,e;jpahtpd; (epiyg;) ghl;Lf;F ,ul;ilj; jho;g;ghs; Nghl;l kfpe;j ,uhrgf;r!

 

Kd; vg;nghOJk; ,y;yhjthW jkpo;ehl;by; ,Ue;Jk; ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;Jk; ey;y nra;jpfs; te;j tz;zk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;w khiaapy; jkpo;kf;fs; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;!

 

Kd;dH jkpof Kjy;tiug; ghHj;Jg; Ngr KbahJ jpUk;gpa jkpo;j; Njrpa $l;likg;G ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; ,g;NghJ mtiur; re;jpj;Jg; NgrpapUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

mJ kl;Lky;y jkpof Kjy;tiug; Nghy ,e;jpag; gpujkiuAk; re;jpahJ jpUk;gpa jkpo;j; Njrpa ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; ,k;Kiw mtiuAk; Neupy; fz;L RkhH 45 kzpj;Jsp NgrpapUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

jkpof Kjy;tH> ,e;jpag; gpujkH ,tHfNshlhd re;jpg;G jpU. ,uh. rk;ge;jd; jiyikapy; KiwNa bnrk;gH 20 (Gjd;fpoik) kw;Wk; bnrk;gH 22 (nts;spf;fpoik) ele;jd. 

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij ,e;jpa muR mq;fPfupf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; ehlhSkd;wf; FO typAWj;jpaJ.

 

,e;jr; re;jpg;igj; njhlHe;J ,lk;ngw;w nra;jpahsH khehl;by; jpuhtpl ,af;fj; jkpou; Nguit mikg;ghsu; Nguhrpupau; Rg.tPughz;bad; “jkpo;ehL Kjy;tu; fUzhepjpia jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; rpwpyq;fh ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fs; ,d;W gpw;gfy; re;jpj;Jg; Ngrpa NghJ <oj; jkpo; kf;fs; gLk; Jauq;fis tptupj;jdu;. mjidg; gupNthL Nfl;Lf;nfhz;l Kjy;tu; ,e;jpa murplk;  ,J njhlHghf NgRtjhff; $wpdhu;. cq;fspd; cs;sf; FKwiy ehd; njspthf mwpe;jpUf;fpNwd;. vd;dhy; rl;lq;fSf;Fl;gl;L ,ad;w mj;jidiaAk; nra;fpNwd; vd;Wk; Kjy;tu; njuptpj;jhu;” vdf; Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

 

mLj;Jj; jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fshfpa ,uh. rk;ge;jd;> khit Nrdhjpuhrh> RNu]; gpNukr;re;jpud;> nry;tk; milf;fyehjd;  MfpNahu; NgrpdhHfs;.

 

,yq;ifapy; jkpou; gFjpfspy; thOk; jkpo; NgRk; kf;fspd; Jd;gq;fis jkpof Kjy;tuplk; vLj;Jr; nrhy;y tpUk;gpNdhk;. mjid Kjy;tUf;F ehk; njuptpj;j NghJ mjw;Fupa tha;g;ig vkf;F ,d;W mspj;jhu;. jkpof Kjy;tu; mtu;fSf;Fk; jkpof kf;fSf;Fk; ehq;fs; ed;wp nrhy;yf; flikgl;Ls;Nshk;.

 

,yq;ifapy; ghuk;gupakhf thOk; jkpo;j; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; kPJ kpfg; gaq;fukhd Kiwapy; =yq;fh murpdhy; xLf;FKiw fl;ltpo;j;J tplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

,yq;ifapd; fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; thfiu> fjpuntsp gpuNjrq;fspy; 40 Mapuj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l kf;fSk; aho;g;ghz Flhehl;Lf; fhd V9 jiutopg; ghijia rpwpyq;fh muR %b itj;jpUg;gjhy; xU jpwe;j ntsp rpiwr;rhiyapy; 650>000 ,yl;rk; Flhehl;L kf;fSk; cztpd;wp kUj;Jt trjpapd;wp gl;bdpr; rhTf;F js;sg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.  aho;g;ghzj;jpy; kPd;gpbj;jy; Kw;whfj; jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

mNj Neuj;jpy; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; jdJ ,uhZt eltbf;iffsj; jPtpug;gLj;jpAs;sJ. tlf;F - fpof;fpy; jkpou; jhafg; gFjpapy; ehshe;jk; 30 Kjy; 50 Ngu; tiuapy; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gLfpd;wdu;.

 

aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ehisf;F 50 Ngu; fhzhky; NghFk; epiyik cUthfpAs;sJ. mz;ikapy; 30 ,isQu;fs; kdpj cupikfs; Mizaj;jplk; jQ;rkile;J ghJfhg;Gf;fhf rpiwr;rhiyfspy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sdu;.

 

kfpe;j ,uhrgf;r Ml;rpf;F te;j gpd;du; 14 Mapuj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;Nlhu; jkpofj;Jf;F mfjpfshf ,lk;ngau;e;Js;sdu;. cs;ehl;bNyNa 2.5 ,yl;rk; Ngu; mfjpfshf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH.

 

jkpo; kf;fSf;F nfhQ;rk; $l rpwpyq;fh murpdhy; ghJfhg;G toq;f KbahJ. rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;jpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if ,y;yhjjhNyNa ghJfhg;Gf;fhf jkpofj;Jf;Fk; ntspehLfSf;Fk; mfjpfshf jkpo; kf;fs; XLfpd;wdu;.

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSld; 2002 ngg;utup 22 ,y;  Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifia rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; nra;J nfhz;lJ. Mdhy; me;j cld;gbf;ifia kjpf;fhky; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfis ,uhZt mbg;gilapy; mlf;fp xLf;fNt murhq;fk; nraw;gLfpwJ.

 

,e;j 4 Mz;L Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jfhyj;jpy; ve;j xU rpW cjtpAk; $l jkpo; kf;fSf;Ff; fpilf;ftpy;iy. jkpo; kf;fSf;fhd ,ilf;fhy epUthf mikg;Gk; cUthf;fg;gltpy;iy.

 

fpof;fpy; cs;s jpUNfhzkiyapypUe;J Kw;W KOjhf jkpo; kf;fis ntspNaw;Wk; tifapNyNa rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtk; nraw;gl;L tUfpwJ. jkpo; kf;fis Kw;whf jpUNfhzkiyapypUe;J ntspNaw;wp tpl;L mjd; gpd;du; mg;gpuNjrj;jpy; cs;s kl;lf;fsg;G> mk;ghiwapYk; jkpou;fis ntspNaw;wp gTj;j rpq;fskakhf;Fk; eltbf;iffisNa rpwpyq;fh Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpwJ.

jkpo;ehl;Lf;F mfjpfshf te;Js;Nshupy; ngUk;ghyhNdhu; jpUNfhzkiyiar; Nru;e;j jkpou;fs; MtH.

 

,e;jpa - ,yq;if cld;ghl;bd; fPo; jkpou; jhaf gpuNjrq;fshd tlf;Fk; fpof;Fk; ,izf;fg;gl;L xNu khfhzkhf - xNu myfhf cUthf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

fle;j 18 Mz;L fhykhf eilKiwapy; ,Ue;J te;j tlf;F - fpof;F ,izg;ig 100 tpOf;fhL rpq;fstu;fs; nfhz;l =yq;fhtpd; cr;r ePjpkd;wk; ,izg;G Kiw nry;yhJ vd;W jPHg;gspj;jJ.

 

Kd;du; Mopg;Nguiyahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;lNghJ nghJf;fl;likg;G cUthf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W midj;Jyf ehLfs; Kaw;rpj;jd. Mdhy; nghJf;fl;likg;Gk; rl;l KuzhdJ vd;W ,Nj cr;rePjpkd;wk; jPu;g;gspj;jJ.

 

ehq;fs; fle;j Kiw ,e;jpa kj;jpa murhq;fj;jpdiu re;jpj;j NghJ ,J tplakhf tpthjpj;Njhk;. tlf;F - fpof;ifg; gpupf;f mDkjpf;f khl;Nlhk; vd;W ,e;jpa muR njuptpj;jJ. Mdhy; ,e;jpa murhq;fj;jpd; tpUg;gj;ijAk; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; ,d;Wtiu epiwNtw;wtpy;iy.

 

tlf;F - fpof;F khfhz ,izg;Gf;fhd rl;l %yj;ij ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; murhq;fk; jhf;fy; nra;jhy; gpujhd vjpu;f;fl;rpahd ma;f;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp Mjupg;gjhf mwptpj;jJ. ehq;fs; jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;Gk; Mjupg;gjhff; $wpNdhk;. Mdhy; mjw;F rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; Maj;jkhf ,y;iy.

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfisg; gytPdg;gLj;JfpNwhk; vd;W nrhy;ypf;nfhz;L jkpopdg; gLnfhiy fl;ltpo;j;J tplg;gl;Ls;sJ. xU nfhiyf; fyhr;rhuj;ij rpwpyq;fh muR cUthf;fpAs;sJ.

 

jkpo; kf;fis gLnfhiy nra;J nfhz;Nl kWgf;fj;jpNy Ngr;Rthu;j;ijf;Fj; jahu; vd;W $wp midj;Jyf ehLfis rpwpyq;fh muR Kl;lhshf;FfpwJ.

 

jkpou; jhafj;ij gpsTgLj;jp tlf;F - fpof;F kf;fis gpsTgLj;jp jkpou; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij gytPdg;gLj;jNt rpwpyq;fh muR nray;gLfpwJ.

Ngr;Rthu;j;ijfs; jkpo; kf;fSf;F vjidANk toq;fhj epiyapy; ehq;fs; njhlu;e;Jk; NgRtjpy; gadpy;iy.

 

vkJ jhafkhd ,yq;ifapd; tlf;F - fpof;fpy; ehk; Rje;jpukhf tho tpUk;GfpNwhk;.

 

jkpo; kf;fis mopj;njhopf;Fk; =yq;fh murhq;fj;jpd; mlhtbj;jdq;fSf;Fk; fhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdj;Jf;Fk; Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

jkpo; kf;fisAk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfis mopj;J KO ,yq;ifiaAk; ngsj;j rpq;fs ehlhf khw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;w xNu ,yf;NfhL kl;LNk rpwpyq;fh muR nray;gLfpwJ.

 

,yq;ifapy; mur gaq;futhjk; fl;ltpo;j;J tplg;gl;Ls;sik Fwpj;J midj;Jyf ehLfSf;Fk; ehk; vLj;Jf; $wpNdhk;. Mdhy; me;ehLfs; iftpupj;J tpl;ld.

 

Mifahy; ,ay;ghfNt ahu; vq;fSf;F jQ;rk; mspf;f Ntz;LNkh ahu; vq;fSf;Fg; ghJfhg;G mspf;f Ntz;LNkh me;j ,e;jpahTf;F ehk; kPz;Lk; te;Js;Nshk;. jw;NghJ kf;fshy; njupT nra;ag;gl;l jkpof Kjy;thud - cyfj; jkpou;fspd; jiytu; fiyQu; mtu;fis re;jpj;J vq;fs; kf;fSf;F ghJfhg;G mspf;f - vq;fs; kf;fs; rhtpypUe;J jg;gpj;J capu; tho eltbf;if vLf;FkhW typAWj;jpAs;Nshk;.

 

jkpo; kf;fisg; ghJfhf;f kj;jpa muir typAWj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; Kjy;tuplk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;Nlhk;. mtu; NgRtjhff; $wpAs;shu;.

 

,e;jpa murhq;fkhdJ ntw;W mwpf;iffNshL epw;fhky;>  toikahd mwpf;iffs; Nghy; ,y;yhky; ,yq;ifapy; thOk; jkpo; kf;fs; rk Fbkf;fshf  elj;jg;glh tpl;lhy; rpwpyq;fhtpd; xUikg;ghLk; xw;WikAk; ghjpg;Gf;Fs;shFk; vd;fpw tifapyhd mOj;jk; mspf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

,e;jpahTf;Fk; ,yq;ifj; jkpou;fSf;Fk; tuyhw;W mbg;gilapy;> ,dk;>

nkhop kw;Wk; gz;ghl;L mbg;gilapy; Mokhd cwT cz;L. ehk; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gLfpw NghJ ePq;fs; ntWkNd ghu;itahsuhf ,Uf;f KbahJ.

 

jkpo; kf;fspd; ghJfhg;Gj; njhlu;ghf ,e;jpah jdJ gfpuq;fkhfTk; cWjpahfTk; jdJ epiyg;ghl;ilr; nrhd;dhy;jhd; jw;Nghija mty epiyik khWk;. ,e;jpahthy; vjidAk; nra;a KbAk;.

 

,yq;ifapy; jkpou;fspd; jhafg; gpuNjrkhd tlf;F fpof;fpy; jkpou;fNs Ml;rp nra;fpw cupikNahL ,yq;ifj; jkpou;fs; Rje;jpukhfTk; ghJfhg;ghfTk; tho eltbf;iffs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,e;j kz;zpy; typAWj;jNt ehk; te;Js;Nshk;.

 

1977 Mk; Mz;L Rje;jpuj; jkpoPoj;ij mikf;f jkpo; kf;fs; vq;fSf;F xg;Gjy; mspj;jdu;. me;j ,yl;rpaj;ij Nehf;fpNa jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; nraw;gl;L tUfpd;wdu;.

 

MfNt vkJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij ,e;jpa muRk; ,e;jpa kf;fSk; jkpof kf;fSk; jkpof muRk; mq;fPfupf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ehq;fs; Nfl;Lf;nfhs;tijj; jtpu vkf;F NtW topapy;iy.”

 

gpd;dH bnrk;gH 22 jpy;ypapy; gpujkH kd;Nkhfd; rpq; mtHfNshL jkpof Kjy;tH fUzhepjpapd; rpwg;Gg; gpujpepjp Rg. tPughz;bad; rfpjk; re;jpj;jdH. ,r; re;jpg;G njhlu;ghf nra;jpahsHfsplk; Ngrpa jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G FOtpdH

,e;jpa gpujku; kd;Nkhfd; rpq;fplk; <oj; jkpou;fspd; mtyq;fs; gw;wp tpupthf tpsf;fpajhff; $wpdH.

 

“ehq;fs; Kd;itj;j Ntz;LNfhs;fs; midj;Jk; epahakhditjhd; vd;W ,e;jpag; gpujku; vk;kplk; njuptpj;jhu;. NkYk; tlf;F - fpof;F gpupf;fg;glf;$lhJ vd;gjpy; ,e;jpah cWjpahf ,Uf;fpwJ” vd;Wk; kd;Nkhfd; rpq; njuptpj;jhu;.

 

jpy;ypapy; jNj$ FOtpdUk; re;jpj;Jg; Ngrpf; nfhz;bUe;j Neuj;jpy; =yq;fh tpkhdg;gil Ky;iyj;jPtpy; Fz;Lfis tPrpd!

 

mNj Neuj;jpy; ,e;jpa ntspAwT mikr;rH gpuzhg; KfH[p nrd;idapy; nra;jpahsHfs; kj;jpapy; NgRk; NghJ =yq;fhtpw;F ehf;G+H epWtdk; ntbkUe;J Vw;Wkjp nra;tjw;F ,e;jpa muR jil tpjpj;Jtpl;ljhfr; nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; =yq;fh gilapdUf;F ,e;jpah gapw;rp nfhLg;gJ mJ njhlUk; vd;W $wpdhH! mjw;F mikr;rH ,uz;L fhuzq;fisr; nrhd;dhH. xd;W mg;gbahd gapw;rpia ,e;jpa ,uhZtk; =yq;fhtpw;F kl;Lky;y Vida ehLfSf;Fk; toq;FfpwJ. ,uz;L ,e;jg; gapw;rpiaf; nfhLg;gjd; %yk; ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;jpd; nghUshjhuKk; Nkk;gLtjhfr; nrhd;dhH.

 

mjhtJ ,e;jpah =yq;fhtpw;F nfhiy MAjq;fis ,e;jpah tpw;fhJ Mdhy; me;jf; nfhiy MAjq;fis vg;gbf; ifahs;tJ mjidf; nfhz;L vg;gbf; nfhy;tJ gw;wp gapw;rp mspf;Fk;!

 

“tlf;F-fpof;F gpupf;fg;glf;$lhJ vd;gjpy; ,e;jpah cWjpahf ,Uf;fpwJ” vd;W ve;j K$Hj;jj;jpy; kd;Nkhfd; rpq; nrhd;dhNuh ,y;iyNah mijNa =yq;fh muR nra;J Kbj;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;l tlfpof;F khfhzj;ijg; gpupj;J fpof;F khfhzj;Jf;F ,g;NghJ xUq;fpize;j khfhz mitapd; MSeuhf ,Uf;Fk; Xa;Tngw;w ,uhZt jsgjp Nkhfd; tp[atpf;fpuk epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. mJkl;Lky;y jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lk; jdp myfhfg; gpupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

,e;j ,izg;G cr;r ePjpkd;wk; nfhLj;j jPHg;gpd; mbg;gilapy; nra;ag;gl;ljhf =yq;fh muR nrhy;fpwJ. Mdhy; murpay; ahg;igg; jpUj;jp tl-fpof;F khfhzq;fspd; ,izg;ig rl;lg;gb nry;Ygbahf;Ftjw;F ma;f;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp Kd;te;jJ. mjid Ml;rpj;jiytH ,uhrgf;r Vw;f kWj;Jtpl;lhH.

 

tlfpof;F gpupf;fg;gLtjw;F ,e;jpah kl;Lky;y ,izj; jiyik ehLfSk; vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;jpUe;jd.

 

Mdhy; Ml;rpj; jiytH ,uhrgr;Nr xl;lf; $j;jd; ghl;Lf;F ,ul;ilj; jho;g;ghs; vd;W nrhd;d ghz;b ehl;L murpahH Nghy ,e;jpah kw;Wk; ,izj; jiyik ehLfsJ Kfj;jpy; Xq;fp miwe;Js;shH! mjd; %yk; tl-fpof;F jkpoHfspd; jhafk; vd;w Nfhl;ghl;il mbNahL epuhfupj;Js;shH!

 

kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr ,j;NjhL epWj;jpf; nfhs;stpy;iy. mz;ikapy; ,uhZtg;gil vLg;gpd; %yk; ifg;gw;wpa rk;G+upy; xU mdy; kpd; epiyaj;ij epWt ,e;jpa muNrhL =yq;fh muR cld;gbf;if nra;aTs;sJ. ,e;j cld;gbf;if ehis  (nts;spf;fpoik) nfhOk;gpy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gLfpwJ!

 

jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;ij jdp myfhfg; gpupj;J> rk;G+upy; xU mdy; kpd; epiyaj;ij epWTtjd; %yk; jpUNfhzkiy Kw;W KOjhf rpq;fs kakhf;fg;glg; NghfpwJ. rpq;fs ,uhZtg; gilnaLg;gpdhYk; nry; kw;Wk; tpkhdj; jhf;Fjy;fspdhYk;  khtpyhW> rk;G+H Nghd;w CHfspy; tho;e;j 45>000 jkpoHfs; tl jpUNfhzkiyapy; ,Ue;J kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;lj;Jf;F mfjpfshf ,lk;ngaHe;Js;shHfs;. rk;G+iug; nghWj;jstpy; jkpoHfs; kPz;Lk; FbNawjthW me;jg; gpuNjrk; caHghJfhg;G tiyakhf mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

rk;G+upy; mdy;kpd; epiyak; mikg;gjd; %yk; ,e;jpah jkpoHfSf;F mg;gl;lkhd JNuhfk; ,ioj;Js;sJ. jkpoHfsJ eyq;fs; njhlHghf ,e;jpah ftiy nfhz;Ls;sJ fupridahf cs;sJ vd;w mwptpg;Gf;fs; thf;FWjpfs; nry;yhf;fhrhf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

,e;jpah njhlHe;J jkpoHfSf;F JNuhfk; ,iof;fpwJ vd;gJ nts;splkiy. ,e;jpa muR =yq;fhtpw;F vjpuhf toikahd ntw;W mwpf;iffs; tpLtjw;F Nkyhf ve;jg; ghuJhukhd eltbf;iffisAk; mJ vLf;fg;Nghtjpy;iy.

 

“,yq;ifr; rpf;fy; njhlu;ghf ,e;jpag; gpujku; kd;Nkhfd; rpq; jhk; nfhLj;j thf;FWjpfis epiwNtw;Wthu; vd;w ek;gpf;if vkf;F ,y;iy” vd;W ,e;jpahtpd; Kd;dhs; kj;jpa ghJfhg;G mikr;ru; N[hu;[; ngu;dhz;l]; njuptpj;Js;sJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

 

=yq;fh ,dthj muR jkpoH tpNuhj eltbf;iffis vLf;f jPHkhdpj;J mjd;gb njhlHr;rpahd eltbf;iffis Jupjfjppay; vLj;J tUfpwJ. ,e;jpahtpd; nfhs;iff;F vjpuhf jdJ eltbf;iffs; ,Ug;gJ gw;wp  kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;r  ftiyg;glg; Nghtjpy;iy. mtH rpq;fs-gTj;j kf;fsJ MjuT jdf;F ,Ue;jhy; NghJk; vd;W fUJfpwhH.

 

jkpofj;jpy; <oj;jkpoHfSf;F Mjuthf xU miy tPRfpwJ. mjid Kjy;tH fUzhepjp rkhspf;f cjTk; tifapNyNa ,e;jpa kj;jpa murpd; Ngr;Rf;fs; kw;Wk; mwpf;iffs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.  ,Jjhd; ,d;iwa ajhHj;jkhFk;. (cyfj;jkpoH - 29-12-2006)

 

 


 

jkpoPok; kyUk; cd; jhaff; fdT gypf;Fk;!

 

rhNt cdf;F rhT te;J Nruhjh?
Njrj;jpd; Fuiy Vd; fhT nfhz;lha;?
<oj;jpd; %j;j kfid vq;F nfhz;Lnrd;wha;?

fhl;bf; nfhLg;gtHfs; fy;Nghy; ,Uf;f
$bf; nfLg;gtHfs; kiyNghy; ,Uf;f

khdk; nfl;ltHfs; thy;gpbj;Jf; fplf;f

nfhs;ifia tpw;wtHfs; fhy;gpbj;Jf; fplf;f

vr;rpypiy ef;Fk; Njthq;Ffs; ,q;fpUf;f

vq;fs; %j;jkfd; capiu VndLj;jha;?

ahH nfhLj;jhH cdf;F me;jj;Jzpit?

vtupl;lhH cdf;F me;j Mizia?

 

 

Kg;gJ Mz;Lfs; XahnjhopahJ cioj;jha;

tof;fkhf fpof;fpy; ,Ue;J Nkw;Ff;F

jkpoHfs; Gyk; ngaHe;j fhyj;jpy;

Nkw;fpy; ,Ue;J fpof;Ff;Fg; Gyk; ngaHe;jha;

cdJ jw;nfhil nfhQ;r neQ;rkh?

,kaj;NjhL jhDk; xg;gpl KbAkh?

nrhj;J ,oe;jha; Rfk; ,oe;jha;

njhopy; Jwe;jha; nghUs; ,oe;jha;

fhL NkL flnyy;yhk;  miye;jha;

vjpupapd; nfhiyKaw;rp NjLjy; Rw;wptisg;G 

vjpYk; rpf;fhJ jg;gp tho;e;jha;!

NehAd;id fLikahf thl;ba NghJ

Neha;f;F eP Neha; nfhLj;jha;!

 

ghHj;jDf;F NjNuhl;b fz;zd; ez;gd;

ghHGfo; vq;fs; jiytDf;F eP ez;gd;

nja;t ts;StDf;F xU thRfp

Njrj;jpd; FuYf;F xU mNly;

NghuhspfSf;F murpay; ghlk; vLj;jha;

tuyhW jj;Jtk; rpj;jhe;jk; Ntjhe;jk;

xd;iwAk; tplhJ vy;yh tw;iwAk;

nrhy;ypf; nfhLj;jha; mwpT nfhSj;jpdha; ;

Njr tpLjiyf;F fdy; %l;bdha;

 

Gtpapy; gpwg;gtH Nfhb ,wg;gtH Nfhb

Nfhb Nfhbahf NjLNthH Nfhb

ePNah Kw;Wk; Jwe;j Kdptdha;

ghrNkh gw;Nwh MirNah mthNth

rw;Wk; ,y;yhJ tho;e;J fhl;bdha;

thOk; NghJk; GfNohL tho;e;jha;

NghFk; NghJk; GfNohL Nghdha;

kd;dtd; tpl;l fz;zPH!

ePahrpj;Jg; ngw;w ,wg;G

mJahUf;Fk; fpilf;fhj rpwg;G

 

kiwe;Jk; kwthj khdplNd

,we;Jk; ,wthj NghuhspNa

gpwe;j kz;iz kf;fis  

Njrj;jpd;  tpLjiyia Rje;jpuj;ij

%r;Rs;s tiu Nerpj;jtNd

cdf;F rhtpy;iy ,wg;gpy;iy

,e;jg; GtpAk; thdKk;

jpq;fSk; fhw;Wk; flYk;

QhapWk; tpz; kPd;fSk;

%tH jkpOk; cs;stiu

cd; Gfo;f; nfhb gwf;Fk;

cd;Fuy; Njrj;jpd; Fuyhf xypf;Fk;!

eP fz;l jhaff;fdT gypf;Fk;! 

jkpoPok; kyHe;J kzk; fkOk;!

 

 

 


 

Njrj;jpd; Fuy; ghyhtz;zhtpd; rhT ,ue;J ngwg;gl;l rhT!

 

Gue;jhHfz; ePHky;fr; rhfpw;gpd;> rhf;fhL

,ue;JNfhs; jf;fJ cilj;J.     (mj;jpahak; 78 gilr;nrUf;F – Fws; 780)

 

jkf;Fr; nra;j ed;wpfis epide;J murd;; fz;fs; ePHngUfg; Nghupy; capH ePq;fg; ngw;why;> me;jr; rhT ,ue;jhtJ ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; jFjpAilaJ.

 

NghHf;fsj;jpy; MAjk; Ve;jpf; fskhba tPuDf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gl;l ,e;jf; Fws; MAjk; Ve;jhj murpay; Nghuhspahf Kg;gjhz;L fhyk; fsj;jpy; epd;w 

Njrj;jpd; Fuy; ghyhtz;zhTf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. ghyhtz;zhtpd; rhT ,ue;J ngw;w rhT.

 

jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiytH gpughfuDf;Fk; ghyhtz;zhtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; neUf;fkhd cwT – mz;zd; jk;gp cwT - ,Ue;jJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupAk;.

 

Mdhy; jiytH gpughfud; ghyhtz;zhtpd; kiwT Nfl;L tpLj;j ,uq;fy; ciuf;Fg; gpd;dNu jiytUf;F mtH kPJ itj;jpUe;j msg;gupa md;G> Nerk;> thQ;ir> kjpg;G kiyNghy; njupfpwJ.

 

“vkJ Njrj;jpd; xsptpsf;F ,d;W mize;J tpl;lJ” 

           

            “,tuJ kiwT vdf;F khj;jpuky;y jkpoPo Njrj;jpw;Nf ,l;L             epug;g       KbahjJ” 

 

            “Jauj;jpd; Rik vd; Md;khit mOj;JfpwJ. vd; cs;sj;ij cilj;J> neQ;rj;ijg; gpsf;fpwJ.

 

    "fl;Lf;flq;fhjfhl;lhW Nghy rPwpg;ghAk; czu;r;rpg; ngUnts;sj;ij vd;dhy; thu;j;ijfshy; nfhl;lKbahJ. kdpj nkhopapy; ,jw;F ,lKkpy;iy” 

 

            “ghyhz;izia ehd; Mokhf Nerpj;Njd;. tpLjiy ,af;fk; vd;w khngUk; FLk;gj;jpy; xU %j;j jiykfdhf gpjhkfdhf %d;W jrhg;jq;fs; tho;e;jtu;” 

 

“mtu; xU rhjhuz kdpjg;gpwtp my;y”  

           

“mtupd; ,e;j ,yl;rpa cWjp vdJ neQ;rj;ijj; njhl;Lepd;wJ. mtu; Jd;gj;jhy; Jtz;lNghnjy;yhk; vdJ Md;khTk; fyq;fpaOjJ” 

 

            “vkJ ,af;fj;jpd; tsu;r;rpapYk; mjd; ,d;iwa tpupthf;fj;jpYk; ghyhz;izf;F xU epue;jukhd ,lk; ,Uf;fpwJ” 

 

           “vkJ tpLjiy ,af;fk; Njhw;wk;ngw;w Muk;gfhyk; Kjy; vd;NdhL ,Ue;J> vy;yhr; NrhjidfisAk; NtjidfisAk; rthy;fisAk; rq;flq;fisAk; jhq;fpf;nfhz;ltu;. vkJ murpay; ,uh[je;jpu Kd;ndLg;Gf;fSf;F %yhjhukhf>

Kd;dhy; epd;W nraw;gl;ltu;”

 

            “ghyhz;zh cz;ikapy; vk;iktpl;Lg; Nghftpy;iy. mtu; vkJ epidtiyfspy; vd;Wk; ePq;fhj epidTfshf epiyj;J epw;ghu;” 

 

jiytH gpughfudJ fz;fspy; ePH ngUf capH ePj;j jpU. ghyrpq;fk; nfhLj;J itj;jtH! mtuJ ,wg;G rhjhuz ,wg;gy;y. ,ue;J ngw;w ,wg;G!

 

jkpo; rKjhaj;jpy; nghJg; gzpf;F gjtp gl;lq;fis vjpHghuhJ jq;fis <if nra;NthH FiwT. ,dj;jpd; caHTf;F ehl;bd; caHTf;F jq;fis <if nra;NthH mij tplf; FiwT. ngUk;ghNyhH jhd; cz;L jdJ FLk;gk; cz;L> neUq;fpa cwT cz;L vd;W rpwpa tl;lj;jpNyNa tho;e;J kbfpwhHfs;.

 

ma;k;gJfspYk; mWgjpfspYk; ,yq;ifapd; mur Nritapy; caH gjtpfspy; gy jkpoHfs; ePf;fkw epiwe;J ,Ue;jhHfs;. ngUk;ghyhd mikr;Rf;fspd; epue;jur; nrayhsHfshf jkpoHfNs ,Ue;jhHfs;. jpizf;fsq;fspYk; jkpoHfNs ,Ue;jhHfs;.

 

fe;ijah itj;jpaehjd;> Nf. Mo;thg;gps;is>  khzpf;f ,ilf;fhlH> rp. ghyrpq;fk;> vk;. ,uhNre;jpuh> vk;. jpUr;nry;tk;> rpth gRgjp> =fhe;jh> MH. gh];fuypq;fk; MfpNahH mur ,ae;jpuj;jpd; %isahfr; nray;gl;lhHfs;. rpq;fs mikr;rHfs; vg;NghJk; jkpoHfis jq;fsJ epue;ju nrayHfshf itj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;. ,jw;F %d;W fhuzk; ,Ue;jd. xd;W mtHfsJ fLk; ciog;G. ,uz;L v[khd tpRthrk;. %d;W ,ufrpaq;fs; vjpupfSf;Ff; frpa tplkhl;lhHfs;. 

 

,e;j caHkl;l jkpoHfs; gzpapy; ,Ue;J ,isg;ghwpaJk; ehl;il tpl;L ntspNawpj; jq;fs; gps;isfs;> Ngug;gps;isfs; MfpaNuhL jq;fs; ,Wjpf; fhyj;ijf; fopf;fg; Ngha;tpLthHfs;. jkpo; kf;fisg; gw;wpNah jkpo; ,dj;ijg; gw;wpNah mtHfs; fpQ;rpj;Jk; ftiyg;gLtjpy;iy.

 

tpjp tpyf;fhff; fe;ijah itj;jpaehjd; jpUr;NfjP];tu Myaj;ij GJg;gpf;Fk; jpUg;gzpapy; jd;id <LgLj;jpf; nfhz;lhH. K. jpUr;nry;tk; nrhyprpl;lH n[duyhf ,Ue;J Xa;T ngw;wJk; NeNu jkpo; muRf;fl;rpapy; jd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. kw;wtHfs; ehl;il tpl;Lg; gwe;jdH.

 

jpU. ghyrpq;fk; vOgJfspy; gpupj;jhdpahTf;Fg; Gyk; ngaHe;jtH. mtH epidj;jpUe;jhy; jdJ gbg;igAk; gl;lj;ijAk; gad;gLj;jp ey;y njhopypy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L fhR gzk; NjbapUf;fyhk;. me;jg; gzj;jpy; xd;Wf;F ,uz;L tPLffis thq;fp ,Uf;fyhk;. RUf;fkhfr; nrhy;tjhapUe;jhy; nrhFrhf fhYf;F Nky; fhy; Nghl;Lf;nfhz;L jhd; cz;L jdJ FLk;gk; cz;L vd tho;e;jpUf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mtH mg;gb thotpy;iy.

 

vz;gJfspd; Kw;gFjpapy; ,Ue;J tp.Gypfs; ,af;fj;NjhL jd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhH. ,af;fk; nfhLj;j nrhw;g gzj;jpNyNa jdJ JiztpahUld; nrd;idapy; FLk;gk; elj;JfpwhH. fl;lk; fl;lkhfg; NghuhspfSf;F murpay; tFg;G vLf;fpwhH.

 

gpd;dH aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; ,e;jpa mikjpg; gilapd; Rw;W tisg;GfSf;Fs; mfg;glhky; CH Cuhff; fue;J tho;fpwhH. fl;lhe;jiuapy; gLj;Jwq;FfpwhH. Fwpj;j Neuj;jpy; rhg;gpl KbahJ. jdJ ePupopT Neha;f;F Vw;w kUe;J fpilahJ. czTk; fpilahJ.

 

,q;Nfjhd; mtH kw;wtHfsplk; ,Ue;J khWgl;l mrhjhuz kdpjdhfj; Njhw;wk; ngWfpwhH. kz;izAk; kf;fisAk; kdjhu Nerpf;fpwhH. jdJ eyj;ijtpl ,d eyk; ngupnjd;W epidf;fpwhH.

 

ehboe;j my;yy;gLk; jkpo;kf;fsJ ehl;il kPsg; ngWk; ngU Nts;tpapy; jd;id Kw;W KOjhf <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;fpwhH.

 

,e;j <ifjhd; mtUf;F ,d;W Njrj;jpd; Fuy; vd;w mjpTaH gl;lj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhLj;Js;sJ.

 

ghH GfOk; ghHj;jpgDf;F fz;zd; NjNuhl;bahf kl;Lky;y xU ez;gdhfTk; jj;JthrpupauhfTk; tpsq;fpdhd; vd ,jpfhrk; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

mNj Nghy; vk; fz;Kd;Nd jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiytUf;F jpU. ghyrpq;fk; xU %j;j murpay; Nghuhspahf> xU kjpAiuQuhf> xU jj;jthrpupauhf> vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf cw;w ez;gdhf tpsq;fpdhH.

 

ghyhtz;zh ,dkhdk; kl;Lky;y jd;khdKk; gilj;j jiytH.

 

1998 Mz;L Mf];l; 27 Mk; ehs; xU Nghuhspapd; jpUkzj;Jf;F Ntl;b fl;bf; nfhz;L ghyhtz;zh Gwg;gl;l NghJ mtH fz;fs; rpWj;jpUg;gijAk; Kfk; mijj;jpUg;gijAk; mNly; ftdpj;jhH. ,uz;L fpoikfshf mtuJ fz;fSk; Fjpf;fhYk; tPq;fp ,Ue;jd. mNly; me;j mwpFwpfs; rpWePuf tpahjpapd; Njhw;wg;ghlhf ,Uf;FNkh vd Ntbf;ifahf nrhd;d NghJ kUj;JtH #up tpag;gile;J fytuj;NjhL fhzg;gl;lhH. mLj;j ehs; ghyh rpWePH fopf;ftpy;iy vd;W mwpe;jJk; mtH fLk; cly;eyf; FiwTf;F Mshfp ,Uf;fpwhH vd;gJ njupe;jJ. “ghyh RfkPdkile;J rhtpd; tpspk;ig mile;jNghJ vkJ tho;f;if epr;rakw;wjhf khwpaJ” vd;fpwhH mNly; (Rje;jpu Ntl;if – gf;fk; 566)

 

ghyhtpd; cly;epiy kpf tpiuthf rPHFiye;jJ. td;dpapy; mtUf;Fj; jFe;j kUj;Jtk; nra;a trjpfs; NghjhJ vd kUj;JtHfs; njuptpj;jhHfs;. ghyh fLk; cly;eyk; ,oe;J tpl;lhH vd;w nra;jp td;dpapy; fhl;Lj; jP Nghy; gutpaJ. jshgjpfSf;F nra;jp njuptpf;fg;gl;lJ. jiytH gpughfud; jdJ JiztpahNuhL ghyhit te;J ghHj;jhH.

 

ePz;l fhy ePupopT Nehapdhy; ghyhtpd; ,lJ rpWePufk; Kw;whf Klf;fk; fz;bUe;jJ. gjpide;J Mz;L fhy nghUshjhu kUj;Jt jil fhuzkhf ghyhTf;F rupahd kUe;Jfs; fpilf;ftpy;iy. mtuJ rpW ePufk; Klq;fpg; Nghdjw;F ,Jjhd; Kf;fpa fhuzk;.

ghyhit td;dpapy; ,Ue;J itj;jpaj;jpw;fhf ntspehnlhd;Wf;F mDg;Gtij tpl NtW top ,y;iy vd;w epiyapy; jiytH gpughfud; NehHNt JhJtH kw;Wk; nrQ;rpYit rq;fj;NjhL njhlHG nfhz;lhH. nrQ;rpYit kUj;JtH FO td;dpf;Fr; nrd;W ghyhtpd; cly;epiyiag; gupNrhjid nra;jJ. mtHfspd; KbG “ghyh cldbahf ntspehnlhd;Wf;F vLj;Jr; nry;yg;gl Ntz;Lk;” vd;gjhFk;.

 

NehHNt muR kw;Wk; nrQ;rpYit rq;fk; ghyhit gj;jpukhf ntspehnlhd;Wf;Ff; nfhz;L Nghtjw;F Ml;rpj; jiytH re;jpupfhit mZfpdH. ghyh fLikahd rpWePuf Neha;f;F MshfpapUg;gJ re;jpupfhTf;F vLj;Jr; nrhy;yg;gl;L kdpjhgpdkhd mbg;gilapy; mtiuf; nfhOk;G Clhf ntspehL nfhz;L nry;yg;gLtjw;F cjtp Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. vjpHfhy mikjpg; Ngr;RthHj;ij xd;Wf;F ghyhtpd; capH fhg;ghw;wg;gLtjpd; mtrpak; gw;wpAk; mtUf;F tpsq;fg; gLj;jg;gl;lJ. =yq;fh muR me;j Ntz;LNfhisf; fupridNahL Muha;tjhf td;dpf;Fr; nra;jp te;jJ. jiytH gpughfud; ghyhtz;zhit mDg;gp itg;gjw;F Ntz;ba Maj;jq;fisr; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhH.

 

=yq;fh muRf;F xU ey;nyz;z rkpf;ifia tpLf;f epidj;j jiytH gpughfud; Gypfshy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;Lf; fhtypy; ,Ue;j 9 gilapdiu  tpLtpj;jhH. 

 

ehs;fs; efHe;J nfhz;bUe;jd. KOrhf 3 khjq;fs; gwe;Njhbtpl;lJ. nfhOk;gpy; ,Ue;J ey;y nra;jp tUnkd top Nky; tpop itj;Jf; fhj;jpUe;j Neuj;jpy; re;jpupfhTk; fjpHfhkUk; NrHe;J rpy Nfhupf;iffis my;yJ cj;jthjq;fis Kd; itj;jhHfs;. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; -

 

tl-fpof;F epUthfj;ij rPHFiyf;Fk; eltbf;iffspy; <Lglf; $lhJ.

 

mur nrhj;Jf;fis jhf;fp mopf;ff; $lhJ.

    

    tl-fpof;Ff;F thd; kw;Wk; fly; Clhf vLj;Jr; nry;Yk; toq;fy;fSf;f Fe;jfk;  ,iof;ff; $lhJ.

 

     jLj;J itj;jpUf;fg;gl;Ls;s midj;Jg; NghHf; ifjpfisAk; tpLtpf;f Ntz;Lk;. (,af;fk; 250 NghHf; ifjpfisr; rpiw itj;jpUf;fpwJ vd muR epidj;jJ)

 

    18 mfitf;Ff; Fiwe;jtHfis gilapy; ,Ue;J tpLtpj;Jg; ngw;whH cw;whuplk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

ghyhTk; mNlYk; re;jpupfh – fjpHfhkH tpLj;j Nfhupf;iffis Gwf;fzpj;jhHfs;. xU rhjhuz kdpjNea Ntz;LNfhis epuhfupj;j re;jpupfh jkpoHfsJ mbg;gil cupikfis toq;fp ,d NkhjYf;F vt;thW Kw;Wg; Gs;sp itf;fg;NghfpwhH vd;w Nfs;tp vOe;jJ.

 

jiytUk; mtuJ JizapahUk; ghyh tPl;Lf;Fr; nrd;W mtiug; ghHj;jdH. mNly; jdJ ftiiyiaj; jiytUf;F vLj;Jr; nrhd;dhH. ghyhit   ntspehnlhd;Wf;F vLj;Jr; nry;yhtpl;lhy; mtH ,wg;gJ jtpHf;f KbahjjhfptpLk; vd;W nrhd;dhH. mNliy Mw;Wg;gLj;jpa jiytH ghyhtz;zhit ntspapy; mDg;g jdJ rf;jpf;Fk; tsj;Jf;Fk;  cl;gl;l midj;Jr; nra;ag;gLk; vd;W cWjp nrhd;dhH.

 

rdtup 1999> 23 Mk; ehs tp.Gypfspd; flw;jskhd rhiyapy; ,Ue;J ghyh-mNly; ,UtiuAk; Vw;wpf; nfhz;L glFfs; midj;Jyf flw;gug;gpy; jupj;J epd;w fg;giy Nehf;fp tpiue;jd. ghyhTk; mNlYk; mjpy; Vw;wg;gl;lhHfs;. ,uz;L fpoik fLikahd fly; gazj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dH jha;yhe;J nrd;wile;jdH. mq;fpUe;J kPz;Lk; gazg;gl;L rpq;fg;G+H nrd;wile;jdH. mq;Fs;s ngupa kUj;Jtkid xd;wpy; mWit %yk; gOJgl;L ,aq;fhJ ,Ue;j ghyhtpd; ,lJ rpWePufk; mfw;wg;gl;lJ. gpd;dH cupa flitr; rPl;Lf;fs; ngwg; ngw;W ghyh – mNly; ,UtUk; ,yz;ld; Ngha;r; NrHe;jhHfs;.

 

,yz;ldpy; ele;j khtPuH tpohtpy; NgRk; NghJ ,e;j epfo;it epidT gLj;jpa ghyhtz;zh jdf;Nf cupj;jhd eifr;RitNahL  xU Nfs;tp Nfl;lhH “vdJ kidney f;Fk; re;jpupfh Nghl;l epge;jidfSf;Fk; vd;d rk;ge;jk;?”

 

cz;ikapy; ghyhtpd; tho;T td;dpapy; md;Nw Kbe;jpUf;fyhk;. jiytupd; Jzpr;ryhd Kaw;rpahy; md;W mtuJ capH fhg;ghw;wg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,d;W Gw;WNeha;f;F ,iuahfpa ghyhtz;zhit ahuhYk; fhg;ghw;w KbahJ Ngha;tpl;lJ. mg;NghJ td;dpapy; Gwq;fz;l $w;Wtd; ,g;NghJ ,yz;ldpy; ntd;W tpl;lhd;.  (22-12-2006)

 

 


 

,e;jpa kj;jpa murpd; ,ul;il Kfq;fisg; Nghl;Lilf;fpwhH flw;gilj; jsgjp

 

ef;fPud;

 

jpy;ypapy; vd;djhd; elf;fpwJ?

 

=yq;fhtpw;F MAj cjtp toq;ff; $lhJ vd jkpof Kjy;tH K.fUzhepjp  ,e;jpa kj;jpa muRf;F Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhH. jkpof rl;lrigapy; jPHkhdNk nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wpdhH.

 

kjpKf nghJr; nrayH itNfh> ghl;lhsp kf;fs; fl;rpj; jiytH kUj;JtH ,uhkjh]; MfpNahH NeupYk; mwpf;iffs; %ykhfTk; Nfl;lhHfs;. rpWj;ijfs; mikg;G nrayH njhy;. jpUkhstd;> NjKjpf nrayH tp[afhe;j;> jkpoH Njrpa ,af;fj; jiytH go. neLkhwd; MfpNahH mwpf;iffs; %ykhfTk; cz;zh Nehd;Gg; Nghuhl;lq;fs; %ykhfTk; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhHfs;.

 

fle;j Mf];l; khjk; kjpKf nghJr; nrayhsu; itNfh jpy;yp nrd;W  gpujkH kd;Nkhfd; rpq;ifr; re;jpj;J MAj cjtp vjidAk; ,yq;iff;F toq;ff; $lhJ vdj; jpUk;gj; jpUk;g typAWj;jpdhu;. mg;NghJ> mJNghd;w cjtp epr;rak; toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ vdg; gpujkH cWjp mspj;jhu;.

 

gpujkH kd;Nkhfd; rpq; itNfhtpw;F vOjpa gjpypy;  =yq;fhtpw;F xU NghJk; nfhiy MAjq;fis (lethal weapons) ,e;jpah toq;fhJ vd cWjp $wpdhH.

 

Mdhy; nrd;w fpoik nrd;idapy; ehf;G+upy; ,Ue;J ntb kUe;Jfs; Vw;wp te;j ghuTe;J xd;iw nrd;idf; fhty;JiwapdH ,il kwpj;Jr; Nrhjid nra;jdH. mg;gbr; Nrhjid nra;j NghJ mjpy; ntbnghUl;fs; ,Ue;jJ fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; Xl;LeH me;jg; nghUl;fSf;F =yq;fh flw;gilaplk; ,Ue;j fpilj;j fl;lisiaf; fhl;b ntbnghUl;fis Jhj;Jf;Fb JiwKfj;Jf;F vLj;Jr; nrd;wdH. mq;fpUe;J me;j ntbg;nghUl;fs; gj;jpukhf nfhOk;G Ngha; NrHe;jd.

 

elj;JeH nrd;id fhty;Jiwf;Ff; fhl;ba fl;lisapd; gb =yq;fh flw;gil ehd;F ,yf;fk; ngWkjpahd 40>000 ntbnghUl;fSf;F (detonators)  ehf;G+upy; cs;s xU tzpfUf;F nfhLj;Js;sJ. mjpy; xU gFjpNa ,g;NghJ nfhOk;Gf;Fr; nrd;W mile;Js;sJ. fl;lis mDg;gpdtH jdJ Kftupia Rakshama -Valsara Naval Base Explosives Godown in Colombo vdf; nfhLj;jpUe;jhH.

 

,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; ntbnghUl;fs; Vw;wpr; nrd;w ghuTe;J  nrd;idapy; gpbgl;lJk; tp.GypfSf;F mDg;gg;gl;l ntbg;nghUl;fisj;jhd; nrd;id fhty;Jiw nfl;bj;jdkhf klf;fp tpl;lJ vd =yq;fh rpq;fs – Mq;fpy VLfs; nra;jp ntspapl;ld.

 

,e;jg; gug;Giuapy; =yq;fh ghJfhg;G mikr;R gpd; epw;ftpy;iy. JUk;igNa Jhzhff; fhl;LgtHfs; ,e;jr; nra;jpia tpl;L tpLthHfsh? jq;fsJ ,iza jsj;jpy; me;jr; nra;jpf;F if fhy; %f;F itj;J ntspapl;lJ!

 

,J njhlHghf jpy;ypNahL njhlHG nfhz;L tprhupj;j jkpof Kjy;tUf;F ntbnghUs; mDg;gpd rq;fjp jq;fSf;Fj; njupahJ vdg; gpujkH> ghJfhg;G mikr;rH> ntspAwT mikr;rH MfpNahH iftpupj;J tpl;ldH.

 

,g;NghJ ,e;j ntbnghUl;fs; ahUf;F ahuhy; mDg;gg;gl;lijf; fz;L gpbf;FkhW jkpof Kjy;tH K. fUzhepjp jkpo;ehL fhtj;Jiwf;Ff; fl;lis ,l;Ls;shH.

 

Rk;kh nrhy;yf;$lhJ ,J Fjpiu njhOtj;jpy; ,Ue;j jg;gp Xbagpd; jho;g;ghs; Nghl;ltd; fijah ,Uf;fpwJ!

 

ntbnghUl;fs; gpbgl;lJ bnrk;gH ,uz;lhk; fpoik. Mdhy; fy;fj;jhtpy; ,Ue;J ntsptUk; The Telegraph vd;w VL xf;NjhgH 18 Mk; ehs; ,e;jpa flw;gil jiyikj; jsgjp mUz; gpufh\; mtHfisr; nrt;tp fz;L xU gugug;Gr; nra;jpia ntspapl;bUe;jJ. mjpy; =yqfhtpw;F gy;NtW tifahd ,uhZt jsghlq;fis mDg;g ,e;jpa muR mDkjp mspj;Js;sij flw;gil jiyikj; jsgjp mUz; gpufh\; Nghl;L cilj;Js;shu;. ,g;NghJ mtH nfhLj;j nrt;tpapd; jkpohf;fj;ijg; gbAq;fs;. Kf;fpak; fUjp KO nrt;tpiaAk; jUfpNwhk;.

 

,e;jpa flw;gilj; jsgjp mUz; gpufh\; The Telegraph Vl;Lf;F mspj;j nrt;tpapy; “=yq;fh ,uhZtj;jpw;F MAjq;fis Vw;Wkjp nra;a ,e;jpa muR “ghJfhg;G xg;Gjy;”  mspj;Js;sJ. ,Jnjhlu;ghf ,yq;if muR tpLj;j Nfhupf;iffis ,e;jpa muR Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

 

,e;j xg;Gjy; =yq;fh Nfl;l MAjq;fSf;Fj; jdpahf ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; mJ Nfl;l MAjq;fisAk; cs;slf;FfpwJ. 

 

,J fhytiu =yq;fhtpw;Fj; jhf;Fjy; MAjq;fis toq;ff; $lhJ vd;gJjhd; (,e;jpahtpd;) nfhs;ifahf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; vq;fSf;F ,g;NghJ .,e;jpa muR =yq;fhtpd; ,iwahz;ikiaAk; Gy xUikg;ghl;ilAk; ghJfhg;gjw;F vtw;iwr; nra;a Ntz;LNkh mtw;iw vy;yhk; nra;AkhW mwpTWj;jy;fs; je;Js;sJ.

 

,J njhlu;ghf kj;jpa ghJfhg;G Ma;T kw;Wk; tsu;r;rpf; fofj;Jld; ehq;fs; njhlu;e;J Ngrp tUfpNwhk;. jw;NghJ Nrhdhu;fs;> Nulhu;fs;> kpd;dZ Nghu;f; fUtpfs;> flw;gilf;Fj; Njitahd jhf;Fjy; Jg;ghf;fpfs; Nghd;wtw;iw ,yq;iff;F toq;fTs;Nshk;.

 

=yq;fhtpw;fhd rpy Vw;Wkjpfs; Vw;fdNt mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. =yq;fh jpy;ypaplk; “Vuhskhd nghUl;fis” Nfl;Ls;sJ.  =yq;fhtpw;F ,uhZt cjtp toq;FtJ vd;gJ rpf;fyhd; rq;fjp.

 

vq;fisg; nghWj;jstpy; mz;il ehLfshd =yq;fh> kpahd;ku;> tq;fNjrk;  Nghd;w ehLfSld; ,uhZtk; - ,uhZtk; ,ilapyhd cwT ey;y Kiwapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf vq;fsJ fg;gy;fs; eq;$uk; jupj;J epw;gjw;Fk; kw;Wk; nghUl;fis kPs;epug;Gtjw;Fk; Vw;w trjpfs; Njitg;gl;lhy; … rPnry;];> khiyjPT> nkhNwrpa];> =yq;fh …..mit jhuskhff; fpilf;fpd;wd. 

 

The chief of naval staff, Admiral Arun Prakash, told The Telegraph in an interview that “military items for export had been “cleared for security”.

 

The clearance is not specifically for items requested by Sri Lanka but also covers them.

 

“The policy so far has been not to give them (Sri Lanka) offensive weapons. But our instructions from the government are we must do everything to protect the sovereignty and integrity of Sri Lanka,” Prakash said.

 

“We have been in dialogue with DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation). We can now export some types of sonars, radars, electronic warfare suites and some makes of naval guns,” he said.

 

The navy chief limited himself to saying that some exports to Sri Lanka were cleared. He acknowledged that Colombo has requested Delhi for “a lot of things”. The politics of giving military aid to Sri Lanka is complex.

 

“As far as we are concerned, military-to-military relations with all our neighbouring countries are very good — Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh.... For instance, if our ships require berthing and replenishment facilities anywhere in the region — Seychelles, the Maldives, Mauritius, Sri Lanka — they are available,” he said.

 

vdNt flw;gilj; jsgjp mUz; gpufh\; The Telegraph nra;jp Vl;Lf;Ff; nfhLj;j nrt;tpf;Fk; kJiu mUNf gpbgl;l =yq;fh flw;gilf;fhd ntbnghUs; ghuTe;Jf;Fk; ,ilNa neUq;fpa njhlu;G ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

xU flw;gilj; jsgjp ,t;tsT ntspg;gilahfTk; tpgukhfTk; tpyhthupahfTk; =yq;fhtpw;F ,e;jpa muR MAjq;fis toq;FtJ gw;wp nra;jp Vl;Lf;Fr; nrt;tp nfhLf;Fk; NghJ gpujkH> ghJfhg;G mikr;rH> ntspAwT mikr;rH MfpNahH =yq;fhtpw;F MAj cjtp nra;a khl;Nlhk; ,J Kf;fhYk; rj;jpak; vd ve;j Kfj;ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L nrhy;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ Gupahj Gjpuhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

murpd; mwpTWj;jy; gbNa =yq;fhtpw;F MAj cjtp nra;fpNwhk; vd mbj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH flw;gilj; jsgjp.  ,y;iy vd;W mikr;rHfs; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. mg;gb vd;why; ahH ngha; nrhy;fpwhHfs;?

 

flw;gilj; jsgjpf;F ngha; nrhy;y Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy.  mikr;rHfSf;Fk; me;j mtrpak; ,y;iy. mg;gbnad;why; flw;gilj;jsgjpf;F mwpTWj;jy; toq;fpatH my;yJ toq;fpatHfs; ahH ahH?

 

kj;jpa ghJfhg;Gj; Jiw mikr;ru; me;Njhdp> ntspAwT mikr;ru; gpuzhg; Kfu;[p> Njrpa ghJfhg;G MNyhrfu; vk;.Nf.ehuhazd;> ntspAwTr; nrayhsu; rptrq;fH Nkdd; MfpNahUf;Fj; njupahky; ,e;j MAj toq;fy; mwpTWj;jy; ,lk;ngw topNah tha;g;Ngh ,y;iy.

 

ghuTe;jpy; ahuhy; ahUf;F ntbnghUl;fs; mDg;gg;gl;lJ vd;gij tprhupf;f cj;jutpl;l Kjyikr;rH fUzhepjp ,uz;L khjq;fSf;F Kd;dH ntspte;j flw;gilj; jsgjpapd; nrt;tpiag; gpujkUf;Fk; mikr;rHfSf;Fk; Rl;bf; fhl;b el;NghL tpsf;fk; Nfl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mij Vd; Kjyikr;rH nra;atpy;iy?

 

Vw;fdNt Nkdd; kw;Wk; ehuhazd; ,UtUk;  ,yq;if murpay; eltbf;iffspy; <LgLj;jg;gLtjw;F jkpofj;jpy; fLk; mjpUg;jp epytp tUfpwJ. fhuzk; ,UtUNk kiyahspfs;. ,UtUk; ,yq;if muRf;F rhjfkhTk; tp.GypfSf;F ghjfkhfTk; fUj;ijf; nfhz;ltu;fs;. ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;il vOj;J %yk; itNfh gpujkUf;Fk; Vida mikr;rHfSf;Fk; njuptpj;Js;shH.

 

ghJfhg;G MNyhrfuhf epakpf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;G tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Fwpj;J fhl;lkhf fl;Liufis ehuhazd; vOjp te;jtu;. mtu; jw;NghJ gpujkupd; ghJfhg;G MNyhrfuhf ,Ug;gjhy; mtuJ MNyhrid vg;gb ,Uf;Fk; vd;gij tpsf;fj; Njitapy;iy.

 

,Nj Nghy; mz;ikapy; nfhOk;Gf;Fr; nryT Nkw;nfhz;l ntspAwT mikr;rH rptrq;fH Nkdd; Ml;rpj;jiytH kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nriar; re;jpj;J ciuahLk; NghJ “vdJ gioa ez;gHfisr; re;jpf;fyhk; vd te;Njd; Mdhy; mtHfsJ ifk;ngz;fisNa re;jpf;f Kbe;jJ” vdf; $wpdhH. mjd; %yk; jdJ mg;gl;lkhd Gyp vjpHg;ig ntspf; fhl;bf; nfhz;lhH. rptrq;fH Nkdd; Kd;dH nfhOk;gpy; =yq;fhtpw;fhd ,e;jpaj; JhJtuhff; flikahw;wpatH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

 

,J ,t;thwpUf;f =yq;fh muR 2006 Mk; Mz;NlhL xg;gpLk; NghJ 2007 Mk; Mz;bw;fhd ghJfhg;Gr; nryit 28 tpOf;fhL mjpfupj;Js;sJ. mnkupf;f nlhyupy; ghjfhg;Gf;F 1.3 gpy;ypad; (130 Nfhb) nlhyHfis xJf;fpAs;sJ. cf;iudplkpUe;J 4 kpf; Nghu; tpkhdq;fs;> nrf;NfhtplkpUe;J 20 b 55 uf jhq;fpfs;> mnkupf;fhtplkpUe;J 5 rp130 uf tpkhdq;fs;> 10 gf;ju; \fhd; jhq;fp vjpu;g;G VTfizfs; vd MAjq;fis thq;fpf; Ftpf;f =yq;fh Jupj eltbf;if vLj;J tUfpwJ.

 

V 9> V 15 Mfpa rhiyfis ghJfhg;igf; fhuzk; fhl;b ,uhrgf;Nr muR Vw;fdNt %b tpl;lJ. jkpou;fs; kPjhd type;j jhf;Fjy;fs; cf;fpug; gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. tp.Gypfis thfiug; gFjpapy; ,Ue;J tpul;lg; Nghtjhf =yqq;fh ,uhZt jsgjp ruj; nghd;Nrfh #Siuj;Js;shH.

 

,e;jpahtplkpUe;Jk; gpw ehLfsplkpUe;Jk; MAjq;fis thq;fpf; Ftpg;gijg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ ,uhrgf;Nr muR jkpou;fs; kPjhd ,Wjpj; jhf;FjYf;Fj; jahuhfp tUtJ njupfpwJ.

 

NkYk; jkpou;fSf;F vjpuhfNt gad;gLj;jg;gl;L te;j gaq;futhj jilr; rl;lj;ij =yq;fh muR NghH cld;ghl;il kPwp eilKiwf;Ff; nfhz;L te;Js;sJ. mjidj; njhlHe;J jkpoHfs;>  jkpoHfs; vd;w xNu fhuzj;jhy; tif njhifapd;wpf; nfhOk;gpYk; aho;g;ghzj;jpYk; kiyafj;jpYk; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L rpiwf; nfhl;by;fspy; milf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;.

 

,e;j MAjf; nfhs;tdTfs; ifJfs; ,dr; rpf;fiy ,uhZt gyj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp jPHT fhz;gjw;Fg; gjpy; murpay; mbg;gilapy; ePjpahd epahkhd jPHT fhzNtz;Lk; vd ,e;jpah tpLf;Fk; mwpTWj;jiy =yq;fh muR nfhQ;rKk; rl;il nra;atpy;iy vd;gijj; Jyhk;gukhf vz;gpf;fpwJ!

 

nkhj;jj;jpy; mUz; gpufh\; nfhLj;j nrt;tpiag; ghu;f;Fk;NghJ ,e;jpag; gpujkH> ntspAwT mikr;rH> ghJfhg;G mikr;rH vy;NyhUk; jkpofj; jiytHfNshL xspr;R tpisahLfpwhHfs; vd;gJ njupfpwJ. jkpofj; jiytHfSf;F xU Kfj;ijAk; =yq;fhtpw;F ,d;ndhU Kfj;ijAk; vd ,e;jpa kj;jpa muR ,ul;il Kfq;fisf; fhl;LfpwJ.   

,e;jpa murpd; ,ul;il Kfq;fisg; Nghl;Lilf;Fk; flw;gilj; jsgjp mUz; gpufh\pd; nrt;tp jkpof murpay; tl;lhuj;jpy; vt;tpj vjpHT miyfisAk; Vw;gLj;jtpy;iy vd;gJ tpag;igj; jUfpwJ.  (cyfj;jkpoH )

 


 

jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfj;Jf;F ,yf;F itf;Fk; mnkupf;fh!

 

Nghd kr;rhd; jpUk;gp te;jhH G+kzj;NjhNll vd;W nrhy;thHfs;. ,e;jpahtpw;Fr; nryT Nkw;nfhz;l =yq;fh Ml;rpj;jiytH kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr ntWq;ifNahL ehL jpUk;gpAs;shH. ,J vjpHghHj;jJjhd;. Mdhy; ,e;jpahtpd; %f;fWg;G ,t;tsT njhiyT NghFk; vd;W ahUk; vjpHghHf;ftpy;iy.

 

Kjypy; ,uhrgf;Nrapd; nryT jdpg;gl;lJ vd;W nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. gpd;dH mJ murgzp epkpj;jk; Nkw;nfhz;l nryT vd khw;wg;gl;lJ.

,uhrgf;Nr ,e;jpa ntspAwT mikr;rH gpuzhg; KfH[p (Pranab Mukherjee ) gpujkH kd;Nkhfd; rpq; ,UtiuAk; KiwNa nehntk;gH 28> 29 ,y; re;jpj;Jg; NgrpdhH. gpujkNuhlhd re;jpg;Gf;Fg; gpd;dH tof;fkhf tpLf;fg;gLk; $l;lwpf;if ntspaplg;gltpy;iy. NkYk; gpujkNuhL epd;W Gifg;glk; vLf;Fk; tha;g;Gk; ,uhr gf;Nrf;F kWf;fg;gl;lJ. gpujkupd; cj;jutpd; Ngupy; glg;gpbg;ghsHfs; ahUk; mtuJ cj;jpNahfG+Ht mYtyfj;Jf;Fs; Eioa mDkjpf;fg;gltpy;iy.

 

NkYk; ,e;jpa - =yq;fh flw;gilfs; ,ize;J flw; fz;fhzpg;ig Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;w ,uhrgf;Nr tpLj;j Ntz;LNfhSk; ,e;jpa murhy; epuhfupf;fg; gl;lJ.

 

,e;j epfo;Tfs; fPNo fhZk; nra;jpfis ,uhrgf;Nrf;Fr; nrhy;ypajhf vLj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;.

 

(1) ,dr; rpf;fiyj; jPHf;f ,uhrgf;Nr ifahSk; topKiwfisapl;L ,e;jpah Vkhw;wk; mile;Js;sJ. 

(2) jkpo;ehL Kjy;tUk; Vida fl;rpj; jiytHfSk; <oj;jpy; jkpo;kf;fSf;F vjpuhf elhj;jg;gLk; nfhiyfs;>  fhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdkhd Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjy;fs;> nry; jhf;Fjy;fs;> nghUshjhuj; jilfs;> mg;gl;lkhd kdpjTupik kPwy;fs;> jkpo; mfjpfs; tUif Mfpatw;iwapl;L nra;j Kiwg;ghLfis ,e;jpa muR ghuJhukhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

(3) jkpo;NgRk; kf;fspd; mbg;gil mgpyhirfis epiwT nra;Ak; tifapy; =yq;fh muR xU jPHf;fkhd murpay; mjpfhug; gfpHjy; rkd;ghl;il tpiutpy; Kd;itf;f Ntz;Lk;. mj;NjhL =yq;fhtpy; eilngWk; kdpjTupik kPwy;fis kpf tpiuthf fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L tuNtz;Lk;.

 

Mdhy; ,e;jpahtpd; ftiyfs;> fupridfs;> kdj;jhq;fy;fs;> kdntWg;Gf;fs;> Ntz;LNfhs;fs; Ml;rpj;jiytH ,uhrgf;Nrapd; fhJfspy; tpOe;jjhfj; njupatpy;iy.

 

,uhrgf;Nr ehL jpUk;gpa md;Nw Ky;iyj;jPtpy; fpgPH tpkhdq;fs; 4 Fz;Lfis tPrpAs;sd. capHr;Nrjk; ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; kf;fsJ Fbkidfs; Nrjj;Jf;Fs;shfp ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

tof;fk; Nghy aho;g;ghzf; FlhehL> kl;lf;fsg;G> jpUNfhzkiy Nghd;w gFjpfspy; ,uhZt jhf;Fjy;fSf;F kf;fs; ehshe;jk; gypahFtJ njhlHfpwJ. mjpy; ve;jtpj khw;wKk; ,y;iy.

 

V-9 neLQ;rhiy fle;j Mf];l; khjk; 11 Mk; ehs; njhlq;fp  %lg;gl;lJ. mjidj; njhlHe;J mj;jpahtrpa czTg; nghUl;fSf;F Flhehl;by; ghupa jl;Lg;ghL epyTfpwJ. nghUl;fspd; tpiyfs; gj;J> ,UgJ klq;F VwpAs;sd.  jkpof Kjy;tH fUzhepjp ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s kf;fSf;F czT kw;Wk; kUe;Jfis ,e;jpa muR cldbahf mDg;gp itj;J cjt Ntz;Lk; vd;w Ntz;LNfhis tpLj;jhH. me;j cjtpia =yq;fh muRf;F Neubahf mDg;ghky; nrQ;rpYitr; rq;fk; %yk; ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fSf;F mDg;gp itf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. mjidj; njhlHe;J ,e;jpa muR 5>500 kPw;wpf; njhd; muprp cl;gl 7>000 kPw;wpf; njhd; czTg; nghUl;fis mDg;gp itf;f Kd;te;jJ.

 

fle;j khj ,Wjpapy; =yq;fhTf;Fr; nrd;w ntspAwT mikr;rpd; nrayH rpt rq;fH Nkdd; ,J njhlHghf ,uhrgf;NrAld; NgrpdhH. Mdhy; ,uhrgf;Nr xU Fz;ilj; Jhf;fpg; Nghl;lhH. vd;dtpjkhd cjtp vd;whYk; mJ Neubahf =yq;fh muRf;F mDg;gp itf;f Ntz;Lk;. =yq;fh muR mjid ahUf;F toq;Fk; vd;gij KbT nra;Ak;. ,uhrgf;Nrapd; ,e;j epiyg;ghl;lhy; ,e;jpah toq;f ,Ue;j kdpjhgpkhd cjtp epd;W Ngha;tpl;lJ.  

 

,e;jpa njhiyf;fhl;rp xd;Wf;F (MDTV) nrt;tp mspj;j Ml;rpj;jiytH ,uhrgf;Nr ,dr; rpf;fYf;fhd murpay; jPHT ,g;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s xw;iwahl;rpapd; fPo; mjpfhuq;fisg; gfpHtjd; %yk; jPHj;Jitf;fg;gLk; vd;W nrhd;dhH. mjhtJ xw;iwahl;rpf;Fs; caHe;jgl;r mjpfhug; gutyhf;fy;.

 

,jd; mbg;gilapy; ,uhrgf;Nr x];Nyh gpufldj;jpy; xj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gl;l ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; jPHit jpl;ltl;lkhf epuhfupj;Jtpl;lhH. ,J mtuJ kfpe;j rpe;jidapy; ve;j khw;wKk; ,y;iy vd;gijj; Jyhk;gukhff; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

,t;thW ,e;jpa murpd; kdpjhgpkhd cjtpia epuhfupj;jy;> ,e;jpa kz;zpy; epd;W nfhz;Nl ,dr;rpf;fYf;fhd murpay; jPHT xd;iwahl;rpapd; fPo; caHe;jgl;r mjpfhug; guthf;fy; vd ,uhrgf;Nr kkijNahL NgRtjw;Fk; ele;J nfhs;tjw;Fk; gpd;dhy; cs;s kHkk; vd;d? ,e;jpahitNa gifj;Jf; nfhs;SkhW  ,uhrgf;Nr Vd; ele;J nfhs;fpwhH? mjw;fhd ijupak; mtUf;F vg;gb>  ahuhy; te;jJ?

 

,jw;fhd tpil fle;j nehntk;ghH khjk; 21 Mk; ehs; - ,izj;jiyik ehLfspd; $l;lj;jpd; gpd;dH  -  murpay; tptfhuj;Jf;fhd cjtpr; nrayhsH epf;fy]; NgHd;]; mtHfs; nra;jpahsH khehl;by; Nfl;fg;gl;l Nfs;tpfSf;F mspj;j gjpy;fspy; Gije;J fplf;fpwJ. md;iwa nra;jpahsH khehl;by; NgHd;]; nra;jpahsHfs; Nfl;l Nfs;tpfSf;F mspj;j gjpy;fs; Gjpad kl;Lky;y mtw;wpd; njhdpAk; tpj;jpahrkhdJ.

 

We also believe that the Tamil Tigers, the LTTE is a terrorist group responsible for massive bloodshed in the country and we hold the Tamil Tigers responsible for much of what has gone wrong in the country. We are not neutral in this respect. I'm talking about the United States Government now.

 

Well, as I said before, the United States does have an assistance programme to Sri Lanka. It is an assistance programme first and foremost based on our hope for development of the country, for further trade, investment, for attention to some of the economic and health problems of the country. We are working with Sri Lanka as a partner in counter-terrorism as well as counter-proliferation. All that is happening. We also do have … we have engaged in military assistance to Sri Lanka.

=yq;fh muNrhL vkf;F ey;y cwT cs;sJ. =yq;fh muR jdJ Gy xUikg;ghl;ilAk; ,iwahz;ikiaAk; fhg;gjw;F cupikAilaJ vd ehk; ek;GfpNwhk;. =yq;fh muR jdJ ehl;bd; ghJfhg;igAk; cWjpg;ghl;ilAk; fhg;gjw;Fk; cupikAilaJ. 

ehq;fs; me;j ehl;by; (=yq;fh) mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; rpe;jg;gl;l ghupa FUjpf;F tpLjiyg; GypfNs nghWg;G vd ek;GfpNwhk;. me;j ehl;by; gpioj;Jg; Nghd gy nray;fSf;Fk; mtHfNs fhuzk; vd epidf;fpNwhk;. ,jpy; ehq;fs; eLepiyikahsHfs; my;y. ehd; mnkupf;fh rhHghfg; NgRfpNwd;.

ehd; Kd;dH Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy =yq;fhtpw;F epjptoq;Fk; jpl;lk; xd;W mnkupf;fhtplk; cz;L. ,e;jj; jpl;lk;  =yq;fhtpd; Nkk;ghL> tzpf tsHr;rp> KjyPL kw;Wk; nghUshjhuk;  ey;tho;T Nghd;w rpf;fy;fSf;F cjTtij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lJ.

 

ehq;fs; gaq;futhjj;jpw;F vjpuhd Nghupy; =yq;fhNthL ,ize;J gzpahw;WfpNwhk;. NkYk; =yq;fhtpw;F ,uhZt cjtp toq;FtjpYk; <Lgl;Ls;Nshk;.

 

,g;NghJ kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr ,e;jpahit kjpahJ ele;J nfhs;Sk; jpkpHg;  Nghf;Ff;F ve;j rf;jp  my;yJ ahH mbg;gil fhuzk; vd;gJ cq;fSf;F tpsq;fp ,Uf;Fk;.

 

mnkupf;fhNt jdJ tzpf> nghUshjhu> gaq;futhj vjpHg;G Nghd;w eyd;fSf;F Kd;Dupik nfhLj;J =yq;fh muRf;F fz;%bj;jdkhd Mjuitf; nfhLf;fpwJ. gjpYf;F =yq;fhtplk;  ,Ue;J Nfe;jpu Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfj;ij jdJ ,uhZt eyq;fSf;Fg; gad;gLj;j mnkupf;fh Kaw;rpf;fpwJ. ,e;j Kaw;rpf;F Gypfspd; MAjg; Nghuhl;lk; jilahf ,Ug;gjhf mnkupf;fh ek;GfpwJ.

 

1983 Mk; Mz;Lf;F Kd; mnkupf;f flw;gil jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfj;ijj; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;f tpUk;gpaJ. ,e;jpag; gpujkH ,e;jpuh fhe;jpapd; mnkupf;f vjpHg;G epiyg;ghl;lhy; me;j Mir epiwNtwtpy;iy. ,g;NghJ kWgbAk; jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfj;ij jq;fs; gpbf;Fs; nfhz;Ltu mnkupf;fhTk; Nel;Nlh gilfSk; tpUk;Gfpd;wd.

 

,g;NghJ mnkupf;f gilfSk; Nel;Nlh gilfSk; Mg;fdp];jhdpy; jypghd; jPtputhjpfSf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhbf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

 

ghfp];jhdpy; mnkupf;f rhHG Ml;rp ePbf;Fk; vd;gjw;F ve;j cj;juthjKk; ,y;iy. xU Rje;jpukhd NjHjy; mq;F ele;jhy; mnkupf;fhit vjpHf;Fk; ,];yhkpa jPtputhjf; fl;rpNah my;yJ fl;rpfNsh Ml;rpiag; gpbf;Fk; tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ. mg;NghJ fuhr;rp Nghd;w JiwKfj;Jf;F khw;whf mnkupf;f - Nel;Nlh gilfSf;F xU JiwKfk; Njitg;gLk;. jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfNk mjw;F Vw;wjhf ,Uf;Fk;. vdNt ,e;jg; gilfsJ ghHit =yq;fh gf;fk; jpUk;gpAs;sJ. =yq;fhtpw;F nryT Nkw;nfhs;Sk; flw;gilj; jsgjpfs; jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfj;ijj; jtwhJ  nrd;W ghHitapl;Lj; jpUk;GtJ ,d;W tof;fkhfp tpl;lJ.

 

vjpHfhyj;jpy; Mg;fdp];jhdpd; tsq;fis> Fwpgg;ghf ,aw;if tha;itj; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fTk; mnkupf;fhtpw;Fj; jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfk; Njitg;gLfpwJ.

 

jpUNfhzkiy ahH ifapy; ,Uf;fpwNjh mtHfs;jhd; njw;fhrpah kw;Wk; njd;fpof;fhrpahitj; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;f KbAk;. ,uhZt tl;lhuq;fspy; ,e;jr; #j;jpuk; ghy ghlk; MFk;.

 

jpUNfhizkiyj; JiwKfk; kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfSf;Fk; Jhufpof;F ehLfSf;Fk; eLtpy; ,Uf;fpwJ. kj;jpa fpof;fpy; cw;gj;jpahFk; vupnghUs; jha;yhe;J> ,e;Njhdprpah> gpypg;igd;];> ag;ghd;  Nghd;w ehLfSf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;tjw;Fupa flw;ghijia mnkupf;fh jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;f jpl;lkpl;L nray;gLfpwJ.

 

rupahf ,uz;L Mz;LfSf;F Kd; epa+ NaHrp khepyj;jpy;; ele;j xU fUj;juq;fpy; njw;F Mrpah - njd;fpof;F Mrpah fly;topfSk; mnkupf;fhtpd; nghUshjhu ,uhZt eyq;fSk; gw;wpg; Ngrpa kiwe;j ,uhZt Ma;thsH jHkuj;jpdk; rptuhk; Kd;itj;j fUj;Jf;fSk; ,JNtahFk;. 

 

Nrhopad; FLkp ( epf;fy]; NgHd;];) Rk;kh Mltpy;iy. fhupaj;NjhLjhd; MLfpwJ!  (gugug;G - bnrk;gH 05>2006)

 

 

 


 

Kd;dhs; gaq;futhjp Neg;ghsj;jpd; mLj;j gpujkH?

fk;A+dpr ehLfs; xd;wd; gpd; xd;whf Kjyhspj;Jt ehLfshf khwptpl;ld. vQ;rp ,Ug;git tl nfhupah> fpA+gh kw;Wk; rPdh Mfpa %d;W ehLfs;jhd;. rPdh $l ,d;W ngaustpy;jhd; fk;A+dpr ehL. eilKiwapy; - nghUshjhu jsj;jpy; - mJ mnkupf;fhit xj;j Kjyhspj;Jt ehL!

Mdhy; rPdhtpd; mz;il ehlhd Neg;ghsk; Kjyhspj;Jt ehlhf ,Ue;J fk;A+dpr ehlhf khwptpl;lJ! mJTk; rPd ehl;bd; nghJTlikf; fl;rpj; jiytuhf ,Ue;j khNthtpd; ngauhy;!

nrd;w nehntk;gH 21 Mk; ehs; Neg;ghs muRf;Fk; Neg;ghs fk;G+dp];l; fl;rp (khNth) ,ilapy; tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j xU “tpupthd Njrpa mikjp cld;ghL” ifr;rhj;jhfpAs;sJ. ,e;j cld;ghL ,g;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s NghHepWj;jj;ij epue;jukhf khw;wTk; 1996 ngg;utupapy; njhlq;fpa cs;ehl;Lg; Nghiu KbTf;F nfhz;L tuTk; topNfhypAs;sJ. cld;ghl;il vOJtjw;F ,Ujug;Gk; ehnshd;Wf;F 18 kzpj;jpahyk; cioj;jhHfshk;.

Mdhy; cld;ghl;bd; KO ntw;wp me;j cld;ghL fskl;lj;jpy; vt;thW eilKiwg;gLj;jg; NghfpwJ vd;gij nghWj;Js;sJ.  gj;jhz;L fhyg; Nghupy; 13>000 kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;.

NghH epWj;j cld;ghl;L tpjpfSf;F ,zq;f fk;A+dp];Lfs; jq;fs; MAjq;fis ma;f;fpa ehLfsplk; xg;gilf;fTk; NjHjYf;F Kd;djhf jkJ Kfhk;fSf;Fs; ,Uf;fTk; top nra;fpd;wJ. Nghuhspfspd; vz;zpf;if 35>000 MFk;.

kd;dH QhNde;jpuhtpd; vjpu;fhyk; Gjpa murpay; rl;lk; xd;W murpay; epHza mitapy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;L mjd; fPo; NjHjy; ele;J Gjpa ehlhSkd;wk; $Lk; NghJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gl ,Uf;fpwJ.

kd;dupd; mjpfhuq;fs; Vw;fdNt ehlhSkd;wj;jhy; gwpf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. mtuJ nrhj;Jf;fs; Njrpakakhf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld. Gjpa murpay; ahg;gpy;  gfl;Lf;fhf (ceremonial) kl;Lk; kd;diu itj;jpUg;ghHfsh my;yJ mJTk; ,y;iyah vd;gJ gpd;dHjhd; njupAk;.

vJ vg;gb ,Ug;gpDk; ,e;j cld;ghL Neg;ghsj;jpy; 238 Mz;L fhyk; ePbj;j  kd;dH Ml;rpia KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Lte;Js;sJ. Neg;ghsk; cyfpy; cs;s xNu ,e;J ehL. kd;dH tp\;Ztpd; kW mtjhukhf ,d;dhs; tiu kf;fshy; Nghw;wg;gl;L te;jpUf;fpwhH.

cld;ghL ifr;rhj;jpl;l gpd;dH nehntk;gH 22 nghJ tpLKiw ehshf mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ. kf;fs; NghH KbTf;F te;J kf;fshl;rp kyHe;jpUg;gijf; nfhz;lhb kfpo;e;jhHfs;. Neg;ghs nra;jpj; jhs;fs; cld;ghl;il tuNtw;Ws;sd. Kathmandu Post cld;ghL Gjpa rkhjhdk;> Kd;Ndw;wk; Nghd;wtw;wpd; fhypg;G vd tUzpj;Js;sJ.

fk;A+dpl; Nghuhspfs; rk;kl;b – mupths; nrq;nfhbfisf; ifapy; Ve;jpatz;zk; nfhz;lhl;lj;jpy; fy:e;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

,uhZtk; ma;ad;dhtpd; fq;fhzpg;gpy; 7 khtl;lq;fspy; cs;s ghriwfspy; milj;J itf;fg;gLthHfs;. ,uhZtk; jdJ giltPuHfspd; MAjq;fisf; fise;J ngl;bfspy; G+l;b itf;Fk;.  

cld;ghl;bd;gb Neg;ghs ,uhZtk; jdJ MAjq;fis khNth];LfSf;F vjpuhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl khl;lhJ.  mNj Neuk; khNth];Lfs; flj;jy;> fg;gk;> gaKWj;jy;> Ml;NrHg;G Nghd;wtw;wpy; <Lgl khl;lhHfs;. MAjq;fis ahUk; gad;gLj;jpdhy; my;yJ itj;jpUe;jhy; jw;NghJs;s rl;lj;jpd; fPo; mtHfs; jz;bf;fg;gLthHfs;. khNth];LfSf;Fj; Njitahd czT kw;Wk; nghUl;fis Neg;ghs muNr nfhLj;JjTk;. ,jw;fhd epjp ehlhSkd;wj;jhy; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

khNth rHthjpfhupahf Ml;rp nra;j rPdhtpy; ,d;W mtH ngupjhf kjpf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mtuJ nghUsjhu nfhs;iffis mtUf;Fg; gpd; Ml;rpf; fl;bypy; mkHe;j fl;rpj; NjhoHfs; %l;il fl;b guzpy; itj;Jtpl;lhHfs;. mtH gpwe;j ehs; $lf; nfhz;lhlg;gLtjpy;iy. mtuJ glq;fisg; nghJ ,lq;fspy; ghHf;f KbahJ. mtuJ xU ngupa cUtr; rpiyia kl;Lk; njdkd; rJf;fj;jpy; Rw;Wyhg; gazpfs; ghHg;gjw;F itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

,t;thW gpwe;j kz;zpy; khNth mtuJ fk;A+dpl; fl;rpf;fhuHfshy;  Xuq;   fl;lg;gl;bUf;Fk; NghJ mtH ngaupy; Neg;ghsj;jpy; ,aq;fpa xU fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp Ml;rpiag; gpbf;f ,Ug;gJjhd; tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ.  .

mLj;j Mz;L elf;f ,Uf;Fk; nghJj; NjHjypy; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp mNkhf ntw;wp ngw;W Ml;rp mikf;Fk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpwJ.

Neg;ghs muR - fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp ,Ujug;Gk; vOjpf; nfhz;l cld;ghl;il ,e;jpah> mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; ma;ad;dh nghJr; nrayH Nfhgp mdd; MfpNahH tuNtw;Ws;sdH.

,U jug;Gk; kdpj cupikfis filg;gpbg;gjw;F cWjp G+z;Ls;sJld; midj;Jyf kdpjhgpkhd rl;lq;fis kjpf;fTk; kpul;bg; gzk; gwpj;jy;> kpul;ly;> flj;jy; kw;Wk; fhzhky; Nghjy; Nghd;wtw;iw epWj;jTk; ,zq;fpAs;sd.

Neg;ghs kf;fSf;Fk; khw;wj;jpw;fhd mtu;fsJ mgpyhirfSf;Fk; fpilj;j ntw;wp ,Jntd njuptpj;Js;s fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpj; (khNth)  jiytu; gpure;jh kf;fis Vkhw;w  Kad;wtu;fSf;F Njhy;tp Vw;gl;Ls;sjhfTk; njuptpj;Js;shu;.

Neg;ghsk; rpwpa twpa ehlhf ,Ue;j NghjpYk; cs;ehl;Lg; Nghiug;  Ngr;Rthu;j;ijfs; %yk; jPu;f;fyhk; vd;gjid cyFf;F czu;j;jpAs;sjhfTk; mtu; njuptpj;Js;shu;.

ehq;fs; khw;wj;jpw;F jahupy;yhj fk;A+dp];l;Lfs; my;y>  vkJ fUj;Jfis khw;wTk; vkJ ek;gpf;iffis Fwpj;J tpthjpf;fTk; jahuhfTs;Nshk; vd mtu; njuptpj;Js;shu;.

td;Kiwiaf; iftpLkhW gpujku; fpup[h gpurhj; nfha;uhyh Neg;ghsj;jpd; murpay; fl;rpfisAk; NghuhspfisAk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhu;.

“,d;wpypUe;J murpay; gLnfhiyfSk;> td;KiwAk;> gaq;fuKk; KbTf;F te;Js;sd. ey;ypzf;f murpaiy ehk; Muk;gpj;Js;Nshk;” vd gpujku; njuptpj;Js;shu;.

 

 

 

Neg;ghsk; xNu ghHitapy;

kf;fs; njhif    -     26.3 kpy;ypad; (2.63 Nfhb)

jiyefuk;        -    fhj;kz;L

nkhop            -    Neg;ghsp

gug;gsT          -   147>181 r. fpkP (56>827 r. iky;)

mfitg; gyk;      -   Mz; 61 Mz;Lfs;
                     ngz; 62 Mz;Lfs;

rkak;            -   ,e;J 75 tpOf;fhL gTj;jk; 25 tpOf;fhL  

jdpkdpj tUkhdk;   -  250 m. nlhyH (cyf tq;fp)

Kf;fpa Vw;Wkjp      -  fk;gsk;> Njhy;nghUl;fs> rzy;> jhdpak;

gpujkH             -

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Neg;ghspy;jhd; ,kakiyAk; tPuj;Jf;Fg; ngaHNghd $Hf;fh ,dj;jtUk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Gj;jH gpwe;j ehLk; Neg;ghsNk.

1768 ,y; $u;f;fh ehl;L kd;dd; gpUj;tp ehuhaz; \h Neg;ghsj;jpd; Vida murg; gFjpfisg; Nghupy; ntd;W xd;Wgl;l Neg;ghsj;ij cUthf;fpdhd;. ,e;Jf;fspd; jha;ehL vd;Wk; ehd;F tUzq;fSk; 36 rhjpfSk; nfhz;l mofpa Njhl;lkhf Neg;ghsk; tpsq;Fk; vd;Wk; mwptpj;jhd;. 

