rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs;!

 

ef;fPud;

(1)

 

jkpo;r; rpj;jHfisg; gw;wpf; Nfs;tpg;glhjtHfs; ,Uf;f khl;lhHfs;. rpj;jHfs; gw;wpf; Nfs;tpg;glhjtHfs; $l rpj;jH ghly;fs; ,uz;nlhd;iwr;  nrtp kLj;jpUg;ghHfs;.

 

ehjHKb Nky; ,Uf;Fk; ehfg; ghk;Ng!
er;Rg;igia itj;j;pUf;Fk; ey;y ghk;Ng!
ghjyj;jpy; FbGFk; ey;y ghk;Ng!
ghbg;ghb epd;W ML ghk;Ng!

 

jpiug;glj;jpYk; te;J rf;if Nghl;l ghly; ,J. ,ij ,aw;wpatH ghk;ghl;br; rpj;jH.

gjpndz; rpj;jHfs; vd;gJ kuG. Mdhy; mtHfs; ahH ahH vd;gjpy; fUj;J xw;Wik ,y;iy. mjdhy; gjpndl;Lf;Fk;; Nkw;gl;l rpj;jHfs; ngaHfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.

 

xU gok;ghly; gjpnzd; rpj;jHfsJ ngaHfis tupirg;gLj;JfpwJ.

 

ee;jp> mfj;jpaH> jpU%yH> Gz;zhf;fPuH
ew;wtj;Jg; Gyj;jpaH G+idf; fz;zdhH
,ilf;fhlH> NghfH> Gypf;ifaPrH>
fUT+uhH> nfhq;fzH> fhyhQ;rp
vOfz;zH. mfg;Nga;> ghk;ghl;b
NjiuaH> Fjk;igaH> rl;ilehjH

 

,e;jr; rpj;jHfs; ahH? mtHfsJ tuyhW vd;d? ,it ngupJk; %L ke;jpukhfNt ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

,tHfisg; gw;wpa tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;Gf;fs; mjpfk; ,y;iy. khwhf mtHfisg; gw;wpa nrtptopf; fijfNs kpQ;rp epw;fpd;wd. ,tHfsJ fhyk; 10 Mk; Ehw;whz;Lf;Fk; 18 Mk; Ehw;whz;Lf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l fhykhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. jpU%yH fhyk; 10 Mk; Ehw;whz;lhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

 

rpj;jHfshy; ghlg;ngw;w ngupa Qhdf; Nfhit vd toq;Fk; rpj;jH ghly;fspd; njhFg;G Ehy; xd;Wk; rpy kUj;jt Ehy;fSk; kl;LNk ,d;W fpilf;fpd;wd. gy ghly;fSk; Ehy;fSk; kiwe;J tpl;ld. ,Ue;Jk; ,d;Dk; mr;rpy; tuhj Vl;Lr; Rtbfs; Mapuf; fzf;fpy; ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

rpj;J my;yJ rpj;jp vd;why; Mw;wy;> ntw;wp> if$ly; vd;W xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l nghUs; cz;L. xUtH mrhjhuz nraiyr; nra;jhy; mtH rpj;J tpisahl;L nra;fpwhH vd;gJ nghUs;.  xUtH NjHtpy; rpj;jp va;jptpl;lhH vd;why; mtH NjHtpy; ntw;wp ngw;Wtpl;lhH vd;W nghUs;. Nghd fhupak; rpj;jp vd;why; Nghd Ntiy  if$btpl;lJ vd;W nghUs;.

 

vdNt rpj;jHfs; vd;why; Nguhw;wy; gilj;jtHfs; vd;W nghUs;. nghJthf ml;lkh rpj;;jpfs; (vz;tif Mw;wy;) ifte;jtHfNs rpj;jHfs; vdg;gLfpwhHfs;.

kfhftp ghujpahH $l jd;id xU rpj;jH vd;W nrhd;dhH.

 

vdf;F Kd;Nd
rpj;jH gyH ,Ue;jhug;gh!
ahDk; te;Njd; xUrpj;jd;
,e;j ehl;by;  

 

vd;fpwhH. NkYk; jhk; ,aw;wpa Gjpa Mj;jp #bapy; rp;j;jH ghzpapy;-

 

mr;rk; jtpH
VWNghy; el
nja;tk; eP vd;WzH
epidg;gJ KbAk;

 

vd mbj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH.

 

jkpo;r; rpj;jHfs; kUj;Jtk;> Gtpapay;> ke;jpuk;> je;jpuk;> Qhdk;> Nahfk;> ,urthjk;  gw;wp  ghly;fs; ghbAs;shHfs;. Mdhy; rKjhaj;ijg; gw;wp ahUk;  jdp Ehy; ,aw;wtpy;iy. MapDk; midj;Jr; rpj;jH ghly;fspy; rKjha rPHjpUj;j kWkyHr;rpf; fUj;Jf;fs; kpFe;jpUg;gijf; fhzyhk;.

 

jkpo;r; rpj;jHfsJ rpj;j kUj;Jtk; Gfo;ngw;wJ. rpj;j kUj;Jtj;jpy; nrb> nfhb> fdp> fpoq;F> NtH> gl;il Nghd;wtw;wpy; ,Ue;J kl;;Lk; my;yhJ jq;fk;> cg;G> ghjurk; (mercury) Nghd;w  cNyhfq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; et gh\hzq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; kUe;J jahupfg;gLfpwJ.

 

jkpo;r; rpj;jHfs; gf;jp khHf;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;whJ Fz;lypdp Nahf khHf;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;wpdhHfs;. capH kl;Lky;y. clYk; epj;jpakhdJ vd;gJ ,tHfs; Nfhl;ghL. .

rhjp kj Ngjj;ij fLikahff; fz;bj;jhHfs;. kdpj Fyk; xd;W. NjtDk; xd;Nw vd;whHfs;.

 

irt rpj;jhe;jj;jpy; cs;s rupia fpupia ,uz;ilAk; fz;bj;jhHfs;. cUt topghl;ilr; rhbdhHfs;. Ruz;liyNa Fwpahff; nfhz;l gpuhkzPa rlq;Ffisf; fLikahf vjpHj;jhHfs;.

 

rpj;jHfspy; jpU%yH Kjd;ik ,lk; tfpf;fpwhH. mtH ghba jpUke;jpuk; 3>027 ghly;fisf; nfhz;lJ. ,JNt irt rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; mbg;gilia tpsf;FfpwJ. 'xd;Nw Fyk; xUtNd NjtDk; ed;Nw epidkpd; ekdpy;iy ehzhNk' vd;w ,tuJ $w;W NguwpQH mz;zhTf;Fk; mtH jk;gpkhHf;Fk; rk;kjNk.

 

mz;zh Ntiyf;fhup jpiug;glj;jpy; rhjpiar; rhLtjw;F jpU%yupd; "xd;Nw Fyk; xUtNd Njtd; vd;w Kof;fj;ijf; ifapy; vLj;jhH.  

 

NjiuaH vd;w rpj;jH vOjpa "Neha;aZfh tpjp;" rpwe;j kUj;Jt Ehy; vd;gH.

 

,d;ndhU Gfo;ngw;w rpj;jH mfj;jpaH. mfj;jpak; vd;w ,yf;fz Ehy; nra;j mfj;jpaH NtW ,tH NtW. mfj;jpaH vd;w ngaupy; gyH ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

"NjLfpd;w Guhznky;yhk; ngha;Na vd;Nwd;
MLfpd;w jPHj;jnky;yhk; mRj;j nkd;Nwd;"

 

vd;ghH mfj;jpaH.

'%Hf;fUld; gofhNj ngha; nrhy;yhNj
gpd;Nd eP jpupahNj gpzq;fplhNj'

 

vd;gJ ef;fPuH $w;W.

 

jkpo;r; rKjhaj;jpy; ,d;Wk; ngU Nehahf cs;s rhjpia rpj;jHfs; fLikahf rhbapUf;fpwhHfs;.  Nky; rhjp fPo; rhjp> rhjpf;Fs; rhjp ,tw;iw md;Nw ngha; vdj; Jzpe;J rhba newp rpj;jHfsJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

 

'rhjp Fykpy;iy> rw;FUtwpe;jhy;'

'rhjpg; gpuptpdpNy jPia %l;LNthk;'

'rhjpNgjk; vd;gnjhd;W rw;Wkpy;;iy ,y;iyNa'

 

vdg; gyH rpj;jHfs; rhjpf; nfhLikia vjpHj;J Fuy; nfhLj;Js;shHfs;. rhjpg; gpupit kpFjpg;gLj;jp tsHf;Fk; rlq;F> Mrhu> rhj;jpuf; Fg;igfshy; jPikNaad;wp mZtsTk; ed;id ,y;iy vd;whHfs;.

 

'fiyAiuj;j fw;gidia epiynadf; nfhz;lhLk;
fz;%bg; gof;fnky;yhk; kz; %bg; Nghf'

 

vd mUl;ngUQ; Nrhjp jdpg; ngUq; fUiz vd;w rkur rd;khHf;fj;ijf; fhl;ba ,uhkypq;f mbfs; $WfpwhH.

 

,d;ndhU Gfo;ngw;w rpj;jH rptthf;fpaH. Mdhy; ,tuJ ngaH gjpnzd; rpj;jHfspd; gl;baypy; ,lk;ngwtpy;iy.. ,Ue;Jk; rpj;jHfspy; ,tH xU mjpjPtpug; Nghf;Fila rpj;jH MthH. xU rpy rpj;jH ghly;fs; gjpg;Gf;fspy; ,tuJ ngaH Kjy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.

 

nkhj;j rpj;jHfspd; vz;zpf;if 50 f;F Nky; ,Uf;fpwJ!

 

rptthf;fpaH rhjp> rkak;> Nfhapy;> Fsk;> ke;jpuk; je;jpuk;> Mrhuk; rlq;F Nghd;w FUl;L ek;gpf;iffis kpfTk; fLikahfj; jhf;fpa Gul;rpahsH. xt;nthU ghly;fspYk; %l ek;gpf;iffSf;F vjpuhd mtuJ rPw;wk;> ntWg;G Jyhk;gukhfj; njupfpwJ.

 

,jdhy; muz;L Nghd irt MjPdq;fs; ehl;bYs;s rptthf;fpaH ghly;fs; mlq;fpa Vl;Lr; Rtbfis Njb vLj;Jf; nfhSj;jpdhHfs;.

 

rpj;jHfspd; ghly;fs; Xir eak; kpf;fit. goF jkpopy; ghlg;gl;lit. ,Ue;Jk; kiwnghUs; nghUs; nfhz;lit. ghly;fisg; gbf;Fk; NghJ Neubahf xU nghUSk; kiwKfkhf ,d;ndhU nghUSk; ,Uf;ff; fhzyhk;.

 

'el;l fy;iy Rw;wp te;J ehY Gl;gk; rhj;jpNa
Rw;wp te;J nkhnznkhnzd;W nrhy;Yk; ke;jpuk; Vjlh?
el;l fy;Yk; NgRNkh? ehjd; cs;spUf;ifapy;
Rl;l rl;b rl;Ltk; fwpr; Rit mwpANkh?'

 

rptthf;fpaH ghba ,e;jg; ghly; ehlwpe;j ghly;.

 

Rl;l rl;bAk; mjpy; NtFfpd;w fwpiaf; fpsWfpd;w fuz;bAk; me;jf; fwpr;Ritia mwpahjJ Nghy> guk;nghUs; ek; cs;sj;Nj ,Uf;f mij mwpahky; fw;rpiyf;F ehd;F tif kyHfs; rhw;WtJk; mijr; Rw;wp te;J KZ KZf;Fk; ke;jpuk; vq;Fs;sJ?

 

el;l fy; NgRNkh? NgrhJ!

 

,t;thW cUt topghl;il kWj;J rptthf;fpaH  ehj;jpfthjk; NgRfpwhH. ,t;thW 534 ghly;fspy; rptthf;fpaH cUt topghl;ilAk; rlq;FfisAk; mQ;rhJ rhb r%f rPHjpUj;jf; fUj;Jf;fis tpijj;Js;shH.  

 

rptthf;fpaH gw;wpa tho;f;iff; Fwpg;G xd;Wk; fpilj;jpyJ. mtuJ ,aw;ngaH>  CH> ngw;NwhH ngaH njupatpy;iy. rptthf;fpak; vd;w ,tuJ Ehypd; fhg;Gr; nra;Aspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ngaupNyNa ,tH rptthf;fpaH vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwhH.

 

rptthf;fpaH jhAkhdtuhy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; ngUik ngw;wtH. (tsUk;)

 

 


 

 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (2)

 

rhjpAk; jP;z;lhikAk; ,e;J kjj;ij gPbj;Js;s Neha;fs;!

 

,d;W cyfpy; mjpNtfkhf tsHe;J tUk; kjk; ,];yhk;. ,J Nfl;gjw;F frg;ghf ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy; mJjhd; cz;ik. ,jw;F me;j kjj;jpd; vspik. vy;yhk; ty;y> vy;yhk; njupe;j> vq;Fk; epiwe;j> cUtk; mw;w xU flTis tzq;FtJ fhuzkhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

 

,];yhk; kjj;jpd; Ntj Ehy; Fuhd; kl;LNk. muG nkhopapy; vOjg;gl;l Fuhdpy;  114 mj;jpahaq;fs;> 6>666 trdq;fs;> 1>709 gf;fq;fs;> 336>233 nrhw;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Fuhid fgpupay; vd;w Njt Jhjd; 23 Mz;L (fp.gp. 610-fp.gp.632) fhyg; gFjpapy; KfkJ egpf;F mUspajhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

fpwpj;jt kjj;jpd; Ntj Ehy;fspd; vz;zpf;if 66.  mj;jpahaq;fs; 1>709. trdq;fs; 31>173. gf;fq;fs; 1>709>  nrhw;fs; 774>746 fhzg;gLfpd;wd. 66  Gj;jfq;fSk; (27 gioa Vw;ghL)   3 nkhopfspy; fpl;lj;jl;l 1>500 Mz;L fhyk; vOjg;gl;lJ. gioa Vw;ghl;il `Pg;G& nkhopapy; vOjpa Kjy; kdpjH Nkhr];. mij vOjp Kbf;f 1>000 Mz;Lfs; vLj;jJ. mjpy; rpy mj;jpahaq;fs; mwhkpf; (Aramic) nkhopapy; vOjg;gl;lJ. gioa Vw;ghL fp.K. 300 Mz;lstpy; fpNuf;f nkhopapy; nkhop ngaHf;fg;gl;lJ. Gjpa Vw;ghL fp.gp. 50-fp.gp. 100 ,ilg;gl;l fhyg; gFjpapy; fpNuf;f nkhopapy; vOjg;gl;lJ.   

 

irtrkaj;jpd; mbg;gil Ehy;fs; Ntjq;fSk; rpthfkq;fSk; MFk;. 'Ntj நாd;fpDk; nga;g; nghUshtJ" vd;w rk;ge;jH Njtuhuj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l  ,Uf;F> aRH> rhkk;> mjHtzk; vd;w ehy; Ntjq;fisAk; tpahrH njhFj;jjhff; $wg;gLfpwJ.

 

xt;nthU NtjKk; ehd;F gFjpfisf; nfhz;lit. mit ke;jpuq;fs;> gpukhzq;fs;> Muz;aq;fs;> cgepljq;fs; vdg;gLk;.

 

,Uf;F Ntjj;jpy; 1>028 ghRuq;fs; cs;sd.  ,jpy; ,e;jpuDf;F 250> mf;dpf;F 200> NrhkDf;F 120> tUzDf;F 12 ghRuq;fs; ghlg; ngw;Ws;sd.

 

,e;jg; ghRuq;fs; nts;is epwj;jtuhd MupaHfs; jq;fs;  fUg;G epw vjpupfshd j];A+f;fis mopf;FkhWk; mg;gb mopj;j flTsHf;F Nrhkghdk; gilj;J ed;wp ghuhl;Ltd MFk;.

 

X! cyfk; Nghw;Wk; ,e;jpuNd!R\;&tid vjpHj;j ,UgJ fWg;G murHfisAk; mtHfsJ mWgjpdhapuj;Jj; njhz;Z}w;wpnahd;gJ gilfisAk; eP cd; NjH rf;fuj;Jf;F ,iuahf;fp eRffpf; nfhd;W MupaHfSf;F cjtpGupe;jha;.

 

(,Uf;F Ntjk; kz;lyk; I ke;jpuk; 53> ];Nyhfk; 9 mjHtzNtjk; fhz;lk; XX ke;jpuk; 21> RNyhfk; 9)  

 

Nrhkd; vd;gJ cUtfk;. Nrhkr; nrbapy; ,Ue;J gpope;J vLf;fg;gLk; fs;isf; Fwpg;gJ. mij MupaHfs; jhq;fSk; Fbj;J flTsHf;Fk; gilj;jhHfs;.

NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l ehd;F Ntjf; flTsHf;Fk; topghL ,g;NghJ ,y;iy vd;gJ ftdpf;fj;jf;fJ.

 

Ntjhq;fq;fs; MW

 

    1) rpf;if -          Ntjq;fis cr;rupf;Fk; Kiw.
    2) fw;gk;  -          Ntjf; fUkq;fis mDl;bg;gijf; $Wk;.
    3) tpahfuzk; -      Ntjq;fspd; vOj;Jr; nrhw;fspd; ,yf;fzq;fisf; $WtJ.
    4) epUj;jk; -         Ntjq;fspy; cs;s nrhw;fspd; nghUis mwptpg;gJ.  
    5) re;Njhtprpjp -      Ntjq;fspd; fhaj;jpup> mjd; re;jq;fs;> vOj;jpd; msT

vd;gtw;iwf; $WtJ.
 

    6) Nrhjplk; -        Ntj ke;jpuq;fisr; nrhy;tjw;F fhyq;fisf; Fwpg;gJ.

 

Ntjj;jpd; cghfkq;fs; ehd;F

 

    1) gjpndz; Guhzk; -  rptd;> tpl;Z> gpukd;> #upad;> mf;fpdp ,tHfspd; Mw;wy;
                         gw;wp gbg;gwpT Fiwe;jtHfSf;F tpsq;f  itg;gJ   
    2) epahak; -          Ntjg; nghUis epl;rapg;gjw;F cjTtJ.
    3) kPkhQ;ir          Ntjg; nghUspd; jhHg;gupaj;ij mwpa cjTtJ.
    4) ];kpUjp -          ehy; tUzk;> Mr;rpukq;fSf;Fupa jHkq;fisf; $WtJ.

 

cg Ntjq;fs; ehd;F

 

    1) MAH Ntjk;     -   itj;jpa Ehy;
    2) jDH Ntjk;   -     gilf;fyg; gapw;rp gw;wpa Ehy;. jDH vd;why; tpy; vd;W
                          nghUs;.
    3) fhe;jUt Ntjk;  -   flTSf;Fk; kdpjUf;Fk; cupa ,iria mwptpg;gJ.
    4) mUj;j Ntjk; - -    ,k;ik kWikf;F cupa nghUs; rk;ghjpj;jy; njhlHghd
                          rhj;jpuq;fisf; $WtJ.

 

kiw nghUl; Nfhl;ghLfis mwpTWj;Jk; cg epljq;fspd; vz;zpf;if 108. mjpy; 12 rpwg;ghdit. ,e;j cg epljq;fNs Ntjhe;jk; vd miof;fg;gLfpd;wd.

 

rpthfkq;fs; 28. ,it rptngUkhdpd; Ie;J jpUKfq;fspy; ,Ue;J Njhd;wpait vd;W ek;gg;gLfpwJ. mit ehd;F ghjq;fisf; nfhz;lit.

 

    1) Qhdghjk; -    Kg;nghUs; cz;ik
    2) Nahfghjk; -    ml;lhq;f rptNahfk;
    3) fpupahghjk; -   ke;jpuq;fspd; cj;jhuk;> re;jpahte;jdk;> G+ir> nrgk;>
                     mHr;rid> Mrhupa> mgpNrfk;
    4) rupahghjk; -    rkahrhuq;fis cgNjrpf;fpwJ

 

rptid Ntjj;NjhL ,izj;Jk; topghl;bid Mfkj;Jld; NrHj;Jk; nrhy;tJ irtj;jpd; nghJg; Nghf;fhFk;. ,jd; fhuzkhfNt irtj;Jf;F Ntjk; nghJ> Mfkk; rpwg;G vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

rpthfkq;fspd; top Ehy;fs; 207. rpthfkq;fspd; rhHG Ehy;fs; 8.  gd;dpU jpUKiwfs; Ntjj;jpd; top my;yJ rhHG Ehy;fshFk;. 11 Mk; jpUKiwapy; NrHf;fg;gl;Ls;s 'jpUKfg;ghRuk;' rptdhy; mUsg;gl;lJ vd;gH. vQ;rpait rptQhdk; iftug;ngw;w Qhdpfshy; ghlg;gl;lit. NtjhfNk jkpo; Ntjkhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

 

,tw;iwtpl Ntjq;fs;> rpthfkq;fs;> Guhzq;fs;> jpUKiwfs; topte;j 14 rpj;jhe;j rhj;jpuq;fSk; cz;L.

