf;fpaJ. mjdhy; mit mope;jd. Mdhy; Njapiyr; nrbfis me;j Neha; jhf;ftpy;iy.  

,d;W cynfq;Fk; NjePH kpfTk; gpugy;ak; MfpAs;sJ. 2003 Mk; Mz;L mnkupf;fHfs; 245 Nfhb fyd; NjePiu gy tbtq;fspy; (#lhf> Fspuhf> rPdpNahL> ghNyhL) Fbj;J Kbj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;!  

Njapiyf; nfhOe;ij fpoikf;F xUKiw gwpf;fpwhHfs;. ,uz;L JspH ,iyfS mjd; eLtpy; ,Uf;Fk; nkhl;Lk; ifahy; gwpf;fg;gLfpwJ. 

,J ,yFthd Ntiyay;y. jha;khHfs; jq;fs; Foe;ijfis cwtpdHfSld; tpl;L Ntiyf;F tuNtz;Lk;. my;yJ Njhl;lj;J gps;is fhg;G ikaj;jpy; mtHfis tpl;;L tpl;L tuNtz;Lk;. gwpj;j nfhOe;Jfis KJfpy; Rke;J nfhz;L Njapiy epWf;Fk; ,lj;Jf;F nry;y Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dH mLj;j thl;b Njapiy gwpf;f Maj;jkhf Ntz;Lk;.

mz;ikf;fhykhf gy Njhl;lq;fspy; gwpj;j Njapiyia conveyor %yk; epWf;Fk; ,lj;jpw;F mDg;gp itf;f trjp nja;Js;shHfs;. ,jdhy; njhopyhsHfs; mjid KJfpy; Rkf;Fk; gS Fiwe;Js;sJ.

nkhj;jk; 15 ,yl;rk; njhopyhsHfs; Njapiyj; njhopypy; <Lgl;Ls;shHfs;. ,tHfspy; NgusT ngz;fshtH.

xU gof;fg;gl;l njhopyhsp xU ehisf;F ruhrup 30 fpNyh Njapiy gwpf;f KbAk;. xU Njapiyr; nrbapy; xU Mz;Lf;F 70 fpNyh Njapiyiag; gwpf;fyhk;. el;L 4 Mz;Lfspy; gad;juj; njhlq;FfpwJ. mjd; mfit RkhH 70 Mz;LfshFk;. Fiwe;j gl;rk; 45-50 mq;Fy (1140-1270 kpyp kPPl;lH)  kio Njitg;gLfpwJ.

xU Njhl;lj; njhopyhspapd; xU ehs; mbg;gil rk;gsk; &gh 121 kl;LNk. ,J fle;j Mtzp khjk; njhlf;fk; &gh 135 Mf caHj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. gwpf;Fk; nfhOe;jpd; vil kw;Wk; khjj;jpy; 26 ehl;fs; Ntiy nra;jhy; Nkyjpfkhf &gh 45 ciof;f KbAk;.  Mdhy; khjk; KOJk; Ntiy fpilg;gJ rhj;jpakpy;iy. mjpf gl;rkhf xU fbd ciog;ghsp xU ehisf;F &gh 198 jhd; ciof;f KbAk;.

cz;ikapy; ,d;iwa tho;f;ifr; nryT Gs;sp mbg;gilapy; (Gul;lhjp khjj;jpy; 3684.7 Gs;sp) xU njhopyhsp ehnshd;Wf;F &gh 350 $ypahfg; ngwNtz;Lk;. ,g;NghJ mjpy; ghjpjhd; mtHfSf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ.

1992 ,y; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l $l;L cld;gbf;ifapd; fPo; Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfspd; $yp tho;f;ifr; nryT Gs;spapd; mbg;gilapy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w cupikia ,oe;J tpl;lhHfs;.

ehq;fs; ml;ldpy; epd;w nghOJ xU fpNyh muprpapd; tpiy &gh 20-25  Mf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; ,g;NghJ muprp tpiy tpiy fpL fpL vd &gh 30-35 f;F Vwptpl;lJ.

ehnshd;Wf;F ruhrup &gh 180 ciof;Fk; xU njhopyhsp FLk;gk; ,e;j tUkhdj;jpy; vg;gb tho KbAk; vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

aho;g;ghzj;jpy; xU $ypapd; xU ehs; rk;gsk; &gh 300. xU Nkrdpd; rk;gsk; &gh 500. xU jr;Rj; njhopyhspapd; rk;gsk; &gh 600.