1846 ,y;  uhzh tk;rj;jpd; [q;gfJ}u; uhzh vd;gtu; njhlq;fpitj;j Ml;rp mjpfhuk; me;j tk;r muru;fshy; 1951 tiu njhlu;e;jJ. Neg;ghsj;jpy; ,e;Jf;fspd; muR njhlu;e;jJ. fypAfj;jpy; Neg;ghsk; kl;LNk ,e;J MSk; muR vdr; nrhd;dhd; [q; gfJ}u; uhzh. 1854 ,y; rptpy; rl;lk; xd;wpidf; nfhz;L te;jhd;. Ntjfhyr; rKjhak; xd;iw cUthf;fg; gioa rhj;jpuq;fspy;  vOjg;gl;ltw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; ,r;rl;lk; vOjg;gl;lJ.

mtw;wpy; 118 rl;lq;fs; Neg;ghsj;jpy; ngz;Zf;F vjpuhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. Neg;ghsj;jpd; ngupa flTs; gRgjpehj;! MfNt fhis khl;il mbf;ff; $lhJ. fhis khl;il fl;b Vu; cof;$lhJ. kPWgtHfs; fLikahfj; jz;bf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ,e;jf; Nfhapypy; xU rpwg;G. gf;jHfs; nrUg;G mzpe;Jnfhz;L Nghfyhk;.  Fspupy; fhy;fs; tpiwj;Jg; NghFk; vd;gJjhd; fhuzk;.

a+d; 2001 ,y; ,sturH jpNge;jpuh Fbntwpapy; jdJ je;ij kd;dH gpNue;jpuh  gpH gpf;uk; \h Njt; (King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev) jhahH ma;];tHah> mur FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;j NkYk; vl;Lg; Ngiu nfhiy nra;Jtpl;Lj; jdJ capiuAk; kha;j;Jf; nfhz;lhH. mjidj; njhlHe;J mtuJ cld;gpwg;G QhNde;jpuh Ml;rpf;F te;jhH.

Ml;rpf;F te;j mtH ntWkNd ahg;Gf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;l xU kd;duhf ,Uf;f tpUk;gtpy;iy. ,uhZtk; kw;Wk; muR kPjhd jdJ gpbia ,Wf;fpdhH. 2003 Mk; Mz;L gpujkH NrH gfJhH Jghit gjtpapy; ,Ue;J mfw;wptpl;L xUtH gpd; xUtuhf %d;W Gjpa gpujkHfis  epakpj;jhH. ,uhZtj;Jf;F jq;F jilaw;w mjpfhuk; mtuhy; toq;fg;gl;lJ. ,jidr; rhl;lhf itj;J khNth];Lfs; jq;fs; vjpHj;jhf;Fjy;fisj;  jPtpug;gLj;jpdhHfs;.

tpkhd epiyak; rPy; itf;fg;gl;lJ. njhiyNgrpj; njhlHGfs; Jz;bf;fg;gl;ld. kd;dH mtrufhy epiyiag; gpufldg;gLj;jp rptpy; cupikfis Klf;fpdhH. Clfq;fSf;F tha;g;G+l;Lg; Nghlg;gl;lJ.

,J cs;whl;bYk; ntspehl;bYk; kd;dUf;F vjpuhd gyj;j vjpHtiyfis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. mnkupf;fh> ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Neg;ghsj;Jf;fhd  epjp MAj cjtpfis xj;jpg;Nghl;ld.

kf;fsJ Nfhgk; kd;dUf;F vjpuhfj; jpUk;gpaJ. gjpide;J khj fhy mkspJkspf;Fg; gpd;dH kd;dH fiyf;fg;gl;l ehlhSkd;wj;ijAk; mikr;ruitiaAk; kPsf; $l;bdhH.

fle;j Vg;upy; khjj;jpy; VO vjpHf;fl;rpfSf;Fk; khNth];LfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; Ngr;RthHj;ij njhlq;fpd. NghH epWj;jk; mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ. khNth];Lfs; kPJ Fj;jg;gl;l gaq;futhjpfs; vd;w Kj;jpiu ePf;fg;gl;lJ. rpiwapy; ,Ue;j Nghuhspfs; tpLtpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ,e;j cld;gbf;if khNth Nghuhspfs; ,ilf;fhy murhq;fj;jpy; ,izaTk; ,ilf;fhy murhq;fj;jpy; njupT nra;ag;gl;l murpay;thjpfSld; mkuTk; toptif nra;jJ.

khNth];l;Lfs; jq;fs; gq;Ff;F nfupy;yh Nghuhl;lj;ijf; iftpl;L MAjq;fisf; fPNo itg;gjhfj; njuptpj;jhHfs;.

vjpHfl;rpfSk; khNth];LfSk; $l;lhfr; NrHe;J kd;dUf;F vjpuhd Nghuhl;lj;ijj; jPtpug;gLj;jpdhHfs;. 19 ehl;fs; ,iltplhJ njhlHe;j Nghuhl;lk; kf;fis kd;dUf;F vjpuhfj; jpUg;gptpl;lJ. vy;yh topfspYk; klf;fg;gl;l  kd;dH gjtp tpyfpj; jdJ mjpfhuj;ij 7 fl;rp $l;lzpaplk; ifaspj;jhH.

murpay; epHza mitf;F A+d; 2007 ,y; NjHjy; eilngw ,Uf;fpwJ. ,ilf;fhy murpy; khNth];LfSf;F 73 ,Uf;iffSk; Neg;ghsp fhq;fpuRf;F 75 ,Uf;iffSk; A+vk;vy; fl;rpf;F 73 ,Uf;iffSk;> Neg;ghsp fhq;fpu]; (kf;fshl;rp) 42 ,Uf;iffSk; Vida fl;rpfSf;F 19 ,Uf;iffSk; Mf nkhj;jk; 282 ,Uf;iffs; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. vQ;rpa 48 ,Uf;iffs; khNth];Lfs; cl;gl vl;Lf;fl;rpfSf;Fg; gfpHe;J mspf;fg;gLk;

Neg;ghspy; ele;j murpay; khw;wj;Jf;F ,e;jpahtpd; MjuT ,Ue;J te;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.  

Neg;ghspy; ele;j rptg;Gg; Gul;rpapd; #j;jpujhup ahH? NtW ahUky;y - mtH xU cghj;jpahaH. ,aw; ngaH G\;g fky; jfha;. ,af;fg; ngaH gpure;jh. mjd; nghUs; kjpg;gr;rk; (awesome) vd;gjhFk;. gj;J Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH jiykiw tho;f;ifia Nkw;nfhz;lhH. Neg;ghs muR gpure;jhitg; gaq;futhjp vdg; gpufldg;gLj;jptpl;L mtuJ jiyf;F xU Nfhb &gha; tpiy NgrpaJ.  

Neg;ghs fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk; (khNth) jil nra;ag;gl;L gaq;futhj mikg;ghfg; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

,d;W me;j Kd;dhs; cghj;jpahaH Neg;ghspd; ehisa gpujkuhf njupT nra;ag;glyhk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpwJ! mg;gbj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhy; gpure;jhTk; Kd;dhs; gaq;futhjpfs; gpd;dhspy; muRj; jiytHfshf khwpa gl;baypy;  ,lk; gpbj;J tpLthH!

gpure;jh gpujkuhf tUk; gl;rj;jpy; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp xd;W Kjd; Kjyhf NjHjypy; epd;W kf;fsJ thf;Ffisg; ngw;W xU ehl;bd; Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jJ  vd;w tuyhw;iwAk; gilj;J tpLk;.  (cyfj;jkpoH - nehntk;gH 24> 2006) 


 

 

NghUf;Fj; jahuhFk; kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr

 

kuj;jhNy tpOe;jtid khNlwp kpjpj;jJ Nghy jkpoPo kf;fs; ,aw;if mdHj;jq;fshy; gl;l Jd;gq;fs; Nghjhnjd;W xU nfhLq;Nfhy; murpd; ,uhZt - - nghUshjhu jhf;Fjy;fshy; xU tha; Nrhw;Wf;Fk; topapd;wpg; gl;bdpahy; gupjtpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

rpq;fsg; gil khtpyhW> rk;G+H> fl;ilgwpr;rhd; CHfis Mf;fpukpj;j NghJ mq;fpUe;J mfjpfshf thfiuf;F ,lk;ngaHe;jtHfspy;  36>000 f;Fk; mjpfkhd jkpo; kf;fs; gl;bdpr; rhit vjpHNehf;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

rpq;fsg; gilapd; Xahj Fz;L tPr;rhy; ,lk; tpl;L ,lk; khwp ehNlhbfsha; fhy; fLf;f miye;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

nehntk;gH khjk; 07 Mk; ehs; fjpuntspg; ghlrhiy xd;wpy; jQ;rk; mile;jpUe;j mg;ghtp kf;fs; kPJ rpq;fsg;gil nry;j; jhf;Fjy; elj;jpa NghJ 45 nghJ kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. Ehw;Wf;Fk; mjpfkhNdhH fhag;gl;lhHfs;.

 

fle;j ,uz;L khjq;fshf tp.Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s thfiug; gFjpapy; nfhl;by;fspYk; FbirfspYk; kuq;fspd; fPOk; thOk; kf;fSf;F epthuzg; nghUs;fs; vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;F rpq;fs ,uhZtk; jil tpjpj;Js;sJ. ,uz;L ehs;fSf;F Kd;dH czT vLj;Jr; nrd;w gj;J nyhwpfs; khq;Nfzpapy; itj;J ghJfhg;igf; fhuzk; fhl;b ,uhZtj;jhy; jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

czTg; nghUs;fs; cldbahf mDg;gg;gLnkd ,uhrgf;Nria fle;j ,U ehs;fSf;F Kd;du; re;jpj;j jkpo;j; Njrpa $l;likG ehlhSkd;w cwg;gpdHfsplk; cWjp toq;fp ,Ue;Jk; gpupNfbau; ,ul;zhaf;fh czT nyhwpfs; nry;tjw;F mDkjp toq;f kWj;Jtpl;lhH. ,J jiyapUf;f thy; MLtijf; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

cs;SH njhz;L epWtdq;fs; kl;Lky;y A+dpnrt;> nrQ;rpYit Nghd;w midj;Jyf njhz;L epWtdq;fSf;Fk; ,uhZtk; mDkjp kWj;Js;sJ.

 

,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ jkpoH Njrpa $l;likg;G ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; elj;jpa jPtpu Klf;Fg; Nghuhl;lk; fhuzkhf 10 nyhwpfs; nry;tjw;F mDkjp toq;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. “thfiug; gFjpf;F czT nyhwpfis mDg;g mDkjp ngw;Wj; jUkhW jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpdu; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jdu;. ,ijaLj;J ehd; ghJfhg;G mikr;rpd; nrayUld; Ngrp 3 nyhwpfs; nry;tjw;F mDkjp ngw;Wj; nfhLj;Js;Nsd;. ,jid rk;ge;jd; vjpu;j;J 10 nyhwpfSf;F mDkjp Ntz;Lnkd;whu;. jw;NghJ ,JTk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ” vd mikr;rH n[auh[;Gs;Ns ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; njuptpj;jhH.

 

mJ cz;ikah ngha;ah elf;Fkh elf;fhjh vd;gijg; nghWj;jpUe;Jjhd; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

,Nj Neuk; aho;.Flhehl;Lf;fhd V-9 neLQ;rhiy fle;j Mf];l; 11 Mk; ehs; njhlq;fp %lg;gl;ljd; tpisthf FlhehL ,d;W jpwe;jntspr; rpiwr;rhiyahfptpl;lJ. ehSk; Fiwe;jJ ma;e;J nfhiyfs; epiwNtw;wg;gLk;  nfhiyf; fskhfTk; mJ khwptpl;lJ. ,uT Neu Culq;F cj;juT eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk; NghJjhd; ,e;jg; gLnfhiyfSk; nfhs;isfSk; Ms;flj;jy;fSk; muq;Nfwpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

 

aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;L kf;fs; mj;jpahtrpag; nghUs;fspd; jl;Lg;ghL fhuzkhf miug;gl;bdp fplf;fpwhHfs;. czTg; nghUs;fisj; Njb kf;fs; ehSk;  miye;J jpupfpwhHfs;. nghUs;fspd; tpiyfs; ehSf;F ehs;  vf;fr;rf;fkhf Vwpf;nfhz;L NghfpwJ. ,jaNk ,y;yhj jkpo; tzpfHfs; tha;g;igg; gad;gLj;jp nfhs;is ,yhgk;  mbf;fpwhHfs;.

 

Kl;il xd;W ma;k;gJ &ghahfTk;> xU fpNyh kPd; Mapuk; &ghTf;F mjpfkhfTk; tpw;gid nra;ag;gLfpwJ.

 

kz;nzz;nza; (yPw;wu;) 200 &gh> ngw;Nwhy; - 500 &gh> Njq;fha; vz;nza; - 480 &gh> gr;ir muprp (fpNyh) 140 &gh> cg;G 45 &gh> Njapiy - 550 &gh> etjhdpak; - 280 &gh> rPdp - 250 &gh> nrj;jy; kpsfha; - 480 &gh> fUthL - 650 &gh.

 

kWGwk; kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nrapd; muR jkpoHfisf; nfhy;tjpy; gL fr;rpjkhf <Lgl;;Ls;sJ.

 

bnrk;gH 25> 2005     - khkdpjH NahNrg; guuhrrpq;fj;jpd; gLnfhiy

 

rdtup 02> 2006      - jpUkiyapy; 5 khztHfs; Rl;Lf;nfhiy

 

rdtup 29 -30> 2006 – 7 jkpoH GdHtho;Tf; fof CopaHfs; ntypfe;ijapy; itj;Jf; flj;jy;. ,Jtiu ,tHfs; vd;dthdhHfs; vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

 

Vg;upy; 29> 2006       - mtprhtisapy; jiyapy;yh 5 Kz;lq;fs; fz;nlLg;G. ,tHfs; jkpo; ,isQHfs; vd milahsk; fhzg;gl;ldH.

 

Nk 13> 2006          - Cwhj;Jiw fhty;Jiw gFjpiar; NrHe;j 13 jkpoH Rl;Lf; nfhiy.

 

A+d; 17> 2006          - Ngrhiyiar; NrHe;j 5 kPdtHfs; flw;gilapduhy; Ngrhiyf; flw;fiuapy; itj;Jr; Rl;Lf;nfhiy.

 

Mf];l; 4> 2006    - %Jhupy; tWikf;F vjpuhd mikg;igr; NrHe;j 16 jkpoHfSk; xU K];ypKk; ,uhZtj;jhy; Rl;Lf;nfhiy.

 

Mf];l; 14> 2006       - Ky;iyj;jPT ; nrQ;Nrhiy tshfj;jpy; 55 khztHfs; kw;Wk; 4 CopaHfs; kPJ Fz;L tPrpf; nfhiy.

 

Mf];l; 28> 2006       - gup. gpypg; newp Njthya mbfshH epfhy; [pk; gpwTz; fhzhky; NghdhH.  

 

nrg;njk;gH 17> 2006     – nghj;Jtpypy; 10 K];ypk;fs; Rl;Lf; nfhiy

 

nehntk;gH 10> 2006     – nfhOk;gpy; jkpo;j; Njrpa $l;likg;G ehlhSkd;w

cWg;gpdH eluhrh utpuh[; Rl;Lf;nfhiy.

 

nehntk;gH 18> 2006     - tTdpahtpy; 4 fkj;njhopy; ghlrhiy khztHfs; jhz;bf;Fsk; ,uhZt Kfhikr; NrHe;j gilapduhy; Rl;Lf; nfhiy. 8 NgH fhak;.

 

,e;jg; gl;bay; epiwthdjy;y.

 

khkdpjH utpuh[; mtHfsJ nfhiyf;Fk; mikr;rH Njtde;jhtpd; ,gpbgp fl;rpf;Fk; njhlHG ,Ug;gjhf fhty;Jiw Nkw;nfhz;l njhlf;f tprhuizapy; njupate;Js;sJ. nfhiyahspfs; gad;gLj;jpa Nkhl;lhH rapf;fps; ,gpbgp fl;rpapd; mk;ghiu khtl;l gpuKfUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhdJ vd tprhuizapy;  njupate;Js;sJ.  

 

rdtup 01 – nrg;njk;gH 30 tiu nfhy;yg;gl;l nghJkf;fspd; vz;zpf;if 1341 MFk;.

 

aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;ilr; NrHe;j 15>000 kPdtHfs; flypy; kPd;gpbf;f ,uhZtk; ghJfhg;igf; fhuzk; fhl;bj; jil tpjpj;Js;sJ.

 

nfhOk;gpy; kl;Lk; 43 jkpo; tzpfHfs; ,uhZt Gydha;Tf; FOthYk; fUzh FOthYk; gzj;Jf;fhff;  flj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. ,tHfspy; 6 NgH nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. 8 NgH fg;gk; nfhLj;j gpd;dH tpLtpf;fg; gl;lhHfs;. vQ;rpatHfs; (29) gw;wp ve;jj; jftYk; ,y;iy. aho;g;ghzj;jpy; flj;jy;fs; mjpfupj;Js;sd.

 

kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr ,k;Kiw rkHg;gpj;j tuT-nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; tlf;Ff;Fj; jdpahfTk; fpof;Ff;F jdpahfTk; epjp xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.  

 

,J tl-fpof;ifg; gpupj;J jkpo;kf;fsJ jhaff; Nfhl;ghl;il jfHg;gjpy;  ,uhrgf;Nr Kidg;ghf ,Uf;fpwhH vd;gijj; njspthff; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

,J njhlHghf ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; Ngrpa gpujkH ul;zrpwp tpf;fpukehaf;fh jdJ muR tl-fpof;F ,izg;G rl;l KuzhdJ vd cr;r ePjpkd;wk; mspj;j jPHg;ig Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sjhfTk; jPHg;Gf;F vjpuhf muR vjidAk; nra;ahJ vd;Wk; mg;gbr; nra;a muRf;F mjpfhuk; ,y;iy vd;Wk; njuptpj;jhH.

 

kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr mikjp gw;wpg; Ngrpf; nfhz;L NghUf;F jahuhfpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH. mtuJ rpe;jidapd; gb jkpoH jhafk; vd;gjhf xd;W ,y;iy> ,dr; rpf;fYf;F xw;iwahl;rpapd; fPo;j;jhd; jPHT> NehHNt mDruizahsHfs; ehl;il tpl;L tpul;lg;gl Ntz;Lk; tp.Gypfspd; gaq;futhjj;ij  ,uhZt gyj;jhy;  mopf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

gaq;futhjj;ij xopj;Jf; fl;b ehl;ilg; ghJfhf;f tuT - nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; ghJfhg;Gr; nrytpdk; ,ul;bf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. ,J gaq;futhj xopg;G vd;w NghH;itapy; ghupa NghH xd;Wf;F muR ngUk; Vw;ghLfisr; nra;JtUfpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;il vz;gpf;fpwJ.

 

ghJfhg;Gf;fhd nryT 45 tpOf;fhl;lhy; 1.29 gpy;ypad; nlhyUf;F  (&gh 139.56 Nfhb) mjpfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 2006 ,y; ghJfhg;G nrytpdk; 108.67 gpy;ypad; &ghahf ,Ue;jJ.

 

,Ugj;J %d;W ehLfisr; NrHe;j ghJfhg;G mjpfhupfs; kj;jpapy; Ngrpa ,uhZtj;Jf;fhd Ngr;rhsH mikr;rH Nffypa ,uk;Gf;nty ,e;jj; jftiy ntspapl;lNjhL gaq;futhj xopg;Gg; NghUf;F me;j ehLfspd; cjtpiaAk; Nfl;bUf;fpwhH.

 

tpkhdg; giliag; gyg;gLj;j mtru mtukhf cf;Nud; ehl;bypUe;J 4 kpf; 27 rz;il tpkhdq;fis nfhs;tdT nra;a eltbf;if vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,];Nuyplk; ,Ue;J Nlhuh glFfs; thq;fTk; eltbf;if vLf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

 

Kd;dhs; fdba mikr;rUk; ma;ad;dhtpd; rpwg;Gj; JhJtUkhd myd; nwhf; jdJ 10 ehs; gazj;ij Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L nfhOk;gpy; tpLj;j mwpf;ifapy; fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; fUzh FO rpwhHfis tYf;fl;lhakhfg; gpbj;J jkJ gilapy; NrHg;gjhfTk; mjpy; =yq;fh ,uhZtj;Jf;Fk; gq;Fz;L vdf; Fw;wk;rhl;bAs;shH. myd; nwhf;fpd; mwpf;if rupjhd; mjw;fhd rhd;Wfs; jk;kplk; ,Ug;gjhf z;fhzpg;Gf; FO mwptpj;Js;sJ. myd; nwhf;fpd; mwpf;if kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nrapd; gfy; Ntlj;ijf; fiyj;J mtiu xU ,f;fl;lhd epiyf;Fj; js;spAs;sJ. 

 

ehis (jpq;fl;fpoik) ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; Nth\pq;ldpy; $l ,Uf;fpwJ. ,Jtiu fhyKk; ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; $LtJk; gpd;dH xU cg;Gr;rg;gpy;yhj mwpf;ifia tpl;L tpl;L epj;jpiuf;Fg; Ngha;tpLtJk; tof;fkhfp tpl;lJ. ,k;Kiw mg;gb ,y;yhky; =yq;fh murpd; kdpjTupik kPwy;fisAk; kdpjhgpkhd kPwy;fisAk; fz;bf;Fkh vd;gJ njupatpy;iy. G+idf;F tpisahl;L Rz;nlypf;Fr; rPtd; NghFJ vd;w khjpupNa ,e;j ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; ele;J nfhs;fpd;wd.

 

EhW ehs;fshf %lg;gl;Lf; fplf;Fk; V-9 ghij jpwf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; thfiuapy; ,lk;ngaHe;Js;s kf;fSf;F epthuzk; toq;f murrhHgw;w njhz;lH epWtdq;fSf;F mDkjp toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tp. GypfSk; jkpo;j; Njrpa $l;likg;Gk; aho;g;ghz MaH njhkh]; rTe;juehafk; mbfSk; tpLj;j Ntz;LNfhs; mtHfs; fhjpy; ,k;Kiw tpOkh? my;yJ nrtpld; fhjpy; Cjpa rq;F MFkh? vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

 

,izj; jiyik ehLfspd; $l;l Kbtpy; “,dr; rpf;fYf;F ,uhZtj; jPHT ,y;iy. ,U rhuhUk; Ngr;R thHj;ij %yk; rpf;fYf;F jPHT fhz Ntz;Lk;” vdg; gioa gy;ytpiag; ghbdhy; mjpy; tpag;giltjw;F ,y;iy!  

 

Fwpg;ghf mnkupf;fh KaNyhL Xbf;nfhz;L ehNahLk; Ntl;il MLfpwJ. mjhtJ jkpo;kf;fSf;F “kdj;jhq;fy;fs;” (grievances) ,Uf;fpwJ mJ jPHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L mNj rkak; =yq;fh muRf;F ,uhZt MAj jsghl cjtpfisAk; Neubahd epjpAjtpfisAk; ,uhZtg; gapw;rpiaAk; mspj;J tUfpwJ.  

 

gaq;futhj xopg;G vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L mnkupf;fh ,dntwpgpbj;j ghrpr =yq;fh muRf;Ff; nfhLj;J tUk; ,uhZt - nghUjhu kl;l MjuNt kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr ,dr; rpf;fYf;F ,uhZtj; jPHT fhz mtiu Cf;fg;gLj;Jtjhf murpay; Ma;thsHfs; fUJfpwhHfs;.

 

,e;jpahTk; xU eOty; Nghf;ifNa njhlHe;J filg;gpbj;J tUfpwJ. =yq;fhtpw;F nfhiy MAjq;fis ,e;jpah toq;fhJ vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L mjp etPd ulhH fUtpfis =yq;fh tpkhdg;gilf;F mJ toq;fpAs;sJ. Kd;dH Rfd;ah ju fg;gy;fis tpw;gid nra;Js;sJ. NkYk; =yq;fh tpkhdg;giliar; NrHe;jtHfSf;F rz;bfhH efupy; kpf; tpkhdk; Xl;Ltjw;fhd gapw;rp mspf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

 

euf tho;f;if tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; jkpo;kf;fsJ tpuf;jp vy;iy fle;J  Ngha;f;nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. thfiuapy; my;yy;gLk; kf;fs; fz;zPH ky;f gpgprp jkpNohir xypgug;ghsUf;F xU Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhHfs;.

 

“,g;gbr; rhg;ghL ,y;yhky;  gl;bdp fple;J jtiz Kiwapy; rhtijtpl vq;fSf;F tp\k; nfhLq;fs;… XNuabahfr; nrj;Jg; NghfpNwhk;!”

 

kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr NghUf;Fj; jahuhfpwhH. fpof;fpy; tpiutpy; thfiuiaj; jhf;fpg; gpbf;fg; Nghtjhf  rpq;fs ,uhZtk; mwptpj;Js;sJ. tlf;fpy; mjd; ,yf;F MidapwT!

 

fle;j khtPuH ciuapd; NghJ Njrpaj; jiytH gpughfud; kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nrf;Ff; nfhLj;j fhyf; nfL Kbe;J tpl;lJ. mLj;J vd;d? (gugug;G - nehntk;gH 21> 2006)

 

 


 

 

cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; fzf;ifj; jpwe;Js;s ,uz;L jkpoHfs;

 

xd;NuwpNah khfhz cs;shl;rpj; NjHjy; fle;j nehntk;gH 13 Mk; ehs; ele;J Kbe;Js;sJ.

 

fdba murpay; mikg;G ,izg;ghl;rp Kiwikiaf; nfhz;lJ. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; 3 kl;lj;jpy; muRfs; ,aq;Ffpd;wd. kj;jpa> khfhz> efuhl;rp MfpadNt me;j muRfshFk;.

 

kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia cyFf;F mwpKfg;gLj;jpa ngUik fpNuf;fHfisNa rhUk;. fpK 5 Mk; Ehw;whz;lstpy; Vjd;]; efu kf;fs; midtUk; Xuplj;jpy; xd;W $b ehl;L elg;Gf;fis tpthjpj;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ Vjd;]; efuj;jpd; kf;fs; njhif 50>000 kl;LNk. kf;fs; njhif mjpfupj;j NghJ Neub kf;fshl;rpf;Fg; gjpy; gpuepj;Jt kf;fshl;rp Kiwik eilKiwf;F te;jJ.

 

kf;fshl;rp Kiwik gutpa NghJ kd;duhl;rp kiwaj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,g;NghJ xU rpy ehLfspNyNa Kbahl;rp njhlUfpwJ. mg;NghJk; KO  mjpfhuk; gilj;j kd;dHfs; ,g;NghJ ,y;iy. filrpahf kd;dH Ml;rpf;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itj;j ehL Neg;ghsk; MFk;.  

 

jkpoHfs; kf;fshl;rp Kiwik gw;wpr; rpe;jpf;fNt ,y;iy. mtHfs; kd;did capuhfTk; kf;fis clyhfTk; ctkpj;jhHfs;. “kd;dd; capHj;Nj kyHjiy cyfk;” vd;gJ jkpoHfsJ murpay; Nfhl;ghlhf ,Ue;jJ. jkpo; kd;dHfs; nrq;Nfhy; tisahJ mwk; gpwohJ Ml;rp elj;jpaJ mjw;F xU fhuzkhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

 

kf;fshl;rp KiwikapYk; Xl;ilfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Mdhy; mjw;F <lhf my;yJ mjw;F kpQ;rpa xU murpay; Kiwikia ahUk; ,Jtiu fz;L gpbf;ftpy;iy.

 

,k;Kiw ele;j cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; fdba jkpoHfs; fzf;ifj; jpwe;J tuyhW gilj;Js;shHfs;. khHf;fj;jpy; efurig cWg;gpduhf Nyhfd; fzgjpAk; fy;tpr;rig cWg;gpduhf rhz; ePjDk; njupT nra;ag;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

 

2006

 

                         tl;lhuk; 7

Ntl;ghsH                 thf;Ffs;    tpOf;fhL

 

fzgjp> Nyhfd;              3>088             33.54

ngd;-maHyd;l;> jp];rh         1>569             17.04

,uFkhd;> nkhfkl;            1>272             13.82

FNu\p> ahah                1>224             13.30

n[atPud;>  tpy;ypak;           775              8.42

Wh> n[g;up                    595              6.46

kpd;fh];> khd;gpwPl;             343              3.73

rapb> n[g;up                  340              3.69

 

Nyhfd; fzgjpapd; ntw;wpf;F gy fhuzq;fisr; nrhy;yyhk;. xd;W mtH thf;fhsiur; Nehupy; re;jpj;J thf;Ffisj; jpul;baJ. ntw;wpf;F cioj;j njhz;lHfs;. NeHj;jpahd  gug;Giu. jkpo; kf;fsJ MjuT. vjpH K];ypk; Ntl;ghsHfs; thf;Ffis gpupj;jJ.

 

nrd;wKiw ,Nj tl;lhuj;jpy; Nghl;bapl;l Nkhfd; eluhrh nrhw;g thf;Ffspdhy;jhd; ntw;wp tha;g;ig ,oe;jhH. 

 

2003

 

Ntl;ghsH                    thf;Ffs;      tpOf;fhL

 

c];khd;> fhypl;                   2>913           38.27

eluhrh> Nkhfd;                    2>290           30.09

nlhrd;[;> Rdp                     2>043           26.84

xdpNlh> Vz];l;                    365            4.80

 

khHf;fk; 7>8 Mk; NahHf; gpuNjr fy;tpr;rigf;fhd NjHjypy; ePjd; rz;Kfehjd; Neubg; Nghl;bapy; mghu ntw;wp <l;bdhH. ,e;j ntw;wpapy;  ve;j tpag;Gk; ,y;iy.  mtH nrd;w Kiw ntw;wp tha;g;ig 439 thf;Ffshy; kl;LNk jtwtpl;ltH. mJkl;Lky;y mtNuhL Nghl;bapl;l ,d;ndhU jkpoH 1>880 thf;Ffisg; ngw;wpUe;jhH. jkpoH thf;Ffs; gpupahJ ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; ePjd; nrd;wKiwNa fy;tpr;rig cWg;gpduhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;bUg;ghH.

 

2006

 

rhz;> ePjd;                      8>232            66.23

Nfhj;jh> Rrp                     4>197            33.77   

 

2003

 

ngd;-ma;yd;l;                    3>547            41.56

rhz;> ePjd;                      3>108            36.61

eluhrh> FkhH                    1>880            22.03

 

ePjDf;F ,k;Kiw kw;iwa ,dj;jtHfsJ thf;FfSk; ngUksT tpOe;jpUg;gJ njupfpwJ.

 

NahHf; gpuNjr cWg;gpdH gjtpf;F Nghl;bapl;l ,yF ,yFgps;is ,k;KiwAk; ntw;wp tha;g;ig ,oe;Js;shH. nrd;w NjHjypy;  10>858 thf;Ffs; (8.44)  ngw;W MwhtJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;j mtH ,k;Kiw 16>246 (9.30 tpOf;fhL) thf;Ffisg; ngw;W 7 MtJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;Js;shH. ehd;fhtJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;j NfhHld; ,yz;ld; 23>996 thf;Ffisg; ngw;Ws;shH.   

 

nkhj;jk; 44 tl;lhuq;fisf; nfhz;l nuhwd;Nuh khefurigf;F ele;j NjHjypy; jkpoHfs; xUtUk; ntw;wpngwtpy;iy. 41-42 Mk; tl;lhuq;fspy; fy;tpr;rigf;Fg; Nghl;bapl;l  rhz; jahgud; 948 thf;Ffshy; ntw;wp tha;g;ig ,oe;Js;shH. ,Nj tl;lhuq;fspy; Nghl;bapl;l ,d;ndhU jkpoH 983 thf;Ffisg; ngw;wpUe;jhH. xUtNu NjHjypy; epd;wpUe;jhy; xUNtis jahgud; ntd;wpUf;fyhk;.

 

fy;tpr;rig tl;lhuq;fs; 41 - 42

 

Ntl;ghsH                  thf;Ffs;            tpOf;fhL

 

nrd;> Nrhd;                  7>043               32.07

jahgud;> rhz;                6>095               27.75

,q; ,q;fh                    3>701               16.84

af;rd;> Nghy;                  2>871               13.06

nfH> ad                     1>275                5..80

FyNrfuk;gps;is fNz\;         983                 4.48

 

 

,e;j tl;lhuq;fspy; efuhl;rp cWg;gpdH gjtpfSf;Fg; Nghl;bapl;l jkpoHfs; ntw;wpngwtpy;iy. Mdhy; KiwNa %d;whtJ ,uz;lhtJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;Js;shHfs;.

 

42 MtJ tl;lhuj;jpy; Nghl;bapl;l fPjthzp eluhrh ,uh[;FkhH nty;thH vd gyUk; vjpHghH;j;jhHfs;. mtUk; kpf ek;gpf;ifNahL ,Ue;jhH. Mdhy; tl;lhuj;jpYk; jkpoHfs; kj;jpapYk; ed;F mwpKfkhd Nwkd;l; Nrh kPz;Lk; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;shH.

                          tl;lhuk; 41

 

Ntl;ghsH                  thf;Ffs;          tpOf;fhL

 

yP> rpd;                     5>501              37.8

nwhNgl;rd;> Nltpl;            3>324              22.9

etkhzpf;fk;> jl;rh           1>727              11.9

mapndl;rpahd;> `pwhr;        1>376              9.5

VidNahH                  2>319              15.9

 

                        tl;luhk; 42

 

Ntl;ghsH                  thf;Ffs;          tpOf;fhL

 

Nrh> Nwnkhd;l;               7>480               52.7

eluhrh> ,uh[;FkhH            3>683               25.7

mj;jhH> nkhfkl;              1>639               11.4

,Htpd;> nghdp                1>532               10.7

 

NjHjypy; vg;NghJk; Vw;fdNt cWg;gpduhf ,Ug;gtUf;F ntw;wp tha;g;G $Ljyhf  ,Uf;Fk;. tpjp tpyf;Fz;L.

,e;jj; NjHjypy; kprprhf;fh khefurig  Nkauhf 84 mfit epuk;gpa kf;fypNahd; 11 MtJ jlitahf njupT nra;ag;gl;Ls;shH. ,J xU mRu rhjid. mNj Neuk; fpywpq;ud; NkaH Nahd; kl;ld;> Nthfd; NkaH ikf;fy; b ga]; kw;Wk; Xf;tpy; NkaH Md; Ky;tNy Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

,e;jj; NjHjy; xU cz;ikia czHj;JfpwJ. NjHjypy; nty;y jkpoHfsJ thf;Ffs; kl;Lk; NghjhJ. mJ mbj;jsj;Jf;Nf cjTk;. kpFjp thf;Ffis Vida ,dj;jtNuhL cld;ghL fz;L ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

 

,g;NghJs;s nuhwd;Nuh khefuk; 1998 rdtup 01 ,y; ,aq;fj; njhlq;fpaJ. mg;NghJ Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j goikthjf; fl;rp murpd; msitf; RUf;f vz;zp Kd;dH ,Ue;j nkw;Nwh nuhwd;Nuhit Vida 5 khefu rigfNshL (vj;Njhgpf;Nfh> tl NahHf;> NahHf;> ];fhguNih> nuhwd;Nuh> fpof;F NahHf;) ,izj;J  nuhwd;Nuh efuj;ij cUthf;fpaJ.  goikthjf; fl;rp nra;j rpy ed;ikfspy; ,JTk; xd;W. ,y;yh tpl;lhy; 6 NkaHfSf;Fk; 56 cWg;gpdHfSf;Fk; 1100 CopaHfSf;Fk; rk;gsk; nfhLf;f Ntz;bapUe;jpUf;Fk;.

fdlhtpd; cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; fl;rp mbg;gilapy; ahUk; Nghl;bapLtjpy;iy. Mdhy; kiwKf murpay; fl;rp Mjpf;fk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. nuhwd;Nuh khefurigapy; vd;bgp fl;rp MjuthsHfs; ngUk;ghd;ikahf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

nuhwd;Nuh khefuk; rpvd; NfhGuj;Jf;Fg; (553..33 kPl;lH) ngaH NghdJ. mNj Nghy; ePz;l rhiyf;Fk; (1>896 fpkP)  ngaH NghdJ. aq; njU Nyf;N\hupy; njhlq;fp gpuQ;R wpNtwh (French Riviera) tiu ePz;bUf;fpwJ.

fdlhtpy; kf;fs; njhif mbg;gilapy; nuhwd;Nuh efurig 5 MtJ ngupa murhFk;. mjhtJ fdlh> xd;NuwpNah> fpA+ngf;> my;Ngl;lh Mfpa muRfSf;F mLj;jjhf nuhwd;Nuh tUfpwJ. 22 ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfSk; 22 khfhz ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfSk; nuhwd;Nuhitg; gpujpepj;Jtg; gLj;JfpwhHfs;. nghJNkdp 55>000 Fbkf;fSf;F xU gpujpepjp vd;w mbg;gilapy; 44 cWg;gpdHfSk; 22 fy;tp mit cWg;gpdHfSk; njupT nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;. mtHfsJ gjtpf;fhyk; kj;jpa khfhz mur cWg;gpdHfs; Nghy 3 ,y; ,Ue;J 4 Mz;Lfshf ePbf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.  

nuhwd;Nuh cyfj;jpNyNa ngupa gy;ghz;ghl;L efuk; MFk;.  EhWf;Fk; mjpfkhd nkhopfs; NgRNthH ,e;j efuj;jpy; tho;fpwhHfs;. fdlhtpd; gz;ghl;L efuKk; ,JNt. Mz;LNjhWk; fdlhTf;F Gyk;ngaHgtHfspy; ghjpg;Ngh (125>000) xd;NuwpNahtpy; FbNaWfpwhHfs;. ,e;jj; njhif gpwpd;]; vl;Ntl; jPtpd; kf;fs; njhiff;F rkkhdJ. kf;fs; njhif mbg;gilapy; (2001) fhZk; rpWghd;ikauJ tpguk; gpd;tUkhW.

nuhwd;Nuh khefurig kf;fs; njhif 2.48 kpy;ypad;. nuhwd;Nuh ngUefug; gFjp (GTA) 5 kpy;ypad;. (2001 fzf;nfLg;G)

nuhwd;Nuh ngUefug; gFjp 7>000 rJu fpkP (4>350 rJu fw;fs;) gug;gsT nfhz;lJ. Nyf; xd;uhwpNahtpd; tlfiu Xukhf cs;sJ. nkhj;jk; 25 khefurigfisf; nfhz;lJ. tl mnkupf;fhtpy; 4 MtJ ngupa kf;fs; njhifiaf; nfhz;lJ.

nuhwd;Nuh khefu rigapd; tuT nryTj; jpl;lk;          -     6.4 gpypad; (nlhyH)
nuhwd;Nuh khefu rigapd; KjyPl;L tuT nryTj; jpl;lk;   -    965 kpy;ypad;
CopaH njhif                                    - 3 3>411 (mz;zsT)                              

2001-2005 ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; nuhwd;Nuh ngUefug; gFjpf;F Fbte;j 107>000 FbtuthsHfspy; nuhwd;Nuh efuk; 69>000 Ngiu tuNtw;wJ. nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 43 tpOf;fhl;bdH (1>051>125) jq;fisf; fhZk; rpWghd;ikapdH vd milahsk; fhl;bdH. 1996 Mk; Mz;il tpl (882>330)  ,J 37 tpOf;fhL mjpfkhFk;.  Kjy; ehd;F ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhZk; rpWghd;ikapdH gpd;tUkhW.

    rPdH        259>710          10.6 tpOf;fhL
    njw;fhrpah   253>710          10.3 tpOf;fhL
    fUg;gH      204>076           8.3 tpOf;fhL
    gpypg;gpNdh    86>460           3.5 tpOf;fhL    

fdlhtpy; jkpoHfsJ njhif 350>000 vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. njw;fhrpah kf;fsJ nkhj;j vz;zpf;ifNa 253>710 Mf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ  vQ;rpa jkpoHfs; vq;Nf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.  xd;NuhwpNahTf;F ntspapy; ,Uf;fpwhHfsh? mg;gbr; nrhy;y KbahJ..

,d;ndhd;W. fle;j NjHjy; Nghy; my;yhJ ,k;Kiw Fog;gk; vJTkpy;iy vd;W thndhypapy; XahJ xopahJ nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. Mdhy; fy;tpr;rig tl;lhuk; 41 – 42 ,Uz;L jkpoHfs; Nghl;bapl;lhHfs;. khHf;fk; tl;lhuk; 7 ,y; ,uz;L jkpo; Ntl;ghsHfs; epd;wpUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

kf;fshl;rpapd; fPo; kf;fNs kd;dHfs;. kd;dHfs; njupT nra;Ak; gpujpepjpfs; ifapNyNa Ml;rp mjpfhuk; ,Uf;fpwJ. vdNt tha;g;igg; gad;gLj;jp MSik> jpwik> njhz;Ls;sk;> ,dTzHT> nkhopAzHT epiwe;j rhjidahsHfs; NjHjy;fspy; gq;F nfhs;s Kd; tuNtz;Lk;. mJ vkJ vjpu;fhy murpay;> r%f> nghUshjhu Kd;Ndw;wj;Jf;F topNfhYk;.

 

ele;J Kbe;j NjHjiy  xU ePz;lfhy murpay; KjyPlhf vz;z Ntz;Lk;.  fdlh te;NjhUf;F  tQ;rfkpy;yhky; ,d> kj> epw> nkhop> gz;ghl;L> fiy NtWghLfisf; fle;J rfy kf;fSf;Fk; rkj;Jtkhd tha;g;Gf;fis toq;Fk; ehL. ,e;j tha;g;Gf;fis Gjpa Fbtuthsu;fshd jkpoHfs; ruptug; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. (cyfj;jkpoH - nehntk;gH 17>2006)

 

 


 

 

murpay; khw;wj;Jf;F thf;fspj;j mnkupf;f kf;fs;!

 

vg;NghJk; ntd;wtHfSf;Ff; nfhz;lhl;lk;. Njhw;wtHfSf;Fj; jpz;lhl;lk;. mnkupf;f ehl;L thf;fhsg; ngUkf;fs; vjpHghHj;jJ NghyNt fle;j nrt;tha;f;fpoik ele;j NjHjpy; murpay; khw;wj;Jf;F thf;fspj;Js;shHfs;.  FbauRf; fl;rpapd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,Ue;j  Nkyit fPoit ,uz;ilAk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ.

 

NjHjy; KbTfs; FbauRf; fl;rp kw;Wk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ,uz;Lk; Nkyit fPoit ,uz;bYk; itj;jpUe;j ,Uf;iffspd; vz;zpf;ifia jiyfPohf khw;wp ,Uf;fpwJ.

                    

NjHjYf;F Kd;dH

                         fPoit     Nkyit  MSeH

     FbauR              230        55       28

     kf;fshl;rp            201        45       22

                    

 NjHjYf;Fg; gpd;dH

    

     FbauR               196        44       27

     kf;fshl;rp             229        55       28

 

mnkupf;f thf;fhsHfs; tpLj;jpUf;Fk; nra;jp njspthfj; njupfpwJ. ,uhf; njhlHghd G\;\pd; mZFKiwapy; xU khw;wj;ij mtHfs; tpUk;gpdhHfs;. murpay; khw;wj;ijf; nfhz;LtUtjd; %yk; mnkupf;fhtpd; ngaUf;F cyfshtpa kl;lj;jpy; Vw;gl;Ls;s fsq;fj;ij ePf;f tpUk;gpdhHfs;.

,e;jj; NjHjypy; ntd;W te;Js;s ehd;rp ngNyhrp (Nancy Pelosi) mLj;j fPoit jiytuhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl ,Uf;fpwhH. mg;gbj; njupT nra;ag;gLk; NghJ mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH> Jiz Ml;rpj;jiytH ,UtUf;Fk; mLj;jjhf mjpf mjpfhuk; gilj;j murpay;thjpahf ehd;rp ngNyhrp jpfo;thH. jw;NghJ kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpapd; ehlhSkd;wf; FOj; jiytuhf ,Uf;fpwhH.

 

ntw;wpthif #ba ,d;ndhU ngz; `pyhup fpspd;ld; MthH. ,tH epA+ NahHf; njhFjpapy; ,Ue;J fPoitf;F 80 tpOf;fhL thf;Ffs; ngw;W kPz;Lk; njupthfpAs;shH. 2008 ,y; eilngw ,Uf;Fk; Ml;rpj;jiytH gjtpf;F kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp rhHghf ,tH Nghl;bapLk; tha;g;G xspkakhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

njhz;ZhWfspy; gdpg;NghH xU KbTf;F te;J mnkupf;fh cyfpd; xNunahU ty;yurhf khwpaNghJ mJ nghWg;NghL ele;J nfhz;L cyf ehLfSf;F xU jiyikj;Jtj;ij ey;Fk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ xusT epiwNtwpaJ. ,uhf;> Fitj;J ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;jNghJ mg;NghJ Ml;rpj;jiytuhf ,Ue;j NahH[; vr; G\; ma;addhtpd; MjuNthL me;jg; gilnaLg;ig Kwpabj;J Fitj;ij tpLtpj;jhH.

 

gpy; fpspd;ld; fhyj;jpy; Nghy;f;fd; ngUepyg; gFjpapy;  mikjp jpUk;gpaJ. gil gyk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lhYk; Danton cld;ghL fhzg;gl;lJ. cyf #oiyg; ghJfhf;Fk; ifNahl;Nlh cld;ghl;il (Kyoto protocol) mnkupf;fh Vw;Wf; nfhz;L mjpy; ifnahg;gk; ,l;lJ. 

 

Mdhy; NahH[; lGs;A+ G\; gjtpf;F te;jNghJ jiyfPo; khw;wk; Vw;gl;lJ. typik rupahdJ (Might is right) vd;w Nfhl;ghl;ilf; mtH ifnfhz;lhH. cyfr; rpf;fy;fSf;F jPHT fhz;gjpy; mtH jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdkhf ele;J nfhz;lhH. Mg;fdp];jhd; kPJ mnkupf;fh gilnaLj;j NghJ mjw;F cyf ehLfsJ  xg;Gjy; XusT ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; ,uhf; Kw;wpYk; NtwhdJ. ,uhf; cyf mikjpf;F ve;jnthU mr;RWj;jiyAk; tpLtpf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; mnkupf;fh xU Nfhngny];rpad; (Goebellesian) ghzp gug;Giuia ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhf Nkw;nfhz;lJ. ,uhf; mnkupf;fhtpd; ghJfhg;Gf;Fk; cyf mikjpf;Fk; mr;RWj;jyhf ,Uf;fpwJ vd mnkupf;fh gug;Giu nra;jJ. 

 

mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdkhfg;  gilnaLj;jNghJ cyf ehLfspd; vjpHg;G gutyhf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; NahH[; G\;\pd; epUthfk; mjidr; rl;il nra;atpy;iy.

 

cz;ikia Gijf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mjid nfhd;Wtpl KbahJ. kWGwk; ngha;ia rpwpJ fhyj;Jf;F tpw;gid nra;ayhk;. Mdhy; ePz;l fhyk; mg;gbr; nra;a KbahJ. cz;ik xUehs; ntspr;rj;jpw;F te;Nj jPUk;.  vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf nrj;j xU kdpjid capNuhL ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhy;yyhk;. xU ehs; ,U ehs; nrhy;yyhk;. Mdhy; mjw;F Nky; me;jg; ngha;ia kiwf;f KbahJ.

 

nrt;tha; ,uT ntspte;j NjHjy; KbTf;Fg; gpd;dUk; - me;jj; NjHjypy; Njhw;w gpd;dUk; NahH[; G\; jdJ gpiofis xg;Gf; nfhs;s kWj;Jtpl;lhH. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf 9/11 jhf;FjNyhL  ve;jtpj njhlHGk; ,y;yhj ,uhf; kPJ gilnaLj;jJ ghupa jtwhFk;. mijtpl  ,uhf; NguopT MAjq;fis itj;jpUf;fpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lk; gr;irg; ngha;ahfk;.  

 

NjHjy; KbTfs; ntspahfpa gpd;dH (Gjd;fpoik) nra;jpahsHfisr; re;jpj;Jg; Ngrpa NahH[; G\; ntw;wp fpilf;Fk;tiu mnkupf;fh ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawhJ vdj; jpl;ltl;lkhf mwptpj;jhH. mtH ,d;ndhd;iwAk; nrhd;dhH. ,uhf; kPjhd gilnaLg;G vd;gJ cyf gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupd; xU $whFk;. mnkupf;fh ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawpdhy; mJ gpd;dH gaq;futhjpfspd; GfyplkhwptpLk; vdr; nrhd;dhH.

 

me;jr; nra;jpahsH khehl;by; ,Ue;j nra;jpahsHfs; G\;\plk; xU Nfs;tp Nfl;bUf;fyhk;. ,uhf; kPJ mnkupf;fh NghH njhLj;jij mLj;Nj ,uhf;fpy; gaq;futhjpfSk; gaq;futhjKk; jiytpupj;jhLfpwJ. mjw;F Kd;dH me;j ehl;by; kdpjTupik kPwy;fs; ele;jpUf;fyhk; Mdhy; epr;rakhf gaq;futhjpfSk; gaq;futhjKk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. 9/11 jhf;Fjypy; <LglltHfspy; xUtuhtJ ,uhf; ehl;ilr; NrHe;jtH ,Uf;ftpy;iy. 

 

G\; NkYk; NgRifapy; “,uhf;fpy; ve;j Kd;Ndw;wKk; fhzg;glhjjw;F mjpUg;jp njuptpf;Fk; tifapy; ngUk;ghd;ik mnkupf;fHfs; thf;fspj;jhHfs; vd;gij ehd; xj;Jf;nfhs;fpNwd;. ,Ue;Jk;; mnkupf;fHfSk; ,uz;L fl;rpfisr; NrHe;j Nth\pq;ldpy; ,Uf;Fk; jiytHfSk; xd;wpy; xw;Wikahf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ehq;fs; ,uhf;fpy; Njhy;tpiaj; jOt KbahJ.”

 

G\; khkhtpDila Ngr;R ,uhf;gw;wpa mnkupf;fhtpd; nfhs;ifNah mZFKiwNah khwhJ vd;gijf; Nfhbl;Lf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,uhf; njhlHe;J mnkupf;f gilapduJk; ,uhf; kf;fsJk; RLfhlhf tpsq;;Fk;. mnkupf;fhtpw;F vjpuhd fpsHr;rp njhlUk;. Rd;dp ,uhf;fpaHfSk; \pah ,uhf;fpaHfSk; xUtiu xUtH njhlHe;J jhf;fpf; nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;.  ,uhf;fpd; vz;nza; tsk; #iwahlg;gLk;. ngupa gd;dhl;L vz;nza; epWtdq;fshd  Halliburton, Bechtel kw;Wk; fl;blj; njhopypy; <Lgl;Ls;s epWtdq;fs; njhlHe;J Nfhbf;fzf;fpy; ,yhgj;ij <l;bf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. mjw;fhd tpiyia mnkupf;f gilapdUk; ,uhf;fpaHfSk;  nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Ug;ghHfs;.

 

Mdhy; NahH[; G\; mnkupf;f kf;fs; mspj;j jPHg;ig mbNahL Gwe;js;sptpl KbahJ. mtHfs; NjHjypy; njuptpj;j mjpUg;jpiaj; ntWkNd ifia mirj;Jj; js;sptpl KbahJ. vdNt  G\;Rf;F xU gypf; fplh Njitg;gl;lJ.  ghJfhg;Gr; nrayH nlhdhy;l; wk;];nty;l; (Donald Rumsfeld) vd;w cUtpy; me;jg; gypf;fplh fpilj;jJ! ,tiuj; njhlHe;J G\; NkYk; rpy gypf; fplhf;fisj; Njlf; $Lk;. 

 

Vw;fdNt wk;];nty;bd; jiyia cUl;LkhW Ntz;LNfhs;fs; tpLf;fg;gl;L te;jd. wk;];nty;l; xU jiyf;fdk; gpbj;j ghJfhg;Gr; nrayH. mtuJ ekl;Lr; rpupg;G Gfo;ngw;wJ. Kd;dhs; ky;Aj;j tPuUk; NghHtpkhd Xl;bAkhd wk;];ngy;l; nrUf;Fg; gpbj;jtH. mnkupf;fg; gilapdH jq;fSf;F etPd NghH mq;fpfs; toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vdf; Nfl;ljw;F ‘,Uf;fpw gilia itj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; xUtH NghUf;Fr; nry;yyhk;. xUtH tpUk;Gfpw gilia itj;Jf; nfhz;L NghUf;Fg; NghfKbahJ’ vd ,Wkhg;ghfg; gjpy; mspj;jhH.

 

wk;];nty;l; gjtp tpyfiy mLj;J mtuJ ,lj;jpw;F Kd;dhs; rpma;V jiytH nwhNgl; Nfl;]; (Robert Gates) ghJfhg;Gr; nrayuhf epakpf;fg;gl ,Uf;fpwhH.

,uhf; kPJ gilnaLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w NghHj; jpl;lk; 9/11 jhf;Fjy; ele;j 72 ehs;fspy; G\; kw;Wk; wk;];nty;l; ,UtuhYk; jPl;lg;gl;lJ. jhf;FtJ vd;W KbntLj;j gpd;dNu mjw;fhd rhd;Wfis ,UtUk; NjbdhHfs;. mjw;fhf Gydha;Tj;Jiw mjpfhupfsJ iffis KWf;fpdhHfs;. ,uhf; NghHj; jpll;lj;ij vjpHj;j gilj;jsgjpfsJ thia milj;jhHfs;.

 

kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ntw;wp ngw;Wtpl;ljhy; ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J mnkupf;fg; gilapdH tpiutpy; ntspNaWthHfs; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ. fhuzk; ,uhf; Nghiu kf;fshl;rp FbauR ,uz;L fl;rpf;fhuHfSNk Mjupf;fpwhHfs;. mtHfSf;F ,ilNa ,Uf;Fk; fUj;J Kuz;ghL ve;jj; jpirapy; Nghiu Kd;ndLg;gJ vd;w cj;jp my;yJ je;jpuk; gw;wpaNj. Nghiug; gw;wpaJ my;y.  NkYk; ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifia tFg;gtH Ml;rpj; jiytuhd NahH[; G\; kl;LNk. mjpy; ehlhSkd;wk; kw;wk; Nkyit cwg;gpdHfSf;Fg; gq;F fpilahJ.

 

Vw;fdNt Jiz Ml;rpj;jiytH bf; nrdp “NjHjy; KbT vg;gb ,Ue;jhYk; ,uhf; gw;wpa mZFKiwapy; khw;wk; ,Uf;fhJ. nrd;w jpirapNyNa nry;YNthk;” vdr; nrhy;yptpllhH.

 

mJ kl;Lky;y kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp cWg;gpdHfs; G\; epUthfk; nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wpa fLikahd rl;lq;fSf;F MjuT ey;fpAs;shHfs;. ,e;jr; rl;lq;fs;  ( Patriotic Act kw;Wk; Military Commission Act) mnkupf;fhtpd; epWtpdHfsJ mbg;gil tpOkpaq;fSf;F khwhf my;yJ Kuzhf ,Uf;fpd;wd.

mnkupf;fh ePz;l fhyj;Jf;F ,uhf;fpy; epd;W gpbf;f KbahJ. ,uhf;fpy; mnkupf;fg; gilapduJ ,og;G ehSk; nghOJk; mjpfupj;j tz;zk; cs;sJ. ,d;W tiu 2>839 mnkupf;f gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.  21>077 gilapdH fhag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J gbg;gbahf ntspNaw mnkupf;fh jpiu kiwtpy; Maj;jk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

 

,d;W cyfpy; cs;s ngUk;ghd;ik kf;fshy; ntWf;fg;gLfpw ehL xd;W ,Uf;Fkhdhy; mJ mnkupf;fhthfj;jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjw;Fupa ‘ngUik”; Kl;lhs;j;jdkhd NghH ntwpgpbj;j kdg;Nghf;Fila NahH[; G\;i\Na rhUk;.  mjid mtH xj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; epiyapy; ,g;NghJ $l ,y;iy vd;gJjhd; tUj;jk; mspf;fpwJ.

 

gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NahH[; G\;\pd; fz;%bj;jdkhd; vjpHg;G jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ijAk; XusT gytPdg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. gaq;futhjj;ij vjpHg;gJ vd;w Kbthy; =yq;fh ,dthj muRf;F ,uhZt MAjq;fs;> ,uhZtg; gapw;rp> Gydha;Tj; jfty; Nghd;wtw;iw =yq;fh muRf;F mnkupf;fh toq;fp tUfpwJ. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; kw;Wk; fdlh ,uz;Lk; tp.Gypfis gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;jjw;F mnkupf;fh nfhLj;j mOj;jNk fhuzkhFk;. 

 

cyf mikjpf;F mnkupf;fh njhlHe;J mr;RWj;jyhf ,Uf;Fkh ,y;iyah vd;gij NahH[; G\;jhd; KbT nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mtuJ gjtpf;fhyk; Kba ,d;Dk; ,uz;L Mz;LfNs vQ;rpapUf;fpd;wd.

 

,e;j ,uz;L Mz;Lfhy Ml;rpiag; nghWj;Nj mLj;j Ml;rpj;jiytH FbauRf; fl;rpiar; NrHe;jtuh my;yJ kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpiar; NrHe;jtuh vd;gJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gLk;.  (cyfj;jkpoH - nehntk;gH 10> 2006)

 

 


 

 

,ilj; jtizj;  NjHjy; G\;rpd; tyJrhup Ml;rpf;F KbTiu vOjf; $Lk;! 

 

,e;j ,jio ePq;fs; gbf;Fk; NghJ mnkupf;f ,ilj; jtiz NjHjy; KbTfs; ntsptuj; njhlq;fp ,Uf;Fk; my;yJ te;J Kbe;J tpLk;.

 

kf;fshl;rpf;Fk; rHthjpfhu Ml;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,Uf;Fk; NtWghL Rje;jpukhd  NjHjy; cz;lh? ,y;iyah? vd;gJjhd;.

 

rHthjpfhu ehLfspYk; NjHjy; eilngwyhk;. Mdhy; mJ Rje;jpukhd NjHjyhf ,Uf;fhJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf xU fl;rp Ml;rp eilngWk; rPdhtpy; NjHjy; vd;gJ ntWk; fz;Jilg;G. NjHjy; %yk; Ml;rp khw;wk; rPdhtpy; Vw;gl topNa ,y;iy.

 

mnkupf;fhtpd; gpw;Nghf;F tyJrhup murpaiy> mjd; rz;bj;jdj;ij ehk; ntWf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mbg;gilapy; me;j ehL xU kf;fshl;rp murpay; Kiwik eilngWk; ehL vd;gjid xg;Gf; nfhz;Nl Mf Ntz;Lk;.

 

,e;jj; NjHjy; fPoit (House of Representatives) Nkyit (Senate) ,uz;Lf;Fk; eilngWfpwJ. Kjypy; ,e;jj; NjHjy; gw;wpa juitg; ghHg;Nghk;.

 

    fPoit

 

    nkhj;j njhFjpfspd; vz;zpf;if                - 435

    NjHjy; eilngWk; njhFjpfspd; vz;zpf;if       – 435

    FbauRf;fl;rpf;Fs;s ,Uf;iffs;                 - 230

    kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;Fs;s ,Uf;iffs;              - 201

    RNal;ir                                   -   1

    ntw;wplk;                                   -   3

    kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp fPoitiaj;  jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;by;

    nfhz;L tuj; Njitg;gLk; Nkyjpf ,Uf;iffs;      -  15

 

    Nkyit

 

    nkhj;j njhFjpfspd; vz;zpf;if                - 100

    NjHjy; eilngWk; njhFjpfspd; vz;zpf;if            –  33

    FbauRf;fl;rpf;Fs;s ,Uf;iffs;                -  55

    kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;Fs;s ,Uf;iffs;            -  44

    RNal;ir                                  -   1

    kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp Nkyitia jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;by;

    nfhz;L tuj; Njitg;gLk; Nkyjpf ,Uf;iffs;     -  6

 

fPoit Nkyit NjHjy;fNshL 36 khepyq;fSf;F (nkhj;jk; 50 khepyq;fs;) MSeHfisj; NjHe;njLf;fTk; NjHjy; eilngWfpwJ.

 

mnkupf;fhtpy; ehd;fhz;LfSf;F xU Kiw Ml;rpj; jiytH Nju;jy; eilngWk;. Ml;rpj;jiytH Nju;e;njLf;fg;gl;L ,uz;lhz;Lfs; Kbe;jJk; fPoitiar;   Nru;e;j ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; kw;Wk; %d;wpy; xU gFjp Nkyit ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs;; kw;Wk; rpy khfhzq;fSf;F MSeiuj; Nju;T nra;Ak; Nju;jy; eilngWk;.

 

fPoitAk; NkyitAk; NrHe;jJjhd; Nguit (Congress) - Mdhy; eilKiwapy; fPoit cWg;gpdHfs; fhq;fpu]; cWg;gpdH vd;Wk; Nkyit cWg;gpdHfs; nrdl;lHfs; vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpd;wdH.

 

,e;j ,uz;L mitfspYk; NkyitNa mjpf mjpfhuKk; nry;thf;Fk; nfhz;lJ MFk;. xU khepyj;Jf;F ,uz;L cWg;gpdHfs; vd;w mbg;gilapy; njupT nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;. ,tHfsJ gjtpf; fhyk; MW Mz;Lfs;. khepyj;jpd; gug;gsT fzf;fpy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLtjpy;iy. ngupa khepyk; vd;whYk; rpwpa khepyk; vd;whYk; cWg;gpdHfs; njhif xd;Wjhd;.

 

fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gf;fs; vjpu;f;fl;rpahf cs;s kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;F ,e;j Nju;jypy; rhjfkhd R+o;epiy epyTtjhfj; njuptpj;Js;sd.

 

mnkupf;fhtpy; jw;NghJ MSk; fl;rpahf FbauR fl;rp cs;sJ. Ml;rpj;jiytuhf NahH;[; G\; cs;shH. fPoit kw;Wk; Nkyit ,uz;bYk; NahH[; G\;rpd; FbauRf;fl;rpf;Nf ngUk;ghd;ik gyk; cs;sJ. Mdhy;> <uhf; rpf;fy;> ghypay;  Coy;> fj;uPdh R+whtspahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gFjpfspy; epthuzg; gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;tjpy; fhl;lg;gLk; Rzf;fk; Mfpait FbauRf; fl;rpf;F gpd;dlit Vw;gLj;jpAs;sd. jdpg;gl;l KiwapYk; mjpgu; G\;rpd; nry;thf;F rupe;Js;sjhf fUj;J fzpg;Gfs; ntspahfpAs;sd.

 

mNj Neuj;jpy; vjpu;f;fl;rpahd kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;F nry;thf;F cau;e;Js;sJ. gd;dpuz;L Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpwF fPoitapy; ,e;j fl;rpf;Fg; ngUk;ghd;ik fpilf;Fk; vd;W vjpHghHfg;gLfpwJ. NkyitapYk; mjw;Fg; ngUk;ghd;ik fpilf;fyhk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpwJ.

 

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vjpHT$wy;

NjHjypd; gpd; Gjpa

Nkyit – kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp 50     FbauRf; fl;rp  49  RNal;ir 1

fPoit  - kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp 239     FbauRf; fl;rp 196

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FbauRf; fl;rp xd;W my;yJ ,uz;L mitfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;il ,oe;jhYk; rup ,of;fhtpl;lhYk; rup me;jf; fl;rpapd; tyJrhup ntspAwT nfhs;if KbTf;F te;Js;sJ. mtHfsJ ntspAwTf; nfhs;if fe;jyhfptpl;lNjhL cyfshtpa mstpy; mnkupf;fhtpd; caHj;jp (stature) gyj;j mbthq;fpAs;sJ.

 

fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gfs; rhjfkhf cs;s epiyapy; kf;fshl;rpapdH kpFe;j kfpo;r;rpapy; cs;sdu;. ,e;jj; Nju;jypy; ntw;wp ngw;why;> ,d;Dk; ,uz;lhz;Lfs; fopj;J elf;Fk; Ml;rpj; jiytH Nju;jypy; jq;fSf;Fr; rhjfkhd R+o;epiy Vw;gLk; vd;W mtu;fs; epidf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ntd;whYk; Ml;rpj;jiytH gjtpf;F Mgj;jpy;iy. epiwNtw;W mjpfhuk; KOJk; Ml;rpj;jiytuJ ifapNyNa ,Uf;fpwJ. ,Ue;Jk; ,uz;L mitapYk; my;yJ xU mitapyhtJ kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ngUk;ghd;ik gyk; ngWNkahdhy; NahH[; G\; murpay; mfuhjpapd;gb xU nehz;b thj;J Ml;rpj;jiytH (lame-duck president)  Mf khwptpLthH!

 

,U fl;rpfspd; Nju;jy; gpurhuk; fle;j rpy ehl;fshfj; jPtpuk; mile;Js;sJ. NahH[; G\; gy khfhzq;fspy; #whtspr; Rw;Wg; gazk; nra;J jdJ fl;rp Ntl;ghsHfSf;F MjuT jpul;b tUfpwhH. kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpiaf; fLikahf tpku;rpj;Jg; Ngrp tUfpwhH. kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ngUk;ghd;ik gyk; ngw;W te;jhy; mnkupf;fhtpw;F jPtputhjpfshy; Vw;glf;$ba Mgj;J mjpfupf;Fk; vd mr;RWj;jp cs;shH.

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mnkupf;fh xNu ghHitapy;

gug;gsT  -   9>631>420 rJu fpkP (cUrpah kw;Wk; njd; mnkupf;fhit tpl miu thrp>  rPdh kw;Wk; gpNurpiy tpl nfhQ;rk; ngupJ)

 

jiyefuk; - Nth\pq;ld; (b.rp.)

 

gpupj;jhdpahtplk; ,Ue;J Rje;jpuk; ngw;w jpfjp – A+iy 4> 1776

 

kf;fs; njhif     - 298>444>215 (A+iy 2006) 

                 (300>000>000 - xf;NjhgH 17> 2006)

 

nts;is ,dj;jtH  - 81.7 tpOf;fhL

 

fUg;gH            -12.9 tOf;fhL

 

MrpaH           - 4.2 tpOf;fhL

 

VidatHfs;       -  1.2 tpOf;fhL

 

rkak;       - Gwl;l];jhdk; 52 tpOf;fhL

             fj;Njhypf;fk; 24 tpOf;fhL

             A+jk;  1 tpOf;fhL

             ,];yhk;  1 tpOf;fhL

             rkak; ,y;yhNjhH 10 tpOf;fhL

             Vidait 12 tpOf;fhL

 

gbj;NjhH      – 99 tpOf;fhL

 

nkhop         - Mq;fpyk; 82.1 tpOf;fhL

               ,Rg;ghdpah 10.7 tpOf;fhL

               Vidait   7.2 tpOf;fhL 

 

nghJNkdp mfit – 77.85 Mz;Lfs;

 

ruhrup tUkhdk; - 41>800 (2005 kjpg;gPL) m. nlhyHfs;

 

nkhj;j cs;SH cw;gj;jp – 12.36 jpupy;ypad; m.nlhyHds;. xU jpupy;ypad; - 1>000>000>000>000 nlhyHfs; (2005 kjpg;gPL).    

 

vy;iyfs; - fdlh – 8>893 fp.kP. (my];fh (2>477 fp.kP) cl;gl)

          nkf;rpf;Nfh – 3>141 fpkP

 

flNyhuk;  - 19>924 fpkP    

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NkYk; flypy; %o;fg; Nghfpwtd; JUk;igg; gpbj;jhtJ fiuNru epidg;gJ Nghd;W rjhk; FNrDf;F ,uhf; ePjpkd;wk; Jhf;Fj;jz;lid tpjpj;Jj; jPHg;G mspj;jij “kf;fshl;rpf;F fpilj;j ntw;wp” vd;W NahH[; G\; gug;Giu Nkw;nfhz;Ls;shH.

 

Mdhy; 145 kpy;ypad; nrytpy; FNrDf;Fk; mtuJ rfghbfSf;Fk; vjpuhf elj;jg;gl;l tof;F ePjpahf eilngwtpy;iy vd;W gy ehLfs; fUj;Jj; njuptpj;Js;sd. gpuhd;]; ehL rjhk; FNrd; Jhf;fpy; ,lg;gLtjw;F vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;Js;sJ.  cyf kd;dpg;G mit Nghd;w gy kdpjTupik mikg;Gf;fs; tof;F tprhuiziaf; fz;bj;Js;sd. midj;Jyf rl;lj;Jf;F mika ePjp tprhuiz eilngwtpy;iy vd;gJ mtw;wpd; Fw;wr;rhl;L MFk;. 

 

,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; my; Ln[apy; vd;w Ciur; NrHe;j 182 NgHfisf; nfhd;w Fw;wr;rhl;by; rjhk; FNrDf;Fk; mtuJ rfhf;fSf;Fk; vjpuhf fle;j xf;NjhgH 2005 ,y; ePjp tprhuiz njhlf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; 182 Ngiug; Nghy Mapuk; klq;Ff;F NkyhdtHfisf; nfhd;W Ftpj;jtHfs;jhd; ,e;j tof;if elj;jp Kbj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. rjhk; FNrd; rhHghfj; Njhd;wpa 3 tof;fwpQHfs; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. tof;if tprhupj;j ePjpgjp Rizgar Mohammed Amin  jdJ gjtpia tpyj;jpf; nfhs;SkhW epHg;ge;jpf;fg;gl;lhH. vdNt tof;F tprhuiz mnkupf;fhTf;Fr; rup mjd; nghk;ik murhd ,uhf;Ff;Fr; rup ngUik jUtjhf ,y;iy. mnkupf;f tyJrhupfs; ,g;gbf; Nftykhf Vd; ele;J nfhs;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy.

 

kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpia Nru;e;j Nkyit cWg;gpdu; Nahd; nfup fle;j fpoik  njuptpj;j xU fUj;J ngUk; ru;r;iria Vw;gLj;jpaJ. khztHfs; kj;jpapy; Ngrpa mtH “ePq;fs; ftdkhfg; gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngw;W ntspNaw Ntz;Lk;.  ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ePq;fs; ,uhf;fpy; rpf;f NeupLk;” vd;W mtH NgrpaJ mtuJ fl;rpf;F ngUk; gpd;dlit Vw;gLj;jpaJ. Mdhy; mtH jdJ Ngr;Rf;F tUj;jk; njuptpj;jij mLj;J mjd; jhf;fk; Fiwe;J tpl;ljhfj; njupfpwJ.

 

,uhf;if vspjhf ifg;gw;wptplyhk; vd;w mnkupf;f tyJrhupfspd; fdT fiye;J tpl;lJ. ,uhf;if jdJ gpbf;Fs; nfhz;Lte;J tpl;lhy; kj;jpa fpof;F njhlq;fp nfhupahtiu cs;s “Fog;gb” ehLfs; midj;Jk; mnkupf;fhtpd; Kjyhspj;Jtk;> kf;fshl;rp kw;Wk; ,];Nuy; rhHG epiyia mutizj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; vd Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\;rpd; fzpg;Gg; ngha;j;Jtpl;lJ.

 

,uhf; kPjhd Nghiu nty;yKbahJ vd;w epiyf;F mnkupf;fh js;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;jg; NghUf;F mnkupf;fh nrytopj;j 350 kpy;ypad; nlhyH tPzhfptpl;lJ. 

 

Fiwe;jJ 400>000 ,yf;fk; ,uhf;fpaHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. nkhj;jk; 2836 mnkupf;f gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.  mnkupf;fhtpd; NerehLfspd; ,og;igAk; NrHj;jhy; 3>075 gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. fhag;gl;NlhH njhif 44>779 gilapdH (jiu> fly;> thd;> Marines) MtH. tpal;ehk; Mf;fpukpg;G NghUf;F mLj;jjhf mnkupf;fh re;jpj;j ngupa ,og;G ,JthFk;.

 

mnkupf;f tyJrhupfs; ,g;NghJ ,uhf;if tpl;L Xl topNjbf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ngUk;ghYk; ej;jhiu mLj;J ,e;j Xl;lk; ,lk;ngwyhk;. ,jw;fhd jpl;lj;ij Kd;dhs; ntspAwTj; jpizf;fs nrayH Nak;]; Ngf;fH (James Baker) kw;Wk; Kd;dhs; Nguit cWg;gpdUk; 9/11 Mizf;FOtpd; jiytUkhd Lee Hamilton jahupj;J tUfpwhHfs;. Nak;]; Ngf;fH NahH[; G\; FLk;gj;Jf;F kpfTk; neUf;fkhd ez;gH MtH. 

 

,d;iwa cyf xOq;fpy; Vf ty;yurhd mnkupf;fhNt tuyhw;iw kl;Lk; my;y jdf;F Vw;wthW rl;lj;ij tisj;Jj; jPHg;igAk; vOJfpwJ.

 

,ilj; jtizj; NjHjypy; kf;fshl;rp fl;rp ngUk;ghd;ik gyk; fpilj;jhYk; mnkupf;fhtpd; ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifapy; ghuJhukhd khw;wq;fs; tUk; vd;W vjpHghHf;f KbahJ. Mdhy; NahH[; G\;rpd; tyJrhup Ml;rpf;F KbTiu vOjf; $Lk;. (gugug;G - nehntk;gH 07> 2006)

 


 

mnkupf;fhtpd; ,ilj; jtizj; NjHjypy; FbauRf; fl;rp Njhw;fbf;fg; gLkh?

 

mnkupf;fh Jk;kpdhy; Vida ehLfSf;Fr; rsp gpbf;Fk; vd;ghHfs;. ehq;fs; mnkupf;fhit tpUk;gyhk; my;yJ ntWf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mJ xU ty;yhuR vd;gij ahUk; vspjpy; Gwe;js;sptpl KbahJ. cyfg; nghUshjhuj;jpd; mr;rhzpahf mnkupf;fh tpsq;FfpwJ. gy twpa my;yJ tsUk; ehLfs; mnkupf;fhtpd; jatpy; jq;fp ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf mnkupf;fhNt =yq;fhtpd; kpfg; ngupa Vw;Wkjpr; re;ijahf tpsq;FfpwJ. 2004 Mk; Mz;L =yq;fh jdJ Vw;Wkjp %yk; 5.306 gpy;ypad; (530.6 Nfhb) mnkupf;f nlhyiu rk;ghjpj;jJ. ,jpy; 31 tpOf;fhL mnkupf;f Vw;Wkjp %yk; fpilj;jJ. cLJzpfspd; cw;gj;jpapy; 63 tpOf;fhl;il mnkupf;f re;ijf;F =yq;fh Vw;Wkjp nra;fpwJ. mjd; ngWkjp 1.8 gpy;ypad; (180 Nfhb) m. nlhyHfshFk;. vdNt mnkupf;fh epidj;jhy; cLJzp cw;gj;jp ,wf;Fkjpapy; fl;Lg;ghLfis tpjpj;J =yq;fhtpd; Fuy;tisia neupf;fyhk;!

 

mnkupf;f murpay; Kiwikf;;Fk; =yq;fh murpay; Kiwikf;Fk; xU xw;Wik cz;L. ,uz;Lk; epiwNtw;W mjpfhuk; gilj;j Ml;rpj;jiytiu ikakhff; nfhz;L ,aq;Fk; ehLfs;. Nguitf;F (Congress) kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l mjpfhuNk cs;sJ.

 

mnkupf;f ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; (House of Representatives) 435 cWg;gpdHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfs; 2 Mz;Lf;F xUKiw elf;Fk; kWNjHjypy; thf;fhsHfisr; re;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. Nkw;;rigapy;  (Senate) 100 cWg;gpdHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfspy; %d;wpy; xU gq;fpdH (33)  ,uz;L Mz;Lf;F xU Kiw NjHjiyr; re;jpf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfspy; 17 NgH kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpiar; NrHe;jtHfs;. 15 NgH FbauRf; fl;rpiar; NrHe;jtHfs;. vQ;rpa xUtH RNal;ir.

vdNt mnkupf;f murpay; Kiwik xd;iw xd;W NkTtJ Nghy (overlapping) tbtikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjpfhuKk; mt;thNw tbtikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

,g;NghJ eilngWk; NjHjiy ,ilj; jtizj; NjHjy; (Mid-term poll) vd;W Vd; miof;fpwhHfs;?

 

Ml;rpj;jiytH 4 Mz;Lf;F xUKiw NjHe;njLf;fg;gLfpwhH. Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\; 2005 rdtup 20 ,y; gjtpf;F te;jtH. mtuJ gjtpf;fhyk; rdtup 20> 2009 ,y; KbtilfpwJ. vdNt 2005 f;Fk; 2009f;Fk; ,ilapy; tUk; NjHjiy ,ilj; jtizj; NjHjy; vd miof;fpwhHfs;.

 

vjpHtUk; nehntk;gH 7 ,y; eilngWk; NjHjypy; ntw;wpngWNthH rdtup 3> 2007 ,y; ,Ue;J rdtup 3> 2009 kl;Lk; gjtp tfpg;ghHfs;. 

 

fPoit (ehlhSkd;wk;) Nkyit ,uz;Lk; NrHe;jNj Nguit (fhq;fpu];) MFk;. fPoitf;F kf;fs; njhif mbg;gilapy; NjHjy; eilngWfpwJ. ,e;j mit kf;fsJ ehbj; Jbg;ig vjpnuhypf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpajhNyNa ,uz;L Mz;Lf;F xUKiw NjHjy; elj;jg;gLfpwJ. 

 

Nkyit mg;gbay;y. xt;nthU khepyj;Jf;Fk; 2 cWg;gpdH vd;w Kiwapy; 50 khepyq;fspy; ,Ue;J  100 cWg;gpdHfs; njupT nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;. xU khepyj;jpd; gug;gsT fzf;fpy; vLf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. Nkyit cWg;gpdHfspd; gjtpf;fhyk; 6 Mz;Lfs;. Mdhy; NkNy Fwpg;gpl;lthW %d;wpy; xU gq;fpdH ,uz;L Mz;Lf;F xUKiw gjtp ,of;fpwhHfs;.

 

nehntk;gH 7 ,y; eilngw ,Uf;Fk; NjHjy; ,uhf; Nghiur; Rw;wpNa eilngWfpwJ. njhlf;fj;jpy; ,uhf; kPjhd mnkupf;f ,uhZtg; gilnaLg;ig Mjupj;j ngUk;ghyhd mnkupf;fHfs; ,g;NghJ jq;fs; Mjuit tpyf;fpf; nfhz;Ls;shHfs;. NahH[; G\; vjpHghHj;jJ Nghy ,uhf;fpy; rjhk; FNrdpd; Ml;rpia khw;wpa gpd;dH tpiuthf tPL te;J Nruyhk; vd;w vjpHghHg;Gg; gpioj;Jtpl;lJ. ,uhf;fpy; mnkupf;f gilfs; mb thq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ,d;W $l 4 mnkupf;f gilapdH ,we;Js;shHfs;. xf;NjhgH khjjj;jpy; kl;Lk; 106 mnkupf;f gilapdH fsg;gyp MfpAs;shHfs;. ,Jtiu 2>824 mnkupf;f gilapdH  gypahfpAs;shHfs;. 21>077 gilapdH fhag;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

 

,e;j ,og;Gf;fspdhy; NahH[; G\; mtHfSf;F ,Ue;j MjuT rupe;J tpl;lJ. jw;NghJ RkhH 38 tpOf;fhl;bdNu G\;ir Mjupf;fpwhHfs;. kw;wtHfs; mtUf;F vjpuhd epiyg;ghl;by; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,uhf; ehl;Lf;Fs; mnkupf;fg; gil Eioe;jJ njhlf;fj;jpy; (19-03-2003) NahH[; G\;Rf;F 65 tpOf;fhL kf;fsJ MjuT ,Ue;jJ.

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH rHt ty;yik gilj;jtuhf ,Ug;gpDk; rl;lq;fs; ,aw;Wtjw;Fk; epjp xJf;fPL nra;tjw;Fk; Nguitapd; MjuT Njitg;gLfpwJ. ,g;NghJ NahH[; G\;rpd; FbauRf; fl;rpf;F Nkyitapy; (House of Representatives) 30 ngUk;ghd;ik cWg;gpdHfSk; fPoitapy; 5 ngUk;ghd;ik cWg;gpdHfSk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. mjhtJ fPoitapy; FbauRf; fl;rpf;F 231 ,Uf;iffSk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;F 201 ,Uf;iffSk; kf;fshl;rp fl;rp MjuT RNar;ir xUtUk; ,uz;L ntw;wplq;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Nkyitapy; FbauRf; fl;rpf;F 55 ,Uf;iffSk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;F 44 ,Uf;iffSk; kf;fshl;rp MjuT rNar;ir xd;Wk;  ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

Nkyit fPoit ,uz;Lf;Fk; elf;Fk; NjHjNyhL 36 khepy MSeH NjHjYk; cs;shl;rp NjHjYk; elf;f ,Uf;fpd;wd. nghJthf MSeHfsJ gjtpf; fhyk; 4 Mz;LfshFk;. Mdhy; Vermont and New Hampshire  khepy MSeHfs; 2 Mz;LfSf;F kl;LNk njupT nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;.

 

 

 

mnkupf;fh xNu ghHitapy;

 

gug;gsT  -   9>631>420 rJu fpkP (cUrpah kw;Wk; njd; mnkupf;fhit tpl miu thrp>  rPdh kw;Wk; gpNurpiy tpl nfhQ;rk; ngupJ)

 

jiyefuk; - Nth\pq;ld; (b.rp.)

 

gpupj;jhdpahtplk; ,Ue;J Rje;jpuk; ngw;w jpfjp – A+iy 4> 1776

 

kf;fs; njhif     - 298>444>215 (A+iy 2006) 

                 (300>000>000 - xf;NjhgH 17> 2006)

 

nts;is ,dj;jtH  - 81.7 tpOf;fhL

 

fUg;gH            -12.9 tOf;fhL

 

MrpaH           - 4.2 tpOf;fhL

 

VidatHfs;       -  1.2 tpOf;fhL

 

rkak;       - Gwl;l];jhdk; 52 tpOf;fhL

             fj;Njhypf;fk; 24 tpOf;fhL

             A+jk;  1 tpOf;fhL

             ,];yhk;  1 tpOf;fhL

             rkak; ,y;yhNjhH 10 tpOf;fhL

             Vidait 12 tpOf;fhL

 

gbj;NjhH      – 99 tpOf;fhL

 

nkhop         - Mq;fpyk; 82.1 tpOf;fhL

               ,Rg;ghdpah 10.7 tpOf;fhL

               Vidait   7.2 tpOf;fhL 

 

nghJNkdp mfit – 77.85 Mz;Lfs;

 

ruhrup tUkhdk; - 41>800 (2005 kjpg;gPL) m. nlhyHfs;

 

nkhj;j cs;SH cw;gj;jp – 12.36 jpupy;ypad; m.nlhyHds;. xU jpupy;ypad; - 1>000>000>000>000 nlhyHfs; (2005 kjpg;gPL).    

 

vy;iyfs; - fdlh – 8>893 fp.kP. (my];fh (2>477 fp.kP) cl;gl)

          nkf;rpf;Nfh – 3>141 fpkP

 

flNyhuk;  - 19>924 fpkP    

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vdNt ,e;jj; NjHjypy; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ,uz;L mitapYk; ngUk;ghd;ik ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; fPoitj; NjHjypy; FbauRf; fl;rpia tpl 15 ,Uf;iffisAk; Nkyitj; NjHjypy; FbauRf; fl;rpia tpl 5 ,Uf;iffisAk; Nkyjpfkhff; ifg;gw;w Ntz;Lk;.

 

kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;F ,uz;L mitapYk; ngUk;ghd;ik fpilf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; NahH[; G\; vQ;rpa gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; xU nehz;b thj;J Ml;rpj;jiytuhf (lame duck president)  MfptpLk; Mgj;J ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; mtuJ gjtpf;F Mgj;jpy;iy.

 

nghJthf FbauRf; fl;rpf;Fk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpf;Fk; nghUshjhuj; Jiwapy; NtWghbUe;jhYk; murpay; Jiwapy;> Fwpg;ghf ntspAwTj; Jiwapy; mjpf NtWghby;iy. ,uhf;F NghUf;F ,uz;L fl;rpiar; NrHe;jtHfSk; MjuT njuptpf;fpwhHfs;. ahUk; gfpuq;fkhf mjid vjpHf;fj; jahuhapy;iy. Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd gilnaLg;ig rpy kf;fshl;rp cWg;gpdHfs; FbauRf;fl;rp cWg;gpdHfistpl jPtpukhf Mjupf;fpwhHfs;. 

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf nfhnel;bfl; khepyj;jpy; jw;NghJ kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp Nkyit cWg;gpduhf ,Uf;Fk; Nah ypgHkd; (Senator Joe Lieberman) cl;fl;rpj; njhlf;f NjHjypy; Njhw;Wg;Nghdij mLj;J RNal;irahff; fsk; ,wq;fpAs;shH. ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd gilnaLg;ig jPtpukhf Mjupf;Fk; ,tUf;F FbauRf;fl;rp thf;fhsHfs; thf;fspj;J ntw;wp ngwr; nra;af; $Lk;.

 

,uhf; NghH> G\;rpd; Mjutpy; tPo;r;rp> Coy; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs; FbauRf;fl;rpf;Fg; ghjfkhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. mNj rkak; gjtpapy; ,Ug;NghUf;F toikahf ,Uf;Fk; MjuT FbauRf;fl;rpf;Fr; rhjfkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

Ml;rpj;jiytH gjtpf;F xUtH ,UKiwjhd; Nghl;baplyhk;. Mdhy; Nkyit fPoitj; NjHjypy; ve;jtpjkhd fl;Lg;ghLk; ,y;iy. xUtH vj;jid Kiw Ntz;Lk; vd;whYk; NjHjypy; Nghl;baplyhk;.  Nkw;F ntH[pdpah Nkyit cWg;gpdH Rober Carlyle Byrd ( kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp) 1958 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; gjtpapy; ,Uf;fpwhH! fPoit cWg;gpdH xUtH kPz;Lk; njupT nra;ag;gLk; tha;g;G 90 tpOf;fhlhFk;! NkYk; Vw;fdNt cWg;gpdHfshf ,Ug;gtHfs; NjHjy; epjp jpul;Ltjpy; jq;fNshL Nghl;b NghLtHfis tpl 4: 1 vd;w tpOf;fhl;by; epjp jpul;l KbAk;. ,e;jj; jftiy murpay; tpil$Wk; ikak; (Center for Responsive Politics)  fUj;Jj; njuptpj;Js;sJ.   

 

FbauRf;fl;rpf;F mbg;gilthj fpwpj;jt thf;fhsHfsJ MjuT ,Uf;fpwJ. ngupa njhopy; epWtdq;fsJ MjuTk; Clfq;fsJ MjuTk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpia tpl FbauRf; fl;rpf;Nf $Ljyhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,Ue;Jk; fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gf;fs; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp Ntl;ghsHfSf;F rhjfkhfNt ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

mnkupf;f NjHjypy; rhjhuz kf;fSf;F ,lkpy;iy. NfhBRtuHfNs NjHjypy; epd;W nty;Yk; rhj;jpak; cs;sJ. xU NjHjYf;F ruhrup 50 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfis ,uz;L ngupa fl;rpfspd; Ntl;ghsHfs; nrytopf;fpwhHfs;.

 

fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gf;fs; ,uhf; NghUf;F vjpuhd czHT ngUk;ghyhd thf;fhsHfsplk; ,Ug;gijf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. ,uhf; nty;y Kbahj NghH vd;W ngUk;ghyhd kf;fs; epidf;fpwhHfs;. mjidg; Gupe;J nfhz;l Ml;rpj; jiytH NahH[; G\; FbauR Ntl;ghsHfis Mjupj;Jr; #whtspg; gug;Giu nra;J tUfpwhH. Nkyit fPoit ,uz;ilAk; my;yJ ,uz;by; xd;iwahtJ fhg;ghw;wptpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ mtuJ Fwpf;Nfhshf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

NjHjypy; ,uz;L mitfSk; kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rpapd; gpbf;Fs; Nghdhy; ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J mnkupf;f gilapdiuj; jpUg;gp miof;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Fuy; Xq;fp xypf;ff; $Lk;.