 

,tw;iw jpUtpaYhH ca;ate;j NjtH (jpUTe;jpahH) jpUf;flT+H ca;ate;j NjtH (jpUf;fspw;Wg; ghbahH) nka;fz;l NjtH (rptQhdNghjk;)

 

mUze;jp rpthr;rhupahH (rptQhd rpj;jpahH> ,UghypUgJ)jpUtjpif kdthrfk; fle;jhH (cz;ik tpsf;fk;)

 

kiwQhd rk;ge;jH (rjkzpj;jpul;L)

 

ckhgjp rpthr;rhupahH (rptg;gpufhrk; Kjy; rq;fw;g epuhfuzk; <whf 8 rhj;jpuq;fs;).

 

,tHfs; 13-14 tJ Ehw;whz;Lfspy; tho;e;jtHfs;.

 

gjpdhd;F rpj;jhe;j rhj;jpuq;fspd; %yKk; ciuAk; nfhz;l Ehy; kl;Lk; 1206 gf;fq;fs; nfhz;lit.

 

Fuhid Kad;why; nel;LUr; nra;J nfhs;syhk;. iggpis gbf;f khjq;fs; vLf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,e;J Ntjhfkq;fisg; gbf;f tho;ehs; NghjhJ!

 

Nfhapy; mHr;rfHfs; cl;gl Ntjhfkq;fisg; gbj;j irtHfis tpuy; tpl;L vz;zptplyhk;.

 

gjp (,iwtd;) gR (capH) ghrk; (Mztk;> khia> fd;kk;)

 

Mjp rq;fuupd; (fp.gp. 788-820) mj;Jitjk; (capHfSk; cyfKk; gpukj;jpd; Njhw;wNk vd;w khahthjk;. ,uz;ld;ik)

 

rq;fuupd; mj;Jitjj;ij kWf;Fk; ,uhkDrupd; (fp.gp. 1017-1137) tprpl;lhj;Jitjk; (rpj;J mrpj;J ,uz;Lk; <RtuDk; xd;Nw)

 

kj;Jtupd; (fp.gp. 1199-1278) Jitjk; (rPthd;khTk; gukhd;khTk; NtW NtW)  ,e;jf; Nfhl;ghLfis gbj;J nghUs; czHe;J nfhz;ltHfs; mupJ.   

 

,jdhy; irt rkaj;jtHfs; mHr;rid mgpNrfk; Nghd;w rupia fpupifNahL epd;W tpLfpwhHfs;.

 

,];yhk;> fpwpj;jtk;> ,e;J rkaq;fSf;F ,ilapy; xU xw;Wik cs;sJ. mJ mtHfsJ kj Ehy;fs; me;je;j kjf; flTs; thf;F vd;gJ. Ntjq;fSk; Mfkq;fSk; jhNk Njhd;wpait. kdpjHfshy; ,aw;wg;glhky; ,iwtdhy; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;lit vd;W irt rpj;jhe;jk; $WfpwJ.

 

Nja;e;J tUfpw rkaq;fspy; ,e;J rkak; Kd;dzpapy; epw;fpwJ. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; me;j kjj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; tHz NgjKk; rhjp mikg;Gk; tlnkhop -gpuhkzpa Nkyhz;ikAk; MFk;.  

 

fle;j Ig;grp 16Mk; ehs; nguk;gY}H Jiwkq;fyk; mUNf jpUr;rp- nrd;id Njrpa neLQ;rhiyapd; fpof;F gFjpapy; ele;j Gj;j khehl;by; Ehw;Wf; fzf;fhd jypj; ,e;Jf;fs; nkhl;il mbj;J Gj;j kjj;jpy; ,ize;jdH.  

 

nguk;gY}H khtl;l mk;Ngj;fH ,isQH Kd;dzp jkpo;ehL mikg;gpdUk;> gd;dhl;L gTj;j ,isQH ,af;fk; Mfpad ,ize;J ,e;j epfo;r;rpia elj;jpaJ.  

 

,jw;fhd tpohTf;F mz;zy; mk;Ngj;fH ,isQH Kd;dzp khepy jiytH Nf.fe;jrhkp jiyik jhq;fpdhH. lhf;lH NtZ mz;zhkiy Kd;dpiy tfpj;jhH. Nf.gp.jk;knrd; tuNtw;whH.

 

',e;j kj khw;w epfo;r;rp xU Muk;gk; jhd;. jho;j;jg;gl;l ,dj;jtUf;F ,d;Dk; r%f ePjp fpilf;ftpy;iy. jPz;lhik ,d;Dk; xopatpy;iy. fpuhkq;fspy; ,d;Dk; ,ul;il jk;sH Kiw cs;sJ. ,e;j Vw;wj;jho;Tfis Nghf;fj;jhd; jho;j;jg;gl;NlhH Gj;j kjj;jpy; NrUfpd;wdH. ,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa Gj;j kjj;ij GJg;gpf;fpNwhk;. jkpofj;jpd; midj;J khtl;lq;fspYk; Gj;j klq;fs; fl;l KbT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ' vd;W jiytH fe;jrhkp $wpdhH.

 

gTj;j NjuH ghjpjk;kh kw;Wk; gTj;j NjuHfs; Gj;jH rpiyf;F mgpNrfk; nra;jdH. mLj;J mk;Ngj;fH rpiyf;F khiy mzptpj;J ghypnkhopapy; ke;jpuk; XjpdH. gpd;dH Gj;j kjj;jpy; Nru tpUk;gpa midtUk; gTj;j NjuH Nghjpjk;kh jiyikapy; 22 cWjpnkhopfisr; nra;J jPl;ir ngw;Wf; nfhz;ldH.  

 

lhf;lH gp.MH. mk;Ngj;fhH ehf;G+upy; 1956 Ig;grp 15 ,y; jdJ 800>000 MjuthsHfNshL ,e;J kjj;ij iftpl;L Gj;jkjj;jpy; NrHe;J nfhz;lhH. ,e;J kjj;jpy; GiuNahbg; Ngha;tpl;l rhjp> jPz;lhik> %lek;gpf;iffs; kw;Wk; rlq;Ffs; ,tw;wpy; ,Ue;J tpLglNt ,e;j kjkhw;wk; ,lk; ngw;wjhf mg;NghJ mk;Ngj;fhH $wpdhH.    

 

,e;j kjkhw;wk; gw;wp irt MjPdq;fs; ftiyg;gLtjpy;iy. fhQ;rp fhkNfhb gPlk; Jf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. irt-,e;J mikg;Gf;fs; tUj;jg;gLtjpy;iy. ,e;J guprj; myl;bf; nfhs;tjpy;iy.

 

kjkhw;wk; vd;gJ jiyapbf;F jiyaizia khw;wpf; nfhs;tJ Nghd;wJ. kjq;fs; vd;gJ xNu Fl;ilapy; CWk; kl;ilfs;jhd;. Mdhy; xg;gPl;lstpy; ,e;J kjk; vd;w kl;ilapd; ehw;wk; Fkl;ly; vLf;f itf;fpwJ. xUtdJ xOf;fj;ij my;yhJ gpwg;it itj;J Fyj;Jf;F xxU ePjp nrhy;Yk; kjk; ,e;J kjk; xd;Wjhd;.  

 

Gj;j kjj;jpy; kl;Lky;y ,];yhk; kjj;jpw;Fk; jkpo;j; jypj;Jfs; khwp tUfpwhHfs;. jkpo;ehl;by; Gj;jkjj;jpdH kpf kpff; FiwT. Mdhy; fpwpj;jtHfSk; ,];yhkpaHfSk; nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 11 tpOf;fhL ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

1981 rpj;jpiu khjj;jpy; jpUney;Ntyp khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s kPdhl;rpGuj;ijr; NrHe;j 180 jypj; FLk;gq;fs; Kw;whf ,];yhk; kjj;ij jOtpaJ. ,e;j KbTf;F cldbf; fhuzk; Nkyf;fiu NjtH rhjpiar; NrHe;j 2 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;lij mLj;J jypj; kf;fs; kPJ Vtp tplg;gl;l td;KiwNa.  

 

,e;j kjkhw;wk; Njrpa mstpy; ngupa mjpHtiyfis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. mly; gpfhH th[;gha; cl;gl gy  Njrpaj; jiytHfs;  me;j CUf;Fr; nrd;W kjk; khwpatHfsJ kdij khw;w Kaw;rpj;jhHfs;.

 

Mdhy; mtHfs; ,e;J xLf;FKiwf;F kPz;Lk; jpUk;g khl;Nlhk; vd;W cWjpahfr; nrhy;yptpl;lhHfs;. (Indian Express)

 

xU khjk; fopj;J ,uhkehjGuk; cj;jkNfhrkq;if ,uNthL ,uhthf nkhfkJGukhf khwpaJ. 150 jypj; FLk;gq;fs; ,];yhk; kjj;ij jOtpaJ.

 

fle;j Mz;L `upahdh khepyk; Jypahdh vd;w ,lj;jpy; 5 jypj; kf;fs; rhjp ,e;Jf;fshy; nfh^ukhff; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. ,ijapl;L fUj;Jj; njuptpj;j tp\;t ,e;J guprj; jiytH xUtH 'xU jypj;jpd; ngWkjp xU gRtpd; ngWkjpf;Ff; FiwthdJ' vd;W Mztj;NjhL nrhd;dhH.

 

rhjp ,e;Jf;fs; jypj; kf;fis kl;Lky;y mtHfs; tzq;Fk; khld;> fhld;> fhj;jtuhad;> mk;kd;> ma;adhH  Nghd;w nja;tq;fisAk; jPz;lg;glhj nja;tq;fshfg; ghHf;fpwhHfs;. etuhj;jpup G+irapd; NghJ rhjpf; flTsHfs; 'jPl;Lg;gl;l' jypj; nja;tq;fisg; 'ghHf;fhj' tz;zk; fUj;jr; rPiyahy; %lg;gLfpd;wdH!

 

jpUr;rp khtl;lk; jpz;zpak; vd;w Cupy; caHrhjp ,e;J Kjyhspaplk; $yp Nfl;l xU jypj; njhopyhspapd; njhz;ilf;Fs; kyk; jpzpf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

rhjpfs; ,y;iyab ghg;gh - Fyj; jho;r;rp caHr;rp nrhy;yy; ghtk;! vd;W ghba ghujp gpwe;j ehl;by;>

 

'rhjpg; gpuptpdpNt jPia %l;LNthk; re;ij ntspapdpNy Nfhiy ehl;LNthk;'

 

vd;W rhba ghk;ghl;br; rpj;jH gpwe;j kz;zpy;  ,e;j mUtUg;ghd> mehfupfkhd nfhLik ele;jJ.  ,e;j epfo;it tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; jiytH njhy;. jpUkhtstd; fdlhtpw;F te;;jpUe;jNghJ kpFe;j NtjidNahL Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

 

rhjpAk; jPz;lhikAk; ,e;J kjj;jpj;jpy; gbe;Js;s fiwfs; vd;W cyf cj;jkH fhe;jp nrhd;dhH. NtjKk; kD ];kpUjpNa ,e;J rKjhaj;jpy; vz;zw;w rhjpfis cUthf;fpaJ.

 

gy Mapuk; Mz;Lfshf ,e;J kjj;jpd; rhjpf; nfhLikf;Fk;  jPz;lhikf;Fk; ,iuahfpa jypj; kf;fNs mtw;wpy; ,Ue;J jg;g kjk; khWfpwhHfs;.

 

,e;J kjj;ijg; gPbj;Js;s Neha;fisg; gw;wp vOjpdhy; 'ghH ghH Kof;fk; VL irtj;ijAk; jkpioAk; mopf;fpwJ' vd;W rpyH thapYk; tapw;wpYk; mbj;Jf; nfhz;L xg;ghup itf;fpwhHfs;.

 

mg;gbg;gl;ltHfs; vq;fs; kPJ ghahky;  irtj;ijAk; jkpioAk; ahH mopf;fpwhHfs; vjdhy; mop;fpwJ  vd;gij Mu mku rpe;jpj;J ,uz;ilAk; fhg;ghw;w NehiaAk;> Nehapd; %y fhuzj;ijAk;> mijj; jPHf;Fk; cghaj;jpidAk; mwpe;J gpioglhky; itj;jpak; nra;a Kd;tuNtz;Lk;.

 

rpj;jH fl;Liuj; njhliug; gbj;J tpl;L gy thrfHfs; ghuhl;b vOjpAs;shHfs;.

 

,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J fz;zk;kh vd;w thrfH rhjpg; Nga; xspe;Jtpl;ljh? xope;J tpl;ljh? vd;W Nfl;L vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

 

,e;jpahtpYk; jkpofj;jpYk; rhjp xopatpy;iy. jkpoPok;> fdlh cl;gl Gyk;ngaH ehLfspy; rhjp  xspe;J ,Uf;fpwJ! mjdhy;jhd; ,e;jf; fl;Liuj; njhlUf;F 'rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs;' vd;W jiyg;Gf; nfhLj;Njd;.

 

rhjp kjg; Ngia Xl;ba rpj;jHfs; vd;W vOjtpy;iy. Nga; ,d;Wk; ,Uf;fpwJ.  (njhlUk;)

 

 


 

 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (3)

 

,e;J kjj;jpy; ehy; tHzk; mjd; Mzp NtH! rhjpfs; ry;yp NtHfs;!

 

nrd;w fpoik lhf;lH mk;Ngj;fhH 1981 Mk; Mz;L Ig;grp 15 ,y;  jdJ 800>000 MjuthsHfNshL ,e;J kjj;ij cjwptpl;L

 

Gj;j kjj;ij jOtpdhH vd vOjpapUe;Njd;.

 

'ehd; ,e;Jthf rhf khl;Nld;!;' vd;W $wp mg;Ngj;fhH kjk; khwpa ehs; xt;nthU Mz;Lk;

 

mNj ehf;G+upy; rpwg;ghff; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.

 

,e;j tpohtpy; ntspehL kw;Wk; ehl;bd; gy gFjpfspy; ,Ue;J ,yl;rf;fzf;fhNdhH fye;J nfhs;fpd;wdH. ,e;j Mz;L eilngw;w tpohtpy; 65>000 Mapuj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l ,e;J jypj; kf;fs; Gj;j kjj;ij jOtpdhHfs;.

 

,e;j rpwg;G epfo;r;rpapy; ag;ghdpy; gpwe;J ,e;jpahtpy; tjpAk; Gj;j rd;dpahrp ghe;jp ehfhHRd; Ruha;rrha; Gj;j kjj;ij jOtpatHfSf;F rhd;wpjo;fisAk; toq;fpdhH.

 

Gj;jkjj;ij jOTfpwtHfs; 22 cWjp nkhopfis vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;.  

 

gpukd;> tp\;Z> rptd; Nghd;Nwhiu flTs; vd;W fUjNth topglNth khl;Nld;.

 

fTup> fzgjp Nghd;Nwhiu flTs; vd;W fUjNth topglNth khl;Nld;.

 

,uhkd;> fpU\;zd; ,UtiuAk; flTs; mtjhuk; vLf;fpwhH vd;gij ehd; ek;g khl;Nld;.

 

gfthd; Gj;jH kfhtp\;Ztpd; mtjhuk; vd;gij ek;gkhl;Nld;. mg;gb gug;Giu nra;tJ FWk;Gj;jdKk; ngha;ahdJk; MFk;.

 

ehd; xU NghJk; rpuhHj;jk; nra;a khl;Nld;.

 

gTj;j Nfhl;ghLfSf;F vjpuhf xU NghJk; elf;f khl;Nld;.

 

gpuhkzHfshy; elj;jg;gLk; fpupiffs; vjidAk; Vw;f khl;Nld;.

 

midtUk; rkk; vd;w nfhs;ifia ehd; ek;GfpNwd;.

 

rkj;Jtj;ij Vw;gLj;jg; ghLgLNtd;.

 

Gj;j gfthdpd; ml;lhq;f khHf;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;WNtd;.

 

jUkj;jpd; jrrPyq;fis gpd;gw;WNtd;.

 

vy;yh capHfs; kPJk; fUiz fhl;LNtd;. mtw;iw Kbe;j kl;Lk; fhg;ghw;WNtd;.

ngha; nrhy;ykhl;Nld;.

 

jpUl khl;Nld;.  

 

fhkj;jpy; coy khl;Nld;;. ghy; czHtpy; mj;JkPw khl;Nld;.

 

Nghij jUk; FbiaNah kJitNah ehd; mUe;jkhl;Nld;.

 

Kbe;j kl;Lk; vdJ tho;f;ifia gTj;j nfhs;if. fUiz ,tw;iw mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l cgNjrq;fSf;F ,zq;f mikj;Jf; nfhs;Ntd;.

 

ghHg;gdH jtpHj;j gpw kdpjHfis fPohd gpwtpfs; vd;W fUJtJk;  rkj;Jtkw;w epiyapy; ek;gpf;if cilaJk; kdpjHfspd; tpLjiyf;Ff; Nflhf ,Ug;gJkhd ,e;J kjj;ij ehd; iftpl;Ltpl;L Gj;j khHf;fj;ijf; iff;nfhs;fpNwd;.

 

gTj;j jUkNk rpwe;j kjk; vd;gij ehd; Kw;whf ek;GfpNwd;.

 

ehd; ,d;W kWgpwtp vLj;Js;Nsd; vd;gij ek;GfpNwd;.

 

ehd; ,d;W Kjy; gTj;j jUkk; cgNjrpg;gJNghy; xOFNtd;.

 

gTj;jk; xU khHf;fNk jtpu kjky;y. mJ gpw;fhyj;jpy; kjkhf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

gFj;jwpTthjpahd Gj;jH nja;tk; Mf;fg;gl;lhH. mtuJ Kd;ida gpwg;Gf;fisg; gw;wp ek;gKbahj fw;gidf; fijfis mtuJ rPlHfs; vOjp itj;jhHfs;.

 

gTj;jk; rKjha rkj;Jtf; fUj;Jf;fisg; gug;GfpwJ. epw mbg;gilapy; nrhy;yg;gl;l Ntw;Wikiaj; jfHf;fpwJ. mjd; cl;gpupthd rhjp tuk;Gfis kWf;fpwJ. gpwg;ghy; xUtd; gpuhkzd; MfKbahJ. xOf;fj;jhy; kl;LNk xUtd; gpuhkzdhf KbAk; vd gTj;jk; nrhy;fpwJ.  

 

gTj;jk; Mz; ngz; ,ilNa ghy; mbg;gilapyhd NtWghl;il mfw;wpaJ.

 

Mz;fisg; NghyNt ngz;fs; gTj;j rq;fj;jpy; Jwtpfshfr; NrHf;fg; gl;lhHfs;.

 

gTj;jk; kdpjdJ tpidf;F mtNd fhuzk; vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. ey;yJ nra;jhy; ey;tpidg; gad; fpilf;Fk; vd;Wk; jPaJ nra;jhy; jPtpidg; gad; NrUk; vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. Gj;jH Qhdk; ngw;wgp;d;dH ehd;F tha;ikfis Nghjpj;jhH.

 

KyhtJ tha;ik - gpwj;jy; Jd;gk;. gpzp Jd;gk;. jsHr;rp Jd;gk;.  kuzk; Jd;gk;. Ntz;lhtw;NwhL gpzpf;fg;gl;bUg;gJk;> Ntz;Ltdtw;wpypUeJ  gpupf;fg;gl;bUg;gJk; Jd;gk;. tpioT $lhik Jd;gk;. RUq;ff; $wpd; cUtk;> EfHr;rp> Fwpg;G> ghtid cs;stwpthfpa tpQ;Qhdk; vd;w Ie;Jk; Jd;gk; jUtd.  Mjyhy; gpf;FfNs Jd;gk; csJ.

 

,uz;lhtJ tha;ik - ,e;jj; Jd;gq;fSf;Ff; fhuzk; gpwg;gPDk; tpj;jhfpa mth my;yJ Ntl;if. rpw;wpd;gk; tpUk;Gk; Ntl;if. capHtho tpUk;Gk; Ntl;if. jpU\;b vd;w mopTj;jd;ikia Ntz;Lk; Ntl;if. ,e;j %d;Wtpj Ntl;ifAk; Jf;fj;Jf;F fhuzk;. vdNt Jf;f fhuzk; csJ.

 

%d;whtJ tha;;ik - jd;dplj;jpy; cz;lhd Miria mfw;wpdhy; Jf;f epthuzk; csJ.

 

ehd;fhtJ tha;ik - ,e;j Jf;f epthuzj;Jf;F topAz;L. mJNt ml;lhq;f Jf;f epthuz khHf;fk;. mitahtd ew;fhl;rp> ey;Yhw;wk;> ey;tha;ik> ew;nra;if> ey;tho;f;if> ed;Kaw;rp> ew;filg;gpb> ey;YsNjhH jiyg;ghL. (,J gw;wp NkYk; mwpa tpUk;GgtHfs; rhj;jdhH vOjpa kzpNkfiy fhg;gpaj;ijg; gbf;fTk;)

 

vy;yhk; ty;y gilg;Gf; flTs; xUtH cz;L vd;W gTj;jk; ek;Gtjpy;iy. cyiff; flTs; gilj;jhH vdf; $WtJ  flTis ahH gilj;jhH vd xUtiuf; Nfl;f itf;Fk;.  