,jdhy;jhd; cyfj;jpNyNa kpf fLikahfr; Ruz;lg;gLk; njhopyhs tHf;fkhf kiya jkpo;j; Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfs; fUjg;gLfpwhHfs;. (gazk; njhlUk;)

 

 


 

td;dpr; nryT (19)

nky;y nky;y khwptUk; kiyafk;

cyfpy; kiyafj; jkpoHfs;jhd; kpfTk; fLikahfr; Ruz;lg;gLk; njhopyhsHfs; vd Kd;dH Fwpg;gpl;bUe;Njd;.

vdJ $w;iw fle;j nehntk;gH khjk; 21-29 tiu fz;bapy; ele;j 'Mrpahtpd; rpWghd;ikapdUk; mtHfsJ Nkk;ghLk;' (Asian Minorities and their Development' ) vd;w jiyg;gpy; ele;j fUj;juq;fpy; Ngrpa jpU.gp. rptg;gpufhrk; cWjpg;gLj;jpAs;shH. ,e;j midj;Jyf fUj;juq;Ff;F lhf;lH gpahNdh (Dr. Piyano ) jiyik jhq;fpdhH.

,e;jf; fUj;juq;fpy; Ngrpa mtH '=yq;fhtpy; kpfTk; gpw;gl;l kf;fs; rpWghd;ik kiyafj; jkpoHfs;jhd;' vdj; njuptpj;jhH.

kiyafj; jkpoHfs; Njapiy ,ug;gH Njhl;lq;fspy; Ntiy nra;a xg;ge;jf; $ypfshf (indentured labour) ,yq;iff;F nts;isf;fhuHfshy; nfhz;L tug;gl;lhHfs;. nts;isf;fhuH Ml;rpapy; mtHfs; fpl;lj;jl;l mbikfshfNt elj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. Rje;jpuj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dH nts;isf;fhuHfsJ ,lj;ij rpq;fstHfs; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;.

xU njhFjp njhopyhsHfs; fq;fhzpapd; fPo; Ntiy nra;thHfs;. me;jf; fq;fhzp jiyikf; fq;fhzpapd; Nky;ghHitapy; Ntiy nra;thH.   Njhl;lq;fspd; Kfhikj;Jtj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghf Njhl;l NkyhsH (Superintendent ) ,Ue;jhH. mtUf;Ff; fPo; cjtp NkyhsH. jiyik vOj;jH> vOj;jHfs; flikahw;wpdhHfs;. Njhl;lj; njhopw;rhiyf;Fg; nghWg;ghf Njapiy jahupg;ghsH (Tea Maker ) xUtUk; mtuJ cjtpahsHfSk; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfsJ tho;f;ifj; juk; kpfTk; NkhrkhdJ. Ie;J my;yJ mjw;Fk; Nky;gl;l vz;zpf;if cila xU FLk;gk; Njhl;l iyd;fs; vd;W miof;fg;gLk; xU rpd;d miwapy; Fb itf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. nghJ foptiwiaj;jhd; mtHfs; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;.  nghJ Fohapy;jhd; Mz; ngz; ,UghyhUk; Fspf;fpwhHfs;.

mz;ikf;fhykhf mtHfSf;F ,uz;L miw nfhz;l fy;tPLfs; fl;bf; nfhLf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. mtw;Wf;F kpd;rhu trjpAk; nra;j nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Mdhy; tPNlh> fhzpNah ,d;Dk; mtHfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhf;fg;gltpy;iy.

Njhl;lq;fspy; kUe;jfk;fs; (dispensaries) cz;L. Mdhy; gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngw;w kUj;JtHfs; ,y;iy. Kiwahf kUj;Jtk; gbahjtHfs; me;j rpW kUe;jfq;fis elj;j mkHj;jg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

Njhl;lg; gs;spf;$lq;fspy;  ehd;fhk; my;yJ Ie;jhk; tFg;Gfs; kl;LNk ,Uf;fpd;wd.

kiyafj; jkpoHfspy; fq;fhzp> vOj;jH> Njapiy jahupg;ghsH Nghd;w xU rpW njhifapdNu XusT trjpahf tho;fpwhHfs;. ngUk;ghd;ikNahH Vo;ikapNyNa tho;fpwhHfs;.

trjp gilj;j ngw;NwhHfsJ gps;isfs; efHg;Gwg; gs;spf;$lq;fspy; Nky; gbg;G gbf;fpwhHfs;.

mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; ml;ld; gFjpapy; ,Ue;J gy;fiyf; fofq;fSf;F GFk; khztHfsJ njhif nky;y nky;y mjpfupj;J tUfpwJ.