 

,uhf; NghH gpupj;jhdpa gpujkH Nuhdp gpNsauJ murpay; tho;Tf;F ciyitj;J tpl;lJ. mjw;F Kd;dH ,uhf;Ff;F gilfis mDg;gp itj;j ,Rg;ghdpa kw;Wk; ,j;jhyp tyJrhupf; fl;rpfs; gjtpapypUe;J mfw;wg;gl;Ltpl;ld.

cyf mikjpf;F mnkupf;fh ,d;W ngupa mr;RWj;jyhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,uhf;fpy; kl;Lky;y Mg;fhdp];jhdpYk; mjd; gilfs; nty;y Kbahj Nghupy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

 

,Rg;ghdpah> ,j;jhyp> XusT gpupj;jhdpah fhl;ba topapy; NahH[; G\;rpd; tyJrhup FbauRf; fl;rp NjHjypy; Njhw;fbf;fg;glyhk;. nehntk;gH 7 ,uT (nrt;tha;f;fpoik) KbT njupe;JtpLk;. (cyfj;jkpoH - nehntk;gH 03>2006)

 

 


 

NehHNt FUtp jiyapy; gdk; gokh?

 

vy;NyhUk; vjpHghHj;jJ NghyNt tp.GypfSf;Fk; =yq;fh muRf;Fk; n[dpthtpy; ele;j Ngr;RthHj;ij Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;Js;sJ. mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;RthHj;ijf;Ff; $l jpfjp Fwpg;gplg; gltpy;iy. 

 

Ngr;RthHj;ijf;F Kd;dH xU nghJthd epfo;r;rp epuiyj; jahupg;gjpy; ,Ujug;Gk; ,zf;fk; fhz KbahjNghJ Ngr;R thHj;ij ntw;wp ngWk; vd;W vjpHghHg;gJ tPz; NtiyahFk;.

 

=yq;fh muRf;F Ngr;R thHj;ijapy; ek;gpf;if ,y;iy vd;gJ nts;splkiy. nrd;w jlit n[dpth 1 ,y; xl;Lf; FOf;fspd; MAjq;fisf; fisa Ntz;Lk; vd;W vLj;j jPHkhdj;ij =yq;fh muR eilKiwg; gLj;jj; jtwptpl;lJ. mg;gbahd MAjf; FOf;fNs ,y;iy vd;W KOg; G+rzpf;fhia Nrhw;Wf;Fs; kiwj;J tpl;lJ.

 

=yq;fhtpd; jpl;lk; Nghupd; %yk; tp.Gypfis Gwq;fz;L xU miuFiwj; jPHitj; jkpo;kf;fs; kPJ jpzpg;gJjhd;. 

 

gpd; vjw;fhf =yq;fh muR n[dpth 2 f;Fg; NghdJ? ntspehl;L mOj;jk;jhd; mjw;Ff; fhuzk;. Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Fg; Nghfhtpl;lhy; =yq;fh muR NghH %yk; ,dr; rpf;fYf;F jPHT fhz tpUk;GfpwJ vd;w mjd; jpl;lk; gfpuq;fg; gLj;jg;gl;L tpLk;. ,jid =yq;fh muR tpUk;gtpy;iy. vdNt Ntz;lh ntWg;ghf n[dpth Gwg;gl;Lr; nrd;whHfs;.

 

Ngr;RthHj;ij RKfkhf  eilngw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; ,U rhuhUf;Fk; ,ilapy; xUtH kPJ xUtUf;F ek;gpf;if ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. xUtiu xUtH kjpj;J elf;f Ntz;Lk;.  vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf xUtUf;F xUtH tpl;Lf; nfhLj;J elf;f  Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbahd kdg;Nghf;F murplk; fpQ;rpj;Jk; ,y;yhJ ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr Ml;rpf;F te;j gpwF tp.Gypfis gaq;futhjpfs; vd;Wk; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; gaq;futhjk; vdTk; gug;Giu nra;tjpNyNa fhyj;ijf; fopj;J tUfpwJ.

 

tp.Gypfs;  gaq;futhjpfs; vd Kj;jpiu Fj;Jtjw;F ntspAwT mikr;rH kq;fs rkutPuh ehL ehlhfg; gwe;J nrd;whH. mjw;Fg; gyd; fpilf;fhkYk; ,y;iy. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; =yq;fhtpd; Ntz;LNfhSf;Fr; nrtp rha;j;J mjd; Miria epiwNtw;wpaJ. Vw;fdNt (1997)  tp.Gypfis ntspehl;Lg; gaq;futhj ,af;fq;fspd; gl;baypy; NrHj;Jtpl;l mnkupf;fh =yq;fh nfhLj;j mOj;jk; fhuzkhf jkpoHfs; rpyiuf; ifJ nra;J rpiwapy; milj;Js;sJ. mLj;j khjk; mnkupf;f flw;gilAk; =yq;fh flw;gilAk; $l;Lg; gapw;rpapy; <Lgl ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

xU Gwk; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Fj; jahH vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L kWGwk; NghUf;F Maj;jk; nra;tNj =yq;fh tpd; ,uhrje;jpukhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

NghH %yk; jPHT fhz;gjpNyNa =yq;fh muR Fwpahf ,Uf;fpwJ. n[dpthtpy; Ngr;R thHj;ij  ele;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ =yq;fh ,uhZtk; xU type;j jhf;FjYf;F Kfkhiyapy; fduf MAjq;ffisAk; gilapdiuAk; Ftpj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Ug;gjhf tp.Gypfspd; gilj;Jiwg; Ngr;rhsH ,uhirah ,se;jpiuad; Fw;wk; rhl;bdhH.

 

n[dpth Ngr;R thHj;ijf;F Kd;dH Kfkhiyapy; ,Ue;J Kd;Ndwp Midapwitg; gpbj;J xU ,uhZt gyj;NjhL tp.GypfSld; NgRtijNa =yq;fh muR tpUk;gpaJ.

 

Mdhy; Kfkhiyapy; (xf;NjhgH 11) fgud ( xf;NjhgH 16) filrpahf fhypapy; (xf;NjhgH 18) vd mLj;jLj;J =yq;fh ,uhZtKk; flw;gilAk; re;jpj;j capH ,og;Gf;fSk; MAj ,og;Gf;fSk; =yq;fh murpd; jpl;lj;jpy; kz;iz ms;spg; Nghl;L tpl;lJ.

 

Kfkhiyapy; Vw;gl;l gLNjhy;tpf;F ,uhZtj; jsgjp ruj; nghd;Nrfh nghWg;Ngw;Ws;shH. vdNt me;jj; Njhy;tpia <L nra;a NkYk; xU jhf;FjYf;F mtH Maj;jk; nra;J tUfpwhH.

 

,uhZt eltbf;iffisg; nghWj;jstpy; KbT vLf;Fk; mjpfhuk; midj;ijAk;  rdhjpgjp kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr fLk;Nghf;fhsuhd ,uhZt jsgjp nghd;Nrfhtplk; nfhLj;Jtpl;lhH.

 

n[dpthtpy; elf;Fk; Ngr;RthHj;ij Njhy;tpapy; KbAk; vd;W gutyhf vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lhYk; =yq;fh muR V9 neLQ;rhiyiaj; jpwf;f xUg;gLk; vd;Nw ek;gg;gl;lJ. mjw;F ,uz;L fhuzq;fs; ,Ue;jd.

 

1)      gd;dhl;L rKjhaj;jpd; mOj;jk; - Fwpg;ghf ,izj;jiyik ehLfspd; mOj;jk;.

2)      =yq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rp – ma;f;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;l Gupe;JzHT cld;ghL.

 

n[dpth khehl;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy; Ngrpa vwpf; nrhy;n`a;k; gpd;tUkhW $wpapUe;jhH. Ngr;R thHj;ijfspy; <Lgl;bUf;Fk; ,U jug;Gk; gpd;tUk; %d;W tplaq;fisapl;L ftdk; nrYj;JthHfs;.

 

    (1)     kdpj Jd;gq;fs;

    (2)     ,uhZt eltbf;if kw;Wk; td;Kiwiaj; jzpj;jy;

    (3)     murpay; jPHTf;fhd murpay; jpl;lk;

 

mikjpj; jufH vwpf; nrhy;n`a;k; n[dpth khehl;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy; NgRk;NghJ =yq;fh muR – tp.Gypfs; ,ujug;Gk; 1972 njhlf;fk; ,Jtiu 65>000 nghJkf;fisg; gypnaLj;Jtpl;l Mrpahtpd; kpf ePz;l gpuptpid NkhjYf;F jPHT fhz;gjpy; Kd;Ndw;wk; fhzNtz;Lk; vd;Wk; mg;gb ,y;yhj gl;rj;jpy; gd;dhl;L r%fk; nghWik ,of;Fk; epiyf;Fj; js;sg;gLk; vd;Wk; mjd; tpisT njd;dhrpa ehL gy ,yl;rk; ngWkjpahd epjpAjtpia ,of;f NeupLk; vd;Wk; vr;rupj;jhH.

 

vupf; nrhy;n`a;k; nrhy;tJ cz;ikahdhy; n[dpth 2 Ngr;RthHj;ij Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jij mLj;J gd;dhl;L rKjhak; =yq;fhtpw;fhd epjpAjtpia epWj;jg; Nghfpwjh?

 

mtru kdpjhgpkhd epiyik gw;wpAk; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fspd; mty epiy gw;wpAk; vLj;Jf; $wpa tp.Gypfs; =yq;fh muR cldbahf V9 neLQ;rhiyiaj; jpwe;J tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;ldH.

 

mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;Rf;fSf;F Kd;du; V9 ghij jpwf;fg;gLkhapd; mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;Rf;fSf;fhd jpfjpfisj; jPu;khdpg;jw;Fj; jahuhf ,Ug;gjhf tpLjiyg; Gypfs; njuptpj;jdu;. rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; ghJfhg;igf; fhuzk; fhl;b tp.Gypfspd; Ntz;LNfhis epuhfupj;Jtpl;lJ. mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;Rf;fSf;fhd jpfjpfisj; jPu;khdpg;gjw;F Kd;du; V9 ghijiajj; jpwg;gjw;F Nehu;Nt Vw;ghl;lhsu;fSk; fz;fhzpg;Gf;FOTk; jkJ nry;thf;ifg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Nfl;Lf;nfhz;ldu;.

 

mJ kl;Lky;y. gd;dhl;L rKjhak; ,U jug;G kPJk; mOj;jq;nfhLf;fpwJ vdr; nrhy;yg;gLtJ cz;ikahdhy; ,e;j V9 neLQ;rhiyiaj; jpwe;JtpLkhW =yq;fh muRf;F mOj;jk; nfhLj;jpUf;fyhNk? NghH epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpy; cs;s xU tpjpia eilKiwg; gLj;JkhWjhNd tp.Gypfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. ,uhZtj;jpd; ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzkhf ghij jpwf;f Kbahnjd;why; kf;fsJ kdpjhgpkhd Njitiatpl ,uhZtj;jpd; ghJfhg;G ngupjhfpg; Ngha;tpl;ljh?

 

rdehafk;> gd;ikj;jd;ik> mjpfhug; gutyhf;fy; Nghd;wtw;iwg; gw;wpNa Ngr Ntz;Lk; vd;W mlk; gpbj;j =yq;fh jug;igg; ghHj;J tp.Gypfs; miw$ty; tpLj;jhHfs;. ,dr; rpf;fYf;F VjhtJ jPHTj;jpl;lk; ,Uf;fpwjh? vd;W tp. Gypfs; Nfl;ldH.  kf;fshl;rpapd; khz;G gw;wpg; NgRk; =yq;fh muR kf;fshl;rp topKiwA+lhf jdpehl;il mikg;gijj; jLf;Fk; rpwpyq;fh murpayikg;gpd; 6 MtJ jpUj;jj;ij ePf;fp kf;fshl;rp Kiwikapy; =yq;fh muRf;F cs;s <Lghl;il vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;l  KbAkh?  vd;W Nfl;ldH.  jkpo; kf;fspd; mgpyhirfis vz;gpg;gjw;F jkpou; jhafj;ij Mf;fpukpj;J epw;Fk; rpwpyq;fh gilapdiu  mfw;wp gd;dhl;L fz;fhzpg;ghsu; Kd;dpiyapy; xU Neub thf;nfLg;G elj;j =yq;fh muR jahuh? vd mLf;fLf;fhf tp.Gypfs; n[dpth khehl;by; miw$ty; tpl;lhHfs;.

 

aho;g;ghzj;ij Mf;fpukpj;J epw;Fk; 60>000 Mapuk; rpq;fsg; gilapdUf;F czT toq;f KbAk; vd;why; Vd; 6 ,yl;rk; kf;fSf;F czT toq;f KbahJ?

NkYk; V9 ghij ,Uf;f vjw;fhf gplupiar; Rw;wp %f;ifj; njhLtJ Nghy fly; ghij gw;wpg; NgrNtz;Lk;?

 

ghHf;fg; Nghdhy; FUtp jiyapy; gdk; goj;ij itj;jJ Nghy NehHNtahy; Rkf;f Kbahj ghuj;ij mJ jdJ jiyapy; itj;J tpl;ljh vd;W vz;z Ntz;bAs;sJ. mJ kl;Lky;y> NehHNtapd; mDruizf;F KO mstpyhd Mjuitf; nfhLg;gjhf ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; nrhd;dhYk; me;j MjuT NehHNtf;Ff; fpilg;gjhf ,y;iy. ,t;tstpw;Fk; NehHNt ,izj;jiyik ehLfspy; xd;whFk;.

 

,U jug;Gk; mikjpg; Ngr;RthHj;ijapy; <Lgl;Lf;nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk; NghJ ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; NehHNtapd; vjpHg;igAk; nghUl;gLj;jhJ tp.Gypfisg; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;jJ mjw;F ey;y vLj;Jf; fhl;lhFk;. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; KbT NehHNtapd; iffisg; gytPdg;gLj;jptpl;lJ.

 

Mokhfg; ghHj;jhy; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; cl;gl ,izj;jiyik ehLfs; NehHNtia xU NghL jbahfNt elj;Jfpd;wd.

 

vupf; nrhy;n`a;k;ikg; nghWj;jstpy; mtH mikjpf;fhd Nehngy; gupirj; jl;bf; nfhz;L NghfNt ghLgLfpwhH. mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;RthHj;ijf;F jpfjp

 

Fwpg;gplhtpl;lhy; tp.Gypfspd; FOTf;Fg; ghJfhg;Gj; juKbahJ vd;W vupf; nrhy;n`a;k; nrhd;dJ mtuJ Foe;ijj;jdkhd ,uhrje;jpj;ijNa fhl;LfpwJ. mJ kl;Lky;y mtUf;F tp.Gypfspd; tuyhW njupatpy;iy vd;gijAk; ntspf; fhl;LfpwJ. NkYk; xU nra;jp. Kd; vg;nghOJk; gad;gLj;jg; glhj> gad;gLj;jf; $lhj Terrorism vd;w gjj;ijAk; ,k;Kiw n[dpthtpy; mtH gad;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwhH. ,it NehHNtapd; mDruizg; gzpia – eLepiyikia -  Nfs;tpf;Fs;shf;fpAs;sJ.

 

Ngr;RthHj;ij %yk; ,dr; rpf;fYf;Fj; jPHT fhzKbahJ vd;w cz;ik ,g;NghJ Jyhk;gukhfj;  njupfpwJ. Ngrpj; jPHf;f KbAk; vd;why; je;ij nry;tehafk; fhyj;jpy; jPHT fz;bUf;fyhk;. my;yJ mkpHjypq;fk; fhyj;jpy; MtJ jPHT fz;bUf;fyhk;.

 

tp.Gypfspd; murpay; nghWg;ghsH jpU. jkpo;r;nry;td; Rtp]; tho; jkpo; kf;fs; tpkhd epiyaj;jpy; jdf;F mspj;j tuNtw;gpd; NghJ $wpapUg;gJ Nghy; vkJ jiytpjpia ehNk jPHkhdpf;Fk; fhyk; fdpe;J tpl;lJ. NehHNtia ek;gpg; gad; ,y;iy. (gugug;G - xf;NjhgH 31> 2006)

 

 


 

jkpof cs;shl;rp NjHjy; KbT n[ayypjhTf;Fr; Nrhjidah?

jkpofj;jpy; ele;J Kbe;j cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; jpiug;glf; fhl;rpfis kpQ;Rk; tz;zk; MSk; murpay; fl;rpfspd; mbahl;fs; vjpHfl;rp KftHfis mbj;Jj; Juj;jptpl;L thf;Fr; rhtbfisf;  ifg;gw;wp fs;s thf;Ffisg; tifnjhif ,d;wpg; Nghl;ljhfTk;> thf;Fg; ngl;bfis vLj;J tPrpajhfTk; nkhj;jj;jpy; Mw;Wg; ngUf;Fg; Nghy; td;Kiw jiytpupj;J MbajhfTk; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs; vOe;Js;sd. vjpHf;fl;rpfSk; td;Kiwapy; ,wq;fhky; ,y;iy.

fl;rp NtWghbd;wp vy;yhf; fl;rpfSNk thf;fhsHfSf;Fg; gzk;> gz;lk;> Nriy> Ntl;b vd;W ms;sp tPrpd!

Fwpg;ghf nrd;id efuhl;rpf;fhd NjHjypy; MSk; fl;rpahd jpKf tuyhW fhzhj td;Kiwapy; <Lgl;ljhfTk; rl;lk; xOq;if epiyehl;l Ntz;ba fhty;Jiw rl;lj;jpy; ifapy; vLj;jtHfis ntWkNd ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jjhfTk; vjpHf;fl;rpfs; Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;sd. mjpy; MSk; jpKf $l;lzppay; ,Uf;Fk; khHf;rp];l; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk; xd;whFk;. ,e;jf; fl;rp nrd;id khefuhl;rpj; NjHjypy; jdpj;Jg; Nghl;bapl;lJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

NjHjiyr; nry;Ygbahfhky; nra;J kW NjHjy; elj;JkhW mjpKf njhLj;j  tof;fpy; nrd;id caH ePjpkd;wk; 12 tl;lhuq;fspy; cs;s 27 thf;Fr; rhtbfspy; kl;Lk; kW NjHjy; elj;JkhW NjHjy; Mizaj;Jf;F cj;juT gpwg;gpj;jJ. kPjKs;s 143 thu;Lfspy; gjpthd thf;Ffis vz;Zk; gzp njhlq;fyhk; vdTk; jPHg;gspj;jJ.

kW NjHjy; xf;NjhgH 13 Mk; ele;J Kbe;jJ. nkhj;j thf;FfSk; vz;zg;gl;l epiyapy; jpKf $l;lzp  “mghu” ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ.

nkhj;jk; cs;s 155 thu;Lfspy; 90 tl;lhuq;fspy; jpKf ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ. fhq;fpu]; fl;rp 38 tl;lhuq;fspYk; ghkf 17 tl;lhuq;fspYk; ,e;jpa fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp 2 tl;lhuq;spYk;> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; 2 tl;lhuq;fspYk; ntw;wp ngw;wd.

mjpKfTf;F ntWk; 4 tl;lhuq;fspy; kl;LNk ntw;wp fpilj;Js;sJ. ,jw;F Kd;dH 1996 Mk; Mz;L ,ijtplf; Fiwthf 2 tl;lhuq;fspy; kl;Lk; ntd;wpUe;jJ. fiyf;fg;gl;l khefuhl;rpapy; 61 mjpKf cWg;gpdHfs; ,Ue;jhHfs;. mjpKf tpd;  $l;lzpf; fl;rpahd kjpKfTf;F xz;Nz xz;Z fz;Nz fz;Z vd;W xU  ,lk; kl;LNk fpilj;Js;sJ.

mNj Neuj;jpy; gF[d; rkh[; fl;rp $l xU ,lj;jpy; ntd;W fhl;bAs;sJ. jpKf $l;lzpapypUe;J tpyfp 8 tl;lhuq;fspy; jdpj;Jg; Nghl;bapl;l khu;f;rp];l; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpf;F xU ,lj;jpy; $l ntw;wp fpilf;ftpy;iy.

mjpKf nghJr; nrayH n[ayypjh Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ljw;F ,zq;f ntw;wp ngw;w 4 cWg;gpdHfspy; 2 NgH jq;fs; gjtpfisj; Jwe;J tpl;lhHfs;. xUtH mg;gbr; nra;a kWj;Jtpl;lhH. kw;wtH jiykiwthfptpl;lhH. ,UtUk; ,g;NghJ fl;rpapy; ,Ue;J Jhf;fp tPrg;gl;Ls;sdH.

nrd;id efuhl;rpiag; NghyNt vQ;rpa 5 khefuhl;rpfisAk; jpKf $l;lzpNa ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. Mf jkpofj;jpy; cs;s 6 khefuhl;rpfisAk; jpKf $l;lzp ifg;gw;wp tpl;lJ. fiyf;fg;gl;l khefuhl;rpfspy; ,uz;by; kl;Lk; (kJiu> jpUr;rp) jpKf $l;lzp trk; ,Ue;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

xNu ghHitapy; 2001> 2006 ,y; cs;shl;rp NjHjypy; fl;rpfs; ngw;w ,lq;fs; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

,jpy;> khefuhl;rp Kjy; xd;wpak; tiuapy; jpKf kl;Lk; 7>272 tl;lhuq;fisf; ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. ,J 2001 Mk; Mz;L cs;shl;rpj; Nju;jy; KbTfisf; fhl;bYk; 2>663 thu;Lfs; mjpfk;. mg;NghJ> jp.K.f.Tf;F 4>609 tl;lhuq;fs;  fpilj;jpUe;jd.

 

mNjNghy;> 2001 cs;shl;rpj; Nju;jypy; khefuhl;rp Kjy; xd;wpak; tiuapy; 6>362 tl;lhuq;fisf; ifg;gw;wpa mjpKf .Tf;F jw;NghJ 4>295 tl;lhuq;fs; kl;LNk fpilj;Js;sd. mjhtJ> 2>076 tl;lhuq;fis ,oe;Js;sJ.

 

jpKf $l;lzp fl;rpahd ghkf fle;j cs;shl;rpj; Nju;jypYk; jpKf $l;lzpapy; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jJ. mg;NghJ> 566 tl;lhuq;fis ngw;w ,f;fl;rpf;F ,g;NghJ 802 tl;lhuq;fs; fpilj;Js;sd. fhq;fpu]; fl;rp> fhq;fpu];> jkhfh. vd ,Ugpupthf fle;j cs;shl;rp Nju;jypy; Nghl;bapl;ld. ,e;j ,uz;L fl;rpfSk; nkhj;jkhf 1>865 tl;lhuq;fs; ngw;wd. (jkhfh> m.jp.K.f. mzpapy; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jJ) jw;NghJ xd;Wgl;l fhq;fpurhf jpKf mzpapy; ,lk; ngw;W 1>898 tl;lhuq;fisf; ifg;gw;wpAs;sd.

 

fle;j Kiw jpKf mzpapy; epd;w gh[f Tf;F 501 tl;lhuq;fs fpilj;jd. ,e;j Kiw jdpahf Nghl;bapl;L 228 tl;lhuq;fspy; ntd;Ws;sJ. Kjd;Kiwahf cs;shl;rpj; Nju;jiy re;jpj;j NjKjp .Tf;F 607 tl;lhuq;fs fpilj;Js;sd. kjpKf Tf;F 528> tpLjiy rpWj;ijf;F 25 tl;lhuq;fs fpilj;Js;sd.

cs;shl;rp NjHjypy; jpKf $l;lzp nty;Yk; vd;gJ vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lJjhd;.  kJiuapy; rl;lrigf;F ele;j ,ilj; NjHjypy; jpKf mNkhf ntw;wp ngw;wJ. jpKf fl;rp rhHgpy; Nghl;bapl;l kJiu Kd;dhs; JizNkaH fT]; gl;rh 50>994 thf;Ffisg; ngw;W (Nk NjHjy; - 43>185) mjpKf Ntl;ghsH uh[d; nry;yg;ghit tpl 31>085 mjpfg;gbahd thf;Ffshy; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;shH. ,e;j thf;F mWtilf;F K.f. mofpup fhuzk; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

mjpKf Ntl;ghsH uh[d; nry;yg;ghtpw;F fpilj;j thf;Ffs; 19>909 thf;Ffs; (Nk 2006 NjHjy; - 35>000 thf;Ffs;) kl;LNk. ,e;jj; njhFjpapy; mjpKftpd; thf;F tq;fpahd Kf;Fyj;NjhH vz;zpf;if 19>000 MFk;. tp[afhe;jpd; NjjpKf Ntl;ghsH gd;dPHnry;tk; 17>394 thf;Ffs; ngw;W 3 MtJ ,lj;ij gpbj;Js;shH. eh

d;F khjq;fSf;F Kd;  ele;j rl;lrig Nju;jypy; 12>038 Xl;LfNs NjjpKf f;Ff; fpilj;jpUe;jJ.

jpKf $l;lzpf;F fpilj;j ntw;wpf;Ff; fhuzk; my;yJ fhuzq;fs; vit? jpKf jiytH K.fUzhepjpNa trd ftpij %yk; mjw;fhd tpiliar; etpd;wpUf;fpwhH.

ntw;wp tpau;it epyj;jpy; tpo ghLgLtu; cotu;; gl;l fld; gy Nfhb KOtijAk; jPu;j;J grp jPu;f;Fk; czTf;Fk; muprp tpiy mf;fzNk Fiwj;J thuk; ,U Kl;il rpwhUf;F vDk; jpl;lj;ij mspj;J ahUk; vjpu;ghuhj gw;gy rhjidfs; gilj;J thOk; Fby;fspYk; tz;zj; njhiyf;fhl;rp mikj;J ifayfj; jupR epynkdpDk; fz;bg;gha; Vio tptrhapf;Nf mspj;J fhzp epyk; Ntz;Lk; vd;w ghujpapd; fditAk; gypf;f itj;J fspg;gpyhLk; kapyha; fhdk; ghLk; Fapyha; kfpo;e;jpl fy;tpf; $l gps;isfl;Ff; fl;lzr; Rikia ,wf;fp %jhl;b ngauhy; ,Ue;j Kj;jhd jpUkzj; jpl;lk 'Mfhl;b” nad;d jpUkznkd;W md;iwa Ml;rpahsu; uj;J nra;j gupTlNd Viog; ngz; kz tpohTf;F gjpide;jhapuk; <e;J gbj;J tpl;L Ntiyapd;wp miyfpd;w ,isQu;fl;F gzp fpilf;Fk; tiuapy; jpq;fs;NjhWk; gz cjtp Gupe;J fUTw;w ghitau;f;F fUizj; njhif Mwhapuk;; fye;jha;T KiwapdpNy ,l khw;wk; MrpupaUf;F KjpNahu; cjtpj; njhif NkYk; mjpfupg;G Kjy; fl;lkhf %d;W yl;rk; NgUf;F Ntiy tha;g;G cldbahf GJg;gpj;J cotu;> Efu;Nthiu tho;tpj;J Cjpak;> ciog;NghUf;F cau;j;jp> Cf;fg;gLj;jp Nghjpa gad;fsidj;Jk; kionadg; nghope;jjhNy ,e;j Ml;rpf;F mq;fPfhuk; mspf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gJ Nghd;Nw rhl;rpf;F kf;fSk; kioahf nghope;Js;shu; ntw;wpfis..

Mdhy; jpKf $l;lzpapd; ntw;wpf;Ff;  fiyQH mLf;Fk; fhuzq;fist tpl NtW Kf;fpa fhuzk; xd;W ,Uf;fpwJ. mJjhd; jpKf $l;lzpg; gyk; MFk;.

 

jkpofj;jpy; $l;lzpf; fl;rpfspd; gyk; ,y;yhky; ve;j fl;rpAk; ntw;wp ngw KbahJ vd;gij kJiu ,ilj;Nju;jy; kw;Wk; cs;shl;rp NjHjy; KbTfSk; vz;gpf;fpd;wd. $l;lzpf; fl;rpfspd; jaT ,y;yhky; vk;[pMH kl;LNk (1977) ntw;wp ngw;whu;. me;j rhjidia ahuhYk; kpQ;r KbahJ. mJ mtUf;F kl;Lk; nrhe;jkhdJ. me;j tuyhw;iw cilf;ff; $ba fl;rpfs; vJTk; ,d;W  ,y;iy.  jd;id “fUg;G vk;[pMH” vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L "kf;fSld; $l;lzp' vd;w Kof;fj;Jld; Nju;jiy re;jpj;j NjjpKf jiytu; tp[afhe;j;J ,dpNky; jdpj;J Nghl;bapl;L ntw;wp ngw KbahJ vd;gij NjHjy; KbTfs; fl;bak; $Wfpd;wd.

 

NjHjypy; ntd;wtHfs; guzp ghLtJk; Njhw;w;tHfs; Kfhup ghLtJk; ,aw;if.


ntw;wpf;F vj;jidNah NgH nrhe;jk; nfhz;lhLthHfs;. Mdhy; Njhy;tp mdhij Nghd;wJ. ahUk; fz;L nfhs;skhl;lhHfs;.

 

cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; mjpKf re;jpj;j gL Njhy;tp mjpKf nghJr;nrayH “Gul;rpj; jiytp” n[ayypjhtpw;Fg; gyj;j Nrhjidahf mike;J tpl;lJ. mjpKf tpy; ,Ue;J Kd; vg;nghOJk; ,y;yhjthW fl;rpj; jhty;fs; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd.

Nju;jy; gzpf;fhf mjpKf jiyik rhu;gpy; mDg;gg;gl;l Kd;dhs; mikr;ru;fs; "FS FS' Xl;ly; miwfspy; jq;fpapUe;jhu;fNs jtpu fsg; gzpf;Fr; nrd;W MSq;fl;rpapdUf;F ,izahf <L nfhLj;Jg; gzpahw;wtpy;iy vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. mjw;F MSq; fl;rpapdUk; mDkjpf;fTk; ,y;iy. vk;[pMH tpRthrpfs; Gwf;fzpg;G> fl;rpapy; xU Fwpg;gpl;l (fs;sH) rhjpapduJ Nkyhz;ik Nju;jy; Njhy;tpf;F Kf;fpa fhuzq;fs; vd mjpKf jug;gpy; $wg;gLfpwJ.

 

n[ayypjh vk;[pMuhy; murpaYf;Ff; nfhz;L tug;gl;ltH. vLj;j vLg;gpNyNa mjpKf tpd; nfhs;if gug;Gr; nrayhsuhf epakpf;fg;gl;lhH. mtuJ ftHr;rpiaf; fhl;b thf;Ffis ngw epidj;j vk;[pMH mjpKf Nkilfspy; jdf;Fg; gf;fj;jpy; Nghlg;gLk; xNu ehw;fhypapy; cl;fhu itj;jhH.

 

1989 ,y; jdpj;Jj; NjHjiy re;jpj;jNghJ  n[ayypjh Njhw;Wg; NghdhH. Mdhy; 1991 ,y; ,uh[Pt; fhe;jp nfhiy vOg;gpa mDjhg miyfisg; gad;gLj;jp me;j Mz;L ele;j NjHjypy; ntw;wpngw;W Ml;rp mikj;jhH. Mdhy; mLj;J te;j NjHjypy; (1996) Njhw;Wg; NghdhH. gpd;dH fhq;fpu];> ,uz;L fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpfs;> ghkf Nghd;w fl;rpfNshL $l;lzp itj;Jg; Nghl;bapl;L kPz;Lk; Ml;rpf;F te;jhH.

 

jdJ NjHjy; ntw;wpf;Ff; fhuzk; tPjpNahuj;jpy; NfhtzKk; ,y;yhJ fple;j ,uh[pt; fhe;jp fhuzk; ,y;iy vd;W khHjl;bdhH. gpd;dH 2006 Nk ,y; gykhd $l;lzp ,y;yhJ NjHjiyr; re;jpj;j NghJ mtuJ fl;rp Njhw;Wtpl;lJ.

 

,g;NghJ kJiu ,ilj; NjHjy; kw;Wk; cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; mjpKfTf;F Vw;gl;l gLNjhy;tp “vy;yhNk mk;kh! mk;kh ,y;yhtpl;lhy; vy;yhNk Rk;kh” vd;w gbkj;ij cilj;J tpl;lJ.

 

nrj;j ehapypUe;J foYk; cz;zp Nghy mjpKf tpd; Kf;fpa jiytHfs; ntspNawp tUfpwhHfs;. Kd;dhs; rl;lrig jiytH Nrlg;gl;b Kj;ijah> Kd;dhs; fy;tp mikr;rH rp. muq;fehafk;>  Kd;dhs; mikr;rH ,e;jpuFkhup> Kd;dhs; mikr;rH ,d;gj;jkpod;> n[ayypjh Nguit Jizg; nghJr; nrayhsUk; kJiu Nkw;F vk;vy;V v];tp rz;Kfk; Nghd;NwhH jpKf tpy; jQ;rk; mile;J tpl;lhHfs;. mjpKf tpd; Kjy; (1973)  ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdH khaj; NjtH NjjpKf ,y; ,ize;J tpl;lhH. ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; jPptpu vk;[pMH tpRthrpfs; MtH.

 

mjpKf tpd; Kd;dhs; mikr;rHfs; tPRk; nghJthd Fw;wr;rhl;L xd;W ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ n[ayypjh jq;fis kjpg;gjpy;iy> mtkhdg;gLj;JthH vd;gNj. Kd;dhs; mikr;rH muq;fehafk; ,g;gbj;jhd; Gyk;GfpwhH. Kd;dhs; mikr;rH ,d;gj;jkpod; “ehd; mikr;ruhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy mbikahf ,Ue;Njd;” vd;fpwhH.

 

Kd;dhs; nrd;id kheuhl;rp Kjy;tH fuhj;Nj jpahfuhrdpd; xg;ghupAk; mJjhd;.

 

 “n[ayypjhitg; nghWj;j kl;by; rhT tPl;by; khg;gps;isahfTk; ,Uf;f Mirg;gLthH. tpsk;guKk; nr;ajpAk; mtiuj; jtpu NtW ahUilaJk; tuf;$lhJ vd;W epidg;gtH. <T ,uf;fkw;wtH n[ayypjh> mikr;rHfis vy;yhk; thlh> Nghlh> vd;W kupahij ,y;yhky; NgRthH. 32 Nfhbapy; nrd;id khefuhl;rpapy; G+q;fhf;fs; mikf;fg;gl;ld. mtw;wpd; jpwg;G tpohTf;F ve;j cWg;gpdHfSf;Fk; miog;G tpLf;ff; $lhJ vd;whH. vd;idAk; tpohtpw;F tuf; $lhJ vd;whH. jdf;Fg; gpbf;fhjtHfs; kPJ Fz;lH rl;lk; VTtJ> fQ;rh tof;Fg; NghLtJ mtuJ Ntiy” vd;fpwhH. 

 

n[ayypjh “,l;yH” Nghd;W xU rHthjpfhup. rfy mjpfhuq;fisAk; mtH ifapy; itj;Js;shH. njhz;lHfs; rup jiytHfs; rup mtiu mz;l KbahJ. mtUf;Ff; $Lk; $l;lk; fl;rpj; jiytHfshy; mioj;J tug;gLgtHfNs. vk;[pMUf;Ff; $Lk; $l;lk; mg;gbay;y. mtHfs; jhkhfNt tUgtHfs;. vk;[pMUf;F  ,Ue;j ftHr;rp n[ayypjhtplk; ,y;iy. ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;il   n[ayypjhtpd; vjpupfs; Kd;itf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; vk;[pMiutpl n[ayypjh ey;y epUthfp vdg; gyH kjpg;gpLfpwhHfs;. 

 

jdJ vjpupfis xUikapy; jpl;LtJ n[ayypjhTf;Ff; if te;j fiy. New;W tp[afhe;j; kPJ gha;e;jpUf;fpwhH. “,uT gfy; NtWghbd;wp jpde;NjhWk; Fb Nghijapy; kpje;J tUgtu;.  mtu; vd;iwf;Fk; vk;[pMu; Mfptpl KbahJ” vd  ebfUk; NjKjpf jiytUkhd tp[afhe;ij n[ayypjh fLikahf rhbAs;shu;.

 

vJ vg;gbapUg;gpDk; n[ayypjhit ahUk; murpay; fsj;jpy; ,Ue;J vspjpy; mfw;wptpl KbahJ. vk;[pMUf;F kf;fsplk; ,Ue;j mgupkpjkhd MjuTf;F vd;d fhuzk; vd;gJ ,d;Wk; kHkkhfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. mtiutpl rpwe;j ebfH rpth[p fNzrd; murpaypy; <Lgl;L gL Njhy;tp mile;jhH.

 

vk;[pMH NghyNt %lek;gpf;ifapd; nkhj;j cUtkhd n[ayypjhTf;F ,Ue;J tUk;; MjuTf;Fk; vd;d fhuzk; vd;gJ njupahky; ,Uf;fpwJ. (gugug;G - xf;NjhgH 23>2006)

 


 

rhl;rpf;fhud; fhypy; tpOtij tpl rz;ilf;fhud; fhypy; tpOtJ Nky;!.

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\; jdJ ,uhZtk; ,uhf; jPtputhjpfshy; ehshe;jk; nfhy;yg;gLtij tpl me;j jPtputhjpfSf;F MjuTk; MAjKk; toq;Fk; rpupah kw;Wk; ,uhd; ehLfspd; fhypy; tpo Kaw;rp nra;fpwhH.

 

Nrw;wpy; fhiy tpl;ltd; fijahf mnkupf;fh ,uhf;fpy; khl;Lg;gl;Ls;sJ. xt;nthU ehSk; nghJNkdp 3 mnkupf;f gilapdH nfhy;yg;gLfpwhHfs;. ,e;jf; fpoik kl;Lk; 10 gilapdH nfhy;yg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,tHfspy; 4 NgH tPjpNahuf; Fz;L ntbg;gpy; gypahdtHfs;. NkYk; 3 NgH gf;jhj;Jf;F tlf;fpy; cs;s bahyh (Diyala) khfhzj;jpYk; vQ;rpatHfs; ,uhf;fpd; ntt;NtW gFjpfspy; jPtputhjpfs; Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjypy; nfhy;yg; gl;ltHfs; MtH.

 

,e;j khjk; (xf;NjhgH) Kjy; 19 ehs;fspy; 71 mnkupf;f gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;sdH.  rdtup 2005 f;Fg; gpwF Vw;gl;l kpf mjpf vz;zpf;if nfhz;l ,ogG ,JthFk;. ,uhf;fpy; ,we;j mnkupf;fg; gilapdupd; vz;zpf;if 2>787 MFk;. 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ,uhf;fpy; nfhiyAz;l gilapdH

 

    mnkupf;fh   -  2>787

    gpupj;jhdpah  -   119

    ,j;jhyp     -    33

    cf;fpNud;    -    18

    Nghye;J     -    17

    Vidait    -    46

    ,uhf;fpa gil  -  4>900 – 6>378

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gf;jhj; kw;Wk; efuq;fspy; ntbj;Js;s Rd;dp - \pah gpupTfSf;F ,ilapyhd Nkhjy;fisj; jLf;f mnkupf;f gilapdH Kay;tNj ,og;Gf;fs; mjpfupg;gjw;Ff;  fhuzk; vd;fpwhHfs;.

 

mnkupf;f gil ,uhf;fpy; re;jpj;J tUk; Ms; ,og;Gf;fs; Nth\pq;ldpy; #lhd tpthjj;ij cUthf;fpAs;sJ. ,og;Gf;fisj; jtpHf;f Gjpa cj;jpfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; gw;wp tpthjk; eilngWfpwJ.

 

Rd;dp gpuptpdUf;F vjpuhf \pah gpuptpdiug; ngUk;ghd;ikahff; nfhz;l fhty;JiwNa jhf;Fjy;fis elj;JfpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs; vOe;Js;sd. ,jdhy; Rd;dp jPtputhjpfs; \pah gpuptpdH kw;Wk; fhty;Jiw ,uz;ilAk; ,yf;F itj;Jj; jhf;FfpwhHfs;. .

 

xt;nthU ehSk; 100 f;Fk; mjpfkhd ,uhf;fpa nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg; gLfpwhHfs;. mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l Mf;fpukpg;Gg; NghH fhuzkhf ,Jtiu 655>000 NgH ,we;J gl;Ls;shHfs; vd xU Ma;T njuptpf;fpwJ! ,J ,uhf;fpd; nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 2 ½ tpOf;fhlhFk;!

,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd mnkupf;fg; gilapdupd; NghH tpal;ehik epidT gLj;Jtjhf gy mnkupf;f murpay; Ma;thsHfs; epidf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j xg;gPl;il ,g;NghJ NahH[; G\; mtHfSk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;shH. ,uhf;fpy; mnkupf;fhtpw;F vjpuhd jhf;Fjy;fs; mjpfupg;gJ mnkupf;fh tpal;ehkpy; mDgtpj;j frg;ghd mDgtq;fis epidT+l;Ltjhf G\; nrhy;fpwhH.

Vgprp nra;jpj; njhiyf;fhl;rpf;F nrt;tp nfhLj;j G\;\plk; “xU nra;jpj;jhspd; ge;jpahsH ,uhf;fpy; eilngWk; Nghiu tpal;ehkpy; eilngw;w nul; jhf;FjNyhL  (Tet offensive) xg;gp;l;L vOjpapUf;fpwhH> ,e;j xg;gPL rupah?” vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;Fg; gjpyspj;j G\; “mJ rupahf ,Uf;fyhk;” vdg; gjpy; mspj;jhH. ,e;jg; gjpy; ,uhf; Nghupy; xU jpUg;G Kidahf ,Ug;gjhfg; ghHitahsHfs; fUJfpwhHfs;.

nul; jhf;Fjy; rdtup 31> 1968 ,y; njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;j ehs; tpal;ehk; kf;fspd; Gj;jhz;L kw;Wk; Kf;fpa tpLKiw ehSk; MFk;. nkhj;jk; 5 Kf;fpa efuq;fs; 36 khfhz jiyefuq;fs; xNu Neuj;jpy; tpal; nfhq; nfupy;yhf;fspdhy; jhf;fg;gl;ld. mg;NghJ tpal;ehkpy; mnkupf;fg; gilapd; vz;zpf;if 580>000 Mf ,Ue;jJ.  

jhf;Fjy; rpy fpoikfs; ePbj;jd. ,uhZt mbg;gilapy; me;jj; jhf;Fjy; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ. ,Ue;Jk; me;jj; jhf;Fjy; tpal;nfhq; nfupyhg; gilapdUf;F xU jhHkPf ntw;wpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jJ. cstpay;  mbg;gilapy; Nghiu ntd;Wtpl;Nlhk; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUe;j mnkupf;fhtpw;Fk; mjd; Ner ehLfSf;Fk; ngupa ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jpaJ.

,jdhy; NghUf;F vjpuhf mnkupf;f kf;fsJ fUj;Jj; jpUk;gpaJ.

Ml;rpj;jiytH ypd;ld; Nahd;rdJ (Lyndon Johnson) nry;thf;F tPo;r;rp mile;jJ.

khHr;R khjj;jpy; eilngw ,Ue;j NjHjypy; ,Ue;J jdJ Ntl;G kDit Nahd;rd; jpUg;gpg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhH.

“me;jg; ge;jpahsH vOjpaJ (,uhf; ,d;ndhU tpal;ehk;) rupahf ,Uf;fyhk;. ,uhf;fpy; td;Kiw mjpfupj;jpUg;gJ cz;ikNa. ehq;fs; xU NjHjYf;F Kfk;nfhLf;f ,Uf;fpNwhk;” vd G\; nrhd;dhH. mtH Fwpg;gpl;l NjHjy; fhq;fpu]; kw;Wk; Nky;rigf;F vjpHtUk; nehntk;gupy; eilngw ,Uf;fpw ,ilf; fhyj; NjHjyhFk;.

nts;is khspif NahH[; G\;\pd; $w;iw tpsf;f Kide;jJ. “G\; xg;gpl;Lr; nrhd;dJ nul; jhf;Fjypd; NghJ nra;ag;gl;l gug;Giu gw;wpaJ MFk;. Ml;rpj;jiytH Kd;dH nrhd;dijj;jhd; ,g;NghJk; nrhd;dhH – vjpup vq;fsJ kNdhgyj;ijf; Fiyf;fg; ghHf;fpwhd;” vd;whH nts;is khspifapd; Ngr;rhsH Dana Perino.

,d;ndhU Kiw “my; nfha;jh jPtputhjpfs; ,uhf;fpy; ,g;NghJk; Jbg;NghL ,aq;FfpwhHfs;.  mtHfs; mnkupf;fg; gilapdiuf; nfhy;y kl;Lky;y cl;fl;rp td;KiwiaAk; Jhz;b tUfpwhHfs;. mtHfs; epidf;fpwhHfs; ,uhf;fpy; Fog;gj;ij Vw;gLj;jpdhy; mnkupf;f kf;fs; ,uhf; eltbf;iff;F  vjpuhfj; jpUk;gp mq;fpUe;J gilfis kPsg;ngw muRf;F mOj;jk; nfhLg;ghHfs;” vd G\; Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

mz;ikapy; ntspte;j fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gf;fs; G\;\pd; FbauRf; fl;rp mLj;j khjk; (nehntk;gH 7) eilngw ,Uf;Fk; NjHjypy; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;L kf;fshl;rpf; fl;rp ngUk;ghd;ik ,lq;fisg; gpbf;Fk; vd vjpH $Wfpd;wd. rpvd;vd; elj;jpa fUj;Jf; fzpg;G 64 tpOf;fhL kf;fs; ,uhf; NghUf;F vjpuhd Nghf;iff; nfhz;Ls;shHfs; vdj; njuptpf;fpwJ.  NjHjy; KbT G\; mtHfSf;Fg; ghjfkhf KbAk; gl;rj;jpy; mtH xU nehz;b Ml;rpj;jiytuhf ,Uf;f NeupLk;. mjid G\; vg;ghL gl;Lk; jtpHf;f epidf;fpwhH.

“vjpup ntw;wp my;yJ Njhy;tpia vj;jid NgH rhfpwhHfs; vd;gijf; fzf;Fg; gHj;Jj; jPHkhdpf;fpwhd;. ehd; ntw;wp Njhy;tpia kj;jpa fpof;fpy; kf;fshl;rp vt;tsT Jhuk; Nt&d;WfpwJ vd;gij itj;Jj; jPHkhdpf;fpNwd;. ehd; nghWikNahL ,Uf;fpNwd;. Mdhy; ehd; vg;NghJk; nghWikNahL ,Uf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy….vkJ eltbf;if  fbdk; vd;gJ vdf;F tpsq;FfpwJ. Md fhuzj;jhy; ehd; mnkupf;f kf;fSf;Fr; nrhy;fpNwd; ehq;fs; (,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J) Xbtplkhl;Nlhk;” vd;fpwhH G\;. 

,uhf; rpf;fiy mtpo;g;gjw;F ,uhd; kw;Wk; rpupah Mfpa ehLfsJ cjtpiag; ngwNtz;Lk; vd;w Nahridia Kd;itf;fpwtH Nak;]; Ngf;fH MthH. ,tH NahH[; G\;\pd; je;ijahH fhyj;jpy; mur jpizf;fsr; nrayuhf ,Ue;jtH. mtuJ mwpf;ifapd; rpy $Wfs; ,e;jf; fpoik mnkupf;f Clfq;fspy; frpe;jpUf;fpwJ.

me;j mwpf;ifapd; ruhk;rk;  “mnkupf;fh ,uhf;if tpl;L epge;jidaw;w Kiwapy; ntspNawptpl Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd; ,uhf; rpf;fiy mnkupf;fh ntWf;Fk; mz;il ehLfshd ,uhd; kw;Wk; rpupah mtpo;j;Jf; nfhs;sl;lk;” vd;gjhFk;.

 

Nak;]; Ngf;fH jiyikapyhd Mizak;  jdJ KO mwpf;ifia nehntk;gH 7 ,y; eilngw ,Uf;Fk; NjHjYf;Fg; gpd;dNu ntspaplg; NghfpwJ. Ngf;fH mnkupf;fg; gil ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J gbg; gbahfg; gpd;thq;f Ntz;Lk; vdg; gupe;Jiu nra;ayhk; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

 

,e;jf; fpoikj; njhlf;fj;jpy; ngd;lfd; xd;Wf;Fk; cjthj ,uhf; gpujkH Ehup my; - khypf;if  gjtpapy; ,Ue;J mfw;wptplg; Nghtjhf tje;jpfs; Nth\pq;ldpy; cyh te;jd. khypf;Fg; gjpy; Nth\pq;ld; xU rf;jp tha;e;j Misj; NjLtjhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; G\; njhiyNgrpapy; khypf;if mioj;J mg;gb vJTk; eilngwhJ vd mtuplk; njuptpj;jhH. 

 

,Ue;Jk; FbauR Nkw;rig cWg;gpdH Nahd; Nthzupd; (Republican Senator John Warner)  Ngr;R ,e;j tje;jpfis nka;g;gpg;gJNghy mike;jpUf;fpwJ. ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J mnkupf;fg; gilfis xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhy vy;iyf;Fs; jpUg;gpg; ngwg;gl  Ntz;Lk; mNj rkak; ,uhf;if %d;W muRfshfg; gpupf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj mtuJ NahridahFk;. FHjp\; kf;fSf;F Vw;fdNt Rahl;rp ,Uf;fpwJ. Rd;dpfSf;F kj;jpa ,uhf;ifAk; \pahf;fSf;F njd; ,uhf;ifAk; nfhLj;J tplyhk;. ,uhf;if MW khfhzq;fshfg; gpupf;Fk; NahridAk; cs;sJ.

 

mnkupf;fhtpy; cs;s xt;nthU rpe;jid tl;lKk; ,uhf;fpd; vjpHfhyk; gw;wp  tpthjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. 

,g;NghJ gpupj;jhdpahtpd; gpujkH Nuhdp gpNsaUk; ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J gpupj;jhdpag; gilfs; tpyfpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; mq;F njhlHe;J ,Ug;gJ vjpHTzHTfisj; Jhz;lNt cjTfpwJ vdg; gilj; jsgjp Sir Richard Dannatt  $wpa fUj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ Nghyg; NgrpapUf;fpwhH. gpupj;jhdpa gilapdH jhq;fs; Njitapy;yhj xU Nghupy; <Lgl;bUg;gjhf epidf;fpwhHfshk;.

mnkupf;f – gpupj;jhdpa Mf;fpukpg;gpdhy; ,uhf;Ff;F Vw;gl;l ,og;ig mstpLtJ Rygky;y. nghJthf cs;ehl;Lg; NghH mq;F eilngWk; capH ,og;Gf;fisAk; kf;fs; ,lg;ngaHitAk; itj;Nj mstplg;gLfpwJ.

 

NkNy $wpathW ,uhf;fpy; ,Jtiu ,we;j nghJkf;fspd; njhif 655>000 vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. VjpypfSf;fhd ma;ad;dh caH MizahsH ,uhf;fpy; ,e;j Mz;L kl;Lk; 350>000 kf;fs; Vjpypfshf;fg; gl;lhHfs; vdj; njuptpj;Js;shH.  xt;nthU ehSk; 2>000 NgH rpupah vy;iyiaf; flf;fpwhHfs;. njhopy;rhH tFg;gpdH NahHlhd; ehl;Lf;F Xbtpl;lhHfs;. 

 

,uhf;fpy; kpd;rhuk; ehnshd;Wf;F 4 kzpj;jpahyNk toq;fg;gLfpwJ. fhty;Jiwapd; rPUilia ahUk; ek;GtJ fpilahJ. ,uhZtk; xU ,lj;Jf;F tUfpwJ vd;why; mq;F gLnfhiyfs; ,lk;ngWk; vd;w vjpHghHg;G tof;fkhfp tpl;lJ. ghJfhg;ig ,uhf; ,uhZtj;jplk; ifaspj;Jtpl;Nlhk; vd mnkupf;fh nrhy;tJ Nfypf;$j;jhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,uhf; ehl;Lf;F cs;spUe;J ntspapy; tUk; Gydha;Tj; jfty;fs; me;j ehL “nray;glhj “ ehL vd;gijj;jhd; fhl;LfpwJ. .

mnkupf;fhtplk; xU Kf;fpa gyk; ,Uf;fpwJ. NghFk; ghij jtnwd;why;  ,ilapy; mij khw;wpf; nfhs;Sk; ty;yikjhd; me;jg; gyk; MFk;. %d;W Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH mnkupf;fh ngha;iar; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L NghUf;Fg; NghdJ. me;jg; NghH ,d;W Kw;whf Njhy;tp fz;Ltpl;lJ. NghH gw;wpa mnkupf;f kf;fsJ fUj;njhw;Wik rpijAz;L NghdJ.

 

,e;jg; gpd;Gyj;jpy; mnkupf;fh xU Gjpa muir mikf;f ,uhd; kw;Wk; rpupahtpd; cjtpia ehl Ntz;Lk; vdr; rpe;jpg;gJ cz;ikapNyNa tpaf;fj;jf;f rpe;jidjhd;.

 

jd;dplk; ,Uf;Fk; gil gyk; Maj gyk; ,tw;iwf; nfhz;L ,uhf;if vspjhfj; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L tuyhk; vd mnkupf;fh Nghl;l fzf;F Kw;whfg; gpioj;J tpl;lJ. mnkupf;fh xU ty;yurhf ,Ue;jhYk; mjd; gyj;Jf;F xU vy;iy cz;L.

 

xU ehL ,d;ndhU ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;J mjidj; jdJ gpbf;Fs; nfhz;L tUtJ ,ayhj xd;whFk;. jpgj; ehL tpjp tpyf;fhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

 

Kjiy jz;zPUf;Fs; thOk; capupdk;. mJ jz;zPUf;Fs; ,Uf;F kl;Lk; ve;j tpyq;Fk; mjid nty;y KbahJ. Mdhy; mJ jz;zPiu tpl;L ntspapy; te;jhy; eha;$l mjidg; gpbj;Jf; nfhd;W tpLk;.

 

mnkupf;fh ,e;j Kjiy NghyTk; ,uhf; eha; NghyTk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ehaplk; ,Ue;J jg;gp Xl mnkupf;fh KbT nra;Jtpl;lJ. mjw;fhf ,uhd; kw;Wk; rpupahtpd; cjtpia ehlg; NghfpwJ. rhl;rpf;fhud; fhypy; tpOtij tpl rz;ilf;fhud; fhypy; tpOtJ Nky; vd G\; epidf;fpwhH! (cyfj;jkpoH - xf;NjhgH>2006)

 


 

 

 

ehY tapj;jpaUk; ,dpNky; ek;Gtjw; fpy;iy nad;whH!

 

ghYk; fre;j jb! rfpNa!

     gLf;if nehe;j jb!

Nfhyf; fpsp nkhopAk; - nrtpapy;

Fj;j nyLj;j jb!

ehY tapj;jpaUk; ,dpNky;

ek;Gtjw; fpy;iy nad;whH

ghyj;Jr; NrhrpaDk; - fpufk;

gLj;J nkd;W tpl;lhd;!

 

kfhftp ghujpahupd; ftpij tupfs; tp.Gypfs; - =yq;fh muR ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;L ,g;NghJ gLf;ifapy; Fw;WapUk; FiwAapUkha;f; fplf;Fk; NghHepWj;j cld;ghl;il epidT gLj;JfpwJ!

 

ehY tapj;jpaUk; ,dpNky; ek;Gtjw;F ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;yptpl;l  epiyapy;> NrhrpaDk; fpufk; iftpupj;J tpl;lJ vd;w epiyapy; gLf;ifapy; Fw;WapUk; FiwAapUkha;f; fplf;Fk; NghH epWj;j cld;ghl;Lf;F capHf;fhw;Wf; nfhLf;f ag;ghdpa rpwg;Gj; JhJtH aR\p mfh\p (Yasushi Akashi) mnkupf;f Jizr; nrayH wpr;rhl; gTr;rH (Richard Boucher) kw;Wk; NehHNt rpwg;Gj; JhJtH `d;nrd; NghtH (Jon Hanssen-Bauer) nfhOk;Gf;F tUfpwhHfs;.

 

,tHfspy; mfh\p nrd;w Qhapw;Wf;fpoikNa nfhOk;G te;J NrHe;J tpl;lhH. te;j ifNahL Ml;rpj; jiytH kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr kw;Wk; =yq;fh - n[dpth  Ngr;RtHj;ijf; FOtpd; jiytH mikr;rH epkhy; b rpy;th MfpNahNuhL Ngr;R thHj;ij elj;jpAs;shH. ,jid mLj;J tof;fk; Nghy; fpspnehr;rpf;Fk; ahj;jpiu Ngha; tp.Gypfspd; murpay; nghWg;ghsH Rg. jkpo;;r;nry;tidr; re;jpj;Jg; Ngr ,Uf;fpwhH. tp.Gypfs; jiytH gpughfuidr; re;jpf;f tha;g;Gf; Nfl;l Mfh\papd; Ntz;LNfhs; ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf tp.Gypfshy; epuhfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. =yq;fhtpw;F mfh\p ,NjhL 13 Kiw tUif je;Js;shH. wpr;Nrl; gTr;rH xf;NjhgH 19 – 20 ,y; tu ,Uf;fpwhH. ,e;j %tUk; ,jw;F Kd;dH ,yq;iff;F gy jlit te;J NghdtHfs;jhd;!

 

tp.Gypfs; - =yq;fh muR ,U jug;Gf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,lk; ngWk; Ngr;R thHj;ij njhlHghf ntspehl;Lj; JhJtHfs; rpwg;Gj; JhJtHfs; ,yq;iff;F fhtb NghtJ fhyk; fhykhf ele;J tUfpwJ. rk;ge;jg;gl;ltHfisr; re;jpj;J tpl;L nra;jpahsHfSf;F nrt;tp nfhLg;gJk; Gifg;glg;gpbahsHfSf;F “Ngh];” nfhLg;gJk; gpd;dH mwpf;if tpLtJk; tof;fkhd rq;fjpfNs. ,jpy; ve;jg; GJikAk; ,y;iy.

 

ftiy vd;dntd;why; ,tHfsJ tUiffshy; ve;jg; gaDk; ,Ug;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. ,tHfs; VNjh Rw;WyhTf;F te;J NghFk; Rw;Wyhg; gazpfs; Nghy; te;J tpl;Lg; Ngha; tpLfpwhHfs;!

 

fle;j xf;NjhgH 11 Mk; ehs; =yq;fh ,uhZtKk; thd;gilAk; kpfg; ngupa vLg;gpy; tp.Gypfspd; Kfkhiy> vSJkl;Lths;> ehfHNfhapy;> Kd;duq;f ghJfhg;G Ntypfis CLUtp type;j  jhf;Fjiy Nkw;nfhz;ld. ,e;jj; jhf;Fjypy; =yq;fh ,uhZtj;jpd; 53 gpupT <LgLj;jg;gl;lJ. ,jpy; ,lk;tpl;L ,lk;ngauf;$ba gpupNfl; kw;Wk; 533 MtJ jiug;gilAk; (Air Mobile Brigade and 533 Infantry Brigade) mlq;Fk;. 55 gilg; gpupT gpd;duq;fpy; cjtpf;F epWj;jp itf;fg;gl;lbUe;jJ. 

 

,uhZtj;ij cs;Ns Eioatpl;Lj; jq;fSf;F rhjfkhd ,lj;jpy; ngl;bfl;b vjpHj;jhf;Fjiy tp. Gypfs; Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;.  tp.Gypfspd; ,e;j vjpHj;jhf;Fjypy; ,uhZtk; gyj;j capH ,og;Gf;fisAk; MAj jsghl ,og;Gf;fisAk; re;jpj;jJ. gTj;j - rpq;fs Ngupdthjj;jpd; CJFoyhd ma;yd;l; (The Island) ehNsL; ,e;j ,og;Gf;fisg; gl;bay; ,l;L mohf; Fiwahf nra;jp (xf;NjhgH 14) ntspapl;lJ.

Kfkhiyapy; ele;j ,U kzpNeu cf;fpukhd rz;ilapy; =yq;fh ,uhZtk; -

  6 Aj;j ftr thfdq;fs;
  4 nrf;NfhNyhNtf;fpa up-555 jhq;fpfs;
  2 cUrpa jahupg;G gp.vk;.gp.fs;

Mfpatw;iw ,oe;jJ. NkYk;  %d;W Kd;dzp gilazpfisr; NrHe;j 130 Ngu; nfhy;yg;gl;ldu;. 300 f;Fk; Nkw;gl;Nlhu; gLfhakile;jdH.

,e;jj; jhf;Fjy; ,ufrpak; tp.GypfSf;F Kd;dNu frpe;J tpl;lJ vd;W ma;yd;l; ehNsL mq;fyha;j;jhYk; cz;ik mJ md;W.  jhf;Fjypy; ve;j ,ufrpaKk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mJ tp. Gypfs; cl;gl vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupe;j ,ufrpakhfNt ,Ue;jJ. 

=yq;fh ,uhZtj;jpd; type;j jhf;Fjy; gw;wp NehHNt rpwg;Gj; JhJtH `d;nrd; NghtH mtHfSf;F murpay;Jiwg; nghWg;ghsu; Rg. jkpo;r;nry;td; xf;NjhgH 7 Mk; jpfjp xU mtruf; fbjj;ijj; mDg;gpapUe;jhu;. mjpy; ghupa gilnaLg;G xd;Wf;F =yq;fh ,uhZtk; jpl;lkpLtjhfTk; mjidj; jLj;J epWj;JkhWk; jkpo;r;nry;td; Nfl;bUe;jhH. =yq;fh muR tp.GypfsJ Fw;wr;rhl;il kWj;jJ. ghJfhg;igf; fhuzk; fhl;b =yq;fh ,uhZtk; Kd;duq;fg; NghHKidf;F fz;fhzpg;Gf; FO nry;tjw;F mDkjp mspf;f kWj;Jtpl;lJ.

mLj;j ehs; (xf;NjhgH 8) jkpoH Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; ehlhSkd;wf; FO rhHghf khit Nrdhjpuhrh nra;jp mwpf;if thapyhf gd;dhl;L r%fj;jpw;F xU Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jpUe;jhH. mjpy; =yq;fh muR Nkw;nfhs;Sk; ,uhZt jhf;Fjy;fisAk; NghH Maj;jq;fisAk; jLj;jp epWj;jp mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;fhd #oiy cUthf;FkhW Nfl;bUe;jhH. NkYk;  =yq;fh ,uhZtj;jpd; type;j ,uhZtj; jhf;Fjy;fs; NghH epWj;j xg;ge;jj;Jf;F Kw;wpYk; Kuzhf ,Ug;gjhfTk; Rl;bf; fhl;bdhH.

 

nrg;njg;gH 12 ,y; gpwry]; efupy; $ba ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; tp.GypfSk; =yq;fh muRk; jhf;Fjy;fis epWj;jp epge;jidaw;w Kiwapy; kPz;Lk; Ngr;RthHj;ij Nkirf;F tu ,zf;fk; njuptpj;jpUg;gij tuNtw;W mwpf;if ntspapl;lijAk; epidT gLj;jpdhH.

 

Mdhy; tp.GypfSk; jkpoH Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; ehlhSkd;wf; FOTk; tpLj;j Ntz;LNfhs;fs; nrtpld; fhjpy; Cjpa rq;fhfg; Ngha;tpl;ld.

 

,uhZtj;  jhf;Fjy;fisNah> NghUf;fhd ,uhZtj;jpd; Maj;jq;fisNah jLj;J epWj;j NehHNtAk; rup> ,izj; jiyik ehLfSk; rup jtwptpl;ld.

NehHNtiag; nghWj;jstpy; ,e;j mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij Kaw;rp FUtp jiyapy; gdk;gok; itj;j fijNghyj; njupfpwJ.

 

,e;j ehLfs; epidj;jpUe;jhy;> Fwpg;ghf ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; epidj;jpUe;jhy; mjw;fhd mOj;jq;fis =yq;fh muR kPJ Nkw;nfhz;bUf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mg;gb vJTk; nra;ag;gltpy;iy.

 

ehd; mbf;fpw khjpup mbf;fpNwd; eP mOfpw khjpup mO vd;gJ NghyNt ,e;j ehLfs; ele;J nfhs;fpd;wd.

 

xU eha; ,d;ndhU ehiag; ghHj;Jg; gykhff; Fiuf;Fk;. Mdhy; mjidf; nfhd;W  jpd;dhJ. ,e;j ehLfSk; ehiag; NghyNt ele;J nfhs;fpd;wd.

 

,e;j tbtpy; n[dpthtpy; eilngw ,Uf;Fk; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijfspy; fye;J nfhs;sg; Nghtjhy; vd;d gyd; fpilf;fg; NghfpwJ? Fwpg;ghf n[dpth1 ,y; vLf;fg;gl;l jPHkhdk; nry;yhf; fhrhfptpl;l epiyapy; kPz;Lk; KUf;f kuj;jpy; Ntjhsk; VWtjpdhy; vd;d ed;ik tug;NghfpwJ?

 

NkYk; n[dpthtpy; NghH epWj;j cld;ghL gw;wpg; Ngr;NrJk; ,y;iy>  Ngr;nry;yhk; 7 mbg;gilr; rpf;fy;fisg; gw;wpNa Ngrg; glNtz;Lk; vd =yq;fh muR mwptpj;Js;sJ. me;j 7 rpf;fy;fSk; vit?

 

(1) kf;fshl;rp (2) gd;Kf murpay; Kiwik (3) gd;ikthjk; (4) kdpjTupik (5) rpwhH gil (6) tlfpof;F Nkk;ghL (7) mjpfhug; guty;.

 

1. Democracy 2.Multi-party political system 3.Pluralism 4.Human rights 5.Child soldiers 6.Development of North and East 7.Devolution of power.

 

rhj;jhd; Ntjk; XJtjw;Fk; =yq;fh muR kf;fshl;rp> kdpjTupik> tlfpof;F Nkk;ghL gw;wpg; NgRtjw;Fk; VjhtJ Ntw;Wik ,Uf;fpwjh?

 

n[dpth1 ,y; =yq;fh ,uhZtj;NjhL ,aq;Fk; MAjf; FOf;fspd; MAjq;fis fisa =yq;fh muR xg;Gf; nfhz;lJ. Mdhy; me;j jPHkhdj;jpd; ik fha;tjw;F Kd;dNu mg;gbahd xU FO ,y;iy vd =yq;fh muR iftpupj;J tpl;lJ.

 

,g;NghJ khq;Nfzp - gdpr;rq;Nfzpapy; ,lk;ngw;w jhf;Fjypy; ,uhZtj;NjhL NrHe;J fUzh FO rz;il nra;jJ mk;gykhfpAs;sJ. rz;ilapy; jq;fs; jug;gpy; 8 g; NgH ,we;Jgl;lhHfs; vd;gij fUzh FONt xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

 

gdpr;rq;Nfzpr; rz;ilapy; gpbgl;l =yq;fh gilapdd;  jq;fisAk; fUzhtpd; $ypg; gilapdiuAk; NtWgLj;j gr;ir Jzpj;Jz;nlhd;iw ifapy; fUzh FOtpdH fl;bapUe;jjhfj; njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhd;.

 

,tw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf nfhOk;gpy; gzj;Jf;fhf Nkw;nfhz;l Ms;flj;jy;> nfhiyfs;> fg;gk; Mfpa midj;Jk; fUzh FOtpd; ifq;fupak; vd;gJ ,g;NghJ mk;gykhfpAs;sJ.

 

nghJkf;fs; fz;fhzpg;Gf; FOtpd; mwpf;ifapd; gb ngg;utup njhlq;fp xf;NjhgH 15 kl;Lk; nfhOk;gpy; 43 Ms;flj;jy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;sJ. MW NgH nfhiy nra;ag;gl;L tpl;lhHfs;. vl;Lg; NgH tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdH. vQ;rpa 29 NgH gw;wpa jfty; vJTk; njupatpy;iy.

 

nrg;njk;gH 28> 2006 ,y;  ,y; nfhOk;gpy; tzpfH rjhrptk; Fkhurhkpiaf; (mfit 51) flj;jpatH kl;lf;fsg;igr; NrHe;j G+ghygps;is =];fe;juhrh (mfit 28) vdj; njupate;Js;sJ. ,tH fg;gg; gzk; 25 ,yl;r &ghia Fkhurhkpapd; kfdplk; ,Ue;J thq;fpa NghJ fhty;Jiwapdhy; ifAk; nka;Akhfg; gpbf;fg;gl;lhH. fUzh FOitr; NrHe;j ,tH gy nfhiy nfhs;is fg;gk; Mfpatw;wpy; <Lgl;lij tprhuizapd; NghJ xg;Gf;nfhz;Ls;shH.

 

A+iy 7> 2006 ,y; mupajhrh]; G\;gjh]; 84> tpNtfhde;jh tPjp> nfhOk;G 13 ,y; cs;s mtuJ tPl;by; ,Ue;J es;spuT 4 MAjjhupfshy; flj;jg;gl;lhH. flj;jpatHfs; jhq;fs; Gydha;Tj; Jiwiar; NrHe;jtHfs; vd milahsk; fhl;bf; nfhz;lhHfs;. flj;jpatHfs; G\;gjhrpd; jhahH nw[pdPitj; njhiyNgrpapy; mioj;J xU Nfhb &gha; (10 kpy;ypad;) fg;gkhff; Nfl;Ls;shHfs;. nw[pdh gUj;jpj;Jiwapy; ,Ue;j jdJ tPl;il 40 ,yl;rj;Jf;F tpw;W mjidf; flj;jpatHfsplk; njkl;lnfhiltpy; A+iy 19 Mk; ehs;  xg;gilj;Js;shH. Mdhy; ,d;Wtiu G\;gjh]; tpLtpf;fg;gltpy;iy.

 

rjhrptk; Fkhurhkpiaf; flj;jpajhf xg;Gf;nfhz;l =];fe;juhrhNt jdJ kfid tpLtpf;ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l 40 ,yl;rj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltH vd  nfhl;lhQ;Nridf; fhty;Jiwf;F nw[pdh mtiu milahsk; fhl;bAs;shH.

fle;j fpoik rpwhiug; gilapy; NrHg;gijj; jLf;Fk; $l;lzp (Coalition to Stop Use of Child Soldiers (CSC) fUzh FO mur fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s ,lq;fspy; njhlHe;J rpwhHfis flj;jpg; gilapy; NrHg;gij (=yq;fh) muR fz;Lnfhs;shky; ,Uf;fpwJ vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;sJ.

 

A+dpnrt; epwtdj;jpd; mwpf;if xd;W fUzh FO rdtup njhlq;fp Mf];l; 32> 2006 tiu 118 rpwhHfisf; flj;jpAs;sjhff; $WfpwJ.

kdpjTupik Mizaj;jpd; mwpf;ifg; gb aho;g;ghz khtl;lj;jpy; Mf];l; khjj;jpy; kl;Lk; 51 NgH fhzky; NghAs;shHfs;. bnrk;gupy; ,Ue;J A+iy khjk; tiu 419 NgH fhzhky; NghAs;shHfs;!  

kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;rhNth ifg;Gz;Zf;Ff; fz;zhb NjLgtd; Nghy; flj;jy;fis tprhupf;f xU Mizf; FOit epakpj;Js;shH!

 

=yq;fhtpd; NghH ntwpiaAk; kdpjTupik kPwy;fisAk; ,izj; jiyik ehLfSk; Vida ehLfSk; fz;L nfhs;tjhf ,y;iy. ,e;j ehLfs; ntWkNd ntWk; tha; rg;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. tpjp tpyf;fhf n[Hkdp ehL kl;Lk; ,yq;iff;fhd epjp cjtpj; jpl;lq;fis Klf;Ftjhf mwptpj;Js;sJ.

 

“,yq;ifapy; mikjp Vw;glhky; vJtpj mgptpUj;jpAk; cUthfg; Nghtjpy;iy. mikjp Kaw;rpfs; kPsj; njhlq;Fk; tifapy; jkpou; gFjpfspy; nraw;gLj;jg;gl ,Ue;j 38 kpy;ypad; A+Nuh kjpg;gpyhd jpl;lq;fs; Klf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpdhy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jil nra;ag;gl;l epiyapy; jkpou; gFjpfspy; ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fshy; Kd;ida jpl;lq;fs; ghjpf;fg;gl;ld” ,t;thW n[Hkdpapd; nghUshjhu $l;LwT kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp mikr;ru; n`a;b tpf;n[hnuf; [pnahy; nts;spf;fpoik ntspapl;l mwpf;ifapy; njuptpj;Js;shH.

 

Mdhy; ,e;j epjp cjtpj; jpl;lq;fs; njd;dpyq;ifapYk; Klf;fg;gLkh vd;gJ njupatpy;iy. mg;gb ,y;yhtpl;lhy; jkpo;kf;fNs ghjpf;fg;gLthHfs;. mJ =yq;fh muRf;F kfpo;r;rpahf ,Uf;Fk;.  

n[Hkdpapd; Kd;khjpupia Vida ehLfSk; Fwpg;ghf ,izj; jiyik ehLfs;> gpd;gw;wp ,yq;iff;F toq;fg;gLk; epjpAjtpfis cldbahf epWj;j Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;jhy; kl;LNk ,yq;ifapd; ,dr; rpf;fiy mikjp topapy; jPHj;J itg;gjw;F =yq;fh muR js;sg;glyhk;. ,y;iyNay; =yq;fh muR Ngr;RthHj;ijf;Fj; jahH vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L ,dr; rpf;fYf;F xU ,uhZtj; jPHitf; fhz;gjpNyNa njhlHe;J Fwpahf ,Uf;Fk;.  (gugug;G - xf;NjhgH 17> 2006)

 


 

ahH gaq;futhjpfs;? vJ gaq;futhjk;?

 

cyfpy; ,d;W kpf mjpfkhfg; gad;ghl;by; cs;s nrhy; gaq;futhjkhFk;.

 

nrg;njk;gH 11 ,y; epA+ NahHf; thzpf ikak; kw;Wk; ngd;lfd; jiyikafk; ,uz;ilAk; my; nfha;jh gaq;futhjpfs; jhf;fpj; jfHj;jhHfs;. my; nfha;jh gaq;futhjpfs; gazp tpkhdq;fisf; flj;jp mijNa thzpf ikaj;ijAk; ngd;lfd; jiyikafj;ijAk; jfHf;f MAjkhfg; gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;.

 

,e;jj; jhf;Fjiyr; rw;Wk; vjpHghuhj mnkupf;fh mjidg; ngupa miw$tyhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;L my; nfha;jh gaq;futhjpfis xopj;Jf; fl;lg;Nghtjhfr; #Siuj;jJ. mjw;fhd rl;lk; ,aw;wg;gl;lJ.

 

my; nfha;jh gaq;futhjpfs; kl;Lky;y ahH ahH MAjk; jhq;fpg; NghH nra;fpwhHfNsh mtHfs; vy;NyhUk; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHf;fg;gl;lhHfs;.

 

gaq;futhjpfs; vd;why; gaq;futhjpfs;jhd;. mtHfspy; ey;y gaq;futhjpfs; nfl;l gaq;futhjpfs; vd;w NtWghL ,y;iy. murpay; fhuzj;jpd; epkpj;jNkh my;yJ NtW ve;jf; fhuzj;Jf;fhfNth MAjk; jhq;fpa midtUk; gaq;futhjpfs; vdg; Gjpa tiutpyf;fzk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

 

=yq;fh ,dthj muRf;Fk; ,e;j tiutpyf;fzk; tha;g;ghfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. %r;Rf;F Ke;EhW juk; kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;rhTk; mtuJ mikr;rHfSk; tp.Gypfs; gaq;futhjpfs; vdg; gug;Giu nra;fpwhHfs;.

 

kUz;ltd; fz;Zf;F ,Uz;lnjy;yhk; Ngahfj; njuptJ Nghy; ,e;jg; Gjpa tiutpyf;fzj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; mg;ghtp kf;fSsk; gaq;futhjpfshfg; ghHf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. 

 

2002 nrg;njk;gH 26 Mk; ehs; kh`H muhH vd;w njhiynjhlHG nghwpahsH nkhwf;Nfhtpy; jdJ FLk;gj;NjhL tpLKiwiaf; fopj;J tpl;L epA+ NahHf; topahf xl;lhthTf;F tpkhdj;jpy; te;J nfhz;bUe;jhH. JFK tpkhdj;jpy; itj;J mtiu FBI ifJ nra;jJ.  mtuJ ngaH gaq;futhjpfs; gl;baypy; ,Ue;jNj  mtuJ ifJf;Ff; fhuzkhFk;. fdba Fbkfdhd muhiu vt;gpia vg;gbg;  gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;jJ? vy;yhk; fdba RCMP apd; cgae;jhd;!

 

muhH xl;lhth cztfj;jpy; MHrpvk;gp gaq;futhjp vd;w ma;ag;gl;l xUtNuhL  xU ehs; czT cz;lij MHrpvk;gp ghHj;J tpl;lJ. muhH ,Ue;j tPl;bd; thlif cld;gbf;ifapy; mtHjhd; rhl;rpahf ifnaOj;jpl;bUe;jhH. mt;tsTjhd;. gpbahiz ,y;yhky; MHrpvk;gp muhupd; tPl;ilr; Nrhjidapl;lJ. me;j Mtzj;ij MHrpvk;gp vt;gpiaaplk; xg;gilj;J tpl;lJ.

 

ifJ nra;ag;gl;l muhH fdba Fbkfd; vd;gjhy; mtiu vt;gpia ,e;j ehl;Lf;Fj;jhd; mDg;gp itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ mnkupf;f rpiwapy; milj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,uz;Lk; ,y;yhky; 13 ehs; jLg;Gf;fhtypd; gpd;dH muhupd; gpwg;gplkhd rpupahtpw;F NahHlhd; topahf vg;gpia muhiu mDg;gp itj;Jtpl;lJ.

 

kh`H muhH rpupahtpw;F mDg;gp itf;fg;NghfpwhH vd;w jfty; MHrpvk;gpf;Fj; njupe;jpUe;jJ. Mdhy; fdba ntspAwT mikr;Rf;F mijr; nrhy;yhky; kiwj;J tpl;lJ.

 

fdba mjpfhupfs; mnkupf;f muRf;Fj; jq;fsJ csTj; jfty; ek;gfukhdJ vd;gij cWjp nra;jpUe;jhHfs;. Mdhy; xU cs;sf tprhuiz me;jj; jfty; rupay;y vdf; fz;bUe;jJ.

 

rpupahtpw;Ff; nfhz;L Nghfg;gl;ll muhH rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;L rpj;jputij nra;ag;gl;lhH. rpj;jputijapd; gpd; rpupa ehl;L csTj;Jiw muhuplk; ,Ue;J xU xg;Gjy; thf;F %yj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJ. mjpy; muhH jhd; my; nfha;jh mikg;gpd; cWg;gpdH vd;gij “xj;Jf; nfhz;lhhH.”

 

xd;gJ khj rpiwthrj;Jf;Fk; rpj;jputijf;Fk; gpd;dH rpupah mtiu tpLjiy nra;jJ. fdlh jpUk;gpa muhH jhd; Fw;wkw;wtH vd;Wk; rpj;jputij fhuzkhfNt jhd; “my; nfha;jh mikg;gpd; cWg;gpdH” vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;il xg;Gf;nfhz;ljhfTk; $wpf; fdba muRf;F vjpuhf 450 kpy;ypad; nlhyH ,og;gPL Nfl;L tof;F itj;jhH. me;j tof;F epYitapy; cs;sJ.

 

gpujkH Nghy; khl;bd; muhH rpiwitf;fg;gl;lJ njhlHghf Kd;dhs; ePjpaurH O’Connor  jiyikapy; xU tprhuiz Mizaj;ij epakpj;jhH. muhH rhHghf tof;fwpQH Lorne Waldman Njhd;wpdhH. tprhuiz mwpf;if nrd;w nrg;njk;gH 18 ,y; ntspaplg;gl;lJ. 882 gf;fq;fs; nfhz;l me;j mwpf;ifapy; kh`H muhH Fw;wkw;wtH vd;Wk; mtH epahakw;w Kiwapy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhH vd;Wk; jPHg;G toq;fg;gl;lJ. NkYk; fdba csT epWtdkhd CSIS “jdJ eyq;fSf;fhf muhH fdlh jpUk;ghky; ,Ug;gJ ey;yJ” (Justice O'Connor also revealed in his report that CSIS, "for reasons of its own, preferred that Mr. Arar not return to Canada) vd epidj;jjhf ePjpaurH X nfhd;dH jdJ mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jhH.  

 

MHrpvk;gp MizaH Giuliano Zaccardelli  fhty;Jiiw rhHghf muhhuplk; kd;dpg;Gf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. mjid muhH Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. Mdhy; jtWf;F nghWg;Ngw;W MHrpvk;gp MizaH gjtp tpyf kWj;Jtpl;lhH.

 

fle;j  2003 Mk; Mz;L Mf];l; khjk; 22 Mk; jpfjp nuhwd;Nuh> Halton, NahHf; efuq;fisr; NrHe;j  fhty;JiwapdH (RCMP's Public Security and Anti-Terrorism Unit) kw;Wk; FbtuT mikr;R mjpfhupfSk; $l;lhfr; NrHe;J  gaq;futhjpfisf; ifJ nra;tjhfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L 23 khztHfisf; ifJ nra;jhHfs;. ,tHfspy; 22 NgH ghfp];jhdpaHfs;. xUtH ,e;jpaH MthH. ifJ nra;ag;gl;ltHfs; rpiwfspy;  milf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ifJ nra;ag;gl;ltupy; xUtH tpkhd Xl;L; gapw;rpg; gs;spapy; NrHe;J gbj;jtH vd;;Wk; mtH gwf;Fk; NghJ gpf;fwpq; mZkpd; epiyak; kPJ gwe;J NtT ghHj;jjhfTk; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;lhH.  ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; khztHfSf;fhd tprhtpy; fdlhtpw;Fg; gbf;f te;jtHfs;. gbf;f te;jtHfs; Vjpyp Nfhupf;if Nfl;bUe;jhHfs;.  mjd; tpisTjhd; ifJk; rpiw milg;Gk;. gpd;dH ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; xt;nthUtuhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. gyH jq;fs; nrhe;j ehlhd ghfp];jhDf;Fj; jpUk;gpg; NghdhHfs;.

 

Mf>  gbf;f te;J Vjpyp  Nfhupf;if Nfl;ltHfis gaq;futhjpfs; vdf; fdba  ehl;L fhty;Jiw> FbtuTj; jpizf;fsk;> ,e;j ehl;L Clfq;fs; nra;jp ntspapl;L mkHf;fsg; gLj;jpd.

 

,lk; xl;lth Princess Louise Drive tPL.  fhyk; 2004 Mk; Mz;L khHr;R khjk; 23 Mk; ehs;. Neuk; kjpak; 1.30 kzp.  Kd; fjit cilj;Jf; nfhz;L MAjk; jhq;fpa rPUil mzpe;j 20-30 fhty;JiwapdH FG FG vd;Nw cs;Ns GFfpwhHfs;.  tPl;by; ,Ue;j 27 mfit `hrpk; vd;gtiuf; Fg;Gwg;gLf;FkhW fl;lis gwf;fpwJ. Nky; khbapy; ,Ue;j mtuJ rNfhjup rgPidAk; Fg;Gwg;gLf;FkhW fl;lis gwf;fpwJ. njhlHe;J ,uz;L NguJ iffSk; gpd;Gwkhff; fl;lg;gl;L gpsh];bf; tpyq;F khl;lg;gLfpwJ. ,UtUk; fhty;epiyaj;Jf;F nfhz;L nry;yg;gLfpd;wdH. ,tHfsJ ,d;ndhU cld;gpwg;G  mtH Ntiy ghHj;Jte;j xl;lhth epWtdj;jpy; itj;J mNj ehs; khiy ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH.  NkYk; xU rNfhjuH jd;rPy; (mfit 20) ,uT 9.30 kzpf;F tPL jpUk;gpa NghJ ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH. filrpj; jk;gp Nkh\hd; (mfit 18) xl;lhth gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; itj;Jf; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhH. mq;fhbf;F rhkhd;fs; thq;fg; Nghd mk;kh m];uhTk; ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH.

 

fhty;JiwapdH tPl;by; ,Ue;j 3 fzpdpfs;> flitr; rPl;Lf;fs;> FLk;gg; glq;fs;> fhrhf 10>000 nlhyHfs; Mfpatw;iwf; ifg;gw;wpdhHfs;. 

 

,e;j ehlfk; ,q;Nf ele;J nfhz;bUf;f rTjp mNugpahtpy; Ntiy ghH;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j ,tHfsJ je;ijahH fyhepjp khG+g; fth[h ( Dr. Mahhboob Khawaja)  mfit 62 rTjp fhty;Jiwapduhy; ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH. fth[h 1967 ,y; fdlhTf;F Nkw;gbg;Gg; gbf;f te;jtH. 

 

fdba Clfq;fs; “gaq;futhjpfs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;” vd;w nra;jpia Kd;gf;fr; nra;jpahf ntspapLfpd;wd. njhiyf; fhl;rpfs; ele;j ehlfj;ij vy;yhf; Nfhzq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; glk; gpbj;J xspgug;Gr; nra;jd. KbT? mtHfs; gaq;futhjpfs; my;y vdf; fhzg;gl;L tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; me;jf; FLk;gj;jpd; khdk; ngUik kjpg;G vy;yhk; fhw;wpy; gwe;J Nghapw;W!

 

,g;gbg; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NghH vd;W nrhy;yp mg;ghtpfis Ntl;ilahLtJ ,d;W toikahfptpl;lJ.

 

tpLjiyg; Gypfis gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;J mnkupf;f - fdba muRfSk; ,e;j ehLfsJ csTj;JiwfSk; Clfq;fSk; gug;Giu nra;J tUfpd;wd. ,Ue;Jk; cz;ikia cyFf;F vLj;Jr; nrhy;Yk; ,uz;nlhU NeHikahd gj;jpupifahsHfSk; ,Uf;fNt nra;fpwhHfs;.  

 

,uz;L ehs;fSf;F Kd;dH ntspte;j nuhwd;Nuh rd; ehNsl;by; vwpf; khHf;Nfhyp]; vd;w ge;jpahsH "Gypfis vupr;ry; Cl;lhjPHfs; - jkpoHfs; gy rfhg;j mlf;FKiwf;Fg; gpd;dH  jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhf NghuhLfpwhHfs;;"  (Don't provoke Tigers - The Tamils are fighting for their independence after decades of oppression) vd;w jiyg;gpy; xU fl;Liu tiue;Js;shH. ghiytdj;jpy; xU Nrhiy tdk; ,Ue;jhy; vg;gbNah mg;gbahd czHitj; jUk; me;jf; fl;Liuapd; Kf;fpa gFjpfspd; jkpohf;fk; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.   

 

“,e;jf; fpoik MW jkpo;f; fdbaHfs; gaq;futhjf; Fw;wr;rhl;by; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lJ vdf;F NrH gPl;lH c];upndht; mtHfsJ nghd;nkhopia epidT+l;LfpwJ. “gaq;futhjk; vd;gJ Viofspd; NghH. NghH vd;gJ gzf;fhuHfspd; gaq;futhjk;."  