 

mz;lj;ijg; gilj;jtH flTs; vd;gij Gj;jH xg;Gf; nfhz;lhuh vd;gJ Nfs;tp. ',y;iy' vd;gNj gjpy;. mtH xg;Gf; nfhs;stpy;iy. gilg;G flTspd;wpNa cyfk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ Gj;jupd; thf;F.  gTj;jk; rpe;jpj;jiy> Nfs;tp Nfl;gij kw;Wk; gFj;jwpit Cf;Ftpf;fpwJ. 

 

'vd;dhy; epUthzj;Jf;Fupa topiaj;jhd; fhl;l KbAk;. me;jg; ghijapy; elg;gJ cq;fs; nghWg;G' vd;whH Gj;jH.

 

muz;kidapy; gpwe;J gl;lhil cLj;jp> nghd;dhguzk; mzpe;J> ghy;> gok; gUfp> mWRit tpUe;Jz;L> gd;dPupy; nfhg;gspj;J> kQ;rj;jpy; gLj;Jwq;fp>  Mir kidahNshLk;> md;Gf; Foe;ijNahLk; Mbg;ghb mur tho;f;if tho;e;j rpj;jhHj;jd; mtw;iwj; Jwe;J> kQ;rs; mq;fp mzpe;J> gpr;rh ghj;jpuk; Ve;jp> tPjpNjhWk; ele;J> tPLNjhWk; gpr;ir vLj;J tho;e;jhH.

 

gTj;jk; Nghy; my;yhJ ,e;J kjj;jpy; rhjp GiuNahbg; Ngha;f; fplf;fpwJ. mJ me;j kjj;ij mupj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpw Gw;W Neha;.

 

njhl;lhy; jPl;L> epoy; gl;lhy; jPl;L> ghHj;jhy; jPl;L ,g;gb vy;yhNk jPl;Lj;jhd;.

,e;jpahtpy; 101 Nfhb kf;fs; tho;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfspy; 85 tpOf;fhL ,e;Jf;fs;. mjpy; RkhH 20 tpOf;fhL jypj; kf;fs;.

 

vdNt ,g;NghJ eilngWk; kjkhw;wk; kioj; Jhthdk; Nghy; njupayhk;. Mdhy; mJ ngU kioahfg; nga;ayhk;..  

 

Vw;fdNt Kk; %Hj;jpfs;> Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb NjtHfs;> ,e;jpud;> re;jpud;> tUzd;> mf;dp> gpuf];gjp> fpd;duH> fpk;GUlH vd  tho;e;j gue;j fz;lk; RkhH  700 Mz;Lfs; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpf;F cl;gl;Lf; fple;jjhy; mJ %d;W Jz;lhf ntl;lg;gl;L tpl;lJ.

 

,jpy; ,uz;L Jz;Lfspy; ,];yhkpa FbauRfs;. vQ;rpa ,e;jpahtpy; 85 tpOf;fhL kl;Lk; ,e;Jf;fs;.

 

,e;j kjkhw;wk; ghjp fl;lahj;jpd; Ngupy; ele;jpUf;fyhk;. kPjp gzk;> rYif> gjtpNghd;wtw;Wf;F Mirg;gl;L khwp ,Uf;fyhk;. rhjp mlf;FKiwapy; ,Ue;J jg;gTk; kj khw;wk; ele;jpUf;fyhk;.

 

rhjp ,e;J kjj;jpd; cs;fl;Lkhdj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;sJ. Ntjq;fSk;> ];kpUjpfSk; tHz Ngjk; fw;gpf;f gpd;dH mJ rhjpfshfg; ngUfpd.

 

,e;J kjj;jpy; ehy; tHzk; mjd; Mzp NtH. rhjpfs; ry;yp NtHfs;.

 

,e;jpahtpy; 6>400 rhjpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd cr;r ePjpkd;wk; $wpaJ.  kz;ly; mwpf;if 3000 Fk; mjpfkhd rhjpg;gl;baiy ntspapl;l NghJ ',e;J' ehNsL tpag;NghL mNj rkak; mtek;gpf;ifNahL vOjpaJ.  

 

cyfpy; ',e;J muR' vd murpayikg;gpy; vOjp itj;jpUf;Fk; xNu ehL Neghsk;. murdhfj; jk;ik Mf;fpf;nfhs;s Mirg;gl;l gpupj;tp ehuhaz; \h vd;gtd; ehd;F tUzq;fSld; 36 rhjpfisAk; nfhz;l ,e;J kj mikg;ig Neghsj;jpy; cz;lhf;fp  mur guk;giuia tp\;Ztpd; Ml;rp vd;W Mf;fpf; nfhz;lhd;.  

 

Mdhy;> ,e;J kjj;jpy; rptd; KOKjy; flTs;. mtuJ thfdk; vUJ. ,jdhy; Neg;ghsj;jpy; fhis khl;il fk;ghy; mbf;ff; $lhJ. mg;gb mLj;jhy; Fw;wk;.  Vupy; g+l;b cof; $lhJ. mg;gb cOjhy; Fw;wk;. tz;bapy; g+l;b Xl;lf; $lhJ. mg;gb G+l;b Xl;bdhy; Fw;wk;. fhis khl;il nfhy;yf; $lhJ. mg;gbf; nfhd;why; mJ kuz jz;lidf;Fupa Fw;wk;.

 

,g;gb Vd; rl;lk; ,aw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ? Ntnwhd;Wk; ,y;iy. Neg;ghs kd;dH  kD ];kpUjp tpjpfspd; gb murhs;fpwhH.

 

rup Neg;ghs kd;dHjhd; ,g;gb? ehq;fs; Nkil NjhWk; Nghw;wp ngUikg;gLk; Nru> Nrho> ghz;baH Ml;rpapy; vd;d ele;jJ?

 

%Nte;jHfs; vz;zhapuk;> jpUGtdk;> MaFb> Kf;#ly; Nghd;w CHfspy; fhrp> tq;fhsk; (Kjyhk; ,uhNre;jpud;) Nghd;w Njrq;fspy; ,Ue;J gpuhkzHfis $l;lk; $l;lkhff; nfhz;L te;J mtHfSf;F ,iwapyp khd;aq;fs;> mf;fpufhuq;fs;> rJHNtjp kq;fyq;fs; vd;w Gjpa FbapUg;Gfspy; FbNaw;wpdhHfs;.

 

gpuhkzHfs; Ntjk; gbf;f Ntj ghlrhiyfis epWtp mtw;Wf;F epte;jk; vOjp itj;jhHfs;.

 

,jid jpU%yH fz;bf;fpwhH. me;jzH FbapUg;Gf;fs; Mapuk; mikj;J mtw;iw me;jzHf;Ff;  nfhLg;gjhYk; NfhGuj;Jld; $ba Nfhapy;fis Mapuf; fzf;fpy; fl;b Kbg;gjhYk; gad; ,y;iy. mit xU Qhdpf;F xU gfYzT mspg;gjw;F epr;rak; epfuhfh vd;fpwhH.  

 

mfuk; Mapuk; me;jzHf; fPapnyd;
rpfuk; MapuQ; nra;J Kbf;fpnyd;
gfU Qhdp gfYhz; gyjj;Jf;F
epfupiy vd;gJ epr;rae; jhNd!;

 

jpUehs; ngUehs;fspYk; ntw;wp tpohf;fspYk; ntspA+H nry;Yk; NghJk;  %Nte;jUk; gpuhkzHf;Fj; Jiyepiw (Jyhghuk;) nghd; (,uzpa fUg;gk;) Mthapuk; (Nfhrf];uk;) Kjypa jhdq;fisr; nra;J te;jdH. (NjtNeag;ghthzH vOjpa jkpoH kjk; - gf;fk; 93)

 

Kjyhk; ,uhr ,uhrdpd; ,uhrFU <rhdr; F FUNjtH> tpf;fpuk NrhoDf;F Rthkp NjtH> #d;whk; FNyhj rpthr;rhupahH. Kjyhk; ,uhNre;jpudpd; uhrFU rHtrpt gz;bjH. ,uhrhjp ,uhrDf;;Jq;fDf;F NrhNkRtuH ,uhrFUthf ,Ue;jdH.  

 

nkhj;jj;jpy; %Nte;jHfs; me;jzH jhs; gzpe;J Mz;ldH.

 

kD> kplhf;rhup>  N`khj;up>  [{Kf thjdH vOjpa jahghf (jHkuj;dh vd;w ePjp E}ypd; xU gFjp) Mfpa ehd;F rhj;jpuq;fspd;Nky; NrhoHfSila ePjp epUthfj;jpd; mbj;jsk; mikf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

mHj;jrhj;jpuk; murpay; E}y; vd;w mstpy; ];kpUjpfspd; ePjpapdpd;W xU rpwpJ khWgl;Lf; fhzg;gl;lJ.

 

,t;thwhf murpay; jj;Jtj;jpw;F mHj;jrhj;jpuKk;> ePjpj;jj;Jtj;jpw;F Nkw;nrhd;d ehd;F rhj;jpuq;fSk; NrhoH fhyj;J me;jzHfshy; CH ePjpkd;wq;fspYk; mur ePjp toq;F kd;wq;fspYk; vLj;J Xjg;gl;L tpsf;fTiu nrhy;yg;gl;ld. (jpU.kh ghyRg;gpukzpad; vOjpa 'NrhoHfspd; murpay;> fyhr;rhu tuyhW' ghfk; 2. gf;fk; 95)

 

gpw;fhy Nru> Nrho> ghz;ba murHfshy; jkpo; nkhop Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;lJ.

gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk; vd;W ngha;ahnkhopg; GytH ts;StH nra; jpUf;Fws; ,ul;lbg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;lJ! jpUf;Fws; gw;wpa Fwpg;G vjidAk; ve;jf; fy;ntl;bYk;> nrg;Ngl;bYk; fhNzhk;! (tsUk;)

 

 


 

 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (4)

 

Nrho ghz;ba NguuRfs; kiwe;j kHkk; vd;d?  

 

Njthuk; ghba Qhdrk;ge;jH> mg;gH> Re;juH Fwpg;gpl;l jyq;fis gpw;fhyr; NrhoHfs; (tp[ahyad; (fp.gp. 846-881) Kjy; %d;whk; FNyhj;Jq;fd; (fp.gp.1180-1218) tiu) fw;wspfshf khw;wpf; fl;bdH.

 

NkYk; GjpjhfTk; fhtpupf; fiuapd; tskpf;f gFjpfspy; rpthyaq;fs; gytw;iwf; fl;bdH.

 

cUt topghLk; ,tHfs; fhyj;jpNyNa mjpfupj;jd. rptDf;F kl;Lk; Kg;gjw;Fk; mjpfkhd tbtq;fs; tbf;fg;gl;ld.

 

NrhoH fl;ba Nfhapy;fspy; Kjyhk; ,uhr ,uhrd; (fp.gp.985-1012)  fl;ba  jQ;irg; ngUTilahH Nfhapy; kpfTk; Gfo; gilj;jJ.

 

mtdJ kfd; Kjyhk; ,uhNre;jpud; vz;zpwe;j Nfhapy;fisf; fl;bAk; GJg;gpj;Jk; jpUg;gzp nra;jhd;. mjpy; fq;if nfhz;l NfhoPr;RuH Nfhapy; xd;whFk;. mjw;F 2>150 $yk; ney;Yk;> 65 foQ;rp nghd;Dk; epte;jkhf nfhLj;jhd;.

 

Kjyhk; ,uhNre;jpudpd; ,uhrFUthf ,Ue;j rHtrpt gz;bjUf;Fk; mtH khzhf;fHfSf;Fk; Mz;Lf;F xUKiw Vuhskhd ney; mspj;jhd;.

 

,e;j rHtrpt gz;bjNu jQ;irg; ngupa Nfhapypy; G+ir nra;jtH. mtUila rPlHfs;> rPlHfspd; rPlHfs;> MupaNjrk;> kj;jpaNjrk;> nfslNjrk; Mfpa ,lq;fspy; tho;e;jtHfSf;Fk; Kjyhk; ,uhNre;jpud; nfhil mspj;jhd;. (lhf;lH kq;fsKUNfrd; vOjpa "NrhoH tuyhW" gf;fk; 234)  

 

jkpofj;jpy; Nrhoehl;by; cs;sJ Nghy; Nru Nrho ghz;ba ehLfspy; Nfhapy;fs; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Nrhoehl;by; kl;Lk; RkhH 3>000 rpthyaq;fs; cs;sd. ,tw;wpy; ngUk;ghd;ik gpw;fhyr; NrhoH fhyj;jpy; fl;lg;gl;litahFk;.

 

NgNuhL;k; GfNohLk; Ml;rp nra;j NrhoH guk;giu %d;whk; ,uhNre;jpu Nrhod; ( fp.gp.1246-1279) fhyj;jpy; tPo;r;rpAw;wJ.

 

Ehw;Wf; fzf;fhd Nfhapy;fisg; Gjpg;gpj;Jk;> Gjpjhff; fl;bAk;> Mapuf;fzf;fhd gpuhkzHfis tl ehl;by; ,Ue;J ,wf;Fkjp nra;J mtHfSf;F epte;jkhf Mapuf;fzf;fhd mf;fpufhuq;fs;> rJHNtjpkq;fyq;fs; Nghd;w FbapUg;Gf;fis ,iwapyp epyq;fshff; nfhLj;Jk;> %tH ghba Njthuq;fisj; jpUKiw MfTk; Mo;thHfspd; ghly;fis ehyhapujpt;tpag; gpuge;jk; MfTk; njhFj;Jk;> MWfhy G+irfs;> Nts;tpfs;> jpUtpohf;fs;  Nghd;w Gz;zpa gzpfs; nra;Jk; gpw;fhy Nrho tk;rk; 434 Mz;LfNs ePbj;jJ.   

 

fq;if nfhz;l> flhuk; ntd;w> jpf;nfl;Lk; ntw;wp nfhz;L fly;fle;Jk; Nguhl;rp nra;j Nrhog; NguuR nghyptpoe;J> Gfopoe;J> murpay; #o;r;rpf;F gypahfp   tPo;r;rpAw;wJ. mjd; tPo;r;rpf;F tuyhw;W MrpupaHfs; Rl;bf; fhl;Lk; fhuzpfs; gpd;tUkhJ.

 

      1) nry;thf;Fg; gilj;j FWepy kd;dHfs; jd;dpr;irahf ele;J nfhz;lJ.

 

     2) rkag; G+ry;fs;.  tprpl;lhj;Jitjk; gug;gpatUk; jho;j;jg;gl;l kf;fis NfhapYf;Fs; mioj;Jr; nrd;W rkaj;Jiwapy; khngUk; Gul;rp nra;j itztg; ngupahH ,uhkDrH ehLflj;jg;gl;lhH. jpy;iy Nfhtpe;juhrH rpiy flypy; Jhf;fp vwpag;gl;lJ.

 

      3) ,uhrj;JNuhfk; kw;Wk;  rptj;JNuhfk;. Nfhapy; rpiyfisAk; nghUisAk; mHr;rfHfNs fsthbdhHfs;.

 

     4) tHzjUk mbg;gilapyhd rhjpg;ghFghL NkYk; Mo Nt&d;wpaJ. ghHg;gdHfs;; nry;thf;F r%fj;jpy; nfhb fl;bg; gwe;jJ. murH tzpfH ,UrhuhUk; ghHg;gdHfisg; Nghw;wpf; nfhz;lhbdH. Tpujk;> Nts;tp> kWgpwg;G> nrhHf;fk;> Gz;zpak; Nghd;w rka rpe;jidfs; Nt&d;wptpl;l gpwF me;jf; fUj;Jf;F nrhe;jf;fhuHfs; nry;thf;Fg; ngw;wJ tpag;gy;y. kWGwk; ghHg;gdH my;yhj rhjpahuplk; tyq;if ,lq;ifg; gpupTfs; ,Ue;jd. tyq;if ,lq;if gpupTfs; xt;nthd;wpYk; 98 Fyq;fs; ,Ue;jd. tHz jHkj;Jf;F ,iwr je;ijapd; njhopiy gps;is nra;af; fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.  

 

    5) Nfhapy;fs; fl;b mtw;iwg; guhkupj;jjpy; mur fUT+yk; ntWikahdJ.

 

    6) ghz;baH gilnaLg;G

 

%d;whk; ,uhNre;jpu Nrhoid Nghupy; Njhw;fbj;j ,uz;lhk; khwtHkd; Re;jughz;bad; ( fp.gp.1238-1251) ,uz;lhk; ghz;bag; Nguuir typikg; gLj;jpdhd;.

 

mtidj;njhlHe;J rilatHkd; tPughz;bad; (fp.gp.1253-1274)> khwtHkd; FyNrfu ghz;bad; (fp.gp.1268-1310) mupaiz VwpdH.

 

FyNrfuDf;F Re;jughz;bad; tPughz;bad; vd ,uz;L kfd;fs; ,Ue;jhHfs;. Re;jughz;bad; gl;lj;jurpapd; kfd;. tPughz;bad; kw;nwhU murpapd; kfd;.

 

FyNrfud; Re;jughz;badpd; jpwikia nkr;rp FyNrfud; mtDf;F ,sturH gl;lk; fl;bdhd;. mjdhy; Mj;jpuk; mile;j tPughz;bad; kd;did nfhiy nra;Jtpl;L Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpdhd;.

 

Re;jughz;bad; kJiuia tpl;L Xbdhd;. ,J ele;jJ fp.gp. 1310 Mk; Mz;lhFk;.

mQ;rp Xba Re;jughz;bad; jpy;ypf;Fr; nrd;W myhTjPd; fpy;[papd; gil cjtpia ehbdhd;. fpy;[p jdJ gilj;jsgjp khypf;fG+H jiyikapy; gil mDg;gpdhd;.

khypf;fG+H topapy; fhzg;gl;l ,e;Jf; Nfhapy;fis vy;yhk; nfhs;isabj;jhd;. mtdJ gilia vjpHnfhs;s mQ;rpa tPughz;bad; kJiuia tpl;L Xb fhl;Lf;Fs; kiwe;J nfhz;lhd;. fz;zDhupy; jq;fp ,Ue;j khypf;fG+Hgilapy; mq;F tho;e;j 20>000 K];ypk;fs; gilapy; NrHj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;ldH.

 

rpjk;guk; (gpuk;k];j;G+up) ,e;Jf; Nfhapypy; ngUk; nry;tk; ,Ug;gijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l khypf;fG+H mijj; jhf;fp nghUl;fisf; nfhs;isabj;jhd;. Nfhapiyg; ghJfhj;j tPuHfs; kw;Wk; Nfhapypy; gzpGupe;j gpuhkzHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;.  nghd;dhyhd gy ,ypq;fq;fSk; Ntj ehuhzad; rpiyAk; ifg;gw;wg;gl;ld. Nfhapy; ,bf;fg;gl;L jiukl;lk; Mf;fg;gl;lJ.  

 

mLj;J jpUtuq;fk; (=uq;fk;) Nfhapy; kPJ gilnaLj;J mq;F ,Ue;j ngUkhspd; gbkj;ijAk; kw;Wk; tpiyAaHe;j gbkq;fisAk; ifg;gw;wp mtw;iw jpy;ypf;F mDg;gp itj;jhd;. Nfhapy; ,bj;J jiukl;lkhff;fg;gl;lJ.

 

khypf;fG+upd; gilnaLg;gpd; NghJ 512 ahidfs;> 20>000 Fjpiufs;> 800 kzq;F nghd;> Kj;Jf;fs; nfhs;isabj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;ld.

 

khypf;fG+H tPughz;baidj; Njhw;fbj;J Re;jughz;baid Ml;rpapy; mkHj;jpdhd;. Mdhy; mtd; khypf;fG+Uf;F mQ;rp jdJ rpj;jg;ghthd tpf;fpukghz;bad; cjtpNahL khypf;fG+iuj; jhf;fp GwKJF fhzr; nra;jhd;.

 

kPz;Lk; Re;jughz;bad; tPughz;bad; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; mupaizg; Nghl;b Vw;gl;lJ. 1323 ,y; cYhf;fhd; gilnaLg;gpy; ghz;ba ehL Ry;jhdpaH trkhdJ.

 

Nrhog; Nguurpd; tPo;r;rpf;Fupa mNj fhuzpfNs ghz;ba murpd; tPo;r;rpf;Fk; fhuzpfshf mike;jd. NrhoH fhyj;jpy; fhzg;gl;l tyq;if ,lq;ifg; gpupTfSk;> 98 fpisg; gpupTfSk; fhzg;gl;ld.