nrd;w Vg;uy; khjj;jpy; ele;j caHju NjHtpy; ml;ld; ifyd;l; fy;Yhupapy; ,Ue;J nkhj;jk; 73 khztHfs; gy;fiyf; fofj;Jf;F vLgl;L ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfspy; 5 khztHfs; kUj;Jt gPlj;Jf;F vLgl;L ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,jpy; \HkpshTk; xUtH. ,t;tsT njhifahd khztHfs; gy;fiyf; fofq;fSf;F vLgLtjw;F khtl;l Kiwapyhd jug;glj;jy; xU fhuzkhFk;.

ifyd;l; fy;Yhupapy; Mapuj;Jf;Fk; mjpfkhd khztHfs; gbf;fpwhHfs;. ngUk;ghyhd khztHfs; ehs; NjhWk; Njhl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J NgUe;Jfspy; te;J gbf;fpwhHfs;.

ml;ldpy; ,Ue;J Kd;dNu gy;fiyf; fofj;Jf;F vLgl;L kUj;Jtk;> nghwpapay; gbf;Fk; khztHfs; rpyH thu ,Wjpapy; Ngunjdpahtpy; ,Ue;J te;J caHju tFg;G khztHfSf;F tuition nrhy;ypf; nfhLf;fpwhHfs;. Nghf;F tuj;Jf;Fr; nrythFk; gzj;ij kl;Lk; jq;fs; Copakhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. ,ijf; Nfl;lNghJ vdf;F tpag;ghfTk; kfpo;r;rpahfTk; ,Ue;jJ.

ml;ld; efuj;jpy; jkpoHfNs ngUk;ghd;ikahf tho;fpwhHfs;. vz;zpf;ifapy; Fiwthd aho;g;ghzj;Jj; jkpoHfSk; tho;fpwhHfs;.

fil fz;zpfSk; jkpoHfsJ ifapNyNa ngUk;ghYk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ml;lidr; #o cs;s Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfs; ml;lDf;F te;Nj jq;fSf;F Ntz;ba nghUl;fis thq;FfpwhHfs;.

ml;ld; efu rigapd; jiytH xU K];ypk;. mtH jdJ r%fj;ijr; rhHe;jtHfSf;Nf FbapUg;Gfs;>  mq;fhbfs; Nghd;wtw;iw fl;bf; nfhLf;fpwhH vd;w nghUky; jkpoHfspilNa ,Uf;fpwJ.

mz;ikapy; ml;ldpy; ,aq;fpa gpwTz; md;l; fk;gdp jq;fs; thzpfj;ij %btpl;L nfhOk;Gf;Fg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.  me;j epWtdj;Jf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fhzp tpw;gidf;Fg; NghdNghJ mjid If;fpa rpq;fs tzpfHfs; rq;fk; gy Nfhb &gh nfhLj;J thq;fp tpl;lJ. ,e;j mikg;G rpq;fs tPutpjhd (rpq;fs tPuHfs; mit) vd;w Filaikg;gpd; Kf;fpa cWg;gpduhFk;.

If;fpa rpq;fs tzpfHfs; rq;fj;jpd;  Fwpf;Nfhs; jkpoHfisAk; K];ypk;fisAk;  tzpfj;Jiwapy; ,Ue;J Juj;jptpl;L my;yJ Xuq;fl;btpl;L tzpfj;Jiwia rpq;fstHfsJ gpbf;Fs; nfhz;LtUtjhFk;.

,e;j mikg;Gf;F ehnlq;Fk; 814 fpisfSf;F Nky; ,Uf;fpwJ. KjyPL nra;tjw;F mjd; trk; gy Nfhb &gh ifapUg;G ,Uf;fpwJ.

,e;j mikg;G rpq;fs mq;fhbr; nrhe;jf;fhuHfs; jq;fs; mq;fhbfis jkpoHfSf;F my;yJ K];ypk;fSf;F thliff;F nfhLg;gij jilnra;fpwJ.

NkYk; jkpo; K];ypk;fsJ mq;fhbfis Gwf;fzpf;FkhW efHg;Gw kw;Wk; CHg;Gw rpq;fs kf;fspilNa jPtpu gug;Giu nra;fpwJ.  ,e;j mikg;gpw;F  =yq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rp kw;Wk; If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpia NrHe;j murpay;thjpfs; gyH jiytHfshf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

1990 Mk; Mz;L fpupgj;nfhl vd;w GwefHg; gFjpapy; rpq;fstHfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhf ,Ue;j Rdhde;j tzpf ikak; ( Sunanada Trade Centre)  mjd; ngaHg;gyifapy; jkpopYk;  vOjp itj;jij vLj;JtpLkhW ,e;j mikg;G Nfl;lNghJ mg;gbNa nra;ag;gl;lJ.