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\pd; Nfhl;ghl;ilAk; nfhs;iffisAk; mtru mtrukhff; iff;nfhs;Sk; Nehf;Fld; gpujkH fhHg;gUila muR =yq;fh tpLJiyg; Gypf; nfupyhf;fis jdJ gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mnkupf;fh tp.Gypfis 1997 ,y; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. rpq;fs gTj;jHfSf;Fk; rpWghd;ik ,e;Jj; jkpoHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,lk;ngw;W te;j gy rfhg;j fhy neUf;fb  1983 ,y; cs;ehl;L Nghuhf ntbj;jJ. tp.Gypfs; xU Rje;jpukhd jkpo; muRf;fhf %Hf;fj;jdkhd Nghuhl;lj;ij rpq;fs muRf;F vjpuhf elhj;jp tUfpwhHfs;. ,jpy;  65>000 Nkw;gl;l kf;fs; ,we;J NghdhHfs;. ntspehLfsJ ,il<L eilngw;whYk; NghH njhlHe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.  

 

=yq;fhtpd; rpq;fstHfs; ,uhZtk;> flw;gil kw;Wk; thd; giliaj; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. tp.Gypfsplk; rpwpa MAjq;fs; kl;LNk  ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

fdba ma;up\;fhuHfs; ma;MHV f;F (IRA)  epjpAjtp nra;jhHfs;. fdba A+jHfs; gpupj;jhdpahTf;F vjpuhd ,];Nuypd; Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F MAjq;fs; thq;f epjp Nrfupj;jhHfs;. gQ;rhg; gpuptpidthj rPf;fpaHfSf;F fdba rPf;fpaHfNs epjp cjtp nra;jhHfs;. 

 

tp.Gypfs; tPuk; nrwpe;jtHfs;. jpwikahd Nghuhspfs;. mtHfis njd;fpof;F Mrpahtpd; `p];Gy;yh vd miof;fyhk;. mur gilfSf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhl  jq;fsJ cly;fis ntbFz;Lfshfg; gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;.

 

Gypfs; kpfTk; F&ukhdtHfs;. gy rkaq;fspy; nfhiyntwpahsHfs;. mtHfs; jPtputhjpfs;. mtHfsJ mikg;G kpfTk; mghakhd rHthjpfhu mikg;ghFk;. Mdhy; mtHfs; mnkupf;fh fdlh nrhy;tJ Nghy; "gaq;futhjp"fs; my;yH.

 

nghJkf;fs; kPJ murpay; fhuzq;fSf;fhfj; jhf;Fjy; elj;JgtHfNs gaq;futhjpfs; vd tiutpyf;fzk; nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;. tpkhdq;fis> njhlHtz;bfis> gs;spf;$lq;fis ntbitj;Jj; jfHf;Fk; gapj;jpfhuHfs; epr;rakhf gaq;futhjpfs;jhd;. mjpy; khWghL ,y;iy. Mdhy; ,e;j tiutpyf;fzj;jpd;gb Dredsen,  Hamburg,  Nuhf;fpNah> xrhf;fh> ehfhrf;fp kw;Wk; `pNuh\pkh Nghd;w efuq;fspy; tho;e;j kf;fisf; nfhd;W Ftpj;jtHfis vt;thW ehk; miog;gJ?

 

gj;jhz;LfSf;F Kd; cUrpahtpy; 100>000 nrr;rPdpa K];ypk;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. 1982 ,y; ,];Nuy; nga;Whl; efuj;jpd; kPJ Fz;Lkio nghope;jNghJ 18>000 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mnkupf;fh> fdlh kw;Wk; Nel;Njh (NATO)  ehLfs; Mg;gdp];jhd; CHfs;  kPJ fz;%bj;jdkhff; Fz;Lfis tPRfpwNj? me;j mopTf;F vd;d ngaH? my;yJ mz;ikapy; 1>000 nygdpa kw;Wk; ,];Nuy; nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfNs?  ,e;jf; nfhiyfis NghHf;Fw;wk; vd midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;sJ!

 

kw;wtHfis gaq;futhjpfs; vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;LgtHfs; ngUk;ghYk; jhq;fNs mijtplg; ngupa gaq;futhjj;ij nra;fpwhHfs;.

 

jkpo;g; Gypfs; =yq;fhtpd; %d;wpy; xU gq;F epyj;ij Ml;rp nra;fpwhHfs;. mtHfis gaq;futhjpfs; vd miog;gJ `p];Gy;yh mikg;ig "gaq;futhjf; fhilfs;" vd miog;gJ Nghd;W nghUsw;wJ. kw;wtHfisj; jtwhf topelj;JtJ. `p];Gy;yhjhd; nygdd; ehl;bd; Coyw;w tYthd mury;yhj mikg;ghFk;.

 

ehd; Vkhw;Wtjw;Fk; gopRkj;Jtjw;Fk; "gaq;futhjk;" vd;w nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gLtij ntWf;fpNwd;. ,e;jr; nrhy; murpay; vjpupfis gprhRfs; vdr; rpj;jupf;fg;gLtjw;F xU MAjkhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. jkpo;g; Gypfspd; gifiar; rk;ghjpg;gjw;F ,J Vw;w Neuk; my;y. gy rkaq;fspy; tpy;yq;fj;ij tpiyf;F thq;fhky; ghuhKfkhf ,Ug;gJ ey;yJ. mg;gbj;jhd; Kd;ida fdba muR ele;J nfhz;lJ. Kf;fpakhf Gypfs; mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; fdlhTf;F vjpuhf ve;jnthU jhf;FjiyAk; njhLf;fhj epiyapy;.  

 

gaq;futhjk; vd;gJ xU rpe;jid md;W. mJ xU cj;jp. jkpo;g; Gypfs; gy rfhg;j mlf;FKiwf;Fg; gpd;dH jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhfg; NghuhLfpwhHfs;;. Nkw;Fyf ehl;ltuhfpa ehk; rfpf;f Kbahj mlf;FKiwf;F vjpuhf MAjk; jhq;fpg; NghuhLtJ vy;yh kf;fsJ cupik vd;gij kwe;J tpl;Nlhk;.

 

xl;lhth njhiytpy; cs;s ,d;ndhU me;epa NghH njhlHg;ghf Vd; %f;if Eiof;fpwJ vdf; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;tjd; %yk; fdbaHfSf;F    Gjpa ghJfhg;G rpf;fy;fis Vd; cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;? ,e;j ehl;L kf;fSf;F ,uz;lhtJ cyf ehL toq;Ffpw ey;tho;it  toq;f Kbahj epiyapy; ,e;j %f;F Eiog;G cz;ikapy; Njitah?”  (cyfj;jkpoH - xf;NjhgH 14> 2006)

 

 


 

rz;il gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Nl NgRNthk; Ngrpf; nfhz;Nl rz;;il  gpbg;Nghk;!

 

=yq;fh muR xU gf;fk; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Fj; jahH vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. kW gf;fk; tp.GypfSf;F vjpuhd jhf;Fjy;fisj; njhlHr;rpahf Nkw;Nfhz;L tUfpwJ. 

 

kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr New;Wj;  jd;idr; re;jpj;j ,izj; jiyik ehLfsJ JhJtHfNshL NgRk; NghJ “jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jkJ gaq;futhj eltbf;iffisf; iftpl;L rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rthu;j;ijfspy; ,ize;J nfhs;s ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; tw;GWj;Jk; vd jhk; vjpu;ghu;g;gjhfTk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; njhlu;e;Jk; Mj;jpu%l;Lk; eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;lhy; ehl;bd; Njrpag; ghJfhg;igf; fUjp cupa Kiwapy; gjpy; eltbf;ifiaj; njhluj; jhk; gpd;thq;fg; Nghtjpy;iy” vdTk; njuptpj;jhu;. 

 

”,dg; gpur;rpidf;F murpay; jPu;T fhZk; Kaw;rpapy; kfpe;j uh[gf;r vLj;Js;s epiyg;ghl;Lf;F ,izj; jiyik ehLfspd; J}Jtu;fs; ghuhl;Lj; njuptpj;Js;sdu;” vd =yq;fh rkhjhd nrayfj;jpd; ,af;FeH ghypj Nfhnfhd (Dr Palitha Kohona) ,yz;ld; gpgprp jkpNohirf;F ,d;W (jpq;fl;fpoik) nfhLj;j nrt;tpapy; njuptpj;jhH.

 

mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij eilngw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mjw;fhd #o;epiyia =yq;fh muR cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;. muR – tp.Gypfs; ,U jug;gpdHf;Fk; ,ilapy; ey;nyz;zk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. xUtiu xUtH kjpj;J elf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

xU Gwk; tp.Gypfisg; gaq;futhjpfs; vd;W mUr;rpj;Jf; nfhz;L kWGwk; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Fj; jahH vd;gJ Vkhw;W tpj;ijahFk;. xU Gwk; rz;il kWGwk; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij vd;gJ fgl ehlfkhFk;. xU gf;fk; jkpo;kf;fsJ jiyfspy; =yq;fh tpkhdg;gil Fz;Lfis tPRk; NghJ kWgf;fk; tp.Gypfs; Ngr;R thHj;ij Nkirapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L =yq;fh mikr;rHfNshL mikjp gw;wpg; NgRtJ rhj;jpakpy;iy.  

 

khtpyhW> rk;G+H> Kfkhiy> thfiu Mfpa ,lq;fspy; =yq;fh ,uhZtk; Nkw;nfhz;l Mf;fpukpg;Gj; jhf;Fjy;fisg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ =yq;fh muRf;F ,dr; rpf;fiyg; Ngrpj; jPHT fhz Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fk; JspAk; ,y;iy vd;gJ njupfpwJ. khwhf ,dr; rpf;fYf;F mtH ,uhZtj; jPHitNa ehLfpwhH vd;gJ nts;splkiy.

 

kfpe;j rpe;jidapd; gb mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;F mDruiz toq;Fk; NehHNtia me;jg; gzpapy; ,Ue;J tpul;l Ntz;Lk;> mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij cld;gbf;if jpUj;jp vOjg;gl Ntz;Lk; ve;jj; jPHthdhYk; mJ ,g;NghJ eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk; xw;iwahl;rp murpay; ahg;Gf;F ,irthf  ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; tp.Gypfs; jkpoPof; Nfhupf;ifia iftpl Ntz;Lk; MAjq;fisf; fPNo itf;f Ntz;L;k;. 

 

kfpe;j rpe;jidia eilKiwg; gLj;Jtjw;F ,uhrgf;Nr nghWg;ghd gjtpfspy; rpq;fs-gTj;j fLk; Nghf;fhsHfis mkHj;jpAs;shH.

 

gpujkH gjtpapy; ,Uf;Fk; ul;z= tpf;fpukehaf;fh fLk; Nghf;fhsH. ghJfhg;G MNyhrfHfspy; xUtuhd nfhl;lfnjdpah  (H M G V Kotakadeniya)  rpq;fs-gTj;j ,dntwpf; fl;rpahd [hjpf nfy cWkapd; Jizj; jiytH. Jiz fhty;Jiw khmjpguhf ,Ue;J Xa;T ngw;w kWehNs nfhl;lfnjdpah me;jf; fl;rpapy; NrHe;J nfhz;lhH. Kd;dhs; Ml;rpj; jiytH re;jpupfh FkhuJq;fhtpdhy; Xuq;fl;lg;gl;l ruj; nghd;Nrfh ,uhZt jsgjpahf epakdk; nra;ag;gl;lhH. fLk; Nghf;fhsuhd ,tH tlf;fpy; Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhd jkpo; ,isQHfs; fhzhky; Nghdjw;F fhuzkhf ,Ue;jtH.

 

nkhj;jj;jpy; kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr jiyikapy; Kd; vg;nghOJk; ,y;yhjthW xU jPtpu rpq;fs-gTj;j ,dntwp muR Ml;rpapy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

NghH epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapd; fPo; =yq;fh murk; tp.GypfSk; rk jug;gpdH. rk gilgyk; gilj;jtH. tp.Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s epyg;gug;G tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjd; vy;iyfs; tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. tp.GypfsJ fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s epyg;gug;igAk; rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s epyg;gug;igAk; #dpag; gFjp gpupf;fpd;wJ.

 

vdNt jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;jpy; khtpyhW kw;Wk;  rk;G+H ,uz;ilAk; rpq;fs ,uhZtk; Mf;fpukpj;jpUg;gJ mg;gl;lkhd NghH kPwyhFk;.

 

“tp.Gypfspd; Ml;bywp jsj;jpdhy; jpUNfhzkiyj; JiwKfj;Jf;F Mgj;J mjdhy;jhd; rk;G+iu ,uhZtk; gpbj;jJ” vd =yq;fh muR nrhy;fpwJ. NghH epWj;j cld;gbf;if vOJk; NghJk; me;j Mgj;J ,Ue;jJ. Gjpjhf me;j Mgj;Jj; Njhd;wtpy;iy.

 

=yq;fh murpd; thjj;ij xg;Gf; nfhz;lhy; tp.Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s ve;jnthU epyg;gug;Gk; jq;fsJ ghJfhg;Gf;F mr;RWj;jy; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L mq;nfy;yhk; ,uhZtk; jhf;Fjy;fis elj;jyhk;. Kfkhiyf;F MidapwT mr;RWj;jy; vd;W nrhy;yp Midapwitj; jhf;fyhk;. MidapwTf;F fpspnehr;rp mr;RWj;jy; vd;W nrhy;yp fpspnehr;rpiaj; jhf;fyhk;. ,e;j mr;RWj;jy;  jhf;Fjy;  jj;Jtj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; ,g;NghJ Kfkhiy> khq;Nfzp – fRtj;j Nghd;w gFjpfspy; rz;il eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

 

,e;jj; jj;Jtj;ij ,uhZtj;Jf;fhfg; Ngrf; $ba mikr;rH Nfnfypa uk;Gf;ty xspT kiwtpd;wp ntl;l ntspr;rkhff; $wpAs;shH.

 

 Mr. Rambukwella said the ongoing military action would continue as long as the LTTE continued its attacks on the security forces. "We have reserved the right to carry out any defensive military action. That is one of the important factors compared to previous occasions when the two sides agreed to have talks," he said.  (Sunday Times – October 8,2006)

     

tp.Gypfs; ,uhZtk; kPJ njhlHe;J jhf;Fjy; elj;Jk; kl;Lk; ,g;NghJ eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,uhZt eltbf;if njhlUk;. jw;ghJfhg;G ,uhZt eltbf;if vLf;Fk; cupikia ehq;fs; vq;fs; ifapy; vLj;Js;Nshk;. Kd;dH ,U jug;Gk; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;F cld;gl;ljw;Fk; ,g;NghJ Ngr;R thHj;ijf;F cld;gLtjw;Fk; ,ilapy; fhzg;gLk; Kf;fpa NtWghLfspy; ,J xd;whFk;.

 

mjhtJ mikr;rH vd;d nrhy;y tUfpwhH vd;why; “rz;il gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Nl NgRNthk; Ngrpf; nfhz;Nl rz;il gpbg;Nghk;.”

 

nrd;w xf;NjhgH 3 ,y; (Gjd;fpoik) NehHNtapd; rpwg;Gj; JhJtH Jon Hanssen – Bauer kw;Wk; =yq;fhtpw;fhd NehHNt JhJtH Brattskar ghJfhg;Gr; nrayhsH Nfhj;jgha ,uhrgf;Nr kw;Wk; Kg;gilj; jsgjpfisr; re;jpj;jhHfs;. me;jr; re;jpg;gpd; NghJ  Ngrpa ,uhZt jsgJ ruj; nghd;Nrfh “,uhZtj;ijg; nghWj;jstpy;  tp.Gypfs; gaq;futhjj; jhf;Fjy;fis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; Mw;wiy kOq;fbf;Fk; tifapy; mtHfs; kPjhd Kd;jLg;Gj; jhf;Fjy;fis Njitg;gLk; NghJ Nkw;nfhs;Sk;” vdf; Fwpg;gpl;lhH.  

 

At this meeting, Army Commander Sarath Fonseka said as far as the military was concerned they will carry out pre-emptive strikes where necessary to blunt the LTTE's capacity to carry out terrorist attacks.  (The Sunday Leader – October 8, 2006)

 

=yq;fh murpd; ,e;jj; jpkpHg; Nghf;Ff;F %d;w Kf;fpa fhuzq;fisr; nrhy;yyhk;.

 

                             1) mz;ikapy; rpq;fs ,uhZtj;Jf;Ff; fpilj;j rpy ntw;wpfs; tp.Gypfs; ,uhZt uPjpahfg; gytPdg;gl;Lg; NghdhHfs; mtHfisg; Nghupy; nty;yyhk; vd;w kdj; ijupaj;ijf; nfhLj;Js;sJ.

        2)                             “ehq;fs; vijAk; nra;ayhk;. vg;gbAk; nra;ayhk;. ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; fz;L nfhs;s khl;lh. kpQ;rpg; Nghdhy; xU cg;Gr; rg;gw;w mwpf;ifiaf; fz;Jilg;Gf;fhf tpLthHfs;. mjw;F Nky; xd;Wk; nra;akhl;lh” vd;w vz;zk; =yq;fh muRf;F Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.

        3)                        NehHNt xU ifahyhfhj Fl;b ehL. mjd; jiyia vg;gbAk; cUl;lyhk;. “NehHNtapd; mikjp Kaw;rpf;Fk; ,uhrje;jpu Kaw;rpf;Fk; vq;fsJ KO xj;Jiog;Gk; xj;jhirAk; cz;L” vd ,izj; jiyik ehLfSk; ,e;jpahTk; nrhd;dhYk; mJ ntWk; xg;Gf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gLk; thAiujhd; vd rpq;fs muR epidf;fpwJ.

 

Mwpd fQ;rp goq;fQ;rp vd;gJ Nghy =yq;fh gw;wpa ,izj; jiyik ehLfsJ mf;fiw ehnshU NkdpAk; nghOnjhU tz;zKk; Fiwe;J nfhz;L NghfpwJ. ePz;l fhyk; cwf;fj;jpy; ,Ug;gJk; jpBH vd cwf;fk; fiye;J mwpf;if tpLtJk; kPz;Lk; cwf;fj;jpy; Mo;e;J tpLtijAk; ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; tof;fkhf;fpf; nfhz;Ls;sd.

 

,e;j ,izj; jiyik ehLfspy; mnkupf;fh =yq;fhtpw;F MAjjsghl cjtpfisAk; ,uhZtj;jpw;F NghHg; gapw;rpiaAk; mspj;J tUfpwJ. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpy; mq;fk; tfpf;Fk; ehLfspy; xd;whd gpupj;jhdpah mz;ikapy; xU ghJfhg;G ty;YdH FOit kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nrapd; Ntz;LNfhSf;F ,zq;f =yq;fhtpw;F mDg;gp ,Ue;jJ. vdNt ,e;j ehLfs; njhl;biyAk; Ml;bf; nfhz;L gps;isiaAk; fps;sptpLfpd;wd. Fwpg;ghf mnkupf;fh =yq;fhtpd; ,uhZt eltbf;iffSf;F gr;irf; nfhb fhl;b tUfpwJ.

 

V9 neLQ;rhiy jpwj;jy;> jkpoH GdHtho;Tf; foff; fhg;gff; fzf;Ffis Klf;fy;> ,lk;ngaHe;j jkpo; kf;fSf;F gd;dhl;L mur rhHgw;w mikg;Gf;fs; epthuzk; toq;Ftjw;F Kl;Lf;fl;il> td;dpkPJ nghUshjhuj; jil> ghJfhg;Gf;fhd nrytpdk; ,ul;bg;G  Nghd;wtw;iw ,l;L ,izj; jiyik ehLfs; gaq;fu kTdk; rhjpf;fpd;wd. vd;d fhuzk;?

 

NehHNt mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;R thHj;ij xf;NjhgH 28-29 ,y; x];Nyhtpy; eilngWk; vd;W mwptpj;jJ. clNd =yq;fh mjid Kw;whf kWj;jJ. “NehHNtaplk; ngz; ghHf;fj;jhd; nrhd;Ndhk;. Mdhy; jpUkzk; vg;NghJ vq;Nf itg;gJ vd;gij ehq;fs;jhd; KbT nra;Nthk;” vd gpujkH ul;z= tpf;fpukehaf;fh jpUtha; kyHe;jhH.

 

tl fpof;fpy; ehshe;jk; Fz;L tPr;R> Ml;bywp nry; jhf;Fjy;> nfhiy> Ms;flj;jy;> ghypay; ty;YwT> kPd;gpbj; jil> Rw;wp tisg;Gj; NjLjy;> czTj; jl;Lg;ghL Nghd;wit ,lk;ngWk; nghOJ NehHNt ve;j Kfj;NjhL Ngr;R thHj;ijf;F tp.Gypfis miof;fp;wJ?

 

rup. Fz;L tPr;Rf;F kj;jpapYk; jkpo;kf;fsJ my;yy;fs; mdHj;jq;fs; kj;jpapYk; ,lg;ngaHTfs; kj;jpapYk; Ngr;R thHj;ij eilngWtjhf itj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;. mjpy; vijg; Ngrg; NghfpwhHfs;? Ngrp KbntLj;jhYk; mit vt;tsT Jhuk; eilKiwg; gLj;jg;gLk;? nrd;w ngg;utup khjk; n[dpthtpy; ele;j Ngr;R thHj;ijapd; NghJ ,uhZtj;Jld; NrHe;J ,aq;Fk; ,uhZtj; Jizf; FOf;fspd; MAjq;fisf; fistjw;F =yq;fh muR jug;G xg;Gf; nfhz;lJ. Mdhy; nfhOk;G jpUk;gpaJk; mg;gbahd FOf;fNs fpilahJ vd =yq;fh muR iftpupj;J tpl;lJ.

 

=yq;fh ,uhZtj;Jld; NrHe;J nfhiy> nfhs;is> jhf;Fjypy; <Lgl;l fUzh JNuhff; FOtpdupy; rpyH ifAk; nka;Akhfg; gpbgl;Lg; NghdhHfs;. khq;Nfzp jhf;Fjypy; ,uhZt rPUil mzpe;j 9 fUzhf; FOtpdupd; rlyq;fis tp. .Gypfs; ifg;gw;wpAs;sdH. fUzh FOTk; mjid xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,we;jtHfs; fUzh FOtpduhy; fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; flj;jg;gl;l rpwhHfs; MtH. 

 

,Nj rkak; nfhOk;gpy; fle;j nrg;njk;gH 28 fhiy 10.15 kzp mstpy; flj;jg;gl;l tzpfH rjhrptk; Fkhurhkp (mfit 51) mtHfsplk; xU Nfhb &ghiaf; fUzh FOtpdH fg;gkhff; Nfl;Ls;sdH. gpd;dH me;jj; njhif 60 ,yl;rkhff; Fiwf;fg;gl;L mtuJ kfdplk; ,Ue;J 25 ,yl;r &gha;  thq;fpaNghJ kl;lf;fsg;igr; NrHe;j G+ghygps;is fhe;juhrh (mfit 28)  fhty;Jiwaplk; gpbgl;lhd;. ,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; gpbgl;l egH jhd; fUzh FOitr; NrHe;jtd; vd;W nrhy;ypa gpwFk; =yq;fh muR gpbgl;ltd;  tp.Gypfs; ,af;fj;ijr; NrHe;jtd; vdr; rhjpj;jJ! 

 

gpbgl;l fhe;juhrh mz;ikf; fhykhf nfhOk;gpy; ele;j Ms;flj;jy; njhlHghd jfty;fs; midj;ijAk; fhty;Jiwaplk; ff;fp cs;shd;. Ms;f; flj;jypy; fUzh FOtpdH ,uz;lhfg; gpupe;J nray;gl;ljhfTk; xd;W nfh];tj;ij> jyq;fk vd;w ,lj;jpYk; kw;wJ nghydWit khtl;lj;jpYk; ,aq;fpajhfTk;  njuptpj;jhd;. jdJ FOTf;F  up. eFNye;jpud;  vd;gtd; jiytd; vdf; $wpdhd;. ,jw;F Kd;dUk; jhd; ifJ nra;ag;gl;ljhfTk; Mdhy; fhty;Jiw khmjpgupd; cj;jutpd; Ngupy; tpLtpf;fg;gl;ljhfTk; nrhd;dhd;. 

 

nfhOk;G cr;r ghJfhg;Gg; gFjpahff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. Koj;Jf;F Kok; rpg;gha;fs;   fhty;JiwapdH xw;wHfs; epWj;jg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,tw;iw kPwp Ms;f; flj;jy; eilngWfpwJ vd;why; mjw;F vd;d nghUs;? =yq;fhtpd; caH ghJfhg;G mjpfhupfSk; mjw;F cle;ij vd;WjhNd nghUs;? Fwpg;ghfr; nrhy;yg; Nghdhy; kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nrapd; cld;gpwg;Gk; ghJfhg;G mikr;rpd; nrayhsUk; Md Nfhj;jgha ,uhrgf;Nrf;F ,e;jg; gyNfhb fg;gg; gzj;jpy; gq;F cz;nld;W Ngrg;gLfpwJ!

 

fUzh JNuhff; FO =yq;fh muNrhL xl;b cwthbf; nfhz;bUg;gJ ,g;NghJ CUk; cyfKk; mwpa mk;gykhfp tpl;lJ. ,dpAk; mjid kiwj;Jg; gadpy;iy!

 

kfpe;jh ,uhrgr;Nr ,dr; rpf;fy; ,Ug;gij xg;Gf; nfhs;stpy;iy. ,dr; rpf;fy; ,y;iy ,Ug;gJ gaq;futhjk; vd;gNj mtuJ Nfhl;ghL. =yq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rpf;Fk; ma;f;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;l Gupe;JzHT cld;ghLk; gaq;futhjj;ij ,uhZt mbg;gilapy; Njhw;fbf;f Ntz;ba mtrpaj;ij tw;GWj;JfpwJ. ,J mikjp Ngr;R thHj;ijapy; mtUf;F mbg;gilapy; ek;gpf;if ,y;iy vd;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ. ,uhrgf;Nr jd;id njd;dpyq;ifapd; etPd Jl;l ifKD vd epidf;fpwhH. Ngr;R thHj;ij vd;W Ngrpf; nfhz;L ,uhZtj; jPHTf;F mtH Maj;jk; nra;fpwhH. ghJfhg;Gf;fhd  nryT ,ul;bf;fg;gl;bUg;gJ mjidj; njspthf;fpwJ.

 

NghH epWj;j xg;ge;jk; ,d;W fljhrpapy; kl;Lk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ nrj;Jr; rtkhfp gy khjq;fs; Mfptpl;ld. G+uz kupahijNahL mjid mlf;fk; nra;tJ ahH vd;gJjhd; njupatpy;iy! (gugug;G - xf;NjhgH 10>2006)

 

 

 


 

mnkupf;fhtpd; tapw;wpy; Gspiaf; fiuf;Fk; tl nfhupah!

 

ef;fPud;

tl nfhupah vd;nwhU ehL ,Ug;gJ gw;wpg; ngUk;ghNyhH ngupJk; myl;bf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. me;j ehL gw;wpa nra;jp mj;jp G+j;jhw;Nghy; mq;nfhd;W ,q;nfhd;whf tUk;. Mdhy; me;j ehL mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jg; Nghtjhf mwptpj;jhy; NghJk; - mJ ngupa nra;jpahfptpLk;.

 

fle;j A+iy 4 Mk; ehs; tl nfhupah 7 VTfiz tpz;zpy; Vtp  Nrhjid elj;jpaJ. rpy VTfizfs; ag;ghd; ehl;Lf;F mz;ikapy; Ngha; tpOe;jd. ,jid mLj;J ma;ad;dh ghJfhg;G mit tl nfhupah kPJ nghUshjhuj; jilia tpjpg;gnjdj; jPHkhdpj;jJ.

 

tl nfhupah cyfpy; vQ;rpAs;s 3 fk;A+dp];l; ehLfspy; xd;whFk;. kw;wit rPdh kw;Wk; fpA+gh MFk;. ,e;j xw;Wik ,e;jsNthL KbfpwJ. ,e;j 3 ehLfspYk; nydpd; - ];lhypd; - kh NrJq; ghzp fk;A+dprk; eilKiwapy; ,y;iy. xU fyg;G ,rNk ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

rPdh murpay; jsj;jpy; xU fl;rp Ml;rpia itj;Jf;nfhz;l NghjpYk; nghUshjhu jsj;jpy mJ KOf;f KOf;f xU Kjyhspj;Jt ehlhFk;.

 

,d;iwf;F mnkupf;fhtpd; tapw;wpy; Gspiaf; fiuf;Fk; ehL xd;W ,Uf;Fkhdhy; mJ tl nfhupah vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy. mnkupf;fh ,uhd;> rpupah> tl nfhupah %d;iwAk; “jPikapd; mr;R”  (Axis of evil) vdr; rpj;jpupj;jhYk; tl nfhupah kl;LNk mZf;Fz;Lfisf; ifapy; itj;jpUg;gjhf mnkupf;fh ek;GfpwJ. tl nfhupah epidj;jhy; mnkupf;f kz;iz kpjpf;fhkNy mnkupf;f efuq;fs; kPJ mZf;Fz;Lfis tPrp mtw;iwr; rhk;gy; Nklhf;f KbAk;!

 

ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf tpiutpy; mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jg; Nghtjhf tl nfhupah jdJ njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; ,e;jf; fpoik (xf;NjhgH 2) mwptpj;jJ. mjw;fhd fhuzj;ijAk; mJ nrhy;ypaJ. mnkupf;fhtpd; mr;RWj;jYf;F vjpHtpidahfj; jdJ ghJfhg;ig mjpfupf;fNt mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jg;Nghtjhf tl nfhupah njuptpj;jJ. ,jw;F cyf ehLfspilNa gyj;j vjpu;g;G vOe;Js;sJ.

tl nfhupah mZ MAj Nrhjid nra;ag; Nghtjhf mwptpj;jJjhd; jhkjk; “mZ MAjq;fis jd; trk; itj;jpUf;Fk; tl nfhupahit ehq;fs; tpl;L itf;f khl;Nlhk;. ehq;fs; mjid Vw;Wf; nfhs;sTk; khl;Nlhk;.” vd mnkupf;f murhq;f jpizf;fsj;jpd; Jizr; nrayhsH mwptpj;jhH.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

tl nfhupah

 

xNu ghHitapy;

 

gug;gsT         -  120>540 rJu fpkP

 

vy;iyfs;        -  rPdh 1>416 fpkP> njd; nfhupah 238 fpkP> cUrpah 19 fpkP

 

flw;fiu ePsk;    -  2>495 fpkP

 

kf;fs; njhif    -  23>113>019 (2006 A+iy – kjpg;gPL)

 

rkak;           -  gTj;jk;> nfhd;gpA+rpa];

 

nkhop           -  nfhupad;

 

nkhj;j cs;SH cw;gj;jp        – 40 gpy;ypad; m.nlhyHfs;

 

nghJNkdp jdpkdpj tUkhdk;   - 1>700 m. nlhyHfs;

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ag;ghd; ,e;j mZ MAj Nrhjid mikjpf;Fg; ghupa mr;RWj;jy; vd tUzpj;Js;sJ. ag;ghdpd; Gjpa gpujkH \pd;Nrh mNg (Shinzo Abe) tl nfhupah  mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;Jtij Kw;whf Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ vdr; nrhy;fpwhH.

tl nfhupahtpd; mZ MAj Nrhjid mwptpg;gpw;F mjd; mz;il ehlhd njd; nfhupahTk; fLk; fz;ldk; njuptpj;Js;sJ. “,JNghd;w eltbf;iffis njd; nfhupah xUNghJk; mDkjpf;fhJ. mZ MAj Nrhjidia tl nfhupah epWj;j Ntz;Lk;” vdj; njd; nfhupah nra;jpj; njhlu;ghsu; $wpAs;shu;.

 

njd; nfhupa Jiz ntspAwT mikr;rH Yu Myung-hwan tl nfhupahtpd; mZ MAj Nrhjid me;jg; gpuNjrj;jpy; xU MAjg; Nghl;bia KLf;fp tpLk;  vd;Wk; mg;gbahd Nrhjid ag;ghDk; mZ MAj Njlypy; ,wq;Ftjw;F xU rhl;lhfg; Ngha;tpLk; vd;Wk; nrhy;ypAs;shH.

 

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpy; ntspAwT mjpfhup Javier Solana tl nfhupah mZ MAj Nrhjid nra;ag; Nghtjhfr; nrhy;tijapl;L tUj;jk; miltjhfTk; mNj Neuk; mnkupf;fh vLf;Fk; ve;jtpjkhd KbitAk; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Mjupf;Fk; vdTk; njuptpj;jhH.

 

cUrpah tl nfhupa mZ MAj Nrhjid Nkw;nfhs;tijapl;Lf; ftiy njuptpj;Js;sJ.  

 

“mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jg; Nghtjhf tl nfhupah mwptpj;jpUg;gJ vjpu;tpisTfisAk;> Nghug;; gjl;lj;ijAk; mjpfupf;Fk;” vd ma;ad;dh ehLfsJ nghJr; nrayu; Nfhgp md;dd; Mo;e;j ftiyiaAk;  fLk; fz;ldj;ijAk; njuptpj;Js;shu;. ,JFwpj;J mtu; tpLj;Js;s mwpf;ifapy; “mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jg; Nghtjhf tl nfhupah mwptpj;jpUg;gJ Njitaw;w vjpu;tpisTfis Vw;gLj;Jk;. ,ijg; gpd;gw;wp NtW rpy ehLfSk; mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jf;$Lk;. ,jdhy; cyfpd; rpy gFjpfspy; Nghu;g; gjl;lk; mjpfupf;Fk;. tl nfhupahtpd; ,e;j mwptpg;gpw;F cyf ehLfs; rhu;gpy; ftiy njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;.

 

,e;j mwptpg;ghy; tl nfhupah cyf ehLfspd; fLk; fz;ldj;jpw;F Mshf NeupLk;. ,jdhy;> vjw;fhf me;ehL mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jg;Nghtjhf mwptpj;Js;sNjh me;j Nehf;fk; epiwNtwhky; Ngha;tpLk;. ,e;j Kaw;rpia me;ehL iftpl Ntz;Lk;. rPdh> [g;ghd;> njd; nfhupah cl;gl MW ehLfs; gq;Nfw;Fk; Ngr;Rthu;j;ijapy; tl nfhupah kPz;Lk; gq;Nfw;f Ntz;Lk;” ,t;thW Nfhgp md;dd; $wpAs;shH.

 

,e;jr; rpf;fiyg; ghJfhg;G mitapy; vOg;gg; Nghtjhf mnkupf;fh mwptpj;Js;sJ. mNj rkak; ,e;jr; rpf;fy; Ngr;R thHj;ij %yk; Ngrpj; jPHf;f Ntz;ba tplak; vdTk; mnkupf;fh nrhy;fpwJ. tl nfhupahNthL 5 ehLfs; elj;Jk; Ngr;R thHj;ij ciw  epiyapy; cs;sJ. mnkupf;fh> tl nfhupah kPJ tpjpj;Js;s nghUshjhuj; jilfis ePf;fpdhy; my;yhJ Ngr;R Nkirf;F tu KbahJ vd tl nfhupah nrhy;fpwJ.

 

,j;jifa gjl;lj;jpd; eLtpy; tl nfhupahtpd; mZ Nrhjidiaf; fz;fhzpf;f mnkupf;fh NghH tpkhdq;fis njd; ag;ghd; jsq;fspy; ,Ue;J mDg;gpAs;sJ. mZr; Nrhjid elf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; Vw;gLk; fjpupaf;fj;ij ,e;j tpkhdq;fs; fz;lwpAk; jpwd; tha;e;jit vd ag;ghdpd; Kyodo nra;jp epWtdk; njuptpj;Js;sJ.

nfhupah ePz;l fhykhf Rje;jpu ,uhr;rpakhf ,Ue;J te;jJ. 1905 Mk; Mz;L ag;ghd; mjidj; jhf;fpj; jd; gpbf;Fs; nfhz;Lte;jJ. ,uz;lhtJ cyfg; Nghiu mLj;J nfhupah ,uz;lhfj; Jz;lhlg;gl;lJ. 38 MtJ ghif;F tlf;Fg; gf;fk; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpaj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; te;jJ.

1950 A+d; 25 Mk; ehs; tl nfhupah 38 tJ ghifiaj; jhz;b njd; nfhupahitj; jd;NdhL ,izf;Fk; Nehf;NfhL mjd;  kPJ gilnaLj;jJ. NghH A+iy 27> 1953 tiu ePbj;jJ. gpd;dH rPd kf;fs; njhz;lHgilf;Fk; njd; nfhupah ,uhZtj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; NghH epWj;j cld;gbf;if vOjg;gl;lJ.

1980 ,y; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpr; nrayhsH fpk; 11-Rq; mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dH mtuJ kfd; fpk; nahq; 11 thuPrhf tUthH vd cj;jpNahfG+Htkhf mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ. 1994 ,y; fpk; ,we;jJk; fpk; nahq; 11 Ml;rp mjpfhuj;Jf;F te;jhH. 1997 ,y; mtH nfhupa njhopyhsH fl;rpapd; nghJr; nrayhuhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH. 1998 ,y; Njrpa ghJfhg;G Mizaj;jpd; jiytuhf epakpf;fg;gl;lhH. ,JNt tl nfhupahtpy; kpf caHe;j gjtpahFk;.

tl nfhupah ,uhZtj;jpy; 10 ,yf;fk; gilapdH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. 2002 ,y; tl nfhupah 1994 Mk; Mz;L mnkupf;fhNthL vOjg;gl;l xg;ge;jj;Jf;F Kuzhf mZ MAj cw;gj;jpj; jpl;lj;ij eilKiwg; gLj;Jk; nra;jp ntspahdJ. tl nfhupah gd;dhl;L mZ Mw;wy; epWtdj;ij ntspNaw;wpaJ. 2003 eLg; gFjpapy; gd;dhl;L mZgutyhf;fYf;F vjpuhd cld;gbf;ifapy; ,Ue;J mJ tpyfpf; nfhz;lJ. mNj Mz;L MAj - ju GSl;Nlhdpak; jahupg;gpy; ntw;wp fz;Ltpl;ljhfTk; Nkw;nfhz;L mZ MAj cw;gj;jpapy; <Lglg; NghtjhfTk; tl nfhupah njuptpj;jJ.

Mf];l; 2003 njhlq;fp ,Jtiu mnkupf;fh> njd; nfhupah> ag;ghd;> cUrpah> rPdh Mfpa ehLfNshL ehd;F Rw;Wg; Ngr;R thHj;ijfs; ele;J Kbe;jhYk; ,zf;fk; vJTk; vl;lg;gltpy;iy.  filrpr; Rw;W Ngr;R thHj;ijia mLj;J ntspapl;l $l;lwpf;ifapy; tl nfhupah jdJ mZ MAj cw;gj;jpiaf; iftpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mnkupf;fh jdJ gq;Ff;Fj; njd; nfhupa ehl;by; mZ MAjq;fs; itj;jpUf;ftpy;iy vd;Wk; tl nfhupah kPJ mZf;Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjy; elj;jNth my;yJ mjidg; gpbf;fNth jpl;lk; vJTk; ,y;iy vd;Wk;  mwptpj;jJ.

tl nfhupahtplk; mZf; Fz;Lfs; ,Uf;fpd;wdth? Mk; vd;why; vj;jid Fz;Lfs;? mnkupf;f Gydha;Tj;Jiw tl nfhupahtplk; 11 mZf;Fz;Lfs; nra;tjw;fhd GSl;Nlhdpak; ,Ug;gjhf kjpg;gpLfpwJ. fle;j ngg;utup khjk; tl nfhupah  jhd; xU mZf;Fz;il jahupj;Jtpl;ljhf mwptpj;jpUe;jJ.

tl nfhupa ,uhZtk; gytPdkhdJ - xU kuGtopg; NghH ntbj;jhy; mjpy; jhd; ntw;wpthif #l KbAk; vdTk; mq;F xU Ml;rp khw;wj;ijf; nfhz;Ltu KbAk;  vdTk; mnkupf;fh ek;GfpwJ. mnkupf;fh NghLfpw fzf;Fj; jg;gh rupah vd;gJ gpd;dHjhd; njupAk;. ,uhf;> Mg;fhdp];jhd; ,uz;L ehLfspYk; mnkupf;fh eha;glhg; ghL gLrpwJ. me;jg; ghl;ilg; ghHj;jhy; mJ elf;fpw fhupakhfj; Njhd;wtpy;iy.

rpy ehLfs; kl;Lk; mopthAjq;fis itj;jpUf;fyhk;> kw;wtHfSf;F me;j cupik fpilahJ vd; mnkupf;fh Vd nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;? ,t;thW tl nfhupa. ,uhd; Nghd;w ehLfs; Nfl;fpd;wd. vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf mnkupf;fh ifapUg;gpy; itj;jpUf;fpw mZ MAjf; FtpaYf;F Nkyhf ,uz;L Gjpa Kiw mZ MAjq;fis cw;gj;jp nra;a ,ufrpakhf Muha;r;rp nra;fpwJ. mg;gb vd;why; tl nfhupah Vd; mZ MAj Nrhjid nra;af; $lhJ?

 

mnkupf;fh kw;w ehLfisj; jhf;fpg; gpbg;gjw;F vspjhf ,Uf;f - me;j ehLfs; ntWk; ifNahL ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd tw;GWj;JfpwJ.

 

mjhtJ jdf;nfhU epahak; kw;wtHfSf;F ,d;ndhU epahak; vd mnkupf;fh nrhy;fpwJ. ,jw;Fg; ngaHjhd; Gjpa cyf xOq;F!  (cyfj;jkpoH - xf;NjhgH 07>2006)

 

 


 

fiyQH fUzhepjpf;F tuyhW nfhLj;jpUf;Fk; tha;g;G!

 

nrd;w khjf; filrpapy; jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FOnthd;W nrd;idapYk; jpy;ypapYk; Jiz mikr;rH xUtiuAk;> murpay; jiytHfisAk;  caH mjpfhupfisAk; re;jpj;J jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; epahaj;ij vLj;Jf; $wp ,dr; rpf;fYf;F epahakhd ePjpahd jPHnthd;iwf; fhz ,e;jpah cjt Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lJ. 

 

nrd;idapy; kWkyHr;rp jpuhtpl Kd;Ndw;wf; fofg; nghJr;nrayhsH itNfh> ghujPa [djhf; fl;rpj; jiytH ,y. fNzrd;> ,e;jpa fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpj; jiytHfs; V.gp. gujd;> .b.,uhrh MfpNahiuj; JhJf; FO re;jpj;Jg; NgrpaJ.    

 

jpy;ypapy; Jiz ntspAwT mikr;rH E. mfkl;>  gpujkuJ ghJfhg;G MNyhrfH vk;.Nf. ehuhazd;> mLj;J ntspAwT nrayhsH gjtpapy; mkug; Nghfpw rptrq;fH Nkdd; MfpNahiur; re;jpj;Jg; NgrpaJ.

 

Kd;dhs; ,uh[Pt; fhe;jp nfhiyf;Fg; gpwF jkpo; ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; jpy;ypapy; ,e;jpa murpay;thjpfisAk; mjpfhupfisAk; re;jpj;Jg; NgrpaJ ,JNt Kjy; jlitahFk;. me;jstpy; ,e;jr; re;jpg;Gf;fs; murpay; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jit MFk;.

 

,uh[Pt; fhe;jpapd; nfhiyf;Fg; gpd;dH ,yq;ifr; rpf;fypy; jpUePyfz;liug; Nghy; “jiyaplhf; nfhs;if'ia ,e;jpah filg;gpbj;J te;jJ. Mdhy; mz;ikf; fhykhf  ,e;jpah ,yq;ifr; rpf;fypy; jiyapl;L xU RKfkhd murpay; jPHit Vw;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zk; tYj;J tUfpwJ.

 

=yq;fhtpd; Ml;rpj; jitH kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr Neubahfj; jpy;yp nrd;W ,e;jpahtpd; jiyaPl;il ahrpj;jpUe;jhH.

 

Mdhy; ,e;jpahNth “ve;jj; jPHTk; =yq;fhtpd; ,iwik> xUikg;ghL> xw;Wik Mfpatw;Wf;F CW NeuplhjthW vy;yh ,dj;jtHfsJ mgpyhirfisAk; epiwT nra;fpd;wjhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;” vdf; fpspg;gps;is khjpup nrhy;yp tUfpwJ. kpf mz;ikf; fhykhf jkpo; kf;fsJ mgpyhirfis jdpahff; Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;yj; njhlq;fpAs;sJ.

 

,e;jpag; gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq;fpd; ghJfhg;G MNyhrfH vk;.Nf. ehuhazd; fLikahd Gyp vjpHg;ghsH. mjid mtH kWj;jNjh kiwj;jNjh fpilahJ. mg;gbahd xUtupd; MNyhrid vg;gb ,Uf;Fk; vd;gij ehk; Cfpj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;.

 

,yq;ifapy; mikjpiaf; nfhz;L tUtjpy; Mf;fg;G+u;tkhd gq;fspg;ig ,e;jpah nra;ahJ NghFkhapd; mJ "klj;jdkhd ntsptptfhuf; nfhs;ifapd; ghupa Njhy;tpahfg; Nghfyhk;” vd Kd;dhs; Nwhtpd; ,af;FeH J.K. rpq;fh vr;rupj;Js;shH. (India's failure to play a more active role in bringing peace to Sri Lanka may prove to be 'a monumental foreign policy blunder'  warns J.K. Sinha, a former chief of the country's external intelligence agency.)

 

vjpH ghHj;jJ NghyNt jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FO ,e;jpag; gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq;ifAk; jkpof Kjy;tH K.fUzhepjpiaAk; re;jpf;f KbahJ ntWq;ifNahL jpUk;gp ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J jkpoH jug;Gf;F xU ,uhrje;jpuj; Njhy;tp vdj; njd;dpyq;if Clfq;fs; fUj;J ntspapl;Ls;sd. rpq;fs-gTj;j ,dthj murpay; fl;rpfSf;Fk; jiytHfSf;Fk; re;jpg;Gj; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ kl;lw;w kfpo;r;rpiaf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. NkYk; rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rf;fis Gwe;js;sp ghupa ,uhZt eltbf;iffis NkYk; KLf;fptpl =yq;fhtpw;F ,J kpfTk; tha;g;ghf mike;J tpl;lJ.

 

nghJthf ,e;jpag; gpujkiu =yq;fhtpd;; Ml;rpj; jiytH Neupy; re;jpf;f KbAk;.  =yq;fhtpd; vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytUk; gpujkiur; re;jpf;f KbAk;. Mdhy; murpay; fl;rpj; jiytHfs; gpujkiur; re;jpg;gJ tof;fk; ,y;iy.

 

Mdhy; jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FOitg;  gpujkH re;jpf;fj; jahH mjw;fhd Neuk; Nfl;L fbjk; vOjpdhy; gpujkH re;jpg;ghH vd;W itNfh Clfq;fSf;Ff; nfhLj;j nrt;tp gpujkH – jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FO  re;jpg;G rhj;jpak; vd;w vjpHghHg;ig Vw;gLj;jpaJ.

 

Kjypy; gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq; fpA+ghtpy; ele;j mzpNruh khehl;Lf;F mtrukhff; fpsk;gpg; NghfpwhH> mtH ehL jpUk;gpaJk; re;jpg;G rhj;jpak; vd;W nrhy;yg;gl;lJ.

 

,e;J];jhd; ehNsl;bd; nfhOk;G epUgH gpNf ghyr;re;jpud; jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FO gpujkH lhf;lH khd;Nkhfd; rpq;if nrg;njk;gH 22 (nts;spf;fpoik) re;jpf;fpwJ vd vOjpapUe;jhH. Mdhy; re;jpg;G ,lk;ngwtpy;iy.

 

“vd;idr; re;jpf;f Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy. JhJf; FO Jiz ntspAwT mikr;riuAk; ghJfhg;G MNyhrfiuAk; ntspAwT nrayhsiuAk; re;jpf;f Vw;ghL nra;fpNwd;”; vdg; gpujkH itNfhTf;Fr; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fyhNk? Vd; mg;gb mg;NghNj nrhy;ytpy;iy? NkYk; fpA+ghTf;Fg; NghF Kd;dNu re;jpg;G rhj;jpak; ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;yp ,Uf;fyhNk? mg;gbr; nrhy;yp ,Ue;jhy; jNj$ ehlhSkd;wf; FO jpy;ypapy; fhj;jpUf;f Ntz;b mtrpak; ,Ue;jpUf;fhNj?

 

gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq; mtHfSldhd re;jpg;G eilngwhJ Nghdjw;F mikr;rH jahepjp khwDf;Fk; - itNfhtpw;Fk; ,ilapyhd gdpg; NghH fhuzk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. mikr;rH jahepjp khwd;jhd; jkpo;ehl;by; vjpH mzpapy; ,Uf;Fk; itNfhtpw;F ,e;jr; re;jpg;G Vw;ghL njhlHghd ‘Gfo;”  Ngha;tplf; $lhJ vdf; fuprid fhl;bajhff; $wg;gLfpwJ. ,jpy; cs;s cz;ik ngha; njupatpy;iy. Mdhy; mg;gb jahepjp khwd; nra;jpUe;jhy; mjpy; tpag;G xd;Wk; ,y;iy.

 

,uh[Pt; fhe;jp nfhiyf;Fg; gpd;dH fiyQH fUzhepjpia  tp.Gypfs; neUq;fhjthW ghHj;Jf; nfhz;ltH Kunrhyp khwd;. jpKf – tp.Gypfs; cwthy; kj;jpa muNrhlhd cwT ghjpj;J tpLk; mjdhy; jdJ gjtpf;F Mgj;J te;JtpLk; vd mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j Kunrhyp khwd; vz;zpdhH. fiyQH fUzhepjp jdJ  “kdl;rhl;rpahf” tpsq;fpa kUkfd; Kunrhyp khwd; MNyhridg; gbNa ele;jhH vd;gJ njupe;jNj.

 

khwd; FLk;gj;Jf;Fk; jkpo;g; gw;Wf;Fk; fpQ;rpj;Jk; cwT fpilahJ. Kunrhyp khwd; jdJ gps;isfSf;Nf jkpo;g;ngaH #l;lhJ rkw;fpUjg; ngaH itj;jtH. mtuJ FLk;gj;Jf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd  njhiyf;fhl;rpf;Fj; jkpopy; ngaH itf;fhJ Mq;fpyj;jpy; “rd; uptp” vdg; ngaH itj;jtH.

 

njhiyf;fhl;rpapy;  jkpq;fpyjijg; GFj;jp mjid tsHf;Fk; ngUik rd; njhiyf;fhl;rpiaNa NrUk;.  mjpy; xspgug;gg;gLk; “jq;f Ntl;il” vd;w epfo;r;rpiag; ghHj;jhNy rd; njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; jkpq;fpyk; vt;tsT Jhuk; NfhNyhr;RfpwJ vd;gijf; fz;zhuf; fhzyhk;. Nfl;lhy; “ehq;fs; jkpio tsHf;fj; njhiyf;fhl;rp elj;jtpy;iy gzk; Njlj;jhd; mjid elj;JfpNwhk;” vd;W ve;j ntl;fNkh Jf;fNkh ,d;wp jahepjp – fyhepjp ,UtUk;  nrhy;fpwhHfshk;!  fdlhtpYk; ,Nj fijjhd;.

 

gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq;ifr; re;jpf;f Kbatpy;iy Fiwe;jJ jkpof Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiar; re;jpe;J ,Uf;fyhk; my;yth? fiyQH fUzhepjpiaAk; re;jpf;f jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FO vLj;j Kaw;rp mj;jidAk; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ.

 

Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiar; re;jpf;f jNj$ ehlhSkd;wf; FO ehiye;J ehs;fs ehahfg; Ngahf nrd;idj; njUf;fspy;; miye;jhHfs;.

 

,g;NghJ Kjy;tH fUzhepjp jd;idr; re;jpf;f jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FO Kaw;rpf;fNt ,y;iy vd;W ngupa G+rzpf;fhiar; Nrhw;Wf;Fs; kiwf;fpwhH.

 

jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FO Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiar; re;jpf;f nrd;id te;jpUf;fpwJ vd;w nra;jp ehshe;jk; nra;jp VLfspy; te;j tz;zk; ,Ue;jd. ,e;j mfitapYk; mjpfhiy 5.00 kzpf;Nf md;W ntspahd nra;jpj;jhs;fisg; gbj;JtpLk; gof;fj;ijf; nfhz;l Kjy;tH fUzhepjp ,e;jr; nra;jpiag; gbf;ftpy;iyah? gbf;ftpy;iy vd;W mtH nrhd;dhy; mij ahUk; ek;gkhl;lhHfs;. “vd; mg;gd; FjpUf;Fs; ,y;iy” vd;w nrhd;dtd; fijjhd;.

 

fle;j A+iy Kjy; thuj;jpypUe;Nj jNj$ ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpsHfs; jkpofj; jiytu;fisr; re;jpg;gjw;fhd Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhs;fpwhHfs; vd;w nra;jp mbglj; njhlq;fp tpl;lJ. ,e;j Vw;ghl;il fhe;jsk; f.rr;rpjhde;jd; nra;jpUe;jhH. re;jpg;Gf;fhd fhy Neuk; Nfl;L fbjq;ffis jkpouRf; fl;rpapd; fbjj; jiyg;gpy; mtHjhd; mDg;gp ,Ue;jhH.

 

,e;jf; fbjq;fs; Kjyikr;ru; fUzhepjp> mjpKf nghJr; nrayhsu;  n[ayypjh> jpuhtpl Njrpa Kw;Nghf;F jpuhtplu; fofj; jiytu; ebfu; tp[afhe;j;> Gjpa jkpofk; fl;rpj; jiytu; fpU\;zrhkp kw;Wk; ,e;jpa khu;f;rp];l; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpapd; jkpof jiytHfs; MfpNahUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;ld.

 

nrg;njk;gH 01  - Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiar; re;jpg;gjw;F Neuk; jUkhW Nfl;L  ehlhSkd;w .cWg;gpdH ,uh. rk;ge;jDk; khit NrdhjpuhrhTk; ifnaOj;jpl;l  fbjj;ij fiyQupd; tPl;bw;F Neupy; nrd;W mq;Fs;s mjpfhupfsplk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. 

 

nrg;njk;gu; 4  - xU epidT+l;ly; fbjk; mDg;gg;gl;lJ. me;jf; fbjj;jpy; nrg;njk;gu; 6 Mk; ehSf;F Kd;du; re;jpg;gjw;F Neuk; xJf;fpj; jUkhW Ntz;Ljy; tpLf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

nrg;nlk;gu; 7  -  gpw;gfy; 2 kzpastpy; ,uh. rk;ge;jd; mtHfshy; ifnaOj;jpl;L fiyQupd; tPl;Lf;Fj; njhiyg; gb xd;W mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

nrg;njk;gu; 7  - 14 Mk;  jpfjpf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,uh. rk;ge;jDk; khit NrdhjpuhrhTk; Kjyikr;ru; fUzhepjpapd; nrayhsu; rz;KfehjDld; mbf;fb njhiyNgrp %yk; njhlu;G nfhz;L re;jpg;Gf;fhd Neuk; Fwpj;J Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jdu;. mit midj;Jf;Fk;; gy;NtW rhf;Fg; Nghf;Ffs; $wp mtH fhyj;ij ,Oj;jbj;jhH.

 

nrg;njk;gH 14 - ez;gfy; jpuhtplu; fofj; jiytu; fp.tPukzpiar; re;jpj;J fiyQUf;F mDg;gpa fbjj;jpd; gbnahd;W ifaspf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

nrg;nlk;gu; 19 – jNj$ ehlhskd;wj; JhJf; FO GJby;ypf;Fg;  Gwg;gl;Lr; nrd;wJ.

 

tPL Njb te;jtHfis tuNtw;W cgrupg;gJjhd; jkpoHfSila ehfupfk;.  ,d;Dk; nrhy;yg; Nghdhy; tPl;Lf;F te;jtHfs; gifahspfshf ,Ue;jhYk; gliyapy; itj;Jg; Ngrhky; tPl;Lf;Fs; mioj;Jg; NgRtJjhd; jkpoHfSila gz;ghL. FwSf;F Xtpak; jPl;ba lhf;lH fUzhepjpf;F> njhy;fhg;gpag; G+q;fh vOjpa Kjy;tUf;F>  jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;ijf; fiuj;Jf; Fbj;j fiyQUf;F ,jid nrhy;yNth epidT gLj;jNth Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy.

 

fiyQH fUzhepjp xU fhyj;jpy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ijj; jPtpukhf Mjupj;jtH. 1986 Nk 4 Mk; ehs; kJiuapy; jkpoPo MjuthsH (TESP) khehl;il gpukpf;fj;jf;f tifapy; elj;jpf; fhl;bath. 1990 ,y; jkpoHfsJ FUjp gbe;j ifNahL ehL jpUk;gpa ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;ij nrd;idapy; tuNtw;f kWj;jtH.

 

“<oj; jkpou;fSf;F xU NghJk; JNuhfpahfp tpl khl;Nld;' (jpdf;Fuy;) 

“cyfpy; ve;j %iyapy; thOfpd;w jkpoDk; Jd;gg;gLk;NghJ mtDf;fhff; Fuy; nfhLg;Ngd;” (jpdf;Fuy;)

“<oj;jkpoh;fspd; Nghuhl;lk; mikjp top %yk; jPh;T fhz Kbahtpbd; fj;jpapd;wp ,uj;jkpd;wpg; gphpe;j nrf;Nfh - rpyhthf;fpah Nghd;W ,Uehlhfg; gpupe;J nfhs;tNj rpwe;jJ” (fiyQH fUzhepjpapd;  77 MtJ gpwe;j ehs; tpoh ciu).

“,yq;ifapYs;s jkpo; kf;fspd; epahaG+u;tkhd Nghuhl;lq;fSf;Fk;> tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; jp.K.f. muNrh my;yJ ehNdh xUNghJk; vjpuhspfs; my;y> ,yq;ifapy; jkpo; kf;fs; RgPl;rkhf tho Ntz;Lk;> mq;F rkhjhdk; Vw;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj vdJ ngUtpUg;gk;”  (jpdf;Fuy;)  

“cyfj; jkpou;fspd; ftdj;ij <u;j;Js;sJk;> njhlu;e;J ftiy mspj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gJkhd ,yq;ifj; jkpou;fs; gpur;rpid mikjp Ngr;Rthu;j;ijapd; %yk; tpiutpy; jPHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;W jkpo;ehl;L kf;fspd; ,e;j muR tpUk;GfpwJ” ( MSeu; ciu – Nk 2006)

Ngr;nry;yhk; gy;yf;fhf ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; eilKiwapy; xd;iwAk; fhNzhk;!

fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; muR xU rpWghd;ik muR vd;gij ehk; mwpNthk;.  rl;lrigapy; ngUk;ghd;ik gyj;Jf;F ,e;jpa Njrpak; NgRfpw jkpo;ehL ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; Mjutpy;; jppKf Ml;rp jq;fp ,Ug;gJk; cz;ikNa. Kd;dH tp.Gyp MjuthsH vd;gjw;fhf Ml;rpia ,uz;L Kiw gwpnfhLj;jtH vd;gJk; rupNa. mjdhy; %d;whtJ KiwAk; Ml;rpia ,of;f mtH tpUk;ghky; ,Uf;fyhk;.

Mdhy; Ml;rp mjpfhuk; gjtp Mfpatw;iw tpl jd;khdk; ,dkhdk; ngupaJ.

khepy muR ,e;jpa fhq;fpurpd; jatpy; ,Ug;gJ NghyNt kj;jpa muRk; jpKftpd; jatpy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij kwe;Jtplf; $lhJ. Ml;rp gwpNghdhYk; tuyhW Kjy;tH lhf;lH fiyQH fUzhepjpiag;  Nghw;w kwf;fhJ. 

cs;shl;rp NjHjy; Kbe;jJk; fiyQH fUzhepjp jNj$ ehlhSkd;wj; JhJf; FOTf;F miog;G mDg;gpf; $g;gpl;Lg; Ngr Ntz;Lk;.

mg;ghtpj; jkpog;; nghJkf;fs; kPJ =yq;fh ,uhZtk; ,d mbg;gilapy;   fz;%bj; jdkhd nfhiy ntwpj; jhf;Fjy;fis elj;jp tUfpwJ. nfhiy> nfhs;is> ghypay;td;Kiw> Ms;flj;jy;> fhzky; Nghjy; nghUshjhuj; jil Nghd;wtw;why; jkpo; kf;fs; gl;bdp fple;J grpay; nkype;J Nehahy; thb tjq;FfpwhHfs;. gpwe;j kz;zpy; mr;rkpd;wp ghJfhg;NghLk; cupikNahLk; tho Kbahky; my;yy; gLfpwhHfs;.

<oj; jkpou; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; cs;s epahaj;ij kj;jpa muRf;F Gupa itj;J jkpkPo  kf;fsJ tpbTf;F xU ePjpahd jPHit fiyQH fUzhepjpahy; ngw;Wj; ju Ntz;Lk;. tuyhW ,e;j ey;y tha;ig mtUf;F toq;fpAs;sJ. (cyfj;jkpoH - xf;NjhgH 06>2006) 

 


 

mnkupf;fhtpd; mur gaq;futhjj;jhy; mjpfupj;Js;s gaq;futhjk;

 

ifg; Gz;Zf;F fz;zhb Ntz;Lkh? vd;gJ gonkhop. mnkupf;f Gydha;Tj;Jiw ,uhf; gilnaLg;gpd; tpisTfs; gw;wp xU ,ufrpa mwpf;if jahupj;Js;sJ. mJ njhlHghf epA+ NahHf; iuk;]; (New York Times) nra;jpj;jhs; vOjpAs;sJ.

 

mnkupf;f Gydha;Tj;Jiw jahupj;Js;s ,e;j ,ufrpa mwpf;if ,uhf; kPJ mnkupf;fh elhj;jpa ,uhZtj; jhf;FjNy gaq;futhjk; mjpfupg;gjw;Fk; cyfshtpa mstpy; ,];yhkpa jPtputhjk; NkNyhq;Ftjw;Fk; fhuzk; vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;LfpwJ.

 

,Nj fUj;ijj;jhd;  ePjp epahak; rl;lj;jpd; Ml;rp Mfpatw;wpy; ek;gpf;if cs;stHfs; ePz;lfhykhfg; NgrpAk; vOjpAk; tUfpwhHfs;. mtHfs; Vw;fdNt nrhy;ypaijj;jhd; ,g;NghJ mnkupf;f Gydha;Tj;Jiw ePz;l Ma;Tg; gpd;dH fz;L gpbj;Js;sJ!

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\; ,uhf; kPjhd gilnaLg;Gf;Fg; gpd;dH cyfk; ghJfhg;;ghf cs;sJ vd;W tplhg;gpbahf Ngrp tUtij ,e;j ,ufrpa mwpf;ifapd; KbT  Kw;W KOjhf kWj;Js;sJ.

 

gpgprp epWtdj;jpd; ghJfhg;G epUgH Rob Watson “mnkupf;f Gydha;Tj;Jiw ,uhf; kPjhd mnkupf;f gilnaLg;Gj;jhd; gaq;futhjk; mjpfupg;gjw;Fk; ,];yhkpa jPtputhjk; NkNyhq;Ftjw;Fk; fhuzk; vd;W nrhy;tJ ,Jjhd; Kjy; jlit my;y. ,g;gb elf;Fk; vd;W mnkupf;f Gydha;Tj;Jiw mnkupf;f gilnaLg;Gf;F Kd;dUk;  nts;is khspifia vr;rupj;jpUe;jJ” vd;fpwhH.

mnkupf;f csTj;Jiw jw;NghJ jahupj;Js;s ,e;j ,ufrpa mwpf;if kpfTk; tpupthdJ> 16 csT epWtdq;fspd; Ma;tpd; mbg;gilapy; vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ. me;j mwpf;iff;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s jiyg;G “xU Njrpa Gydha;T kjpg;gPL" ( A National Intelligence Estimate) vd;gjhFk;.

 

epA+NahHf; iuk;]; me;j ,ufrpa mwpf;ifiag; gbj;jtHfs; my;yJ mjid tiuAk; gzpapy; <Lgl;l mjpfhupfNshL Ngrpg; ghHj;jjpy; mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ elhj;jpa gilnaLg;gpd; %yk; ,uhf;ifj; jdJ ,uhZtg; gpbf;Fs; itj;jpUg;gjhy; ,uhf; cyfshtpa mstpy; xU Gjpa jiyKiw ,];yhkpa jPtputhjpfisAk; cw;gj;jp nra;Js;sjhf me;j mwpf;if $Wfpwjhk;. 

 

,uhf;fpy; NghupLk; ,];yhkpa jPtputhjpfs; NghH Kbe;J jq;fs; nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj;  jpUk;Gk; NghJ mq;NfAk; jPtputhjj;ijAk; td;KiwiaAk; tpijf;ff; $Lk; vd me;j mwpf;if NkYk; vr;rupf;fpwJ. mt;thW Kd;dUk; ele;jpUf;fpwJ.  vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf vz;gJfspy; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpaj;Jf;F vjpuhd Gdpj Nghupy; rz;ilapl;l jPtputhjpfNs NghH Kbe;j gpd;dH Mg;fdp];jhdpy; jypghd; Ml;rpia epWtpdhHfs;. jypghd; vd;why; khztHfs; vd;w nghUs;.

 

gpy; Nyldhy; Cf;Ftpf;fg;gl;l my; FNta;jh jPtputhjpfs; 9/11 jhf;FjYf;Fg; gpd;dH gytPdg; gLj;jg; gl;bUf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,];yhkpa jPptputhj ,af;fk; cyfshtpa mstpy; Gjpa FOf;fis cUthf;fpajhYk; GJf; fyq;fis (cells) mikj;jjhYk; gykile;J ,Uf;fpwJ. ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; gpd; Nyldpd; Neubf; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,Uf;fpwhHfs; vd;W nrhy;tjw;F ,y;iy.

“gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; xd;wpy; ePq;fs; vq;fs; gf;fk; ,Uf;fwPHfs;  my;yJ vq;fSf;f vjpuhf ,Uf;fpwPHfs; (either with us or against us )  vd;gJjhd; NahH[; G\; mtHfsJ Kof;fkhFk;. eLepiyf;F mtuJ murpay; mfuhjpapy; ,lNk ,y;iy.

 

gaq;futhjk; gw;wp vy;NyhUk; NgRfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; mjw;F ,d;Dk; tiutpyf;fzk; vOjg;gltpy;iy. ma;ad;dh mjw;fhd Kaw;rpapy;

<Lgl;Ls;sJ.

 

mfuhjp “ gaq;futhjk;” vd;gJ murpay; my;yJ jj;Jt fhuzq;fSf;fhf xUtH my;yJ xU mikg;G xU rKjhaj;ij  my;yJ muirg; gaKWj;jp mbgzpa itg;gjw;F rl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhf my;yJ mr;RWj;Jk; Nehf;NfhL td;Kiw my;yJ gyj;ijg; gad;gLj;JtJ” vd tiutpyf;fzk; nra;fpwJ.

 

Mdhy; ,g;NghJ mur gaq;futhjk; gw;wpAk; Ngrg;gLfpwJ. xU ehL ,d;ndhU ehl;ilr; rl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhfg; gilnaLj;J mjidf; ifg;gw;wp itj;jpUg;gJ mur gaq;futhjk; MFk;. ,e;j tiutpyf;fzj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,uhf; kw;Wk; Mg;fhdp];jhd; ehLfs; kPJ mnkhpf;fh rl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhfg; gilnaLj;J me;j ehLfis ifg;gw;wp itj;jpUg;gJ mur gaq;futhjkhFk;.

 

xUtH my;yJ xU nfupy;yhg; Nghuhsp jdJ ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;j my;yJ gilnaLj;J mjidj; gpbj;J itj;jpUf;Fk; ehl;Lf;F vjpuhf MAjk; vLj;Jg; NghuhLtJ gaq;futhjk; my;y. gd;dhl;Lr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; mtH gaq;futhjpAk; my;yH.

xU murpdJ nfhs;ifia Kwpabg;gjw;F my;yJ mjid khw;Wtjw;F cupa mikjp topfs; %lg;gLk; NghJ Vyhf;fl;lj;jpy; jkJ murpay; ,yf;Ffis milag; gaq;futhjpfs; Majq;fis Jhf;fj; js;sg;gLfpwhHfs;. gaq;futhjpfs; jhq;fs; murpay; topKiwfspy; ,Ue;J xJf;fg;gl;bUg;gjhfTk; mjid khw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;why; td;Kiw topia  ehLtij tpl NtW topapy;iy vd;W epidf;fpwhHfs;.

 

gaq;futhjk; Njhd;Wtjw;F epyj;ij mlhj;jhff; ifg;gw;wp itj;jpUg;gJ xU Kf;fpa fhuzk; MFk;. epyg; gpzf;F> murpay; xLf;Fkiw kw;Wk; nghUshjhu Ruz;ly; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F cukhfpwJ.

 

ghy];jPdpak; kw;Wk; nygdd; kf;fSf;F vjpuhf mnkupf;f - ,];Nuy; ehLfs; Nkw;nfhz;l gilnaLg;Gk; mlf;FKiwAk; xLf;FKiwAk; jd;id Majk; Ve;j epHg;ge;jpj;jjhf xrhkh gpd; Nyld; $wp ,Uf;fpwhH.

 

rpy muRfs; gaq;futhjpfs; vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;Ls;sd. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kw;Wk; Mg;fhdp];jhd; kPJ gilnaLj;J mtw;iwf; ifg;gw;wpaJ> 1967 ,y; ele;j Nghupy; ,];Nuy; ghy];jPdj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpaJ mur gaq;futhjkhFk;. 

 

1986 Mk; Mz;L cyf ePjpkd;wk; epf;fuFth (Nicaragua) kPJ gilnaLj;j mnkupf;fhitf; Fw;wthspahff; fz;L jPHg;gspj;jJ. ePjpkd;wk; jdJ jPHg;gpy; mnkupf;fh epf;fuFth kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjy; mur gaq;futhjk; vdf; $wpaJ. mnkupf;fh nfhd;wh]; (Contras) vd;w tyJrhup ,af;fj;jpw;F ,uhZtg; gapw;rpAk; Majq;fisAk; toq;fpaJ. nfhd;why; gpd;dH epf;fUFthit Ml;rp nra;j ,lJrhup  rd;bdp];uh (Sandinista) muR kPJ jhf;Fjy; elhj;jpaJ. 

 

kj mbg;gilthjpfshy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; fz;%bj;jdkhd gaq;futhjk; fz;bf;fg;gl Ntz;baNj. gazpfs; tpkhdq;fis thdpy; jfHg;gJ> njhlHtz;bfisj; jhf;FtJ> gs;spf;$lq;fisj; jhf;FtJ> nghJkf;fisg;  gazf;ifjpfshfr; rpiwgpbg;gJ> gaKWj;jp gzk; gwpg;gJ gaq;futhjr; nray;fNs. Mdhy; me;jg; gaq;futhjj;ij xopg;gjw;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;Lk; vjpHeltbf;iffs; kdpjTupikfsJ nrytpy; nra;ag; glf;$lhJ.

 

fle;j Mf];l; 27 Mk; ehs; nuhwd;Nuh rd; ehNsl;by; vwpf; khHf;Nfhyp]; ( Eric Margolis)  vd;w ge;jpahsH “Gypfis vupr;ry; Cl;lhjPHfs; - jkpoHfs; gy rfhg;j mlf;FKiwf;Fg; gpd;dH  jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhfg; NghuhLfpwhHfs;;"  (Don't provoke Tigers - The Tamils are fighting for their independence after decades of oppression) vd;w jiyg;gpy; xU fl;Liu tiue;Js;shH. gaq;futhjk; gw;wpa kW gf;fj;ijg; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;Lk; me;jf; fl;Liuapd; Kf;fpa gFjpfspd; jkpohf;fk; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

“,e;jf; fpoik MW jkpo;f; fdbaHfs; gaq;futhjf; Fw;wr;rhl;by; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lJ vdf;F NrH gPl;lH c];upndht; (Sir Peter Ustinov) mtHfsJ nghd;nkhopia epidT+l;LfpwJ. “gaq;futhjk; vd;gJ Viofspd; NghH. NghH vd;gJ gzf;fhuHfspd; gaq;futhjk;."  

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\pd; Nfhl;ghl;ilAk; nfhs;iffisAk; mtru mtrukhff; iff;nfhs;Sk; Nehf;Fld; gpujkH fhHg;gUila muR =yq;fh tpLJiyg; Gypf; nfupyhf;fis jdJ gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mnkupf;fh tp.Gypfis 1997 ,y; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. rpq;fs gTj;jHfSf;Fk; rpWghd;ik ,e;Jj; jkpoHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,lk;ngw;W te;j gy rfhg;j fhy neUf;fb  1983 ,y; cs;ehl;L Nghuhf ntbj;jJ. tp.Gypfs; xU Rje;jpukhd jkpo; muRf;fhf %Hf;fj;jdkhd Nghuhl;lj;ij rpq;fs muRf;F vjpuhf elhj;jp tUfpwhHfs;. ,jpy;  65>000 Nkw;gl;l kf;fs; ,we;J NghdhHfs;. ntspehLfsJ ,il<L eilngw;whYk; NghH njhlHe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.  

 

=yq;fhtpd; rpq;fstHfs; ,uhZtk;> flw;gil kw;Wk; thd; giliaj; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. tp.Gypfsplk; rpwpa MAjq;fs; kl;LNk  ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

fdba ma;up\;fhuHfs; ma;MHV f;F (IRA)  epjpAjtp nra;jhHfs;. fdba A+jHfs; gpupj;jhdpahTf;F vjpuhd ,];Nuypd; Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F MAjq;fs; thq;f epjp Nrfupj;jhHfs;. gQ;rhg; gpuptpidthj rPf;fpaHfSf;F fdba rPf;fpaHfNs epjp cjtp nra;jhHfs;. 

 

tp.Gypfs; tPuk; nrwpe;jtHfs;. jpwikahd Nghuhspfs;. mtHfis njd;fpof;F Mrpahtpd; `p];Gy;yh vd miof;fyhk;. mur gilfSf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhl  jq;fsJ cly;fis ntbFz;Lfshfg; gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;.

 

Gypfs; kpfTk; F&ukhdtHfs;. gy rkaq;fspy; nfhiyntwpahsHfs;. mtHfs; jPtputhjpfs;. mtHfsJ mikg;G kpfTk; mghakhd rHthjpfhu mikg;ghFk;.

 

Mdhy; mtHfs; mnkupf;fh fdlh nrhy;tJ Nghy; "gaq;futhjp"fs; my;yH.

 

nghJkf;fs; kPJ murpay; fhuzq;fSf;fhfj; jhf;Fjy; elj;JgtHfNs gaq;futhjpfs; vd tiutpyf;fzk; nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;. tpkhdq;fis> njhlHtz;bfis> gs;spf;$lq;fis ntbitj;Jj; jfHf;Fk; gapj;jpfhuHfs; epr;rakhf gaq;futhjpfs;jhd;. mjpy; khWghL ,y;iy.

 

Mdhy; ,e;j tiutpyf;fzj;jpd;gb Dredsen,  Hamburg,  Nuhf;fpNah> xrhf;fh> ehfhrf;fp kw;Wk; `pNuh\pkh Nghd;w efuq;fspy; tho;e;j kf;fisf; nfhd;W Ftpj;jtHfis vt;thW ehk; miog;gJ?

 

gj;jhz;LfSf;F Kd; cUrpahtpy; 100>000 nrr;rPdpa K];ypk;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. 1982 ,y; ,];Nuy; nga;Whl; efuj;jpd; kPJ Fz;Lkio nghope;jNghJ 18>000 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mnkupf;fh> fdlh kw;Wk; Nel;Njh (NATO)  ehLfs; Mg;gdp];jhd; CHfs;  kPJ fz;%bj;jdkhff; Fz;Lfis tPRfpwNj? me;j mopTf;F vd;d ngaH? my;yJ mz;ikapy; 1>000 nygdpa kw;Wk; ,];Nuy; nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfNs?  

 

,e;jf; nfhiyfis NghHf;Fw;wk; vd midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;sJ! kw;wtHfisg; gaq;futhjpfs; vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;LgtHfs; ngUk;ghYk; jhq;fNs mijtplg; ngupa gaq;futhjj;ijr; nra;fpwhHfs;.

 

jkpo;g; Gypfs; =yq;fhtpd; %d;wpy; xU gq;F epyj;ij Ml;rp nra;fpwhHfs;. mtHfisg; gaq;futhjpfs; vd miog;gJ `p];Gy;yh mikg;ig "gaq;futhjf; fhilfs;" vd miog;gJ Nghd;W nghUsw;wJ. kw;wtHfisj; jtwhf topelj;JtJ. `p];Gy;yhjhd; nygdd; ehl;bd; Coyw;w tYthd mury;yhj mikg;ghFk;.

 

ehd; Vkhw;Wtjw;Fk; gopRkj;Jtjw;Fk; "gaq;futhjk;" vd;w nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gLtij ntWf;fpNwd;. ,e;jr; nrhy; murpay; vjpupfis gprhRfs; vdr; rpj;jupf;fg;gLtjw;F xU MAjkhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. jkpo;g; Gypfspd; gifiar; rk;ghjpg;gjw;F ,J Vw;w Neuk; my;y. gy rkaq;fspy; tpy;yq;fj;ij tpiyf;F thq;fhky; ghuhKfkhf ,Ug;gJ ey;yJ. mg;gbj;jhd; Kd;ida fdba muR>  Kf;fpakhf Gypfs; mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; fdlhTf;F vjpuhf ve;jnthU jhf;FjiyAk; njhLf;fhj epiyapy;> ele;J nfhz;lJ.  

 

gaq;futhjk; vd;gJ xU rpe;jid md;W. mJ xU cj;jp. jkpo;g; Gypfs; gy rfhg;j mlf;FKiwf;Fg; gpd;dH jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhfg; NghuhLfpwhHfs;;. Nkw;Fyf ehl;ltuhfpa ehk; rfpf;f Kbahj mlf;FKiwf;F vjpuhf MAjk; jhq;fpg; NghuhLtJ vy;yh kf;fsJ cupik vd;gij kwe;J tpl;Nlhk;.

 

xl;lhth njhiytpy; cs;s ,d;ndhU me;epa NghH njhlHg;ghf Vd; %f;if Eiof;fpwJ vdf; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;tjd; %yk; fdbaHfSf;F    Gjpa ghJfhg;G rpf;fy;fis Vd; cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;? ,e;j ehl;L kf;fSf;F ,uz;lhtJ cyf ehL toq;Ffpw ey;tho;it  toq;f Kbahj epiyapy; ,e;j %f;F Eiog;G cz;ikapy; Njitah?”

 

gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhf vOJgtHfSf;F gQ;rk; ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy;  gaq;futhjj;jpd; kW gf;fj;ij Jzpr;rNyhL glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;ba vwpf; khHf;Nfhyp]; ghuhl;Lf;F cupatH. xU ,dk; jhd; ,oe;j muir kPl;nlLf;f Majk; vLj;Jg; NghuhLtJ gaq;futhjk;  my;y. mJ Mf;fpukpf;fg;gl;l  kz;iz kPl;nlLf;f elj;jg;gLk; Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; MFk;. mjid ,uhZt gyk; nfhz;L mlf;fp xLf;fptpl Kaw;rpg;gJ mur gaq;futhjk; MFk;. (gugug;G - nrj;njk;gH 26>2006) 

 


 

 

 

mzpNruh ,af;fk; ntWk; mwpf;ifg; Gypah?

mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; 14 MtJ khehL fpA+ghtpd; jiyefuhd `thdhtpy; eilngWfpd;wJ vd;w nra;jpiag; Gjpd VLfspy; gbj;j gpd;dNu mzpNruh ,af;fk; vd;nwhU mikg;G ,g;NghJk; capNuhL tho;fpwJ vd;w cz;ik gyUf;Fj; njupate;jJ. me;j mikg;ig mbNahL kf;fs; kwe;J NghdhHfs;.

,e;j khehl;by; 114 ehLfs; fye;J nfhz;ld. ma;k;gjw;Fk; mjpfkhd mur jiytHfs; fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;.  

mzpNruh ,af;fk; 1961 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fg;gl;lJ. 1955 Mk; Mz;L ,e;Njhdprpahtpy; cs;s ge;Jq; efupy; (Bandung) ele;j Mgpupf;f – Mrpa khehl;by; mwptpf;fg;gl;l nfhs;if Nfhl;ghLfNs mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; njhlf;fj;Jf;Ff; mbj;jskhf ,Ue;jJ.

kf;fsJ jd;dhl;rp cupik (peoples self-determination) mnkupf;fh Mf;fpukpg;gpd; %yk;  Nkyhz;ikiaj;  jpzpg;gjw;F vjpHg;G (Hegemony imposed by US aggression) ,dnthJf;fy; vjpHg;G> gy;fyhrhuk;> cyf mikjp> ehLfSf;F ,ilapy; xj;Jiog;G> gdpg;Nghiu KbTf;Ff; nfhz;LtUjy; Mfpad mzpNruh ,afj;jpd; jiyaha nfhs;ifahf ,Ue;jd.

1

994 Mk; Mz;L nfa;Nuhtpy; ele;j mzpNruh ,af;f khehl;lj;jpy;jhd; njd; Mgpupf;fh mjpy; NrHe;J nfhz;lJ. mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; jiyikg; nghWg;ig Vw;Wf;nfhz;l njd; Mgpupf;fh mjd; 12 MtJ khehl;il NlHgd; jiyefupy; Mf];l; 29 – nrg;njk;gH 1998 tiu elhj;jpaJ. mLj;j 4 Mz;Lfs; njd; Mgpupf;fh  mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; jiytH vd;w mbg;gilapy; ghy];jPd kf;fsJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;Fg; NguhjuT toq;fpaJ. 

 

ngg;utup 2003 ,y; kNyrpahtpd; jiyefH Nfhyhyk;G+upy; ele;j mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; 13 MtJ khehl;by; mjd; jiyikg; nghWg;igj; njd; Mgpupf;fh kNyrpahtplk; xg;gilj;jJ. ,g;NghJ mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; jiyikia  fpA+gh Vw;Ws;sJ.

mzpNru ,af;fj;jpd; jiyik fpA+ghtplk; NghapUg;gJ tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ. mnkupf;f vjpHg;G ehlhd fpA+gh mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; epWtd ehLfspy; xd;whFk;.

1979-1983 tiu fpA+gh mzpNruh ,af;fj;jpd; Fuyhf xypj;jJ. ,];Nuypd; Mf;fpukpg;Gf;F Kfk; nfhLj;j ghy];jPdpa kw;Wk; nygdd; kf;fsJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F fpA+gh MjuT nfhLj;jJ.

,g;NghJjhd; mzpfs;; ,y;iyNa? gpd; mzpNruhj ,af;fk; vjw;fhf ,Uf;fpwJ? mjd; mtrpak; vd;d?

Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; 1991 ,y; fiue;J rpjWz;lNghJ ,uz;lhtJ mzp fhzhky; Ngha;tpl;lJ. mjhtJ Nrhtpaj; xd;wpaj;jpd; jiyikapd; fPo; ,Ue;j ,uz;lhtJ cyf ehLfspd; mzp; kiwe;J tpl;lJ. gdpg;NghUk; Xa;e;J NghdJ. ,g;NghJ vQ;rpapUg;gJ xNu mzpjhd;. mJ cyf fhty;fhud; (mnkupf;fh) jiyikapy; cs;s KjyhtJ cyf ehLfspd; mzp.

,e;jpah> ghfp];jhd;> kNyrpah Nghd;w ehLfis mzpNruh ehLfs; vd;W miog;gJ vt;tsT Jhuk; nghUj;jk; vd;W njupatpy;iy.

,e;jpah ,d;W mnkupf;fhNthL neUq;fpa cwit itj;jpUf;fpwJ. ,U ehLfsJ gilfspd; $l;Lg; gapw;rp ,e;Jg; ngUq;flypy; mt;tg;NghJ eilngWfpwJ. ,e;jf; $l;LwTf;F xU fhuzk; - mnkupf;fh ghfp];jhNdhL NrHe;J f\;kPH rpf;fypy; jd;idf; ftpo;j;JtpLNkh vd;w ,e;jpahtpd; gae;jhd;.

ghfp];jhidg; gw;wp nrhy;yNt Ntz;lhk;. Mg;fdp];jhd; kPJ vg;NghJ mnkupf;fhtpd; jiyikapy; Nel;Nlh ehLfs; gilnaLj;Jj; jypghd; Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;j;jNjh md;W njhlf;fk; ghfp];jhd; mnkupf;fhtpd; nry;yg;gps;isahf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. kf;fshy; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;l Ml;rpia ,uhZg; Gul;rp %yk;  ftpo;;j;Jtpl;L Ml;rpiaj; jdJ iff;Fs; ngHNt]; K\huht; (Pervez Musharaff) vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhH.  mjw;F vjpHg;Gj; njupptpj;J mnkupf;fh ghfp];jhDf;F Md epjp kw;Wk; MAj jsghl cjtpia epWj;jpf; nfhz;lJ. gpd;dH jypghd; kw;Wk; my; nfha;jh ,uz;Lf;Fk; vjpuhd Nghupy; ghfp];jhdpd; cjtp Njitg;gl;ljhy; mnkupf;fh ghfp];jhDf;F epjp> MAj jsghl cjtpfis thup toq;fj; njhlq;fpaJ.

“jypghd;> my;nfha;jh ,uz;Lf;Fk; vjpuhfr; rz;il Nghl mnkupf;fh ghfp];jhd; nfhLj;j me;j epjp> MAj jsghl cjtpia ghNyhrp];jhd; NjrpathjpfSf;F vjpuhfg; gad;gLj;jpaJ” vd;fpwhH ghNyh];jhd; khepy rl;lrigf;Fj; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;l ghNyhrp];jhd; Njrpathjf; fl;rp cWg;gpdH mf;gH nkq;fy; (Akbar Mengal).  (Christian Science Monitor – August 28,  2006)

,d;iwa; xNuJUt (unipolar) xOq;fpy; mnkupf;f jhjh itj;jNj rl;lkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mnkupf;fh jd;dpr;irg;gb ele;J nfhs;fpwJ. jdJ Nkyhz;ikia jpzpf;f Kaw;rpf;fpwJ. jw;ghJfhg;G> tUKd; jhf;Fjy; (pre-emtive strike)  vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L mnkupf;fh Mg;fdp];jhd; kw;Wk; ,uhf; kPJ gil vLj;jJ.   

mnkupf;fhtpd; ,e;jr; rz;bj;jdj;ij ,e;jpah jl;bf; Nfl;ftpy;iy. NtW ve;j mzpNruh ehLk; thiaj; jpwf;ftpy;iy. vfpg;J> rTjp mNugpah> NahHlhd;> tisFlh ehLfs; mnkupf;fhit Mjupj;jd. kNyrpah> ,e;Njheprpah Nghd;w ,];yhkpa ehLfs; ifaJ nfhz;L nka;aJ nghj;jp kTdpahfpf; fple;jd.