 

jkpopdk; tHzjHkk; tpijj;j rhjp Nehapdhy; jhWkhwhf gpsTz;L xw;Wikapd;wp fple;j fhuzj;jhy; mjid vjpupfs; vspjpy; mbikg;gbj;jpdH.  

 

gpd;dH jkpofj;ij Mz;l tpraefu fpU\;zNjtuhad; jd; 'mKf;j khyjpa" vd;w E}ypy; murhq;fj;jpYs;s rptpy;> ,uhZtg; gjtpfisg; ghHg;gdHfSf;Nf toq;fNtz;L vd;W vOjpAs;shd;. (NrhoHfspd; murpay; fyhr;rhu tuyhW-ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 60) ,td; 15 Mk; E}w;whz;by; Ml;rp nra;jtd;.  

 

gpd;dH  1799 ,y; RNjrp kf;fSf;fhd rl;lq;fisj; njhFj;j ftHdH n[duy; rH tpy;ypa N[hd;]; vd;ghd; kD rhj;jpu Kjypatw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; njhFj;jJjhd; Hindu  Law.  mtd;jhd; rl;lj;jpw;Fk; kjj;jpw;Fk; Kjy;Kiwahf ,e;J vd;w ngaiu itj;jtd;.

 

,uz;L fpoikfSf;F Kd;dH jrujh tpoh nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ. ghisaq;Nfhl;ilapy; ele;j jrujh jpUtpohtpy; vy;yh mk;kd;fSk; rg;guj;jpy; jpUtPjp cyh te;jdH. ,jpy; vd;d GJik? tof;fkhf elg;gJjhNd? vd;W ePq;fs; Nfl;gJ vd; fhjpy; tpOfpwJ. nfhQ;rk; nghWq;fs;!

 

,it rhjhuzd mk;kd;fs; my;y. rhjp mk;kd;fs;! ahjtH cr;rpdp khfhsp> ahjtH Jhj;Jthup> tp];tfHkh mk;kd;> NjtH cyfk;kd;> gps;iskhH Kj;jhuk;kd;> cyfk;kd; vd;W vOjp itf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ!

 

,jd; nghUs; vd;d? me;je;j rhjp mk;kd;fs; me;je;j rhjp kf;fSf;Fj;jhd; mUs;ghypg;ghH vd;gJjhNd?

 

,e;j 21 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; ,g;gbahd fhl;L kpuhz;bfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs; vd;why; Kjyhk; ,uhr ,uhrd;> Kjyhk; ,uhNre;jpud; fhyj;jpy; ve;jtpjkhd fhl;L kpuhz;bfs; ,Ue;jpUg;ghHfs;? 'rhjpfs; ,y;iyab ghg;gh' vd;W ghba ghujpahH fhyj;jpy; vj;jid fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs; ,Ue;jpUg;gH? jkpo;r; rpj;jHfs; fhyj;jpy; vj;jid %lHfs; ,Ue;jpUg;ghHfs;?   

 

fhe;jpahUk; rhjpia xopg;gjw;Fg; gjpy; jho;e;j rhjpapdUf;F xU GJg; ngaH #l;bdhH. muprdH vd;gJjhd; me;jg; ngaH. mup vd;why; gilg;Gf; flTshd jpUkhy;.  

 

muprdHfs; Myaq;fspy; Eisa vLj;j Kaw;rp XusT ntw;wp fz;lJ.

 

Mdhy; rhjp ,e;Jf;fspd; kdf;fjTfisj; jpwf;Fk; Kaw;rp Njhy;tp fz;lJ.  

 

rpUq;Nfup rq;fuhr;rpahiu  juprpf;f tp[a efu kd;dd; te;jhd;. mg;nghOJ FspH fha;r;rypy; eLq;fpf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jhH rq;fuH.

 

kug;gyifapy; kd;dd; mkHe;jhd;. jdf;fhfg; Nghlg;gl;L ,Ue;j kidg; gyifia vLj;Jg; gf;fj;jpy; itj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. rq;fuH rpwpJ Neuj;jpy; me;jg; gyif eLq;f Muk;gpj;jjhk;.  

 

kd;dd; tpopg;Gld; mjid Nehf;fpdhd;. tpsf;fKk; Nfl;lhd;. mjw;F  rq;fuH vd;d nrhd;dhH?

 

'vdf;F te;j FspH fha;r;riy ck;ikr; re;jpg;gjw;fhf me;jg; gyiff;Fr; rpwpJ Neuk; khw;wpNdd;. mjdhy;jhd; me;jg; gyif eLq;FfpwJ' vd;whuhk;..  

 

'gyiff;F mjid khw;whky; epue;jukhf cq;fSf;F Vw;gl;l me;j cghijia Kw;wpYkhf tpyf;fp itf;f Kbahjh?' vd;W murd; Nfl;lhd;.  

 

'$lhJ. fHkg; gyid ahuhf ,Ue;jhYk; mDgtpj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;' vd;W gjpy; nrhd;dhuhk; rq;fuH. (Mjhuk;"tp[aghujk;" 8.10.2004)

 

fHk gyid khw;wf; $lhJ vd;why; rpwpJ NeuNkh> mjpf NeuNkh me;jg; gyid gyiff;F khw;wpaJ vg;gbr; rupahFk;"?

 

,tH nra;j fHkj;jpw;F me;jg; gyif vd;d 'ghtk;" nra;jJ? mJ Vd; fha;r;riy mDgtpf;f Ntz;Lk;"?

 

fHk gyid epiyepWj;j Ntz;Lk; me;j ek;gpf;ifia kf;fspl jpzpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw cs; Nehf;fk;jhd; ,jw;Fs; jpzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

fPo;rhjp -   fHk gydpd; tpisT!
jPz;lhik - fHkgydpd; jPz;ly;!

 

,tw;iw epiyehl;l Ntz;Lk; vd;gJjhd; ,jw;Fs; gJq;fp ,Uf;Fk; #o;r;rp. mjpYk; rq;fu klq;fis epWtpa Mjp rq;fuH gpuhkzpa Nkyhz;ikapd; mbehjkhd ehy; tHzjHkj;ij G+Nyhfj;jpy; epiy ehl;lNt fypAfj;jpy; mtjhuk; vLj;jtuhk;.

 

'rpy Neuq;fspy; kl;Lk; fpU\;z gfthd; QhNdhgNjrk; nra;jhy; NghJkhdjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. kw;w rkaq;fspy; mtH MaHghbapy; yPiy nra;jhH> Jthuifapy; uhr;rp;aghuk; nra;jhH>  gQ;r ghz;ltHfSf;fhfj; JhJ NghdhH. fypfhyj;jpy; ,g;gbr; nra;jhy; NghjhJ.  mjpf ,Ul;L ,Ug;gjhy; epiwa tpsf;F Ntz;Lk;. xU tho;ehs; KOtJk; QhNdhgNjrk; xd;Wf;fhfNt mtjhuk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;'  vd;W guNkRtud; vz;zpdhH.

 

rfy tpj;ijfSf;Fk; ehafdhd me;j rjhrptNd Mjprq;fuH Mf mtjupj;jhuhk;. fhQ;rp re;jpuNrfu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rpahH vOjpa 'nja;tj;jpd; Fuy;'). tUzjHkj;Jf;F nkU$l;ba fypAf mtjhuj;ij> fz;fz;l nja;tj;ij  mLj;j thuk; mz;ikf; fhl;rpapy; ghHg;Nghk;. (njhlUk;)

 


 

 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (5)

 

tHz jHkj;ij kPs; epiyehl;ba Mjp rq;fuH

 

rhl; rhj; me;j rjhrptNd Mjprq;fuuhf mtjupj;jhH vd;Wk; rq;fuH rpt mtjhuNk vd;gjw;F aRH Ntjj;jpNyNa Mjhuk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk; mtH  2>500 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH gpwe;jhH vd;Wk; fhQ;rp rq;fuhr;rpahH nrhy;fpwhH.  

 

rptd; mtjhuk; vLj;jhuh? ,J GJf; fijahf ,Uf;fpwNj? fhj;jy; flTshd jpUkhy;jhNd mtjhuk; vLg;gjpy; ngaH NghdtH? mtjhuk; mtuJ Jiwahapw;Nw vd;W ePq;fs; Nfl;ff; $Lk;.

 

rptd; mtjhuk; vLj;jjw;fhd fhuzj;ij fhQ;rp re;jpuNrfu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rpahH nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH. mij Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;Ls;Nsd;.

 

'rpy Neuq;fspy; kl;Lk; fpU\;z gfthd; QhNdhgNjrk; nra;jhy; NghJkhdjhf ,Uf;fpwJ.. fypfhyj;jpy; ,g;gbr; nra;jhy; NghjhJ. gioa Afq;fspy; mRuHfs; vd;w jdpahd ,dj;jtHfs; ,Ue;J NjtHfis tUj;JthHfs;. mtHfisf; nfhy;y tpl;Z MAjghzpfhf tUthH.

 

Mdhy; fypAfj;jpy; mRuHfs; jdpahf ,y;iy. vy;yh kdpjHfsJ kdjpYk; mRud; GFe;J tpl;lhd;. ,jdhy; ahiu mopg;gJ ahiu tpl;LtpLtJ? vdNt tpl;Z mtjhuk; ,g;NghJ Ntz;lhk; vdW guNkRtud; fUjp xU gpuhkzf; FLk;gj;jpy; mtjupj;jhH.

 

mjhtJ mjpf ,Ul;L ,Ug;gjhy; epiwa tpsf;F Ntz;Lk;. xU tho;ehs; KOtJk; QhNdhgNjrk; xd;Wf;fhfNt mtjhuk; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W guNkRtud; vz;zpdhH. clNd Mjp rq;fuuhf mtjupj;jhH' vd;W rq;fuhr;rpahH  nrhy;fpwhH.

 

,g;thW rptd; mtjhuk; vLj;jhH vd;gij irt rpj;jhe;jpfs; xg;Gf; nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;. NghAk; NghAk; gpukdhYk; tpl;LZthYk; mbAk; KbAk; fhz Kbahj rptngUkhd; ,e;j kdpjHfs; (eufHfs;) thOk; cyfj;jpy; gpwe;jhH vd;gJ mtUf;F ,Of;F vd;W mtHfs; epidf;fpwhHfs;. (nja;tj;jpd; Fuy;)

 

,g;NghJ Guhzg; GSif tpl;Ltpl;L cz;ikf;F tUNthk;.  me;j cz;ik vd;dntd;why; rq;fuH Nfushtpy; (md;iwa Nru ehL) fhyb vd;Dk; rpw;Whupy; fp.gp. 8 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; (fp.gp. 788-820) xU ek;G+jpup gpuhkz FLk;gj;jpy; gpwe;jtH.

 

rpW tajpNyNa Ntjq;fisAk; cgepljq;fisAk; gbj;Jj; Njwpa rq;fuH tpahrH  mUspa gpuk;k#j;jpuk;>  Ntj up\pfs; mUspa gj;J cgepljq;fs;> fz;zd; mHr;RdDf;F cgNjrpj;j fPij Mfpa %d;W E}y;fSf;Fk; ciu ,aw;wpdhH. ,itfs; 'gh\;ak;' vdg;gLk;. ,e;E}ypd; %yf; fUj;Jf;fisNa ikakhff; nfhz;L midtUk; Gupe;J nfhs;Sk; tifapy; rq;fuH mNef Ntjhe;j E}y;fis ,aw;wpAs;shH. mitfs; 'gpufuz fpue;jq;fs;' vdg;gLk;.  

 

,it jtpu Foe;ijfSf;F ,Nj fUj;Jk;> gf;jpAk; nfhz;l 'fNzr gQ;r uj;dk;'Nghd;w Njhj;jpuq;fisAk; ,aw;wpAs;shH.  

 

rq;fuUf;F Ntj cgepljq;fSf;F ciu vOj Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,Ue;jJ. Ntj cgepljq;fs; midj;ijAk; xUtH gbj;J nghUs; mwpe;J nfhs;tJ kpf mupjhd nray;. mijtpl mupJ mtw;iw kw;wtHfSf;F vLj;J tpsf;FtJ. 

 

ghjuhazH vd;gtH Ntj cgepl fUj;Jf;fis ePf;fp mjid Ntjhe;j #j;jpuk; (gpuk;k #j;jpuk;) Mf ntspapl;lhH. Mdhy; mJ RUf;fkhf #j;jpu tbtpy; ,Ue;jjhy; njspTf;Fg; gjpy; Fog;gj;ijAk; Ntw;WikiaAk; tpistpj;jJ. 

 

Ntj cgeplq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; njsptpd;ikiaAk; Kuz;ghl;ilAk; ePf;fg; gyH Kad;wdH. mtHfspy; Kjd;ikahdtH rq;fuH. gpuk;k #j;jpuj;Jf;F rq;fuH vOjpa ghbaNk Ntjhe;j kjj;jpw;F gpukhz EhyhFk;.

 

gpukKk; capUk; (Md;kh my;yJ [Ptd;) cyfKk; xd;wh my;yJ NtW Ntwh vd;W ele;j tpthjj;jpy; gpukNk %yg; nghUs; vd;Wk; capHfSk; cyfKk;  me;j gpukj;jpd; Njhw;wNk vd;Wk; ek; fz; Kd;Nd fhzg;gLk; cyfk; xU khaj; Njhw;wk; (khahthjk;) vd;gJk; rq;fuupd; thjkhFk;. ,JNt mj;Jitjk; vd;w jj;JtkhFk;.

 

rq;fuH jhk; vOjpa Ehy;fs; midj;jpYNk gpuhkzHfs; kpfTk; Nkk;gl;ltHfs; vdw Kbthd fUj;ij Kd; itf;fpwhH.  

 

rq;fuH fUj;Jg;gbAk; Ntjk; kw;Wk; ];k;pUjpfs; rKjhaj;ij gpuhkzd;> rj;jpupad;> itrpfd;> #j;jpud; vd  ehd;F tHzq;fshf gpupf;fpwJ.

 

,tHfs; KiwNa gpukdJ jiy> Njhs;> njhil> fhy; ,tw;wpy; ,Ue;J gilf;fg;gl;ljhf nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

,jpy; #j;jpud; (jkpoHfs; vy;NyhUNk #j;jpuHfs;) kw;w %tUf;Fk; njhz;L nra;tNj mtdJ Ra jHkkhFk;.

 

#j;jpud; jj;JtQhdk; ngWtjw;F cupatd; my;yd;.

 

#j;jpuDf;F cgeadk; fpilahJ.

 

#j;jpud; RLfhl;Lf;Fr; rkk;. mtd; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;jpy; Ntjk; Xjf; $lhJ.

 

Ntjj;ij #j;jpud; xspe;jpUe;J Nfl;lhy; mtd; fhjpy; ,Uk;igf; fha;r;rp Cj;j Ntz;Lk;. 

 

#j;jpuDf;F Qhdj;ij cg Njrpf;ff; $lhJ.  Ntjk; gbg;gJ> Nts;tp nra;tJ> jhdk; thq;FtJ gpuhkzHfSf;F kl;LNk

cz;L. (gpuk;k#j;jpuk; 13 -34).

 

kD nrhd;dJ Nghy; ciog;igj; jtpu #j;jpud; vijr; nra;jhYk; mtDf;Fg; gadpy;iy. 

 

Nkw;fz;l gpuk;k #j;jpu tpsf;fk; ciof;Fk; kf;fisg;gw;wp rq;fuH vt;tsT ,opthd> kdpj Neakw;w> gpw;Nghf;fhd fUj;Jf;fis nfhz;bUe;jhH vd;gij mwpa cjTfpwJ. 

 

ciof;fhj Nky; tHzj;jtuhd gpuhkzHfs;  ciof;Fk; tHzj;jtuhd #j;jpuHfsJ ciog;ig Ruz;Ltjw;fhfNt ,e;j Ntj ];kpUjpfs; vOjg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

'mbikfs;> Nkw;jl;L kf;fSf;F mspj;j ,d;gj;ijAk; ngUkfpo;r;rpiaAk; xspT kiwT ,y;yhky; upf;Ntjk; $WfpwJ. flTs; mUspanjd;Wk;  kpfg; Gdpjkhdnjd;Wk; ,e;Jf;fhshy;  fUjk;  Ntj ,yf;fpaq;fspy; ,e;jg; ghly;fs;  cs;sd. (v];.V. lhq;Nf vOjpa 'gz;ilf;fhy ,e;jpah' gf;fk; 170-171)

 

,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; 'Ntjnewp jioj;Njhq;f kpF irtj;Jiw tpsq;f' vd;Wk;   'ehd;kiw mwq;fs; Xq;f ew;wtk; Nts;tp ky;f' vd;Wk;  Vd;  Nrf;fpohH ehy;Ntjj;ij Gfo;e;j ghbdhH vd;gJ tpsq;ftpy;iy. mtH #j;jpuH vd;gjhy; Ntjj;ijg; gbf;f mtUf;F tha;g;Ng ,Ue;jpUf;fhNj!

 

lhf;lH mg;Ngj;fhH  rhjp Ntw;WikfisAk; jPz;lhikiaAk; kD ePjpahff; nfhz;lhH vd;gjw;fhf kD];kpUjpia ehnlq;Fk; jPapl;Lf; nfhSj;jpdhH.

 

Mjp rq;fuH Ntjk; KOkiaAk; xg;Gf; nfhz;lhH. Ntjk; $Wk; rfy nja;tq;fisAk;> Ntjk; tpjpf;Fk; rfy fHkhf;fisAk; xg;Gf;nfhz;lhH.  mtw;wpd; y\p;akhf Ntj rpuh]d cgep\j;jpd; Kf;fpa jhj;gupakhd [PtDk; gpukKk; xd;Nw vd;w mj;Jitjj;ij ];jhgpj;jhH. =fpU\;zDf;Fg; gpwF itjpf jHkj;ij epiyehl;ba = Mjp rq;fuUk; n[fj;FU vd;w tpUijg; ngw;whH' vd;fpwhH fhQ;rp re;jpuNrfu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupahH. (xU nja;tj;jpd; Fuy;)

 

Mjp rq;fuH mj;itjk; NgrpdhYk; eilKiw tho;f;ifapy; rhjpiaAk; jPz;lhikiaAk; 
filg;gpbj;jhH vd;gjw;F mtupd; tho;f;ifapy; ele;jjhff; $wg;gLk; xU epfo;r;rp rhd;whf  ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

xU ehs; rq;fuH fq;ifapy; ePuhbtpl;L rPlHfs; Gil#o tpRtehjH Myaj;jpw;F nrd;W

nfhz;bUe;jhH.

 

Mjp rq;fuH ek;G+jpup gpuhkzH. gpuhkziuf; fz;lhy; kw;wf; fPo;r; rhjpahH gj;J Kok; tpyfp mtHfSf;F toptpl Ntz;Lk;. #j;jpuH epoy; gl;lhNy jPl;L vd;gJ kD jHkk;!

 

mg;NghJ  xU GiyaDk; Giyr;rpAk; rq;fuH nrd;W nfhz;bUf;Fk; jpirf;F vjpHj; jpirapy; te;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.  GiyaDk; Giyr;rpAk; tpyfp mtUf;F toptpltpy;iy. toptpLtgtHfs; NghyTk; njupatpy;iy. rq;fuH mtHfis tpyfpg; NghFkhW iffshy; irif nra;jhH.

 

'ek;Kla Mr;rhupahH Nghfpw topapy; FWf;Nf te;J tpl;lhHfs;. Nghjhf; Fiwf;F ifapy; ehd;F eha;fis Giyad; gpbj;jpUf;fpwhd;! Ngh! Ngh! tpyfpg; Ngh! vl;bg; Ngh" vd;W rq;fuupd; rPlHfs; $tpdhHfs;.

 

Giyad; rpupj;jhd;! "mj;itjk; mj;itjk; vd;W nrhy;yptpl;L vd;id tpyfpg; Nghf nrhy;fpwPHfs;? ,J ngupa Kuz;ghL my;yth? vy;yhk; xNu rj;jpakhd flTspd; Njhw;wk;jhd; vd;fpwJ cq;fs; mj;itjk;.  mt;thnwdpy; cq;fisg; NghyNt ehq;fSk; me;j rj;jpaj;jpd; Njhw;wk;jhd.; cly; ekf;F NtW NtwhdhYk;> clYf;Fs;  ,Uf;fpw gukhj;kh xd;W jhd;. ,e;j clk;igg; gw;wpa vz;zj;ij tpyf;fp tpl;Lg; gukhj;khthf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W jhd; ,e;j MrpupaH cgNjrpf;fpwhH.

 

mg;gbapUf;f> cq;fs; clk;gpd; mUfpypUe;J vq;fs; clk;G tpyfpg; Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;tjpy; nghUs; ,y;iy. cq;fs; clk;Gf;Fs; cs;s Qhd xspapypUe;J vq;fs; clk;gpYs;s Qhd xsp tpyf Ntz;Lk; vd;W ePq;fs; fUjpdhy; mJTk; mHj;j kw;wjhFk;.  Vnddpy; ,e;j Qhd xspfs; midj;Jk; xd;Wjhd;. xUtd; ek;ik mbj;jhy; NtnwhUtd; ek;ik mbg;gjhf epidg;gJ jtW. ehNk ek;ik mbj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk; vd;gJjhd; rj;jpak;. jd;id tpl;L  jhd; vg;gb tpyf KbAk;?' ,g;gb Mzpj;jukhff; Nfl;lhd; me;jg; Giyad;.