jkpo; tzpfHfSf;F ,g;gbahd mikg;G ,y;iy. mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zKk; ,y;iy. ,jdhy; ngUk; gzKjyPL nra;J gpwTz; md;l; nfhk;gdp epyj;ij my;yJ mJNghd;w epyj;ij thq;fp mjpy; mq;fhbfs; fl;l KbahJ ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

kiyafj;jpy; jkpoHfSf;Fk; rpq;fstHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; gifik czHT ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. efuj;Jf;F tUk; Njhl;lj; jkpoHfs; mt;tg;NghJ rpq;fstHfshy; jhf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. rpy rkaq;fspy; rpq;fstHfs; Njhl;lf; FbapUg;Gf;Fs; GFe;J jkpoHfisj; jhf;FtNjhL mtHfsJ FbirfSf;Fk; jP itf;fpwhHfs;.

ehd; ml;ldpy; epd;wNghJ NehHTl; efuj;jpy; jkpoHfs; -rpq;fstHfs; fyfk; ntbj;jJ.  xU rpq;fs thfd Xl;LeH gs;spf;F nrd;W nfhz;bUe;j 10 taJ jkpo;r; rpWkpia Nkhjpajpy; me;j khztp ,we;J NghdhH. fytuj;Jf;F mJjhd; fhuzk;. Culq;fr; rl;lk; gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;l gpd;dNu epyik fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ.

,g;gbahd rpW rk;gtq;fs; tFg;Gf; fytukhf ntbf;Fk; mghak; kiyafj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ.  Nghjhf; Fiwf;F me;jg; gFjpfspy; flikahw;Wk; rpq;fs fhty;gilapdH rpq;fstHfSf;F rhjfkhfNt ele;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;.

vz;gJfspy; epyik ,d;Dk; Nkhrkhf ,Ue;J. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; tlfpof;fpy; jiyJhf;fpa gpd;dNu jkpoHfSf;F kiyafj; jkpoHfSf;F ijupak; gpwe;jJ. ,g;NghJ rpq;fstH jhf;fpdhy; ,tHfSk; jpUg;gp;j; jhf;FfpwhHfs;.

aho;g;ghzj; jkpoHfs; ml;ldpy; cs;s fhzpfis mjpf tpiy nfhLj;J thq;fptpLfpwhHfs; vd;w Mjq;fk; trjp gilj;j kiyafj; jkpoHfspilNa mury; Guryhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ml;ldpd; xU NgHr; epyk; (121 rJu mb) &gh 80>000 tpiy NghfpwJ. xU tPL fl;l Fiwe;jJ 10 NgHr; epyk; Ntz;Lk;. vdNt epyj;Jf;Nf 8 ,yl;rk; &gh Ngha;tpLfpwJ!


ml;ldpy; njhz;lkhd; njhopy; gapw;rp ikak;
 (Thondaman Vocational Training Centre )  xd;W ,aq;FfpwJ. ,e;j ikak; jpU. rt;Ta%Hj;jp njhz;lkhd; mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j NghJ fl;lg;gl;ljhFk;. ,jpy; RkhH 160 khztHfs; 6 khj fzdpg; gapw;rp ngWfpwhHfs;. ,tHfistpl thfd jpUj;jNtiy> filry; ,ae;jpug; gapw;rp> ijay; gapw;rp ngWk; khztHfSk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.  

,e;j ikak; Njhl;lg; gps;isfSf;F xU ngupa nfhil vd;gijr; nrhy;yj; Njitapy;iy.   

ngUk;ghyhd Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfs; Njhl;lj;jpNyNa gpwe;J tsHe;J jpUkzk; nra;J gps;is Fl;bfisg; ngw;W mNj Njhl;lj;jpy;  $ypNtiy nra;J ,we;jgpd; me;jj; Njhl;lj;jpNyNa Njapiyr; nrbfSf;F cukhfg; Gijf;fg;gl;L tpLfpwhHfs;.  

mg;gbahd xU nghUshjhu Row;rpapYk; #oypYk; ,Ue;J jg;gp jq;fsJ tho;f;ifia nfhQ;rk; Kd;Ndw;wpf; nfhs;s ,g;gbahd ikak; Jiz GupfpwJ.  

ml;ldpy; Ntiy Njbf; nfhLf;Fk; njhopy; KftH epiyaq;fs; ,uz;nlhd;W ,aq;Ffpd;wd.  