,g;NghJ$l ,uhid jPtpidapd; mr;R (Axis of evil) vdr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L mjd; kPJ gilnaLg;gjw;F mnkupf;fh ntspg;gilahfTk; kiwKfkhfTk; jpl;lk; jPl;b tUfpwJ. mnkupf;fh ,uhf;fpy; khl;Lg;glhJ ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; ,uhid vg;NghNjh mJ jhf;fp ,Uf;Fk;. .  

,uhd; mZrf;jp Muha;r;rpia mZf;Fz;L nra;tjw;Fj; Njitahd nrwpTANwdpaj;ij cw;gj;jp nra;fpwJ vd  mnkupf;fh Fw;wk; rhl;LfpwJ. ,uhNdh jdJ mZrf;jp Muha;r;rp Kw;wpYk; mikjp topfSf;F – kpd;rf;jp cw;gj;jpf;F kl;LNk gad;gLj;jg; gLk; vdr; nrhy;fpwJ.

mZf;Fz;LfisAk; ePuff;Fz;LfisAk; fz;lk; tpl;Lf; fz;lhk; ghAk; mZ VTfizfisAk; kiy kiyahff; Ftpj;J mjd; Nky; Fe;jp ,Uf;Fk; mnkupf;fh ,uhidg; ghHj;J mZ Ma;T nra;ahNj vd;W nrhy;tJ vt;tsT Jhuk; epahak; vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

mnkupf;fhtpd; jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdkhd> jd;dpr;irahd> Kul;Lj;jdkhd> KHf;fj;jdkhd Nghf;if tl nfhupah> ntdp#yh> fpA+gh Nghd;w ehLfs; fLikahf vjpHf;fpd;wd. ,uhdpd; mZrf;jp jpl;lj;jpw;F mzpNruh ,af;fk; MjuT njuptpj;Js;sJ.

mnkupf;f Vfhjpgj;jpak; tPo;r;rpailfpd;wJ. Gjpa cyfk; cUthfp tUfpd;wJ vd ntdpR+yhtpd; Ml;rpj;jiytH `pA+Nfh rhnt]; (Hugo Chavez) khehl;by NgRk;NghJ  Fwpg;gpl;lhu.;

 

Mdhy;> mnkupf;fhtpw;F neUf;fkhd cwTfisf; nfhz;Ls;s ,e;jpah> ghfp];jhd;> kNyrpah Nghd;w ehLfs; mzpNruh ,af;f khehl;by; mnkupf;fhTld; NkhJk; Nghf;F cUthtijj; jtpu;f;f Kad;Ws;sd. mnkupf;fhtpd; ngaH mzpNruh ,af;fk; epiwNtw;wpa jPHkhdj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg; gltpy;iy!

 

nygdd; - ,];;Nuy; rz;ilapy; ahH Mf;fpukpg;ghsH - Nghupy; mjpfkhf ahH ghjpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;  vd;gij gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq; nrhy;yNt ,y;iy. kjpy;Nky; G+idahf ,Ue;J tpl;;lhH. ,J ,e;jpahtpd; gytPdkhd ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifapd; ntspg;ghlhFk;.  

“mzpNruh ,af;f khehL mnkupf;f vjpu;g;G khehL vd ehd; ,jidf; fUjtpy;iy” vd kNyrpahtpd; gpujku; mg;Jy;yh m`kl; gjhtp njuptpj;Js;shu;.

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapy; mnkupf;f Nkyhz;ikia mzpNruh ,af;fk; vjpHj;J epw;Fkh? nygdid ,];Nuy; gr;rb Nghl;lNghJ Rk;kh ,Ue;j mzpNruh ,af;fk; ,dpNky;jhd;  mnkupf;fhtpw;F vjpuhff; nfhLf;if tupe;J fl;bf; nfhz;L fsj;jpy; ,wq;fg; Nghfpd;wJ vd;gij ek;gyhkh?

mzpNruh ,af;f khehl;by; Ngrpa =yq;fhtpd;  Ml;rpj;jiytH kfpe;jh tp.Gypfis gaq;futhjf; FO vd tUzpj;J tpl;L gaq;futhjj;ij xopg;gjw;F mzpNruh ehLfs; jpuz;nlo Ntz;Lk; vd;W MHg;gupj;jpUf;fpwhH. mNj rkak; ghy];jPd tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F MjuT njuptpj;Js;shH.

kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nriag; NghyNt ,e;jpag; gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq; f\;kPiu kdjpy; itj;J gaq;futhjk; xopf;fg;gl Ntz;ba xU Neha; vd tUzpj;Js;shH.

,e;jpahTf;F vjpuhd vy;iy jhz;Lk; gaq;futhjj;ij ghfp];jhd; Mjupf;fpwJ vd;gNj  ,e;jpahtpd; Fw;wr;rhl;lhFk;. mNj rkak; mnkupf;fh gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; ghfp];jhdpd; gq;fspg;G nkr;rj;jf;fJ vdg; ghuhl;L kly; toq;fp kfpo;fpwJ.

 

nkhj;jj;jpy; mnkupf;fh> ,e;jpah> ghfp];jhd; fz;zh%r;rp tpisahLfpd;wd vd;W  nrhy;yj; Njhd;WfpwJ.

kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;r rup> khd;Nkhfd; rpq; rup ,uz;L NgUf;Fk; KJfpy; Gz; ,Uf;fpwJ!

kfpe;jUf;F jkpoPok; Xahj njhy;iy khd;Nkhfd; rpq; mtHfSf;F f\;kPH jPuhj jiytyp.

xl;L nkhj;j kf;fspd; jd;dhl;rp cupikg; Nghuhl;lj;ijg; gaq;futhjk; vd;W Kj;jpiu Fj;Jtjhy; rpf;fy; jPuhJ.

 “gaq;futhjk; ve;j tbtpy; gutpdhYk;> vd;d fhuzj;Jf;fhf ele;jhYk; mij “ehk;“ mikg;G Vw;Wf; nfhs;shJ. gaq;futhjj;jpy; <Lgl;ltu;fis rk;ge;jg;gl;l ehLfsplk; xg;gilf;fTk; eltbf;iffs; vLf;fTk; xj;Jiof;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

fpof;F kw;Wk; njw;F Mg;fhdp];jhdpy; jypghd; jPtputhjpfs; kPz;Lk; xd;W Nru;e;J tUtJ ftiyiaj; jUfpwJ. ,J Nghd;w rf;jpfSf;F MjuTk;> ghJfhg;Gk; nfhLg;gJ jPtputhjj;ij xopf;fg; ghLgl;L tUk; gd;dhl;L Kaw;rpf;Fg; ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jp tpLk;” vd mzpNruh khehl;Lj; jPHkhdk; $WfpwJ.

 

Mg;fdp];jhid Nel;Nlh gilfs; Mf;fpukpj;jJ gaq;futhjkh my;yJ mij vjpHj;J Mg;fdp];jhdpaHfs; NghuhLtJ gaq;futhjkh vd;gJ tpthjj;Jf;F cupaJ. 

,uhf;fpy; rup> Mg;fhdp];jhdpy; rup NahH[; G\; mtHfSk; Nuhdp gpNsaUk; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; ntw;wpngWtjhfj; njupatpy;iy!

fdlhtpd; ghjfhg;G mikr;rH Gordon O’Connor jypghid Nel;Nlh gilfs; ,uhZt mbg;gilapy; ntw;wp nfhs;s KbahJ vdf; $wpAs;shH. Aj;jk; ,d;Dk; 10 Mz;Lfs; ePbf;Fk; vd;Wk; vjpH$wy; $wpAs;shH!

,uhf;fpy; epyTk; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F mnkupf;fhNt nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;Lk;. mJ NghyNt Mg;fdp];jhd; gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fk; mnkupf;fhNt nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;Lk;. my; nfha;jh jPptuthjpfis jypghd; muR mnkupf;fhTf;F ifaspf;f kWj;jJ cz;ikNa MFk;.  Mdhy; tprhuiz \hupah rl;lj;jpd; fPo; elf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; ghfp];jhdplk; mtHfisf; ifaspf;f jypghd; rk;kjpj;jJ. NahH[; G\; Kl;lhs;j;jdkhf mjid epuhfupj;Jtpl;lhH.

mzpNruh ,af;f khehl;by; fye;J nfhz;ltHfspy; rpyH gaq;futhjpfs; vd xU fhyj;jpy; Kj;jpiu Fj;jg;gl;ltHfs; vd;gJ kdq;nfhs;sj;jf;fJ.  

“f\;kPH Nghuhl;lk; jd;Dupikf;fhd Nghuhl;lk; mJ gaq;futhjk; my;y”vdr; nrhy;yp tUk; ghfp];jhd; Ml;rpj;jiytH ngHNt]; K\huht; mzpNruh khehl;by; mt;thW Ngrtpy;iy.

mzpNruh ehLfs; vz;zpf;ifapy; mjpfkhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. Mdhy; cyfpd; xNu ty;yurhd mnkupf;fhtpw;Ff; fbthsk; NghLtjw;F me;j vz;zpf;if gyk; kl;Lk; NghJkh? mwpf;iffs; tpl;L mnkupf;f rz;baid topf;Ff; nfhz;L tu KbAkh?

mzpNruh ,af;fk; ntWk; mwpf;ifg; Gypah? my;yth vd;gijg; nghWj;jpUe;J ghHg;Nghk;.   (gugug;G - nrg;njk;gH 20>2006)

 


mnkupf;fhtpd; gilnaLg;ghy; nfhiyf; fskhf khwptpl;l ,uhf;

,uhf;fpy; vd;djhd; elf;fpwJ? gf;jhj; efu tPjpfspy; fhHf; Fz;Lfs; ntbf;fhj ehNs ,y;iy. Fiwe;jJ xt;nthU ehSk; 50-100 ,uhf;fpaHfs; nfhy;yg;gLfpwhHfs;. Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhdtHfs; fhag;gLfpwhHfs;.

.,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ gf;jhj; jiyefupd; ntt;NtW gFjpfspy; 65 rlyq;fs; fz;nlLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,tHfs; rpj;jputijf;Fg; gpd;dH Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,uz;L fhH Fz;L ntbg;gpy; 39 NgH ,we;Js;shHfs;.

fle;j khjk; kl;Lk; 1536 ,uhf;fpaHfs; td;Kiwf;Fg; gypahfpAs;shHfs;. ,tHfspy; ngUk;ghNyhH \pah MAjf; FOf;fspdhy; gop thq;fg;gl;l Rd;dp K];ypk;fs; MtH

jpq;fl;fpoik md;ghH khfhzj;jpy; ele;j rz;ilapYk; kWehs; nrt;tha;f; fpoik njd; gf;fhj; efupy; njUNthuf; Fz;L ntbj;jjpYk; 2 mnkupf;f tPuHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;L 29 NgH fhag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,tHfspy; gyH gLfhag; gl;Ls;shHfs;. khRy; efupy; NkYk; xU mnkupf;f tPuH nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. ,e;jr; rhNthL ,uhf; Nghupy; ,we;j mnkupf;f tPuHfspd; vz;zpf;if 2672 Mf caHe;Js;sJ!

,e;jf; fpoik (nrg;njk;gH 13)  ,uhf; ehl;bd; gpujkH Ehup my;-kypf;fp (Nuri al-Maliki) ,uhd; ehl;Lf;F nryT Nkw;nfhz;bUe;jhH. mtUf;F ,uhd; nrq;fk;gs tuNtw;Gf; nfhLj;J Nkd;ikg;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwJ.

gpujkH my;-kypf;fp jiyik jhq;Fk; ,uhf; muirg; ghuhl;bg; Ngrpa ,uhdpd; Md;kPfj; jiytH maj;njhyh myp nfhNkdp (Ayatollah Ali Khamenei) “,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J mnkupf;f gilfs; tpyfpf; nfhs;Sk; ehis ehd; MtNyhL vjpHghHf;fpNwd;” vdg; NgrpAs;shH.

“,uhf; me;epauplk; ,Ue;J tpLgl;L mjd; kdpj tsq;fSk; ,aw;if tsq;fSk; ,uhf;fpa kf;fsJ ey;tho;Tf;F gad;gLj;Jk; ehs; tpiutpy; tUk; vd vjpHghHf;fpNwd;. ,];yhkpa FbauR ehlhd ,uhd; ,uhf;fpa muRf;Fk; ,uhf;fpa ehl;Lf;Fk; MjuT toq;ff; flikg;gl;bUf;fpwJ”  vd myp nfhNkdp NkYk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.

,uhd; kPJ ,uhf; gilfs; nrg;njk;gH 1980 Mk; Mz;L jhf;Fjy; njhLj;jJ.  ,uhDf;Fk; ,uhf;Ff;Fk; ,ilapy; vl;L Mz;Lfs; (1980-1988) njhlHe;J NghH ele;jJ. gj;J ,yf;fk; kf;fs; Nghupy; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. 1988 Mk; Mz;L Mf];l; khjk; ,U jug;Gk; ma;ad;dhtpd; ,ilaPl;il (mediation) Vw;Wf; nfhz;L Nghiu KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;jd. ,e;jg; NghH 20 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; ele;j kpf ePz;l NghuhFk;. ePz;l Nghuhf ,Ue;Jk; ,uhDf;Nfh ,uhf;Ff;Nfh murpay; my;yJ epy mbg;gilapy; Mjhak; vJTk; fpl;ltpy;iy. mopTjhd; kpQ;rpaJ.  

,uhf; - ,uhd; Nghupy; mnkupf;fh ,uhf; ehl;il Mjupj;jJ. gpupj;jhdpah ,Jjhd; jUzk; vd;W epidj;Jf; nfhz;L ,uz;L ehLfSf;Fk; ,uhZt jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; MAjq;fs; Mfpatw;iw tpw;Wg; gzg; igia epug;gpf; nfhz;lJ!

,d;W $l ,Jjhd; elf;fpwJ. mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah> fdlh> ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpa ehLfs; nfhba NghH Ntz;lhk; rpf;fy; vJthdhYk; Ngrpj; jPHj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;W cgNjrk; nra;fpd;wd. Mdhy; cyfpy; ,e;j ehLfNs MAj cw;gj;jpapYk; mjd; tpw;gidapYk; Kd;dzpapy; ,Uf;fpd;wd!

Fil nra;fpwtd; kio nga;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W gpuhHj;jid nra;thd;. ehlfk; elj;Jgtd; kio Ntz;lhk; vd;W Fk;gpLthd;. ,UtuJ nray; NtWgl;lhYk; Nehf;fk; nghUs; <l;LtJjhd;. mJ Nghyj;jhd; MAjq;fis cw;gj;jp nra;fpw ehLfSf;Fk; NghH Njitg;gLfpwJ. Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,jid vested interest (jd; eyk;) vd;W nrhy;thHfs;.

fdlhTf;F  Nghiu ntWf;Fk; mikjpia tpUk;Gk; xU rhj;tPf ehL vd;w xU gbkk; ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; mJ xa;ahuf; nfhz;ilahk; jhok; G+thk; cs;Ns ,Uf;Fjhk; <Uk; NgDk; vd;w fijjhd;. fdlh cyfpd; Kf;fpa MAj cw;gj;jp kw;Wk; Vw;Wkjp  ehLfspy; xd;W vd;w cz;ik gyUf;Fj; njupahJ.

mz;ikapy; nygdd; kPJ ,];Nuy; Fz;Lkio nghope;jJ my;yth? ,];Nuy; nygddpy; tPrpa 500 fpNy epiwAs;s “bunker buster” Fz;Lfs; nfhj;jzpf; Fz;Lfs; (cluster bombs) midj;Jk; mnkupf;f jahupg;ghFk;.

tpkhdj; jhf;Fjypy; ,];Nuy; gad;gLj;jpa NghH tpkhdq;fspd; Kf;fpa> njhopy; El;g> kpd;dpaf;f ghfq;fs; fdba MAj cw;gj;jp njhopw;rhiyfspy; jahupj;J  tpw;fg;gl;litahFk;. ,d;ndhU Ntbf;if. ,e;j MAj cw;gj;jpf;F fdba tupapWg;ghsHfs; khdpak; toq;FfpwhHfs;! vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf fPo; tUk; %d;W KjyPLfisf; Fwpg;gplyhk;.

1)          Vvr; -64 “mghr;Nr” jhf;Fjy; cyq;FthDhHjp (AH-64 "Apache" attack helicopter) 12 fdba MAj cw;gj;jp epWtdq;fs;.  Kf;fpa xg;ge;jfhuH Nghapq; (Boeing) fdba KjyPL 71 kpy;ypad;.

2)          vt; -15 “<fps;  rz;ilj; jpwk;gilj;j/Fz;LtPr;R tpkhdk; (F-15 “Eagle” tactical fighter/bomber) 21 MAj cw;gj;jp epWtdq;fs;. Kf;fpa xg;ge;jfhuH Nghapq;. KjyPL 71 kpy;ypad;.

3)          vt; -16 "Fighting Falcon" multi-role fighter/bomber - Kf;fpa xg;ge;jfhuH nyhf;`Pl; khl;bd;. fdba KjyPL 27 kpy;ypad.;

cyf ehLfs; MAj jsghlq;fSf;F Mz;nlhd;Wf;F  900 gpy;ypad; nlhyHfisr; nrytopf;fpwJ. mNj rkak; ntspehl;L cjtpf;F 60 gpy;ypad; kl;LNk nrytopf;fg;gLfpwJ.

,uhf;fpy; ahH ahiuf; nfhy;fpwhHfs;? mJjhd; njspthfj; njupatpy;iy. my;Fitjh> rjhk; MjuthsHfs;> ,uhf; Njrpathjpfs;> \pah MAjf; FOf;fs; vd gy;NtWgl;l MAjf; FOf;fs; mnkupf;f Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gilfNshL NkhJtjw;fg; gjpy; $Ljyhfj; jq;fSf;Fs; jhq;fNs Nkhjpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. ,Jjhd; kpfg; ngupa gupjhgkhFk;.

,uhf;fpa kf;fs; kl;Lk; xw;Wikahf ,Ue;J jq;fs; ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;J te;j mnkupf;f gilia vjpHnfhz;bUe;jhy; me;jg; gil Jz;ilf; fhNzhk; Jzpiaf; fhNzhk; vd ,uhf;if tpl;L ,t;tstpy; XbapUf;Fk;.

,];yhkpa kjk; rNfhju xw;Wikf;Fg; ngaH NghdJ. mz;ikapy; K];ypk; ehlhd nygdd; kPJ ,];Nuy; Fz;L tPrpaNghJ fhj;jhd;Fb K];ypk;fs; nfhb gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L MHg;ghl;lk; nra;jhHfs;.

jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;lzp ehlhskd;w cWg;gpdHfs; ,e;jpag; gpujkH khd; Nkhfd; rpq;if re;jpj;J jkpo; kf;fs; vjpHNehf;Fk; murpay; - nghUshjhu neUf;fbfs; gw;wp fye;JiuahLtjw;F  ehSk; NeuKk; Nfl;Lj; jtk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

,Nj Neuk; =yq;fh K];ypk; fhq;fpu]; jiytH uht; `f;fPk; jpy;yp nrd;W K];ypk; ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfisAk; mikr;rHfisAk; fl;rp NtWghbd;wp ; re;jpj;J rHt rhjhuzkhfr; ,yq;if murpay; epyikgw;wpg; Ngrptpl;Lj; jpUk;gpAs;shH.

Mdhy; ,uhf;fpy; rpWghd;ik Rd;dp K];ypk; gpuptpdUk; ngUk;ghd;ik \pah gpuptpdUk; %Hf;fj;jdkhf Nkhjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j NkhjYf;F tuyhw;Wg; gpd;dzp ,Uf;fpwJ.

rjhk; FNrd; xU rHthjpfhupahf ,Uf;fyhk;. ngUk;ghd;ik \pah K];ypk;fis mlf;fp Ml;rp nra;jtuhf ,Uf;fyhk;. FHjp\; rpWghd;ikaiuf; Fz;L Nghl;Lf; nfhd;wtuhf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mtuJ Ml;rpapd; fPo; gaq;futhjk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. rl;lk; xOq;F ghJfhf;fg;gl;lJ.

mnkupf;fh jd;dpr;irahf ,uhf; NguopT MAjq;fis itj;jpUf;fpwjhfg; ngha; nrhy;yp mjd; kPJ gilnaLj;J xU Mf;fpukpg;Gg; Nghiu elj;Jtjd; fhuzkhfNt ,uhf;fpy; gaq;futhjk; jiyJhf;fp cs;sJ. 

vdNt ,uhf;fpy; ,lk;ngWk; gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fk; capH clik mopTfSf;Fk; mnkupf;fhNt nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;Lk;.

rjhk; FNrid Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;J mfw;wp tpl;L ,uhf;ifAk; mjd; vz;nza; tsj;ijAk; jdJ gpbf;Fs; nfhz;LtUtNj mnkupf;fhtpd; ,yf;fhf ,Ue;jJ. rjhk; FNrd; mfw;wg;gl;L tpl;lhH Mdhy; ,uhf;fpd; Ml;rp mjpfhuk; mnkupf;fhtpd; gpbf;Fs; tutpy;iy. nrhy;yg; Nghdhy; fpzWntl;l G+jk; Gwg;gl;lJNghy ,uhf;fpd; Ml;rp mjpfhuk; mnkupf;fhtpd; vjpupehlhd ,uhDf;F Mjuthd \pah gpuptpduJ iffSf;Fg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

nghJ kf;fs; kPJ mnkupf;fg; gilapdH Nkw;nfhs;Sk; jhf;Fjy;fs;> rpj;jputijfs; ,uhf;fpaHfsJ ntWg;ig rk;ghjpj;J tUfpwJ.

mz;ikapy; mnkupf;fg; gilapdH Rl;ljpy; xU ngz; gps;isapd; fhy; Jz;bf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. gps;isapd; jhahH Jz;bj;j fhiyj; Jhf;fpf; nfhz;L gilfisg; ghHj;Jf; fj;jpr; rj;jk; Nghl;bUf;fpwhH. gps;isia kUj;Jtkidapy; NrHg;gjw;F Kd;dH FUjpg; ngUf;fhy; mJ ,we;J Nghapw;W.

jPtputhjpfsJ xt;nthU jhf;FjYf;Fg; gpd;dH nghJkf;fs; tPjpfspy; Mbg;ghLtij njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; ghHf;f KbfpwJ.

mnkupf;fh ,g;NghJ ,uhf;fpy; ,Wjp kl;Lk; NghH vd;W nrhy;tij tpl;L tpl;lJ. ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J vg;NghJ Xb tuyhk; vd mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytH G\; ntspg;gilahfr; nrhy;yhtpl;lhYk; mJgw;wp gykhf Nahrpf;fpwhH.

,e;j Mz;L KbTf;Fs; ,uhf;fpd; miuthrp epyg;gug;gpd; ghJfhg;ig mnkupf;fh  ,uhf; ,uhZtj;jplk; ifaspj;J tpLk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpwJ. mjd; gpd; mnkupf;f gilfspd; vz;zpf;F 100>000 Mff; Fiwe;JtpLk;.

,uhf; kPjhd Mf;fpukpg;Gg; NghUf;F mnkupf;fh ,Jtiu 314 gpy;ypad; (31.400 Nfhb) nlhyHfisr; nrytopj;Js;sJ. ,Ue;Jk; ,uhf; kf;fsJ mbg;gil trjpfshd kpd;rhuk;> Fbjz;zPH rpf;fy;fs; jPHf;fg;gltpy;iy.

,uhf; NghUf;Fr; nrytopj;j gzj;ijf; nfhz;L vj;jidNah Vio ehLfspd; nghUshjuj;ij nrk;ikg;gLj;jp ,Uf;fyhk;. my;yJ mnkupf;fhtpy; cs;s kf;fs; vy;NyhUf;Fk; ,ytr kUj;Jt trjp nra;J nfhLj;jpUf;fyhk;.

1990 Mk; Mz;L ,uhf; kPJ md;iwa mnkupf;f mjpgH NahH[; vr;. G\; NghH njhLj;jhH. Mdhy; mtH rjhk; FNrid Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;J ftpo;f;f  vz;ztpy;iy. mg;gbr; nra;jhy; kj;jpa fpof;fpy; nfhe;jspg;G Vw;gLk; vd;gJ mtUf;Fj; njupAk;. mjdhy; ,uhf;if FNtj;ij tpl;L ntspNaw;WtNjhL epd;W tpl;lhH.

Mdhy; ,d;iwa Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; lGs;A+ G\; kw;Wk; mtuJ ghJfhg;G nrayH nwhdhy;l; lk;];ngy;l; (Ronald Dumsfeld) ,UtUk; ,uhf;if kpf vspjpy; ifg;gw;wpj; jkJ gpbf;Fs; nfhz;L te;J tplyhk; vd;W ek;gpdhHfs;. mJ kl;Lky;y xU Gjpa ghJfhg;Gg; gilia rpy fpoikfspy; cUthf;fptplyhk; vd;Wk; ek;gpdhHfs;.

NghH njhlq;fp ,uz;L khjq;fs; fopj;J Nk Kjy; ehs;  NahH[; G\; “te;j Ntiy Kbe;Jtpl;lJ” (Mision Accomplished) vd  USS Abraham Lincon tpkhdk; jhq;fpf; fy;gypy; epd;W nfhz;L ,Wkhg;NghL gpufldk; nra;jhH! ,d;W 3 Mz;Lfs; fope;Jk; “te;j Ntiy Kbatpy;iy!”

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytH NahH[; G\; mtHfsJ jtwhd fzpg;Gf;fNs ,uhf; ,d;W nfhiyf;fskhf khwptpl;ljw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;.  

,e;jf; Fog;gj;jpd; kj;jpapYk; ,uhf;fpy; kf;fshl;rpia epWtptplyhk; vd NahH[; G\; fdT fhz;fpwhH.

kf;fshl;rp Kiwik rpwe;j murpay; Kiwikjhd;. Mdhy; mij ahUk; ntspapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L Vw;Wkjp nra;a KbahJ.

,uhf; ,d;W Rd;dp];jhd;> \pah];jhd;> FHjp\;jhd; vd %d;W ehLfshfg; gpsTgLk; mghak; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J kj;jpa fpof;fpy; epyTk; gjl;lj;ij NkYk; mjpfupf;fr; nra;Ak;.

xU Rje;jpu FHjp\;jhid JUf;fp Vw;Wf; nfhs;shJ. njd; ,uhf;fpy; ,uhd; ghzp \pah kjrhHghd ehl;il cUthf;f Ntz;Lk; vdf; Nfl;ff; $Lk;. kj;jpa fpof;fpy; cs;s muG ehLfs; jq;fsJ rNfhjuHfSf;F tplg;gl;l vz;nza; tskw;w Rd;dp];jhid Vw;f kWf;ff; $Lk;.

mnkupf;f csT epWtdkhd rpma;V Rd;dp K];ypk;fSf;Fk; \pah K];ypk;fSf;Fk; ,ilapyhd FUjpg; NghH mz;ila ,uhd; kw;Wk; rTjp mNugpahtpw;F gutf; $Lk;. mg;gb elf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; kj;jpa fpof;fpy; xU rNfhju Aj;jk; ntbf;fyhk; - mJ vz;nza; cw;gj;jpiaAk; mjd; tsq;fiyAk; fLikahfg; ghjpf;fyhk; vd vjpH$wy; $wpAs;sJ.

rPdhtpy; 2>500 Mz;LfSf;F Kd; tho;e;j NghHj;je;jpupAk; jsgjpAkhd Rd; # (Snn Tzu) nrhd;d nghd;nkhop epidTf;F tUfpwJ.

xt;nthU NghUk; Vkhw;Wjypd; mbg;gilapy; (Every war  is based on deception) Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.  ,uhf; NghH jd;idj;jhNd Vkhw;Wk; mbg;gilapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.  (cyfj;jkpoH - nrg;njk;gH 15>2006) 

 

 


 

 

gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; mnkupf;fh Njhy;tp fz;Ls;sJ

 

nrg;njk;gH 11 mnkupf;fhtpw;F xU mjpHr;rp itj;jpak; nra;ag;gl;l ehs;. mjid ahH kwe;jhYk; mnkupf;fHfs; kwf;f khl;lhHfs;. mg;gb xU mjpHr;rp> mjpypUe;J mnkupf;fh ,d;Dk; kPstpy;iy. 

 

mnkupf;fh kw;w ehLfisj; jhf;fpAs;sJ. gy ehLfspd; Ml;rpahsHfis rjp%yk; ftpo;j;J ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; mnkupf;fhit ahUNk jhf;fpaJ fpilahJ.

 

ahUNk jhf;f KbahJ vd mnkupf;fh ,Wkhe;J ,Ue;jNghJjhd; my;nfha;jh jPtputhjpfs; gazpfs; tpkhdq;fis epA+ NfhHf; thzpf NfhGuq;fs; kPJ Nkhjpj; jfHj;jhHfs;. mjpy; 2>823 mnkupf;fHfs; gypahdhHfs;. nrg;njk;gH 11 gaq;futhjj; jhf;Fjy; tuyhw;wpy; kpf mjpfkhd capHfisg; gyp vLj;j jhf;FjyhFk;. mNj rkak; mJ ahUk; jd;id mirf;fKbahJ vd epidj;j xU ty;yurpd; nrUf;if mlf;fpa jhf;FjYkhFk;.

 

xU ehL vt;tsT gil typikNahL tpsq;fpdhYk; me;j typikf;F xU vy;iy my;yJ tuk;G cz;L vd;gij nrg;njk;gH 11 jhf;Fjy; vz;gpj;jJ.

 

kPz;Lk; mg;gbahd xU jhf;Fjiyj; jLg;gjw;F mnkupf;fh Nfhbf;fzf;fhd nlhyHfisr; nrytopj;J tUfpwJ.

 

mnkupf;fhtpd; ghJfhg;ig cWjpnra;a jdp mikr;Nr (Homeland Security) cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

mnkupf;fh jhf;fg;gl;ljw;Fg; gjpybahf mnkupf;fh Kjypy; Mg;fdp];jhd; kPJk; gpd;dH ,uhf; kPJk; jd;dpr;irahfg; gilnaLj;Jr; nrd;W mtw;iwg; gpbj;Js;sJ. 

 

nrg;njk;gH 11 Fg; gpd;dH cyfk; Kd;G Nghy ,y;iy vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. mnkupf;fhTk; mjd; el;G ehLfSk; ‘gaq;futhjj;Jf;F’ vjpuhd Nghiug; gy Kidfspy; KLf;fp tpl;Ls;sd.  

 

,Ue;Jk; xt;nthU fl;bYf;Ff; fPNoAk; ahuhtJ xU gaq;futhjp ,Uf;ff; $Lk; vd;w gak; mnkupf;fhit ehSk; nghOJk; thl;b vLf;fpwJ.

 

mnkupf;fh ,d;Dk; KOikahd ghJfhg;gpy; ,y;iy vd me; ehl;L ntspAwT mikr;ru; nfhz;lyP]h iw]; $wpAs;shu;. “ekJ ehl;il> tpkhd epiyaq;fis> JiwKfq;fis ,d;W ehk; ghJfhg;ghf itj;jpUf;fpNwhk;. Mdhy;> mJ KOikahd ghJfhg;gh vd;why;> ,y;iy. ,d;Dk; epiwar; nra;a Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ” vd;fpwhu;.

 

“nrg;lk;gu; 11 jhf;Fjypd; mjpu;r;rpapy; ,Ue;J ,d;Dk; ehk; ntspapy; tutpy;iy. ,J Nghd;w jhf;Fjy;fs; kPz;Lk; elf;fyhk;. mij jLf;f ehk; NkYk; jPtpukhfg; ghLgl Ntz;Lk;. me;j ehs; vdf;Ff; nfhLj;j ghlj;ij ehd; kwf;f khl;Nld;. ,e;j ,lj;jpy; ,d;Dk; $l vjpupfs; ,Ug;gjhfNt vdf;Fj; Njhd;WfpwJ” vdg; G\; $wpapUf;fpwhH.

 

nrg;njk;gH 11 jhf;Fjy; cyif khw;wpAs;sJ Mdhy; khw;wKbahj msTf;F khw;wptpltpy;iy. gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhf Nkw;F ehLfs; NjLk; ghJfhg;G ,d;Dk; epiwNtwtpy;iy.

 

K];ypk; - K];ypk; my;yhjhH vd;w gpupT ,d;W Kd;diutpl  tYg;ngw;Ws;sJ. G\; mtHfspd; mnkupf;f flTSf;Fk; gpd; Nyldpd; my;yhTf;Fk; ,ilapyhd NghH tYj;J tUfpwJ. 

 

nrg;njk;gH 11 jhf;Fjypd; #j;jpujhup vd;W tUzpf;fg;gLk; jPptuthjp gpd; Nyld; ,d;Dk; capNuhLjhd; ,Uf;fpwhH. mJ kl;Lky;y njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; mt;tg;NghJ  Njhd;wp mnkupf;fHf Ml;rpahsHfspd; Jhf;fj;ij nfLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH. 

 

kf;fshl;rpj; jj;Jtj;ij Vida ehLfSf;F Vw;Wkjp nra;ayhk; vd;w mnkupf;fhtpd; vj;jdk; gypf;ftpy;iy. ,uhf;fpd; rhiyfspy; ehs;NjhWk; elf;Fk; jw;nfhiiyf; Fz;L ntbg;Gf;fs;  kf;fshl;rpj; jj;Jtj;ij ntspapy; ,Ue;J Vw;Wkjp nra;a vj;jdpg;gJ vt;tsT Kl;lhs;j;jdk; vd;gij vz;gpf;fpwJ. mnkupf;fh ,Jtiu 2>600 gilapdiu ,uhf;fpy; ,oe;Js;sJ.

 

thzpff; NfhGuq;fisj; jhf;fpatHfSf;Fk; ,uhf; Ml;rpahsHfSf;Fk; ve;jj; njhlHGk; ,y;iy. jhf;fpa 19 jPtputhjpfspy; 13 NgH rTjp mNugpah ehl;ilr; NrHe;jtHfs;. Mdhy; ,uhf; mopthAjq;fis itj;jpUf;fpwJ mJ mnkupf;fhtpd; ghJfhg;Gf;F mr;RWj;jy; vdr; nrhy;ypj;jhd; mnkupf;fh ,uhf;ifj; jhf;fpaJ.

 

,uhf; ehL ,d;W mnkupf;fg; gilapdhy; Jtk;rk; nra;ag;gl;L tUfpwJ. %thapuk; mnkupf;fH ,we;jjw;F <lhf mnkupf;fh 30>000 ,uhf;fpa nghJkf;fisf; nfhz;L Ftpj;Js;sJ. mJ kl;Lky;y gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; kdpjTupikfisf; fhypy; Nghl;L kpjpj;J tUfpwJ.

 

gaq;futhjk; ,y;yhky; ,Ue;j ,uhf; ehl;by; ,d;W gaq;futhjk; jiytpupj;jhLfpwJ. xU cs;ehl;Lg; NghH mq;F ve;j NeuKk; ntbf;ff; $Lk; vd;w mr;rk; vOe;Js;sJ.

 

Mg;fdp];jhdpYk; mNj fijjhd;. jypghd; NghuhspfisAk; my; nfha;jh jPtputhjpfisAk; xLf;f NkYk; NkYk; mq;F Nel;Nlh gilfs; Ftpf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. mNj Neuk; mq;fpUe;J fdba> gpupj;jhdpa> mnkupf;f tPuHfspd; rlyq;fSk; ngl;bfspy; te;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

 

xU Ntbf;if. Mg;fdp];jhdpd; nghUshjhu tsHr;rp 14 tpOf;fhlhf caHe;Js;sJ vd gpupj;jhdpa ntspAwT mikr;rH Kim Howells khH jl;bdhH. Mdhy; me;j ehL 2003 Mk; Mz;L 21 tpOf;fhL tsHr;rpiaf; fz;lJ. mjpy; ghjp fQ;rh cw;gj;jp %yk; fpilj;jjhFk;!

 

mnkupf;fh gaq;futhjj;ij xopj;Jf; fl;lg; Nghtjhf nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L ,uhf; kw;Wk;  Mg;fdp];jhd; Nghd;w ehLfs; kPJ gilnaLj;J mtw;iwj; jdJ gpbf;Fs; itj;jpUg;gJ gaq;futhjkhFk;. gilnaLg;Gf;fs; gaq;futhjj;ij mjpfupf;fr; nra;fpwNjnahopaf; Fiwf;f cjttpy;iy. ,e;jg; ghlj;ij mnkupf;fh gbj;Jf; nfhs;s gpbthjkhf kWj;J tUfpwJ.   

 

wpr;Nrl; epf;rd; Ml;rpj; jiytuhf ,Ue;j NghJ murhq;f mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j n`d;wp fprpq;fH cjpHj;j thHj;ijfs; ftdpf;fj;jf;fJ.

 

“xU ehL me;j ehl;L kf;fspd; nghWg;gw;wjd;ik fhuzkhf fk;G+dpr ehlhf khw;wg;gLtij ehk; ntWkNd ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;f KbahJ. rpyp ehL  njhlHghd Kf;fpa KbTfis rpypa ehl;L kf;fspd; tpUg;gj;Jf;F tpl KbahJ” vd n`d;wp fprpq;fH mg;NghJ $wpdhH. ,t;thW Vida ehLfspd; cs;ehl;L tplaq;fspy; mnkupf;fh jiyapl;L kf;fshy; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;l muRfis midj;Jyf rl;lq;fSf;F Kuzhff;  ftpo;f;Fk; nray;ghLfNs mnkupf;f vjpHg;G czHtiyfis cyf kl;by; fpswp tpLfpwJ.

 

,uz;lhtJ cyfg; NghH Kbe;j gpd;dH mnkupf;fh jdJ ,uhZt gyj;ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L gy ehLfisj; jhf;fpapUf;fpwJ. my;yJ ,uhZt mbg;gilapy; jiyapl;bUf;fpwJ. nfhupah> fpof;F n[Hkdp> tpal;ehk;> ,e;Njhdprpah> fk;Nghbah> fpA+gh> fpwdlh> ,uhf;> Mg;fdp];jhd;> ypgpah> Nrhkhypah> Kd;ida A+Nfhrpyhtpah> Rlhd; vd xU ePz;l gl;bay; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,jpy; nfhupah kw;Wk; ,uhf; (1991 ,y; ,lk;ngw;w KjyhtJ tisFlhg; NghH) kPjhd jhf;FjYf;F kl;Lk; ma;ad;dh mitapd; xg;Gjy; ,Ue;jJ.

 

ghy];jPdj;jpy; mnkupf;f jiyaPL kiwKfkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,];Nuy; ghy];jPdpaj;ij xLf;Ftjw;F Ntz;ba nghUshjhu MAj cjtpia mnkupf;fh toq;fp tUf;fpwJ. ,e;j cjtp muhgpaHfisf; nfhjpg;gilar; nra;J mtHfis mnkupf;fhtpw;F vjpuhfj; jpUg;gptpLfpwJ.

 

,t;thW mnkupf;fh may; ehLfNshL nrhwpag; Nghtjhy;j;jhd; nrg;njk;gH 11 ,y; mnkupf;fh jhf;fg;gl;l NghJ ghjp cyfk; kfpo;r;rpf; flypy; %o;fpg;NghdJ. Kf;fpakhf Nkw;F Mrpahtpy; ,e;j kfpo;r;rp mjpfkhff; fhzg;gl;lJ!  

 

xU fhyj;jpy; mnkupf;fhtpd; mRu gyj;Jf;F Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; xU khw;Wg; gykhf tpsq;fpaJ. Mdhy; 1991 ,y; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; rpjWz;L Nghd gpd;dH mnkupf;fh jdpf;fhl;L ,uhrhhfg; gtdp tUfpwhH!

 

nghJthff; $Wkplj;J mnkupf;fh NehQ;rhd; ehLfisg; ghHj;Nj rz;ilf;Fg; NghfpwJ. jdf;Fr; rkkhd vjpupNahL mnkupf;fh nrhwpag;Nghtjpy;iy. rPdh  jpNgj;ijj; jhf;fp mjidg; gpbj;j NghJ mnkupf;fh mijf; fhzjJNghy thiyr; RUl;b itj;Jf; nfhz;lJ! ,g;NghJ $l ,uhd; kw;Wk; rpupahitj; jhf;fg; Nghtjhfg; gaKWj;Jk; mnkupf;fh tl nfhupahNthL ky;Yf;Fg; Nghtjpy;iy. fhuzk; tl nfhupahtpd; ifapy; mZf;Fz;Lfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd!

tuyhw;wpy; NtW nrg;njk;gH 11 fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

nrg;njk;gH 11> 1973 ,y; rpyp ehl;bd; ,lJrhup Ml;rpj;jiytH ry;tNlhH myd;Nl mnkupf;f rpma;V Nkw;nfhz;l ntspg;gilaahd my;yJ kiwKfkhd rjp eltbf;iffs; fhuzkhfr; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. rpyp ,uhZtk; 3>000 kf;fisf; nfhd;W Ftpj;jJ. Kjy; 3 Mz;Lfspy; 100>000 NgH ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. mjd;NghJ mnkupf;fh kf;fshl;rp jj;Jtj;ij Vw;Wkjp nra;atpy;iy. gaq;futhj;ijNa Vw;Wkjp nra;jJ!

 

cyfj;jpd; jiytpjpia ey;yjpirapy;  khw;wpa nrg;njk;gH 11 ck; ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ fhe;jp mbfshy; njd;dhgpupf;f ,dnthLf;F Kiwf;F vjpuhfj; njhlf;fg;gl;l rl;l kWgG ,af;fkhFk;. ,e;j rl;l kWg;G ,af;fk; nrg;njk;gH 11> 1906 ,y; njhlf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j ,af;fk; njd;dhgpupf;f ,dthj muir Fw;wthspf; $z;by; epWj;jpaJ.

 

gpd;dH ,Nj rl;lkWg;G MAjj;ij ,e;jpa ehl;bd; murpay; tpLjiyf;Fg; gad;gLj;jpaNghJ gpupj;jhdpa NguuR mjid vjpHnfhs;s KbahJ jpzwpj; jpf;F Kf;fhbg; NghdJ.

 

gaq;futhjj;jpy; ey;y gaq;futhjk; nfl;l gaq;futhjk; vd;nwhd;iy;. murpay; fhuzj;Jf;F MfNth NtW ve;ejf; fhuzj;Jf;F MfNth MAjk; Jhf;FtJ gaq;futhjk; vd gaq;futhjj;Jf;F mnkupf;fh tiutpyf;fzk; nra;Js;sJ.

 

gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; mnkupf;fh ntd;W tpl;ljh? nrg;njk;gH 11 jhf;Fjiy mLj;J mnkupf;fh vLj;j jw;ghJfhg;G eltbf;iffs; ,d;ndhU jhf;Fjy; elg;gijj; jLj;J tpl;lJ vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. Mdhy; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghiu ,d;Dk; mnkupf;fh nty;ytpy;iy. ,jw;F xU fhuzk; mnkupf;fhtpd; Fog;gkhd Kd;Df;Fg; gpd; Kuzhd ntspAwTf; nfhs;if. kw;iwa fhuzk; ,];Nuy; ehl;Lf;F mnkupf;fh toq;fp tUk; fz;%bj;jdkhd MjuT. 

 

%d;whtJ fhuzk; gaq;futhjk; vd;why; vd;d? mjd; tiutpyf;fzk; vd;d? mur gaq;futhjj;ijg; gaq;futhj tiutpyf;fzj;jpy; cs;slf;f Ntz;lhkh? ,y;iyah? vd;w tpthjk;. ,];yhkpa ehLfs; gaq;futhj tiutpyf;fzj;jpy; mur gaq;futhjj;ijAk; NrHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd thjhb tUfpd;wd.

gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; ahH ntd;whHfNsh Njhw;whHfNsh gd;dhl;L gz Kjiyfs; mjpy; ntw;wp fz;Ls;shHfs;.

 

vz;nza; tpw;gidapy; mRuHfshf tpsq;Fk; UNACOL, Shell, Chevron,  Mobil Nghd;w epWtdq;fSk; MAj cw;gj;jp kw;Wk; tpw;gidapy; nfhbfl;bg; gwf;Fk; Halliburton, Bechtel and Martin Lockheed Nghd;w epWtdq;fSk; Nfhbf;fzf;fhd nlhyHfis ,yhgkhf <l;bAs;sd.

 

Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\;> Jizahl;rpj; jiytH wpr;Nrl; nrdp> ,uhrhq;f nrayH nfhd;lyPrh iw]; ,tHfSf;F ,e;j epWtdq;fNshL neUf;fkhd cwT ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

Jiz Ml;rpj;jiytH wpr;Nrl; nrdp Haliburton epWtdj;jpd; Kd;dhs; Kjd;ik epiwNtw;W mjpfhupahf ,Ue;jtH.  nfhd;lyPrh iw]; Chevron epWtdj;NjhL njhlHGilatH. ghJfhg;G MNyhrfuhfg; gjtp epakdk; nra;ag;gLk; Kd;dH mtH Chevron epWtdj;jpd; ,af;Feuhf 1991-2001 tiu ,Ue;jtH.

 

gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NghH vjpHghuhj rpy gf;f tpisTfisAk; Vw;gLj;jp tpl;ld.

 

mnkupf;fhit FUjp cwT fhuzkhf fz;%bf; nfhz;L Mjupj;j gpupj;jhdpa gpujkH Nuhdp gpNsauJ gjtpf;F Mgj;J te;Js;sJ.

 

Kd;ida gpujkH khHf;ful; jr;ruJ kpjthjf; fl;rpapd; 11 (1979-1990) Mz;Lfhy Ml;rpia KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;j gpujkH gpNsaupd; murpay; ehs;fs; ,g;NghJ vz;zg;gLfpd;wd. mLj;j Mz;L Nk khjk; KbA Kd;dH gjtp tpyFtjhf mwptpj;Js;shH. ,J mtuhf tpUk;gp vLj;j Kbtpy;iy. xU mikr;rUk; 6 Jiz mikr;rHfSk; gjtp tpyfpg; gpNsauJ fOj;Jf;F fj;jp itj;jNghJjhd; gpNsaH tpopj;Jf; nfhz;L jhd; gjtp tpyFtjhf mwptpj;Js;shH.

 

,uhf; - Mg;fdp];jhd; NghH fhuzkhf gpNsaH G\; ,UtuJ nry;thf;Fr; rupe;Js;sJ njupe;jNj. G\; mtHfSf;F mnkupf;f kf;fspilNa 31 tpOf;fhL MjuT kl;LNk ,d;W ,Uf;fpwJ. ,uhf; kPjhd NghH njhlq;fpa NghJ 70 tpOf;fhL kf;fs; MjuT ,Ue;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

 

tpid ahiuj;jhd; tpl;lJ? Kw;gfy; nra;apd; gpw;gfy; gpbj;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ.  (gugug;G - nrg;njk;gH 11> 2006)

 


 

 

kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nria ma;ad;dh vg;NghJ Fw;wthspf; $z;by; epWj;jg; NghfpwJ?

 

nygdd; kPJ ,];Nuy; Nkw;nfhz;l jiu> fly;> thd; jhf;Fjy; %yk; nygddpd; fl;Lkhdk; Kw;whf epH%ykhfpaJ.

 

tPLthry;fs;> njhlHkhbf; fl;blq;fs;> kUj;Jtkidfs;> ghyq;fs;> rhiyfs; vy;yhk; fz;%bj;jdkhd thd; jhf;FjYf;F ,yf;fhfpaJ.

 

epyj;jb Ruq;fj;jpy; `p];Gy;yh mikg;gpd; jiytH `rd; eh];uy;yh (Sheik Hassan Nasrallah)  gJq;fp ,Uf;ff; $Lk; vd Cfpf;fg;gl;l ,yf;Ffs; kPJ ,];Nuy; tpkhdq;fs; 500 fpNyh vilAs;s gJq;FFopf; Fz;LfisAk; (Bunker buster  bombs)  nfhj;jzp Fz;LfisAk; (cluster bombs) tPrpaJ. mnkupf;f jahupg;ghd ,e;jf; nfhj;jzpf; Fz;Lfs; xt;nthd;Wk; 50-100 fpNyh vil nfhz;lJ.  ePsk; 1.42 mb. cauk; 1.75 mb. mfyk; 1.75 mb. epyj;Jf;F NkNy 10>000 kPl;lH cauj;jpy; tpkhdj;jpy; ,Ue;J NghLk; NghJ 50 kPl;lH cauj;jpy; ntbj;J 200 - 600 Fk; mjpfkhd Fl;bf; Fz;Lfshfg; gwf;fpd;wd. Fl;bf; Fz;Lfs; ghHg;gjw;F nfhf;Nfh Nfhyh jfulg;ghf;fs; Nghy ,Uf;Fk;.

 

mnkupf;fhTk; rHr;irf;Fupa ,t; tifahd Fz;Lfis ,uhf;> Mg;fdp];jhd;> NrHgpah Nghd;w ehLfspy; gad;gLj;jpaJ. ,uhf;fpy; kl;Lk; 13>000 nfhj;jzpf; Fz;Lfis mnkupf;fh tPrpaJ. mjpypUe;J ntbj;Jr; rpjwpa Fl;bf; Fz;Lfspd; vz;zpf;if 1.9 kpy;ypad; (19 ,yf;fk;) MFk;!

 

,];Nuypa ghJfhg;Gg; gil A+iy 12 njhlq;fp Aj;j epWj;jk; Vw;gl;l Mf];l; 14 tiu (34 ehs;fs;) nygdd; kPJ  7>000 thd;gilj; jhf;FjiyAk; 2>500 flw;gilj; jhf;FjiyAk; elj;jpajhf mwptpj;jJ.

 

A+dpnrg; 1>183 ypgdd; Fbkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ljhf kjpg;gpl;lJ. ,jpy; %d;wpy; xU gq;F rpWtHfs; MtH. jfHf;fg;gl;l Fbkidfs; 15>000 vdTk; ,lk;ngaHe;j kf;fs; njhif 970>000 vdTk; mJ mwptpj;Js;sJ.

 

,];Nuy; nygdd; kPJ elj;jpa fz;%bj;jdkhd jhf;Fjiy> msTf;F kPwpa jhf;Fjiy mnkupf;fhTk; gpupj;jhdpahTk; jw;ghJghg;Gj; jhf;Fjy; vd epahag;gLj;jpad. fdba gpujkH ];Bgd; fhHg;gH “msthd gjpyb” (Measured response) vd tUzpj;jhH. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak;> cUrpah> rPdh> ,e;jpah Nghd;w ehLfs; ,];Nuy; elhj;jpa jhf;Fjiyf; fz;bf;f kWj;jd. my;yJ kwe;jd.

 

xU ehL ,d;ndhU ,iwik gilj;j ehl;bd; kPJ ,g;gbahd fz;%bj;jdkhd jhf;Fjiy elj;jyhkh? NghH gw;wpa gd;dhl;L rl;l jpl;lq;fspd; fPo; ,e;jj; jhf;Fjy; NghHf; Fw;wq;fs; (War crimes) Mfhjh? vd ePq;fs; Nfl;ff; $Lk;.

 

Mk;> ,];Nuy; nygdd; kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjy;fs; NghHf; Fw;wq;fs;jhd; vd midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit (Amnesty International) mbj;Jr; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit tpLj;Js;s mwpf;ifapy; nygdd; ehl;Lf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; ,];Nuy; me;j ehl;Lg; nghJf;  fl;Lkhdj;ij  (civilian infrastructure)  Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw jhf;fpajhfTk; me;jj; jhf;Fjy;fs; gd;dhl;L rl;l jpl;lq;fSf;F Kuzhdit vdTk; mit NghHf; Fw;wq;fs; vdTk;  Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;sJ.

 

midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit jdJ mwpf;ifapy; iff;Ff; fpilj;j njhlf;f rhd;Wfisf; nfhz;Lk;> jhf;Fjypd; gug;G kw;Wk; Nehf;fk;> capH ,og;G> clik ,og;G kw;Wk; ,];Nuypa mjpfhupfsJ $w;Wf;fs; Mfpait itj;J Nehf;Fkplj;J Fwpg;gpl;l mopTfs; ,uhZt je;jpNuhghaj;jpd; xU $whfj; jpl;lkpl;L Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l mopTfs; vd;Wk; mtw;iw “rkhe;ju Nrjk;(collateral damage)  vdr; nrhy;y Kbahnjd;Wk; njuptpj;Js;sJ.

 

,];Nuy; kw;Wk; `p];Gy;yh ,ilapyhd rz;iliaj; njhlf;fKjy; fz;fhzpj;j kd;dpg;G mit nghJkf;fs; kPJ Neubahd jhf;Fjy;fs; kw;Wk; fz;%bj;jdkhd> msTf;F kPwpa jhf;Fjy;fs; %yk; gd;dhl;L rl;l jpl;lq;fis kPwpAs;sJ (Israel violated international laws banning direct attacks on civilians and barring indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks)  vdr; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit ,];Nuy; nygdd; kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjypd; NghJ gd;dhl;L rl;ljpl;lq;fis kPwpAs;sjh? ,y;iyah? vd;gijg; ghHf;FkhW ma;ad;dhitf; Nfl;Ls;sJ.

 

midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit ,];Nuy; NghHf; Fw;wq;fs; ,ioj;Js;sJ vd tpLj;Js;s mwpf;ifiag; ghuhl;Lk; mNj Ntis me;j mikg;G ,yq;ifapy; =yq;fh muR ,ioj;j> ,iof;fpd;w NghHf; Fw;wq;fis Vd; fz;Lnfhs;stpy;iy? Vd; kTdk; rhjpf;fpwJ?  vd;gJ tpsq;ftpy;iy.

 

kdpjTupik kPwy;fisf; fz;fhzpf;Fk; midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit mePjp vq;Nf ,iof;fg;gl;lhYk;> NghHf; Fw;wq;fs; vq;F ,lk; ngw;whYk; mtw;iwj; jl;bf; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

nygdd; kf;fSf;F xU ePjp jkpoPo kf;fSf;F ,d;ndhU ePjp vd me;j mit ele;J nfhs;sf; $lhJ. mg;gb ele;jhy; mjd; ek;gfj;jd;ik my;yJ eLepiyik Nfs;tpf; Fwpahfp tpLk;.

 

kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nr =yq;fhtpd; Ml;rpj;jiytuhf fle;j nehntk;gH khjk; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;lhH. mtH gjtpf;F te;j gpd;dH rpq;fsg; gilapdH jkpo;g; ngUepyg; gug;igj; jhf;fp Kw;whf mopj;J tUfpwhHfs;. mg;ghtp nghJkf;fis ,uf;fk; rpwpJkpd;wp nfhd;W Ftpf;fpwhHfs;. ghypay; td;Kiw> fhzhky; NghtJ> Ms;f;; flj;jy;> ifJ ehSk; nghOJk; mjpfupj;jtz;zk; cs;sd.

kdpj ehfupfNk ntl;fpj; jiyFdpAk; tz;zk; ,dg; gLnfhiyfs; jkpoHfs; thOk; tl - fpof;F epyg;gug;gpy; muq;Nfw;wg;gl;Ls;sd. muq;Nfwg;gLfpd;wd.

jkpoPoj;jpy; ,Ue;J 11>000 Fk; mjpfkhd jkpoHfs; jkpo;ehl;Lf;F Mgj;jhd fly; gazj;ijAk; nghUl;gLj;jhJ  Vjpypfshf Xbg; NghapUf;fpwhHfs;. 200>000 kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;Js;shHfs;.

 

tp.GypfSf;Fk; =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; ifnaOj;jhd NghH epWj;j xg;ge;jk; ,d;W Vl;lstpNyNa cs;sJ.

 

jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lk; %JhH fpof;fpy; cs;s rk;G+iu rpq;fs ,uhZtk; Mf;fpukpj;jpUg;gJ mg;gl;lkhd Aj;j kPwyhFk;. mq;F ele;j rz;ilapd; NghJ Nkw;nfhz;l Fz;L tPr;R vwpfizj; jhf;Fjypy; 100 Fk; mjpfkhd kf;fs; nfhy;yg; gl;Ls;shHfs;> 40>000 Fk; mjpfkhd kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;Js;shHfs;. rk;G+Uk; mjid mz;bAs;s CHfSk; jiukl;lkhf;fg; gl;Ls;sd. kf;fsJ Fbkidfs;> gs;spf;$lq;fs;> nghJf; fl;blq;fs; xd;WNk jg;gtpy;iy.

 

=yq;fhtpd; Kg;gilfspd; Kjd;ikj; jsgjp vd;w mbg;gilapy; Ml;rpj;jiytH kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;Nr kPJ NghHf;Fw;wq;fs; Rkj;jg;gl;L N`f;fpy; ,aq;Fk; midj;Jyf ePjpkd;wj;jpj;jpd; Kd; epWj;jg;gl;L tprhuiz nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;.

 

fle;j Mf];l; khjk; 14 Mk; ehs; Ky;iyj; jPT khtl;l nrQ;Nrhiy tshfj;jpd; kPJ 4 fpgPH tpkhdq;fs; 16 Fz;Lfisg; Nghl;ljpy; 51 khztpfSk; 4 CopaHfSk; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. 129 khztpfs; fhag;gl;lhHfs;. gyH fhy; iffis ,oe;jhHfs;.

 

,e;jg; gLnfhiyiaf; fz;bj;J jkpo;ehL rl;lrig epiwNtw;wpa jPHkhdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l gLnfhiy “fhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdkhd> ehfupfk; kw;Wk; kdpjhgpkhdkw;w ntwpahl;lk;” ("atrocious, uncivilized and inhumane act" ) vd tUzpf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

,e;jf; Fz;L tPr;ir =yq;fh muR kWf;ftpy;iy. “Fz;L Nghl;l ,lk; tp.Gypfspd; gapw;rpg; ghriw>  nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfs; gapw;rp vLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j tp.Gypg; Nghuhspfs;> tp.Gypg; Nghuhspfis ,yf;F itj;Jf; nfhy;Yk; NghJ ehq;fs; ghy; taJ Nghd;wtw;iwg; ghHg;gjpy;iy” vdg; ghJfhg;Gj; njhlHghf Ngrf; $ba mikr;rH Nffypa ,uk;Gf;nty jpkpNuhL NgrpapUe;jhH.

 

%J}upy; gpuhd;]; ehl;ilr; Nru;e;j mur rhu;gw;w epWtdg; gzpahsu;fs; 17 Ngu; (16 jkpoHfs;> 1 K];ypk;) Mf];l; 3 Mk; ehs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;.

 

,g;gLnfhiy njhlu;ghf fle;j Mf];l; khjk; 30 Mk; jpfjp fz;fhzpg;Gf; FO ntspapl;l mwpf;ifapy; gLnfhiyf;Fr; rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtNk fhuzk; vd;W  gfpuq;fkhf Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

,J Fwpj;J fUj;Jj; njuptpj;Js;s gzp tpyfpr; nry;Yk; fz;fhzpg;Gf; FOj; jiytu; cy;g; n`d;wpf;rd;> “,J xU gLnfhiyr; rk;gtk;' vd;Wk; "cyf mstpy; kdpjhgpkhd gzpahsu;fisg; gLnfhiy nra;Js;s kpf Nkhrkhd nray;" vd;Wk; tUzpj;Js;shH.

 

",e;jr; rk;gtq;fspy; rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtj;jpdiuj; jtpu NtW ve;j MAjf; FOf;fSk; gpd;dzpapy; ,Ug;gjhf vkJ tprhuizfspy; njupatpy;iy" vd;W fz;fhzpg;Gf; FO  njuptpj;Js;sJ.

 

17 gzpahsu;fs; gLnfhiy njhlu;gpyhd tprhuizfisr; rpwpyq;fh mur mjpfhupfs; jLf;f Kide;jdu; vd;Wk; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;Nlhupd; cwtpdu;fs; midtUNk ,uhZtj;jpdu; kPNj Fw;wk;rhl;b tUfpd;wdu; vd;Wk; fz;fhzpg;Gf; FO NkYk; njuptpj;jJ.

 

"Nghy;fd; ehLfspy; ,j;jifa rk;gtq;fis re;jpj;j mDgtk; cs;sJ" vd;W ,U thuq;fSf;F Kd;djhf nuha;l;lu; nra;jp epWtdj;jplk; cy;g; n`d;wpf;rd; $wpdhH.

 

"%J}u; gpuNjrk; KOikf;Fk; vk;ikg; ghu;itapl ,uhZtj;jpdu; mDkjpf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; Clftpayhsu;fs; mioj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;ldu;. Vd;? ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fsh? ,y;iy> NtW rpy fhuzq;fs; ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;" vd;Wk; cy;g; n`d;wpf;rd; Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;shu;.

 

Nghy;fd; ehLfspy; ,lk; ngw;w NghHf; Fw;wq;fSf;F NrHgpahtpd; Ml;rpj; jiytH Slobodan Milosevic ifJ nra;ag;gl;L gd;dhl;L ePjp kd;wj;jpd; Kd; epWj;jg;gl;lJ gyUf;F epidtpUf;fyhk;.

Mf]l; 20> 2006 – fj;Njhypf;f mbfshH [pk; gpuTz; mtHfSk; mtuJ cjtpahsH 5 gps;isfsJ je;ij tpkyjhRk; my;iyg;gpl;bapy; fhzkhy; NghAs;shHfs;. my;iyg;gpl;b =yq;fh murhq;ff; fl;;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s jPTg;gFjpiar; NrHe;j ,lkhFk;.  my;iyg;gpl;b flw;gil Kfhkpd; jsgjp ep\he;jh [pk; gpuTz;; mbfshH fj;Njhypf;f Njthyaj;ijr; Rw;wp tp. Gypfs; gJq;F Fopfs; ntl;l xj;jhir nra;jhH vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;bapUe;jhH. my;iyg;gpl;biar; NrHe;j 25 Fk; mjpfkhd nghJkf;fs; rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpd; Ml;bywpj; jhf;Fjypy; nfhy;yg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. gpNuj tprhuizf;F my;iyg;gpl;bf;Fr; nrd;w aho;g;ghz ePjpgjp flw;gilapduhy; jLf;fg;gl;L jpUk;gp mDg;gg;gl;lhH.    

A+d; 8> 2006 -  kd;dhH> tq;fhiyapy; xNu FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;j jha;> je;ij> kfs;> kfd; vd;NghH kpfTk; F&ukhd Kiwapy; flw;gilapduhy; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldH. nfhy;yg;gl;l gpd;dH Jhf;Ff; fapw;wpy; njhq;ftplg;gl;ldH. rpd;idah %Hj;jp khl;bd; (35) me;Njhdp Nkup klypd; (27) Md; yf;\pfh (9) Md; byf;\d; (7) MfpNahNu gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;ltH MtH. ,jpy; jhAk; kfSk; ghypay; ty;YwTf;Fg; gpd;dH nfhy;yg; gl;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfs; mz;ikapy; jkpo;ehl;by; ,Ue;J jhafk; jpUk;gpatHfs; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

Nk 13> 2006 - aho;g;ghz khtl;lk;> kz;ljPitr; NrHe;j 13 jkpoHfs; flw;gilapduhYk; mtHfNshL NrHe;J ,aq;Fk; xl;Lg;gilapduhYk; (paramilitary forces)  nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. ,jpy; xNu FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;j je;ij> jha;> Foe;ij (4 mfit) gps;is (9 mfit) mlq;FtH.

Nk 06> 2006 -  aho;g;ghz khtl;lk;> ke;Jtpy;. Nfhapy; xd;wpy; ,uT jq;fpa 8 jkpoHfs; fhzhky; NghdhHfs;.  ,e;jf; NfhapYf;F mUfpy; rpq;fs ,uhZt Kfhk; ,Uf;fpwJ. Nfhapiyr; Rw;wp rg;ghj;Jf; fhy; milahsq;fs;> FUjp fhzg;gl;lJ.

rdtup 23> 2006 – kl;lf;fsg;gpy; ,Ue;J tTdpahtpy; elf;ftpUe;j gapw;rp tFg;Gf;F thdpy; gazpj;j jkpoH GdHtho;Tf; fof CopaHfs; 5 NgH nghyeWt – ntypfe;j ,uhZt jLg;G Nrhjid epiyaj;jpy; ,Ue;J 100 kPl;lH Jhuj;jpy; ,d;ndhU thdpy; te;jtHfshy; topkwpj;Jf; flj;jg;gl;ldH. flj;jpatHfs; ,uhZtj;NjhL xj;Jiof;Fk; xl;Lf;FOitr; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ. flj;jg;gl;ltHfspy; 2 NgH tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;.  ,tHfisg; NghyNt thior;Nridapy; ,Ue;J tTdpahTf;Fg; Gwg;gl;l NkYk; 5 jkpoH GdHtho;Tf; fof CopaHfs; mNj ,lj;jpy; mNj xl;Lf; FOtpduhy; flj;jg;gl;ldH. ,tHfspy; xUtH kl;Lk; tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;lhH. vQ;rpa ehy;tUf;Fk; vd;d ele;jJ vd;gJ ,Jtiu njupatpy;iy. mNdfkhf ,e;j 7 NgUk; ( 3 rf 4) flj;jpa Fk;gyhy; nfhy;yg;gl;bUf;fyhk; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

 

rdtup 02> 2006 – jpUNfhzkiyf; flw;fiuapy; fhw;W thq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j 5 mg;ghtpj; jkpo; ,isQHfs; ve;j Kfhe;jpuk; ,y;yhJ ghJfhg;Gg; gilapduhy; kpf mz;ikapy; itj;Jr; Rl;Lf;  nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;.

,e;jg; gl;bay; KOikahdjy;y. xU rpy epfo;TfisNa NkNy ml;ltizg; gLj;jpAs;Nsd;. ,e;jf; nfhiyfs; njhlHghf ahiuAk; fhty;Jiw ,Jtiu fz;L gpbf;ftpy;iy. ifJ nra;ag;glTk; ,y;iy.

NghHf; Fw;wq;fs; ,ioj;jhH vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;by; Ml;rpj; jiytH kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nria Fw;wthspf; $z;by; epWj;j ,it NghJkhdit vd epidf;fpNwd;.

Nfs;tp vd;dntd;why; midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit =yq;fh muR NghHf;Fw;wq;fs; ,ioj;Js;sJ vd vg;NghJ mwpf;if tplg; NghfpwJ? kfpe;j ,uhrgf;Nria ma;ad;dh mit vg;NghJ Fw;wthspf; $z;by; epWj;jg; NghfpwJ? (gugug;G - nrg;njk;gH 05>2006)

 


 

ahH gaq;futhjpfs;? vJ gaq;futhjk;?

 

kUz;ltd; fz;Zf;F ,Uz;lnjy;yhk; Nga; vd;ghHfs;.

 

,g;NghJ fdba murpay;thjpfs;> fdba fhty;Jiw (RCMP) fdba csTj;Jiw (CSIS) fdba Clfq;fs;> fdba mjpfhupfs; (Bureaucrats) KjypNahUf;F ahiug; ghHj;jhYk; gaq;futhjpfshfTk; vijg; ghHj;jhYk; gaq;futhjkhfTk; njupfpwJ.  ,e;jg; Nghl;bapy; ,q;Fs;s Clfq;fs;jhd; Kd;dzp tfpf;fpd;wd.

 

nrQ;Nrhiyg; gLnfhiyiaf; fz;bj;J nrd;w Mf];l; khjk; 17 Mk; ehs; xl;lhthtpy; fNdba r%fk; xU khngUk; MHg;ghl;lg; Nguzpia elj;jpaJ. nuhwd;Nuhtpy; ,Ue;Jk; nkhd;wpaypy; ,Ue;Jk; 150 Fk; mjpfkhd NgUe;Jfspy; kf;fs; xl;lhTf;F gilnaLj;jhHfs;. jfpf;Fk; nta;apiyAk; nghUl;gLj;jhJ kf;fs; ehlhSkd;wk; Kd;ghf cs;s jplypy; Kd; epd;W =yq;fh mur gaq;futhj;ijf; fz;bj;J Kof;fq;fis vOg;gpdhHfs;. jha;khHfs; 61 rtg;ngl;bfs; kPJ tpOe;J xg;ghup itj;J mOjhHfs;.

 

gj;jhapuk; kf;fs; mzp jpuz;l ,e;j MHg;ghl;l CHtyj;ijg; gw;wp ,q;Fs;s ehNsLfs; %r;Nr tpltpy;iy. njhiyf;fhl;rpfspd; fijAk; mJjhd;.

 

mNj rkak; tp.GypfSf;F MAjk; thq;f Kide;jhHfs;> fhty;JiwapdUf;F ifA+l;Lf; nfhLf;f vj;jdpj;jhHfs;> ePH%o;fpf; fg;giy vg;gb tbtikg;gJ vd;gijj; njuptpf;Fk; nkd;nghUis thq;f Kide;jhHfs; vd gy;NtW Fw;wr; rhl;by; rpy jkpo; ,isQHfs; nuhwd;Nuh> nkhd;wpay;> epA+ NahHf; efuq;fspy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. ,e;jr; nra;jpia ,q;Fs;s Clfq;fs; jz;Nlhuh Nghl;L CH cyfk; vq;Fk; giwaiwe;jd. ,e;jf; ifJfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; xU rjp ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ nts;splkiy.

 

fle;j rdtup khjk;  =yq;fh ntspAwT mikr;rH kq;fs rkutPu %d;W ehs; (rdtup 4-6) nryit Nkw;nfhz;L Nth\pq;ld; nrd;wpUe;jhH. mg;NghJ mtH gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fk; epjpf; Fw;wq;fSf;Fk;  vjpuhd eltbf;iffSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd nrayhsH> Jizr; rl;lkh mjpgH Nghd;w gy mnkupf;f caH mjpfhupfisr; re;jpj;Jg; NgrpdhH. tp.Gypfis ntWkNd jilnra;jhy; kl;Lk; NghjhJ mtHfspd; gaq;futhj;ij Kwpabf;fTk; epjpjpul;Ltijj; jLf;fTk;   mnkupf;fh cUg;gbahd eltbf;iffis vLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. mnkupf;f mjpfhupfs; gaq;futhjj;ijj; Njhw;fbf;fTk; epjpjpul;Ltijj; jLf;fTk; =yq;fhtpd; xUikg;ghl;ilg; NgzTk; mnkupf;fh vg;NghJk; jahuhf ,Ug;gjhf kq;fs rkutPuTf;F cWjp mspj;jhHfs;.

 

mnkupf;fhtpw;fhd =yq;fh JhJtH NgdhHl; Fzj;jpyf;fh mtHfSk; Nth\pq;ldpy; cs;s gaq;futhjk; gw;wpa fw;if ikaj;jpy; (The International Center for Terrorism Studies of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies in Washington D.C.) NgRk; NghJ (A+d; 23> 2006) gaq;futhj;ij xopg;gjw;F mnkupf;fh vLf;f Ntz;ba eltbf;iffisg; gl;bay; ,l;Lf; fhl;bdhH.

 

,ijj; njhlHe;J mz;ikapy; mnkupf;f kj;jpa Gydha;Tf; FO xd;W (FBI) nfhOk;G nrd;wpUe;jJ.

 

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapNa mz;ikapy; ele;j ifJfSf;Ff; fhuzkhFk;.

 

,jpy; xU Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; nkhd;wpaypy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;l jpyPgd; gj;kehjd;> R[Ptd; gj;kehjd; (rNfhjuHfs;) kw;Wk; NyhNf];tud; fpU\;z%Hj;jp Mfpa %d;W NgUk; =yq;fhtpy; ,Ue;J fdlhTf;F rl;lj;Jf;F Kuzhf Ml;fisf; flj;jpdhHfs; vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;by; ifJ nra;ag;gl;ltHfs;. ,tHfs; mnkupf;f FbtuT mjpfhupNghy; ebj;j FBI csthspf;F 6>000 nlhyH ifA+l;Lf; nfhLj;jNghJ mjid ,ufrpakhfg; glk; gpbj;Js;shHfs;. ,tHfSk; tp.GypfSf;F epjp jpul;LNthH gl;baypy; NrHf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;!

,tw;iw vy;yhk; Jhf;fpr; rhg;gpLtJ Nghy Toronto Sun ehNsL jdJ Mf];l; 28 Mk; ehs; gjpg;gpy; xU nra;jp ntspapl;Ls;sJ. ma;e;J jkpo; ,isQHfs; fld; ml;ilfspy; cs;s vz;fisj; jpUbg; Nghypf; fld; ml;ilfisj; jahupj;J gzk; ifahly; nra;jhHfs; vd;w Nkhrbf; Fw;wr;rhl;by; 31 MtJ gpupT fhty;Jiwahy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. ,UgJf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l  Nghypf; fld; ml;ilfisj; jhq;fs; ifg;gw;wp ,Ug;gjhf fhty;Jiw $WfpwJ.

,J ngupa nra;jp my;yNt? mt;tg;NghJ elf;fpwJjhNd? vd;W ePq;fs; epidf;ff;$Lk;. Mdhy; nra;jp gugug;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf ifJ nra;ag;gl;ltHfs; fld; ml;ilfisf; nfhz;L vLj;j gzk; =yq;fhtpy; cs;s gaq;fu mikg;ghd tp.GypfSf;F mDg;gg;gl;ljh vd;gJ gw;wp fhty;Jiw Gydha;T mjpfhupfs; NkYk; tprhuiz Nkw;nfhz;Ls;shHfshk;!

Mf nkhj;jj;jpy; jkpoHfspy; rpyH Ms;flj;jp gpbgl;lhYk; Nghypf; fld; ml;ilfisj; jahupj;Jg; gzj;ijf; ifahly; nra;jhYk; Nghijg; nghUs; flj;jpg; gpbgl;lhYk; vy;NyhiuAk; xl;L nkhj;jkhf tp.GypfNshL NrHj;J Kbr;Rg; Nghl;LtpLfpwhHfs;!

eha;f;Ff; fy; vq;Nf gl;lhYk; mJ fhiyj;jhd; Jhf;Fkhk;. ,JTk; mJ Nghd;wJjhd;.

ahiug; gpbj;jhYk; fhty;JiwAk; cstj;JiwAk; mtHfisg; gaq;futhjpfs; vdr; rpj;jupj;J tpLfpd;wd. ,d;iwa fashion ,Jjhd;!

 

fle;j  2003 Mk; Mz;L Mf];l; khjk; 22 Mk; jpfjp nuhwd;Nuh> Halton,  NahHf; efuq;fisr; NrHe;j  fhty;JiwapdH (RCMP's Public Security and Anti-Terrorism Unit) kw;Wk; FbtuT mikr;R mjpfhupfSk; $l;lhfr; NrHe;J  gaq;futhjpfisf; ifJ nra;tjhfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L 19 K];ypk; khztHfisf; ifJ nra;jhHfs;. ifJ nra;jtHfs; rpiwfspy;  milf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ifJ nra;ag;gl;ltupy; xUtH tpkhd Xl;L; gapw;rpg; gs;spapy; NrHe;J gbj;jtH vd;;Wk; mtH gwf;Fk; NghJ gpf;fwpq; mZkpd; epiyak; kPJ gwe;J NtT ghHj;jjhfTk; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;lhH. ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; ghfp];jhd; ehl;ilr; NrHe;jtHfs;. khztHfSf;fhd tprhtpy; fdlhtpy; gbf;f te;jtHfs;. gbf;f te;jtHfs; mfjp Nfhupf;if Nfl;bUe;jhHfs;.  mjd; tpisTjhd; ifJk; rpiw milg;Gk;. gpd;dH ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; xt;nthUtuhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. gyH jq;fs; nrhe;j ehlhd ghfp];jhDf;Fj; jpUk;gpg; NghdhHfs;.

 

Mf gbf;f te;J mfjp Nfhupf;if Nfl;ltHfis gaq;futhjpfs; vd ,e;j ehl;L fhty;Jiw> FbtuTj; jpizf;fsk;> ,e;j ehl;L Clfq;fs; nra;jp ntspapl;L mkHf;fsg; gLj;jpd.

,lk; xl;lth Princess Louise Drive tPL.  fhyk; 2004 Mk; Mz;L khHr;R khjk; 23 Mk; ehs;. Neuk; kjpak; 1.30 kzp.  Kd; fjit cilj;Jf; nfhz;L MAjk; jhq;fpa rPUil mzpe;j 20-30 fhty;JiwapdH FG FG vd;Nw cs;Ns GFfpwhHfs;.  tPl;by; ,Ue;j 27 mfit `hrpk; vd;gtiuf; Fg;Gwg;gLf;FkhW fl;lis gwf;fpwJ. Nky; khbapy; ,Ue;j mtuJ rNfhjup rgPidAk; Fg;Gwg;gLf;FkhW fl;lis gwf;fpwJ. njhlHe;J ,uz;L NguJ iffSk; gpd;Gwkhff; fl;llg;gl;L gpsh];bf; tpyq;F khl;lg;gLfpwJ. ,UtUk; fhty;epiyaj;Jf;F nfhz;L nry;yg;gLfpd;wdH. ,tHfsJ ,d;ndhU rNfhjuH mtH Ntiy ghHj;Jte;j xl;lhth epWtdj;jpy; itj;J mNj ehs; khiy ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH.  NkYk; xU rNfhjuH jd;rPy; (mfit 20) ,uT 9.30 kzpf;F tPL jpUk;gpa NghJ ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH. filrpj; jk;gp Nkh\hd; (mfit 18) xl;lhth gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; itj;Jf; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhH. mq;fhbf;F rhkhd;fs; thq;fg; Nghd mk;kh m];uhTk; ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH.

fhty;JiwapdH tPl;by; ,Ue;j 3 fzpdpfs;> flitr; rPl;Lf;fs;> FLk;gg; glq;fs;> fhrhf 10>000 nlhyHfs; Mfpatw;iwf; ifg;gw;wpdhHfs;. 

,e;j ehlfk; ,q;Nf ele;J nfhz;bUf;f RTjp mNugpahtpy; Ntiy ghH;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j ,tHfsJ je;ijahH fyhepjp khG+g; fth[h ( Dr. Mahhboob Khawaja)  mfit 62 rTjp fhty;Jiwapduhy; ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhH. fth[h 1967 ,y; fdlhTf;F Nkw;gbg;Gg; gbf;f te;jtH. 

fdba Clfq;fs; “gaq;futhjpfs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;” vd;w nra;jpia Kd;gf;fr; nra;jpahf ntspapLfpd;wd. njhiyf; fhl;rpfs; ele;j ehlfj;ij vy;yhf; Nfhzq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; glk; gpbj;J xspgug;Gr; nra;jd.

KbT? mtHfs; gaq;futhjpfs; my;y vdf; fhzg;gl;L tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; me;jf; FLk;gj;jpd; khdk; ngUik kjpg;G vy;yhk; fhw;wpy; gwe;J Nghapw;W!

,g;gbg; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NghH vd;W nrhy;yp mg;ghtpfis Ntl;ilahLtJ ,d;W rHt rhjhuzkhfptpl;lJ.

tpLjiyg; Gypfis gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;J mnkupf;f - fdba muRfSk; ,e;j ehLfsJ csTj;JiwfSk; Clfq;fSk; gug;Giu nra;J tUfpd;wd. ,Ue;Jk; cz;ikia cyFf;F vLj;Jr; nrhy;Yk; ,uz;nlhU NeHikahd gj;jpupifahsHfSk; ,Uf;fNt nra;fpwhHfs;.  

 

,uz;L ehs;fSf;F Kd;dH ntspte;j nuhwd;Nuh rd; ehNsl;by; vwpf; khHf;Nfhyp]; vd;w ge;jpahsH "Gypfis vupr;ry; Cl;lhjPHfs; - jkpoHfs; gy rfhg;j mlf;FKiwf;Fg; gpd;dH  jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhf NghuhLfpwhHfs;;"  (Don't provoke Tigers - The Tamils are fighting for their independence after decades of oppression) vd;w jiyg;gpy; xU fl;Liu tiue;Js;shH. ghiytdj;jpy; xU Nrhiy tdk; ,Ue;jhy; vg;gbNah mg;gbahd czHitj; jUk; me;jf; fl;Liuapd; Kf;fpa gFjpfspd; jkpohf;fk; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.   

 

“,e;jf; fpoik MW jkpo;f; fdbaHfs; gaq;futhjf; Fw;wr;rhl;by; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lJ vdf;F NrH gPl;lH c];upndht; mtHfsJ nghd;nkhopia epidT+l;LfpwJ. “gaq;futhjk; vd;gJ Viofspd; NghH. NghH vd;gJ gzf;fhuHfspd; gaq;futhjk;."  

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\pd; Nfhl;ghl;ilAk; nfhs;iffisAk; mtru mtrukhff; iff;nfhs;Sk; Nehf;Fld; gpujkH fhHg;gUila muR =yq;fh tpLJiyg; Gypf; nfupyhf;fis jdJ gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mnkupf;fh tp.Gypfis 1997 ,y; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. rpq;fs gTj;jHfSf;Fk; rpWghd;ik ,e;Jj; jkpoHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,lk;ngw;W te;j gy rfhg;j fhy neUf;fb  1983 ,y; cs;ehl;L Nghuhf ntbj;jJ. tp.Gypfs; xU Rje;jpukhd jkpo; muRf;fhf %Hf;fj;jdkhd Nghuhl;lj;ij rpq;fs muRf;F vjpuhf elhj;jp tUfpwhHfs;. ,jpy;  65>000 Nkw;gl;l kf;fs; ,we;J NghdhHfs;. ntspehLfsJ ,il<L eilngw;whYk; NghH njhlHe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.  

 

=yq;fhtpd; rpq;fstHfs; ,uhZtk;> flw;gil kw;Wk; thd; giliaj; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. tp.Gypfsplk; rpwpa MAjq;fs; kl;LNk  ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

fdba ma;up\;fhuHfs; ma;MHV f;F (IRA)  epjpAjtp nra;jhHfs;. fdba A+jHfs; gpupj;jhdpahTf;F vjpuhd ,];Nuypd; Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F MAjq;fs; thq;f epjp Nrfupj;jhHfs;. gQ;rhg; gpuptpidthj rPf;fpaHfSf;F fdba rPf;fpaHfNs epjp cjtp nra;jhHfs;. 

 

tp.Gypfs; tPuk; nrwpe;jtHfs;. jpwikahd Nghuhspfs;. mtHfis njd;fpof;F Mrpahtpd; `p];Gy;yh vd miof;fyhk;. mur gilfSf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhl  jq;fsJ cly;fis ntbFz;Lfshfg; gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;.

 

Gypfs; kpfTk; F&ukhdtHfs;. gy rkaq;fspy; nfhiyntwpahsHfs;. mtHfs; jPtputhjpfs;. mtHfsJ mikg;G kpfTk; mghakhd rHthjpfhu mikg;ghFk;.

 

Mdhy; mtHfs; mnkupf;fh fdlh nrhy;tJ Nghy; "gaq;futhjp"fs; my;yH.

 

nghJkf;fs; kPJ murpay; fhuzq;fSf;fhfj; jhf;Fjy; elj;JgtHfNs gaq;futhjpfs; vd tiutpyf;fzk; nra;ag;gLfpwhHfs;. tpkhdq;fis> njhlHtz;bfis> gs;spf;$lq;fis ntbitj;Jj; jfHf;Fk; gapj;jpfhuHfs; epr;rakhf gaq;futhjpfs;jhd;. mjpy; khWghL ,y;iy. Mdhy; ,e;j tiutpyf;fzj;jpd;gb Dredsen,  Hamburg,  Nuhf;fpNah> xrhf;fh> ehfhrf;fp kw;Wk; `pNuh\pkh Nghd;w efuq;fspy; tho;e;j kf;fisf; nfhd;W Ftpj;jtHfis vt;thW ehk; miog;gJ?

 

gj;jhz;LfSf;F Kd; cUrpahtpy; 100>000 nrr;rPdpa K];ypk;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. 1982 ,y; ,];Nuy; nga;Whl; efuj;jpd; kPJ Fz;Lkio nghope;jNghJ 18>000 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mnkupf;fh> fdlh kw;Wk; Nel;Njh (NATO)  ehLfs; Mg;gdp];jhd; CHfs;  kPJ fz;%bj;jdkhff; Fz;Lfis tPRfpwNj? me;j mopTf;F vd;d ngaH? my;yJ mz;ikapy; 1>000 nygdpa kw;Wk; ,];Nuy; nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfNs?  ,e;jf; nfhiyfis NghHf;Fw;wk; vd midj;Jyf kd;dpg;G mit Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;sJ!

 

kw;wtHfis gaq;futhjpfs; vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;LgtHfs; ngUk;ghYk; jhq;fNs mijtplg; ngupa gaq;futhjj;ij nra;fpwhHfs;.

 

jkpo;g; Gypfs; =yq;fhtpd; %d;wpy; xU gq;F epyj;ij Ml;rp nra;fpwhHfs;. mtHfis gaq;futhjpfs; vd miog;gJ `p];Gy;yh mikg;ig "gaq;futhjf; fhilfs;" vd miog;gJ Nghd;W nghUsw;wJ. kw;wtHfisj; jtwhf topelj;JtJ. `p];Gy;yhjhd; nygdd; ehl;bd; Coyw;w tYthd mury;yhj mikg;ghFk;.

 

ehd; Vkhw;Wtjw;Fk; gopRkj;Jtjw;Fk; "gaq;futhjk;" vd;w nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gLtij ntWf;fpNwd;. ,e;jr; nrhy; murpay; vjpupfis gprhRfs; vdr; rpj;jupf;fg;gLtjw;F xU MAjkhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. jkpo;g; Gypfspd; gifiar; rk;ghjpg;gjw;F ,J Vw;w Neuk; my;y. gy rkaq;fspy; tpy;yq;fj;ij tpiyf;F thq;fhky; ghuhKfkhf ,Ug;gJ ey;yJ. mg;gbj;jhd; Kd;ida fdba muR ele;J nfhz;lJ. Kf;fpakhf Gypfs; mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; fdlhTf;F vjpuhf ve;jnthU jhf;FjiyAk; njhLf;fhj epiyapy;.  

 

gaq;futhjk; vd;gJ xU rpe;jid md;W. mJ xU cj;jp. jkpo;g; Gypfs; gy rfhg;j mlf;FKiwf;Fg; gpd;dH jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhfg; NghuhLfpwhHfs;;. Nkw;Fyf ehl;ltuhfpa ehk; rfpf;f Kbahj mlf;FKiwf;F vjpuhf MAjk; jhq;fpg; NghuhLtJ vy;yh kf;fsJ cupik vd;gij kwe;J tpl;Nlhk;.

 

xl;lhth njhiytpy; cs;s ,d;ndhU me;epa NghH njhlHg;ghf Vd; %f;if Eiof;fpwJ vdf; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;tjd; %yk; fdbaHfSf;F    Gjpa ghJfhg;G rpf;fy;fis Vd; cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;? ,e;j ehl;L kf;fSf;F ,uz;lhtJ cyf ehL toq;Ffpw ey;tho;it  toq;f Kbahj epiyapy; ,e;j %f;F Eiog;G cz;ikapy; Njitah?”(cyfj;jkpoH - Mf];l; 31> 2006)

 

 


 

 

xU rNfhju Aj;jj;ij fiyQH fUzhepjpNa njhlf;fp itf;fg; Nghfpwhuh?

 

jkpofj;jpy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F Md MjuT miy tPRtjhf nra;jpfs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. 1983 ,y; tPrpa MjuT miyf;Fg; gpd;dH ,g;NghJjhd; mj;jifa MjuT miy tPRtjhff; $wg;gLfpwJ.