 

clNd rq;fuH ,g;NgHg;gl;l Qhd epyia mile;jtd; Giyadhf ,Uf;fKbahJ! fhrptp];tehjUk; tprhyhl;rp mk;ikahUk; jk;ikg; Nrhjpf;f te;Js;sdH vd;gij Qhd jpU\;bapy; czHe;J  'kdP\h gQ;rfk;' vd;w Ie;J RNyhfq;fisg; ghbdhH.  clNd Giyad; epd;w ,lj;jpy; tp];tehjg; ngUkhd; epd;whH. Giyr;rp tprhyhl;rpahdhs;. ehd;F eha;fSk; ehy; Ntjkhapd! 

 

'vd; kW cUtk; Md rq;fuh! tha;g; Ngr;rpy; kl;Lk; Ntjhe;jk; $whky; tho;tpaypYk; eP elj;jpf; fhl;Lgtd; vd;W cyfwpaitf;f ,e;j ehlfk; MbNdd;' vd;W Mrp toq;fp  fhrp tpRtehjUk; tprhyhl;rpAk; kiwe;jdH vd;W fij KbfpwJ. (nja;tj;jpd; Fuy;)

 

,e;jf; fijapy; $l rptdhupd; kW mtjhukhd rq;fuH Qhd epiy mile;jtd; Giyadhf ,Uf;f KbahJ vd;w KbNthL ,Ue;jhH vd;w cz;ikNa  nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

Ntjk; ,d;wp tHz jHkk; ,y;iy. tHz jHkk; ,d;wp Ntjk; ,y;iy. Ntjj;jpw;Fk; tHz jHkj;jpw;Fk; cl;gl;lNj rq;fuupd; mj;itjk;.

 

'=fpU\;zDf;Fg; gpwF itjpf jHkj;ij epiyehl;ba = Mjp rq;fuUk; n[fj;FU vd;w tpUijg; ngw;whH' vd;W  fhQ;rp re;jpuNrfu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupahH nrhy;tJ Kf;fhYk;  cz;ik.

 

me;j fpU\;z gukhj;kh tHz jHkk; gw;wp vd;d nrhd;dhH? 

 

"rJHtHzak; khah ];U\;lk; Fz-fHk tpghfr:
 j];a fHj;jhukgp khk; tpj;j;afHj;jhu-kt;aak;"

                                         ( fPij mj;. 4- RNyhfk; 13)
 

'ehd;F tUzq;fs; vd;dhy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;lit> mtutHfSf;Fupa fUkq;fis mtutH kPwhky; nra;aNtz;Lk;. mjid khw;wpr; nray;gl itf;f me;j tHz jHk cw;gj;jpahsdhfpa (fHj;jh) vd;dhy; $l KbahJ' (Though I am the creator of the four fold caste, know Me to be incapable of action or change).

 

fPij rhkhdpa Ehy; my;y. mJ ehy; Ntjq;fisAk; gpope;J tbfl;ba rhW.  njhl;ljw;F vy;yhk; ,e;J kjthjpfs; ifapy; vLf;Fk; NghHths;.  

 

,e;J kjj;ijAk; mjd; mbehjkhd rhjp mikg;igAk; tuyhw;Wg; gpd;dzpapy; ruptug; Gupe;J nfhz;lhNy mjw;nfjpuhd jkpo;r; rpj;jHfsJ Nghuhl;lj;jpd; typik njupAk;. (njhlUk;)

 

 


 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (6)

 

rq;fu klq;fs; tHz jHkj;ijAk; gpuhkzpaj;ijAk; fl;bf; fhf;fpd;wd!

 

nrd;w fpoik 'ehd;F tUzq;fs; vd;dhy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;lit> mtutHfSf;Fupa fUkq;fis mtutH kPwhky; nra;aNtz;Lk;. mjid khw;wpr; nray;gl itf;f me;j tHzjHk cw;gj;jpahsdhfpa vd;dhy; $l KbahJ' vd;W fpU\;z gukhj;kh xg;Gjy; thf;F %yk; nfhLj;jpUe;jijg; ghHj;Njhk;.

 

ehd;F tUzq;fisAk; jhNd cz;lhf;fpajhf fpU\;z gukhj;kh $WtJ mUl; nray; my;y. Mz;ltd; mtjhuj;Jf;F moFk; my;y.

 

,e;j cyfj;jpy; vd;nwd;Wk; Ntw;Wikia epiy epWj;jTk;> Vw;wj; jho;T vd;Dk; nfhLikiaj; njhlHe;J elj;j NgUjtp nra;aTNk fpU\;z gukhj;khtpd; cgNjrk; cjTk;. 

 

xU r%fj;jpy; cs;s ngUk;ghd;ikapdH mbikfshf new;wp ntaHit rpe;jp ciof;fTk; me;j ciog;ig Vida tUzj;jhH cz;L fspf;fTk; toptFf;Fk; xU Vw;ghl;Lf;F jhNd fHj;jh vd;W  nrhy;Yk; xUtd; flTshfNth> flTs; mtjhukhfNth ,Uf;f KbahJ. mtd; xU XutQ;rfdhf> ePjp epahak; mw;wtdhfNt ,Uf;f KbAk;.

 

#j;jpuHfs;> filg;gl;NlhH> ghtpfs;> %lH vd;W xJf;fp kdpj ,dj;jpNy Ntw;Wik tsHf;Fk; xUtd; vg;gb flTsha;> flTs; mtjhukha; ,Uf;f KbAk;? 

 

,g;gb ciog;gjw;F xU ngUq; $l;lj;ijAk; me;j ciog;ig cWQ;Rtjw;nfd;Nw xU rpW $l;lj;ijAk; flTs; gilf;fpwhH vd;w tUzjHk Vw;ghL cyfj;jpNyNa kjj;jpd; ngauhy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;l kpff; nfhLikahd Vw;ghlhFk;.

 

'flTspd; rJHtHzf; fl;lisia mDrupg;gijf; fhl;bYk;> epiwNtw;Wtijf; fhl;bYk; caHe;jJ vJTkpy;iy. mitfis kPWtij tplj; jho;e;jJ vJTkpy;iy' vd fPijapy; fpU\;z gukhj;kh cgNjrpf;fpwhH.

 

'ed;whfr; nra;ag;gLk; gu jHkj;ijf; fhl;bYk;> Fzkw;wnjdpDk; Ra jHkNk rpwe;jJ. Ra jHkj;jpy; ,we;J tpbDk; ed;Nwahk;. gujHkk; gaj;Jf;F ,lkhdJ.' (fPij 3-35 ghujpahH ciu)

 

'RajHkk; gujHkk; ,tw;iw mwpahjtHfsplj;jpy; mtHfSila flikfisg;gw;wp mwpTilNahd; ve;jtpjkhd Fog;gj;ijAk;> re;Njfj;ijAk; cz;lhf;fptplf; $lhJ. vdNt> eP #j;jpuHfisj; Jhz;btpl;lhy; eP moptha;.'

 

'e Gj;jp Ngjk; [dNk-j[;Qhdk; fHk]q;fpdhk;

N[h\Naj; ]HtfHkhzp tpj;thd; Af;j: ]khrud;'  ( fPij 3-26)

 

fPijapy; fHkk; vd;w nrhy; nray;> flik vd;w nghUspy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

 

flik vd;w nghUspy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;NghJ mJ rJH tHz (ehd;F rhjp) mikg;G Kiwiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ.

 

mJ Nghy jHkk; vd;w nrhy;Yk; rJHtHzj;jhy; tFf;fg;gl;l tpjpKiwfspd;gb xOFk; 'flik'ia Fwpf;fpwJ.

 

jpUf;FwSf;F ciu vOjpa gupNkyofH ciug; ghapuj;jpy; 'mtw;Ws; mwkhtJ kD Kjypa Ehy;fspy; tpjpj;jd nra;jYk; tpyf;fpad xop;j;jYk; Mk;' vd vOjp itj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

,g;gb vOjp itj;jpUg;gJ 'gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk; rpwg;nght;th  nra;njhopy; Ntw;Wikahd;" vd;W nrhd;d ts;StUf;Fr; nra;ag;gl;l ,uz;lfkhFk;.

 

Vzp itj;jhYk; fPij jpUf;Fwis vl;l KbahJ. ,uz;Lk; ,U JUtq;fs;.

 

fPij xU Fyj;Jf;F xU jHkk; fw;gpf;Fk; kj Ehy;.

 

Fws; khdpl tpOkpaq;fisAk; xOf;fq;fisAk; fw;gpf;Fk; nghJ Ehy;.

 

'ajh ajh `p jHk];a f;yhdpg;-gtjp ghuj

mg;g;Aj;jhd - kjH k];a jjhj;khdk; ];U[hk; - a`k;' ( fPij 4-7)

 

'vg;nghOnjy;yhk; jHkk; mope;J mjHkk; NkNyhq;FfpwNjh mg;NghJ xt;nthU Afj;jpYk; ehd; mtjupf;fpNwd;.'

 

mLj;j RNyhfk; (4-8) vjw;fhf fpU\;z gfthd;  mtjhuk; vLf;fpwhH vd;gij nrhy;fpwJ.

 

ey;Nyhiuf; fhf;fTk;> jPad nra;Nthiu mopf;fTk;> mwj;ij (jHkj;ij) epiy epWj;jTk; ehd; Afe;NjhWk; gpwf;fpNwd;. (ghujpahH ciu)

 

,jpy; jHkk; vd;w nrhy; tHz jHkj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ. me;j jHkj;ijf; fhg;ghw;wNt flTs; mtjhuk; vLf;fpwhuhk;. rhjp jHkj;ijf; fhg;ghw;w vt;tsT gyj;j Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;ld vd;gij Nkw;gb RNyhfk; vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

'RajHkk; vd;gJ xU tHzj;Jf;F my;yJ rhjpf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l flikfis xUtd; miuFiwahfr; nra;tJ kw;wtHfSf;Fupa RajHkj;ij KOikahfr; nra;tjpYk; ghHf;f ey;yJ'  vd;fpwJ fPij.

 

'xUtd; gpwuJ RajHkj;ij nra;J ngUtho;T tho;tijf; fhl;bYk; jdJ rhjp jHkf; flikfisr; nra;J kuzj;ij miltJ NkyhdjhFk;'  vd;W mNj fPij etpy;fpwJ.

 

ehd;F tHzq;fisAk; mtw;Wf;F cupa njhopy;fisAk; fpU\;z gukhj;kh njspthff; $wpapUf;fpwhH.

 

'gue;jgh! gpuhkzH> rj;jpupaH> itrpaH> #j;jpuH ,tHfSila njhopy;fs; mtutupd; ,ay;gpy; tpisAk; Fzq;fspd;gb tFf;fg;gw;wdthk;. (fPij 18-41 ghujpahH ciu)

 

mff; fhuzj;ij mlf;Fjy;> Gwf; fhuzj;ij mlf;Fjy;> jtk;> Jha;ik> nghWik> NeHik> Qhdk;> fy;tp> Mj;jpfk; .... ,it ,ay;gpNy Njhd;Wk; gpuhkz fHkq;fshk;.  (Nkw;gb 18-42)

 

#uj; jd;ik> xsp> cWjp> jpwik> Nghupy; Gwq;fhl;lhik> <if> ,iwik ... ,it ,aw;ifapNy Njhd;Wk; rj;jpupa fHkq;fshFk;. ( Nkw;gb 18-43)

 

coT> gRf; fhj;jy;> thzpfk; ,it ,aw;ifapNyNa gpwf;Fk; itrpa fHkq;fshk;.

 

njhz;L Gupjy; #j;jpuDf;F mtdpaw;ifahy; Vw;gl;l njhopy;. (Nkw;gb 18-44)

 

,t;thW cgNjrk; nra;J mUr;Rdd; jdJ RajHkkhd Nghiur; nra;aj; Jhz;Lfpwhd; fz;zd;. jdJ Ngr;irf; Nfshky;> mfq;fhuj;jhy; mUr;Rdd; kWg;ghdhfpy; mtd; ngupa ehrj;ij milthd; vdf; fz;zd; gaKWj;Jfpwhd;.

 

FUNrj;jpu fsj;jpy; mUr;Rdd; jdf;F Kd;dhy; mtdJ rNfhjuHfisAk;. Rw;wj;jhiuAk;> khkd;> ikj;JdHfisAk;> rpj;jg;gd;> ngupag;gd;khHfisAk; mtHfsJ gps;isfisAk; ghl;ld;khHfisAk; ghHf;fpwhd;.

 

'mtHfNshL Nghupl;L mtHfis mopg;gnjd;why; vkJ gz;ila FyjHkk; mope;JtpLk;. me;j jtiwr; nra;gtd; eufj;jpw;Fj;jhd; NghthHfs;' vd fpU\;z gukhj;khitg; ghHj;J jdJ fUj;ijr; nrhy;fpwhd;.

 

Mdhy; fpU\;z gukhj;khNth 'mtHfis eP  nfhy;tjdhy;jhd;  eufj;Jf;Fg; Nghfkhl;lha;. gz;ila FyjHkj;ij (NghHj; njhopiy) mopj;j ghtj;jpw;fhf> Fyehrk; vd;fpw khngUk; Fw;wj;jpw;fhf eufj;Jf;Fg; Nghtha;' vd;fpwhd;.

 

Kbthf xU fUj;ij fz;zd; nrhy;fpwhd;. mtdJ filrp MAjk; mJ!

 

'vy;yh mwq;fisAk; tpl;L tpl;L vd;idNa ruz; GF> vy;yhg; ghtq;fspd;Wk; ehd; cd;id tpLtpf;fpNwd;. Jaug;glhNj.'

(Nkw;gb 18-66)

 

,jd; nghUs; xUtDf;F gf;jp ,Ue;jhy; NghJk;. mtd; mwr; nray; vijAk; nra;a Ntz;bajpy;iy. ey;nyhOf;fj;ijf; filg;gpbj;J xOf Ntz;bajpy;iy. gf;jp nrYj;jpdhy; vy;yhg; ghtq;fSk; Ngha;tpLk;.

 

,g;gbg;gl;l fUj;Jf;fs; r%fj;jpy; vg;gbg;gl;l tpisTfis Vw;gLj;Jk; vd;gij vy;NyhUk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

ve;jg; ghtj;ijAk; nra;ayhk;. flTs; kPJ gf;jp nrYj;jpdhy; NghJk;. mtHfsJ ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk;. mtHfSf;F Kf;jp fpilf;Fk;. rptuhj;jpup fijnahd;Nw ,jw;Fj; jf;f rhd;whFk;.

 

fPijfs;> Guhzq;fs;> ,jpfhrq;fs;> cgd;ahrq;fs; kdpjHfis jtwhd ghijf;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpd;wd. 

 

Mjp rq;fuH NghyNt mtuhy; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;l rq;fu klq;fSk; tHz jHkj;ijAk; gpuhkzpaj;ijAk; fl;bf; fhg;gjpy; ,w;iwtiu fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Ue;J tUfpd;wd.

 

tHz jHkk; NrkfukhdJ vd;Wk; ,e;J kjk; xd;wpy; kl;LNk ,e;j tHz jUkk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk;  Vida kjq;fspy; ,y;iy vd;Wk; fhQ;rp rq;fuhr;rhupahH re;jpuNrfNue;jpu ru];tjp ngUikahfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhs;fpwhH! (nja;tj;jpd; Fuy;)

 

'Nahrpj;Jg; ghHj;jhy; ek; Njrj;jpYk;$l gioa tHz jHkq;fspy; gpbg;Gf; Fiwe;JNgha; vy;yhk; xd;whfptpl Ntz;Lk; vd;w mgpg;gpuhak; te;jgpw;ghLjhd; kj czHr;rp Fd;wp eh];jpfk; mjpfkhfp ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W njupfpwJ. re;Njfj;Jf;F ,lk; ,d;wpj; njupfpwJ.

 

,jpy; Ntbf;ifahd tp\akhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ xU kjk; rdq;fisg; gytpjkhfg; gpupj;J itf;fpwJ vd;why; mjpy;jhd; gu];guf; fl;Lf;Nfhg;Gk; If;fpaKk; ,y;yhky; ,Uf;Fk; vd epidf;fpNwhk;. ,g;gbg;gl;l kjk;jhd; rz;ilahy; jdf;Fs;Ns cSj;Jg;NghatpOe;J tpLk; vd;W Njhd;WfpwJ.

 

Mdhy; gytFg;ghf rKjhaj;ij tHz jHkj;jpy; gpupe;J itj;jpUf;fpw ek; kjNkh ,d;wsTk; vd;id ahH vd;d nra;Jtpl KbAk; vd;W %r;irf; nfl;bahfg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L capH tho;fpwJ.

 

Mapuk; gjpdhuhapuk; tU\khf tHz jHkj;ijg; gpd;gw;wpAk; ek; kjk; ,j;jid [Pt fisAld; ,Ue;J te;jjd; kHkk; vd;d? vkJ rh];jpuq;fis u\pj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ]tjHkk;.....' vd;fpwhH.  (nja;tj;jpd; Fuy;)

 

rpj;HfSk;> tpNtfhde;jUk;> fhe;jpAk;> ghujpAk;> ts;syhUk;  ve;j tHz jHkj;ij ,e;J kjj;jpd; rhgf;NfL> fiw> fUg;Gg; Gs;sp vd;nwy;yhk; nrhy;fpwhHfNsh mJNt ,e;J kjj;jpw;F [Pt fisahf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;fpwhH!

 

ehk; Rz;zhk;G vd;gij rq;fuhr;rhupahH ntz;nza; vd;fpwhH!

 

ehk; eQ;R vd;gij mtH mkpHjk; vd;fpwhH! (njhlUk;)

 

 

 


 

 

 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (7)

 

xOf;fj;Jf;Fk; ,e;J kjj;jpw;Fk; ve;jtpj njhlHGk; ,y;iy!

 

'gfthd; tHzhr;rpuk jHkk; gw;wpf; $WfpwhH vd;Nw itj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;. mjpnyhd;Wk; jtwpy;iyNa! tpUg;G ntWg;gpd;wpg; ghHj;jhy;  'tUz Mr;rpuk jHkk;' vd;gJ ehy;tif mwnewpiaf; Fwpf;Fk; tHzhr;rpukg; gpupT rhjpfspy; Nky;jl;L> fPo;j;jl;Lf;fis cz;lhf;Ftjw;F Vw;gl;ljy;y. xU rKjhaj;jpd; nkhj;jj; NjitNa ehd;F tifahd njhopy; tHf;fq;fs;jhk;' vd;fpwhH ftpQH fz;zjhrd;.  fz;zd; mUspa gftj; fPij vd;w EhYf;F vOjpa Kd;DiuapNyNa ,t;thW Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.

 

Mdhy; tHz jHkk; vd;gJ gpwg;gpd; mbg;gilapyhd caHT jho;T vd;gij fz;zd; fPijapy; jpUk;gj; jpUk;gr; nrhy;fpwhd;.

 

ghtpfs; vd;idg; gzpthH MapDk;>

khjNuDk;> itrpaNuDk;

#j;jpuUk; gufjp ngWthH.

mg;gbapUf;f Jha;ik ahHj;j

me;jzUk; uh[up\pfSk;

vdf;F md;guhapd;> vd;Nd? Mjyhy;

epiyaw;wJk; ,d;g kw;wJkhfpa

,t;Tyfg; gpwtp naa;jpa eP

vd;id topglf; fltha;!             (ghujpahH ciu mj; 9-32)

 

,dpf; ftpQH fz;zjhrdpd; ciuiag; ghHg;Nghk;.

 

'mHr;Rdh! jho;e;jtHfs; vd;W $wg;gLNthUk;> khjHfSk;> tzpfHfSk;> ehyhk; tUzj;jtUk; (#j;jpuH) $l vd;id tzq;fpdhy; ey;y fjpia milthHfs;. mg;gbapUf;f ew;Fbg;gpwe;j gpuhkzHfSk; gf;jp kpf;f uh[up\pfSk; mNj caHe;j fjpia milthHfs; vd;gjw;F NtW rhl;rpah Ntz;Lk;? MfNt mopaf; $ba Jd;gk; epiwe;j ,e;j cyfpy; eP ,Ug;gjhy; vd;idNa topgLthahf. (mj; 9-32)

 

Ntj rhj;jpuq;fs; ngz; ghgNahdpapy; gpwe;jjhfr; nrhy;fpwJ. mjdhy; mtHfSf;F gufjp ,y;iy. mtHfs; gufjp mila Ntz;Lk; vd;why; G+kpapy; Mzhfg; gpwe;J te;jhy;j;jhd; cz;L.

 

,jd; fhuzkhfNt ,e;j RNyhfj;jpy; ngz;fs;> rj;jpupaH> itrpaH> #j;jpuH xU gf;fKk; me;jzH vjpHg; gf;fj;jpYk; itj;Jg; Ngrg;gLfpwhHfs;.