kj;jpa fpof;F vz;nza; ts ehLfspy; trjp gilj;j nry;te;jHfsJ tPLfspy; tPl;L Ntiy> thfd Xl;LeH Ntiy> rkay;Ntiy> G+e;Njhl;l Ntiy Nghd;w NtiyfSf;Fg; gyH tpz;zg;gk; nra;fpwhHfs;. me;j NtiyfSf;F khjj;jpy; 10-15 NgH vLgLfpwhHfs;. mg;gb vLgl;Lg; NghNthH khjk; &gh 12>000 - 20>000 tiu ciof;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j Cjpak; Njapiyj; Njhl;lj;jpy; $ypahff; fpilf;Fk; gzj;ijtpl ehd;F Ie;J klq;F mjpfkhdJ. 

vq;fs; tPl;Lf;F jpdKk; ghy; nfhz;L te;J nfhLg;gtupd; kfs; rTjp mNugpahtpy Ntiy ghHg;gjhf vk;kplk; nrhy;yp ngUkpjg;gl;Lf; nfhz;lhH.  mtuJ ,d;ndhU kfs; ngupa gps;isahd NghJ Njhl;lj;jpy; 3 ehs; nfhz;lhl;lk; jly;Glyhf ele;jjhk;. \Hkpsh FLk;gk; rhkj;jpar; rlq;fpw;F Ngha; te;jjhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;.  

ml;ld; efupy; gy mq;fhbfs; ,Ue;jhYk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l tifahd filfspy;jhd; tpw;gid XNfh vd;W elf;fpwJ! (gazk; njhlUk;)  

 


td;dpr; nryT (20)

NjHe;j fy;tp Qhdk; va;jp jkpoHfs; rpwg;ghf thoNtz;Lk;

ef;fPud;

ml;ldpy; Glitf;filfs;jhd; vz;zpf;ifapy; mjpfk;. mq;Nfjhd; tzpfk; RWRWg;ghf elf;fpwJ. rdp> QhapW ehl;fspy; mf;fk; gf;fj;jpy; cs;s Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfs; ml;ld; efiu Kw;Wif ,LfpwhHfs;.

nghq;fy;> Gj;jhz;L Nghd;w ey;yehs; ngUehspy; Jzp kzp ed;F tpw;gidahfpwJ. ngupa trjp ,y;yhj FLk;gq;fs; $l jq;fs; rf;jpiaAk; kPwp ngupatHfSf;F Ntl;b> Nriy> Foe;ijfSf;F rl;il vd thq;FfpwhHfshk;.

ehkfs; vd;w ngaupy; ngupa Glitf; fil. xNu Neuj;jpy; fPo;j; jsj;jpYk; Nky;khbapYk; 15-20 CopaHfs; flikapy; <Lgl;Ls;shHfs;. mg;gbapUe;Jk; tUfpw thbf;ifahsHfis rkhspf;f Kbahky; jpzWfpwhHfs;. ,J Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfsJ thq;Fk; rf;jp Kd;diutpl rw;W mjpfupj;Js;sij vLj;Jf; fhl;baJ.

filf; fy;yhtpy; cl;fhHe;J ,Ue;jtNuhL Ngr;Rf; nfhLj;Njd;. ,isQH. %r;Rtplhky; ts ts vd;W NgRthH vd vjpHghHj;Njd;. Mdhy; mtH vjpHkhwhf Nfl;fpw Nfs;tpfSf;F RUf;fkhf> ngUk;ghYk; Mk; ,y;iy vd;W Fuiyj; jho;j;jp  gjpy; mspj;jhH.

ey;y jkpopy; ehkfs; vdf; filf;F ngaH itj;jpUf;fpwPHfs;. ,e;jg; ngaiu NjHe;njLj;jjw;F VjhtJ rpwg;Gf; fhuzk; ,Uf;fpwjh? vd;W Nfl;Nld;.

'vq;fsJ G+HtPfk; jkpo;ehl;by; cs;s ehkf;fy;. mij epidT gLj;jNt ehkfs; vd;w ngaiuj; NjHe;njLj;Njhk;' vd;whH.

filf;Fj; Njitahd Glitfis NeNu jkpo;ehl;by; ,Ue;J ,wf;Fkjp nra;fpwhHfs;. mjw;nfd xU gq;FjhuH jkpo;ehl;bNyNa epue;jukhf ,Uf;fpwhH. Neubahf ,wf;Fkjp nra;tjhy; nfhOk;igtpl ml;ldpy; Fiwe;j tpiyf;F Glitfis tpw;f KbfpwJ vd;W nrhd;dhH.

mz;ikapy; nrhe;jkhf xU tPL fl;b Kbj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. ml;ld; efupy; mJjhd; ngupa tPL.

nghUl;fis Neubahf ,wf;Fkjp nra;gtHfs; ,yq;if Rq;f mjpfhupfis kpfTk; ghuhl;bg; NgRfpwhHfs;. mNj rkak; ,e;jpa Rq;f mjpfhupfis tWj;J vLf;fpwhHfs;. Vd;? vd;d fhuzk;?