 

,e;j khjk; 14 Mk; ehs; =yq;fh tpkhdg;gilapd; 4 fpgPH NghH tpkhdq;fs; 16 Fz;Lfis nrQ;Nrhiy tshfj;jpd; kPJ tPrpaJ. mjpy; 55 NgH ,we;J gl;lhHfs;. 129 Fk; mjpfkhNdhH gLfhak; mile;jhHfs;.

 

Kjypy; te;j nra;jp nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfs; nrQ;Nrhiyr; rpwhHfs; vdj; njuptpj;jd. mjdhy; gyH Jauj;jpd; eLtpYk; nfhjpg;gile;J NghdhHfs;. gpd;dHjhd; nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfs; khztpfs; vd;Wk; mtHfs; KjYjtp gapw;rpf;fhf nrQ;Nrhiy tshfj;jpy; jq;fp ,Ue;jtHfs; vd;Wk; njupate;jJ. ,e;j tshfk;  nrQ;Nrhiyr; rpwhHfs; jq;fp ,Ue;j gioa ,y;ykhFk;. nfhy;yg;gl;l 51 khztpfs; 1986 - 1989 Mz;LfSf;F ,ilapy; gpwe;jtHfs;. ehd;F NgH nrQ;Nrhiy tshf CopaHfs;. gapw;rp Kfhik xOq;F nra;j Ky;iyj;jPT kw;Wk; fpspnehr;rp khtl;lg; gs;spf;$l mjpgHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;l khztpfspd; Gifg;glk;> Kftup> taJ Nghd;w juTfis ntspapl;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,e;j khztpfsJ gLnfhiyNa =yq;fh muRf;F vjpuhf jkpo;ehL cl;gl cyfshtpa jkpoHfsJ vjpHg;ig cUthf;fpAs;sJ.

 

Mdhy; ,d;Wtiu =yq;fh muR Fz;L tPrpj; jhf;fg;gl;l ,lk; tp.Gypfspd; ,uhZt gapw;rp Kfhk; vd;Wk; nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfs; gapw;rpapy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j Nghuhspfs; vd;Wk; tplhg; gpbahfr; nrhy;yptUfpwJ. ,uhZtk; rhHghf Ngrty;y mikr;rH Nfnfypa ,uk;Gf;ty tp.Gypfspd; gapw;rp Kfhk;fs; kPJ Fz;L tPrg;gLk; NghJ jhq;fs; taJ ghy; tpj;jpahrk; ghHg;gJ fpilahJ vd;Wk; mtHfis ,g;NghJ nfhy;yhtpl;lhy; ehis NghHKidf;F vq;fisf; nfhy;y tUthHfs; vd;Wk; kpfTk; jpkpuhfg; NgrpdhH.;

 

Fz;L tPr;R ele;j rpy kzpj;jpahyaq;fspy; nrQ;Nrhiy tshfj;ijr; nrd;W ghHitapl;l  A+dpnrg;> A+vd;rpMH> =yq;fh fz;fhzpg;Gf; FO Mfpait  nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfs; Nghuhspfs; my;yntd;Wk; nrQ;Nrhiy tshfj;jpy; ,uhZt gapw;rp ele;jjw;F ve;jtpj rhd;WfSk; ,y;iy vd jdpj;jdp mwpf;if tpl;ld.  Mdhy; mtw;iw =yq;fh muR epuhfupj;Jtpl;lJ. “fz;fhzpg;Gf; FOTf;F ,e;jj; Jiwapy; gl;lwpT ,y;iy. mtHfs; NtW VNjh xU ,lj;ijg; Ngha;g; ghHj;Jtppl;L mwpf;if nfhLj;Js;shHfs;” vd mikr;rH ,uk;Gf;nty xNuabahf ngupa G+rzpf;fhia Nrhw;Wf;Fs; kiwj;J tpl;lhH.

 

,jpy; Nrhfk; vd;dntd;why; kdpjTupikfSf;F tupe;J fl;bf; nfhz;L Fuy; nfhLf;Fk; mnkupf;fh> ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak;> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfs; ,e;jg; gLnfhiy njhlHghf xU rpd;d ,uq;fy; nra;jpiaf; $l tpLf;ftpy;iy vd;gNj!

 

,e;j kpNyr;rj;jdkhd gLnfhiyfis xUkdjhff; fz;bj;J  jkpo;ehL rl;l rigapy; jPu;khdk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ.  

 

Mf];l; gjpNdohk; ehs; jpUkhtstdpd; gpwe;jehs; md;W ts;Stu; Nfhl;lk; mUfpy; tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; rhu;gpy; khztpfs; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lijf; fz;bj;J cz;zhtpujg; Nghuhl;lk; elj;jg;gl;lJ.

 

jpU. go. neLkhwd; jiyikapyhd jkpoPo ghJfhg;G xUq;fpizg;Gf; FO rhHgpYk; fz;ld CHtyk; elj;jg;gl;lJ.

 

ngupahH jpuhtplH fofk; gutyhf fz;ldf; $l;lq;fisAk; MHg;ghl;l CHtyq;fisAk; elj;jp nrQ;Nrhiy tshfg; gLnfhiyfisf; fz;bj;jJ. ,e;jf; fz;ldf; $l;lq;fspy; =yq;fh Ml;rpj;jiytH kfpe;j ,uhrgf;rhtpd; cUtg; nghk;ikfs; vupf;fg;gl;ld. 

 

Kjd; Kiwahf jkpo;ehL tof;fwpQHfs;> MrpupaHfs;> khztHfs; jiyefuq;fspy; fz;ld MHg;ghl;lq;fis elj;jpdhHfs;.  ,tw;Wf;F jkpof nra;jp VLfSk; njhiyf;fhl;rpfSk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspj;J nra;jp ntspapl;ld.

 

rd; njhiyf;fhl;rp go.neLkhwidAk; ,yq;iff;fhd Jizj; JhJtH `k;rh mtHfisAk; xNu Neuj;jpy; NeHfz;L xspgug;gpaJ.

 

Mdhy; ,e;j vjpHg;ig vy;yhk; ,e;jpa eLtz; muR fz;Lnfhz;ljhfj; njupatpy;iy. jkpo;ehL rl;lrig epiwNtw;wpa jPHkhdj;ijf; ftdj;jpy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;ljhfTk; njupatpy;iy. nrQ;Nrhiy tshfg; gLnfhiyiaAk; ,e;jpa muR fz;bf;ftpy;iy.

 

,e;jpa eLtz; murpd; myl;rpaj;Jf;F vd;d fhuzk;?

 

jkpof Kjy;tH fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; nkj;jdg; Nghf;Fj;jhd; fhuzk; vd;W gyH epidf;fpwhHfs;. jkpo; <otpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; gw;wp xU njspthd Nfhl;ghNlh nfhs;ifNah mtuplk; ,y;yhJ ,Uf;fpwJ. tp.Gypfs; gw;wpa mtuJ  kdj;jlq;fy; ePbf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; mtuJ Ngr;Rf;fSk; nraw;ghLfSk; Kd;Df;Fg; gpd; Kuzhf ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

eLtz; murpd; ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;if vJNth mJNt khepy murpd; nfhs;if vd Kjy;tH fUzhepjp jpUk;gj; jpUk;gg; gy;ytp ghbtUfpwhH.

 

nrd;idapy; Kjy; mikr;riur; re;jpj;j ,e;jpag; gpujkupd; ghJfhg;G MNyhrfuhd vk;.Nf. ehuhazd; nra;jpahsHfsplk; NgRk; NghJ ,e;jpa murpd; epiyg;ghl;by; kj;jpa – khepy muRfSf;F ,ilNa khWghL ,y;iy vd;W nrhd;dhH.

 

=yq;fh njhlHghd ,e;jpa murpd; ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;if kyl;Lj;jdk; tha;e;j xd;whFk;. ,e;j ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;ifia vk;.Nf. ehuhazd; Nghd;w tp.Gyp vjpHg;ghsHfNs tFf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;jpa muR -

 

    1)      =yq;fhtpd; Ml;rpahsHfis el;NghL elj;JfpwJ.

    2)      tp.Gypfis gifikNahL ghHf;fpwJ.

    3) =yq;fh muRf;F ,uhZt MAjq;fisAk;> NghHf; fg;gy;fisAk;> Gydha;Tj; jfty;fisAk; toq;fp tUfpwJ.

    4)      =yq;fh ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdUf;F ,e;jpa ghJfhg;Gf; fy;Yhupfspy; gapw;rp mspj;J tUfpwJ. fhty;JiwAk; ,jpy; mlq;Fk;.

    5)      =yq;fhtpd; ,iwikf;Fk; xUikg;ghl;Lf;Fk; jhdhfNt cj;juthjk; msp;j;J tUfpwJ.

    6)      ,dr; rpf;fYf;F jPHTfhz jhNd eilKiwg;gLj;jhj rHf;fhupa Mizf; FOtpd; gupe;Jiufis =yq;fh muRf;F mDg;gp itj;Js;sJ.

    7)      jdpj; jkpo; <oj;ij xU NghJk; Mjupf;fhJ. jPHT vJthdhYk; gpupf;f Kbahj ,iwik gilj;j ,yq;if vd;w mbg;gilapNyNa ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

=yq;fhtpw;F ,e;jpah MAjk; toq;fp tUfpwJ vd kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;irNa xg;Gjy; thf;F %yk; mspj;Js;shH. Rfd;ah tif NghHf;fg;gy;fisAk; ,uhlHfisAk; ,e;jpah toq;fpaJ nra;jpj;jhs;fspy; ntspte;Js;sJ.

 

Nfhitapy; =yq;fh fhty;Jiwf;F gapw;rp mspg;gjw;F jkpo;ehL rl;lrig vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;j NghJ ,e;jpa muR mtHfis =yq;fhtpw;F jpUg;gp mDg;gtpy;iy. gf;fj;jpy; cs;s fd;dl khepyj;Jf;F khw;wptpl;lJ.

 

,e;jpa eLtz; murpd; ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;ifNa khepy murpd; nfhs;if vd Kjy;tH fUzhepjp nrhy;tJ rupnad;why; Nkw;fz;ltw;iw mtH Mjupf;fpwhH my;yJ xg;Gf;nfhs;fpwhH vd;gNj nghUshFk;.

 

fiyQH fUzhepjp jdJ 83 MtJ mfitapy; ehd;fhtJ Kiwahf jkpo;ehl;bd; Kjy;tuhf gjtp Vw;w gpd;dH jkpo; Njrpak; - rKjhak; rhHe;j rpy eltbf;iffis vLj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

      1) fz;zfpf;F kPz;Lk; flw;fiuapy; rpiy.

                          2) vy;yhg; gs;spf; $lq;fspYk; xd;W Kjy; - gj;J tFg;G tiu jkpo; fl;lha ghlk;.

          3) midj;Jr; rhjpapdUk; mHr;rfuhfyhk; vd;w mtrur; rl;lk;.

       4) ghg;ghg;gl;b fPupg;gl;b> ehl;lhH kq;fyk;> nfhl;lhr;rpNae;jy; jdpj; jypj; gQ;rhaq;fshf mwptpg;G.

         5) jkpoPo mfjpfSf;F nfhLg;gdT ,ul;bg;G.

Mdhy; Nryj;jpy; nrd;w Mf];l; 12> 13 ,y; Nryj;jpy; eilngw ,Ue;j cyfj; jkpou; Nguitapd; ehd;fhk; Mz;L epiwT khehl;Lf;F Kjy;tupd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s fhty;Jiw mDkjp kWj;jpUe;jJ. ntspehLfspy; ,Ue;J khehl;Lf;F tp.Gyp Mjuthsu;fs; tu ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; vd;gNj jilf;Ff; fhuzk; vd fhty;Jiw rhu;gpy; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. cyfj; jkpou;fs;> mtu;fs; tp.Gyp Mjuthsu;fs; vd;gjw;fhf jkpo; ehl;by; eilngWk; xU jkpo; khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;sf; $lhJ vd epidj;J me;j khehl;il jilnra;jJ Kjy;tu; fUzhepjpapd; ,d;ndhU Kfj;ijf; fhl;lNt cjtpaJ. ey;y fhykhf cau; ePjpkd;wk; jiyapl;L khehl;Lf;F mDkjp toq;fp kf;fshl;rpapd; khdj;ijf; fhg;ghw;wpaJ.

ts;StH Nfhl;lk; mUfpy; tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; elj;jpa cz;zh Nehd;Gg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; Ngrpa kjpKf njd; nrd;id khtl;lr; nrayhsh; kzpkhwd; tpLjiyg; Gypfis Mjhpj;J NgrpdhH vd;gjw;fhf Ntsr;Nrup fhty;Jiwapduhy;; ,e;jpa Fw;wtpay; eilKiwr;rl;lk; 153 gphptpd; fPOk; Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act gphpT 10> 13 kw;Wk; 39 ,d; fPo; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhH. mNj Nghy; mNj $l;lj;jpy; tpLjiy Gypfis Mjhpj;Jg; Ngrpa tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; mikg;gpd; nrd;id khtl;lr; nrayhsh; flk;gd; kPJk; mNj rl;lk; gha;e;Js;sJ.

xUGwk; fUzhepjp vq;fSf;Fs; rNfhju Aj;jk; Ntz;lhk; vd;fpwhH. kWGwk;  mtNu rNfhju Aj;jj;ijj; njhlf;fp itf;fpwhH.

jkpo;g; giftp nry;tp n[ayypjhtpd; fw;fhy Ml;rpapy;jhd; mbg;ilg; Ngr;Rr; Rje;jpuk; gwpf;fg;gl;L jkpo; caHthsHfs; nghlhtpy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L rpiwf;nfhl;by;fspy; ePz;l fhyk; milf;fg;gl;lhHfs; vd;why; jkpopdj; jiytH fiyQupd; nghw;fhy Ml;rpapYk; Njrpag; ghJfhg;G rl;lj;jpd; fPo; me;jkhjpupahd ifJfs; ,lk; ngWtJ mtuJ ,ul;il Kfj;ijf; fhl;lNt cjTfpwJ.

jil nra;ag;gl;l ,af;fkhdhYk; mjid Mjupj;Jg; NgRtJ Fw;wky;y vd ,e;jpa cr;r ePjpkd;wNk jPHg;gspj;Js;s gpd;dzpapy; jkpo; czHthsHfSf;F  tha;g;G+l;Lg; Nghl epidg;gJ mwptPdkhFk;.

n[ayypjh Kjyikr;ruhf ,Ue;j NghJ “rl;lk; jd; flikiar; nra;Ak;” vd;W mbf;fb nrhy;thH. mijNa ,g;NghJ fUzhepjpAk; nrhy;fpwhH.

,g;gbNa Nghdhy; rl;lk; xOq;F vd;w rhl;by; n[ayypjh elj;jpa mlf;FKiw Ml;rpf;Fk; fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; Ml;rpf;Fk; Ntw;Wik ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpLk; mghak; cs;sJ.

,J ,t;thwpUf;f fle;j 21 Mk; ehs; nrd;idapy; ele;j jkpo;g; ghJfhg;Gf; $l;lj;jpy; kjpKf nghJr; nrayhsH itNfhh “,e;jpah rpq;fstDf;F Mjutspf;fTk; cjtp nra;aTk; epidj;jhy; ,e;jpahtpd; xw;Wik Nfs;tpf;FwpahfptpLk;. jkpofj;jpy; ,d;ndhU f\;kPH cUthFk; epiy Vw;gLk;”  vd;W Ngrpa MNtrkhd Ngr;R ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; fl;rpapy; ngupa vjpHtiyfis cUthf;fpAs;sJ.

 

“ehd; tpLjiyg; Gypfis New;Wk; ,d;Wk; vd;Wk; Mjupg;Ngd;. tpLjiyg; GypfSf;F Mjuthf vg;NghJk; NgRNtd;. Cu; Cuhfr; nrd;W NgRNtd;. vd; ehTf;F rf;jp ,Uf;Fk;tiu NgRNtd;. vd; jkpo; kf;fspd; czu;Tfspd; jkpo; <oj;jpd; mtrpaj;ijAk;> mq;F tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; jpahfj;ijAk; Gupa itg;Ngd;. vd;idg; gj;J Mz;Lfs; ghjhsr; rpiwapy; js;spdhYk; ehd; mQ;rkhl;Nld;. ,J ntWk; murpaYf;fhfNth> ghuhl;Lg; ngWtjw;fhfNth Ngrg;gLk; Ngr;ry;y. ,J xU Nghuhspapd; thu;j;ij!” vd itNfh nghupe;J js;sp ,Uf;fpwhH.

 

,g;gbnay;yhk; itNfh Ngrpaij mLj;J mtH ifJ nra;ag;glyhk; vd;w nra;jp te;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

 

ntWkNd NgRtNjhL epd;W tplhky; tp.Gypfis Mjupj;J jpy;ypapy; cs;s =yq;fh Jhjufj;Jf;F Kd;G Mf];l; 30 Mk; jpfjp itNfh ngupa MHg;ghl;lk; elj;JfpwhH. mLj;j ehs; (Mf];l; 31) nrd;idapy;  elf;Fk; <oj; jkpoH MjuTg; Nguzpapy; fye;J nfhz;L itNfh NgRfpwhH. 

 

fhq;fpu]; fl;rpapd; vjpHg;Gf;F mbgzpe;J itNfhit ifJ nra;tjd; %yk; xU rNfhju Aj;jj;ij fiyQH fUzhepjpNa njhlf;fp itf;fg; Nghfpwhuh? vd;w Nfs;tp vOe;Js;sJ.  (gugug;G - 25-08-2006)

 

 

 

 

itNfh NgrpaJ …….

 

21 Mk; E}w;whz;by; gpughfuDf;F ,izahd jiytu; ahUkpy;iy. fh];l;Nuh> NrFthuh> khNth MfpNahu; topapy; te;j gpughfud;> tPuj;jpd; tpisepyk;. ntWk; 28 NgNuhL td;dpf; fhl;Lf;Fs; Nghd gpughfud;> ,d;W fk;gPukha; vOe;jpUf;fpwhu.;  kzpkhwd; vd;d Ngrpf; ifjhdhNuh> mg;gbg; Ngrpajpy; jtwpy;iy.

 

kj;jpa muNr ePq;fs; ,yq;ifapy; rpq;fsDf;F Mjutspf;fTk; cjtp nra;aTk; epidj;jhy;> ,e;jpahtpd; xw;Wik Nfs;tpf;FwpahfptpLk;. jkpofj;jpy;  ,d;ndhU fh\;kPu; cUthFk; epiy Vw;gLk;. ehq;fs; jdpj; jkpo;ehL Nfl;l ,af;fj;jpd; fUtiwapypUe;J te;jtu;fs;. Ie;E}W Mz;LfSf;F Kd; jkpo;ehL ,e;jpahTld; ,ize;J ,Ue;jjh vd;d? ,y;iyNa? ,yq;ifapy; cs;s jkpou;fSf;Fj; jha;j; jkpofj;jpypUe;J MjuT ,y;iy vd;W epidj;Jtpl Ntz;lhk;. mtu;fSf;F vq;fspd; MjuT vg;NghJk; ,Uf;fpwJ. kj;jpa muR rpq;fs muRf;F cjt epidj;jhy;> ,q;Fs;s xt;nthU jkpoDk; MAjk; Ve;jpg; NghuhLthd;.

 

kj;jpa muNr! ,yq;ifg; gpur;idapy; gq;Fnfhs;s cdf;F vd;d cupik ,Uf;fpwJ? jFjp ,Uf;fpwJ? mJTk; vq;fs; jkpo; kf;fSf;F vjpuhf ePq;fs; ,wq;fpdhy;> vq;fs; cwTfisf; fhg;ghw;w ehq;fNs fsk; ,wq;FNthk;.

 

,yq;ifapy; elg;gJ cupikg; Nghu;. ,Wjpg; Nghu;. mjpy; jkpod;jhd; ntw;wp ngWthd;. me;j ntw;wp Njhy;tpia mtu;fs; Nghupy; jPu;khdpj;Jf; nfhs;sl;Lk;. ,dp mq;F jkpoPok; kl;LNk jPu;T. mjd;gpwNf mq;F mikjp fpl;Lk;. kj;jpa muNr! may;ehl;Lg; gpur;idapy; jiyapl;L vq;fs; jkpou;fSf;F vjpuhf eP nray;gl;lhy; mij ehq;fs; Rk;kh ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUg;Nghkh? jkpou;fspd; ,uj;jk; nfhjpf;fhjh? mtu;fs; MAjk; Ve;jpg; Nghuhlj; Jzpa khl;lhu;fsh? ,ijj;jhNd vq;fs; ,af;fj;jpd; khtl;lr; nrayhsu; kzpkhwd; Ngrpdhu;. mtu; Ngrpajpy; vd;d jtW ,Uf;fpwJ? mtiu Vd; ifJ nra;jPu;fs;? ,yq;ifg; gpur;idapy; jkpou;fSf;F Mjuthff; Fuy; nfhLj;J tUk; kWkyu;r;rp jpuhtpl Kd;Ndw;wf; fofj;ij kpul;bg; ghu;f;fpwPu;fsh? mjw;nfy;yhk; ehNdh vdJ ,af;fNkh mQ;rhJ.

 

ehd; tpLjiyg;Gypfis New;Wk; ,d;Wk; vd;Wk; Mjupg;Ngd;. tpLjiyg;GypfSf;F Mjuthf vg;NghJk; NgRNtd;. Cu; Cuhfr; nrd;W NgRNtd;. vd; ehTf;F rf;jp ,Uf;Fk;tiu NgRNtd;. vd; jkpo; kf;fspd; czu;Tfspd; jkpo; <oj;jpd; mtrpaj;ijAk;> mq;F tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; jpahfj;ijAk; Gupa itg;Ngd;. vd;idg; gj;J Mz;Lfs; ghjhsr; rpiwapy; js;spdhYk; ehd; mQ;rkhl;Nld;. ,J ntWk; murpaYf;fhfNth> ghuhl;Lg; ngWtjw;fhfNth Ngrg;gLk; Ngr;ry;y. ,J xU Nghuhspapd; thu;j;ij!

 

 

 

 


 

kj;jpa fpof;fpy; `p];Gy;yh Vw;gLj;jpAs;s murpay; - ,uhZt khw;wq;fs;!

 

ef;fPud;   

 

nygdd; kPJ thd;> fly;> jiu topahf ,iltplhj jhf;Fjy; elhj;jpa ,];Nuy; me;j ehl;ilg; ‘gr;rb’ Nghl;lJ. A+iy 12 njhlq;fp Mf];l; 14 tiu 34 ehs;fs; ele;j rz;ilapy; nygdd; gyj;j capH mopTfisAk; cilik mopTfisAk; re;jp;j;jJ.

 

`p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; njd; nygddpy; nghJkf;fs; tho;fpd;w  FbapUg;Gf;fspy; ,Ue;J nfhz;Ljhd; VTfizj; jhf;Fjiy elj;JfpwhHfs; vd;W Fw;wk; rhl;ba ,];Nuy; mtHfisf; nfhy;tjw;F me;jf; FbapUg;Gf;fis ,yf;F itj;J  <T ,uf;fk; nfhQ;rKk; ,d;wp 24 kzp NeuKk; Fz;L khup nghope;jJ. ,e;jg; Nghupy; -                                                                    

                            nygdd;         ,];Nuy;

,we;j nghJkf;fs;           -    1071                43

,we;j gilapdH/fp];Gy;yh     -     200 (?)            114

,lg;ngaHT                 - 1>000>000              500>000

jfHf;fg;gl;l kidfs;         -   45>000              100(?) 

nrhj;jopT kjpg;G (m. nlhyHfs;) -   250 Nfhb        110 Nfhb      

 

1982 ,y; ,];Nuy; nygdd; kPJ gilnaLj;J 2000 Mz;L tiu mjidj; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;l te;j NghJk; gy capupog;Gf;fSk; Nfhbf;fzf;fhd ngWkjp tha;e;j clik ,og;Gf;fs; Vw;gl;ld.

 

Kg;gj;J ehd;F ehs;fs; ePbj;j NghH KbTf;F te;j gpd;dH ,];Nuypa gilj; jsgjpfSk; ,];Nuypa murpay;thjpfSk; Nghupd; gyhgyd; gw;wp xUtiu xUtH jpl;bj; jPHj;jhHfs;. ,];Nuypa nghJkf;fs; ,e;jg; Nghupd; KbT ,];NuYf;F ngupa murpay; kw;Wk; ,uhZtj; Njhy;tp vd vz;ZfpwhHfs;.

 

,d;W tuyhW kPz;Lk; jpUk;gpAs;sJ. cyfpd; 4 MtJ gyk; tha;e;j ,uhZt ae;jpuj;ij itj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;s ,];Nuy; 3>000 `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspd; %Hf;fj;jdkhd vjpHj;jhf;Fjiy vjpHnfhs;s KbahJ jpf;F Kf;fhbaJ vy;NyH GUtq;fisAk; tpag;ghy; caHj;jpAs;sJ.

 

`p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspd; tPuk; nrwpe;j vjpHj; jhf;Fjy;fs; K];ypk; ehLfspy; xU kpd;rhu mjpHr;rpia cUthf;fp cs;sJ. ntWkNd “gaq;futhjpfs;” vd;W vz;zg;gl;l `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; ,d;W ,];NuypaHfsJ Jhf;fj;ijf; nfLj;j tPuHfs; vdg; Nghw;wg;gLfpwhHfs;. .

 

,];Nuy; Clfq;fs; ntspapl;l nra;jpapd;gb ,];Nuy; nygdd; kPJ gilnaLg;gij %d;W Mz;L fhyk; jpl;lkpl;L te;Js;sjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. mjw;fhd xj;jpif $l  xU khjk; Kd;G nra;ag;gl;ljhk;.

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\; `p];Gy;yhitj; jhf;FkhW ,];Nuypa gpujkH Ehud Olbert ia fz;bg;ghff; Nfl;ljhfj; njupfpwJ. rpupah kw;Wk; ,uhd; kPjhd mnkupf;f – gpupj;jhdpa - ,];Nuypa gilfs;  Nkw;nfhs;s ,Ue;j  jhf;Fjypd; Kjy; fl;lkhf ,];Nuypa jhf;Fjy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd NahH[; G\; tpUk;gpdhH.

 

nygdd; kPjhd gilnaLg;G NtfkhfTk; mNjNeuk; typ ,y;yhjjhfTk; ,Uf;Fk; vd Kjypy; vjpHghHf;fg; gl;lJ. “xU fpoikapy; `p];Gy;yhitj; Jilj;Jtplyhk;” vd ,];Nuypa gilj;jsgjp Dan Halutz #Siuj;J ,Ue;jhH. ,iltplhj thd; jhf;Fjy; %yk; nygdid “fw;fhy” j;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;yyhk; vd;gJ mtuJ fzpg;G!

 

Mdhy; ele;jJ vy;yhk; jiyfPohf ele;Js;sJ. `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; ,];Nuypa gilfis %Hf;fj;jdkhf jhf;fp epiyFiya itj;jhHfs;. thd; jhf;Fjy; %yk; Mapuj;Jf;Fk; mjpfkhd nghJkf;fis nfhy;y Kbe;jNjnahopa ngUksT `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfis; ,];Nuy; gilapduhy; nfhd;nwhopf;f Kbatpy;iy.

 

vfpg;J> NahHlhd;> rpupah> ,uhf; ehLfs; xd;W jpuz;L te;j NghJ mtw;iw vspjpy; Njhw;fbj;j ,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;jhy; Vd; `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfis Gwk;fhz Kbatpy;iy?

 

`p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspy; gyH gy;fiyf; fof gl;ljhupfs;. mtHfsJ ruhrup mfit 30-40 MFk;. ,];Nuypa gilia nygdd; kz;zpy; ,Ue;J Juj;j Ntz;Lk; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F Njhs; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Ntfj;NjhL mtHfs; fsj;jpy; epd;W NghuhbdhHfs;.

 

NghHKidapy; `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; \pah kjg;gpupTdUf;Nf  cupa kuGtop mHg;gzpg;NghLk; tPuj;NjhLk; Jzpr;rNyhLk; NghuhbdhHfs;. mjw;Fk; Nkyhf mtHfSf;F jq;fs; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; epahak; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W ek;gpf;ifNahL NghuhbdhHfs;. mjw;fhf gyprhit (Martydom) tpUk;gp Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Maj;jkhf ,Ue;jhHfs;.   

 

`p];Gy;yh NghuhspfSf;F 80 fspy; ,];Nuypa Mf;fpukpg;G gilNahL Nghuhba gl;lwpT ,Ue;jJ. muG gilapdNuhL xg;gpLk; NghJ ,tHfs; rpwpa FOj; jhf;Fjypy; tpz;zHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;. tpiuthf efHjy;> tpiuthf RLjy;> xspe;jpUe;J jhf;Fjy;> jhq;fp vjpHg;Gj; jhf;Fjy;> Ml;bywp mbj;jy; Mfpatw;wpy; NjHr;rp ngw;wtHfshf tpsq;fpdhHfs;.

 

`p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; etPd cly;ftrk; (Body armour)  jiyf;ftrk; (Helmet) mzpe;jpUe;jhHfs;. njhlHr;rpahd gJq;F Fopfs;> Fiffs; kw;Wk; mfopfs; mikj;jpUe;jhHfs;. ,it ,];Nuypa thd;gilapd; 24 kzp Neu jhf;Fjy;fisAk; 155 kpkP Ml;bywpj; jhf;Fjy;fisAk; rkhspf;f NgusT cjtpd. `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; jLkhwhJ>  gpd;thq;fhJ filrptiu %Hf;fj;jdkhf vjpup gilfNshL NghuhbdhHfs;.

 

`p];Gy;yh NghuhspfSf;F ,];Nuypa Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gilapdUf;F ,y;yhj xU ngupa mD$yk; ,Ue;jJ. `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; jq;fSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd kz;zpy; epd;W nfhz;L NghuhbdhHfs;. mtHfSf;F kiyfs;> kiyapLf;Ffs;> Mw;Wg;gLf;iffs;> ghk;G Nghy nespe;j rhiyfs;> mjd; %iy KLf;f vy;yhk; cs;sk; if ney;ypf; fdp Nghy; njupe;jpUe;jJ.


thd; jhf;FjYf;F <LnfhLf;f KbahJ vd;w cz;ikia czHe;j `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; ,];Nuypd; jiug; gilia cs;Ns ntFJhuk;  Eioa tpl;Lg; gpd;dH vjpHjhf;Fjiyj; njhLj;jhHfs;. ,J vjpup gilia epiyFiya itj;jJ.

 

mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; ,];Nuy; rpj;jupg;gJ Nghy `p];Gy;yh mikg;G xU “gaq;futhjf; FO” md;W.  `p];Gy;yh nygdhd; ehl;L \pah kf;fisg; gpujpepj;Jtg; gLj;Jk; murpay; - FKfha - ,uhZt mikg;ghFk;.

 

nygdpd; nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 40 tpOf;fhl;bdH \pah kjg;gpupitr; NrHe;jtHfs;. mtHfSf;F 87 tpOf;fhL nygdd; kf;fsJ MjuT ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

njhlf;fj;jpy; `p];Gy;yhit Mjupf;f tpUk;ghj Rd;dp kjg; gpupitr; NrHe;jtHfSk; fpwpj;jtHfSk; ,];Nuypd; NghH ntwpiag; ghHj;J tpl;L `p];Gy;yhit Mjupj;jhHfs;.

 

\pah kjj;jtH muG kf;fspd; Nghuhl;lj;ijf; fhl;bf; nfhLf;Fk; JNuhfpfs; vd Kd;dH rhba my; Ftj;jh ,af;fk; ,d;W `p];Gy;yh muG kf;fsJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; Kd;dzpg; gil vdg; Nghw;WfpwJ.

 

nygdd; NghUf;Fg; gpd;dH `p];Gy;yh K];ypk; cyfj;jpd; ntw;wpehafd; vd;w gbepiyf;F caHj;jpAs;sJ. `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; ,];NuYf;F vjpuhf 1986> 1967> 1973 NghHfspy; muG gilfs; vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhba ehs;fistpl mjpf ehs;fs; vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhb ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. mJ kl;Lky;y mtHfis ,];Nuy; gilapduhy; ntw;wpnfhs;s Kbatpy;iy.

 

,J ,];Nuy; gilia ahuhYk; nty;y KbahJ vd;W  ePz;l ehs;fshf nkj;jg; ghLgl;L  cUthf;fp itj;jpUe;j khia  `];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspdhy; jfHf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ.  

 

Nghupy; mbthq;fpa ,];Nuy; `p];Gy;yh ,af;fj;jpd; jiytH Nrf; `rd; eh];uy;yh mtHfis gLnfhiy nra;Ak; Kaw;rpia ,dpNky; Jupjg;gLj;Jk; vd vjpH ghHf;fyhk;.

 

nygdDf;F vjpuhd ,];Nuypd; gilnaLg;ig mnkupf;fh gykhf Mjupj;jJ. NghH eilngw;w fhyj;jpy; mtru mtrukhf MAjq;fisAk; ghupa  Fz;LfisAk; tpkhd %yk; mDg;gp itj;jJ. NghH njhlq;fpa NghJ NghH epWj;jj;Jf;fhd fhyk; tutpy;iy vd mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH G\; kw;Wk;   ,uhrhq;f mikr;rH nfhd;lyPr iw]; ,UtUk; nrhd;dhHfs;.  NghUf;Fg; gpd;dH xU “Gjpa kj;jpafpof;F” (New Middle East) cUthFk; vdTk; jk;gl;lk; mbj;jhHfs;. Mdhy; mtHfsJ fdT gypf;ftpy;iy. ,uhf;> Mg;fdp];jhd; ,uz;bYk; mile;j ,uhZtj; Njhy;tpiag; NghyNt nygddpYk; Njhy;tpiaj; jOtpf; nfhz;Ls;shHfs;.

 

,Ugjpdhapuk; ,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;ij xU rpy Mapuk; `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; GwKJF fhl;lr; nra;jJ ,uhidj; jhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w mnkupf;fhtpd; jpl;lj;ij kW Ma;T nra;a itj;Js;sJ.

 

`p];Gy;yh NghuhspfSf;F ,uhdpd; Gul;rpg; giljhd; (Revolutionary Guards) gapw;rpAk; MAjKk;  toq;fpaJ. ,uhid mnkupf;fh jhf;fpdhy; `p];Gy;yh NghuhspfSf;F gapw;rpAk; MAjKk; toq;fpa Gul;rpg; gilNahLjhd; rz;il nra;a NeupLk;. mg;NghJ ,];Nuy; Kfk; nfhLj;j `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfis tpl mjpf typik tha;e;j Gul;rpg;gilNahL  mnkupf;fg; gilapdH Nghuhl NeupLk;.

 

,g;NghJ ma;ad;dh ghJfhg;G mit nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wpa NghH epWj;j jPHkhdk; fhuzkhf nygddpy; mikjp epyTfpwJ. njd; nygdhDf;F ma;ad;dh gilfs; fl;lk; fl;lkhf mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpwJ. gjpdhapuk; nygdd; ,uhZtj;jpdH mq;F efHj;jg;gl;L tUfpwhHfs;. 

 

Mdhy; NghH epWj;jk; vt;tsT fhyk; ePbf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ. Vw;fdNt ,];Nuy; `p];Gy;yhf;fSf;F MAjq;fs; toq;fg;gLtijj; jLg;gjhfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L njd; nygddpy; Fz;L tPrpAs;sJ. mjid ma;ad;dh mg;gl;lkhd Aj;j kPwy; vdf; fLikahff;  fz;bj;Js;sJ.

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytupd; “NghHf; Nfhyj;ij” mnkupf;f nghJ kf;fs; fz;bg;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. vjpHg;gjhfTk; njupatpy;iy. mnkupf;f Nguit kw;Wk; Nkyit ,uz;Lk; G\; mtHfs; kf;fshl;rp NghHitapy; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhfj; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; rz;ilfis Mjupf;fpd;wd.

 

mnkupf;fHfs; Nghyy;yhJ ,];NuypaHfs; nfhQ;rk; Gj;jprhypfs;. nygdd; ehl;Lf;F vjpuhd NghH jlk; Guz;ljhy; ,];Nuypa kf;fspd; Nfhgj;Jf;Fk; rhgj;Jf;Fk; MshtJ jpz;zk;. mLj;J tUk; NjHjypy; gy murpay; jiyfs; cUsf; $Lk;.

 

vJ vg;gb ,Ug;gpDk; ,g;gbahd rz;ilfspdhy; nygdd; kw;Wk; ,];Nuypa ehLfsJ mg;ghtpg; nghJkf;fNs mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. 

,];Nuy; gilapduhy; `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfis eRf;f KbahjJ fpof;F  Mrpahtpy; gy murpay; - ,uhZt tpisTfis cUthf;fpAs;sJ. ,];Nuy; Nghd;w gilgyk; tha;e;j ehl;bd; gilia `p];Gy;yh ntw;wpfukhf vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhbajpd; %yk; muG ehl;L ,uhZtq;fs; 58 Mz;Lfshf rhjpf;f Kbahjij mJ Kjd; Kiwahfr; rhjpj;Js;sJ. ( cyfj;jkpoH - Mf];l; 24> 2006)

 

 

 


 

 

rz;ilf;Fg; gpd; muG - K];ypk; ehLfspy; caHe;Js;s `p];Gy;yhtpd; gbkk;!

 

nygdd; kPJ ,];Nuy; fle;j A+iy 12 Mk; ehs; njhlf;fg;gl;l jiu> thd;> fly; jhf;Fjy; Mf];l; 14 Mk; ehs; fhiy 5.00 kzpf;F KbTf;F te;Js;sJ.

 

nygdhd; gpujku; jkJ muR ghJfhg;G rig jPu;khdj;ij Vfkdjhf Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sjhff; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;.

 

njd; nygdhDf;F ma;f;fpa ehLfspdJk; nygdhdpdJk; gilfs; te;J Nru;e;j gpd;du; ,];Nuypa gilapdu; mq;fpUe;J tpyf;fg;gLtu; vd ,];Nuy; njuptpj;Js;sJ.

 

`p];Gy;yh mikg;G ma;ad;dh ghJfhg;G mit epiwNtw;wpa jPu;khdj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhz;L If;fpa ehLfspdJk; nygdhdpdJk; gilfSf;F xj;Jiog;G toq;Fk; vd mwptpj;Js;sJ.  ghJfhg;Gr; rig jPu;khdj;ij ,];Nuypa gilapdu; gpd;gw;wj; njhlq;fpaJk; jdJ NghuhspfSk; mjidg; gpd;gw;Wtu; vd `p];Gy;yh mikg;gpd; jiytu; `rd; e];uy;yh (Hassan Nasrallah) njuptpj;Js;shu;.

 

vdpDk;> nygdhd; kz;zpYs;s ve;j ,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;ijAk; vjpu;j;J `p];Gy;yh NghuhLk; vdTk; e];uy;yh Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;.

 

“,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;jpd; elkhl;lk; ,Uf;Fk; tiu> Mf;fpukpg;G epyTk; tiu> ,uhZtj;jpdu; vkJ epiyfis Mf;fpukpf;Fk; tiu mtu;fSf;F vjpuhf NghuhLtJ vkJ cupik' vd NkYk; mtH Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;.

 

mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH ma;f;;fpa ehLfspd; jPu;khdj;ij tuNtw;Ws;shu;. `p];Gy;yh mikg;Gk; mjd; MjuT ehLfshd <uhd;> rpupah ,uz;Lk;  Njitaw;w Aj;jj;ij kj;jpa fpof;fpy; nfhz;L te;Js;sjhf mtu; Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;shu;.

 

NghHepWj;j cld;ghL eilKiwf;F tUtjw;F 15 kzpj;Jspfs; ,Uf;F kl;Lk; ,];Nuy; jdJ kpNyr;rj;jdkhd tpkhd jhf;FjiyAk; Ml;bywp jhf;FjiyAk; tpba tpba elhj;jpaJ.

 

mNj rkak; rdpf;fpoik eilngw;w Nkhjy;fspy; 19 ,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;jpdu; nfhy;yg;gl;ldu;.

 

vz;zp 34 ehs;fs; Xa;nthoptpd;wp ,];Nuypd; Kg;gilfSk; elj;jpa ,j;  ,j;jhf;Fjypy; nygdd; Kw;whf mopf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. <T ,uf;fk; nfhQ;rKk; ,d;wp nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,e;jg; Nghupy; -   

                                                                 

                            nygdd;         ,];Nuy;

,we;j nghJkf;fs;            -    1071                43

,we;j gilapdH (fp];Gy;yh)    -     200 (?)            114

,lg;ngaHT                 -   800>000             500>000

nrhj;jopT kjpg;G (m.nlhyHfs;) -   250 Nfhb          110 Nfhb     

 

nygdhd; gpujku; jkJ muR  ghJfhg;G mitapd; jPu;khdj;ij Vfkdjhf Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sjhff; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;.

 

,];NuYf;Fk; `p];Gy;yhTf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j rz;ilapy; ahUf;F ntw;wp? xU rz;ilapy; ahUf;Fk; ntw;wp ,y;iy vy;NyhUf;Fk; ,og;Gj;jhd; vd;ghHfs;. ,Ue;Jk; ,e;jr; rz;ilapy; `p];Gy;yhTf;Fj;jhd; ntw;wp vd mjd; jiytH ehruy;yh nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH. mjpy; cz;ik ,y;yhky; ,y;iy. rz;ilapd; NghJ ve;jg; glglg;Ngh gjl;lNkh ,d;wp njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; Njhd;wp ,];NuYf;F vjpuhf miw$ty; nra;J ciuahw;wpdhH. 

 

,jw;F Kd;dH ,];NuYf;Fk; muG ehLfSf;Fk; (vfpg;J> rpupah> NahHlhd;) ,ilapy; 1967 ,y; ele;j Nghupy; ,];Nuy; gilfs; muG ehl;Lg; gilfis vz;zp 6 ehs;fspy; Gwq;fz;lJ. 1982  ,y; ,];Nuypag; gilfs; nygdd; kPJ gilnaLj;j  rpy ehs;fspy; ngapWhl; (Beirut) mtHfs; ifapy; tPo;e;jJ.

Mdhy; rpy Mapuk; vz;zpf;ifAila  `p];Gy;yh nfupyhf;fSf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; 34 ehs;fs; fopj;Jk; mtHfis ,];Nuypdhy; Gwq;fhz Kbatpy;iy!

filrp ehsd;W $l `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; 250 VTfizfis tl ,];Nuy; kPJ Vtp ,Ue;jhHfs;! nkhj;jk; 4>000 Fk; mjpfkhd VTfiz VtpapUe;jhHfs;.

cz;ikapy; ,];NuYf;Fk; `p];Gy;yhTf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j rz;il mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,Ue;j mnkupf;fhTf;Fk; ,uhDf;Fk; ele;j kiwKf rz;il vd murpay; Ma;thsHfs; vz;ZfpwhHfs;.

 

,e;jr; rz;ilf;F ,];Nuy; jug;gpy; nrhy;yg;gl;l fhuzq;fs; ,uz;L.

1)      rpiwg;gpbf;fg;gl;l ,];Nuypa gilapdH ,UtH epge;jid ,d;wp tpLjiy nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;.

2)      ,uz;L `p];Gy;yh nfupy;yh giliaAk; mjd; fl;lisj; jiyikiaAk; Kw;whf mopg;gJ.

 

,e;jr; rz;ilf;F ,];Nuy; jug;gpy; nrhy;yg;glhj fhuzq;fs; ,uz;L.

1) nygdd; ehl;L fl;Lkhdj;ij Kw;whf mopg;gJ. mjd; %yk; nygdpa kf;fspd; Nfhgj;ij `p];Gy;yh ,af;fj;Jf;F vjpuhfTk; \pah K];ypk;;fSf;F vjpuhfTk;  jpUg;gptpLtJ.

2)mnkupf;fh ,uhdpd; mZrf;jp epiyaq;fs; kPJ Fz;L tPrpj; jhf;fpdhy; ,];Nuy; jdf;F vjpuhf ,uhd; ,d;ndhU fisKidia jpwg;gjw;Fupa tha;g;igj; jLg;gJ.

 

,tw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf ngupa murpay; Nehf;fKk; ,];NuYf;F ,Ue;jJ. mJ vd;dntdpy; ,];Nuypd; gil gyj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp kj;jpa fpof;fpy; xU mikjp xg;ge;jj;ij vOjpf; nfhs;tJ. mjd; fPo; ,];Nuy; ghy];jPdk;> nygdd; kw;Wk; rpupahtpd; epyk; kPJk; ePH kPJk; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;il ,Wf;FtJ.

Mdhy; rz;il epWj;jk; eilKiwf;F te;jNghJ ,];Nuypd; ,uhZt – murpay;  Nehf;fq;fspy; xd;NwDk; epiwNtwtpy;iy!

vjpHghHj;jthW rz;ilapd; ngWNgW ,Uf;ftpy;iy vd;w epiyapy; ,];Nuy; gilapdH kj;jpapy; ,g;NghJ Mis Ms; Fw;wk; rhl;Lk; Fuy;fs; Nfl;fpd;wd.

nygdd; kPJ gilnaLg;gJ vd;w Kbit ,];Nuy; jiyik mikr;rH VFl; xy;NkHl; (Ehud Olmert) vLj;j NghJ mtH xU #jhl;lj;jpy;jhd; ,wq;fpdhH.  mtiu Kw;W KOjhf Mjupj;j mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\; ahuhYNk nty;y KbahJ vd;W ek;gg;gl;l xU ,uhZt ae;jpuj;jpd; KJfpy; rhthup nra;J nfhz;L xU “Gjpa kj;jpa fpof;if” cUthf;fyhk; vd ek;gpdhH. 

 

Mdhy; `p];Gy;yh ,af;fk; ,];Nuypa gilfspd; jhf;FjYf;Ff; filrptiu Kfk; nfhLj;J Nghuhbajd; %yk; xy;NkHl; - G\; ,UtuJ fdTk; ,uNthL ,uthff; fiyj;Jtpl;lJ. mnkupf;f gioikthjpfspd; “Gjpa kj;jpa fpof;F” fdTk; gfy; fdthfp tpl;lJ.

`p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspd; Vtfiz jsq;fis mopj;njhopf;f ,];Nuy; elj;jpa fz;%bj;jdkhd tpkhdj; jhf;Fjy;fs; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jd. ghJfhg;G mitapd; NghH epWj;jf; fhyf; nfLtUKd; ypjhdp (Litani) Mw;iwg; gpbf;f ,];Nuypa gil Kd;NdwpaNghJ 19 gilapdH `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspd; vjpHj; jhf;Fjypy;  nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;.

 

fle;j 30 Mz;Lfshf ,];Nuy; jdJ gilgyj;jhYk; MAj gyj;jhYk; ghy];jPdpa kz;iz Mf;fpukpj;J tUfpwJ. mjpfsT gilgyKk; MAj gyKk; ,y;yhj ghy];jPdpa nfupy;yh ,af;fq;fis ‘gr;rb’ Nghl;L te;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

ghy];jPdpa jPtputhj jiytHfisAk; ;NghuhspfisAk; thdpy; ,Ue;J FwpghHj;J VTfiz tPrpf; nfhiy nra;tJ> ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfsJ tPLfis Gy;NlhrH nfhz;L jfHg;gJ ,e;j ,uz;ilAk; ,];Nuypa gilfs; rHtrhjhuzkhf nra;jd.  mg;gbahd xU ,uhztk;jhd; ,g;NghJ Kjy;Kiwahf `p];Gy;yh ifahy; gyj;j  ‘mb’ thq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

nygdd; kPjhd gilnaLg;gpy; ,];Nuy; tpkhdg; giliag; gad;gLj;jp `p];Gy;yhitg; ‘gjk;’ gHf;fyhk; vd;Nw Kjypy; ,];Nuy; epidj;jpUe;jJ. Mdhy; fhdh (Qana) vd;w efupy; elj;jpa Fz;Lj;jhf;Fjypy; gy nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lij mLj;J ,];Nuy; jdJ NghH tpA+fj;ij khw;wpf; nfhz;lJ.  `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfis ntw;wpnfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;why; ngupa vz;zpf;if nfhz;l jiug;gilia fsk; ,wf;f  Ntz;Lk; vd;w  Kbit jiyik mikr;rH xy;NkHl; vLj;jhH.   

 

,g;NghJ vOjg;gl;l cld;ghL epd;W gpbf;Fkh? rz;il kPz;Lk; njhlq;fhJ vd;gjw;F vd;d cj;juthjk;? `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfspd; MAjq;fs; fisag;gLkh?

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikjpg;gil (UNIFIL) mJ epiynfhz;Ls;s gFjpia  ve;jtpjkhd jhf;Fjy; eltbf;iff;Fk; gad;gLj;jg;gLtij mDkjpf;fhJ. mg;gb ahUk; me;jg; gFjpiaj; jhf;FjYf;Fg; gad;gLj;jpdhy; jpUg;gpj;jhf;Fk; mjpfhuk; me;jg; gilf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

nygdd; murpd; rk;kjj;NjhL ypjhdp Mw;Wf;F tlf;Nf jdJ ,uhZt gyj;NjhL ,aq;f ma;ad;dh mitapd; jPHkhdk; toprikj;Js;sJ. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; `p];Gy;yh ,af;fk; jdJ MAjq;fisf; ifaspf;fhJ. vjpHfhyj;jpy; ,];Nuypd; gilnaLg;igj; jLf;fNt ,e;j Vw;ghL.

 

,g;NghJ vOjg;gl;l cld;ghL epd;W gpbf;Fkh? vd;w Nfs;tpf;F epd;W gpbf;Fk; vd;gNj gjpyhFk;. Mdhy; mJ vt;tsT fhyj;jpw;F vd;gJ ,];Nuypd; eltbf;ifffisg; nghWj;J ,Uf;fpwJ.  ,];Nuy; fle;j khjk; gpbj;j gFjpfis tpl;L ntspNawf; fhyf; nfL tpjpf;fg;gltpy;iy. ,];Nuy; ntspNaw kWj;jhy; my;yJ mjw;fhd fhyj;ij ,Oj;jbj;jhy; rz;il kPz;Lk; %oyhk;.

 

Nghupdhy; mopf;fg;gl;l nygdid kPz;Lk; fl;bnaOg;g ,];Nuy; nygdDf;F ,og;gPlhf vjidAk; nfhLf;fNtz;Lk; vdf; Nfl;fg;gltpy;iy. Fitj;J kPJ 1990 ,y; rjhk; FNrd; gilnaLj;j NghJ me;j ehl;Lf;F Vw;gl;l gy Nfhb m.nlhyH ngWkjpahd nrhj;J ,og;ig ,uhf; <Lnra;a Ntz;Lk; vd epHge;jpf;fg;gl;lJ epidtpUf;fyhk;. 

 

nkhj;jj;jpy; ,e;jr; rz;il `p];Gy;yhtpd; gbkj;ij tl nygdd; cl;gl muG -K];ypk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; caHj;jpAs;sJ. Fwpg;ghf \pah kjg;gpuptpdH kj;jpapy; `p];Gy;yhtpd; rhjid ngupjhf vz;zg;gLfpwJ. mjd; nry;thf;F caHe;Js;sJ. 

 

NkYk; ,e;jr; rz;ilapy; `p];Gy;yh ,af;fj; jiytH eh];uy;yhTf;F fjhehafd; gbepiy fpilj;Js;sJ. kiwe;j vfpg;J ehl;bd; Ml;rpj;jiytH mg;Jy; ehrNuhL mtH xg;gpl;Lg; Ngrg;gLfpwhH. (gugug;G - Mf];l; 18> 2006)

 

 

 


 

gply; f];Nuhtpd; Cop KbTf;F te;Jtpl;ljh?

 

xU gUe;jpd; epoypd; fPo; ,Ue;J nfhz;L xU Nfhopf; FQ;R gUe;jpd; fz;zpy; tpuiytpl;L Ml;l KbAkh? KbAk; vd;fpwhH fpA+ghtpd; Ml;rpj; jiytuhf New;Wtiu ,Ue;j gply; fh];l;Nuh!

 

fle;j 48 Mz;Lfshf mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytHfspd; Jhf;fj;ijf; nfLj;J tUk; gply; fh];l;Nuh Kjy; Kiwahf Neha;tha;g;gl;L gLf;ifapy; tpOe;Js;shH.

 

rpW Flypy; FUjpg; ngUf;fpdhy; Jd;gg;gl;l fh];l;Nuh kUj;Jt kidapy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;lhH. mq;F mtUf;F mWit itj;jpak; nra;ag;gl;lJ. mtH NjwptUtjhf kUj;Jtkid tl;lhuq;fs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. Mdhy; mur mbg;gilapy; mwpf;if vJTk; tpLf;fg; gltpy;iy.

 

kUj;Jtkidf;Fg; NghFKd;dH jdJ Ml;rp mjpfhuk; midj;ijAk; jdJ ,sty; uhTy; fh];l;Nuhtplk; xg;gile;jpUe;jhH.

 

gply; fh];l;Nuh gy rhjidfisg; gilj;Js;shH. mtHjhd; cyfpd; ePz;lfhy muRj; jiytH vd;w ngaiu vLj;jtH. 1959 Mk; Mz;L rdtup 1 ehs; fpA+ghtpy; ele;j Gul;rpiaj; njhlHe;J Ml;rp mjpfhuk; mtH ifapy;jhd; ,Ue;J te;jJ. 

 

rpma;V csT epWtdk; Nkw;nfhz;l nfhiy Kaw;rpapy; ,Ue;J jg;gp ,Uf;Fk; xNu Ml;rpj; jiytH gply; fh];l;Nuh xUtHjhd;. 638 f;Fk; Nkyhd jlit rpma;V  mtiuf; nfhiy nra;j Kaw;rp nra;jJ. Mdhy; ntw;wpngw Kbatpy;iy. 

 

,d;W cyfpy; vQ;rpAs;s nghJTlik ehLfspy; fpA+ghTk; xd;W. Vidait tlnfhupahTk; rPdf; FbauRk; MFk;. rPdhitg; nghWj;jstpy; murpay; kl;lj;jpy;jhd; mJ xU nghJTlik ehL. nghUshjhu kl;lj;jpy; mJnthU gr;ir Kjyhspj;Jt ehlhFk;.

 

fpA+gh vg;gbg;gl;l ehL? my;yJ jPT?

 

mofhd nghUs;fs; vy;yhk; fz;fSf;F kl;lw;w kfpo;r;rpiaf; nfhLf;fpd;wd.  ghLk; Fapy;fs;> XLk; MWfs;> NgRk; fpspfs;> nfhl;Lk; mUtpfs;> G+j;Jf; FYq;Fk; kyHfs;> jiy rha;e;J fplf;Fk; new;fjpHfs;> ,jkhf tPRk; njd;wy; Nghd;wit fz;Zf;Fk; fUj;Jf;Fk; tpUe;jhf ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

kfhftp ghujpahH jhk; ghba Fapy; ghl;by; kq;if xUj;jpapd; Nkdp eyj;jpidAk; ntl;bidAk; fl;bidAk; Njdpy; ,dpahs; jpUj;j epiyapidAk; kw;wtHf;F nrhy;y trkhNkh? vdf; Nfl;L tpl;L fw;wtHf;Fr; nrhy;fpwhH-

 

ftpijf; fdp gpope;j

rhw;wpdpNy> gz;$j; njDkptw;wpd; rhunky;yhk;

Vw;wp mjNdhNl ,d;dKijj; jhd; fye;J

fhjy; ntapypNy fhaitj;j fl;bapdhy;

khjtdpd; Nkdp tFj;jhd; gpukndd;Ngd;

……………………………

 

ghujpahH fpA+gh jPitg; ghHjjjpy;iy. me;j tha;g;G mtUf;Ff; fpl;ltpy;iy. fpl;bapUe;jhy; ey;yNjhH ftpij xd;iwf; fl;b ,Ug;ghH. fpA+gh jPT mt;tsT nfhs;is moF. mjd; ,jkhd fhyepiy> Rw;wpYk; ePyf;fly;> ghy;Nghy; tpupe;J fplf;Fk; flw;fiu> ry ry vd XLk; MWfs; Mfpait me;jj; jPit G+Nyhf nrhHf;fkhf khw;wpf; fhl;LfpwJ. ehd; Neupy; ghHj;j cz;ik ,J.

fpA+ghtpd; tuyhW gw;wp xU gUe;Jg; ghHit ghHf;fyhk;.

 

1492        -  fpwp];NjhgH nfhyk;g]; fpA+ghitf; fz;L gpbj;J mJ ,Rg;ghdpa murUf;F nrhe;jkhdJ vd;W cupik NfhupdhH. mjd; gpd;  400 Mz;Lfs;   ,Rg;ghdpah fpA+ghit Ml;rp nra;jJ.

 

1868 - 1878   - fpA+gd; Gul;rpg; gil ,Rg;ghdpa Ml;rpia vjpHj;J 10 Mz;Lfs; Nghupl;lJ. ,Rg;ghdpa murpay; rPHjpUj;jq;fisf; nfhz;Ltu xj;Jf; nfhz;lJ.

 

1895    - fpA+gd;]; kWgbAk; ,Rg;ghdpahTf;F vjpuhf ,uz;lhtJ Rje;jpug; Nghiu njhlq;fpdhHfs;.

 

1898     - mnkupf;fh fpA+ghNthL NrHe;J nfhz;L ,Rg;ghdpahit Njhw;fbj;jJ. ,Rg;ghdpah fpA+gh kPjhd Ml;rpAupikf; iftpl;lJ

 

1898 – 1902   -  fpA+ghtpy; mnkupf;f ,uhZt Ml;rp.

 

1902                    -  fpA+gh Fbaurhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. Tomαs Estrada Palma vd;gtH mjd; Kjy; Ml;rpj; jiytuhf NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;lhH.

 

1903       – xU cld;gbf;if %yk; mnkupf;fh Guantanamo tisFlhit epue;jukhff; Fj;jiff;F vLj;Jf; nfhz;lJ.

 

 1933          - Fulgencio Batista ZaldνvarBatista”) Gul;rp %yk; Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpdhH.

 

1959                    -  gpyly; fh];Nuh jiyikapy; Gulrp;g;gil g];upahit ftpo;J tpl;L Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpaJ.

 

1961    -  gply; fh];l;Nuh fpA+ghit xU nghJTlik ehlhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jpdhH. ,Nj Mz;L mnkupf;f rpma;V csT epWtdk;          fpA+gh vjpHg;ghsHfsJ cjtpAld; fpA+ghitf; ifg;gw;w Kaw;rp vLj;jJ. Mdhy; mJ gL Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ.

 

1962    - fpA+gh kPJ mnkupf;fh nghUshjhuj; jiliaf; nfhz;Lte;jJ. ,jd;gb mnkupf;f Fbkfd; vtUk; fpA+ghNthL thzpfk; nra;aTk; me;j ehl;Lf;Fg; gazk; nra;aTk; jil tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,Nj Mz;Ljhd; fpA+ghtpw;F VTfizfisf; nfhz;L nrd;w Nrhtpaj; fg;gy;fs; mnkupf;fhtpdhy; eLf;flypy; topkwpf;fg;gl;L jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gl;lJ. ,jdhy; ,U ehLfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; xU mZthAjg; NghH %StJ jtpHf;fg;gl;lJ.

        

         1976              - fpA+gh Gjpa murpay; ahg;ig vOjpf; nfhz;lJ. mjd;gb fpA+gh fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpNa ehl;bd; Kjd;ikahd mjpfhu ikak; vdg; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

 

         1980  - fpA+ghit tpl;L 125>000 fpA+gd;]; mnkupf;fhtpw;F glFfspy; Vwpj; jg;gp Xl;lk;.

       

         1991      -  Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; fiyf;fg;gl;lJ. fpA+ghTf;Ff; fpilj;J te;j   nghUshjhu cjtp epWj;jg;gLfpwJ. nghUshjhuk; rPHFiye;jJ.

       

         1993      - fpA+gh nghUshjhu rPHjpUj;jq;fis Nkw;nfhs;fpwJ. mjd;gb jdpahl;fs; thzpfk; elj;j mDkjpf;fg; gl;lhHfs;.

       

         1994     - kPz;Lk; fpA+gd;]; ehl;il tpl;L ntspNawp mnkupf;fhtpy; murpay; jQ;rk; milfpwhHfs;. ,jidj; njhlHe;J Mz;L NjhWk; 20>000 fpA+gd;ir mnkupf;f ehl;Lf;Fs; mDkjpf;Fk; cld;ghL xd;W ,uz;L ehLfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;lJ.

       

         1998       - Nghg;ghz;ltH ,uz;lhtJ rpd;dg;gH fpA+ghTf;F tuyhw;W Kf;fpak; tha;e;j gazk; xd;iw Nkw;nfhz;lhH. mWgJfspy; kj  Rje;jpuk; fpA+ghtpy;  jil nra;ag;gl;lJ.

 

,d;iwa fpA+gh gw;wp rpy juTfisg; ghHg;Nghk;.

kf;fs; njhif – 113>46>670   (2005 Mk; Mz;L kjpg;gPL) (,yq;if 190 ,yl;rk;)

,dq;fs;      - fyg;gpdk;   -  51 tpOf;fhL ( Mulatto 51 %)

              - nts;isaH -  37 tpOf;fhL

              - fUg;gH     -  11 tpOf;fhL

              - rPdH       -   1 tpOf;fhL

epyg;gug;G             - 110>922 rJu fpkP ( 43>000 rJu fy; ) ,yq;if 65>610         

                        rJu fpkP (25>332 rJu fy;)

mur nkhop            - ,Rg;ghdPah

gbj;jtHfs;            - 98 tpOf;fhL

kUj;JtHfs;           -  65>000 (200 NgUf;F xU kUj;JtH)

jiyefuk;             - `thdh

rkak;                  - fj;Njhypf;fk; (85 tpOf;fhL)

Njrpa tUkhdk; jiyf;F - 1260 m. nlhyHfs; (,yq;if 750 m.nlhyHfs;)

ruhrup mfit          - 76.21 Mz;L;

 

fpA+gh kf;fs; njhifapy; 10 ,y; VO Ngu; 1959 Gul;rpf;F gpd;du; gpwe;jtu;fs;.

xU Jd;gpay; nra;jp. fpA+gh jPptpd; G+HtPf Fbfs; ,d;W ,y;iy. me;jj; jPitf; fz;L gpbj;j ,Rg;ghdpaH xUtH kpQ;rhky; mtHfisf; nfhd;W xopj;J tpl;lhHfs;! me;jj; Jd;gpaiy ,d;ndhU jUzj;jpy; nrhy;YNtd;.

fh];Nuhtpd; Cop KbTf;F te;Jtpl;ljh? Mk; vd;gNj ,jw;Fg; gjpy; MFk;. vz;gJ taij vl;btpl;l fh];l;Nuhtpd;  cly; eyk; gioa epiyf;Fj; jpUk;gpdhYk; Ml;rp kPJ mtH itj;jpUe;j gpb jpUk;g tha;g;gpy;iy.

nghJthf xU fl;rp Ml;rpAs;s ehLfspy; mjd; jiytH kiwa NeHe;jhy; ghupa murpay; - nghUshjhu khw;wq;fs; Vw;gLtJ ,ay;ghFk;.

Nrhtpaj; xd;wpaj;jpd; rHthjpfhup ];lhypd; kiwTf;Fg; gpd;dH ];lhypd; gyj;j  fz;ldj;Jf;F  cs;shdhH. jdJ murpay; vjpupfis Nfl;Lf; Nfs;tpapd;wp jPHj;Jf; fl;batH vd;w Fw;wr; rhl;Lf;fs; mtH kPJ tPrg;gl;ld.

khNr Jq;fpd; fijAk; mJjhd;. mtuJ kiwTf;Fg; gpd;dH rPdhtpd;  nghUshjhuf; nfhs;if jiy fPo; khw;wk; fz;lJ. mtuhy; XJf;fp itf;fg;gl;bUe;j fl;rpj; jiytHfs; khNr Jq;fpd; MjuthsHfis Jhf;fp vwpe;J tpl;L Ml;rp mjpfhuj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpf; nfhz;lhHfs;.

,Nj Nghy; A+Nfhrpyhtpa NrhryPr Fbaurpd; Ml;rpj; jiytH upl;Nuh kiwe;j gpd;dH me;j ehL rpjwj; njhlq;fpaJ.

fpA+ghtpy; jdpf;fl;rp Ml;rp eilngWtjhy; mq;F miu Ehw;whz;L fhykhf kf;fspd; cz;ikahd ehbj; Jbg;igf; fzpf;Fk; tha;g;gpy;yhJ Ngha;tpl;lJ. Ngr;Rr; Rje;jpuk;>  vOj;Jr; Rje;jpuk; ,y;iy. Rje;jpukhd Clfq;fs; ,y;iy. kdpjTupik Ngzg;gLtjpy;iy.  fh];l;Nuhtpd; fk;A+dpr Ml;rpf;F ntspg;gilahd vjpHg;G ,y;iy. cs;Su ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; Kiwahd NjHjiyf; fz;buhj ehl;by; vjpHg;G ,Uf;fpwjh ,y;iyah vd;gijf; fz;lwptJ fbdk;.

fh];l;Nuhtpd; fk;A+dpr Ml;rpia tpUk;ghjtHfs; me;j ehl;il tpl;L Xb tpl;lhHfs;. mtHfs; vy;NyhUk; ,g;NghJ Gsuplh>  kpahkp> epA+ NahHf;> ,ypNdha; kw;Wk; fypNghHdpah Nghd;w efuq;fspy;  tho;fpwhHfs;. fpA+ghtpy; ,Ue;J Xb tUgtHfSf;F mnkupf;fh mz;ikf; fhyk; tiu kW Nfs;tp Nfl;fhJ FbAupik toq;fp te;jJ. mnkupf;fhtpy; ,g;NghJ gj;J ,yf;fk; fpA+gd;]; tho;fpwhHfs;. ,jdhy; Gsuplh khepyj;jpy; cs;s gy njhFjpfspy; Ntl;ghsHfspd; ntw;wp Njhy;tpia fpA+ghdpaH jPHkhdpf;fpwhHfs;! 

kpf mz;ikapy; (2005) Forbes vd;w mnkupf;f rQ;rpif fh];l;Nuh cyfshtpa  NfhBRtuHfsJ gl;baypy; 7 MtJ ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwhH vdr; nra;jp ntspapl;lJ. mtuJ nrhj;jpd; ngWkjp 900 kpy;ypad; mnkupf;f nlhyH vd mJ kjpg;gpl;lJ. mjhtJ 11 MtJ ,lj;jpy; itf;fg;gl;l gpupj;jhdpah murp ,uz;lhtJ vyprngj;jpd; nrhj;jpd; ngWkjpia tpl ,uz;L klq;F. ,e;jr; nra;jpapy; cz;ik ,y;iy.

gply; fh];l;Nuh kpf vspa tho;f;if tho;fpwhH. rhjhuz ,uhZt cilia mzpfpwhH. mtuJ ngupa ‘fl; mTl;’ Lfis my;yJ rpiyfis  fpA+ghtpy; vq;FNk ghHf;f KbahJ. Rw;Wyh mq;fhbfspy; rpwpa Gifg; glq;fs; kl;Lk; tpw;fg;gLfpd;wd. xNu xU jiytuJ ngupa  glq;fs; rpiyfs; kl;Lk; Kf;fpa rJf;fq;fspy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. mtH ahH vd;gJ cq;fSf;Fj; njupAk;. fpA+gh Gul;rpapd; NghJ fh];l;Nuhtpd; tyJ ifahf tpsq;fpatH. Gul;rpf;Fg; gpd;dH gjtp vJTk; Ntz;lhk; vd;W nrhy;yptpl;L nghy;tpah nrd;W mq;F Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;f;fg;  Nghuhb ,we;j Nr Fthuh. ,jdhy; fh];Nuhit tpl Nr FthuhNt Gul;rpahsHfsJ khdrPf FUthf tpsq;FfpwhH.  

Gul;rpf;Fg; gpe;jpa fpA+ghtpd; nghUshjhuk; nehbe;J Ngha; cs;sJ. kf;fspd; czT cil ciwtplk; Nghd;w mbg;gilj; Njitfs; ngUksT epiwT  nra;ag;gl;lhYk; fpA+gh xU Vio ehlhfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. Neupy; fpA+ghitg; ghHj;jtHfSf;F ,e;j cz;ik Gyg;gLk;.

ehw;gj;J vl;L Mz;Lfs; fope;Jk; fpA+gh ehl;L kf;fsJ tho;f;ifj; juk; caHj;jg;gltpy;iy vd;gJ xU Nrhf tuyhWjhd;.

fpA+ghtpy; jdp kdpj khj tUkhdk; 40 NgNrh njhlf;fk; 400 NgNrh tiu ,Uf;fpwJ. 27 NgNrh xU mnkupf;f nlhyH vd;w tpOf;fhl;by; 400 NgNrh tUkhdk; 15 mnkupf;f nlhyiutplf; FiwthfNt ,Uf;Fk;. xU kUj;JtuJ rk;gsKk; ,Jjhd;. fpA+ghTf;F Rw;Wyh NghfpwtHfs; xU N`hl;ly; CopaUf;F xU mnkupf;f nlhyiu md;gspg;ghff; nfhLj;jhy; mJ mtuJ 4 ehs; rk;gsj;Jf;F rkkhf ,Uf;Fk;.

Rw;Wyhj;Jiwf;Fg; ngaH Nghd fpA+ghtpy; N`hl;ly; CopaHfs; xU kUj;JtH ciog;gij tplf; $Ljyhf rk;ghjpf;fpwhHfs;. ngUk;ghYk; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp tpRthrpfNs ,g;gbahd Ntiyf;F mkHj;jg;gLfpwhHfs;.

mnkupf;fhtpd; nghUshjhuj; jil fpA+ghtpd; nghUshjuj;ijg; ghjpj;Js;sJ vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. ,e;jj; jilahy; me;epa KjyPL tuz;L NghdJ. mjdy; njhopy;Jiw ghjpf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; Ntshz;ikj; Jiwapy; $l fpA+gh ghupa Kd;Ndw;wj;ij vl;ltpy;iy.

xU NrhryPr ehl;by; vy;NyhUk; rkk; vy;NyhUk; XU epiw vd;gJ tWikiag; gq;fpl cjTfpwNj xopa nry;tj;ijg; gq;fpl cjTtjpy;iy.

xU ehL Kd;Ndw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; nghUs; cw;gj;ijiag; ngUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;jhy;jhd; ngupa mg;gj;ij kf;fSf;Fg; gq;fplyhk;. Mdhy; ,J NrhryPr nghUshjhuj;jpy; eilngWtJ ,y;iy. vy;NyhUf;Fk; vy;yhk; vd;w Kof;fk; vtUk; vjw;Fk; nghWg;gpy;iy vd;whfp tpLfpwJ.

xUtd; $l;Lg; gz;izapy; fhl;Lfpw mf;fiwf;Fk; jd; nrhe;jf; fhzpia cOJ tpijj;J mjd; gyd; KOtijAk; jdf;Nf itj;Jf; nfhs;sf; fhl;Lfpw Kaw;rpf;Fk; epiwa Ntw;Wik ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J kdpj Rghtk;. mjid murpay; - nghUshjhuj; jj;Jtq;fs; khw;w KbahJ.

fh];l;Nuhtpd; kiwTf;Fg; gpd;dH fpA+ghtpy; ngupa murpay; khw;wk; Vw;glhtpl;lhYk; nghUshjhu khw;wq;fs; ,lk;ngWk; vd epr;rak; nrhy;yyhk;. uhTy; fh];l;Nuh jhuhs nghUshjhu nfhs;iffspy; ek;gpf;if cilatH vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. vdNt fh];l;Nuhtpw;Fg; gpwF khw;wq;fs; ,lk; ngwyhk;. uhTy; fh];Nuh kiwe;j gpd;dHjhd; murpay; khw;wq;fis vjpHghHf;fyhk;.

fpA+ghtpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s fk;A+dp];l; Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;f;Fk; mnkupf;fhtpd; jpl;lk; ,d;Dk; iftplg;gltpy;iy. (gugug;G - Mf];l; 11>2006)


 

rpWjhT+iu tisj;J ciyapy; Nghl;l n[ayypjhtpd; capHj; Njhop rrpfyh

rpWjhT+H rpwpa Cuhf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mJ jkpof murpaypy; “ngupjhT+H” Mfg; Ngrg;gLfpwJ.

rpWjhT+H> nrd;id - khky;yGuk; neLQ;rhiyapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,q;Nf fz;Zf;Ff; FspHr;rpahd xU ngupa khspif. ,q;Nfjhd; Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjh mtuJ capHj; Njhop rrpfyh ,UtUk; nrd;W Xa;ntLj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;.

mwpQH mz;zh Kjyikr;ruhf ,Ue;j fhyj;jy; tptrhaj; njhopyhsHfisf; Fb mkHj;Jk; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 1967 nrg;njk;gH 15 ,y; rpWjht+upy; xU FLk;gj;Jf;F ,uz;liu Vf;fH epyKk;> gj;J nrz;L kidAk; toq;fg;gl;lJ.

mNj nrg;njk;gH 30 Mk; ehs; Jiz Ml;rpaH jiyikapy; mikf;fg;gl;l FO gadhspfisj; NjHT nra;jJ. mtHfSs; jypj; my;yhj ViofSk; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jdH.

 

,g;gb xJf;fg;gl;l ,lk; kiof;fhyj;jpy; nts;sk; epuk;Gfpw jho;thd gFjp vd;gjhYk; Ntshz;ikf;F Vw;wjhf ,y;yhjjhYk; mjpfkhd tpiy kjpg;G ,y;yhj epiyapy; rpy Mz;Lfspy; ,e;j epyq;fisg; ngw;w FbapUg;ghsHfs; gyH gpwUf;F tpw;W tpl;ldH vdf; $wg;gLfpwJ. mjd; gpd; me;j epyk; gyUf;F ifkhwpaJ. Rg=> [hfpH FNrd;> fh[h nkhfpjPd;> Nraj; mg;gh]> ,isauhrh vdf; ifkhwp ,Wjpapy; guzp  Cottage Resorts cupikahsHfs; mjid tpiyf;F thq;fpdhHfs;. rrpfyhtpd; neUq;fpa cwtpdHfshd ,sturp> rpj;jpuh. Rjhfud; MfpNahNu ,e;j guzp epWtdj;jpd; cupikahsHfs; MtH.

 

,g;NghJ jpKf Ml;rpf;F te;jJk; jypj;kf;fs; jq;fs; epyk; gpwuhy; gpLq;fg;gl;L tpl;ljhfTk; me;j epyk; rrpfyhTf;Fr; nrhe;jk; vdr; nrhy;yp jhq;fs; gaKWj;jg;gl;ljhfTk; Kiwg;ghL nra;jdH. epyj;ijr; Rw;wpg; Nglg;gl;l fk;gp NtypfisAk; Jhz;fisAk; jypj; kf;fspy; rpyH mfw;wptpl;ldH.

 

jypj;kf;fs; rhHghf khHf;rp];l; fl;rp nrd;idapy;  Nguzp xd;iw elj;jp Kjy;tH fUzhepjpaplk; jypj;Jf;fSf;F nrhe;jkhd epyj;ij kPl;Lj;jUkhW Nfl;Lf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

 

,J njhlHghf khHf;rp];l; fk;A+dp]l; fl;rpj; jiytH vd;. tujuhrd; jkpof KjYtH fUzhepjpia Neupy; re;jpj;J jypj; kf;fSf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l epyj;ij rrpfyhtpd; neUq;fp cwtpdHfs; Md ,sturp> rpj;jpuh> Rjhfud; MfpNahH Nkhrb nra;J thq;fp ,Ug;gjw;fhd Mtzq;fisf; ifaspj;jhH. jypj; kf;fSf;F 1967 Mk; Mz;L nfhLf;fg;gl;l epy msit vz;fs; (land survey numbers) rrpfyhtpd neUq;fpa cwtpdHfs; thq;fpa epyj;jpd msit vz;fNshL xj;Jg; Nghtjhf jpU. tujuhrd; njuptpj;jhH.

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf epy msT vz; 378/2 njhlf;fj;jpy; vOkiy vd;gtUf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. mNj epyk; guzp Cottage Resorts f;F khw;wg;gl;lJ. .,Nj Nghy; rpd;dg;gd; vd;gtuJ epy msT vz; 374/2 mNj epWtdj;Jf;F khw;wg;gl;lJ. ,t;thW kw;wtHfsJ epyq;fSk; mtHfsJ ,irT ,d;wp guzp epWtdj;Jf;F khw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ.  ,g;gb rl;lj;Jf;F Kuzhd epy khw;wq;fis nra;a kWj;j jhrpy;jhHfs; gzp khw;wk; nra;ag;glL mtHfsJ ,lj;Jf;F Kjy;tNuhL xj;Jg; Nghff; $batHfs; mkHj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf Jhj;Jf;Fb khtl;lj;ijr; NrHe;j  =itFz;lk; jhrpy;jhH jpahfuhrd; 11 ehs;fSf;F kl;Lk; nrd;idf;F tutiof;fg;gl;L epyk; khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. 

 

Kjy;tH fUzhepjp ,e;jr; rpf;fy; Fwpj;J Muha;e;J mwpf;if jUkhW xa;T ngw;w ePjpaurH xUtiu epakpj;Js;shH. mwpf;if nfhLf;f xU khj fhy nfL nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 

 

rpWjhT+H epyr; rpf;fiy Gjpa jkpofk; fl;rpj; jiytH kUj;JtH fpU\;zrhkpAk; ifapy;; vLj;J gwpNghd jypj; kf;fspd; epyj;ij kPl;nlLf;fg; Nghtjhf #Siuj;Js;shH.

 

Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjhtpd; gq;fsh> gQ;rkp epyj;jpy;jhd; tisf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lfs; tPrg;gLtijg; gad;gLj;jp murpaypy; nfhQ;rf; fhyk; fhzhky; NghapUe;j kUj;JtH fpU\;zrhkp ntspr;rj;Jf;F kPz;Lk; tu ,Jjhd; rhl;L vd;W rpWjhT+Uf;Fs; Eioe;Js;shH. 

 

fle;j A+uy 18 Mk; ehsd;W  rpWjht+Uf;F jPBnud mjpubahfr; nrd;w fpU\zrhkp me;j ,lj;ijg; ghHitapl;lhH.  n[ayypjhtpd; gq;fshitnahl;b ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; Eioe;j fpU\;zrhkp gq;fshit neUq;fpg; Ngha;g; ghHj;jhH.  $lNt nrd;w nra;jpahsHfSk; ,Jjhd; ey;y tha;g;G vd;W ,Jtiuapy; neUq;fKbahky; ,Ue;j rpWjht+H gq;fshit glk; gpbj;Jj; js;spdH. 

 

‘rrpfyh ngaiur; nrhy;ypj;jhd; vq;fs; epyq;fis Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;. me;j epyj;ijj; jpUk;gg; ngWk;tiu Xa khl;Nlhk;” vd mq;fpUe;jtHfs; Koff;fk; ,l;lhHfs;. ,ijf; Nfl;Ltpl;L ‘epyj;ij kPl;nlLg;gjpy; ehq;fs; cq;fSf;F cWJizahf ,Ug;Nghk; ePq;fs; cWjpahf ,Ug;gPHfsh?” vd;W Nfl;lhH fpU\;zrhkp. ‘capNu NghdhYk; ehq;fs; filrp tiuapy; NghuhLNthk;” vd;wJk; kUj;JtH fpU\;zrhkp nefpo;e;J NghdhH.   

 

mjpKftpdH “jpKfjhd; jypj; mikg;Gf;fis Jhz;b tpl;Lg; gpd;dhy; epd;W Ntbf;if ghHg;gjhff; Fw;wk; rhl;Lfpd;wdH. n[ayypjh jypj;JfSf;F vjpuhdtH vd;w gbkj;ij cUthf;fp tpiutpy; elf;f ,Uf;Fk;  cs;shl;rpj; NjHjypy; murpay; Mjhak; ngw Kaw;rpf;fpwhHfs;……. mjw;fhfj;jhd; fpU\;zrhkpiag; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;” vd;W NgRfpwhHfs;.

 

jypj; kf;fspd; Kf;fpa jiytHfspy; xUtuhd rpWj;ijfs; mikg;Gg; nghJr; nrayhsH njhy;. jpUkhtstd; rpWjhT+H nrd;W Fwpg;gpl;l jypj; kf;fisr; re;jpj;J NgrpAs;shH. mjd; gpd; mtH tpl;l mwpf;ifapy; jypj; kf;fspd; epyk; Mf;fpukpf;fg;gltpy;iy vd;Wk; me;j epyj;Jf;Fk; n[ayypjhTf;Fk; ve;jj; njhlHGk; ,y;iy vd;W njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

,e;jr; rpf;fiy itj;J n[ayypjhit murpay; gopthq;f jpKf muR Kaw;rpg;gjhfTk; jpUkhtstd; Fw;wr; rhl;bAs;shH.

mjpKf $l;lzpf; fl;rpfspy; xd;whd kjpfTk; ,e;jr; rpf;fy; njhlHghf fsk; ,wq;fpAs;sJ.

 

rpWjht+H epyk; njhlHghf n[ayypjhTf;F njhlHgpy;iy vd kjpKf nghJ nrayhsH itNfh $wpAs;shH. 

 

,JFwpj;J n[ah njhiyf;fhl;rpapy;  mtH mspj;j nrt;tpapy; rpWjht+upy; Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjh jq;Ftjw;F gad;gLj;Jfpd;w tPL jypj; kf;fSf;F 1967 Mk; Mz;L muR xJf;fpa epyq;fis Mf;fpukpj;Jf; fl;lg;gl;lJ vd;W KOf;f KOf;f ngha;ahd Kiwg;ghL vOg;gg;gl;L cs;sJ. ,e;jr; rpf;fy;   Fwpj;J cz;ik epiyia rpWjht+H kf;fsplk; Neupy; tprhupj;J mwpa kWkyHr;rp jpKf rhHgpy; Jizg; nrayhsH ky;iy rj;ah jiyikapy; xU FOtpdH  rpWjht+H nrd;wdH.

 

CH kf;fs; xl;L nkhj;jkhfr; nrhd;d nra;jpfspy; ,Ue;Jk;> jpul;lg;gl;l tUtha;j;Jiw Mtzq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk;> Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjh jq;Ftjw;Fg; gad;gLj;Jk; tPL> Rw;W milg;Gf;F cs;gl;l ,lKk;> jypj; kf;fSf;F xJf;fg;gl;l epyj;jpy; rpwpJ msTk; mikatpy;iy vd;gJ njupfpwJ.

 

,g;gb xJf;fg;gl;l ,lk; kiof;fhyj;jpy; nts;sk; epuk;Gfpw jho;thd gFjp vd;gjhYk; rhFgbf;F Vw;wjhf ,y;yhjjhYk; mjpfkhd tpiy kjpg;G ,y;yhj epiyapy; rpy Mz;Lfspy; ,e;j epyq;fis gpwUf;F tpw;W tpl;ldH.

 

gyUf;F epyk; if khwpa epiyapy; 2005 ,y; guzp  Cottage Resorts cupikahsHfs; tpiyf;F thq;fp cs;sdH.

 

Mdhy; ,y;yhj xd;iw ,Ug;gjhf fhl;lTk;> elf;fhj xd;iw ele;jjhfr; nrhy;yTk; jpl;lkpl;L> xU Nfhupf;ifia jur; nra;J caHePjPkd;w Kd;dhs; ePjpgjp tprhuiz Mizaj;ij Kjy;tH mtru mtrukhf rl;lkd;wj;jpy; mwptpj;Js;shH.

 

mz;zh mwpthyaKk;> Kunrhyp mYtyff; fl;llKk; jypj;fspd; epyq;fis Mf;fpukpj;Jj; jhd; fl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;L cs;sJ ,J njhlHghfTk; tprhuiz elj;j fUzhepjp Kd; tUthuh?” vd;whH itNfh.

 

itNfh xUtiug; Nghw;w epidj;jhy; msTfle;J Nghw;WthH. mt;thNw Jhw;w epidj;jhYk;  #lhd nrhw;fisj; NjHe;njLj;J fLikahfj; Jhw;WthH. ,J mtuJ ,ay;G.

 

nghlh rpiwapy; ,Ue;j NghJk; mjpy; ,Ue;J ntspte;j gpd;dUk; itNfh n[ayypjhit rupkhupahf mUr;rpj;jhH. #dpaf;fhup> CHg;gplhup> ghrp];l; vd;nwy;yhk; mUr;rid nra;jhH.

 

mjpKf NthL $l;lzp itj;j gpd;dH mNj n[ayypjhit Gul;rpj;jiytp> Nahd; xt; MHf;> [hd;rp ,uhzp vd;nwy;yhk; cr;rpNky; itj;Jg; Nghw;WfpwhH. NjHjypd; NghJ itNfh “Gul;rpj; jiytpapd; Ml;rp nghw;fhy Ml;rp” vd;W Gfo;khiy #l;bpa NghJ vy;NyhUk; tpag;ghy; thailj;Jg; NghdhHfs;.

 

jpKf rhHghf 18 Mz;L fhyk; Nky;rig cWg;gpduhf ,Ue;j itNfhtpw;F “mz;zh mwpthyaKk;> Kunrhyp mYtyff; fl;llKk; jypj;fspd; epyq;fis Mf;fpukpj;J jhd; fl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ” vd;w cz;ik ngha; vg;gbj; njupahky; NghdJ vd;gJ tpsq;ftpy;iy. NtW fl;rpf;fhud; Nfl;fyhk;. itNfh vg;gbf; Nfl;fyhk;?

 

rpWjhT+H gq;fshtpd; nrhe;jf;fhuH ahH? mjw;Fk; n[ayypjh – rrpfyh ,UtUf;Fk; vd;d njhlHg;G? vd;W KjytH fUzhepjp Nfl;lhH.  “rpWjhT+H gq;fsh vdf;Nfh rrpfyhTf;Nfh nrhe;jkpy;iy. mjpy; thliff;Fj;jhd; ,Uf;fpNwhk;” vd n[ayypjh gjpy; ,Wj;jhH.

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; rrpfyhtpd; neUq;fpa cwtpdHfs;jhd; gy Nfhb ngWkjpahd me;j epyj;Jf;Fk; gq;fshtpw;Fk; nrhe;jf;fhuHfs;.

 

n[ayypjh Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j NghJ rpWjhT+H gq;fsh ,Ue;j ,lk; te;jJk; NgUe;J elj;jpdH “mk;kh ,lk; te;jhr;r ,wq;Fq;Nfh” vd;W Fuy; nfhLg;ghuhk;. mg;gbf; Fuy; nfhLf;f kwe;j my;yJ kWj;j elj;JdHfs; gzp khw;wg;gl;lhHfs;!

 

n[ayypjh Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j NghJ nrd;id – khky;yGuk; neLQ;rhiy gy Nfhb nrytopj;J nrg;gdplg;gl;lJ. mjw;F ,e;jg; gq;fshjhd; fhuzpahFk;.

 

,g;NghJ Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjhTf;F NkYk; xU jiyapb te;Js;sJ.

 

gpwe;j ehis xl;b ,uz;L Nfhb &gha; msTf;F gupRfs; ngw;wjhf njhlug;gl;l tof;fpy; Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjh kPJ rp.gpma;. rpwg;G ePjpkd;wj;jpy;  Fw;wg;gj;jpupif jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;lJ.  cle;ijahf ,Ue;jjhf Kd;dhs; mikr;rHfs; nrq;Nfhl;ilad;> moF jpUehTf;fuR MfpNahH kPJk; Fw;wg;gj;jpupifia rp.gp.ma.; jhf;fy; nra;Js;sJ.