 

fz;zjhrd; ehNlhb jpiug;glj;Jf;F vOjpa ghlypy; gilj;jtd; Ngupy; rhjp itj;jij rhLfpwhH. cz;ikapy; mt;itahH rhjpiar; rhbg; ghba 'rhjpapuz;nlhopa Ntwpy;iy .............,l;lhH ngupNahH ,lhjhH ,op Fyj;NjhH' vd;w ghly; fUj;ijj; jOtpNa ,e;jg; ghliy vOjpAs;shH.

 

'nfhLg;gtNd Nky; rhjp

nfhLf;fhjtNd fPo; rhjp

gilj;jtd; Nguhy; rhjp itj;jhd;

ghoha;g; Nghd ,e;jg; G+kpapNa'

 

vdNt fz;zjhrd; gftj; fPijf;F vOjpa Kd;Diuiapy; $wpapUg;gJ tHz jHkj;Jf;F mtH ciu vd;w ngaupy; Nkw;nfhz;l G+r;R MFk;. mg;gbg; G+rp nkOfhJ tpl;lhy; ,e;J kjthjpfs; jiyapy; Jhf;fp itj;Jf; nfhz;lhLk; xU gf;jp Ehypy; flTspd; mtjhukhd gue;jhkNd tHz jHkj;ij jhNd cz;lhf;fpajhfTk; Mdhy; jhd; epidj;jhy; $l mjid khw;w KbahJ vd;W ntspg;gilahf cgNjrk; nra;Ak; ntl;ff; Nfl;il fz;zjhrd; xj;Jf; nfhz;ljhf Kbe;JtpLk;.

 

,jpy; ,d;ndhU Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; fz;zjhrdpd; gftj; fPijf;F mUSiu toq;fp ,Ug;gtH =fhQ;rp fhkNfhb gPlhjpgjp =n[Nae;jpu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupah Rthkpfs;.

 

nghUj;jkhd Ms;jhd; nghUj;jkhd EhYf;F mUSiu toq;fpAs;shH. gftj; fPij gfthNd jdJ gf;jid nfhiy nra;AkhW cgNjrk; nra;Ak; Ehy;! 

 

nfhiynra;jy; rj;jpupadhd mHr;RddJ RajHkk; vd;W vLj;Jiuf;Fk; Ehy;!

 

'eP Nghupy; nfhy;yg;gl;lhy; nrhHf;fk;! ntw;wp ngw;why; ,uh[Nahfk;! MfNt  NghH nra;aj; Jzpe;JtpL. vOe;J epy;! (ghujpahH ciu - mj;.1 - 37) vdg; NghH nra;a kWf;Fk; mUr;Rdid NghH nra;a itj;j gfthdpd; cgNjr Ehy;!

 

gftj;; fPijf;F mUSiu toq;fpa mNj rq;fuhr;rhupahHjhd; ,g;NghJ fhQ;rp tujuh[ ngUkhs; Nfhapy; NkyhsH rq;fuuhkd; vd;gtiu gl;lg;gfypy; $ypg;gil itj;J ntl;bf; nfhiy nra;jJ> nfhiyf;F rjp> rhl;rpaq;fis mopj;jJ kw;Wk; nrd;id ,uhjhfpU\;zd;. kw;Wk; mtuJ kidtp MfpNahiu mNj $ypg;gilia itj;J ,uz;lhz;LfSf;F Kd;dH (nrg;njk;gH 2002) nfhiy Kaw;rp nra;jJ Mfpa tof;Ffspy; Kjy; vjpupahf Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;L NtYhH rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwhH.

 

kz;> ngz;> nghd; vd;w %thiriaAk; Mztk; fd;kk; khia vd;w Kk;kyq;fisAk; Jwe;J re;epahrk; Nkw;nfhz;l mtH kPJ ghypay; mj;JkPwy; Fw;wr; rhl;Lk; Rkj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

'kf;fsidtUk; jq;fSf;Fz;lhd flikfisr; nra;J mjd; gyid gfthDf;Fr; rkHg;gpj;Jtpl;lhy; mtHfSf;F ey;yUSk;> ,d;gkhd tho;f;ifAk; mikAk;' vdr; nrhy;yp rq;fuhr;rhupahH jdJ mUSiuia Kbf;fpwhH.

 

,g;NghJ 'fz;zd; fhl;ba topapy; flikiar; nra;Jtpl;L' mjd; gyid gfthDf;F rkHg;gpf;f Kbahky; mtNu NtYhH rpiwapy; mij mDgtpj;Jf;nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhH! 

 

Nghupdhy; Fy ehrk; Vw;gLk; vd;Wk;> Fy ehrj;jhy; Fy jHkk; mopAk; vd;Wk;> Fy jHkk; moptjdhy; Fyg; ngz;fs; nfl;Lg; NghfpwhHfs; vd;Wk;> Fy khjH  nfLtjdhy; tHzf; Fog;gk; cz;lhfpwJ vd;Wk; mUr;Rdd; Nfs;tp vOg;Gfpwhd;. (mj;. 1 -39>40>41)

 

mUr;Rdd; Fwpg;gpLk; tHzf; Fog;gk; vd;d? Nghhpd; NghJ gil tPuHfs; gif ehl;Lf;Fs; GFthHfs;. ngz;fs; fw;gopf;fg; gLthHfs;. ngz;fisf; fw;gopf;Fk; NghJ rhjp Ntw;Wik ghHj;J fw;gopf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mjdhy; fw;gopg;ghy; fw;gk; milAk; ngz;fSf;Fg; gpwe;j gps;isfis ,d;d tHzk;jhd; vd;W Fwpg;gpl;L nrhy;y KbahJ.

 

,jidj;jhd; mUr;Rdd; tHzf; Fog;gk; vd;W njspthff; Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;.

 

vdNt fPijapy; ifahsg;gLk; tHz jHkk; vd;gJ gpwg;ghy; Vw;gLk; rhjpNajhd; vd;gJ Jyhk;gukhfj; njupfpwJ.  vj;jid fz;zjhrHfs; te;jhYk; me;j gr;ir cz;ikia kiwf;f KbahJ. 

 

fz;zjhrdpd; ,aw;ngaH Kj;ijah. mtH mHj;jj;NjhLjhd; fz;zjhrd; vd;w Gidngaiu NjHe;njLj;jpUf;fpwhH. MaHghb fz;zidg; NghyNt tho;e;jhH.

 

fz;zjhrd; mUikahd ftpQH. tz;zj; jkpOk;> ey;y fw;gidAk;> tHzidAk;  iftug;ngw;wtH. Mdhy; mtH xU gf;jptpahghup. gf;jpiaf; ghlyhfTk; Ehy;fshfTk; vOjp gzk; rk;ghjpj;jtH. 'mHj;jKs;s ,e;J kjk;' vd;w jiyg;gpy; gj;Jg; ghfq;fs; vOjpAs;shH. gftj; fPijf;Fk; ciu vOjpAs;shH.

 

'xU Nfhg;igapy; vd; FbapUg;G Nfhykapy; vd; JizapUg;G' vd;gJ mtH vOjpa jpiug;ghly; kl;Lky;y. mtuJ nrhe;j tho;f;if mDgtKk; mJjhd;. %d;W kidtpaHfis kze;J nfhz;ltH. Fb> $j;jp vd;W jiynjwpf;f Mb Xb miye;J jdJ 55 mfitapy; mlq;fpatH.

 

mUzfpupehjuhtJ  rptg;G tpsf;Nf fjpnadf; fple;J gpd; jpUe;jpatH. ftpQH fz;zjhrd; filrptiu jpUe;jNt ,y;iy.

 

ftpQH fz;zjhrDf;F mHj;jKs;s ,e;Jkjk; vOJtjw;F vd;d jFjp cz;L vdr; rpyH Nfl;fyhk;.

 

mtUf;F vy;yhj; jFjpAk; cz;L. xOf;fj;Jf;Fk; ,e;J kjj;jpw;Fk; ve;jtpj njhlHGk; ,y;iy.

 

'vy;yh mwq;fisAk; tpl;Ltpl;L vd;idNa ruz; GF! vy;yg; ghtq;fspd;Wk; ehd; cd;id tpLtpf;fpNwd;! Jaug;glhNj!' ( mj; 18 -66)

 

xUtd; nfhiyfhudhf ,Uf;fyhk;> Fbfhudhf ,Uf;fyhk;> $j;jpf;fhudhf ,Uf;fyhk;. mLj;j tPl;Lf;fhud; kidtpia flj;jpf; nfhz;L Nghdtdhf ,Uf;fyhk;> mwk; vJTk; nra;ahjtdhf ,Uf;fyhk;. vJthf ,Ue;jhYk; flTis ruz; GFe;jhy; NghJk;! gf;jp nra;jhy; NghJk;! mtd; vy;yhg; ghtq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; tpLtpf;fg;gLfpwhd;!

 

,ijNa Nfhapy;fspYk; Njthyaq;fspYk; k#jpfspYk; ehSk;nghOJk; ehk; ghHf;fpNwhk;!

 

xOq;fk; nfl;ltHfs;jhd; ,e;J kjj;jpy; ,e;jpud; re;jpud; vdg; Nghw;wg;gLfpwhHfs;. ,e;Jkjf; flTsH mjw;F topfhl;bahf ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. 

 

,j;jifa fPjh cgNjrq;fs;> Ntjq;fs;> Mfkq;fs;> Guhzq;fs;> ,jpfhrq;fs; flTs; gf;jp vd;w ngauhy; kdpj Fyj;ij NtWgLj;jp $WgLj;jp jtwhd ghijapy; ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpd;wd.

 

ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapy; ghtk; nra;jtd; kPz;Lk; ghtk; nra;fpwhd;.  ,ijapl;L gbj;j jkpoHfs; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHg;gjpy;iy. gbahj ghkuj; jkpoHfSf;F rpe;jpf;fj; njuptjpy;iy!

 

jpiug;glq;fspYk; rpd;dj;jpiuapYk; tpy;ydhf xUtidr; rpj;jupf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mtid gf;jpkhdhff; fhl;b. new;wpapy; tpG+jpg;gl;ilAk; fOj;jpy; cUj;jpuhl;rf; nfhl;ilAk; fl;btpLfpwhHfs;!

 

re;epahrk; thq;fpa n[Nae;jpuH> fhtp fl;ba rJHNtjp> gpNukhee;jh Nghd;w Nghypr; rhkpahHfs; gfypy; ,opj;jthaHfSf;F ,NjhgNjrk; nra;J tpl;L ,utpy; fhkty;ypfSld; rur ry;yhgk; nra;jpUf;fpwhHfs;!

 

'ehd; fz;zd;! eP Mz;lhs;! cd;id Ml;nfhs;sg; NghfpNwd;' vd;W nrhy;yp gUt kq;ifaHfis kl;Lky;y FLk;gg; ngz;fisAk; rJHNtjp rhhkpahH fw;gopj;jpUf;fpwhH!

 

,e;j xOf;ff; NfL ,d;W New;wy;y mbehs; njhl;L te;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. 

 

ghujk; Ie;jhk; Ntjk;. Nfhapy;fspy; gbf;fg;gLk; Gdpj Ehy;. gftj; fPij mjpy;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

gujd; vd;w murd; Mz;ljhy; me;j ehl;Lf;F gujk; vd;w ngaH te;jJ.  

 

gujd; guk;giuapy; te;j xU murdJ ngaH FU. vdNt mtd; re;jjp FUFyk; vd miof;fg;gl;lJ.

 

,e;jf; FU Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j re;jD vd;w murdJ kfdpd; ngaH. gP\;kd;.

 

Re;jD xU ehs; fq;if Mw;wpy; Fspf;fg; Nghdhd;. NghFk; topapy; kPdtHfsJ FbapUg;gpy; ,Ue;J kPd; ehw;wk; te;jJ. mNj Neuk; mq;Nf moNf tbthd xU ngz; epw;gijg; ghHj;jhd;. ghHj;jTld; Nkhfk; nfhz;lhd;. ngz;zpd; je;ijaplk; jd; tpUg;gj;ijr; nrhd;dhd;.

 

kPdtd; gbahjtd; vd;whYk; Gj;jprhyp. ‘vd; ngz;izf; nfhLf;f vdf;Fr; rk;kjk;. Mdhy; xU epge;jid. vdJ kfs; tapw;wpy; gpwf;Fk; gps;is mjhtJ vdJ Ngud; cdf;Fg; gpd; ehlhSk; murd; Mf Kb #l;lg; glNtz;Lk;. ,jw;Fr; rk;kjk; vd;why; kl;LNk ngz;izj; jUNtd;..’

 

murd; thl;lj;NjhL muz;kid jpUk;gpdhd;. murdJ thl;lj;Jf;fhd fhuzj;ij mtdJ kfd; Nfl;L mwpfpwhd;. clNd mtd; kPdtdplk; Ngha; ‘vdf;F muR Ntz;lhk;. mtdJ epge;jidapd;gb kr;rfe;jpapd; (mtsJ ngaH) tapw;Wg; gps;isNa gl;lj;Jf;F tUthd;’ vd;whd;.

 

‘mJ rup. Mdhy; cdf;Fg; gpwf;Fk; gps;isfs; muRupik Nfl;L  ehisf;F  rz;ilf;F tUthHfNs? mjw;F vd;d nrhy;fpwha;?’

 

‘me;jg; gak; cdf;F Ntz;lhk;! ehd; jpUkzk; nra;a khl;Nld;.’

 

je;ijf;fhf  jdJ muRupikia <if nra;j gP\;kid NjtHfs; ghuhl;b  thdpy; ,Ue;J G+khup nghope;J tho;j;jpdhHfs;.

 

Re;jD kr;rfe;jp ,UtUf;Fk; ,uz;L gps;isfs; gpwe;jhHfs;. Mjpy; xUtd; Nghupy; ,we;jhd;. kw;wtd; re;jjp ,y;yhky; ,we;jhd;. kPdtd; fdT mtd; NguHfNshL Kbe;J tpl;lJ. (njhlUk;)  

 

 


 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (8)

 

ghujk; xOf;ff; NflHfspd; Mghrf; fij!

 

Nghupy; ,we;j Nghd re;jD kr;rfe;jp ,UtUf;Fk; gpwe;j rpj;jpuhq;fjd; tprpj;jpu tPupad; Mfpa  ,uz;L kfd;fSf;Fk; gps;isfs; ,y;iy. ,jdhy; FUFy mur tk;rk; re;jjp ,y;yhky; mopAk; mghak; Njhd;wpaJ. kPdtg; ngz;zhd kr;rfe;jp re;jjp jiof;f xU cahak; nra;jhs;.  

 

gP\;kiu mioj;J rpj;jpuhq;fjd; tprpj;jpu tPupad; Mfpa jk;gpkhupd; kidtpfshd  mk;gpif mk;ghypif (kr;rfe;jpapd; kUkf;fs;) ,UtUf;Fk; gpis;stuk; nfhLf;Fg;gb Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhs;. mjhtJ mtHfisg; GzUkhW Nfl;lhs;.

 

gP\;kd; jhd; je;ijf;Ff; nfhLj;j thf;if kPwkhl;Nld; vd;W cwpjpahff; $wptpl;lhd;.

 

kr;rfe;jp Kaw;rpiaf; iftpltpy;iy. re;jDit kzg;gjw;F Kd;dH guhrukfup\pNahL $bg; gpwe;J fhl;by; jpupe;J nfhz;bUe;j jdJ kfid mioj;J jdJ kUkf;fSf;F gps;istuk; nfhLf;Fk;gb Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhs;. ,td;jhd; ,e;J kjk; nfhz;lhLk; tpahrd;. ehy; Ntjq;fisj; njhFj;jtd;. Ie;jhtJ Ntjk; vdg; Nghw;wg;gLk; ghujj;ij vOjpatd;. mjpy; fhzg;gLk; gftj; fPijia vOjpatd;. 

 

tpgrhuj;jpy; gpwe;j tpahrd; ghujj;ijAk; gftj; fPijiaAk; vOj KbAk; vd;why; ftpaH fz;zjhrd; Vd; mHj;jKs;s ,e;J kjk; vOjf; $lhJ? Md fhuzj;jhy;jhd; mHj;jKs;s ,e;J kjk; vOJtjw;F FbAk; $j;jpAkhf thoe;j fz;zjhrDf;F vy;yhj; jFjpAk; cz;nld;W $wpNdd;.

 

rup fijiaj; njhlUfpNwd;. tpahrd; kr;rfe;jpapd; Ntz;LNfhis kfpo;r;rpAld; Vw;Wf; nfhz;L mk;gpif mk;ghypif vd;w ,uz;L ngz;fNshL NrUfpwhd;.

 

,jpy; %j;jts; mk;gpif  tpahrd; jd;idg; GzUk;NghJ gaj;jhy; fz;iz %bf; nfhz;lhs;. mjdhy; mtSf;Fg; gpwe;j gps;is FUlhfg; gpwe;jJ.

 

,isatshd mk;ghypifAld; tpahrd; NrUk; NghJ mtdJ jhb rlhKb ,tw;iwf; fz;L mr;rj;NjhL ,Ue;jhs;. mjdhy; mtSf;Fg; gpwe;j gps;is Nehahspahfg; gpwe;jJ. 

 

,d;iwa jpiug;glq;fspy; tUk; tpy;yd; fjhehafpapd; fw;igg; gwpf;Fk; NghJ ,af;FeH fjhehafpapd; Ntjidia> ntl;fj;ij> mUtUg;ig> ,ayhikia if fhy;> Kf khWjy;fis mz;ikf; fhl;rpapy; fhl;LthH.

 

,e;jf; fjhehafp NghyNt mk;gpif> mk;ghypif me;j ,uz;L ngz;fSk; tpahrd; fw;gopj;jNghJ mNj Ntjid> ntl;fk;> ,ayhik ,tw;why; Jbj;jpUg;ghHfs;. Jtz;L Ngha; ,Ug;ghHfs;!

 

Kjy; ,uz;L gps;isfSk; nrhl;ilahfg; gpwe;J tpl;ld. murhs xU xOq;fhd gps;is Ntz;Lk;. kr;rfe;jp Mo;e;j Nahridapy; %o;fpdhs;.

 

kr;rfe;jp 'Kaw;rp jpUtpidahf;Fk;' vd;gjpy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;lts;. mts; fhl;by; tho;e;j tpahrid kPz;Lk; mioj;J jdJ ,isa kUkfs; mk;ghypifNahL GzHe;J xU xOq;fhd gps;isiag; nfhLf;FkhW Nfl;fpwhs;.

 

tpahrNdhL ,d;ndhU Kiw $l Ntz;Lk; vd;gijf; Nfl;l mk;ghypif mUtUg;Gf; fhuzkhf mr;rk; nfhs;fpwhs;. je;jpukhf jdJ Ntiyf;fhupia  tpahrNdhL GzUkhW mDg;gp itf;fpwhs;!

 

Ntiyf;fhup murFkhup my;yNt. mts; kfpo;r;rpNahL tpahrNdhL $bdhs;. mtSf;Fg; gpwe;j Foe;ij ve;jf; FiwAk; ,y;yhJ gpwe;jJ.

 

,g;NghJ cq;fSf;F kpFjpf; fij tpsq;fp ,Uf;Fk;.

 

tpahrNdhL  %j;j kUkfs; $bg;gpwe;j FUl;Lg; gps;isjhd; jpUjuhl;bud;. tpahrNdhL ,uz;lhtJ kUkfs; $bg; gpwe;j  Nehahspf; Foe;ijjhd; ghz;L.

 

tpahrDf;Fk; Ntiyf;fhupf;Fk; gpwe;j gps;isjhd; tpJud;.

 

FUl;Lg; gps;is murhsf; $lhJ vd;gjhy; jpUjuhl;bud; xJf;fg;gLfpwhd;.

 

tpJud; Fiwtw;Wg; gpwe;jhYk; Ntiyf;fhupf;Fg; gpwe;jjhy; Ml;rp nra;Ak; jFjpia ,of;fpwhd;.

 

vQ;rpa ghz;L Nehahspahf ,Ue;jhYk; mur fl;by; VWfpwhd;. Ntj rhj;jpuq;fs; mjid mDkjpf;fpwJ.

 

Ntj rhj;jpuq;fs; tprpj;jpukhdit. mit ehfupfk; milahj md;iwa kdpjdJ tho;f;if Kiwia xspj;njwpf;fpd;wd.

 

kr;rfe;jp #j;jpu Fyk;. mtSf;Fk; fhl;by; jtk;nra;J nfhz;bUe;j guhrukfup\pf;Fk; gpwe;j tpahrd; #j;jpu Fyk;. Mdhy; tpahrDf;Fk;>  re;jD-kr;rfe;jp ,UtuJ kfd;fspd; (rpj;jpuhq;fjd;> tprpj;jputPupad;) kidtpaUf;Fk; gpwe;j jpUjuhl;bud; rj;jpupa Fyk; vdf; fUjg;gLfpwhd;. FUld; vd;gjhy; kl;Lk; mtDf;F muRupik kWf;fg;gLfpwJ.