,yq;if Rq;f mjpfhupfSf;F fpk;gsk; nfhLj;jhy; nfhLj;jij kfpo;r;rpNahL thq;fpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; ,e;jpa Rq;f mjpfhupfs; mg;gb ,y;iyahk;. vt;tsT nfhLj;jhYk; ' NghjhJ. ghHj;J jhUq;fs;' vd NkYk; NkYk; Nfl;L mupj;J vLg;ghHfshk;.

FLk;g ez;gHfs; vd;W nrhy;yp rpy tPLfSf;Ff; $l;bg; NghdhHfs;. mjpy; xd;W xU MrpupaH tPL. ehq;fs; NghdNghJ mtH tPl;by; ,y;iy. mtuJ kidtp> nguNjdpah kUj;Jtf; fy;Yhupapy; gbf;Fk; kfs;> jpUkzk; nra;Jtpl;L mT];jpNuypahtpw;F Nghf tprhTf;Ff; fhj;jpUf;Fk; kfs; MfpNahNu ,Ue;jhHfs;.

,uthfpAk; tPL jpUk;ghjjhy; MrpupaUf;F gs;spf;$lj;jpy; Ntiy vd;W vdf;Fs; epidj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;. Mdhy; mtH tPL jpUk;ghjjw;F NtW fhuzk; ,Ue;jJ. Mrpupaj; njhopNyhL gFjp Neu NrhjpluhfTk; mtH njhopy; nra;fpwhuhk;. efUf;Fs; xU miwia thliff;F vLj;J mq;Nfjhd; mtuJ njhopiyg; ghHf;fpwhH.

rhjfk; fzpg;gJ> ey;y ehs; ngUehs; Fwpj;Jf; nfhLg;gJ> jpUkzg; nghUj;jk; ghHg;gJ> fhJ Fj;JtJ> Ehy; fl;LtJ> ghHit ghHg;gJ> ke;jpupg;gJ ,g;gb mtH gy;Jiw tpw;gduhf ,Ue;jhH. mtuJ thbf;iff;fhuHfs; vy;NyhUk; Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfNs. ey;y tUkhdkhk;. gbj;jtHfNs Nrhjplk;> ,uhF fhyk; ghHf;Fk; NghJ mjpfk; gbahj Njhl;lj; njhopyhsHfs; ke;jpu je;jpuj;ij ek;GtJ tpag;ghd nra;;jp my;y.

nrhy;y kwe;J NghNdd;. ,J xU IaH FLk;gk;. jhj;jh ,we;J NghdhH. gf;fj;jpy; cs;s Nfhapypy; mHr;rfuhf ,Ue;jtH. epuk;gTk; itjPfk;. fz;%L kl;Lk; tpwF itj;J kz;rl;bapy;jhd; rikay;. ghidapy;jhd; NrhW fha;r;ry;. thioapiyapy;jhd; rhg;ghL!

xU ehs; Gj;jff; fil vq;NfahtJ ,Uf;fpwjh vd;W Njbg; ghHj;Njhk;. xd;W fz;zpy; jl;Lg;gl;lJ. mjpy; ngUk;ghYk; gs;spf;$l khztHfSf;Fj; Njitahd ghlg; Gj;jfq;fSk;  fUtpfSNk ,Ue;jd. ey;yfhykhf jpUf;Fws;> ghujpahH ghly;fSk; ,Ue;jd. mtw;iw thq;fp \Hkpshtpw;F md;gspg;ghff; nfhLj;Njd;.

xt;nthU jkpo; tPl;bYk; Mff; Fiwe;jJ xU EhW Gj;jfq;fs; nfhz;l rpW Ehyfk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjpy; jpUf;FwSk; ghujpahH ghly;fSk; fl;lhak; ,lk;ngw Ntz;Lk;. mNjhL epw;fhky; khjk; ,uz;L ey;y Gj;jfq;fisahtJ gzk; nfhLj;J thq;fpg; gbf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,d;iwa etPd cyfpy; mwpTjhd; Mw;wy; (knowledge is power) vd;ghHfs;. mnkupf;fh>  ag;ghd;> n[Hkdp Nghd;w ehLfspd; nry;tr; nropg;Gf;F me;j ehLfspd; nghUshju njhopy;El;g tsHr;rpjhd; fhuzk;.