 

mjpKf nghJr; nrayH n[ayypjh fle;j 1990 – 96 Mk; Mz;Lfspy; Kjy;tuhf gjtp tFj;jhH. 1992 Mk; Mz;by; mtuJ gpwe;j ehisnahl;b Vuhskhd gupRg; nghUl;fs; mspf;fg;gl;ld. ntspehl;by; ,Ue;J 89 bbf;fs; te;jd. mtw;wpd; kjpg;G & 2 Nfhb 12 c&gh MFk;. ,e;j 89 b.b.>f;fSk; 57 ngaHfspy; mDg;gg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. ,it nrd;id fduh tq;fpapy; n[ayypjh ngaupy; tuT itf;fg;gl;lJ. mYty; uPjpahd guptHj;jid nra;Js;s egHfsplk; ,Ue;J ,e;j gupRj; njhifia Kjy;tH n[ayypjh ngw;wpUg;gjhy; Coy; jLg;Gr; rl;lg;gpupT 11 ,d; fPo; mtH Fw;wk; Gupe;Js;shH vd;W fUjg;gl;lJ.

 

jkpofj;jpy; 1996 Mk; Mz;L jpKf Ml;rpf;F te;jNghJ  Coy; jLg;Gr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; tof;F gjpT nra;ag;gl;lJ.  tUkhd tupj; Jiwapd; ,af;feH  (Gyd; tprhuiz) ngaupy; ,e;j tof;F gjpT nra;ag;gl;lJ gpd;dH khepy murpd; Ntz;LNfhspd;gb ,e;j tof;F tprhuiz rp.gp.ma;f;F khw;wg;gl;lJ.  nrd;idapy; cs;s rp.gp.ma;apd; Coy; jLg;G gpuptpd; rhHgpy; tof;F gjpT nra;ag;gl;lJ. n[ayypjh tptfhuj;jpy; Coy; jLg;G rl;lj;jpd; fPo; 13(1)(,) gpuptpd; fPo; jtWfs; ele;Js;sjh vd;gJ Fwpj;J rp.gp.ma;apdH tprhuiz elj;jpdH.  Fwpg;ghf ntspehl;by; ,Ue;J te;j %d;W yl;rk; lhyH Fwpj;J jPtpukhf tprhupf;fg;gl;lJ.  Coy; jLg;G rl;lg; gpupT 11 ,d; gb n[ayypjh Fw;wk; Gupe;jpUg;gjhf tprhuizapy; njupa te;jJ.  

 

ePz;l fhykhf fplg;gpy; Nghlg;gl;bUe;j ,e;j tof;fpy;> Fw;wg; gj;jpupf;if jhf;fy; nra;ayhk; vd nrd;id caHePjpkd;wk; rkPgj;jpy;jhd; rpgpma;f;F mDkjp mspj;jJ.

 

md;iwa fhyfl;lj;jpy; nrq;Nfhl;ilad;> moF jpUehTf;fuR MfpNahH mikr;rHfshf ,Ue;Js;sdH. ,tHfs; ,UtUk; bb.f;fs; vLf;f gzk; nfhLg;gjpy; gpd;dzpapy; ,Ue;Js;sdH vd;gJ tprhuizapy; njupa te;Js;sJ. bbf;fis n[ayypjh Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F ,tHfs; ,UtUk; Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[aypjh kPJ tof;Fj; njhlu jkpof rghehafupd; mDkjpia rp.gp.ma; Nfl;lJ. n[ayypjh jw;NghJ vk;vy.V thf ,Ug;gjhy; mtH kPJ rl;lg;g+Ht eltbf;if vLf;f mitj;jiytupd; mDkjp ntw Ntz;Lk;. n[ayypjh kPJ rl;lg;g+Ht eltbf;if vLf;f rghehafH MTilag;gd; mDkjp toq;fpAs;shH.

 

New;W rp.gp.ma;.  rpwg;G ePjpkd;wj;jpy; ePjpgjp kPdhl;rp Re;juj;jplk; n[ayypjh> nrq;Nfhl;ilad;> moF jpUehTf;fuR MfpNahH kPJ Fw;wg;gj;jpupif jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;lJ. Fw;wg;gj;jupupifapy; 149 rhl;rpfs; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sdH.  285 Mtzq;fSk; Fw;wg;gj;jpupifapy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.  nkhj;jk; 2>000 gf;fq;fs; mlq;fpajhf Fw;wg;gj;jpupif cs;sJ.  Fw;wg;gj;jpupifia rupghHj;J tpl;L tof;fpy; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;Ls;s n[ayypjh cl;gl %tUf;Fk; Miz mDg;gg;gl;L Fw;wg;gj;jpupifapd; gbfs; toq;fg;gLk;.

 

jpuhtplH ,af;fj;jpd; %yhjhuf; nfhs;iffSld; ve;jj; njhlHGk; ,y;yhj n[ayypjhit vz;gJfspy; murpaYf;Ff; nfhz;L te;jjd; %yk; kiwe;j vk;[pMH jpuhtpl ,af;fj;jpw;F kpfg; ngupa tuyhw;Wj; jtiwr; nra;jhH.

 

jpuhtplH ,af;fj;jpd; r%fePjp ,af;fj;JlNdh - my;yJ Rakupahij ,af;fj;JlNdh - my;yJ jkpo; ,af;fj;JlNdh - xl;Nlh cwNth ,y;yhj n[ayypjh - jpuhtplH ,af;fk; ve;j Nky; tUzj;jpd; Mjpf;fj;ij vjpHj;Jj; Jtf;fg;gl;lNjh> me;j tUzj;ijr; NrHe;j xU jpiug;gl  ebif  vk;.[p.MUld; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;l 'neUf;fj;ij” itj;Nj mjpKf tpd; nghJr; nrayhsuhfp  ,uz;L jlit Ml;rpAk; elj;jptpl;lhH!

 

ey;yfhykhf nrd;w NjHjypy; mjpKf Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. tp.Gypfspd; fLk; vjpHg;ghsuhd n[ayypjh jw;nrayhf ntd;W te;jpUe;jhy; jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;F mJ kpfg; ngupa gpd;dilthf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. (gugug;G - Mf];l; 04> 2006)

 

 


 

my;NgdpaHfsJ Rje;jpuk; js;spg; Nghfyhk; Mdhy; jLf;f KbahJ!  

ef;fPud;

nfhnrhNth my;Ngdpa khfhzj; jiytHfSf;Fk; NrHgpa ehl;Lj; jiytHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; nfhnrhNth khfhzj;jpd; jFepiy (status) gw;wp tpad;dhtpy; fle;j a+iy 23 Mk; ehs; Kjy; elj;jg; gl;l caHkl;lg; Ngr;RthHj;ij ve;j ,zf;fg;ghLk; fhzg;glhj epiyapy; xj;jp itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. NrHgpah rhHghf mjd; Ml;rpj;jiytH Boris Tadic> jiyik mikr;rH Vojislav Kostunica> ntspAwT mikr;rH Vuk Draskovic MfpNahUk; nfhnrhNth rhHghf mjd; Ml;rpj;jiytH  Fatmir Sejdiu, jiyik mikr;rH  Agim Ceku,  kw;Wk; vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytHfs; fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

,e;j NeUf;F Neuhd ,U jug;G caH kl;lr; re;jpg;G 7 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH ,lk; ngw;wJ. Nel;Nlh ehl;Lg; gilfs; NrHgpa gilfis nfhnrhNthtpy; ,Ue;J Juj;jptpl;l gpd;dH ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit nfhnrhNth khfhzj;ij 1999 Mk; Mz;by;  ,Ue;J jd; nghWg;gpy; itj;jpUf;fpwJ. nghWg;G ma;f;fpa ehLfs; ifapy; ,Ue;jhYk; mq;F Nel;Nlh gilapdNu (17>000) epWj;jg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

nfhnrhNt my;Ngdpa jiytHfs; jq;fSf;F KOikahd Rje;jpuk; Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;lNj Ngr;RthHj;ij Kwpe;jjw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;.  KOikahd Rje;jpuj;ij NrHgpah epuhfupj;J tpl;lJ.

NrHgpa jiyik mikr;rH Vojislav Kostunica's mtHfspd; mikr;R tpLj;j mwpf;ifapy; NrHgpahtpd; 15 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;gpy; xU jdp my;Ngdpa ehl;il cUthf;f NrHgpah rk;kjpf;fhJ vdTk; mNj Neuk; jdpehl;Lf;Fg; gjpy; nfhnrhNthf;F mjp cr;r jd;dhl;rp cupik toq;fj; jahuhf ,Ug;gjhfTk; $wg;gl;bUe;jJ.

nfhnrhNth epyg;gug;G NrHgpa ehl;L ehfupfj;jpd; njhl;by; vd;gJ NrHgpahtpd; thjkhFk;.
NrHgpaiug; nghWj;jstpy; nfhnrhNth mtHfsJ “n[&ryk;” MFk;! nfhnrhNth khfhzj;jpd; nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; (2>000>000) my;NgdpaHfs; 90 tpOf;fhl;bdH. vl;L tpOf;fhl;bdH (80>000) NrgpaH. mjd; gug;gsT 10>877 rJu fpkP MFk;.

mnkupf;fh nfhnrhNthtpd; jFepiy gw;wpa xU jPHT ,e;j Mz;L KbAKd;dH vLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd tpUk;GfpwJ. mg;gb xU jPHT vl;lg;glhtpl;lhy; kPz;Lk; td;Kiw ntbf;fyhk; vd mnkupf;fh mQ;RfpwJ.

ve;jj; jPHTk; xU Kw;Nghf;fhd kf;fshl;rp nfhnrhNth murpy;  thOk; rpWghd;ikauhd NrHgpaHfs; kw;Wk; rpWghd;ikapduJ ghJfhg;ig cWjpg;gLj;jf; $bajhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vdTk; mnkupf;fh tw;GWj;jp tUfpwJ. 

,uhrje;jpupfs; nfhnrhNthf;F KOr; Rje;jpuj;ij toq;Ftij tpl NtW top ,Ug;gjhf ek;gtpy;iy. Rje;jpu nfhnrhNthit rpy Mz;LfSf;F ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; fz;fhzpg;gpy; tplyhk; vd mtHfs; epidf;fpwhHfs;.

,Nj rkak; nfhnrhNthtpy; thOk; my;NgdpaHfs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhd Nghuhl;lj;jpy; epr;rak; nty;thHfs; vd Nghy;fd; (ehLfsJ) cWjpg;ghl;L cld;ghl;bd; rpwg;G ,izg;ghsH Erhard Busek njuptpj;jhH. “,J xU ePz;l fhyj; jpl;lk;. mjpy; ma;ak; ,y;iy.  Mdhy; <w;wpy; mJ Rje;jpuj;jpy; KbAk;” vdj; njuptpj;jhH. n[Hkd; thndhypf;F mtH mspj;j nrt;tpapy; NrHgpaHfsJ epiyg;ghL “ ,d;iwa fs epiyiag; gpujpgypf;ftpy;iy” vdf; $wpdhH.

NkYk; mtH fUj;Jj; njuptpf;ifapy;  “nfhnrhNth my;NgdpaHfs; Rje;jpuk; cWjpahftpl;ljhf epidf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; NrHgpaHfs; ,g;NghJ ,Ug;gJ NghyNt epiyik vg;NghJk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;w eilKiwr; rhj;jpakw;w fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; tho;fpwhHfs;” vd;whH.

1990 fspy; ,lk;ngw;w Nkhjy;fis mLj;J Nghy;fd; cWjpg;ghL cld;ghL ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpdhy; 1999 ,y; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ.

,e;j Mz;L ngg;utup jpq;fspy; nfhnrhNthtpd; vjpHfhy murpay; kw;Wk; mjd; rl;lj; jFepiy (legal status) gw;wp NrHgpaH kw;Wk; my;NgdpaH Mfpa  ,U jug;gpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; Ngr;R thHj;ij tpadhtpy;  eilngw;WJ. nfhnrhNth xU KO mstpyhd Rje;jpu ehlhf khw;wk; ngw Ntz;Lkh my;yJ NrHgpah - nkhd;nuePf;Nwh (Serbia -Montenegro) Fbaurpd; xU gFjpahfr; NrHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lkh vd;gij ,e;jg; Ngr;R thHj;ij KbT nra;a ,Ue;jJ. Ngr;R thHj;ij elj;Jk; ,U jug;gpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy;  ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit ,ilaPl;lshuhf (Mediator) ,Ue;jJ.   

ngg;utup jpq;fspy; ele;j Ngr;RthHj;ijapd; NghJ ,Ujug;gpdUk; jj;jk; gf;f epiyg;ghl;il kzpj;jpahyf; fzf;fpy; vLj;Jg; NgrpdhHfs;. Fwpg;ghf nfhnrhNth tho;  NrHgpaH kw;Wk; rpWghd;ik kf;fSf;F cs;Suhl;rp kd;wq;fspy;  fy;tp> ey;tho;T (Health) kw;Wk; gz;ghL Nghd;w Jiwfspy; ve;jsT mjpfhuk; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ tpthjpf;fg;gl;lJ.  

ma;f;fpa mnkupf;fh>  gpupj;jhdpah> n[Hkdp> gpuhd;];> ,j;jhyp kw;Wk; cUrpa ehLfisr; NrHe;j ,uhrje;jpupfSk; ,e;jg; Ngr;R thHj;ijfspy; fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;.  ,e;j ehLfs; nfhnrhNthtpd; vjpHfhyk; gw;wpj; jkf;Fs; fye;J Ngrp xUKfg;gl;l Kbit vl;bapUe;jd.

mjd;gb nfhnrhNth kWgbAk; NrHgpahNthL ,izf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. mNj rkak; nfhnrhNth NtW ve;j ehl;LlNdh> vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf my;NgdpahNthL> NruTk; mDkjpf;fg; glkhl;lhJ. ve;j cld;ghL fz;lhYk; mJ nfhnrhNth kf;fsJ xg;Gjiyg; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd epge;jidfs; tpjpf;fg;gl;ld.   

NrHgpahitg; nghWj;jstpy; xU Rje;jpu nfhnrhNth gw;wpg; gs;spf;$lq;fSk; Njthyaq;fSk; NgRtjpy;iy. NrHgpa ehl;L Clfq;fSk; mJgw;wp tpthjpg;gjpy;iy.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;ijr; NrHe;j mjpfhupfs; nfhnrhNthit NrHgpah kPz;Lk; Ms epidg;gij kwe;J tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhHfs;. mNj Neuk; ngUk;ghd;ik nfhnrhNth my;NgdpaHfs; rpWghd;ik nfhNrhNth NrHgpaHfNshL Ngrp xU ,zf;fg;ghl;Lf;F tUkhWk; tw;GWj;jp tUfpwhHfs;. mg;gbr; nra;jhy; kl;LNk xU cWjpahd> kf;fshl;rpia kjpf;Fk; gy;ypd nfhnrhNthit cUthf;f KbAk; vd ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; MizahsH Olli Regn mwpTiu toq;fpAs;shH. NrHgpah nfhnrhNthit kPz;Lk; Ms Ntz;Lk; vd;w epidg;igf; iftpl;L tpl Ntz:;Lk; vd;Wk; mtH tw;GWj;jpapUf;fpwhH.

nfhnrhNth my;NgdpaH jdpehL Nfl;Lg; Nghuhba NghJ mtHfsJ Nghuhl;lj;ij Kwpabf;f md;iwa NrHgpa ehl;L Ml;rpj; jiytuhf ,Ue;J ];Nyhgld; kpNyhnrtpf; (Slobodan Milosevic) ,uhZtj;ijf; nfhz;L mlf;f Kw;gl;lhH. mjid epWj;j Nel;Nlh ehLfs; NrHgpah kPJ Fz;L tPrpj; jhf;Fjy; elj;jpaJ.

me;jr; rz;ilapy; Mapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fs; ,we;J gl;lhHfs;. ,yf;ff;fzf;fhd kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;jhHfs;. rz;il Kbe;j NghJk; NrHgpaHfSk; my;NgdpaHfSk; xw;Wikahf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. gif czHNthL gpupe;Nj tho;e;jhHfs;. 

Nel;Nlh ehLfs; NrHgpah kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jpa NghJ md;iwa A+Nfh];ythf;fpa ehl;bd; Ml;rpj; jiytH ];Nyhnghld; kpNyhnrhtpf; rz;ilia epWj;Jtjw;F mtkhdkhd epge;jidfis Vw;f Ntz;b ,Ue;jJ. mNj rkak; nfhnrhNth tpLjiy ,uhZtk; Rje;jpu nfhnrhNth gw;wpa jPHkhdk; js;spg;gl;Lg; Nghdjpdhy; ftiy mile;jJ. mjw;F Nkyhf nfhnrhNth tpLjiy ,uhZtk; MAjq;fisf; fPno itf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epge;jidiaAk; mJ tpUk;gtpy;iy. 

 

nfhnrhNth  ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapd; fz;fhzpg;Gf;Fs; nfhz;L tug;gl;lhYk; Nel;Nlh ehLfsJ gilfNs mq;F epiynfhz;L ,Ue;jJ. nfhnrhNth ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapd; fz;fhzpg;Gf;Fs; nfhz;L tug;gl;ljd; Nehf;fk; mq;Nf fhyg; Nghf;fpy; kf;fshl;rpf;F Ntz;ba epiyahd mikg;Gf;fisf; (institutions)  fl;b vOg;GtNj MFk;.

1914 A+d; 14 ,y; mT];jpupa kd;dH Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand ngh];dpa NrHgpaH xUtuhy; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. me;jf; nfhiy KjyhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jj;jpw;fhd nfhbNaw;wk; Mf mike;jJ.

Aj;j Kbtpy; ntw;wp ngw;w el;G ehLfs; Nghy;f;fd; gpuNjrj;ij $WNghl Kide;jd. mjw;fhf mT];Nwh - `q;Nfup NguuR (Austro-Hungarian empire) Jz;lhlg;gl;lJ. 1918 ,y; NrHgpaH> FNuhrpaH> gy;N;fupaH>  my;NgdpaH> krpNlhdpaH  xd;whf ,ize;J NrHgpaHfspd; ,uhr;rpak; (Kingdom of Serbs ) xd;iw cUthf;fpdhHfs;. gpd;dH 1929 Mk; Mz;L mJ A+Nfhrpyhtpah vd;W ngaH khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. A+Nfhrpyhtpah vd;why; njd; ];yht; muR (South Slav state) vd;W nghUs;gLk;.

1934 Mk; Mz;L A+Nfhrpyhtpah kd;dH mnyf;rhe;jH krpNlhdpah Gul;rpthjpfshy; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhH. ,ijj; njhlHe;J Nghy;f;fd; ehLfspy; Gul;rp ,af;fq;fs;> Njrpa ,af;fq;fs; jiyJhf;fpd.

,uz;lhtJ cyf Aj;jj;jpd;NghJ ehrp n[Hkdp ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfs; kPJ gilnaLj;J mtw;iw Mf;fpukpj;jNghJ A+Nfhrpyhtpah ,df; FOf;fsplk; gpsT Vw;gl;lJ. ghjpg; NgH n[Hkdpaiu “tpLtpg;ghsH” (Liberators) vdf; $wp tho;j;jp tuNtw;wdH. kPjpg; NgH ehrp n[Hkdpia vjpHj;jdH.

n[Hkdpapd; Mf;fpukpg;ig vjpHj;J ,uz;L nfupy;yh ,af;fq;fs; Nghupl;ld. mjpy; xd;W khH\y; Nahrpg; Gw]; upl;Nuh (Josip Broz Tito) jiyikapy; Nrhtpaj; ehl;bd; MjuNthL Nghupl;lJ.

1943 Mk; Mz;L kd;duhl;rp xopf;fg;gl;L upl;Nuh jiyikapy; NrHgpah> FNuhrpah> ];Nyhtpdh> ngh];dpah – n`H];nfhtpdh> krpNlhdpah> nkhd;nuePf;Nwh FbauRfs; mlq;fpa rkTlik A+Nfhrpyhtpa ,izg;Gf; FbauR (Yugolovia Federal Socialist Republic ) gpufldg; gLj;jg;gl;lJ. Ml;rpj;jitH upl;Nuh fyg;G ,dj;jtH. ,e;jf; Fbaurpy; NrHgpaHfNs ngUk;ghd;ik ,dj;jtuhf tpsq;fpdhHfs;.

1974 Mk; Mz;by; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l Gjpa murpay; ahg;G FNuhrpaH> ];NyhtpdpaH> K];ypk;fs; kw;Wk; my;NgdpaHfsJ Njrpa czHitAk; gpuptpid czHitAk; mjpfupf;f topNfhypaJ. 

1980 ,y; mjpgH upl;Nuh fhykhdhH. mtuJ kiwNthL ,Uk;Gg; gpbf;Fs; mtH itj;jpUe;j A+Nfhrpyhtpah FbauR rpjw Muk;gpj;jJ.

NrHgpahtpy; tho;e;j my;Ngdpa rpWghd;ikapdH jq;fSf;F A+Nfhrpyhtpa Fbaurpd; fPo; jd;dhl;rp Ntz;Lk; vd;W typAWj;jpg; NghuhbdhHfs;.

,tw;why; A+Nfhrpyhtpahtpd; murpay; xUikg;ghL <lhbg; NghdJ. A+Nfhrpyhtpah Fbaurpy; cWg;Gupik tfpj;j FNuhrpahTk; ];NyhNtdpahTk; A+d; 25> 1991 ,y; Rje;jpug; gpufldk; nra;Jtpl;Lj; jdp ehLfshfg; gpupe;jd. ,e;j ,uz;L ehLfisAk; ma;f;fpa .ehLfs; mit 1992 rdtupapy; Gjpa ehLfshf mq;fPfupj;jJ.

1991 Mk; Mz;L nehntk;gH khjk; krpNlhdpah Rje;jpug; gpufldk; nra;jJ. rz;il ,y;yhky; mikjp top A+Nfhrpyhtpahtpy; ,Ue;J gpupe;j xNu ehL krpNlhdpahjhd;.

,jidj; njhlHe;J ngh];dpah 1992 ngg;utup khjj;jpy; jd;idr; Rje;jpuehlhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jpaJ. mNj Mz;L Vg;upy; khjj;jpy; mjw;F ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapd; mq;fPfuhuk; fpilj;jJ. mNj rkak; A+Nfhrpyhtpah (vQ;rpa) ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;lJ.

,d;W  NrHgpah - nkhd;nuePf;Nwh ,uz;Lk; kl;LNk gioa A+Nfhrpyhtpah Fbaurpy; vQ;rp ,Uf;Fk; ehLfs; MFk;. mz;;ikapy; nkhd;nuePf;Nwh jdpehlhfg; gpupe;J Nghf KbT nra;Js;sJ.

nfhnrhNth gw;wpa NrHgpaupd; ‘jtdk;’ vt;thW ,Ug;gpDk; epiyik eilKiw cyfpy; Kw;whf khwptpl;lJ. nfhnrhNth NrHgpahtpd; xU gFjpahf ,d;W ,y;iy. NrHgpa gil 1999 Mk; Mz;Nl tYf;fl;lhakhf Nel;Nlh gilahy; ntspNaw;wg;gl;L tpl;lJ. mg;NghJ ele;j rz;ilapy; 10>000 my;NgdpaHfs; ,we;jhHfs;. vl;L ,yf;fk; kf;fs; jq;fs; tPL thry;fis iftpl;L XbdhHfs;. nfhnrhNthtpy; thOk; my;NgdpaHfs; kPz;Lk; NrHgpahtpd; nfhLq;Nfhy; Ml;rpapd; fPo; thoKbahJ vd;w Kbtpy; xUkdj;juhf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. xU jhuhs jd;dhl;rp murpay; mikg;gpd; fPOk; NrHgpaupd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; nfhnrhNth kf;fs; thor; rk;kjpg;ghHfsh vd;gij  fw;gidapy; $l  epidj;Jg; ghHf;f KbahJ ,Uf;fpwJ. (It is impossible to imagine them accepting a return to Serbian control even under the most generous form of autonomy)

NrHgpa ehl;L Ml;rpj; jiytHfs; nfhnrhNthit kPz;Lk; ifg;gw;w epidj;jhy; NrHgpa ehL ma;Nuhg;ghtpy; jdpikg;gLj;jg;gLk;. khwhf nfhnrhNth Rje;jpuj;ij NrHgpah Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpa ehLfspy; xU cWg;gpduhfr; NrUk; tha;g;G jhdhfNt tUk;. nrhnrhNth ehl;Lf;Fk; me;j tha;g;G tUk;.

nfhnrhNth Rje;jpuj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;Stjw;F <lhf mq;F thOk; NrHgpa rpWghd;ik kf;fSf;Fk; NrHgpa gz;ghl;L ikaq;fSf;Fk; mjp cr;r ghJfhg;ig NrHgpah Nfl;Lg; ngWk; cupik fpilf;Fk;. ,tw;iwtpl NrHgpa ehl;L Ml;rpj; jiytHfSf;F khw;W top VJk; ,Ug;jhfj; njupatpy;iy.

nfhnrhNthtpy; thOk; my;NgdpaHfsJ Rje;jpuk; js;spg; Nghfyhk; Mdhy; vtuhYk; jLf;f KbahJ. 

(cyfj;jkpoH - A+iy 27> 2006)  

 


 

,d;iwa cyf xOq;fpy; ty;yhd; tFj;jNj rl;lk;!

ef;fPud;

,ij vOJk; NghJ (QhapW ,uT) ,];Nuy; Nkw;nfhz;l njhlHr;rpahd (12 ehs;fs;) Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjypdhy; nygdd; jPg;gw;wp vupfpwJ. vupfpw jPia mizg;gjw;F jz;zPH ,y;yhJ nygdd; jPaizf;Fk; gil jpzWfpwJ!

Fz;L Nghl;Lj; jfHj;j fl;blq;fs; kPJ kwgbAk; kWgbAk; ,];Nuy; thd; gil Fz;L Nghl;Lj; jhf;fp tUfpwJ.

,];Nuypd; fz;%bj;jdkhd thd;> jiu> fly; jhf;Fjypy; rhiyfs;> fl;blq;fs;> njhiyf;fhl;rpf; NfhGuq;fs;> njhiyNgrpf; NfhGuq;fs;> tPLfs;> k#jpfs;> gs;spf;$lq;fs;> njhopw;rhiyfs;>  thndhyp epiyaq;fs;> Mfpad Fz;L Nghl;Lj; jfHf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

Fz;Lfs; thdj;jpy; ,Ue;J kioNghyf; nfhl;baJ vd nygdpdpy; ,Ue;J capHjg;gpa jkpo;ehl;Lj; jkpoHfs; jq;fs; gl;lwpit gpgprp jkpNohirf;F toq;fpa nrt;tpapd; NghJ  tUzpj;Js;shHfs;.

nygddpy; ,Jtiu 271 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. 771 NgH fhag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfspy; 7 fdbaHfSk; 8 gpupj;jhdpaUk; mlq;FtH. gj;J ,yf;fk; kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;Js;shHfs;. ,];Nuypa jug;gpy; 18 gilapdH cl;gl 35 NgH ,we;Js;shHfs;.

`p];Gy;yh jPtputhjpfs; ,Jtiu 1>100 VTfizfis ,];Nuypd; tlf;Fg; gFjpia Nehf;fp VtpAs;shHfs;. ,e;jg; gFjpapy; 10 ,yf;fk; kf;fs; tho;e;J tUfpd;wdH. VTfizj; jhf;Fjiy mLj;J fpupahl;> \Nkhdh> rhrupah Mfpa efuq;fspy; thOk; kf;fs; $l;lk; $l;lkhf ntspNawp tUfpd;wdH. New;W `p];Gy;yh Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjypy; 2 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

Nghupd; NghJ nghJkf;fs; kw;Wk; nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fs; kPJ Fz;Lfs; tPrpj; jfHg;gij NghH gw;wpa n[dpth kuGfs; jilnra;Js;sd. Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw nghJkf;fs; kPJk; nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fs; kPJk; ,yf;F itj;Jj; jhf;fpdhy; mJ NghHf; Fw;wk; ,ioj;jjhff; nfhs;sg;gLk;.

,];Nuy;> kf;fs; FbapUg;Gf;fis ,yf;F itj;Jj; jhf;FtJ NghHf; Fw;wkhFk;. FbapUg;Gf;fs; NghH Kfhk;fspd; gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;jhYk; mit jhf;fg;glf; $lhJ vd;gNj rl;lkhFk;.

Mdhy; ,];Nuy; ,tw;iw vy;yhk; rl;il nra;ahky; jdJ nfhiy ntwpj; jhf;Fjy;fis njhlHe;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwJ.  ,];Nuy; vijr; nra;jhYk; mjd; QhdFUthd (Godfather) mnkupf;fhtpd; MjuT jdf;F ,Uf;fpwjhf me;j ehL ek;GfpwJ. ,];Nuypd; Jzpr;rYf;F ,JNt mbg;gil fhuzpahFk;.

nygdd; gpukH NghH epWj;jj;Jf;F tpLj;j Ntz;LNfhis ,];Nuy; Gwe;js;sptpl;lJ. ,];Nuy; jdJ jhf;Fjy;fs; jw;ghJfhg;G epkpj;jk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jhf;Fjy;fs; vd tpsf;fk; nfhLf;fpwJ. “Mkhk;> ,];Nuypd; jhf;Fjy;fs; mjd; jw;ghJfhg;Gf;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jhf;Fjy;fsjhd;;” vd mnkupf;f Vw;fdNt rhd;wpjo; toq;fp tpl;lJ.

,];Nuy; CHr; rz;bad; Nghy; vy;yh ehLfspd; fz;fspYk; tpuiy itj;J Ml;Lk; NghJ me;j ehLfs; thiyr; RUl;b itj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

=yq;fh> gq;fhsNjrk; Nghd;w rpwpa ehLfis tpl;LtpLNthk;. ,e;jpah> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfNs ,];Nuiyf; fz;bf; Kd;tuhJ gpd;thq;fp tpl;ld. mnkupf;fhtpd; rl;ilapy; njhq;Fk; fdba gpujkH ];uPgd; fhHg;gH  ,];Nuypd; jhf;Fjy;fs; “msNthL” (measured) Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wd vd xg;Gjy; thf;F%yk;  mspj;Js;shH. VO fdba Fbkf;fs; ,];Nuypd; Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjypy; nfhy;yg;gl;lijg;gw;wp mtH fpQ;rpj;Jk; ftiyg; gl;ljhfj; njupatpy;iy.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; eP nygdid mbj;J nehUf;F ehd; mOfpw khjpup mOfpNwd; vd;w ghq;fpy; ele;J nfhz;Ls;sJ.

,];Nuypd; Fz;L tPr;rhy; Vw;gl;l mopTfs; “gaq;fuk;” vd tUzp;j;j ma;f;fpa ehLfspd; mtrufhy cjtp epWtdj;jpy; jiytH Jan Egeland ,J kdpjhgpkhd rl;lj;ij kPWtjhfr; (Violation of Humanitarian Law) rhbAs;shH. 

,];NuYk; mnkupf;fhTk; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaKk; `hkh]; kw;Wk; `p];Gy;yh mikg;Gf;fis “gaq;futhj mikg;Gf;fs;” vd mUr;rpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ ,];Nuypd; tyJrhup Nghf;Fila ,];NuypaHfs; gpupj;jhdpahtpw;F vjpuhd gLNkhrkhd gaq;futhjj; jhf;Fjypd; 60 Mk; Mz;L epidT tpohit ntF tpkupirahff; nfhz;lhbdhHfs;. ,jpy; ,];Nuypa Kd;dhs; gpujkH gpd;akpd; nej;jd;ahFTk; (Binyamin Netanyahu) mlq;FthH.

1946 Mk; Mz;L A+iy 22 ,y; King David Hotel kPJ A+j nfupyhf;fs; Nkw;nfhz;l ntbFz;Lj; jhf;Fjypy; 28 gpupj;jhdpaH cl;gl 90 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. gpupj;jhdpa murpd; vjpHg;igAk; kPwp ,e;jf; nfhz;lhl;lk; ,];Nuypy; eilngw;wJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;.

,uz;L ehs; ele;j ,e;jf; nfhz;lhl;lj;jpd; NghJ fpq; Nltpl; N`hl;liyf; Fz;L itj;Jj; jhf;fpajd; epidthf epidTf; fy; jpiuePf;fk; nra;J itf;fg;gl;lJ. mjpy; me;j jhf;Fjiy Nkw;nfhz;l “Irqun fighters” Rje;jpu tPuHfs; (freedom fighters) vd tUzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ! ,HFd; tPuHfspy; ,d;Wk; capNuhL vQ;rp ,Ug;gtHfspy; mfit 80 epiwe;j rhwh mfh];rp (Sarah Agassi)  “kPz;L;k; mg;gbahd jhf;Fjiy Nkw;nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;why; ehd; mjw;Fj; jahH” vd;W #Siuj;jhH!

,d;iwa ,];Nuypd; ntspAwT mikr;rH (Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni) mtHfspd; je;ijahH fpq; Nltpl; N`hl;ly; jhf;Fjypy; <Lgl;ltHfspy; xUtuhtH!

,];Nuypa muR epidj;jpUe;jhy; ,e;jf; nfhz;lhl;lj;ij jil nra;jpUf;f KbAk;. Mdhy; nra;atpy;iy.

md;iwa A+j gaq;futhjpfs; ,d;W `hkh]; kw;Wk; `p];Gy;yh mikg;Gf;fis gaq;futhjpfs; vd;Wk; jq;fis Rje;jpu tPuHfs; vd;Wk; miog;gJjhd; ,jpy; cs;s NrhfkhFk;.

nygdd; kPJ ,];Nuy; njhLj;j jhf;Fjy; fhuzkhf ma;ad;dh mikg;G %f;Fil gl;Lg;Ngha; gupjhgfukhff; fhl;rp mspf;fpwJ. ma;ad;dhtpd; nrayhsH Nfhgp md;dhd;; NghH epWj;j Ntz;LNfhis tpLf;f 9 ehs;fs; vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. ,J ma;ad;dhtpd; kdpjhgpkhd gbkj;Jf;F ngupa rhl;il mbahf mike;Jtpl;lJ. mJ kl;Lky;y ,];Nuy; msTf;fjpfkhd gyj;ij (excessive use of force) gad;gLj;Jtjhff; Fw;wk; rhl;ba Nfhgp md;dhd; `p];Gy;yhitAk; fz;bj;jhH. ,J mtUf;F mnkupf;fh kPJ ,Uf;Fk; gaj;ijf; ntspf;fhl;btpl;lJ. 

gpupj;jhdpah> [p8> ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak;> ma;ad;dh ghJfhg;G mit vy;yhk; mnkupf;fhtpd; rl;ilg; igf;Fs; ,Ug;gjhy; ,e;j ehLfspy; xd;NwDk; NghH epWj;jj;jpw;F Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;ftpy;iy. ma;ad;dh ghJfhg;G mitapd; epue;ju cWg;gpdHfshf cUrpah kw;Wk; rPdhtpd; fijAk; gupjhge;jhd;!

Nuhdp gpNsaUk; md;dhDk; njd; nygddpy; xU gd;dhl;Lg; gilia epWj;jp itf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W Kd;nkhope;j Nahrid ahiuAk; Nga;f;fhl;l tpy;iy. xU gd;dhl;L gilia epWj;jp itf;f gy fpoikfs; nry;Yk;. mjw;fpilapy; nygdid ,];Nuy; Kw;whfj; jfHj;JtpLk;!

ehd; Kd;dH Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy; mLj;J rpupah ,uhd; ,uz;ilAk; jdpahfNth ,];NuYld; NrHe;J jhf;fp me;j ehLfspy; Ml;rp khw;wj;ijf; nfhz;L tUtNj (regime change) mnkupf;fhtpd; kiwKf Nehf;fkhFk;.

Mdhy; ,uhf;fpy; rjhk; FNrid gjtpapy; ,Ue;J Juj;jp tpl;ljhy; ,uhdpd; ifjhd; kj;jpa fpof;fpy; Xq;fpAs;sJ. ,d;Dk; Fwpg;ghfr; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; ,uhf;fpy; \pah kjg;gpuptpdupd; ifAk; nygddpy; \pah `p];Gy;yhtpd; ifAk; Xq;fp ,Ug;gJjhd; ,uhdpd; if Xq;Ftjw;F fhuzpahFk;.

,uhf; kPJ jhf;Fjy; njhLj;J rjhk; FNrd; Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;j;jJ Nghy ,uhd; kPJ jhf;Fjy; njhLj;J mNahj;jy;yh Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;g;gJ mt;tsT ,yFthf ,Uf;fhJ. ,uhdpd; gil gyk; ,uhf;if tpl gy klq;F mjpfkhdJ. 

nygdd; kPJ ,];Nuy; Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjy; cyfshtpa K];ypk; kf;fsJ Nfhgj;ij ,];Nuy; kPJk; mnkupf;fh kPJk; jpUg;gpAs;sJ. ghfp];jhd;> gq;fshNj\;> =yq;fh Nghd;w ehLfspy; ,e;j ,uz;L ehLfSf;Fk; vjpuhd MHg;ghl;l CHtyq;fs; ele;Js;sd. mtw;wpd; Njrpaf; nfhbfs; vupf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. K];ypk; my;yhj njd; nfhupahtpYk; vjpHg;G MHg;ghl;lq;fs; khztHfshy; elj;jg;gl;Ls;sd.

,g;NghJ vy;iyg;Gw  CHfisf; ifg;gw;Wtjpy; ,];Nuypa gilfs; ,wq;fpAs;sd. mq;fpUe;Jjhd; `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; vwpfizfs; %yk; 40 fpkP mg;ghYs;s ,];Nuypa efuhd `a;th (Haifa) kPJ VTfizfis Vtp tUfpwhHfs;.  

,];Nuypa ghJfhg;Gg; gil njd; nygdpd; vy;iyNahu 13 CHfspy; thOk; kf;fisj; jq;fs; tjpg;gplq;fis tpl;L mfYkhW vr;rupj;Js;sJ.  ,jdhy; RkhH 42>000 nghJkf;fs; Vjpypfshf;fg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,tHfs; rpNlhd; efupy; $bAs;shHfs;. 

,d;iwa cyf xOq;fpy; ty;yhd; tFj;jNj rl;lk; vd;w GJnkhop nka;g;gpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.  (gugug;G - A+iy 28> 2006) 

 


 

,d;Wk; fUg;G A+iy ,dg; gLnfhiyfs; njhlHfpwJ!

,J 23 MtJ fUg;G A+iy epidT Mz;lhFk;.

jhHrp tpj;jhr;rp (Tarzie Vittachi) vd;w rpq;fs vOj;jhH mtrufhyk; 58 (“Emergency 58” The Story of the Ceylon Riots) vd;w Ehy; xd;iw vOjpapUf;fpwhH. mjpy;  “rpq;fstUk; jkpoUk; ghij gpupfpw ,lj;ij mile;Jtpl;lhHfsh?” ("Have the Sinhalese and Tamils reached the parting of the ways?" ) vd;w Nfs;tpia vOg;gpapUe;jhH.

1958 ,y; njhlq;fpa ,dNkhjy; 1983 Mk; Mz;L ,dg; gLnfhiyahf tsHr;rp ngw;wJ. 1983 A+iy khjk;  ehL KOJk; rpq;fs murpay;thjpfshYk; ,dthjpfshYk; fr;rpjkhf muq;Nfw;wg;gl;l ,dg; gLnfhiy (genocide) rpq;fs ,dj;ijAk; jkpo; ,dj;ijAk; kdk>; thf;F> fhak; %d;wpdhYk; xd;W Nruhjgb gpupj;J itj;J tpl;lJ.

fUg;G A+iyia ,df; fytuk; vd;W miog;gtHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,J jtwhd nrhy;yhl;rp MFk;.  fytuk; vd;why; rpq;fstUk; jkpoUk; Nkhjpf; nfhz;lhHfs; vdg; nghUs;gLk;. Mdhy; fUg;G A+iy MAjk; ifapy; ,y;yhj jkpoHfis MAjghzpfshd rpq;fstHfs; jhf;fp ,dg; gLnfhiy nra;j khjkhFk;.  

A+iy 23 ,uT 11.30 kzpf;Fj; jpUney;Ntypapy;  Rw;Wf;fhty; te;j rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpdH kPJ tp.Gypfs; fz;zpntbj; jhf;Fjy; xd;iw Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;. mjpy;  13 gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mjid mLj;J kWehs; rpq;fsg; gilapdH Nkw;nfhz;l ntwpahl;lj;jpy; 51 nghJkf;fs; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mjpy; xU kpdpthdpy; nrd;w 7 NgUk; mlq;FtH.

13 gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;l nra;jpia rpq;fs mur thndhyp> njhiyf;fhl;rp ,uz;Lk; mbf;fb xyp xspgug;gpaJ. nra;jpj;jhs;fSk; mjidg; ngupJ gLj;jpg; gpuRuk; nra;jd. mNj Neuk; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; 51 nghJkf;fs; gopFg; gop nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lij rpq;fs muR ,Ul;lbg;Gr; nra;J tpl;lJ.

,we;j 13 gilapdupd; cly;fis mtutH CHfSf;F vLj;Jr;  nrd;W mlf;fk; nra;tjw;Fg; gjpy; me;j cly;fisf; nfhOk;Gf;Ff; nfhz;L te;J (A+iy 24 Qhapw;Wf; fpoik) fdj;ij kahdj;jpy; ,uhZt kupahijNahL rpq;fs muR   vupj;jJ. ,J rpq;fstHfis jkpoHfs; kPJ Vtr; rpq;fs muR  jpl;lkpl;Lr; nra;j rjpahFk;. ,jidj; njhlHe;J nghwiyg; gFjpapy; rpq;fsf; fhilapduhy; jkpoHfs; jhf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. jkpoHfsJ mq;fhbfs; mbj;J nehUf;fg;gl;L #iwahlg;gl;ld.

tz;bfspy; gazk; nra;j jkpoHfs; topkwpf;fg;gl;L capNuhL nfhSj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. ghijNahuk; ele;J nrd;w jkpoHfs; jhf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. njhopw;rhiyfs;> filfz;zpfs;> tPLfs; nfhSj;jp mopf;fg;gl;ld. nfhOk;G xU Aj;j fsk; Nghy; fhl;rp mspj;jJ. thdk; Gifkz;lyj;jhy; kiwf;fg;gl;lJ.  td;Kiw Vida efuq;fSf;Fk; tpiuthfg; gutpaJ.

fUg;G A+iy ,dg;gLnfhiy A+iy 24 ,y; njhlq;fp Mf];l; 3 tiu ePbj;jJ. A+iy 29 (Gjd;fpoik) Gypfs; nfhOk;G efUf;Fs; CLUtp tpl;lhHfs; vd;w tje;jp gutpaJ. mjid mLj;J jkpoHfis fz;l ,lq;fpspYk; rpq;fsf; fhilaH jhf;fpdhHfs;. jkpoHfsJ mq;fhbfs;> njhopw;rhiyfs;> epWtdq;fs; jPpapl;Lf; nfhSj;jg;gl;ld.

fUg;G A+iy ,dg;gLnfhiy vd;gJ aho;g;ghzj;jpy; 13 gilapdH tp.Gypfshy; nfhy;yg;gl;ljw;F vjpuhf rpq;fstHfs; jhkhfNt tPjpapy; ,wq;fp jkpoHfisj; jhf;fp mtHfsJ nrhj;Jf;fis mopj;jhHfs; vd;wpy;iy. fUg;G a+iy ,dg;gLnfhiy rpq;fs ,dthj murhYk; rpq;fs ,dthjpfshYk; Kd;$l;bNa ed;F jpl;lkpl;L epiwNtw;wg;gl;l ntwpahl;lk; MFk;.

fUg;G A+iyapy; muq;Nfw;wg;gl;l ,dg; gLnfhiyfs;> nrhj;jopTfs;> ,lg;ngaHT> fg;gy; nryT> VjpypKfhk;fs; Mfpait jkpoHfs; kdjpy; Vw;gLj;jpa jPuhj kdtLf;fs; ,d;wsTk; ePbf;fpwJ.

1983 ,y; ele;Njwpa ,dg; gLnfhiyNa gy;yhapuf; fzf;fhd jkpo; kf;fis ehl;il tpl;L Xl itj;jJ. fhzpG+kpfis tpw;W my;yJ fld;gl;L fdlh> mnkupf;fh> ma;Nuhg;gh> mT];jpNuypah Nghd;w ehLfSf;Fg; jkpoHfs; Gyk;ngaHe;jhHfs;.  xU ,yl;rk; jkpoHfs; jkpo;ehl;Lf;F Xb jQ;rk; GFe;jhHfs;.

fUg;G A+iyapy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;l ,dg;gLnfhiyapy; Mapuj;Jf;Fk; mjpfkhd jkpoHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; =yq;fh muR nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfs; njhif 358 kl;LNk vdr; nrhy;ypaJ. tPL thry; ,oe;J gs;spf;$lq;fspYk;  Nfhapy;fspYk; $lhuq;fspy; jQ;rk; mile;jtHfs; njhif xU ,yl;rk; ,Uf;fyhk; vd kjpg;gplg;gl;lJ. ,tHfspy; 75 tpOf;fhl;bdH nfhOk;gpy;   tho;e;j jkpoHfs; MtH.

1983 A+iy khjk;  ,lk;ngw;w ,dg;gLnfhiy ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; Kjy; Kiwahf ,lk;ngw;w ,dg; gLnfhiy my;y. ,yq;iff;Fr; Rje;jpuk; fpilj;j gpd;dH fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; ,J Nghd;w ,dg; gLnfhiyfs; ,lk;ngw;W te;Js;sd. 1956 Mk; Mz;L A+iy khjk; “jdpr; rpq;fsk;” mur nkhopahfg; gpufldg;gLj;Jtij vjpHj;J fhyp Kfj;jpy; rj;jpahf;fpufk; nra;j jkpouRf; fl;rp ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfSk; njhz;lHfSk; rpq;fsf; fhilaHfshy; jhf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. mjidj; njhlHe;J ehL KOJk; gutyhf jkpoHfs; kPJ jhf;Fjy;fs; elhj;jg;gl;ld.

1958> 1977> 1979> 1981 Mfpa Mz;LfspYk; jkpoUf;F vjpuhd ,dg; gLnfhiy fl;lTo;j;J tplg;gl;lJ. 1977> 1979> 1981> 1983 Mz;L ele;j ,dg; gLnfhiyfs; jPtpu rpq;fs ,dthjpahd N[.MH. n[atHj;jdh gpujkuhfTk; (1977-78) Ml;rpj; jiytuhfTk; ,Ue;j NghJ ,lk; ngw;wit MFk;.

1972 ,y; jkpo;kf;fsJ gyj;j vjpHg;gpd; kj;jpapy; rpwpkhNth gz;lhuehaf;fh muR Gjpa murpay; ahg;igf; nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wpaJ. ,e;j ahg;G rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; =yq;fhtpd; cj;jpNahf nkhop vd;Wk; gTj;jj;Jf;F rpwg;G ,lk; vdTk; $wpaJ. Nrhy;gup ahg;gpy; fhzg;gl;l tpjp 29 (1) (2) (3) rpWghd;ik r%fj;Jf;F murpay; kj Rje;jpuj;ij cWjp nra;jJ. xU r%fk; my;yJ kjj;ijr; NrHe;j xUtUf;F Vida r%fq;fSf;Fk; kjq;fSf;Fk; tpjpf;fg;glhj  jFjpapd;ikfs; my;yJ fl;Lg;ghLfs; Mfpatw;iw toq;Fk; rl;lj;ij ehlhSkd;wk; ,aw;w KbahJ.  mNj Nghy; xU r%fk; my;yJ kjj;ijr; NrHe;j xUtUf;F toq;fg;gLk; cupik my;yJ mD$yk; Vida  r%fq;fs; my;yJ kjj;jpdUf;F toq;f kWf;Fk; rl;lj;ij ehlhSkd;wk; ,aw;w KbahJ. ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;l jdpr; rpq;fsr; rl;lk; ,e;j tpjpia mg;gl;lkhf kPwpaJ.

,jpy; Nrhfk; vd;dntd;why; Nrhy;gup ahg;gpy; vOjp itj;j 29 MtJ tpjpia mbNahL ePf;fpa ngUik ahg;G eltbf;if mikr;rUk; rk[kh[pf; fl;rpj; jiytHfspy; xUtUkhd nfhy;tpd; MH b rpy;th MthH! ,lJrhupfs; vg;gb ,dthjpfshf cUkyHr;rp ngw;whHfs; vd;gjw;F ,tH ey;y vLj;Jf;fhl;L!

1978 ,y; n[atHj;jdh jpUkjp gz;lhuehaf;fhtpd; ahg;ig xopj;Jtpl;L xw;iw Ml;rpiaAk; gTj;j kjj;Jf;F rpwg;gplj;ijAk; mspf;Fk; Gjpa ahg;ig jkpo;kf;fsJ ngUk;ghd;ik ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfsJ vjpHg;Gf;F kj;jpapy; nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;;wpdhH. ngaustpy; jkpOk; xU cj;jpNahfnkhop vd ,e;j ahg;Gf; $wpaJ.

1979 Mk; Mz;L A+iy khjk; n[atHj;jdh muR gaq;futhjj; jilr; rl;lj;ij nfhz;L te;J epiwNtw;wpaJ. mjd; fPo; A+iy 11 ,y; mtrufhy epiyikia gpufldg;gLj;jpa n[atHj;jdh jdJ kUkfDk; ,uhZt jsgjpAkhd jp];rh tPuJq;fhTf;F xU fl;lis gpwg;gpj;jhH. “gaq;futhjj;ij mjd; rfy tbtq;fspYk; MW khjq;fspy;  xopj;Jf; fl;btpl;L vdf;F mwptpf;fTk;” vd;gNj mtH vOj;J %yk; gpwg;gpj;j fl;lis MFk;.

aho;g;ghzk; nrd;w ,uhZt jsgjp jp];rh tPuJq;fh tPL tPlhfr; nrd;W epj;jpiuapy; ,Ue;j jkpo; ,isQHfis ,Oj;J te;J Rl;Lf; nfhd;Wtpl;L mtHfsJ rlyq;fis aho;g;ghz tPjpfspy; tPrp vwpe;jhH. gaq;futhjj;ij xopj;Jf; fl;btpl;ljhf n[atHj;jdhTf;F tPuJq;fh Xiy mDg;gpdhH!

1981 Mk; Mz;L A+d; khjj;jpy; aho;g;ghz Ehyfk; rp;q;fsg; gilapduhy; vupA+l;b mopf;fg;gl;lJ. me;j vupA+l;ly; mikr;rHfs; fhkpdp jprehaf;fh kw;Wk; rpq;fs ntwpaH rpwpy; kj;jpA+ topelj;jypy; elj;jp Kbf;fg;gl;l xd;whFk;.  

,e;j epfo;r;rpfs; vy;yhk; 1983 fUg;G A+iyf;fhd xj;jpif my;yJ nts;Nshl;lk;  vdf; $wyhk;.  

jkpoHfSf;F vjpuhd rpq;fsf; fhilaHfsJ ntwpahl;lk; cf;fpukkhf ele;J nfhz;bUe;jij n[atHj;jdh ntwpNj ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. cs;Su mtUf;F kfpo;r;rpahf ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Culq;F cj;juitg; gpwg;gpj;J Kg;gilia <LgLj;jp rl;lk; xOq;if epiyehl;l mtH Kd;tutpy;iy. A+iy 25 (jpq;fs;) khiyjhd; Culq;F mwptpj;jy; gpufldg; gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

A+iy 25 ,y; ntypf;filr; rpiwapy; mtrufhyr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; ifJ nra;J milf;fg;gl;bUe;j 35 jkpoHfs; rpq;fsf; ifjpfspdhy; kpfTk; F&ukhd Kiwapy; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;.

A+iy 27 ,y; NkYk; 18 jkpo;f; ifjpfs; rpq;fsf; ifjpfspdhy; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mjpy; Fl;bkzpAk; xUtH. nfhiy nra;jtHfs; mtuJ fz;fisj; Njhz;b vLj;jdH.

gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;l jkpoHfspd; cly;fs; rpiwr;rhiy tsTf;Fk; epWtg;gl;bUe;j Gj;jH rpiyf;F Kd; fhzpf;ifahf mLf;fp itf;fg;gl;ld!

rpq;fsf; ifjpfspd; nfhiy ntwpahl;lj;ij jLf;f ve;jnthU Kaw;rpiaAk; rpiwr;rhiy mjpfhupfs; vLf;ftpy;iy. flik jtwpa rpiwr;rhiy mjpfhupfs; kPJ ve;jnthU rl;l eltbf;ifAk; vLf;fg;gltpy;iy.

nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l ,e;jf; ifjpfs; midtUk; gdhnfhil ,uhZt jsj;jpy; ,Ue;J Nk filrpf; fpoik ntypf;fil rpiwr;rhiyf;F khw;wg;gl;ltHfs;. A+d; 3 Mk; ehs; mtrufhyr; rl;lk; gpufldg;gLj;jg;g gl;lJ. mtru fhyr; rl;lk; ,we;jtHfspd; rlyq;fis gpNuj tprhuiz vJTkpd;wp  mlf;fk; nra;a fhty;JiwapdUf;F mjpfhuk; toq;fpaJ. ,e;jf; ifjpfs; A+iy fytuj;ij vjpHghHj;J ,lk; khw;wg;gl;lhHfsh?

jkpoHfSf;F vjpuhd jhf;Fjy;fs; rpq;fstHfs; jhkhfNt Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjy;fs; mjw;Fk; muRf;Fk; njhlHgpy;iy vd n[atHj;jdh njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; Njhd;wpg; NgRk;NghJ nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; jhf;Fjy;fs; ,lk;ngw;w ghzp mit Kd;$l;b ed;F jpl;lkpl;L Nkw;nfhz;lijf; fhl;baJ. vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf jhf;Fjypy; <Lgl;l rpq;fsf; fhilaHfs; ifapy; ,Ue;j thf;fhsH ,lhg;gpy; jkpoHfsJ tPLfs; Jy;ypakhf milahsk; fhl;lg;ngw;wpUe;jJ.  gy ,lq;fspy; ,e;j thf;fhsH ,lhg;G rpq;fsf; fhilaHfSf;F jiyik jhq;fpa gTj;j NjuHfsJ ifapy; ,Ue;jJ!

vOgJfspy; ,Ue;J jkpoHfSf;F vjpuhd jhf;Fjy;fspy; =yq;fhtpd; Kg;gilAk; fhty;JiwAk; NeubahfNth kiwKfkhfNth fye;J nfhz;ld.  ,g;NghJ NeubahfNt fye;J nfhs;fpd;wd.

fUg;G A+iy ,dg; gLnfhiyf;F ,uz;L fpoikfSf;F Kd;dH ,yz;ldpy; ,Ue;J ntspahFk; Daily Telegraph (A+iy 11> 1983)  N[.MH. n[atHj;;jdhit NeHfz;L xU nra;jpia ntspapl;lJ.

"I am not worried about the opinion of the Tamil people.. now we cannot think of them, not about their lives or their opinion ... Really if I starve the Tamils out, the Sinhala people will be happy.” 

“ehd; jkpo;kf;fs; vd;d epidf;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ gw;wpf; ftiyg; gltpy;iy. mtHfs; gw;wp ehk; ,g;NghJ rpe;jp;Jg; ghHf;f KbahJ. mtHfsJ capHfs; gw;wpNah epidg;Gg; gw;wpNah……… nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; ehd; jkpoHfisg; gl;bdp Nghl;lhy; rpq;fs kf;fs; kpfTk; kfpo;r;rp milthHfs;.”

fUg;G A+iy ,dg; gLnfhiy njhlq;fp 5 ehs;fs; kl;Lk; Ml;rpj; jiytH n[atHj;jdh ntspapy; jiyfhl;lNt ,y;iy. gpd;dH njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; Njhd;wpa NghJ mtH jkpo; kf;fis tpspj;J xU MWjy; thHj;ij $lr; nrhy;ytpy;iy. khwhf nte;j Gz;zpy; Ntiyg; gha;r;RtJ Nghy; NgrpdhH. “rpq;fs kf;fsJ Nfhupf;iffisAk; mtHfsJ Njrpa kupahijiaAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; fhyk; te;J tpl;lJ” ("the time had come to accede to the clamour and the national respect of the Sinhalese people" ) vd n[atHj;jdh khH jl;bdhH.

mNj njhiyf;fhl;rp epfo;r;rpapy; gpd;dH Njrpag; ghJfhg;G mikr;ruhf gjtp tfpj;j yypj; mj;Jyj;Kjyp tha; tpl;L mOjhH! vjw;F? jkpo;kf;fs; mepahakhff; nfhy;yg;gl;ljw;fh? mtHfsJ nrhj;Jf;fs; cilikfs; nfhs;isabf;fg;gl;ljw;fh? ,y;iy! ,y;iy! rpq;fs kf;fs; czTf;fhf ePz;l fpA+tupirapy; epd;wij mtH ghHj;jhuhk;!

fUg;G A+iy ,dg;gL nfhiyapy; fhj;jpukhd ghj;jpuk; tfpj;j ,d;ndhU mikr;rH rpwpy; kj;jpA+ MthH. ifj; njhopy; mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j ,tH ma;f;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpapd; njhopw;rq;fkhd [hjpf Nrth rq;fj;jpd; (Jatika Seveka Sangamaya) jiytuhfTk; tpsq;fpdhH. ,tNu ,dg;gLnfhiyapd; “%is” Mf ,Ue;J nray;gl;lhH.  jkpoHfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd njhopw;rhiyfs;> mq;fhbfis FUjpntwp gpbj;j rpq;fsf; Fz;lHfSf;F Jy;ypakhf ,dk; fhl;Ltjpy; mikr;rH kj;jpA+ <Lgl;lhH vd India Today ( Agusut 31, 1983) ,jo; vOjpaJ.

gjpndhU Mz;Lfs; fopj;J Ml;rpj; jiytH re;jpupfh FkhuJq;fh 1983 Mk; Mz;L ,dg; gLnfhiyf;F “kd;dpg;G” Nfl;Ltpl;L 937 NgUf;F jiyf;F c&gh 77>000 ,og;gPlhff; nfhLj;jhH. Mdhy; 1983 ,y; ghjpf;fg;gl;NlhH njhif gy;yhapuk; MFk;. mopf;fg;gl;l nrhj;Jf;fspd; ngWkjp gyNfhbahFk;.  

,Ugj;J %d;W Mz;Lfs; fope;Jk; tp.Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;L epyg;gug;G ePq;fyhf Vida gFjpfspy; thOk; jkpo; kf;fsJ capH clik ,uz;Lf;Fk; ghJfhg;gw;w epiyikNa njhlHfpwJ. ehshe;jk; rpq;fsg; gilAk; mjNdhL NrHe;J ,aq;Fk; xl;Lg;gilAk; jkpo; kf;fis Rl;Lk; ntl;bAk; Fj;jpAk; nfhd;Wk; tUfpd;wd.  ,e;j Mz;by; kl;Lk; RkhH 500 nghJ kf;fs; rpq;fs mur gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fg; gypahfpAs;shHfs;.  

,d;Wk; fUg;G A+iy ,dg; gLnfhiyfs; njhlHfpwJ. ,e;jf; nfhLikfs; ahtw;Wf;Fk; mLj;j khtPuH ehSf;F Kjy; Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itf;fg;gLk; vd;gJ jkpo;kf;fspd; ek;gpf;ifahFk;.   (cyfj;jkpoH - A+iy 21>2006)

 


 

nygdid Fz;L tPrpj; jfHf;Fk; ,];Nuypd; mLj;j ,yf;F ,uhdh?  

ef;fPud;

fle;j A+d; 25 ,y; (Qhapw;Wf;fpoik) ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfs; Kerem Shalom  mUfpYs;s ,];Nuypd; gil Kfhk; xd;wpd; kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jpdhHfs;. ,e;jj; jhf;Fjypy; ,uz;L ,];Nuypa gilapdUk; ,uz;L ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfSk; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. Nfhg;guy; juj;ijr; NrHe;j Gilad Shalit vd;gtH rpiw gpbf;fg;gl;lhH.

fle;j A+iy 12 ,y; n`];Gy;yh nfupyhf;fs; ,];Nuy; vy;iyia CLUtp ,uz;L ,];Nuy; gilapdiur; rpiwg;gpbj;Jr; nrd;whHfs;. ,e;jg; gilnaLg;gpy; vl;L ,];Nuypa gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;.

,e;j ,uz;L rpiwg;gpbg;igAk; rhf;fhf itj;Jf; nfhz;L fhrh kw;Wk; nygdd; ,uz;ilAk; jiu> thd;> fly; topahf ,];Nuy; fLikahfj;  jhf;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. tpkhdj;jhf;Fjypy; Ehw;Wf;Fk; mjpkhd ghy];jPdpa kw;Wk;  nygdd; nghJ kf;fs; gypahfpAs;shHfs;. kpd;epiyaq;fs;> tpkhd XLghijfs;> njhiyf;fhl;rp epiyak;> tPjpfs;> FbapUg;Gf;fs;> fl;blq;fs; vd vy;yhtw;iwAk; ,];Nuypa tpkhdq;fs; Fz;L Nghl;L jiukl;lkhf;fpAs;sd. jPg; gpbj;J vupAk; fl;blq;fis mizf;f jz;zPH ,y;yhJ nygdd; jj;jspf;fpwJ. 

`p];Gy;yh nfupyhf;fs; `a;th (Haifa)  efH kPJ Vtpa vwpfizj; jhf;Fjypy;  ,Jtiu 12 ,];Nuypa nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

,];uhy; fhrh kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjiyf; fz;bj;J ghJfhg;G mitapy; muG ehLfs; nfhz;L te;j jPHkhdj;ij mnkupf;fh jdJ tPl;Nlh %yk; 10-1 vd;w thf;F tpj;jpahrj;jpy; Njhw;fbj;J tpl;lJ.

nygdd; gpujkH Fuad Siniora's  tpLj;j NghH epWj;j Ntz;LNfhis cUrpah Mjupj;jJ. Mdhy; ,];Nuy; epuhfupj;J tpl;lJ. ghJfhg;G mitapy; jPHkhdk; nfhz;L tUk; Kaw;rpAk; ntw;wpngwtpy;iy. Gdpj gPl;lH efupy; eilngWk; [p8 cr;rp khehl;by; ,e;jr; rpf;fy; gw;wpj; jPHkhdk; vLf;fg;gLk; rhj;jpak; ,Uf;fpwJ.

%d;Nw %d;W ,uhZtj;jpdH rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;ljw;F vjpuhf ,];Nuy; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;s ghupajhf;FjYk; gilnaLg;Gk; mg;gl;lkhd  mur gaq;futhjk; vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;L vOe;Js;sJ. Mdhy; kioapYk; nta;apypYk; ,];Nuiy Mjupj;J tUk; mnkupf;fh ,];NuYf;F jd;idj; jw;ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; cupik ,Uf;fpwJ vd mwptpj;Js;sJ.

mjhtJ xU ehL ,d;ndhU ehL kPJ gilnaLj;jhy; mJ mur gaq;futhjk; my;y mJ jw;ghJfhg;G Aj;jk; vd;gJ mnkupf;fhtpd; thjk; MFk;. ,uhf; kPJ gilnaLj;j NghJk; ,Nj fhuzj;ij mnkupf;fh Kd; itj;jJ epidtpUf;fyhk;.

nygdd; flw;gug;ig Kw;Wif ,l;l ,];Nuypa NghHf;fg;gy; xd;iw `p];Gy;yh nfupyhf;fs; ntbnghUs; epug;gpa Mspy;yhj tpkhdk; xd;iw Vtpf; fLikahfr;  Nrjg;gLj;jpAs;shHfs;. Mdhy; njhlf;fj;jpy; Mspy;yhj tpkhdk; jhf;fp NghHf;fg;gy; Nrjg;gl;ljhfr; nrhd;d ,];Nuy; ,g;NghJ mJ Mspy;yhj tpkhdj; jhf;Fjy; my;y ,uhd; jahupg;ghd C-802 tif Vtfizj; jhf;Fjy; vd mwptpj;Js;sJ. ,jid ,uhd; kWj;Js;sJ.

kj;jpa fpof;fpy; ,uhd; kw;Wk; rpupah ,uz;Lk; mnkupf;fhTf;F cWj;jyhf ,Ue;J tUfpd;wd. mnkupf;fh ,uhd;> rpupah kw;Wk; tlnfhupa ehLfis “Axis of Evil” (nfl;l ehLfs;) vd G\; tUzpj;Js;shH.  

kj;jpa fpof;Fr; rpf;fy;fspy; fdlh ,Ujug;gpdUk; ek;gpf;if itj;Js;s nghJj; jufH vd;w vz;zk; ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; goikthjf;fl;rpg; gpujkH `hg;gH ,];Nuypd; ,uhZt eltbf;iff;F MjuT njuptpj;Js;shH. ,];Nuypd; ,uhZt eltbf;if “msthdJ” (measured) vd tUzpj;Js;shH. nghJthf Nehf;Fkplj;J mnkupf;f MjuT epiyg;ghl;il `hg;gH muR vLj;J tUfpwJ.

`p];Gy;yh kw;Wk; `hkh]; mikg;GfSf;F ,uhDk; rpupahTk; epjpAjtp MajTjtp ey;fp tUtjhf mnkupf;fhTk; ,];NuYk; Fw;wk; rhl;Lfpd;wd. ,uhd; \pah kjj;jpdH ngUk;ghd;ikahf cs;s ehL. `p];Gy;yh \pah kjj;jtuJ mikg;ghFk;.

,uhd; mZf; Fz;Lfisj; jahupg;gjw;F Ntz;ba nrwpTA+Nudpaj;ij cUthf;Fk; Kaw;rpapy; <LgLtjhf mnkupf;fh Fw;wk; rhl;b tUfpwJ. ,uhdpd; mZf;Fz;L Muha;r;rpapd; Nehf;fk; NghUf;Fj; Njitahd mZf;Fz;Lj; jahupg;G my;y mJ mikjpf;Fg; gad;gLj;Jtij Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;lJ vd  ,uhd; nrhy;fpwJ.

,uhd; kPJ thd; jhf;Fjy; elj;jp mjd; mZf;Fz;L epiyaq;fis mopj;njhopf;Fk; jpl;lk; mnkupf;fhtplk; cz;L. Mdhy; ,uhf;fpy; khl;Lg;gl;Lg; Ngha;f; fplf;Fk; mnkupf;fh ,d;ndhU NghH Kidiaj; jpwf;Fk; epiyapy; ,y;iy. ,uhd; kPjhd jhf;Fjiy ,];Nuiyf; nfhz;L mnkupf;fh elj;jf; $Lk;.

`hkh]; kw;Wk; `p];Gy;yh mikg;Gf;fs; ,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;jpdiur; rpiwg;gpbj;jijAk; mtw;Wf;F ,uhd; epjpAjtp MajTjtp toq;FfpwJ vd;gijAk; rhl;lhf itj;Jf; nfhz;L  ,uhd; kPJ mnkupf;fhTk; ,];NuYk; jhf;Fjy; elj;j jpl;lk; ,Lfpd;wdth vd ek;gg;gLfp;wJ.

,];NuypaHfSf;Fk; ghy];jPdj;jhUf;Fk; ,ilapy; jPuhj gifik epytp tUfpwJ. ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F ,];NuypaH gw;wp vz;zw;w kdf; FiwfSk;  kdtLf;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

tuyhw;W ghy];jPdj;ij ,uz;lhfg; gpupj;J mjpy; 55 tpLf;fhl;L epyg;gug;gpy; A+jHfSf;F ,];NuYk; vQ;rpa 45 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;gpy; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F ghy];jPdKk; cUthf;FtJ vd;gNj ma;ad;dhtpd; jPHkhdkhFk;. Mdhy; ,d;W 78 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;gpy; ,];Nuy; xU Rje;jpuehlhf tpsq;FfpwJ. Mdhy; ghy];jPdpaHfs; vQ;rpa 22 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;gpy; Rje;jpukhd muR xd;W ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

,];Nuypa ,uhZtj;jpdH %tH rpiwg;gpbf;fg;gl;lij ,];Nuy; “gaq;futhjk;” vd tUzp;j;Js;sJ. ,d;W ,e;j gaq;futhjk; vd;w nrhy; mbg;gil kdpjTupikfis fhypy; Nghl;L kpjpj;Jf;nfhz;L mlf;FKiw Ml;rp nra;Ak; nfhLq;NfhyHfsJ “Nflakhf” ,Uf;fpwJ.

ghy];jPdpaHfsJ `hkh]; ,af;fk; kl;Lky;y kw;Wk; f\;kPH> nrr;rPdpah. mrhk;> jkpoPo kf;fs; MfpNahuJ tpLjiyf;Fg; NghuhLk; mikg;Gf;fSk;  “gaq;futhj ,af;fq;fs;” vd;Nw Kj;jpiu Fj;jg;gl;Ls;sd.  ,t;tstpw;Fk; gaq;futhjk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F tiutpyf;ffzk; fhz ma;ad;dh vLj;j Kaw;rp ntw;wpngwtpy;iy.

gdpg;NghH fhyj;jpy; nfhydpj;Jt my;yJ mlf;FKiw Ml;rpfSf;F  vjpuhfg; NghuhLNthH tpLjiyg; Nghuhspfs; vd miof;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ,d;W muRfs; jtpu NtW ahUk; Majq;fisf; ifapy; Jhf;FtJ gaq;futhjk; vdg;gLfpwJ. mjpYk; ,];Nuy; nrhy;tJjhd; Ntbf;ifahf ,Uf;fpwJ.

mury;yhj (Non-state actor) gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fk; mur gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fk; vd;d NtWghL? ,jidg; Gupe;J nfhz;lhy; mnkupf;fhtpd; gaq;futhjk; gw;wpa Nfhl;ghl;il ehk; mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. Kd;dJ jq;fs; kz;iz Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,];Nuypa gilia mq;fpUe;J tpul;l Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jhf;Fjy;fshFk;. gpd;dJ ,];Nuypa muR ed;F jpl;lkpl;L mnkupf;fhtpd; epjp-MAjg; gyj;NjhL ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F vjpuhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jhf;Fjy; MFk;. 

Mdhy; NkNy Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy; gaq;futhjk; gw;wpa gfpuq;f thjj;jpy; ,];Nuypa mur gaq;futhjk; “jw;fhg;G Aj;jk;” vd;Wk; `kh]; Nghuspfspd; vjpHj;jhf;Fjy;fs; gaq;futhjk; vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpwJ.  

mg;ghtp nghJkf;fis ,yf;F itj;J elj;jg;gLk; jdpkdpj jw;nfhiyj; jhf;Fjy;fs; fz;bf;fg;gl Ntz;bait. mtw;iw vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; epahag;gLj;j KbahJ. Mdhy; jdpkdpj gaq;futhjj;ij ,];Nuypa mur  gaq;futhjj;NjhL xg;gpl;Lg; Ngr KbahJ.  

,];Nuy; ehl;bd; cUthf;fj;Jf;F raNdhrpk; (Zionizm) fhuzkhFk;.. 1896 ,y; mT];jpupa - A+j nra;jpahsH jpNahnlhH N`H];y; vd;gtH A+j muR (Jewish State) vd;w xU Jz;Lg; gpuRuj;ij ntspapl;lhH. A+j ,dj;jtHfSf;F vjpuhd jhf;Fjypy; ,Ue;J A+jHfisg; ghJfhf;f xNu top A+j muRjhd; vd mjpy; thjplg;gl;bUe;jJ. KjyhtJ raNahdp];l; fhq;fpu]; Rtp];yhe;jpy; 1897 ,y; eilngw;wJ.

1905 Mk; Mz;L Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;j cUrpa Gul;rpiaj; njhlHe;J fpof;F ma;Nuhg;gpaHfSk; cUrpa A+jHfSk; ghy];jPdj;jpy; FbNawj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;. ghy];jPdk; mg;NghJ xl;lkhd; Nguurpd; fPo; ,Ue;jJ. KjyhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jj;ij mLj;J xl;lkhd; NguuR tPo;e;Jgl;lJ. gpupj;jhdpahtpd; iff;F ghy];jPdpak; khwpaJ. 1917 ,y; gpupj;jhdpah gy;NghH gpufldk; (Balfour Declaration) vd;w ngaupy; xU gpufldj;ij ntspapl;lJ. mjpy; ghy];jPdpaj;jpy; A+jHfSf;F jhafk; xd;W cUthf;fg;gLk; vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jJ. 1922 Mk; Mz;L cyfehLfspd; $l;likg;G (League of Nations) A+jHfSf;fhd jhafj;jpw;F xg;Gjy; mspj;jJ. muG ehLfspd; vjpHg;Gf; fhuzkhf gpupj;jhdpahtpd; Ml;rp 1920 - 1930 tiu ePbj;jJ.

nkdhr;nrk; ngfpd; Irgun vd;w gaq;futhj mikg;Gf;Fj; jiyik jhq;fpatH. . ,];Nuypd; Kjy; gpujkH Nltpl; ngd; Nfhupad; 500 ghy];jPdpa efHfisAk; CHfisAk; mopj;J mjd; kPJ ,];Nuiy fl;b vOg;gpatH. apw;\f; rkPH (Yitzhak Shamir) n[&ryj;jpy; cs;s King David Hotel iaj; jfHj;jtH. mtH jiyik jhq;fpa nyfp (Lehi) vd;w mikg;G gpupj;jhdpa mikr;rH Lord Moyne vd;gtiu nfapNuhtpy; itj;J 1944 ,y; gLnfhiy nra;jJ. mNj Nghy; ma;ad;dh eLtH Count Folke Bernadotte 1948 nrg;njk;gH khjk; gLnfhiy nra;jJ. ,tHfs; vy;NyhiuAk; gpupj;jhdpah gaq;futhjpfs; gl;baypy; NrHj;jpUe;jJ.

 

,uz;lhtJ cyfg; NghH Kbe;j ifNahL mnkupf;fh raNdh];l; Nfhl;ghl;il ifapy; vLj;jJ. 1947 ,y; ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit ghy];jPdj;ij A+jHfSf;Fk; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; gq;F Nghl;lJ.  

1948 Nk 14 ,y; A+jHfs; ma;ad;dh xJf;fpa epyg;gug;ig jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L te;jhHfs;. mNj ehs; gpupj;jhdpah jdJ gilia mq;fpUe;J tpyf;fpf; nfhz;L ntspNawpaJ. mNj ehs; ,];Nuypa ehL jdpehlhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. cldbahf mjid mnkupf;fh mq;fPfup;j;jJ.

mLj;j ehs; vfpg;J> NahHlhd;> rpupah> nygdd; kw;Wk; ,uhf; ehLfs; ,];Nuy; kPJ gilnaLj;jd. Mdhy; Ml;gyKk; MAj gyKk; mw;w ,];Nuy; gilnaLj;J te;j 5 muG ehLfisAk; Nghupy; ntw;wp nfhz;lJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; ghy];jPdpaj;jpd; rpy epyg; gFjpfisAk; ifg;gw;wpaJ.

,e;jr; rz;ilapd; NghJ Mapuf;fzf;fhd ghy];jPdpaHfs; ,];Nuypy; ,Ue;J ,lk; ngaHe;jhHfs;. ,jdhy; ,];Nuy; A+j ngUk;ghd;ik kf;fs; nfhz;l ehlhf khwpaJ.

1967 ,y; ele;j 6 ehs; rz;ilapy; ,];Nuy; jdJ vy;iyfis NkYk; tpupthf;fpaJ. ,e;jg; NghupNyNa fhrh gFjp> Nkw;Ff; fiu> Nfhyd; cr;rp> rpdha; FlhehL kw;Wk; gioa n[&ryk; Mfpatw;iw ,];Nuy; ifg;gw;wpaJ.

,];NuYf;Fk; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; 1993 Mk; Mz;L cld;ghL xd;W x];Nyhtpy; vOjg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; 2000 Mk; Mz;L ,];NuypaHfSf;Fk; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; kPz;Lk; NghH njhlq;fp ele;J tUfpwJ.

ehby;yhj A+jHfSf;F ehL cUthf;f vLj;j KbT ehL itj;jpUe;j  ghy];jPdpaHfis ehlw;wtHfshf khw;wptpl;lJ. tuyhw;W ghy];jPdj;jpd; 78 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;G A+jHfs; ifapYk; 22 tpOf;fhL ghy];jPdpaHfs; ifapYk; ,d;Ws;sJ. ,d;Ws;s epiyikapy; `hkh]; ,af;fj;jpdH ,];Nuy; ehl;il xg;Gf;nfhs;s kWf;fpwhHfs;. mjdhy; ,];Nuy; xU ghy];jPdpak; cUthFtij vjpHf;fpwJ. ,jd; gyhgyd; ghy];jPdpaHfsJ FUjp tPzhfr; rpe;jg;gLfpwJ.

cyfpy; nfl;l Nghiu xopj;J mikjpia epiyehl;l cUthf;fg;gl;l ma;ad;dhtpd; nray;ghLfis mnkupf;fh jdJ tPl;Nlh mjpfhuk; %yk; Klf;fptpl;lJ.  mnkupf;fhit kPwp ma;ad;dhthy; vJTk; nra;a Kbahj epiy ePbf;fpwJ.

gaq;futhjk; %yk; ,];Nuiy cUthf;fpa A+jHfs; mjid kwe;J ,d;W ghy];jPdpaHfisg; ghHj;J gaq;futhjpfs; vd;fpwhHfs;.

ghfp];jhd;> vy;iy fle;j  gaq;futhjj;ij Vw;Wkjp nra;tjhf ,e;jpah Fw;wk; rhl;LfpwJ. Mdhy; mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytH G\; ghfp];jhd; gaq;futhjj;ij vjpHg;gjpy; mnkupf;fhNthL ifNfhHj;Jf; nfhz;L epw;;gjhfr; nrhy;fpwhH.  

gaq;futhjk; gw;wpa ,e;j Kuz;ghLfs; Gjpa cyf xOq;F (New World Order)  vd miof;fg;gLfpwJ vd;gJjhd; Nrhfk;!  


nkypahiu (ghy];jPdpaH) typahH (,];Nuy;) jhf;fpy; jl;bf; Nfl;f Mspy;iy!

fle;j A+d; 26 ,y; (Qhapw;Wf;fpoik) ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfs; Kerem Shalom mUfpYs;s ,];Nuypd; gil Kfhk; xd;wpd; kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jpdhHfs;. ,e;jj; jhf;Fjypy; ,uz;L ,];Nuypa gilapdUk; ,uz;L ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfSk; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. gy ,];Nuypa gilapdH fhag;gLj;jg; gl;ldH. Nfhg;guy; juj;ijr; NrHe;j Gilad Shalit vd;gtH rpiwg; gpbf;fg;gl;lhH. ,tH ,];Nuy; gilapy; NrHe;J 11 khjq;fs;jhd; MfpwJ. 1994 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpwF rpiwg; gpbf;fg;gl;l Kjy; ifjp ,tH MtH. xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l ghy];jPdpa Fof;fs; ,e;jj; jhf;FjYf;F cupik NfhupAs;sd.  

,e;jj; jhf;Fjy; mjw;F Kjy; ehs; ,U ghy];jPdpaiu ,];Nuypa gilfs; jLj;J itj;jjw;Fg; gjpybahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. me;j ,uz;L ghy];jPdpaHfSk; `hkh]; ,af;fj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; MtH.

ghy];jPdpaHfs; Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjypy; VO NgH gq;F nfhz;ljhfj; njupfpwJ. epyj;Jf;F mbapy; 300 kPl;lUf;Fk;  mjpf ePsKs;s Ruq;fg; ghij xd;iw ntl;bj;jhd; ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfs; ,];Nuy; gf;fk; ,Ue;j Kfhikj; jhf;fpdhHfs;. ,];Nuy; gf;fk; nrd;W NrHe;jJk; jPtputhjpfs; %d;W FOf;fshfg; gpupe;J ,e;jj; jhf;Fjiy Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;.

,];Nuypa rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;Ls;s Kjypy; ghy];jPdpa ngz; ifjpfs;> ,uz;lhtJ 18 mfitf;Fk; Fiwthd ghy];jPdpa ,isQHfs; MfpNahH tpLtpf;fg;gl;lhy; rpiw gpbf;fg;gl;l ,];Nuypa gilapdid tpLtpg;Nghk; vd;W ghy];jPdpa jPtputhjpfs; epge;jid tpjpj;Js;shHfs;. ,t;tpjkhd ifjpfs; khw;wk; Kd;dH eilngw;W ,Ue;jhYk; ,k;Kiw ,];Nuy; mjid epuhfupj;J tpl;lJ.

,];Nuypa rpiwapy; RkhH 9>000 ghy];jPdpaaHfs; itf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,tHfspy; RkhH  100 ngz;fs; 300 ,isQHfs; vd mDkhdpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

rpiwg; gpbf;fg;gl;l ,];Nuypa gilapdid tpLtpj;Jg; NghH NkYk; cf;fpufk; milahky; ghHj;Jf; nfhs;Sk;  Kaw;rpapy;  vfpg;J ,U jug;GldlDk; Ngrp tUfpwJ. vfpg;ijg; NghyNt gpuhd;Rk; mf;fiw fhl;b tUfpwJ. gpuhd;Rf;F ,jpy; cs;s mf;fiw vd;d? ifJ nra;ag;gl;l Kerem Shalom  f;F gpuhd;]; - ,];Nuy; ,uz;L ehl;Lf; FbAupikAk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

XnunahU gilapdd; rpiwg; gpbf;fg;gl;lijr; rhl;lhf itj;Jf; nfhz;L  ,];Nuy; ghupa gilnaLg;ig Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,];Nuy; gilfs; fhrh gFjpapy; ,Ue;J 2005 ,y; gpd;thq;fpa gpd;dH Nkw;nfhz;l Kjy; gilnaLg;G ,JthFk;.

,];Nuy; msTf;F mjpfkhd gyj;ijg; gad;gLj;JfpwJ vd;W Fw;wr;rhl;il mJ kWj;Js;sJ. `hkh]; ,af;fj;jpd; Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;g;gNj ,];Nuypd; gilnaLg;Gf;F cz;ikahd fhuzk; vd;Wk; ,e;jg; gilnaLg;G Kd;$l;bNa jpl;lkpl;L Nkw;nfhz;l gilnaLg;G vdg; ghy];jPdpa gpujkH ,];kapy; `dpNa (Ismail Haniveh) Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;shH.  

fhrh xU rpwpa gFjp. Xb xspa KbahJ. xNunahU kpd;epiyak; kl;Lk; ,Ue;jJ. mJ 65 tpOf;fhl;bdUf;F kpd;rhuk; toq;f cjtpaJ. xNunahU tpkhd epiyak; kl;Lk; cz;L. fhrhtpy; cs;s rpnke;jhy; fl;lg;gl;l rfy fl;blq;fisAk; jfHj;njwpaf; $ba gPuq;fpf; Fz;Lfs; ,];Nuyplk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

3>000 vz;zpf;if nfhz;l ,];Nuypa ghJfhg;G gil vl;L `hkh]; mikr;rHfs; cl;gl gy mjpfhupfis jLj;J itj;Js;sJ. ,e;jg; gilnaLg;Gf;F Nfhilfhy kio eltbf;if (Operation Summer Rains) vdg; ngauplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,];Nuy; gilnaLj;J 24 kzpj;jpahyk; KbAKd; ,];Nuypa gilfs; fhrh gFjp njUf;fs;> ghyq;fs;> kpd;epiyaq;fs; vd vy;yhtw;iwAk; Fz;L Nghl;Lj; jiu kl;lkhf;fp tpl;lJ. kpd;epiyak; jfHf;fg;gl;ljhy; 700>000 kf;fs; ,Uspy; %o;fpdH. kpd;epiyak; jfHf;fg;gl;ljhy; fhrhtpy; kdpjhgpkhd neUf;fb cUthfpAs;sjhf ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit fUj;Jj; njuptpj;Js;J.

fhrhTf;Fs; jiutop CLUtpa ,];Nuypa jhq;fpg;gil ghy];jPdpaHfsJ xypt; kuj; Njhl;lq;fis cOJ mopj;J tpl;ld. ,]Nuypa thd;gil  tPrpa fhy; njhd; epiwAs;s Fz;nlhd;W xU tPl;ilj; jiukl;lkhf;fpaJ. mjpy; tho;e;j  tPl;Lj; jiytH - jiytp cl;gl mtHfsJ 4 Kjy; 18 mfit epuk;gpa VO gps;isfSk; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;.  ,];Nuypa n[l; tpkhdq;fs; 40 ,yf;Ffisj; jhf;fpAs;sd.

 

fhrh gFjp ghy];jPdpa gpuNjrj;jpd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpapy; cs;sJ. mjd; vy;iyfs; njd;Nkw;Nf vfpg;NjhLk; tlfpof;Nf ,];NuYlDk; Nkw;Nf kj;jpajiuf; flNyhLk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,e;j vy;iyfs; 1948 ,y; ele;j muG - ,];Nuypa Nghiu mLj;J vfpj;Jf;Fk; - ,];NuYf;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;l cld;ghl;by; Fwpf;fg;gl;lit MFk;. fhrh gFjpia Kjypy; vfpg;J jdJ gpbapy; itj;jpUe;jJ. Mdhy; 1967 ,y; ele;j MW ehs; Aj;jj;jpy; ,];Nuy; mjidf; ifg;gw;wpaJ. x];Nyhtpy; 1993 Mk; Mz;L vOjpf;nfhz;l cld;ghl;bd;gb fhrhtpd; ngUk; gFjp ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mitapd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; te;jJ. fle;j Mf];l; 15> 2005 njhlq;fp ,];Nuy; jdJ rl;ltpNuhj FbNaw;wj; jpl;lq;fisAk; gil Kfhk;fisak; mq;fpUe;J mfw;wj; njhlq;fpaJ.

nrg;njk;gH 15> 2005 ,y; ,];Nuy; mikr;ruit fhrh kPjhd jdJ 38 Mz;L fhyg; gilf; fl;Lg;ghl;il KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;Jtpl;ljhf mwptpj;jJ.

Mdhy; ,];Nuy; fhrhtpd; thd;gug;G kw;Wk; flw;gug;G ,uz;bd; fl;Lg;ghl;il jd;NdhL itj;jpUf;fpwJ.

,J ,t;thwpUf;f fle;j A+iy 12 ,y; n`];Gy;yh nfupyhf;fs; ,];Nuy; vy;iyia CLUtp ,uz;L ,];Nuy; gilapdiur; rpiwg;gpbj;Jr; nrd;whHfs;. ,e;jg; gilnaLg;gpy; vl;L ,];Nuypa gilapdH nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. mjpy; ehd;F NgH nygdDf;Fs; CLUtpa ,];Nuypa jhq;fp fz;zpntbapy; rpf;fpa NghJ ,we;jhHfs;. %d;W nfupy;yhf;fSk; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. MW Mz;L ,ilntspf;Fg; gpd;dH n`];Gy;yh nfupyhf;fSf;Fk; ,];Nuypa gilf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j Kjy; Nkhjy; ,JthFk;. ,];Nuy; 2000 Mk; Mz;L nyngdid tpl;L gpd;thq;fpa NghJ ma;ad;dh mit ,uz;L ehLfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; xU vy;iyf;Nfhl;il tiue;jJ. Mdhy; nyngdd; me;jf; Nfhl;il xj;Jf; nfhs;stpy;iy. `p];Gy;yh ,e;j vy;iyf;NfhL gw;wpa NtWghl;il itj;Jf; nfhz;L vy;iy fle;j jhf;Fjiy epahag;gLj;jp tUfpwJ. `p];Gy;yhTf;F ,uhd;> rpupah ,uz;L ehLfsJ MjuT ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; mnkupf;fh `p];Gy;yhit gaq;futhj ,af;fq;fspd; gl;baypy; NrHj;Js;sJ.