 

mNj Nghy; tpJud; muz;kid Ntiyf;fhupf;Fg; gpwe;j gps;is vd;gjhy; #j;jpu Fyk;. mjdhy; mtDf;F muRupik kWf;fg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; jpupjuhl;bud; NghyNt Nehahspahfg; gpwe;j ghz;LTf;F muRupik mspf;fg;gLfpwJ.

 

Nehahsp ghz;L Fe;jpia kzf;fpwhd;. Mdhy; mtd; Fe;jpiaf; $bdhy; ,we;J  tpLthd; vd;gjw;fhf mtSk; ,d;ndhU kidtp khj;jpupAk; ,e;jpud;> thA> mf;dp Nghd;w NjtHfNshL $b ma;e;J gps;isfisg; ngWfpwhHfs;. mtHfs;jhd; gQ;r ghz;ltHfs;. ghujf; fijapd; fjhehafHfs;. Fe;jp Mwhtjhf #upaidf; fhjypj;Jg; ngw;w gps;isjhd; fHzd;.

 

ngz;Zld; $bdhy; ,wf;f NeupLk; vd;W njupe;Jk; ghz;L muz;kidj jhjp xUj;jpAld; $b ,we;J Nghfpwhd;.

 

ghz;L ,we;J Nghdgpd; mtdJ (?)  kf;fspy; %j;jtdhd jUkd; gl;lk; Vw;fpwhd;.

 

jUkd; gl;lk; #Ltij jpupjuhl;budpd; %j;j kfd; JupNahjdd; vjpHf;fpwhd;. Ml;rp cupik jdf;Nf vd;W thjpLfpwhd;.

 

jpupjuhl;bud; FUlhf ,y;yhjpUe;jhy; mtd;jhd; Ml;rpf; fl;by; VwpapUg;ghd;> vdNt mtDf;Fg; gpd; Kiwg;gb Ml;rpAupik jdf;Nf cupj;J vd;W JupNahjdd; thjpl;lhd;.

 

fTutH - ghz;ltH muRupikr; rz;ilapy; gP\;kH jiyapl;L JupNahjdHfs; m];jpdhGuj;jpYk; ghz;ltHfs; ,e;jpug;gpu];jj;jpYk;  jdpj;jdp muR Ms mkHj;jg; gLfpwhHfs;.    

 

ghz;ltH Ml;rpia NghH nra;NjDk; ifg;gw;w JupNahjdd; Jbf;fpwhd;. mtdJ khkd; rFdp Ml;rpiag; gpbf;f FWf;F top nrhy;ypf; nfhLf;fpwhd;.

 

thspd;wp Ntypd;wp muirg; gpbf;f top ,Uf;Fk; NghJ tPzhf Vd; ,uj;jk; rpe;Jthd;? Vd; capHfs; NghHf;fsj;jpy; gypahf Ntz;Lk;?

 

jUkd; #jpy; Nkhfk; nfhz;ltd;. rFdpNah #jhl;lf; fiyapy; ty;ytd;.

 

jUkd; #jhbj; Njhw;fpwhd;. muir kl;Lky;y> jd;id> jdJ kidtpia> cld; gpwe;j rNfhjuHfis itj;J Mb ,of;fpwhd;.

 

Njhw;wtHfs; Ml;rpia JupNahjdplk;  xg;gilj;Jtpl;L ntspNaWfpwhHfs;.

 

gjpd;%d;W Mz;Lfs; fhl;bNy jiykiwthfj; jpupe;jgpd; kPz;Lk; Ml;rpg; nghWg;ig xg;gilf;FkhW ghz;ltHfs; Nfl;fpwhHfs;. JupNahjdd; kWf;fpwhd;.

 

ehL gpsTgLfpwJ. fTutH xUGwk;. ghz;ltH kWGwk;. FUNrj;jpu G+kpapy; rNfhju Aj;jk; njhlq;FfpwJ.

 

mg;NghJjhd; mUr;Rdd; jdJ mz;zd;> jk;gp> khkd;> kr;rhd;> ngupag;gh rpj;jg;gh MfpNahUf;F vjpuhf rz;il nra;a kWf;fpwhd;.

 

mUr;RddJ vz;zj;ij khw;wp mtid rz;ilf;F Maj;jk; nra;a fz;zd; mtDf;F Fisabf;fpwhd;. mg;gb nfhiy nra;aj; Jhz;Lk; fUj;Jiufs;jhd; gftj; fPij. mjid tpahrd; vOjp;ajhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;lhYk; cz;ikapy; gpw;fhyj;jpy; ahNuh vOjp ghujf; fijNahL NrHj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

xOf;ff; Nfl;Lf;F xU vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf ,e;j kfhghujk; tpsq;FfpwJ. MupaHfSila gz;ghl;Lf;F mJ 'mw;Gj Ehyhf' ,Uf;fyhk;. “Gz;zpa Ehyhf” ,Uf;fyhk; 'vz;zw;w Kj;Jf;fSk;> uj;jpdq;fSk; fpilf;Fk; kfhrKj;jpuj;ijg; Nghd;wjhf' ,Uf;fyhk; (,uhrhrp vOjpa kfhghujk; - gf;fk; 4). Mdhy; mJ jkpo;g; gz;ghl;Lf;F Kw;wpYk; Kuzhd Mghrf; fij. mjidj;jhd; Nfhapypy; jkpo;r; irtHfs; gbf;fpwhHfs;. gbj;J Kbj;j gpd;dH fQ;rp fha;r;rp Cw;WfpwhHfs;.

 

jkpoHfSila %is gpw gz;ghl;lHfshy; tpyq;fplg;gl;ljw;F ,e;jg; ghujg; gbg;G ey;y vLj;Jf; fhl;L.

 

ghujf; fijia gbj;jhYk;> mUfpUe;J gbf;ff; Nfl;lhYk; Nkhl;rk; fpilf;Fk; vd;fpwhHfs;. Nkhl;rk; fpilf;fpwNjh ,y;iyNah epr;rakhf xOf;fk; nfLfpwJ.

 

ghujj;ij gbj;J tpl;L n[Nae;jpu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupahH jd;id tpahrd; vd;W epidj;jpUe;jhy; mjpy; tpag;gpy;iy.

 

,isa klhjpgjp tpN[a;e;jpuUf;F fhQ;rp rq;fu klj;Jf;F mUfpy; ,Ue;j tPbNah filapy; ,Ue;J ePyg; glq;fs; G+f;$ilf;Fs; kiwj;J mDg;gg; gl;ljhk;. mtH vd;d nra;thH. fk;gurj;jpYk;> fe;jurj;jpYk; tbj;Jf; nfhLj;jpUe;jij xsp xypapy; ghHf;fTk; Nfl;fTk; Mirg;gl;bUg;ghH! 

 

fPjh cgNjrq;fs;> Ntjq;fs;> Mfkq;fs;> Guhzq;fs;> ,jpfhrq;fs; flTs; gf;jp vd;w ngauhy; kdpj Fyj;ij FUlhf;fp jtwhd ghijf;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpd;wd.

 

gzk; nfhLj;jhy;> tpujk; ,Ue;jhy;> mHr;rid Muhjid nra;jhy;> NjHj; jpUtpoh nra;jhy; mtHfs; ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gl;L nrhHf;fj;Jf;fhd thry; jpwf;fg;gLk; vd;W $wg;gLtjhy; ghtk; nra;jtHfs; kPz;Lk; ghtk; nra;fpwhHfs;.  Vida kjj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfSf;Fk; ,J nghUe;Jk;.

 

,ijapl;L gbj;j jkpoHfs; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHg;gjpy;iy. gbahj ghkuj; jkpoHfSf;F rpe;jpf;fj; njuptjpy;iy!

 

re;epahrk; thq;fpa n[Nae;jpuH> fhtp fl;ba rJHNtjp> jhb tsHj;j gpNukhee;jh Nghd;w Nghypr; rhkpahHfs; gfypy; ,opj;jthaHfSf;F cgNjrk; nra;J tpl;L ,utpy; jq;fs; klq;fis fhkf; fspahl;lf; $lq;fshf khw;WfpwhHfs;! ,e;J kjj;jpd; ngauhy; ,e;j fhkyPiyfs; muq;NfWfpd;;wd!

 

'ehd; fz;zd;! eP uhij! cd;id Ml;nfhs;sg; NghfpNwd;' vd;W nrhy;yp gUt kq;ifaHfis kl;Lky;y FLk;gg; ngz;fisAk; rJHNtjp rhhkpahH nfLj;jpUf;fpwhH!

 

,jdhy;jhd; jpiug;glq;fspYk; rpd;dj;jpiuapYk; tpy;ydhf xUtidr; rpj;jupf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; new;wpapy; tpG+jpg; gl;ilAk; fOj;jpy; cUj;jpuhl;rf; nfhl;ilAk; fl;b gf;jpkhdhff; fhl;LfpwhHfs;! (tsUk;)

 

 


 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (9)

 

mUtUg;ghd Guhzf; fijfs;! 

 

,e;j xOf;ff; NfL ,d;W New;wy;y. mbehs; njhl;L te;J nfhz;bUfpwJ. 

 

ghujk; Ie;jhk; Ntjk;. Nfhapy;fspy; gbf;fg;gLk; Gdpj Ehy;. mjd; fjhehafHfshd gQ;r ghz;ltHfs; kztpidf;F Gwj;Nj gpwe;jtHfs;. Fe;jpAk; ghz;Ltpd; ,d;ndhU kidtpahd khj;jpupAk; NjtHfNshL $b mtHfisg; ngw;nwLj;jhHfs;. Fe;jp kztpidf;F Kd;dH #upaNdhL $b fHzdidg; ngw;nwLj;jhs;.

 

ghQ;rhypiag; gw;wpr; nrhy;yNt Njitapy;iy. ItUf;Fk; Vf gj;jpdp. ,J Nghjhnjd;W fHzidAk; fhjypj;jts;! mjdhy; vd;d? mJ MupauJ gz;ghl;by; ngupa jFjpahff; fUjg;gl;lJ. mjdhy;  mts; 'mk;kd;' Mdhs;! Gj;jp ,y;yhj jkpod; ,e;j mk;kid tpOe;J Fk;gpl;lhd;! ,g;NghJk; Fk;gpLfpwhd;!

 

gujd; vd;w ngaupy; ,Ue;Jjhd; ghujk; vd;w nrhy; gpwe;jjhk;. ,e;jg; gujd; ahH? rFe;jiyf;Fk; J\;ae;jDf;Fk; kztpidf;F Gwj;Nj gpwe;jtd;. mjw;F ,d;ndhU ngaH fe;jHt tpthfk;!

 

,e;j rFe;jiy vg;gbg; gpwe;jts;? tpRthkpj;jpuDf;Fk; ,e;jpuNyhf Nkdiff;Fk; kztpidf;F Gwj;Nj gpwe;jts;!

 

,e;jpuNyhfk; vd;wTld; ,e;jpud; epidT tUfpwJ. Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb NjtHfspd; murd; ,td;. fTjkKdptupd; gj;jpdp mfypifia Vkhw;wpf; fw;gspj;jtd;. mjdhy; mtd; MZWg;G mwTk; mtd; clk;G KOJk; Mapuk; Nahdp Njhd;wTk; fTjk Kdptuhy; rgpf;fg;gl;l rz;lhsd;! 

 

,uhkhazk; vOjpa thy;kPfp xU topg;gwpf; nfhs;isf;fhud;.

 

jpUkq;if Mo;thH topg;gwp nfhs;is elj;jp =uq;fehjUf;F jpUg;gzp nra;jtH. ,tNu ehfgl;bdk; gTj;j tpfhiuapy; ,Ue;j Gj;jupd; jq;fr; rpiyiaj; jpUb tpw;W me;jg; gzj;jpy; =uq;fehjUf;F tpkhd jpUg;gzp nra;jtH.

 

jpUthrfk; ghba khzpf;fthrfH mupkHj;jd ghz;badJ mikr;rH. Fjpiufs; thq;f murd; nfhLj;j gzj;ij Nfhapy; fl;lr; nrytopj;jhH.

 

mWgj;J %d;W ehad;khHfspy; xUtuhd ,aw;gif ehadhH Nrhoehl;bNy fhtpupg;G+k; gl;bdj;jpy; gpwe;jtH. mbatH vtuhapDk;  vjid tpUk;gpf; Nfl;lhYk; nfhLj;JtpLthH. rptdbahH Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ljw;F ,zq;f fl;ba kidtpia mtH gpd; mDg;gp itj;jhH! vjpHj;j CH kf;fis ths; nfhz;L ntl;br; rha;j;jhH!  ,aw;gif vd;gJ ey;y nghUj;jkhd ngaH! ek;gpahz;lhH ek;gp ,aw;wpa jpUj;njhz;lH jpUte;jhjp ,e;j %l gf;jiu ,g;gbg; Gfo;fpwJ.

 

nra;jtH Ntz;bajp ahJq; nfhLg;gH rptd;jtdha;f;

ifj;jtk; Ngrpepd; fhjyp  iaj;jU nfd;wYNk

ikjpfo; fz;zpia <e;jtd; tha;j;j ngUk;Gfo;te;

nra;jpa fhtpupg; G+k;gl; bdj;Js; ,aw;gifNa.

 

,d;ndhU ehadhH. ngaH tprhujUkH. khL Nka;g;gtH. kz;zpahw;wpd; fiuapy; kzypy; rptypq;fk; nra;J Nka;j;j khLfspy; ,Ue;J ghiyf; fwe;J mjw;F ePuhl;bdhH.  ,g;gb ghy; tPzhfg; Nghtij fz;L tprhujUkhpd; je;ij vr;rjj;jd; gps;isiaj; jz;bj;jhd;. mudhH topghl;bw;F gq;fk; tpistpj;j je;ijia tprhujUkH kOnfhz;L ,uz;L fhy;fisAk; ntl;b tPo;j;jpdhH.

 

clNd rptngUkhd; 'vdf;fhf eP cd;idg; ngw;w je;ijapd; fhy;fis ntl;bf; nfhd;wha;. ahNk cdf;F ,dpj; je;ijahf ,Ug;Nghk;' vd;W jpUtha; kyHe;jUsp kiwe;jhH. gf;jpapd; ngaupy; je;ijia ntl;bf; nfhy;tJ ghgk; my;y ,iwifq;fupak; vd ,f;fij $WfpwJ!

 

fUT+upy; cs;s Mdpiy vd;w Cupy; jpUf;Nfhapy; xd;W ,Ue;jJ. jpUf;Nfhapypy; vOe;jUspAs;s rptngUkhid topgLk; rptdbahHfSf;F jPq;F ,iog;gtHfis vjpHj;J tPo;j;j kOg;gil jhq;fpa xUtH ,Ue;jhH. mtH ngaH vwpgf;j ehadhH.

 

xU ehs; xU rptdbahH G+f;FliyNahL jpUf;NfhapYf;F topghL nra;a Ngha;f; nfhz;bUe;jhH. topapy; Nrho kd;ddpd; gl;lj;J ahidia fhtpupapy; Fspg;ghl;btpl;L me;j topahf ghfHfs; elj;jp te;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ahid rptdbahupd; G+f;$iliag; gpLq;fp G+f;fis tPjpapy; rpjwpaJ.

 

me;jr; rkaj;jpy; vwpgf;j ehadhH me;jg; gf;fk; te;jhH. ele;jij mwpe;J fhw;nwd tpiue;J nrd;W jdJ kOthy; ahidapd; Jk;gpf;ifia ntl;b tpOj;jpdhH. mLj;J Fj;Jf; Nfhw;fhuH %tiuAk; ghfHfs; ,UtiuAk; nfhd;whH. tof;fk; Nghy rptngUkhd; Njhd;wp ,we;jtHfis vOg;GfpwhH. vwpgf;j ehadhH rpwpJ fhyk; tho;e;J jpUf;fapiyapy; rptfzq;fSf;F jiytuhdhH. nfhQ;rg; G+f;fs; nfhl;lg;gl;ljhw;fhf MW capHfis nfhd;wtH ehadhH vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwhH. gf;jH vd;W Nghw;wg;gLfpwhH. rptfzq;fSf;F jiytH Mf;fg;gLfpwhH. 

 

rpWj;njhz;lH vd;w ehadhH. mtuJ ,aw;ngaH guQ;Nrhjp. Nrho kd;dd; mitapy; mikr;ruhf ,Ue;jtH. gpd;dH rptj;njhz;by; <LgLfpwhH. mtuJ kidtp ngaH jpUntz;fhl;L re;jd eq;if. ,tHfSf;F gpwe;j gps;isf;F rPuhsNjtH vd;w ngaH #l;lg;gl;lJ. 

 

xU ehs; xU rptdbahH rpWj;njhz;lH tPl;Lf;F tUfpwhH. 'ehd; tlNjrj;ij NrHe;jtd;. ehk; MW khjj;Jf;F xUKiwjhd;  czT nfhs;Sk; ,ay;gpNdhk;. md;W gRitf; nfhd;W rikj;J cz;gJ ekJ tof;fk;. ,/J ckf;F mUikad;Nwh?' vdf; Nfl;fpwhH.

 

'rpf;fy; ,y;iy. vd;dplk; gRf;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mjpy; xd;iw ntl;b fwp rikf;fyhk;' vd tpil gfHfpwhH rpWj;njhz;lH.

 

rptdbahH jhk; gR vd;W Fwpg;gpl;lJ eugR. me;j 'nkD' vg;gb jahH nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpsf;fk; nfhLf;fpwhH. 'rikaYf;F ntl;lg;gLk; me;jr; rpWtd; xU Fbf;F xUtdha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mtidj; jha; cte;J gpbf;f jhijAk; cte;Nj mupjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW rikay; nra;jhy; ehk; cz;Nghk;' vd;whH.

 

czT jahH MfpwJ. jiy rikaYf;F cjthJ vd;gjhy; mJ tpyf;fg;gLfpwJ. kw;w cWg;Gf;fs; vy;yhk; rikf;fg;gl;ld. NrhWk; Mf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

'ek;Kld; czT nfhs;tjw;F gps;is ,y;iyNah? mtd; ,y;yhky; ehk; cz;Nzhk;. mtidj; Njb mioj;J thUk;"' vdf; fl;lis ,LfpwhH rptdbahH.

 

rpWj; njhz;lH nra;tjwpahJ jpifj;J gpd;dH 'rPuhsh Xb th!' vdf; $tp miof;fpwhH. gs;spapy; ,Ue;J Xb tUgtidg; Nghy; rPuhsd; Xb te;jhd;.

 

tof;fk; Nghy rptdbahuhf te;j rptngUkhd; kiwe;jUspdhH. fij KbfpwJ.

 

,e;j mUtUf;fj;jf;f> Fg;igf; fijnay;yhk; td;njhz;lH vOjpa jpUj;njhz;lH njhif> ek;gpahz;lhH ek;gp vOjpa jpUte;jhjp> Nrf;fpohH vOjpa ngupa Guhzj;jpy; ,tw;wpy; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;lit. ,e;j tiff; fijfs; ,d;Dk; Vuhsk; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

flTsHfsJ kfj;Jtj;ij $w ghlg;gl;litjhd; Guhzq;fs;. Mdhy; flTs; kfj;Jtj;ij ehfupfkhd Kiwapy;> ehYNgH kdk; $rhky; gbf;FkhW vLj;Jr; nrhy;yf; $lhjh?

 

nja;tPfk;> gf;jp vd;w NghHitapy; Njitaw;w> ehfupf;fj;Jf;F Gwk;ghd nray;fis ey;y nray;fshff; fhl;l ,g;gbahd Guhzf; fijfis vOJtJ rupah?

 

flTs; jdJ gf;jid Nrhjpg;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;l gps;isf; fwp Nrl;Fk; fij %yk; nrhy;yg;gl Ntz;Lkh? NtW top ,y;iyah? gps;isf; fwp Nfl;Fk; flTisg; gw;wp ,e;jf; fhyj;J ,isQHfs; vd;d epidg;ghHfs;?

 

ngw;w gps;isia NeHj;jpahf mupe;J fwp rikf;Fk; rpWj;njhz;luJ FUl;L gf;jp gw;wpAk; mtuJ kidtpapd; gjpgf;jp  gw;wpAk; xOf;fk; xOf;ff;NfL> ew;nray; jPr;nray; Mfpatw;iwg; gpupj;Jg; ghHf;Fk; ty;yik gilj;jtHfs;  vd;d epidg;ghHfs;?

 

tPl;ilr; Jha;ikahf itj;jpUf;f xt;nthU ehSk; ngUf;FfpNwhk;. ngUf;Ffpw Fg;igia ntspapy; js;SfpNwhk;. xt;nthU ehSk; Fspj;J clypy; gbe;Js;s  mOf;if Nrhg; Nghl;L mfw;WfpNwhk;.

 

Mdhy; ,g;gb ,opthd> fhyj;Jf;F xt;thj  Fg;igf; fijfis kl;Lk; Vd; tPr kWf;fpNwhk;?