Kd;ndhU fhyj;jpy; xUtH gzf;fhuuh ,y;iyah vd;gij fz;lwpa mtUf;F ,Uf;Fk; mirAk; mirah nrhj;Jfis fzf;nfLj;J fz;lwpthHfs;. Mdhy; ,d;W epiyik NtW. cyfpYs;s gzf;fhuHfspd; gl;baypy; Kjy; ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; gpy; Nfl;]; (Bill Gates)  ,lk; ngupa ngupa njhopw;rhiyfNsh Mapuk; Mapuk; Vf;fH Njhl;lq;fNsh> thzpff; fg;gy;fNsh ,y;iy. mtuplk; ,Ug;gJ mtUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd  Microsoft fk;gdpapd; gq;Ffs;jhd;.  vt;tsT gq;Ffs;? mjpfk; ,y;iy. vz;ZhW kpy;ypad; gq;Ffs;. 

mtuJ epfu nrhj;J ngWkjp (Net worth)  69 gpy;ypad; mnkupf;f nts;sp.   ,e;jj; njhif gy ehLfsJ nkhj;j cs;SH cw;gj;jpia tpl (GDP) mjpfkhdJ! vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf ,yq;ifapd; nkh.c.cw;gj;jp 16.4 gpy;ypad; mnkupf;f nts;sp (2001) kl;LNk. gpy; Nfl;rplk; ,Uf;Fk; gzj;ij xU nts;spj; jhshf khw;wp mij xd;wd; Nky; xd;whf mLf;fpdhy; mjd; cauk; 2>186 iky; tUkhk;! NkYk; mtuJ gzj;ij cyfpy; cs;s kf;fSf;Fg; gpupj;Jf; nfhLj;jhy; jiyf;F 11.5 nts;sp nfhLf;fyhk;.

Rkhdp fly; nfhe;jspg;ghy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fSf;F mtH> mtuJ kidtp ,UtuJ ngaupYk; ,Uf;Fk; mwf;fl;lis 3 kpy;ypad; nts;spia ed;nfhilahff;  nfhLj;Js;sJ! 

nghJ mikg;Gf;fs; Nghl;bapy; ntw;wpngw;wtHfSf;F guprhf Gj;jfq;fis nfhLf;Fk; Kiwia gpd;gw;w Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;ghf Ngr;Rg; Nghl;b> fl;Liug; Nghl;b> ftpijg; Nghl;b Nghd;wtw;wpy; ntw;wp ngWgtHfSf;F Gj;jfq;fis guprhff; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

jpUkzq;fspy; kzkf;fSf;F gzk;> nghUs; ,uz;Lf;Fk; gjpyhf jpUf;Fwisg; guprhf nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ts;StH nrhy;fpd;w tho;f;if newpfisg; gpd;gw;wpdhy; tho;f;if ngUksT kfpo;r;rpahf mikAk;.

nts;isf;fhuHfs; tPl;by; Gj;jfq;fis thq;fp jdpaiwapy; mLf;fp itj;jpUg;ghHfs;. nts;isf;fhuHfis cil> czT> gof;f toq;fk; Nghd;wtw;wp;y; gpd;gw;w Kaw;rpf;Fk; ehk; mtHfsJ ey;y gof;fq;fspy; xd;whd 'tPl;Lf;nfhU Gj;jfrhiy' itf;Fk; gof;fj;ij kl;Lk; gpd;gw;w Kaw;rpg;gjpy;iy.

jiyKb tsHe;Jtpl;lJ. mq;Fs;s xU KbjpUj;Jk; epiyaj;Jf;Fg; NghNdd;. kpff; FWfpa ,lk;. ,uz;L iftpidQHfs; kl;Lk; ,Ue;jhHfs;. rpwpJ Neuk; fhj;jpUf;f Ntz;bapUe;jJ.

tof;fk; Nghy KbjpUj;Jtuplk; Ngr;Rf; nfhLj;Njd;. mtHjhd; fil Kjyhsp vd;W njupe;J nfhz;Nld;. thlif vt;tsT vd;W Nfl;Nld;. khjk; &gh 2>500 vd;whH. me;j rpd;d ,lj;Jf;F me;j thlif mjpfkhf vdf;Fg;gl;lJ. mLj;J ePq;fs; trpf;Fk; tPl;L thlif khjk; vt;tsT vd;W Nfl;Nld;.