 

,e;jg; Guhzf; fijfs; jtwhdit> nghUsw;wit vd;W fz;bf;fhky; mtw;Wf;F mrl;Lr; rkhjhdq;fisAk; mHj;jkw;w jj;Jtg; Ngr;Rf;fisAk; Kul;L tpahf;fpahdq;fisAk;> Kuz;gl;l Ngr;Rf;fisAk;  kjthjpfs; Ngrpf;nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

ehad;khHfs; gw;wpr; nrhd;Ndd;. ,Njh xU itzt Mo;thH gw;wpa fij.

 

,d;iwa jQ;ir> jpUr;rp ,ize;j Nrhots ehl;by; cs;s jpUkz;lq;Fb vd;w rpw;Whupy; mtjupj;jtH njhz;lub nghbaho;thH. ,tUf;F ngw;NwhH ®tpg;gpuehuhazH' vdg; ngaupl;ldH. ,e;jg; ngaupy; xU jpiug;glk; $l ntspte;jJ.

 

jpUkzj;jpy; tpUg;gkpy;yhj ,tH> =uq;fk; ,uq;fehjg; ngUkhidAk;> ,uq;fehafp jhahiuAk; ehSk; topgLk; nghUl;L mj;jf; NfhapypNyNa jq;fp tpl;lhH.  ee;jtdk; mikj;J> md;W kyHe;j kyHfshy; khiy njhLj;J> ngUkhSf;F ehSk;  rhj;jp ,iwgzp nra;J te;jhH.

 

=uq;fk; mUfpYs;sJ cj;jkHNfhtpy;. jpUkhy;> gpuk;kh> rptd; ,ize;jpUf;Fk; jyk.; ,q;Nf Njtjhrp Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j NjtNjtp vd;gts; jd; %j;j cld;gpwg;Gld; tho;e;J te;jhs;. mts; xUKiw =uq;fk; te;j NghJ> tpg;gpuehuhazupd; ee;jtdj;ijg; ghHj;J mjd; mofpy; nrhf;fpg; Nghdhs;.

 

,e;j ee;jtdNk ,g;gb moF vd;why;> ee;jtdj;J nrhe;jf;fhud; vt;tsT mofhapUg;ghd; vd vz;zpg; ghHj;jhs;. mts; epidj;jJ NghyNt tpg;gpuehuhazUk; kpf mofhf ,Ue;jhH. me;j ,isQid vg;gbAk; mile;Nj jPUNtd; vd;W mts; KbT nra;jhs;.

 

®,iwtDf;F Nrit nra;Ak; xUtiu ek; Nghd;w jhrpfs; jPz;Ljy; jfhJ...' vd;W mwpTiu ey;fpdhs; %j;jts;.  NjtNjtp mijg; nghUl;gLj;jhky; tpg;gpuehuhazupd; ee;jtdj;jpd; eLNtapUe;j FbYf;F fhtp cilAld; gf;ij Nghy; nrd;whs;. me;j kyH Njhl;lj;ij guhkupf;Fk; gzp nra;a mDkjp Ntz;bdhs;.

 

mtsJ Njhw;wk; fz;L Iak; nfhs;shj mg;ghtpahd tpg;gpuehuhazUk; ee;jtdj;jpy; jdpaplj;jpy; jq;f mDkjpj;jhH. mts; nrbfSf;F xt;nthU ehSk; jz;zPH Cw;Wjy;> kyH gwpg;gjpy; cjTjy; vd tpg;gpuupd; ek;gpf;ifiag; ngw;whs;. rpy khjq;fs; fle;J tpl;ld.

 

xUehs; fLk; kio kioapy; eide;jgbNa ee;jtdj;Jf;Fs; te;jhH tpg;gpuehuhazH. njhg;gy;> njhg;gyhf eide;jpUe;j mtuJ jiyiaj; Jtl;LtJ Nghy; ebj;J> jd;dofhy; kaf;fp tPo;j;jpdhs; NjtNjtp. ,uq;fehjH kPJ ,Ue;j fhjy; Njt Njtp kPjhd fhkk; Mf khwpaJ.  mjd;gpd; mtNs fjpnadf; fple;jhH tpg;gpuehuhazH. mtuplkpUe;j nghUisf; ftUk; tiu mq;fpUe;j NjtNjtp> fhupak; Kbe;jJk; cj;jkH NfhtpYf;Fg; Ngha;tpl;lhs;.

 

tpg;gpu ehuhazUf;F mtsJ gpupitj; jhq;f Kbatpy;iy cj;jkH NfhapYf;F mtisj; Njb te;jhH Mdhy;> nghUspd;wp mq;F tu Ntz;lhk; vd mbj;Jr; nrhy;yp tpl;lhs; NjtNjtp. (tsUk;)

 


 

rhjp kjg; Ngia tpul;ba rpj;jHfs; (10)

 

rhjp kj Ngjq;fis vjpHg;gJ ehj;jpfk; my;y!

 

jd; mbatid NkYk; Nrhjpf;f tpUk;gpa ,uq;fehjH Nfhtpypy; cs;s xU jq;fg; ghj;jpuj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhz;L NjtNjtpapd; ,y;yj;jpw;F xU gzpahsd; Ntlj;jpy; nrd;whH. jd; ngaH mofpa kzthsd; vd;Wk;> mij tpg;gpuehuhazH nfhLj;jDg;gpajhfTk;> md;wpuT mtH mq;F tUtjhfTk; $wpdhH. tpg;gpuUk; tof;fk; Nghy; mq;F nry;y mtiu tuNtw;W cgrupj;jhs; NjtNjtp. md;wpuT mq;Nf jq;f mDkjpj;jhs;.

 

kWehs; Nfhtpypy; jq;fg; ghj;jpuk; fhzhky; Nghd jfty; mHr;rfHfs; %yk; murDf;F nrd;wJ. VtyHfs; tPLfisr; Nrhjidapl;ldH. NjtNjtp tPl;by; ghj;jpuk; rpf;fpaJ. tprhuizapy; mij mtSf;F tpg;gpuehuhazH nfhLj;j jfty; njupe;jJ.

 

jpUl;Lg; ghj;jpuj;ij thq;fpa Fw;wj;Jf;fhf NjtNjtpf;F ntWk; mguhjk; kl;LNk tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy;> jpUl;L tof;fpy; re;Njff; ifjpahd tpg;gpuehuhaziu rpiwapy; milj;jhd; kd;dd;.

 

,uq;fhehjH kd;ddpd; fdtpy; Njhd;wp> ele;j tpguq;fis vLj;Jiuj;jhH. tpg;gpuehuhaziu tpLjiy nra;jhd; kd;dd;.

mtH kdk; jpUe;jp> mbatHfspd; ghjq;fisf; fOtp> mj;jPHj;jj;ijg; gUfp> ,iwtdpd; mUis kPz;Lk; ngw;whH. gf;jHfSf;fhf rpwpa gzpfisAk; rpuNkw;nfhz;L nra;jhH. ,jdhy; "njhz;lubg; nghbaho;thH" vdg; ngaH ngw;W gy;yhz;L tho;e;J ,iwtNdhL fye;jhH.

 

,e;jf; fij fw;gpf;Fk; ghlk; vd;d? gf;jdpd; jhrp Nkhfj;ij jPHj;J itf;f ,uq;fehjNu gzpahs; Nghy; Ntlk; G+z;L jq;fg; ghj;jpuj;ij tpg;gpuehuhazH nfhLj;jjhff; NjtNjtpaplk; nfhLf;fpwhH. fhtp fl;ba re;epahrp jhrp tPNl fjpnadf; fple;J ciye;jhYk; gUthapy;iy> mg;gbg;gl;l xUtH ,uq;fehjuplk; gf;jp itj;jhy; NghJk;. mtUf;F ,e;j cyfpy; rpw;wpd;gKk; mLj;j cyfpy; Ngupd;gKk; fpilf;Fk;.

 

gf;jpf; fijfis kf;fs; gbj;jhy; mtHfspilNa ,iwAzHT ngUFk;> mUs; fpilf;Fk;> md;G kyUk;> Mztk; xopAk;> tPLNgW vspjpy; fpilf;Fk; vd;fpwhHfs;.

 

Mdhy; vdf;F ,e;jf; fijfisg; gbf;f tapw;iwf; Fkl;bf; nfhz;L tUfpwJ! flTs; gf;jpia tpsf;f NtW fijfs; fpilf;ftpy;iyah? eukhkprk; Nfl;Fk; flTs; mjidr; rikay; nra;J nfhLf;Fk; gf;jH; ,tHfs;jhd; fpilj;jhHfsh?

,d;iwa jiyKiwapdUf;F gf;jpapd; ngauhy; ,e;jf; fijfisr; nrhy;ypf; nfhLj;jhy; ,e;J rkak; fhl;Lkpuhz;bfspd; rkak; vd epidg;ghHfs;. mg;gb epidj;jhy; mJ mtHfs; Fw;wky;y.

 

,g;gb ehd; vOjpdhy; iftpuy; tpl;L vz;zf;$ba ,e;J kjthjpfs; Gj;jpiaj; jPl;Ltjw;Fg; gjpy; fj;jpiaj; jPl;LfpwhHfs;. fhQ;rp rq;fuhr;rhupahH rq;fuuhkidj; jPHj;Jf; fl;baJ Nghy jPHj;Jf; fl;btpLNthk; vd kpul;LfpwhHfs;.

 

Kof;fk; ehj;jpf VL. ef;fPud; ehj;jpfd; vd ehyhtJ jkpopy; jpl;LfpwhHfs;.

 

vkJ mf;fiw vy;yhk; vkJ ,dk;> vkJ nkhop> vkJ gz;ghL gw;wpaJ. vkJ ,dj;ij jho;j;j epidg;gtHfs;> vkJ nkhopia gopg;gtHfs;> gz;ghl;ilg; ,opj;Jiug;gtHfs; vkJ vjpupfs;.

 

,g;gbahd Guhzf; fijfs; kpifg;gLj;jp GuhzpfHfshy; vOjg;gl;lit. mtw;iw ngupJgLj;j Ntz;bajpy;iy vd;W rpyH nrhy;yyhk;. mJ rupahfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;.

 

'ed;W Guhzq;fs; nra;jhH - mjpy;
ey;y ftpij gyg;gy je;jhH
ftpij kpfey;y NjDk; - mf;
ftpijfs; ngha;nad;W njspTwf; fz;Nlhk;
Gtpjdpy; tho;newp fhl;b - ed;ik
Nghjpf;Fk; fl;Lf; fijfs; mitjhk;'

 

vdg; ghujpahH Guhzf; fijfs; ngha;nad;W njspthfr; nrhy;fpwhH.

 

"fiyAiuj;j fw;gidNa epiynadf; nfhz;lhLk;
fz;%bg; gof;fq;fs; kz;%bg; Nghf'

 

vd;W ,uhkypq;f mbfs; ghLfpwhH.

 

Guhzf; fijfs; fl;Lf;fijfNs. my;yJ rpwpa mstpyhd cz;ik tuyhw;W epfo;r;rps; gy klq;F kpifg; gLj;jpf; $wg;gl;lit MFk;. FUl;L ek;gpf;iffis %lf; nfhs;iffis gf;jp vd;w NghHitapy; epahag;gLj;Jtjw;F Gidag; gl;lit.

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf MupaHfsJ eshapdp fijiaf; $wyhk;. eshapdp jdJ njhONeha; gpbj;j fztid xU $ilapy; itj;J jhrp tPl;Lf;Fr; Rke;J nry;fpwhs;. ,J mts; xU fw;Gf;furp vd rpj;jupg;gjw;fhf fl;lg;gl;l fij.

 

,uhkd; kidtp ,uhtzdhy; ftHe;J nry;yg;gl;L gy Mz;Lfs; mNrhftdj;jpy; rpiw itf;fg;gl;lts;. ,uhtzidf; nfhd;W rPijia rpiw kPl;l ,uhkd; mtis glk; tpupj;j xU ghk;G Nghyr; rPwp vOe;J Nfhgj;NjhL ghHf;fpwhd;.

 

'Cz;jpwk; cte;jid> xOf;fk; gho;gl
khz;biy> Kiwjpwg;(G) muf;fd; khefH
Mz;Liwe;(J) mlq;fpid> mr;rk; jPHe;(J) ,tz;
kPz;l(J) vd; epid(T) vid tpUk;Gk;! vd;gNjh?

 

(fk;guhkhazk  - Aj;jfhz;lk; 966)

 

,uhtzid mopj;jnjy;yhk; cd;id kPl;Fk; nghUl;L md;W. vdf;F NeHe;j gopiaj; ePf;fpf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;Nl MFk;. eP ,we;J gL. ,d;Nwy; vq;NfahtJ Ngha;tpL vd;nwy;yhk; ,uhkd; gpj;Jg; gpbj;jtd; Nghy; NgRfpwhd;. ,uhkd; ,we;J gL vd;W nrhd;djhy; rPij jPf;Fspj;J jd; fw;ig vz;gpf;fpwhs;.

 

Mdhy; ,d;W fw;igg; gw;wpa kjpg;gPL khwptpl;lJ. fw;ngd;W nrhy;y te;jhy; mJ Mz; ngz; ,UtUf;Fk; nghJtpy; itf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w fUj;J Nt&wpd;wp tpl;lJ.

 

,d;W rPij capNuhL ,Ue;jhy; ,uhkDf;F ,d;ndhU Fop ntl;LkhW ,yf;Ftdplk; nrhy;yp mjpy; ,uhkidj; jPf; Fspj;J mtdJ fw;ig vz;gpf;FkhW Nfl;bUg;ghs;!

 

,d;W mUe;jjp ,Ue;jhy; guj;jikf;F vjpuhd rl;lk; mts; kPJ ghAk;. ,d;W rPij ,Ue;jhy; jw;nfhiy nra;a Kaw;rpj;j Fw;wj;Jf;fhf ifJ nra;ag; gl;bUg;ghs;. jw;nfhiy nra;a Jhz;ba Fw;wj;jpy; ,uhkDk; ifJ nra;ag;gl;bUg;ghd;.

 

NtW tpjj;jpy; nrhd;dhy; fhyk; khWk; NghJ fUj;Jk; khWfpwJ. gioad fope;J Gjpad GFfpwJ. mJ tOty;y. ,d;W ngz; mbikj;jdk; KOikahf ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; ngUksT xopf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. cld;fl;il Vwy;> ,sk;ngz; jpUkzk; rl;lg;gb jil nra;ag;gl;Ltpl;ld.

 

,e;J kjk; nfhba ghgq;fs; vd;W nrhy;Yk; fs;> fsT> Gyhy; cz;zy; Nghd;wtw;iw tpyf;Fk; ,e;Jf;fs; FiwT. ngupa Guhzj;ij gbf;Fk; my;yJ gbj;j ,e;Jf;fis tpuy; tpl;L vz;zptplyhk;. mjpy; nrhy;yg;gl;l fijfs; mtHfSf;F KOikahfj; njupahJ.

Mdhy; gps;isf; fwp rikj;Jf; nfhLj;j rpWj;njhz;liuAk; fl;ba kidtpia rptdbahNuhL mDg;gp itj;j ,aw;gifiaAk; Nfhapypy; itj;J topgLfpwhHfs;.

 

,uzpad; gpufyhjd; fij vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupAk;. fijiag; gbahtpl;lhYk; mJgw;wpf; Nfs;tpg;gl;bUg;ghHfs;. ,JTk; jpiug;glkhf gy Mz;LfSf;F Kd; ntspte;jJ.

 

,e;jg; Guhzf; fij Mupa Ntjkj rhj;jpuq;fisAk;> ahfk; tsHj;J mjpy; ML khL Nghd;w capHfs; gypaplg;gLtijAk; vjpHj;j jpuhtplHfis ehj;jpfHfs; vd;W fhl;Ltjw;fhf vOjg;gl;lJ.

 

gpwg;gpy; Ntw;Wikfs;. Vw;wj; jho;Tfs;. GNuhfpjk; nra;a caH rhjpapdUf;Nf cupik>

,d;d rhjpapdHjhd; flTis G+rpf;fyhk;> NrhW gilf;fyhk;> Fspg;ghl;lyhk;>

 

rk];fpUjk; Njt nkhop! jkpo; ePr nkhop! jkpo; ig]hr nkhop> jkpopy; topghL $lhJ> fhuzk; flTSf;Fj; jkpo; GupahJ> njupahJ.

#j;jpuj; .jkpod; Nfhapy; G+ir nra;af;$lhJ> mtDf;F Gir nra;Ak; mUfij ,y;iy.

 

jkpod; fl;ba NfhapYf;Fs;Ns mtd; Eisaf; $lhJ. me;jj; jPl;ilg; Nghf;f FlKOf;F (Fk;ghgpNrfம்) nra;a Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; jkpopy; FlKOf;Fr; nra;af; $lhJ> mjid Mfkk; mDkjpf;fhJ.

 

,t;thnwy;yhk; rhj;jpuq;fs; nrhy;YNkahdhy; kfhftp ghujpahH ghbapUg;gijg; Nghy; mit rhj;jpuq;fs; my;y jkpopdj;Jf;F vjpuhd rjpnad;W nrhy;Ntd;.

 

fhQ;rp fhkNfhb gPl =n[Nae;jpu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupahH jkpo;ehl;by; ,Ue;J nfhz;L> jkpo;f; fhw;iw Rthrpj;Jf; nfhz;L> fhtpupj; jz;zPiuf; Fbj;Jf; nfhz;L jkpo; ePr ghi\ vdg; gfpuq;fkhf Nkilfspy; NgRfpwhH. ,e;Jf; flTsHf;F jkpo; njupahJ vd;W ,Wkhg;NghL nrhy;fpwhH.

 

re;jpukTyP];tuUf;F G+ir nra;Ak; Neuk;tiu ePr ghi\ahd jkpopy; Ngr khl;lhH. jkpopy; NgRtijj; jtpHg;gjw;fhf kTd tpujk; ,Uf;fpwhH!

 

jypj;Jfisf; Nfhapypy; mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ vd;W nrhy;fpw n[fj; FUTk; ,e;j rq;fuhr;rpahHjhd;.

mWgj;J %d;W ehad;khHfis rhjpthupahf> me;je;j rhjpahH me;je;j ehad;khiu topgl Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wp tUzjHkj;jpd; NtUf;F jz;zPH Cw;WfpwtUk; ,tHjhd;. mjw;F rhkuk; tPRgtUk; ,tHjhd;. rhjp Ngjj;jpw;F Gj;JapH Cl;LgtUk; ,tHjhd;.

 

Vida kjq;fs; kf;fis mizj;J xd;WgLj;JfpwJ. ,e;J kjk; Mapuk; rhjpfshf kf;fisf; $W NghLfpwJ! jPz;lhik ghuhl;LfpwJ!

 

NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l rq;fuhr;rhupahH NtW ahUky;y. fhQ;rp tujuh[g; ngUkhs; Nfhapy; NkyhsH rq;fuuhkidf; nfhiy nra;jJ> nfhiy nra;a rjp nra;jJ Nghd;w Fw;wr; rhl;by; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L ,uz;L khjk; NtYhH rpiwapy; fk;gp vz;zpa gpd;dH gpizapy; ntspte;Js;s mNj fhQ;rp fhkNfhb gPl n[Nae;jpu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rpahHjhd;.

 

,iwtd; xU nkhopf;Nf cupatd; vd;gJ ,iwtDila Fiwtpyh epiwTj; jd;ikf;F (vy;yhk; njupe;jtH) Fiw fw;gpg;gjhFk;. ,iwtDf;F tpUg;gkhd nkhop vd;Wk; tpUg;gk; ,y;yhj nkhop vd;Wk; xd;Wk; ,y;iy.

 

'ehSk; ,d;dpirahy; jkpo; gug;Gk;' jkpo; Qhdrk;ge;jH> 'jkpNohL ,ir ghly; kwe;jwpahj' mg;gH> 'ePH jkpNohbir Nfl;Fk; ,r;irahy; fhR epj;jy; ey;fpdPH" vd;W ghba Re;juH ,tHfistpl fhQ;rp rq;fuhr;rhupahH gf;jpapy; caHe;jtuh? mUspy; rpwe;jtuh? mwptpy; ngupatuh? xOf;fj;jpy; rpwe;jtuh?

 

,e;J kjj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; %lgf;jp> rhjp> jPz;lhik> gpuhkzpa Mjpf;fk;> rk];fpUj Nkyhz;ik> fhyj;Jf;F xt;thj rhj;jpuq;fs;> Nfhj;jpuq;fs;> rk;gpujhaq;fs; Mfpatw;iw vjpHg;gJ ehj;jpfk; vd;why; ts;StH> rk;ge;jH> mg;gH> Re;juH> jpU%yH> jhAkhdtH> ,uhkypq;f mbfs;> ghujpahH> rptthf;fpahH kw;Wk; rpj;jHfs; vy;NyhUNk ehj;jpfHfs;jhd;. mLj;j fpoik mtHfisr; re;jpg;Nghk;. (tsUk;)