'thlif tPly;y. vq;fsJ nrhe;j tPl;by; trpf;fpNwhk;. tPL CHg;Gwkhf ,Uf;fpwJ' vd;W rHt rhjhuzkhfr; nrhd;dhH.  mJ kl;Lky;y jdJ JiztpahH xU gs;spf;$l Mrpupia vd;whH. mtuJ gjpy; vdf;F nfhQ;rk; jpifg;ghfTk; mNj Neuk; kfpo;r;rpahfTk; ,Ue;jJ.

cyfpy; thOk; filrpj; jkpoDk; jpwiknfhz;ljPikaw;w njhopy;Gupe;J> NjHe;j fy;tp Qhdk; va;jp rpwg;ghf thoNtz;Lk; vd;gJ ghujpahupd; Mirahf ,Ue;jJ. mJNt vdJ MirAk;$l.

Kbntl;b Kbe;jJk; vt;tsT vd;W Nfl;Nld;. ehw;gJ &gh vd;whH. xU 50 &gh jhisf; nfhLj;Jtpl;L kpr;rj;ij itj;Jf; nfhs;SkhW nrhy;yptpl;L ntspNawpNdd;. Kb ntl;lf; nfhLf;Fk; $yp NghjhJ vd;W vdf;Fs; epidj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;.

ml;ldpy; ehq;fs; epd;w ehl;fspy;jhd; NjHjy; gug;Giu #L gpbf;f Muk;g;gpj;jJ. ve;jg; gf;fk; jpUk;gpdhYk; ,yq;ifj; njhopyhsH fhq;fpu]; jiytH MWKfk; njhz;lkhdpd; glk; nfhz;l Rtnuhl;bfs; kjpy;fspy; xl;lg;gbUe;jd.

EtNuypahtpy; Ntl;G kD jhf;fy; nra;Jtpl;L ml;lDf;F njhz;lkhd; EhW fhHfs; thd;fs; Gil #o CHtykhf te;jNghJ mtUf;F gpuk;khz;lkhd tuNtw;G nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ.  tPjpfs; Nghf;Ftuj;Jf;F %lg;gl;L tz;bfs; NtW ghijfspy; jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gl;ld. gl;lhR ntbr; rj;jk; fhijg; gpoe;jJ. mtuJ MjuthsHfs; tPjpfspy; Ngahl;lk; MbdhHfs;.

kiyaf kf;fs; Kd;dzp jiytH nguparhkp re;jpuNrfud; ,Nj khtl;lj;jpy;jhd; Nghl;bapl;lhH. Mdhy; mtuJ NjHjy; eltbf;ifgw;wpa ve;j mRkhj;jj;ijAk; ghHf;f Kbatpy;iy. vdf;F cs;Suf; ftiyahfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

mLj;j ehs; eilghij thzpfk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;j xUtNuhL Ngr;Rf; nfhLj;Njd;. mtH xU K];ypk;.

NjHjypy; ahUf;F cq;fs; thf;ifg; Nghlg; NghfpwPHfs;?

NtW ahUf;F? njhz;lkhd; ma;ahTf;Fj;jhd;!

Vd;?

mtUf;Fj;jhd; ,e;jg; gFjpapy; gtH ,Uf;F. ,e;jg; gFjpapy; cs;s nghyprhH rpq;fstHfs;. mtHfshy; mbf;fb gpur;rid Vw;gLk;. clNd njhz;lkhd; IahTf;FNghd; Nghl;Lr; nrhd;dhy; NghJk;. mLj;j epkplk; me;j ,lj;Jf;F te;JtpLthH.

,e;jj; njhFjpapy; kiyaf kf;fs; Kd;dzp re;jpuNrfud; epw;fpwhNu. mtH nty;Ytuh?

vdf;F %d;W thf;Ffs; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjpy; xd;W re;jpuNrfuDf;Fj;jhd;.  mtH vg;gbAk; te;jpLthH!

mg;ghlh. ,ijf; Nfl;lNghJ kdJf;F MWjyhf ,Ue;jJ. njhlHe;J fha;fwp tpw;gtHfs;> Xl;Nlhf;fhuHfs;> ghy;fhuH> fil CopaHfisf; NflLg; ghHj;Njd;. vy;NyhUk; nrhd;d gjpy; 'mtH te;jpLthH.'

mtHfs; nrhd;dJ NghyNt re;jpuNrfud; 49>728  thf;Ffisg; ngw;W ntw;wp ngw;whH. 

ml;ld;> bf;Nfhah> k];Nfypah Nghd;w gFjpfisr; Rw;wpg; ghHj;jhfptpl;lJ. ,dpg; Gwg;gl Ntz;baJjhd;. (gazk; njhlUk;)