 

,];Nuypa gilapdH ,UtH rpiwg; gpbf;fg;gl;lij mLj;J ,];Nuy; nyngdd; kPJ thd;> jiu> fly; vd Kk;Kidj; jhf;Fjy;fis Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJ.

 

,];Nuypa tpkhdg;gil nyngdpd; nga;&l;  tpkhdepiyak;> njhiyf;fhl;rp> thndhyp Mfpatw;wpd; kPJ Fz;L tPrpj; jhf;fpAs;sJ. mjid mLj;J tpkhdepiyak;  Nghf;Ftuj;Jf;F %lg;gl;L tpl;lJ. tpkhdjsj;jpd; %d;W XlghijfSk; Nrjg;gLj;jg;gl;ld. 1982 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpwF nga;&l; tpkhdepiyaj;ij ,g;NghJjhd; ,];Nuy; Kjy;Kjyhfj; jhf;fpAs;sJ. my; kdhH (Al Manar) njhiyf;fhl;rp epiyak; ,];Nuypd; NghHtpkhdq;fspd; Fz;Lj; jhf;FjYf;F ,yf;fhfpaJ. ,Ue;j NghJk; mjd; xspgug;Gj; jilgltpy;iy. ,];Nuypa tpkhdf; Fz;L tPr;rpy; 35 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

 

,];Nuypd; flw;gil nygdd; flw;gug;gpy; Eioe;Js;sJ. nygdd; ehl;L Kf;fpa JiwKfq;fis jdpikg;gLj;JtNj ,];Nuypa flw;gilapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.

 

,];Nuy; 2000 ,y; nyngddpy; ,Ue;J gpd; thq;fpdhYk; 25 rJu fpkP epyg;gug;ig (Shebaa Farms) ,d;Dk; jdJ gpbapy; itj;Js;sJ. ,e;jg; gFjp 1967 Mk; Mz;Lk; kPz;Lk; 1973 Mk; Mz;Lk; ,];Nuypdhy; ifg;gw;wg;gl;l epyg;gug;ghFk;. NkYk; Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhd nyngdpaHfis ,];Nuy; rpiw itj;Js;sJ.   

 

Nkw;Ff; fiu kw;Wk; fhrh gFjpia 38 Mz;Lfs; jdJ ,Uk;Gg; gpbf;Fs; itj;jpUe;j ,];Nuy;  ghy];jPdpaHfsJ nghUshjhuj;ij mopj;J tpl;lJ. mtHfsJ jdp Ms; Mz;L tUkhdk; Mapuk; nlhyuhf (ehshe;j tUkhdk; 3 nlhyH) Fiwe;J tpl;lJ. mNj Neuk; ,];Nuypd; jdp Ms; tUkhdk; 16>000 nlhyuhf (ehshe;j tUkhdk; 48 nlhyH)  caHe;J tpl;lJ.

 

,e;jf; fhyg; gFjpapy; mnkupf;fh 4>000 Nfhb nlhyHfis ,uhZt cjtpahf ,];NuYf;F toq;fpAs;sJ. ,e;j epjpAjtpiaf; nfhz;L ,];Nuy; mNj mnkupf;ftplk; ,Ue;J F-16 NghH tpkhdq;fs;> gPuq;fpfs; nghUj;jg;gl;l cyq;FthDhHjpfs;> Jg;ghf;fpfs;> Njhl;lhf;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw thq;fpf; Ftpj;Js;sJ. NkYk; etPd ,uhZt Majq;fs; jsghlq;fs; jahupg;gjpy;> Vw;Wkjp nra;tjpy; ,];Nuy; Kd;dpiyapy; epw;fpwJ.

 

mnkupf;f ehl;Lg; gzj;jpy; thq;fg;gl;l  MAjq;fNs ghy];jPdpa fpsHr;rpia mlf;f ,];Nuy; gad;gLj;jpaJ. 2500 Fk; mjpfkhd tPLfis ,];Nuypa gil ,bj;Jj; js;sptpl;lJ. Mapuk; gjpdhapuk; xypt; kuq;fis ,];Nuy; mopj;J tpl;lJ. xU jiyKiwf;Fk; Nkyhd ghy];jPdpaHfs; tPL - rpiwr;rhiy – tPL vd khwp khwp tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,];Nuy; mnkupf;fhtpd; nry;yg; gps;isahf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,];NuYf;F vjpuhd ma;ad;dh mitapd; jPHkhdq;fis mnkupf;fh jd;de;jdpahf epd;W tPl;Nlh nra;J nry;yhf;fhrhfr; nra;J tpLfpwJ.

 

,];Nuy; tuyhw;Wg; ghy];jPdpa epyg;gug;gpy; 78 tpOf;fhl;il jdf;Fr; nrhe;jkhf;fpf; nfhz;L tpl;lJ. mNj Neuk; vQ;rpa 22 tpOf;fhl;L epyg;gug;gpy; 2.5 kpy;ypad; (25 ,yf;fk;) ghy];jPdpaHfsJ Rje;jpuj;ijAk; kWj;J tUfpwJ.

,];Nuypd; Njhw;wj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dH> Fwpg;ghf Nltpl; Kfhk; (Camp David) cld;ghl;Lf;Fg; gpd;dH (1979)  mnkupf;fh ,Jtiu 10>000 Nfhb nlhyHfis ,uhZt kw;Wk; nghUshjhu Nkk;ghl;Lf;F epjpAjtpahff; nfhLj;Js;sJ. ,];Nuy; ehNl mnkupf;fhtpd; kpff; $Ljyhd epjpAjtpiag; ngWk; ehlhFk;. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 500 Nfhb nlhyHfs; mnkupf;fh ,];NuYf;Ff; nfhLj;J cjTfpwJ. ,ijtpl mnkupf;f A+jHfs; (xU Nfhb) tup tpyf;F mspf;fg;gl;l ed;nfhil %yk; gy;yhapuk; Nfhb nlhyHfis ,];NuYf;f ed;nfhilahff; nfhLj;Js;shHfs;.

ehd;fhtJ n[dpth kuG (tpjp 49) kw;Wk; 20 Fk; Nkw;gl;l ma;ad;dh mitapd; jPHkhdq;fs; gpbgl;l ehl;by; gpbj;j ehl;bd; Fbkf;fs; FbNaw KbahJ vdj; jil nra;fpwJ. Mdhy; ,];Nuy; ,tw;iw vy;yhk; rl;il nra;ahJ 1967 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpd;dH ,];Nuy; Nkw;Ff; fiu kw;Wk; fhrh gFjpapy; 150 Fk; Nkyhd A+j FbNaw;wj; jpl;lq;fis cUthf;fpAs;sJ. mjpy; xU gFjpNa nrd;w Mz;L mg;Gwg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. 

1967 Fg; gpd;dH fpof;F n[&ryj;jpy; 180>000 A+jHfs; FbNaw;wg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. 1993 Mk; Mz;L ,];Nuy; n[&ryj;ij fhrh kw;Wk; Nkw;ff; fiu epyg;gug;NghL Jz;bj;J tpl;lJ.

nrg;njk;gH 11> 2001 Fg; gpd;dH ,];Nuy; ,uhZtk;  150 Foe;ijfs; cl;gl 800 ghy];jPdpaHfis nfhd;W Ftpj;Js;sJ. 16>000 ghy];jPdpaHfs; gLfhak; mile;Js;shHfs;.

kj;jpa fpof;fpy; 20 Nfhb (200 kpy;ypad;) muhgpaHfs; tho;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; mtHfs; ghy];jPdpa kf;fspd; my;yy;fis nghWj;j kl;by; ghHitahsuhfNt ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. mnkupf;fhit kPwpg; ghy];jPdpa rpf;fypy; jiyapLk; Jzpr;ry; mtHfSf;F ,y;iy.

2001 Mk; Mz;L bnrk;gH khjj;jpy; n[dpth kugpy; ifr;rhj;jpl;l 114 ehLfspd; gpujpepjpfs; n[dpthtpy; $b  ,];Nuy; gd;dhl;L rl;ljpl;lq;fisf; filg;gpbj;J xOf Ntz;Lk; vd;w jPHkhdj;ij epiwNtw;wpdhHfs;. mjpy; gpupj;jhdpah ehl;Lg; gpujpepjpAk; xUtH. Mdhy; ,];Nuy; mire;J nfhLf;ftpy;iy. 

,g;NghJ xNu ghHitapy; rpy Gs;sp tpguq;fisg; ghHg;Nghk;. ghy];jPdg; ngUepyg;gug;gpy; ,];Nuypa FbNaw;wthrpfs;.

Nkw;Ff; fiu  -   162>000
Nfhyd; NkL  -    20>000
fhrh gfjp    -    7>000 ( ,jpy; ngUksT 2005 ,y; mfw;wg;gl;L tpl;lJ)
fpof;F n[&ryk; - 176> 000 

,];Nuy; cyfpy; cs;s gzf;fhu ehLfspd; gl;baypy; 15 MtJ ,lj;jpy; (fdlh 9 MtJ ,lk;) ,Uf;fpwJ. jdp Ms; tUkhdg; gl;baypy; ,];Nuy; 28 MtJ ,lj;jpy; (fdlh 19 MtJ ,lj;jpy;) ,Uf;fpwJ.

1949 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpd;dH mnkupf;fh ,];NuYf;Ff; nfhLj;j epjpAjtp – 134 gpy;ypad; nlhyHfs;. ( xU gpy;ypad; 100 Nfhb) mnkupf;f Fbkfd; nfhLj;j epjpAjtp jiyf;F 23>240 nlhyHfs;. Vd; ,t;thnwy;yhk; mnkupf;fh ,];NuYf;F nfhl;bf; nfhLf;fpwJ?

m) xU Nfhb mnkupf;f A+jHfspd; murpay; nghUspay; nry;thf;F.

M) mnkupf;fhtpd; eyd;fSf;F kj;jpa fpof;fpy; xU cWjpahd> kf;fshl;rp Kiwik nfhz;l> gilgyj;jpy; gykhd ,];Nuypd; Njit.

,) kj;jpa fpof;fpy; ,];Nuy; tfpf;fpw Nfe;jpu Kf;fpaj;Jtk;. 

1947 ,y; ma;ad;dh mit ghy];jPdpa (gioa) epyg;gug;gpy; A+jHfSf;F 55 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;Gk; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;f 45 tpOf;fhL epyg;gug;Gk; nfhz;l   ,U ehLfs; cUthf;f KbT nra;jJ.

fle;j fhyj;jpy; A+j FbNaw;wk; fhuzkhf khw;wk; mile;j kf;fs; njhif.

Mz;L   ghy];jPdpaH  tpOf;fhL  A+jHfs;    (tpOf;fhL)

1870      367>224         98         7>000        2
1912      525>000         93         40>000       7
1925      598>000         83         120>000      17
1946      1>237>000        65         608>000      35
2006      2>500>000        17        6>276>883      83

,];Nuy; kj;jpa fpof;fpy; xU Fl;b ty;yurhf tpsq;FfpwJ. gjpdhW gpupTfisf; nfhz;l mjd; jiug;gilapy; 141>000 tPuHfSk; tpkhdg;gilapy; 36>000 tPuHfSk;>  flw;gilapy; 9>500 tPuHfSk; Mf nkhj;jk; 186>500 KONeug; gilapdH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Nkyjpfkhf gpd;,Ug;G (Reservists) gilapdiuAk; NrHj;jhy; 631>000 gilapdH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. NkYk; jhq;fpfs; 3>700 ftr thfdq;fs; 7>710 NghH tpkhdq;fs; 518 nghjp tpkhdq;fs; 58 cyq;FthDhHjpfs; 205 ,];Nuy; ghJfhg;Gg; gilapduplk; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,];Nuy; ghJfhg;Gf;F 8.72 gpy;ypad; (87.20 Nfhb) nlhyHfis (2003) xJf;fp ,Ue;jJ.  

 

muG ehLfspy; vfpg;jplk; kl;Lk;  450>000 gilapdUk; 254>000 gpd;,Ug;G gilapdUk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,];Nuiyj; jhf;ff; $ba 24 VTfisfs; (24 No-Dong missiles ) iftrk; cs;sJ. vfpg;jpd; Mz;L ,uhZtr; nryT 2.75 gpy;ypad; m. nlhyHfs;. Mdhy; vfpg;J ,];NuYld; mikjp xg;ge;jk; nra;Js;sJ.     

 

,t;thW ,];Nuy; ,uhZt gyj;ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L fhrhtpYk; nyngdpYk; fz;%bj;jdkhf Fz;Lfis tPrp kf;fisf; nfhd;W fl;Lkhdq;fisj; jfHf;fk; NghJ cyf ehLfs; kTdk; rhjpf;fpd;wd.

 

tp.Gypfs; rpWtHfis gilapy; NrHj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs; vd XahJ xg;ghup itf;Fk; A+rpnrt; mikg;Gk; gaq;fu kTdk; rhjpf;fpwJ. fhrhtpYk; nygddpYk; ,we;jtHfspy; fzprkhdtHfs; rpWtHfs; MtH.  rpWtHfisg; ghJfhg;gjw;nfd  cUthf;fg;gl;l mikg;G ,JthFk;. mJ vq;Nf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ $lj; njupatpy;iy.

 

nfhQ;rk; eLepiyikNahL nra;jpfis ntspapLk; gpgprp n`];Gy;yhtpd; VTfizj; jhf;Fjpy; ,we;J gl;l 40 taJg; ngz;izg; gw;wpj;jhd; ngupjhf nra;jpntspapl;Ls;sJ.

 

ghJfhg;G mitapy; ,];Nuy; jdJ jhf;Fjiy epWj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vdf; nfhz;L te;j jPHkhdj;ij tof;fk; Nghy; mnkupf;fh tPl;Nlh nra;Js;sJ. ,];Nuy; jdJ ghJfhg;gpd; epkpj;jk; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;s jhf;Fjy; rupahdNj vd;W mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH G\; njuptpj;Js;shH. ,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ nyngdd; kw;Wk; fhrh gFjpapy; ,];Nuypa gilapdupd; jhf;Fjy;fs; njhlHfpwJ. mNj Neuk; `p];Gy;yh Nghuhspfs; ,];Nuypa fa;th (Haifa) efH kPJ VTfizj; jhf;Fjiy elj;jpAs;shHfs;.

 

 

 


 

jkpo;ehl;by; jQ;rk; GFe;j <oj;jkpo; Vjpypfis tho itAq;fs;!

ef;fPud;

cyfpy; ;ghtg;’ gl;l  Vjpypfspd; gl;bay; xd;iwj; jahupj;;jhy; mjpy; ghy];jPdpaHfs;> jpNgj;jpaH> ,uhf;fpaH> <oj;jkpoH Nghd;NwhH Kjy; tupirapy; fl;lhak; ,lk; gpbg;ghHfs;. 

 

cyfpy; ,d;W 20.8 kpy;ypad; (2.08 Nfhb) kf;fs; Vjpypfshff; $lhuq;fspYk; FbirfspYk; nfhl;by;fspYk; tho;fpwhHfs;. ,jpy; gpwe;j ehl;iltpl;;L cs;ehl;Lg; NghH> ,d Nkhjy;> ,df;FO Nkhjy; kw;Wk; rkar; rz;il fhuzkhf ntspNawpatHfs; njhif 8.4 kpy;ypad;.  cs;ehl;by; ,lk;ngaHe;jtHfs; njhif 6.6 kpy;ypad;. ehlw;wtHfs; njhif 2.4 kpy;ypad;. murpay; milf;fyk; Nfl;ltHfsJ vz;zpf;if 773>000 Mapuk;. ,Ue;Jk; 2001 Mk; Mz;NlhL xg;gpl;Lg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ ,d;W Vjpypfs; njhif 31 tpOf;fhl;lhy; Fiwe;Js;sJ. NkYk; ,e;j Mz;Ljhd; Vjpypfspd; vz;zpf;if 1980 Fg; gpd;dH Mff; Fiwe;j njhifahf fhzg;gLfpwJ. NkYk; 2002 f;Fg; gpd;dH 6 kpy;ypad; kf;fs; jq;fs; nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpAs;shHfs;. 

 

,t;thW VjpypfSf;fhd ma;ad;dh mikg;G (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) cyf Vjpyp ehshd (World Refugee Day) A+d; 20  md;W ntspapl;l mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sJ.

 

1930> 1940 fspy; ehrp n[Hkdpapd; mlf;FKiwapy; ,Ue;J Xba A+jHfSf;F murpay; milf;fyk; nfhLf;f ve;j ehLk; Kd;tutpy;iy. ,uz;lhtJ cyfg; Nghupd; gpd;  Vjpypfisf; fhg;ghw;wTk; mtHfSf;F cjtTk; 1950 ,y; cUthf;fg;gl;l mikg;Ng VjpypfSf;fhd ma;ad;dh mikg;ghFk;. 1951 ,y; ma;ad;dh Vjpyp kuG Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

2001 ngg;utup 22 Mk; ehs; tp.GypfSf;Fk; =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l mikjp xg;ge;je;jpd; gpd;dH <oj; jkpoHfs; jkpo;ehl;Lf;Ff; FbngaHtJ Xa;e;J NghdJ. khwhf Vw;fdNt mq;F Kfhk;fspy; tho;e;j kf;fs; kd;dhH> jpUNfhzkiy> Ky;iyj;jPT Nghd;w gFjpfSf;Fj; jpUk;gj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;. 2005 Mk; Mz;L VjpypfSf;fhd ma;ad;dh mikg;G 1>173 NgH ehL jpUk;g cjtpaJ. 2006 ,y; 27 NgH kl;LNk  ehL jpUk;gpdhHfs;. 2002 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; RkhH 5>000 jkpo; Vjpypfs; ehL jpUk;gpAs;shHfs; vd VjpypfSf;fhd ma;ad;dh mikg;G mwpf;if $WfpwJ.  

Mdhy; fLk; Nghf;fhsuhd kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;r fle;j nehntk;gH khjk; Ml;rpj; jiytuhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lijj; njhlHe;J jkpo; kf;fSf;F vjpuhfg; gutyhd jhf;Fjy;fis rpq;fsg; gil Nkw;nfhz;lJ. ,jpy; NghuhspfSk; nghJkf;fSk; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. gjpy; jhf;Fjy;fspy; ,uhZtj;jpdH rpyH capH ,oe;jhHfs;.

jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lNk rpq;fsg; gilapd; jhf;Fjy;fSf;Fg; ngUksT  ,yf;fhfpaJ. ,yf;fhfp tUfpwJ. jkpo;ehl;Lf;F Vjpypfshf XLk; kf;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhH jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs;. jpUNfhzkiyapy; rpq;fsg; gil Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjy;fspdhy; RkhH 31>000 kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;Js;shHfs; vd VjpypfSf;fhd ma;ad;dh mikg;G mwptpj;Js;sJ.  

Rje;jpuj;Jf;Fg; gpd; rpq;fs murhy; jpl;lkpl;L Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l my;iy> fe;jsha; Nghd;w ghupa  rpq;fsf; FbNaw;wq;fspdhy; ,d;W jkpoHfs; jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;jpy; rpWghd;ikahf khwptpl;ldH. Kjy; Kiwahf ,yq;ifapy; Fbj;njhiff; fzf;F fpgp 1881 Mk; Mz;L elj;jg;gl;lJ. mjd;NghJ jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;jpy; 14>394 jkpoUk;> 5746 K];ypk;fSk; 935 rpq;fstUk; tho;e;jhHfs;. EhW Mz;Lfs; fopj;J 1981 ,y; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Fbj;njhiff; fzf;fpd;gb jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;jpy; 93>510 jkpoUk; 74>403 K];ypk;fSk; 86>341 rpq;fstUk; tho;tjhfj; njuptpf;fg;gl;lJ. mjhtJ EhW Mz;Lfspy; jkpoHfsJ vz;zpf;if 7 klq;fhf mjpfupf;f> K];ypk;fspd; vz;zpf;if 13 klq;F mjpfupf;f>  rpq;fstuJ vz;zpf;if 92 klq;fhf mjpfupj;Js;sJ. 1981 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpe;jpa  ,lg;ngaHthy; jkpoHfs; ,g;NghJ %d;whtJ ,lj;Jf;Fj; js;sg;gl;L ,Ue;jhYk; mjpy; tpag;gpy;iy.

jpUNfhzkiyia rpq;fsg; ngUk;ghd;ik khtl;lkhf khw;WtNj rpq;fs murpd; ePz;l fhyj; (rjp) jpl;lkhFk;. mjw;fhd  eltbf;iffisj; njhlHr;rpahf rpq;fs ,dthj muRfs; fl;rp NtWghbd;wp vLj;J tUfpd;wd. ,e;j Kaw;rpapy; rpq;fs Ml;rpahsHfs; ntw;wp fz;L tUfpwhHfs;. mz;ikapy; jpUNfhzkiy khtl;l mur mjpguhf Xa;T ngw;w ,uhZtj; jsgjp uQ;rpj; rpy;th (Major General Ranjith Silva) epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. Vw;fdNt tlfpof;F MSeuhf Xa;T ngw;w flw;gilj; jsgJ Nkhfd; rkutpf;fpuk (Rear Admiral (Rtd) Mohan Samarawickrema)  ,Ue;J tUfpwhH. ,e;j epakdq;fs; jpUNfhzkiy epUthfk; Kw;W KOjhf rpq;fs - ,uhZt kag;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ vd;gjw;F rhd;whFk;. ,yq;if Rje;jpuk; ngw;w gpd;dH ,Jtiu xU jkpouhtJ jpUNfhzkiy mur mjpguhf epakpf;fg;gltpy;iy vd;gJ kdq;nfhs;sj;jf;fJ.

1983 Mk; Mz;L ,lk;ngw;w ,df; fytuj;ij mLj;Nj <oj;jkpoHfs; jkpo;ehl;Lf;Fk; Nkw;Fyf ehLfSf;Fk; Vjpypfshf Xlj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;. 1983 Mk; Mz;L ,lk;ngw;w fytuj;ij ‘fytuk;’ vd;W nrhy;yKbahJ. mJ ,dg; gLnfhiy (genocide) MFk;. epuhAjghzpfshd mg;ghtpj; jkpoHfis ntl;bAk; Fj;jpAk; Rl;Lk; capNuhL vupj;Jk;  rpq;fsf; fhilaH nfhd;w Ftpj;jhHfs;. RkhH 3>000 jkpoHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. Nfhbf;fzf;fhd nrhj;Jf;fs; mopf;fg;gl;ld.

,e;j Mz;L jkpo;ehl;Lf;F Xbg;Nghd jkpo; Vjpypfspd; vz;zpf;if 4>528 Mf caHe;Js;sJ. ,e;j Mz;Lj; njhlf;fj;jpy; rupahfr; nrhd;dhy; rdtup 12 Mk; ehs; njhlq;fpa ,lg;ngaHT Xa;e;jghby;iy.

,Uf;Fk; nfhQ;r eQ;r cilikfis tpw;W jiyf;F cUgh 10>000 glNfhl;bfSf;Ff;  nfhLj;J Ngrhiyapy; (kd;dhH) ,Ue;J rpW kPd;gpbg; glFfspy; jkpo;ehl;Lf;Fj; jg;gpr; nry;fpwhHfs;.

jiykd;dhUf;Fk; ,uhNkRtuj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s njhiy Jhuk;  18 fpkP kl;LNk. mjidg; glfpy;  flf;f xU kzpj;jpahyk; vLf;fpwJ. Mdhy; xU kzpj;jpahyf; fly; gazk; kpfTk; Mgj;jhdJ. jha;> jfg;gd;> Foe;ij Fl;bfs;  vd vy;NyhUk; capiuf; ifapy; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; gazk; nra;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfisf; nfhz;L nry;Yk; glNfhl;bfs; ngUk;ghYk; mf;fiuapy; nfhz;L nrd;W ,wf;Ftjpy;iy. ,ilapy;  fhzg;gLk; jpl;bfspy; ,wf;fp tpl;L tpl;Lj; jpUk;gp tpLfpwhHfs;. flypy; kPd; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; jkpo;ehl;L kPdtHfs;>  ,e;jpa flw;gil my;yJ flNyhuf; fz;fhzpg;Gf; fg;gy;fs;  ,tHfisf; fhg;ghw;wp fiu NrHf;fpwhHfs;. ,t;thW Nk 20 Mk; ehs; glFfspy; gazk; nra;jtHfsJ glF fTz;L mjpy; gazk; nra;jtHfspy; 10 NgH flypy; %o;fp ,we;J NghdhHfs;.

jg;gp Xbg; NghdtHfs; jq;fsJ frg;ghd fz;zPHf; fijfisj; jkpo;ehl;L  nra;jpahsHfSf;Fr; nrhy;Yk; NghJ rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpd; jhf;Fjy;fSf;Fg; gae;Nj capiuf; ifapy; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L jkpo;ehl;Lf;F jg;gp Xb te;jjhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;. ,d;Dk; rpyH flypy; kPd;gpbg;gjw;Fr; rpq;fsg; gil mbf;fb NghLk; jilfshy; njhopy; nra;J gpiof;f Kbahjjhy; Xb te;jjhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;.

,g;gb Xb te;jtHfspy; ,uz;lhtJ %d;whtJ Kiwahf jkpo;ehl;Lf;F Vjpypfshf te;jtHfSk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

‘jkpo;ehl;Lf;F tUk;NghJ ehd; Vjpypahf te;Njd;. Mdhy;> vd; Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; NghNj Vjpypahfg; gpwe;Js;sJ’ vd xU jhahH Fwpg;gpl;lhH.  

,d;W jkpo;ehl;by; cs;s 103 Kfhk;fspy; RkhH 65>000 jkpo; Vjpypfs; tho;tjhf kjpg;gPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. Kfhk;fSf;Ff ntspNa 40>000 jkpo; Vjpypfs; murpd; jatpd;wp cw;whH cwtpdH nfhLf;Fk; gzj;jpy; tho;fpwhHfs;.

,e;jpah Vjpypfs; 1950 Mk; Mz;L epiwNtw;wg;gl;l kuG xg;ge;jj;jpy; ifr;rhj;jplhj ehLfspy; xd;W. ,Ue;Jk; jkpoPo VjpypfSf;F milf;fyk; nfhLj;Js;sJ. ,e;jpahtpy; ,uz;lhtJ $Ljy; Vjpypfs; r%fk; <oj; jkpoH MtH. ,tHfSf;F ,e;jpa eLtz; muR kw;Wk; jkpof muR ,ytrkhf muprp> gUg;G> Fbjz;zPH> kpd;rhuk; Nghd;wtw;iw toq;FfpwJ.

flypy; Mgj;jhd gazj;ij Nkw;nfhz;L kPd;gpbg; glFfspy; ,uhkehjGuk; nrd;wilAk; VjpypfSf;F rpy ehl;fs; rikj;j czT toq;fg;gLfpwJ. ,uz;L fpoikf;F xU Kiw xU FLk;gj; jiytUf;F cUgh 200 toq;fg;gLfpwJ. FLk;gj; jiytpf;F cUgh 144 toq;fg;gLfpwJ. 12 mfitf;Ff; Fiwe;j Kjy; gps;isf;F cUgh 90 ck; mLj;j Foe;ij xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; cUgh 45 ck; toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

fhty;Jiw tprhuizapd; NghJ jPtputhjpfs; vd;W ma;ag;gLgtHfs; nrq;fy;gl;L rpwg;G Kfhkpy; milf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. ,e;j Kfhkpy; 60 f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jkpoHfs; ePz;l fhykhf milj;J itf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. 

vz;gJfspYk; njhz;ZhWfspYk; Nkw;Fyf ehLfSf;F ,lk;ngaHe;j jkpoHfs; NgusT trjpahf tho;fpwhHfs;. mnkupf;fh> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfSf;Fr; nrd;W murpay; milf;fyk; NfhupNahupy; ngUk;ghd;ikapdH FbAupik ngw;Wtpl;lhHfs;. Ntiytha;g;G> fy;tp> thzpfk; Nghd;w Jiwfspy; kw;wtHfSf;F cs;s cupik miidj;Jk; ,tHfSf;Fk; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

Mdhy; %d;whtJ ehLfspy; xd;whd ,e;jpahtpy; milf;fyk; Nfhupa vkJ kf;fs; thAk; ifAk; vd tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

ey;y FbapUg;Gf;fs;> ey;y Fbjz;zPH> fopg;giw> caH fy;tp> njhopy; Nghd;w mbg;gil trjpfs; NghjpasT ,y;yhky; my;yy;gLfpwhHfs;. 

Kfhik tpl;Lg; Nghff; $lhJ> Nghtnjd;why; fhty;Jiwapd; Kd; mDkjp ngwNtz;Lk;.

,g;NghJ jpKf Ml;rp ,e;j kf;fSf;F mbg;gil trjpfis ey;yKiwapy; nra;J nfhLf;f vLj;J tUk; eltbf;iffs; kdJf;F MWjyhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

rpWj;ijfs; mikg;G vk;vy;V jpU. b. utpf;FkhH jkpof Kjy;tH fUzhdpjp Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ljd; Ngupy; Kfhk;fisg; ghHitapl;L mtuplk; jdJ mwpf;ifia  ifaspj;Js;shH. jpU. utpFkhiu  jdJ mwpf;ifapy; Kfhk;fspy; thOk; <oj; jkpoHfs; kdpjhgpkhdj;NjhL ruptuf; ftdpf;fg;  gLtjpy;iy vd;Wk; mtHfSf;fhd 103 Kfhk;fspy; mbg;gil trjp ,y;iy vdf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH. fhl;Lkd;dhH Nfhapy; rl;lrigj; njhFjpapy; thOk; 61 Vjpypfs; FLk;gq;fSf;F rupahd FbapUg;Gf;fs; ,y;iy> mtHfs; nghypjPdhy; Ntag;gl;l nfhl;by;fspy; itf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwhHfs; vdf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH. NkYk; tq;fhsNjrk; kw;Wk; ikdkhH ehLfisr; NrHe;j Vjpypfs; ,e;jpa ntspehl;bd; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; tUtjhfNt fUjg;gLfpwhHfs;.  mtHfs; Vjpypfshff; fUjg;gLtjpy;iy. mwpf;ifapd; KO tpguk; ,d;Dk; ntspaplg; gltpy;iy. 

Kjy;tH fUzhepjp jkpo; ehl;L mikr;rHfshd Rg jq;fNtyd; kw;Wk; Nf.MH. ngupafUg;gd; ,UtiuAk; ,e;j Kfhk;fisAk; mq;F FbapUj;jg;gl;bUf;Fk; kf;fspd; tho;f;if trjpfisisAk; Muha;e;J  ghHj;J mwpf;if jUkhW Nfl;bUe;jhH. RkhH 3>200 NgH thOk; ,uhNkRtuk; kz;lgj;ijr; Rw;wpg; ghHj;j mikr;rHfs; jq;fs; mwpf;ifia Kjy;tuplk; nfhLj;Js;shHfs;.

jkpoPo Vjpypfisg; nghWj;jstpy; vk;[pMH Kjyikr;ruhf ,Ue;j fhye;jhd; (1977-1987) nghw;fhyk;. nghwpapay; fy;Yhup> kUj;Jtf; fy;Yhupfs; kw;Wk; gy;ffisf; fofq;fspy; caH fy;tp fw;f <oj; jkpoUf;F ,l xJf;fPL nra;jpUe;jhH. xUKiw kUj;Jt khztHfs; NjHTf;F cUgh 3>000 fl;Ltjpy; cs;s tpy;yq;fj;ij mtUf;F Neupy; nrd;W Kiwapl;l NghJ mjid cUgh 30 Mff; Fiwj;j nrk;kdr;nrk;ky; vk;[pMH MhthH. ,e;j xg;GuT vy;NyhUf;Fk; tuhJ!

fiyQH fUzhepjp fhyj;jpYk; (1989-1991> 1995-2001) me;jg; nghw;fhyk; njhlHe;jJ. Mdhy; jkpoiuj; jdJ guk;giu vjpupahfj; ghHf;Fk; n[ayypjhtpd; Ml;rpapy; (1991-1995> 2001- Nk 2006) <oj;jkpoHfSf;F mspf;fg;gl;bUe;j fy;tp tha;g;Gf;fs; trjpfs; ahTk; gpLq;fg;gl;ld!

jkpof muR ,e;j kf;fis Vjpypfshfg; ghHf;fhky; mtHfis cld;gpwg;Gf;fshff; fUjp mtHfSf;F mbg;gil trjpfis nra;J nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. Njrpa ghJfhg;G vd;w NghHitapy; fhty;Jiw nfhLf;Fk; neUf;Fthuq;fs; epWj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j kf;fisg; ghJfhf;Fk; nghWg;G VjpypfSf;fhd maad;dh mikg;gplk; ifaspf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Fiwe;jgl;rk; mtHfsJ epjp cjtpiaahtJ ngw Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j kf;fSf;F cjTtjw;F Nkw;F ehLfSf;Fg; Gyk;ngaHe;J trjpahf thOk; jkpo; kf;fSk; Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;tJ mtHfsJ jhHkPff; flikahFk;. mtHfs; kdk; itj;jhy; ,e;j kf;fspd; tho;tpy; XusthtJ xspNaw;wp itf;f KbAk;. mtHfsJ Jd;gr; Rikia epr;rak; Fiwf;f KbAk;.  mtHfs; Nfl;gJ mbg;gil trjpfs;. njhiyf;fhl;rp> thndhyp> njhiyNgrp> fzpdp Nghd;w etPd trjpfs; my;y.

Gyk;ngaHe;j jkpoHfspy; fzprkhd tpOf;fhL jq;fsJ gpwe;j kz;izAk; kf;fisAk; kwe;J tpl;lhHfs; my;yJ tpiuthf kwe;J tUfpwhHfs;.

mq;F vq;fsJ nrhe;jq;fs; gl;bdp fple;J grpahy; nkype;J nte;J rhFk; NghJ ,q;Nf nfhz;lhl;lk;> xd;W$ly;> el;rj;jpu ,uT vd $j;Jg; ghl;L  Fk;khsk; NghLfpwhHfs;. gpwe;jtpohTf;F 10>000> jpUkzj;Jf;F 25>000> mWgjhz;L  jpUkzj;Jf;F 40>000 nlhyH vdg; gzj;ij jz;zPHNghyr; nrytopf;fpwhHfs;. mg;gbahd nfhz;lhl;lq;fspy; my;yy;gLk; vkJ kf;fSf;Fk; xU 100 nlhyHfs; MtJ nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w kdk; mtHfSf;F ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

Mdhy; mUr;rid> G+ir> nfhbNaw;wk;> NjH> jPHj;jk;> jpUtpoh Nghd;wtw;Wf;F kl;Lk; ms;spf; nfhLf;fpwhHfs;. ,jdhy; gf;jpia thzpfkhf;fpatHfs; NfhBRtuHfshf khwp tUfpwhHfs;. mijtplf; nfhLik ,q;Nf jkpo;khdNkh  ,dkhdNkh ,y;yhj jkpo;ehl;L ebif ebfHfisg; ngUk; nghUl;nrytpy; kypthd nghOJ Nghf;Ff;fhf ,wf;Fkjp nra;J Neuj;ijg; ghohf;FfpwhHfs;. gzj;ijf; fupahf;FfpwhHfs;. 

kz; tpLjiyngw;W vk; kf;fs; Rje;jpukhfTk; epk;kjpahfTk; thOk; fhyk; tUk; tiuahtJ  ,j;jifa kypthd nghOJ Nghf;ifg; Gwf;fzpf;f jkpo;khdk; ,dkhdk; jd;khdk; tpLjiyj; jhfk; epiwe;j jkpoHfs; Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;.

vq;fs; jhaf cwTfsJ my;yy;fs; jw;fhypfkhdit. vkJ kz; tpiutpy; tpLtpf;fg;gLk;. mg;NghJ jkpo;ehl;by; thOk; vq;fs; cld;gpwg;Gf;fs; vy;NyhUk; ehL jpUk;GthHfs;. ehL jpUk;gp Rje;jpuf; fhw;iwr; Rthrpg;ghHfs;. me;j kz;zpy; kPz;Lk; NtH tpLthHfs;. (gugug;G - a+iy 14> 2006)

 


 

jpNgj; kPjhd ,Uk;Gg; gpbia rPdh ,Wf;FfpwJ

 

ef;fPud;

 

nrd;w A+iy 3 Mk; ehs; gPf;fpq;fpy; ,Ue;J jpNgj;jpd; jiyefH yhrhTf;F xU tpiuTj; njhlHtz;b kzpj;jpahyj;Jf;F 120 fpkP Ntfj;jpy; Xlj; njhlq;fpaJ.  vz;zp 24 kzpj;jpahyr; nryTf;Fg; (gazj;Jf;Fg;) gpd;dH mJ Ngha;r; NruNtz;ba ,lj;Jf;F miuthrpj; njhiyNt nrd;wpUe;jJ!

 

,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lj;Jf;Fr; nrythd gzk; 450 Nfhb (A $4.5 billion) mnkupf;f nlhyHfshFk;. ,e;jj; jpl;lj;ij epiwNtw;w 100>000 njhopyhsHfs; ,uT gfy; Ntiy nra;jhHfs;. mjpy; 10>000 NgH jpNgj;jpaHfs;.

 

,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lk; rPdhTf;Fk; jpngj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; nfhz;L nry;yg;gLk; nghUl;fspd; $ypia 75 tpOf;fhL Fiwf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. ,J ehs; tiuAk; nghUl;fis kiyg;ghq;fhd gFjp Clhfr; nry;Yk; neLQ;rhiy topahf buf; tz;bfspy; nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;bapUe;jJ. ,e;j neLQ;rhiy ngUk;ghYk; gdp my;yJ kz; rupthy; milgl;Lg; Ngha;tpLk;. ,J thzpfr; nryitg; gyklq;F mjpfupj;jJ.

 

ma;e;J fpkP ePsKs;s gy fztha;fisj; jhz;br; nry;Yk; ,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;b nghUl;fis kl;Lky;y ngupastpy; rPdHfis jpNgj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L nrd;W FbNaw;wTk; jpNgj;jpauJ jdpj;Jtkhd gTj;j gz;ghl;il nkypdg;gLj;jTk; Rw;Wr;#oiy khRgLj;jTk; top jpwe;J tpLk; vd murpay; Nehf;fHfs; mr;rk; njuptpf;fpwhHfs;. mtHfspd; fUj;Jg;gb ,e;jj; njhlHtz;bapdhy; tpisAk; nghUshjhu ed;ikfs; ngUk;ghYk; rPdf; FbNaw;wf;fhuHfisNa nrd;wilAk; vd;fpwhHfs;.

 

cyfpy; ghtg;gl;l ,dq;fspd; gl;baiyj; ahuhtJ jahupj;jhy; mjpy; jpNgj;jpaHfs;jhd; Kjyplj;ijg; gpbj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;.

 

rPdhtpy; 1949 Mk; Mz;L khNr Jq;fpd; jiyikapyhd nghJTlikg; Gul;rp ntw;wp fz;lJ. mjw;F mLj;j Mz;L (1950)  nrQ;rPdhtpd; gilfs; jpNgj; kPJ gilnaLj;J mjid vjpHg;gpd;wp vspjpy; ifg;gw;wpf; nfhz;lJ. md;wpypUe;J ,d;Wtiu jpNgj; rPd ehl;bd; ,Uk;Gg; gpbapy; rpf;fpj; jtpf;fpwJ.

 

mjw;F nrQ;rl;ilf; fhuHfs; nrhd;d fhuzk; “jpNgj; rPdhtpd; xU gFjpahf gy Ehw;whz;L fhyk; ,Ue;jJ”  vd;gJjhd;.  Mdhy; cz;ik mJty;y. tuyhw;wpy; jpNgj; Rje;jpu ehlhfg; gy Ehw;whz;L fhyk; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lk; epiwNtwpaJ rPdhtpd; njhopy; El;gj;Jf;F xU ntw;wpahFk;. fle;j 2001 Mk; Mz;by;jhd; rPd ehl;Lg; nghwpapayhsHfs; ,e;jj; jpl;lk; rhj;jpakhdNj vdr; nrhd;dhHfs;. jz;lthsj;ij GJkhjpupahf mikj;Js;shHfs;.

 

caur;  nryT nra;Ak; NghJ Vw;gLk; capHf;fhw;wpd; gw;whf; Fiwiar; rkhspf;f nrwpT+l;lg;gl;l capHf;fhw;W trjpfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. njhlHtz;bapd; ,Wjpf; fl;lr; nrytpy; flf;f Ntz;ba (Golnud – Lhasa) jq;Fy;yh vd;w fzthiaf; flf;Fk; NghJ ntspehl;by; ,Ue;J ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l %d;W General Electric ae;jpuq;fs; Nkyjpfkhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,e;jf; fztha; 4>990 kPl;lH cauk; cs;sJ.    

rPdhtpd; tpaj;jF nghUshjhu tsHr;rpjhd; ,k;khjpupahd jpl;lj;ij Nkw;nfhs;s toprikf;fpwJ. rPdh mz;zsthf Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 10 tpOf;fhL nghUshjhu tsHr;rpiaf; fz;L tUfpwJ. jpNgj;jpd; nrd;w Mz;L nghUshjhu tsHr;rp 12 tpOf;fhL vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. ,J xU rhjidahFk;.

 

thzpfj;ijAk; tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bfisAk; gad;gLj;jp Nkw;Nf cs;s kq;Nfhypahtpd; cl;gFjp kw;Wk; K];ypk;fs; ngUk;ghd;ikahf thOk; rpq;[pahq; (Xingiang)  epyg;gug;Gf;fis rPd fk;A+dp];l; muR jdJ  gpbf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fpwJ. rpq;[pahq; epyg;gug;G kf;fs; jdpehL Nfhupg; Nghuhb tUfpwhHfs; vd;gJ ,q;f Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

 

 

fle;j gy rfhg;jq;fshf rPdHfs; jpNgj;jpy; FbNawp tUfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; thDhHjpr; nryT xWg;ghf ,Ug;gjhYk; Ng&e;Jg; gazk; vYk;ig Kwpg;gjhYk; FbNaWNthH vz;zpf;if Fiwthf ,Ue;jJ. ,d;W ,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lk; me;jj; jilia ntFthff; Fiwj;J tpl;lJ.

 

njhlHtz;br; rPl;Lf;fs; 55 m. nlhyUf;F tpw;gid MfpwJ. gLf;iff;F 175 m. nlhyH nrythfpwJ.

 

njhlH tz;bapy; nryT nra;j jpNgj;jpaHfs; kfpo;r;rp njuptpj;jhHfs;. mJ cz;ikahd kfpo;r;rpah my;yJ cld; nryT nra;j rPd ntspAwT mjpfhupfSf;F mQ;rp mg;gb ebj;jhHfsh vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

 

njhlHtz;bapy; nryT nra;j xU 23 mfit epiwe;j jpNgj; khztH ,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lj;jhy; jpNgj;Jf;Fg; gy nghUshjhu ed;ikfs; fpilf;Fk; vd ek;gpf;if njuptpj;jhH. ,e;j khztH gPf;fpq; gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; jdJ gl;lg; gbg;ig Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L jpNgj;Jf;Fj; jpUk;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH.  NkYk; mtH NgRifapy; “vq;fSf;F ,Uf;Fk; ngupa rpf;fy; Nghf;F tuj;jhFk;. ,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bg; ghij jpwg;ghy; Gjpa thzpfj;Jf;F mjpf tha;g;G  ,Uf;Fk; vd;whH.

 

,Nj rkak; epA+ NahHf; efuj;ij ikakhff; nfhz;L ,aq;Fk; jpNgj; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhd khztH mikg;G (Students for a Free Tibet) ,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lj;Jf;F vjpHg;Gf; fhl;Lk; Kfkhf vy;NyhUk; fUg;Gg; gl;bay; mzpAkhW Ntz;L Nfhs; tpLj;Js;sJ.

 

“Students for a Free Tibet, based in New York, set up a website urging people to wear black armbands to protest the rail project, as "a tool Beijing will use to overwhelm (the) Tibetan population. We reject the railway just as we reject China's illegitimate rule in Tibet,"

 

“njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lk; jpNgj;jpy; rPdHfs; mjpfsT FbNaWtij Jupjg;gLj;j xU fUtpahf ,Uf;fg; NghfpwJ. rPdh jpNgj; kPJ nrYj;Jk; rl;ltpNuhj Ml;rpia ehk; epuhfupf;fg;gJ Nghy; ,e;j tpiuTj; njhlHtz;bj; jpl;lj;ijAk; epuhfupf;fpNwhk;” vd me;j khztH mikg;G mJ epWtpa ,izjsk; %yk; njuptpj;Js;sJ.    

 

rPdh jpNgj; kPJ gilnaLj;Jj; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;by; mjidf; nfhz;L te;jNghJ cyfpd; ve;jnthU ehLk; rPdhitj; jl;bf; Nfl;ftpy;iy. mz;il ehlhd ,e;jpah rup> cyf ty;yuRfspy; (md;W) xd;whd mnkupf;fh rup ,uz;Lk; thiyr; RUl;b itj;Jf; nfhz;L tpl;ld. vd;d fhuzk;?

 

rPdhTk; xU rz;bad; vd;gNj fhuzkhFk;. mnkupf;fh Nghd;w ty;yuR jd;idtplg; gyk; Fiwe;j my;yJ ,isj;j ehLfisg; ghHj;Jj;jhd; rz;ilf;Fg; NghfpwJ.

 

NkYk; mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfs; tp.Gypfs;> `kh]; Nghd;w tpLjiy ,af;fq;fisg; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHj;Js;sd.

Nfl;lhy; rpf;fy; vJthf ,Ue;jhYk; mjpy; epahak; ,Ue;jhYk;  MAjk; vLj;Jg; Nghuhl ve;jnthU ,af;fj;Jf;Fk; cupik ,y;iy vd;fpd;wd.

 

vy;yhtw;iwAk; mikjp topapy; Ngrpj; jPHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. “tp.Gypfs; td;Kiwiag;  Ngr;rpYk; nraypYk; iftpl;L kf;fshl;rpf;Fj; jpUk;g Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbj; jpUk;gpdhy; kl;LNk mtHfisg; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; ,Ue;J ePf;FtJ gw;wp mnkupf;fh MuhAk;” vd mnkupf;f ,uhrje;jpupfs; XahJ xopahJ Ngrp tUfpwhHfs;. xU thjj;Jf;F xU fzk; mjid xg;Gf;nfhs;SNthk;.

 

jpNgj; ehl;bd; Md;kPfj; jiytH jyha; yhkh fle;j 56 Mz;Lfshf mfpk;ir topapy; jdJ ehl;bd; tpLjiyf;Fg; ghLgl;L tUfpwhH. Mapuf;fzf;fhd jpNgj;jpaHfs; mfjpfshf ,e;jpah> Neg;ghsk; Nghd;w mz;il ehLfspy; tho;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; Md;kPfj; jiytH jyha; yhkhtpd; mfpk;irg; Nghuhl;lk; ntw;wpngwtpy;iy. ntw;wpngWk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifAk; ,y;iy.

 

xU Nfhb jpNgj; ehl;L kf;fs; ,dj;jhy; kjj;jhy; nkhopahy; gz;ghl;lhy; NtWgl;ltHfs;. xU fhyj;jpy; rPdhtpd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; me;j ehL rpf;Fz;bUe;jhYk; ,d;W me;j ehl;L kf;fs; Rje;jpukhf tho tpUk;GfpwhHfs;. Vd; mJ Kbahky; ,Uf;fpwJ?

 

MAjj;ijj; Jhf;fhNj td;Kiw topiaf; iftpL vd;W nrhy;Yk; mnkupf;fh Nghd;w ty;yuR jpNgj;jpd; tpLjiyf;F Vd; xU JUk;igf; $lj; Jhf;fpg; Nghltpy;iy?

 

mnkupf;fh rPdhit vjpHf;fhjJ kl;Lky;y mNjhL cwit tsHj;Jf; nfhs;sTk; KjyPL nra;aTk;  thzpfj;ij tpUj;jp nra;aTk; xw;iwf; fhypy; epw;fpwJ!

mnkupf;f thDhHjp  jahupg;G epWtdkhd Nghapq; (Boeing  Company) ,e;j Mz;L rPdhtpw;F vz;gJ 737 uf thDhHjpfis tpw;f  xg;ge;jk; nra;Js;sJ. ,tw;wpd; ngWkjp 460 Nfhb (A$4.6 billion) mnkupf;f nlhyHfshFk;! ,e;j xg;ge;jk; fle;j nehntk;gH khjk; rPdhtpw;F vOgJ 737  Nghapq; thDhHjpfis tpw;gjw;F  vOjg;gl;l xg;ge;jj;ij tpl NtwhdJ MFk;.  

mLj;j rpy Mz;Lfspy; Nghapq; epWtdk; rPdhtpw;F 1970 Nfhb m. nlhyH ngWkjpahd nkhj;jk; 2>400 thDhHjpfis tpw;fyhk; vd vjpHghHf;fpwJ. 

rPdh 2300 Nfhb ngWkjpahd mnkupf;f jpiwr;Nrup Jz;Lfspy; ( Treasury Notes) KjyPL nra;Js;sJ.

,g;NghJ nrhy;Yq;fs; rPdhTld; thzpfkh jpNgj;jpd; Rje;jpukh vd te;jhy; mnkupf;fhtpd; njupT vg;gb ,Uf;Fk;?

,d;W jpNgj; kPjhd rPdhtpd; ,Uk;Gg; gpb ,WFfpwJ. jpNgj;jpaHfSf;F vg;NghJ Rje;juk; vd;gJ 56 Mz;Lfs; fopj;Jk; Nfs;tpf;FwpahfNt ,Uf;fpwJ!  (cyfj;jkpoH - Aiy 06>2006)

 

 


 

 

Nfhopf; FQ;Rfisg; ghJfhf;f ahuhtJ eupaplk; NgRthHfsh?

 

ef;fPud;

 

jkpof Ml;rp mjpfhuj;ijg; gpbj;jpUf;Fk; Kjy;tH fUzhepjp ,g;NghJ xU Gjpa gy;ytpiag; ghlj; njhlq;fpAs;shH.

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; rup> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; rup ,uz;bYk; ,e;jpa kj;jpa murpd; nfhs;if my;yJ epiyg;ghL vJNth mJjhd; jpKf tpd; nfhs;if vd;gNj mtH ghLk; Gjpa gy;ytp MFk;.

 

“tlf;F tho;fpwJ njw;Fj; Nja;fpwJ” “vg;gf;fk; te;jpLk; ,e;jp mJ vj;jid gl;lhsk; $l;btUk;” vd;w Kof;fq;fis vOg;gp Ml;rpf;F te;j jpKf ,d;W tlf;Nf nfjp vd;W fplg;gJ xU Nrhf tuyhWjhd;.

 

nrd;w A+d; 16> 2006 md;W  jkpoPo tpLjiy MjuthsH xUq;fpizg;Gf; FO nrd;idapYk; khtl;lj; jiyefuq;fspYk; Mu;g;ghl;lq;fs; elj;jpaJ. nrd;idapy; jkpoH Njrpa ,af;fj;jpd; jiytH jpU. go.neLkhwd; kw;Wk; tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; mikg;gpd; nghJr; nrayH njhy;. jpUkhtstd; jiyikapYk; kJiuapy; kjpKf nghJr; nrayH itNfh jiyikapYk; jQ;irapy; jkpo;ehL nghJTlikf; fl;rpj; jiytH NjhoH kzpaurd; jiyikapYk; ,e;j MHg;ghl;lk; eil ngw;wJ.

 

,e;j MHg;ghl;lk; ,uz;L Kf;fpa Nfhupf;iffis Kd;itj;J elj;jg;gl;ld.

 

1)      ,e;jpa ehlhSkd;w midj;Jf;fl;rp cWg;gpdu;fisf; nfhz;l J}Jf; FOit ,yq;ifj; jkpou; gFjpf;F mDg;gp> cz;ik epiytuj;ij mwpe;Jtur; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

 

2)      rpq;fs murpd; gpujpepjpfisr; re;jpj;Jg; NgRk; ,e;jpag; gpujku; ,yq;if 
ehlhSkd;wj; jkpo; cWg;gpdu;fisAk; re;jpj;Jg; Ngr Ntz;Lk;.

 

,e;j MHg;ghl;lj;jpy; ghl;lhsp kf;fs; fl;rp fye;J nfhs;tjhf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; filrp Neuj;jpy; ghkf MHg;ghl;lj;jpy; fye;J nfhs;shJ vd;W kUj;JtH ,uhkjh]; mwpf;if %yk; njuptpj;J tpl;L tpyfpf; nfhz;lhH.  MHg;ghl;lj;jpy; fye;J nfhs;shjjw;F rpy murpay; fhuzq;fs; ,Ug;gjhf kUj;JtH ,uhkjh]; $wpdhH. me;jf; fhuzq;fs; vit vd;gij mtH tpsf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; me;j murpay; fhuzq;fs; vd;dntd;gJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupe;jJjhd;.

 

Kjy;tH fUzhepjp nfhLj;j mOj;jk; jhd; kUj;JtH ,uhkjh]; MHg;ghl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J tpyfpf; nfhz;ljw;fhd fhuzk; MFk;. ,e;jpa murpd; epiyg;ghL vJNth mJjhNd Kjy;tH fUzhepjpapd; epiyg;ghL!

 

jkpoPo MjuthsH xUq;fpizg;Gf; FO Kd;itj;j Nfhupf;iffs; ,e;jpa murpd; ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifapy; jiyapLtjhFk; vdf; fUzhepjp epidj;jhH. mJ njhlHghfj; mtiur; re;jpj;j rpyUf;F me;jf; Nfhupf;iffSf;F jd;dhy; MjuT juKbahJ vd;W Kfj;jpy; mbj;jhy;NghyNt nrhy;yp tpl;lhH.

 

,g;NghJ ,e;jpa muR =yq;fh ,uhZtj;Jf;F cs;Supy; jahupj;j ,uz;L uhlH fUtpfis md;gspg;ghff; nfhLj;Js;sJ. mjidf; fz;bj;J kjpKf> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs;> ghkf Nghd;w fl;rpfs; mwpf;if ntspapl;ld.

 

Fwpg;ghf kUj;JtH ,uhkjh]; ,e;jpa eLtz; muirg; gykhff; fz;bj;Js;shH. =yq;fhtpw;F uhlHfs; md;gspg;Gr; nra;tJ jkpoHfisf; nfhy;yNt gad;gLk;; vd;Wk; mjid epWj;JkhWk; ,e;jpag; gpujkiuf; Nfl;Ls;shH.

 

,e;jpah uhlH fUtpfis =yq;fh gilf;F md;gspg;Gr; nra;jij fUzhepjp fz;bf;ftpy;iy. mJ gw;wp mtH kTdk; rhjpj;J tUfpwhH. fUzhepjp ntspg;gilahf kj;jpa muir tpkHr;rpf;f Kd;tuhjjw;Ff; fhuzk; mtuJ Ml;rp rpW ghd;ik muR>  fhq;fpu]; fl;rpapd; Mjutpy; jq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W rpyH nrhy;fpwhHfs;. mg;gbg; ghHj;jhy; kj;jpapy; fhq;fpu]; Ml;rpAk; jpKftpd; Mjutpy; jq;fp ,Uf;Fk; rpWghd;ik muRjhd;!

 

fle;j fhyj;jpYk; ,e;jpah =yq;fhtpw;F Aj;jf; fg;gy;fs;> cyq;F thDhHjpfs; Nghd;wtw;iw tpw;gid nra;jpUf;fpwJ. tpw;wgpd; gilapdUf;Fg; gapw;rpAk; toq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; =yq;fh ,uhZt caH mjpfhupfSf;F ,e;jpa ghJfhg;G fy;Yhupfspy; gapw;rp mspf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. NkYk; ,uhZt Gydha;Tj; jfty;fis ,e;jpa ,uhZtk; =yq;fh gilapdUf;Ff; nfhLj;J cjTfpwJ. tp.Gypfspd; thzpff; fg;gy;fs; gd;dhl;L fly;gug;gpy; itj;J =yq;fh flw;gilahy; jfHfg;gl;ljw;F %y fhuzk; ,e;jpa flw;gilapd; fz;fhzpg;Gk; mJ nfhLj;J cjtpa Gydha;Tj; jfty;fSk;jhd;.

 

Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiag; nghWj;jstpy; tp.Gypfs; gw;wpa kdj;jlq;fy; mtUf;F vk;[pMH fhye;njhl;Nl ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. n[apd; Mizf;FO Kd; rhl;rpak; mspj;j fUzhepjp 1986 ,y; nuNyh ,af;fj; jiytH rghuj;jpdk; nfhy;yg;gl;l ehs; njhlf;fk; jhd; tp.Gypfis vjpHj;J tUtjhfr; nrhd;dhH.

 

jkpoPo kf;fSf;fhf ,uz;L Kiw Ml;rpia ,oe;Njd; vdf; fUzhepjp NkilNjhWk; nrhy;yp tUfpwhH. ,jpy; ghjp cz;ik ghjp ngha; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

1991 Mk; Mz;L rdtup khjk; n[apd; Mizf;FO mwpf;ifiar; rhl;lhf  itj;Jf; nfhz;L re;jpuNrfuH muR jpKf Ml;rpiaf; fiyj;jJ. me;jf; fiyg;Gf;Fg; gpd;dzpapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytH uh[Pt; fhe;jp  nray;gl;lhH. re;jpuNrfuJ muir ntspapy; ,Ue;J Mjupj;Jf; nfz;bUe;j ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; mtuJ Ml;rpia ePl;bf;f tpUk;gtpy;iy. fiyg;Gf;F mJjhd; cz;ikahd fhuzk; MFk;.

 

1991 ,y; ele;j jkpo;ehL rl;lrigj;  NjHjypy; uh[pt; fhe;jp nfhiyf;F jpKf jhd; fhuzk; vd;W mjpKTk; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpAk; ngha;g; gug;Giu nra;jd. mjd; tpisthf jpKf NjHjypy; ,uz;L njhFjpfs; ePq;fyhf vQ;rpa njhFjpfs; midj;jpYk; Njhy;tpiaj; jOtpaJ.

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ijj; njhlf;fj;jpy; gykhf Mjupj;j fUzhepjp gpd;dH me;j epiyg;ghl;by; ,Ue;J gbg;gbahf gpd;thq;fpf; nfhz;lhH.

 

fUzhepjp vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytuhf ,Ue;jNghJ 1986 Mk; Mz;L kJiuapy; jkpoPo MjuthsH khehnlhd;iw gpukhjkhf elhj;jpf; fhl;bdhH. Kd;dhs;  gpujkH th[;gha; me;j khehl;by; fye;Jnfhz;L tPuhNtrkhf ciuahw;wpdhH.

 

Mdhy;; 1996 Mk; Mz;L fUzhepjp Kjyikr;ruhf te;jgpd; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; jilnra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W by;ypf;Fg; gupe;Jiu nra;jhH!

 

"nrf; - rpNyhtf; kzKwpTNghy jkpoPok; -rpq;fs<ok; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; kzKwpT Ntz;Lk;" vd;W xU Ntfj;jpy; 2000 Mk; Mz;L $wpdhH. Mdhy; mjw;F vjpHg;Gf; fpsk;gpaJk; gpd;thq;fp tpl;lhH.

 

Kunrhyp khwd; capNuhL ,Ue;j NghJ fUzhepjp mtHjhd; jdJ; “kdl;rhl;rp” vdf; $wpf; nfhz;lhH. jpKf tpy; khwDf;F mbkl;lj; njhz;lHfsJ MjuT  ,y;yhj NghJk; fUzhepjpapd; kUkfd; vd;w Kiwapy; mtH nry;thf;NfhL ,Ue;jhH.  khwDf;F tp.Gypfisg; gpbf;fhJ. mjdhy; fUzhepjpf;Fk; gpbf;fhJ Ngha;tpl;lJ.  xU Kiw Kunrhyp khwd; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; NgRk;NghJ; ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;ij mDg;gp gpughfuid gpbj;J te;J Jhf;fpy; Nghl Ntz;Lk; vd;W murpay; Nfhkhsp  Rg;gpukzpad; Rthkp ghzpapy; Nfhgj;NjhL NgrpdhH.

 

,yq;ifr; rpf;fy; Fwpj;J tpthjpf;ff; $l;lg;gl;l jpKf $l;lzpf; fl;rpf; $l;lj;jpy; ,e;jpa eLtz; muR jiyapl;L mq;F mikjpia Vw;gLj;j topfhz Ntz;Lk; vd;w  jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ. mjidj; njhlHe;J fUzhepjp gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq;NfhL njhiyNgrpapy; fijj;jhH. gpujkH Kjy;tNuhL fye;J Ngrpj; jPHkhdj;jpy; typAWj;jg;gl;l tplaq;fis fUj;jpy; nfhz;L ,yq;ifapy; mikjpahd #o;epiy cUthf Mtd nra;Nthk; vdf; $wpdhH. mjw;fhf gpujkupd; Njrpa ghJfhg;g MNyhrfH vk;.Nf. ehuhazidr; nrd;idf;F mDg;gp itg;gjhfTk; gpujkH njuptpj;jhH.

 

jPtpu tp.Gyp vjpHg;ghsUk; fLk;Nghf;fhsUk; Md xUtH vj;jifa tpsf;fj;ij eLtz; muR rhHghf fUzepjpf;F toq;fg; NghfpwhH?

 

,ij vOJk; NghJ ehuhazd; ,d;Dk; nrd;id nry;ytpy;iy. mtH  rPdhNthL vy;iyf; NfhLfs; gw;wpg;  Ngr;R thHj;ij elj;j gPq;fpq;  nrd;Ws;sjhfj; njupfpwJ. xU Kf;fpa tplaj;jpy; eLtz; muR khepy Kjy;tUf;Ff; nfhLf;Fk; kupahij ,Jjhd;.

 

ehuhzaDf;F Kd;dH Njrpa ghJfhg;G Mnyhrfuhf ,Ue;jtH N[.vd;..bf;rpw; MthH. mtH gjtpapy; ,Ue;j NghNj ,we;J NghdhH. mg;NghJ ehuhazd; gpujkupd; cs;sf ghJfhg;G rpwg;G MNyhrfuhf ,Ue;jhH. clNd bf;rpw;wpd; ,lj;ij epug;g mtuJ CHf;fhuuhd ehuhazd; epakpf;fg;gl;lhH. Njrpa ghJfhg;G MNyhrfH vd;w Kiwapy; mtH Njrpa ghJfhg;G mitapYk; cWg;gpduhf ,Uf;fpwhH.  

 

ehuhazd; gpujkupd; cs;sf ghJfhg;G rpwg;G Mnyhrfuhf epakdk; nra;ag;gL Kd;dH Gydha;T mikg;gpd; ,af;Feuhf ,Ue;jhH. mtuJ Mnyhridapd; Ngupy;jhd; 1991 ,y; jpKf muR fiyf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

gpujkupd; MNyhrfH vd;w Kiwapy; Gydha;T mikg;Gk; NwhTk; ehuhazDf;Nf  jkJ juTfis mDg;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

fle;j  fhyj;jpy; ehuhazd;  tp.Gypfisf; fLikahf tpkHr;rpj;Jf; fl;Liufis vOjpapUf;fpwhH. mtH Njrpa ghJfhg;G MNyhrfuhf epakdk; nra;ag;gl;l gpd;dNu tp.GypfSf;F vjpuhd czHtiyfs; jkpo;ehl;by; KLf;fptplg;gl;ld.

 

jkpo;ehL Kjyikr;rH n[ayypjhtpd; capUf;F tp.Gypfshy; Mgj;J vd cs;Jiw mikr;R 2001 Mk; Mz;bd; gpw;gFjpapy; jkpo;ehL muRf;F mwptpj;jJ. ,jd; gpd;dzpapy; ehuhazdpd; iftz;zk; ,Ue;jJ! mJ kl;Lky;y cs;Jiw mikr;rpd; 2004-2005 Mz;lwpf;if “ tp.Gypfs; vupnghUs;> Bry; kw;Wk; kUe;J Nghd;wtw;iwf;  flj;Jtjw;F jkpo;ehl;ilj; njhlHe;J xU jskhfg; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;. ,J ,e;jpahtpd; eyd;fSf;Fg; ghjfkhdJ….” vdf; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jJ. mjw;F Ke;jpa Mz;L mt;thwhd Fwpg;G vJTk; Mz;lwpf;ifapy; fhzg;gltpy;iy. tp.GypfSf;F khwhd fUj;Jf;fs; Mz;lwpf;ifapy; fhzg;gLtjw;F ehuhazNd fhuzk; vd jpy;yp murpay; tl;lhuq;fs; vz;Zfpd;wd.

 

,uh[pt; fhe;jp nfhiy tof;if tprhupj;j n[apd; Mizf;FOtpd; Kd;  nehntk;gH 03> 1996 md;W Gydha;T mikg;gpd; ,af;FeH vd;w Kiwapy; rhl;rpak;  mspj;j ehuhazd; “mrhk; ma;f;fpa tpLjiy Kd;dzpg; (The United Liberation Front of Assam)  NghuhspfSf;F  ntbkUe;J ntbg;gJ gw;wpa gapw;rpia tp.Gypfs; toq;FfpwhHfs; vd;gJ vq;fSf;Fj; njupAk;…..” vdf; fij nrhy;yp ,Ue;jhH. mrhk; vq;Nf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ tp.GypfSf;Fj; njupAkh vd;gJ Nfs;tpf; Fwp. tp.Gypfs; fly; fly; fle;J ,e;jpahtpd; tl- fpof;F vy;iyapy; cs;s epyg;gug;Gf;F vg;gbg; Nghf KbAk;? mJ rhj;jpakh? Mdhy; ehuhazd; Nghd;wtHfs; ,g;gbahd fl;Lf;fijfisg; Gide;J jq;fs; vrkhdHfshd murpay;thjpfis Vkhw;WfpwhHfs;.

 

=yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,e;jpa muRf;Fk; ,ytr MNyhrid toq;Ftjw;F ,e;jpahtpy; xU vl;lg;gd; $l;lNk ,Uf;fpwJ. gy;NtW fUj;JUthf;fj; Jiwfspy; gzpGupAk; ,tHfs; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;F vjpuhfTk; mtHfs; jiyik jhq;Fk; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;Ff; fsq;fk; fw;gpf;Fk; tifapYk; ,y;yhjijAk; nghy;yhjijAk; nrhy;ypAk; vOjpAk; tUfpwhHfs;.

 

,tHfspy; Nfzy; MH. `upfud; vd;gtUk; xUtH. ,tH jd;idj; jkpoH vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhs;tJjhd; tpag;ghd nra;jp. `upfud; jkpoPoj;Jf;Fr; nrd;w ,e;jpa mikjpg; gilapy; caH Gydha;T mjpfhupahfg; gzpahw;wpatH. Xa;T ngw;w gpd;dH tp.Gypfis vg;gbj; Njhw;fbf;fyhk; vdf; fl;Liufs; %yk; =yq;fhtpw;F ,ytr MNyhrid ey;fp tUfpwhH. mtH mz;ikapy; vOjpAs;s fl;Liuapy; ,e;jpah ,uhZt kl;lj;jpy; vd;ndd;d cjtpfis =yq;fhtpw;Ff; nfhLj;J cjt Ntz;Lk; vd;w ePz;l gl;bay; xd;iwf; nfhLj;Js;shH.  

 

“Neub ,uhZt jiyaPL jtpHj;J ,e;jpah (=yq;fhtpw;F) gy cjtpfisr; nra;ayhk;. Gydha;T> nra;jp gupkhw;wk;> cjpupg;ghfq;fis toq;fy;. NghHj;jsghlq;fs;> MAjq;fs;> ntbnghUl;fs; kw;Wk; =yq;fh ,uhZtj;Jf;F njhopy;El;g MjuT> guhkupg;G trjpfs;> =yq;fh tpkhdg;gilf;F ulhH MjuT> MAjq;fisf; flj;Jk; tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; fg;gy;fisf; ifg;gw;wp mtw;wpd; CLUTtijj; jLj;jy;> ma;aj;Jf;F ,lkhd gFjpfspy; thndhyp> nra;kjp kw;Wk; thd; fz;fhzpg;G Nghd;wtit mlq;Fk;. ,it tp.GypfSf;F xU njspthd vr;rupf;ifahf ,Uf;Fk;.” (Rediff ,izjsk;)

 

,e;jpah jkpoHfSf;F cjtp nra;a epidj;jhYk; ehuhazd; Nghd;w tp.Gyp vjpHg;Gg; G+rhupfs; tpil nfhLf;f khl;lhHfs;. ehuhazd; xU cWjpnra;ag;gl;l tp.Gyp vjpHg;ghsH vdj; njupe;Jk; kj;jpa muR mtiu mDg;gp itj;jpUg;gJ ntWk; fz;Jilg;Ng!

 

Nfhopf; FQ;Rfspd; ghJfhg;Gg; gw;wp eupaplk; ahuhtJ NgRthHfsh? jkpo;ehL Kjy;tH fiyQH fUzhepjp ,e;j cz;ikiag; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.  (gugug;G - A+iy 02> 2006

 


ghy];jPdpa kf;fisj; jz;bf;Fk; mnkupf;fh!
ef;fPud;

fle;j rdtup 23 ,y; ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mitf;F ele;j NjHjy; KbTfs; kj;jpa fpof;fpYk; mjw;F mg;ghYk; mjpHr;rp miyfis vOg;gpajhf Kd;dH vOjpapUe;Njd;.

 

nkhj;jk; 132 ,Uf;iffspy; 76 ,Uf;iffis `kh]; ,af;fk; ifg;gw;wpaJ.  NkYk; `kh]; MjuT toq;fpa 4 RNar;ir Ntl;ghHsHfs; ,e;jj; NjHjypy; ntw;wp ngw;wpUf;fpwhHfs;. ghj;jh mikg;Gf;F 45 ,lq;fspy; kl;LNk ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ. kpFjp ,lq;fis rpW fl;rpfs; ifg;gw;wpAs;sd.

 

mnkupf;fh Vida ehLfSf;F> Fwpg;ghf kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfSf;F> kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia Vw;Wkjp nra;tij jdJ jiyaha ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifahff; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

 

,uhf; kPJ 2003 ,y; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l jhf;Fjy; rHthjpfhup rjhk; FNrid Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;J mfw;wp mq;F kf;fhl;rpiaf; nfhz;L tUtjw;Nf vd mnkupf;f jug;gpy; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. fle;j rdtup 30 ,y; ,uhf;fpy; ele;J Kbe;j NjHjy; kf;fshl;rpf;fhd fhy;Nfhs; vd Ml;rpj; jiytH G\; khH jl;bf; nfhz;lhH.

fle;j khHr;R khjk; 16 Mk; ehs; `hkh]; ,af;fk; rhHghf mjd; gpujkH ,];khapy; `dpah (Ismail Haniyeh)  24 NgH nfhz;l mikr;ruitg; gl;baiy ghy];jPd Ml;rpj;jiytH kf%j; mg;gh]; ,lk; ifaspj;jJ. `kh]; ,af;f Kf;fpa jiytHfspy; xUtuhd kf%j; rfhH Gjpa ntspAwT mikr;ruhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. mikr;ruitapy;  xU ngz;Zk; ,lk; ngw;Ws;shH.

 

Mdhy; `kh]; muir mnkupf;fh mq;fPfupf;f kWj;Js;sJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; `kh]; ,af;fk; xU gaq;futhj ,af;fk; vd;w fhuzj;ijf; fhl;b ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mitf;F ,Jtiu fhyKk; nfhLj;J te;j epjpAjtpia epWj;jp tpl;lJ. ,g;gb epjpajtpia epWj;jpa ,d;ndhU ehL fdlhthFk;. Mf jw;rkak; ,];Nuy;> mnkupf;fh> fdlh Mfpa 3 ehLfs; epjpAjtpia epWj;jpAs;sd. fle;j Mz;L mnkupf;fh 324 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfis epjpAjtpahf toq;fp ,Ue;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. 

 

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; rpy epge;jidfNshL 60 kpy;ypad; A+Nwh nlhyHfis toq;fpAs;sJ.  `kh];> ,];Nuy; njhlHghd jdJ nfhs;ifia khw;whtpl;lhy; Nkw;nfhz;L epjpAjtp vJTk; mspf;fg;gl khl;lhJ vd mJ mwptpj;Js;sJ.

 

epjpAjtp njhlHghf Ngrpa mnkupf;fhtpd; Ml;rpj; jiytH G\; “,];Nuiy mopg;gij jdJ Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;Ls;s `kh]; ,af;fk; mjidf; iftpl Ntz;Lk;. vkJ el;G ehlhd ,];Nuiy mopg;gij Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;Ls;s muRf;F ehk; cjtp nra;a KbahJ. ehk; cjtp nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;why; `kh]; ,af;fk; jdJ jdJ MAjg; giliaf; fiyj;J td;Kiwiaf; iftpl;L ,];Nuy; ehl;il mq;fPfupf;f Ntz;Lk;” vdg; NgrpAs;shH.

 

kj;jpa fpof;Ff;F kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia Vw;Wkjp nra;tNj mnkupf;fhtpd; nfhs;if vd xUGwk; Ngrpf; nfhz;L kf;fshl;rp Kiwikf;F mika ele;j NjHjypy; kf;fsJ thf;Ffisg; ngw;W ntw;wpthif #ba `kh]; ,af;f;fj;jpd; muir mq;fPfupf;f kWg;gJk; mjw;F epjpAjtpia epWj;jpf; nfhs;tJk; ve;jtpjj;jpy; epahak; vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

epjpAjtpia epWj;jpajd; %yk; mnkupf;fh ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; xU Rje;jpukhd NjHjy; %yk; ntspg;gLj;jpa Kbit cjhrPdk; nra;tNjhL mtHfis xl;L nkhj;jkhfj; jz;bf;fTk; nra;fpwJ.

ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; `kh]; ,af;fj;Jf;F thf;fspj;jjd; %yk; rpy nra;jpfis cyFf;Fr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhHfs;. jq;fisj; jhq;fNs ghJfhf;Fk; cupik> Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gilia MAjg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; %yk; ntspNaw;Wk; cupik> ,Wjpahf xU Rje;jpukhd ehl;il cUthf;Fk; cupik Mfpa mbg;gil cupik MfpaitNa me;jr; nra;jpfshFk;.

1994 Mk; Mz;L ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mig cUthf;fg;gl;lijj; njhlHe;J ahrH mugj; jiyik tfpj;j ghj;jh mikg;G Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. Mdhy; mjd; 13 Mz;L fhy Ml;rpapd; NghJ rfy kl;lq;fspYk; Coy;> jtwhd mjpfhu eilKiw> murpay; gopthq;fy; kw;Wk; epjp Nkhrb epytpaJ. Nfhbf;fzf;fhd gzk; murpay;thjpfshYk; mjpfhupfshYk; fsthlg;gl;ljhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. vdNt ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; `khRf;F mspj;j thf;Ffs; Coy; GiuNahbg; Nghd muRf;F vjpuhd jPHg;ghfTk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;.

1994 - 1996 Mz;Lfhy ,ilntspapy; Mapuf;fzf;fhd ghy];jPdpaHfs; ,];Nuypd; mur gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fg; gypahdhHfs;. x];Nyh mikjp xg;ge;jj;Jf;F vjpuhf ,d;upglh (al Aqsa  Intifada)  vd miof;fg;gLk; fpsHr;rp ntbj;jJ. Kd;diuf; fhl;bYk; mjpfsT capHg;gypAk; Nrhjidr; rhtbfSk; tPLfs; jfHg;Gk; rpiw thrKk; mjpfupj;jd. x];Nyh xg;ge;jk; vOjp 13 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dUk; xU KO muir cUthf;Fk; Kaw;rp if $lhky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

,J ,t;thwpUf;f fle;j khHr;R 28 ,y;  ,];Nuypy; ele;J Kbe;j NjHjypy; kPz;Lk; xU tyJrhup muNr gjtpf;F te;Js;sJ. 

1982 Mk; Mz;L nrg;njk;gH 16 ,y; rg;uh kw;Wk;  rl;byh (Sabra and Shatila) mfjp Kfhk;fspy; tho;e;j RkhH 3>600 ghy];jPdpa kf;fspd; gLnfhiyapy; njhlHGilatH vd ma;ag;gLk; Vupay; rhud; (Ariel Sharon)  epWtpa fbkh vd;w fl;rpNa ngUk;ghd;ikj; njhFjpfisf; ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. mjidj; njhlHe;J fbkh fl;rpapd; jitH Ehud Olmert  gpujkuhf epakdk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;shH.

midj;Jyf kl;lj;jpy; mnkupf;fh K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; Kk;kukhf <Lgl;L tUfpwJ. ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPd rpf;fNyhL “gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NghH” (war on terror)  K];ypk; tyJrhupfs; kw;Wk; mbg;gilthjpfspd; ifia Xq;fr; nra;jpUf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,uhf; Nghd;w ehLfspy; mnkupf;fh elj;Jk; Neubg; NghUk; ghy];jPdj;jpy; elj;Jk; kiwKfg; NghUk; Nkw;Fyfj;Jf;Fk; ,];yhk; kjj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; eilngWk; NghH vd;w gbkj;ijj; Njhw;Wtpj;Js;sJ.

NkYk;> Kd; vg;nghOijAk; tpl ,d;iwa mnkupf;f muR ,];Nuy; rhHghd ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifia filg;gpbf;fpwJ. G\; mtHfspd; Kjy; 4 Mz;L gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; ,];Nuypd; gpujkuhf ,Ue;J rhud; xd;gJ Kiw nts;skhspiff;F nrd;W jpUk;gpAs;shH. mJ kl;Lky;y rNuhid  “ xU rkhjhd tpUk;gp” (“a man of peace”) vd;W G\; Gfohuk; #l;lTk; jtwtpy;iy! ,J G\; ghy];jPd kf;fspd; mbg;gil kdpj cupikf; Nfhupf;ifia Vw;f kWj;J tpl;lijf; fhl;LfpwJ.  

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapy; ele;J Kbe;j NjHjypy; `khir Mjupg;gij tpl ghy];jPdpa kf;fSf;F NtW top ,Uf;ftpy;iy vd;Nw nrhy;yyhk;.

xU tpjj;jpy; ,];Nuypa tyJrhup fl;rpfSf;Fk;  ,];yhkpa tyJrhupg; Nghf;Fila `khRf;Fk; ,ilNa gy xw;Wikfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. `khrpd; nfhs;if> Nfhl;ghL> epiyg;ghL ,d;iwa ,];Nuypa murpd; nfhs;if> Nfhl;ghL> epiyg;ghL Nghd;wtw;iwNa gpujpgypf;fpwJ vd;W nrhy;yyhk;.

1) tuyhw;W mbg;gilapy; tyJrhup ypf;Fl; fl;rp (Likud party) 1977 Mk; Mz;L  mjw;F Kd;dH 40 Mz;Lfs; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j njhopw; fl;rpiaj; Njhw;fbj;J  Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jJ. me;jf; fl;rp rhHghf ngfpd;> rkPH> nej;jd;ahF>  rhud; gpujkHfshf gjtp tfpj;jhHfs;. uhgpdpd; njhopw; fl;rp ,];Nuypa - muG Nkhjy;fis KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltuj; jtwpaijr; Rl;bf; fhl;bNa ypf;Fl; fl;rp Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jJ. 2006 ,y; ypf;Fl; fl;rp gad;gLj;jpa mNj thjq;fisAk; ,uhrje;jpuj;ijAk; gad;gLj;jpNa 40 Mz;L fhyk; ghy];jPd murpaypy; Nkyhjpf;fk; nrYj;jpa gj;jh fl;rpia `kh]; NjHjypy; Njhw;fbj;jJ.

2) `kh]; ,];Nuy; ehl;il mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ cz;ikNa. Mdhy; ypf;Fl; fl;rpAk; ghy];jPdpaHfsJ muRupikiaAk; mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy. tuyhw;W mbg;gilapy; ghy];jPdpa kz;Zf;F cupa cupikiaAk; ypf;Fl; fl;rp mq;fPfupf;f kWf;fpwJ. ,];Nuypa muR ,];Nuy; kz;Zf;F ,];NuypaHfs; kl;LNk cupikAilatHfs; vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. Vg;ufhk; topte;j K];ypk;fs; kw;Wk; fpwp];jtHfs; MfpNahuJ kz;Zupikia ypf;Fl; fl;rp ( ypf;Fl; fl;rpia cilj;J rhud; njhlf;fpa fbkh fl;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; nfhs;if Nfhl;ghl;by; ngupa NtWghL ,y;iy) kWf;fpwJ. A+j ,sj;jtUf;F kl;LNk kz;Zf;F cupik cz;L vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. ,e;j thjj;jpd; kWgf;fkhf `kh]; ,af;fk; kj mbg;gilapy; KO ghy];jPdKk; ghy];jPdHfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhdJ vd;W nrhy;fpwJ.

3) ,];Nuypa tyJrhupf; muRfs; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F xU KO ,iwik gilj;j muir epWTk; cupikia kWf;fpd;wd.  ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F cUthf;fg;gLk; muR ,];Nuy; ehl;bd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; (vy;iyfs;> gpuNjrq;fs;) vd tpUk;Gfpd;wd.  Fwpg;ghf fpof;F n[&ryk; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd epidf;fpwhHfs;. `kh]; ,jw;F vjpHkhwhd epge;jidfis Kd;itf;fpwJ. ,];Nuypa A+jHfs; ghy];jPdj;jpy; (,d;iwa ,];Nuy; ehl;Lg; gpuNjrk; cl;gl)  K];ypk; my;yhjtH Nghy; thoyhk;. mtHfs; ,];yhkpa rl;lj;jpd; gpufhuk; elj;jg;gLthHfs;. 

4) ,];Nuy; kw;Wk; `kh]; ,uz;LNk td;KiwiaAk; MAjq;fisAk; jhuhskhfg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,U rhuhUNk “mtHfs; Jg;ghf;fp nkhopia kl;LNk Gupe;J nfhs;thHfs;” vd;w Kof;fj;ij jpUk;gj; jpUk;gr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

5) `kh]; ,];NuYld; xU ePz;lfhy NghHepWj;jj;ij Nkw;nfhs;sj; jahH vd mwptpj;Js;sJ. ,];Nuy; muRk; ,Jtiu fhyKk; ,];Nuy; ehlbd; midj;Jyf  vy;iyfis ,d;Dk; epWttpy;iy. ghy];jPdpaHfsJ jhafj;Jf;fhd  tuyhw;W cupikiaAk; mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy. vdNt ,uz;L gf;fKk; xU ePz;l fhy NghH epWj;jj;ijNa filg;gpbf;fpwhHfs;. ghy];jPdpaHfsJ jhaf cupikia ve;jg; ghy];jPdpa ,af;fKk; tpl;Lf; nfhLf;Fk; epiyik ,y;iy.

6) `khRk; ,d;W gjtpapYs;s muRk; x];Nyh mikjp cld;ghl;il  epuhfupj;J tpl;ld.  rhud; jdJ gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; x];Nyh cld;gbf;ifia Kw;whfg; Gwe;js;sptpl;L jdJ epfo;r;rp epuiyNa eilKiwg; gLj;jpdhH. x];Nyh xg;ge;jj;ij cUthf;fpa kpjthj ghj;jh kw;Wk; njhopw;fl;rp ,uz;Lk; tyJrhup fl;rpfshd `kh]; kw;Wk; ypf;Fl; (,g;NghJ fbkh) fl;rpfshy; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld.

vdNt ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPdpa rpf;fYf;F jPHTfhZk; nghWg;G `kh]; kw;Wk; fbkh fl;rpfSf;Nf cz;L. gj;jhTk; njhopw;fl;rpAk; Njhy;tpAw;w epiyapy; ahUk; gyj;Jld; tpsq;Fk; `khirNah fbkhitNah Gwe;js;sptpl KbahJ.

G\; epUthfk; `kh]; ,af;fk; xU gaq;futhj ,af;fk; vd;Nwh my;yJ mjd; jiytHfs; “gpd; yhldpd;” mr;R vd;W nrhy;yp mtHfis xJf;fptpl KbahJ.

jq;fs; tpLjiyf;Fk; jhaf cupikf;Fk; NghuhLk; kf;fis ntWkNd “gaq;futhjpfs;” vd;W mnkupf;fh mUr;rpg;gjpy; mHj;jkpy;iy. mJ rpf;fYf;F Kfk; nfhLf;fhJ XbtpLk; Nghf;ifNa fhl;l cjTk;.  

cz;ikapy; kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia cyFf;F tpw;gid nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;w ey;nyz;zk; ,Ue;jhy;  ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPdr; rpf;fYf;F G\; jPHT fhz Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. mnkupf;fh fz;%bj;jdkhd Nghf;fpy; ,];Nuy; MjuTf; nfhs;ifiaf; ifg;gpbf;fpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;L epyTfpwJ. Fwpg;ghf ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; mnkupf;fhtpd; xUjiyg; gl;r mZFKiw cyf kl;lj;jpy; mjw;Ff; nfl;l ngaiuNa thq;fpf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. ,e;j epiyapy; mnkupf;f muR `kh]; ,af;fj;NjhL ,uhrje;jpu kl;lj;jpy; Ngrp xU ,zf;fg;ghl;Lf;F  tuNtz;Lk;.

mikjp vd;gJ ez;gHfNshL my;yhJ  vjpupfNshL Ngrpf; fhz Ntz;ba rq;fjpahFk;.  

ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; rdehaf topapy; mspj;j jPHg;ig mnkupf;fh> ,];Nuy;> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfs; mq;fPfupf;f kWg;gJ rdehafg; gLnfhiyahFk;.

ghy];jPdpa kf;fsJ rdehafj; jPHg;ig epuhfupj;J epjpAjtpia epWj;jp mtHfis xl;L nkhj;jkhfj; jz;bg;gJ ghy];jPdpa - ,];Nuy; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Nkhjiy mjpfupf;fNt cjTk;.  (cyfj;jkpoH - a+iy> 2006)

 

 


 

 

ma;ad;dh nrayhsH ehafk; gjtp ngupa miw$tyhf ,Uf;Fk;  

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;gpd; nrayhsH ehafk; Nfhgp md;dd; mtHfsJ gjtpf; fhyk; vjpH tUk; bnrk;gH 31> 2006 md;W KbtilfpwJ. Nfhgp md;dd; nrd;w gj;jhz;L fhykhf nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpapy; ,Ue;J tUfpwhH. ,g;NghJ ntWikahFk; mtuJ ,;;lj;ij epug;g ntt;NtW ehLfs; jq;fs; Ntl;ghsHfisf; fsj;jpy; ,wf;fpAs;sd. mtHfSf;F Mjuitj; jpul;LtjpYk; me;j ehLfs; Kidg;NghL nray;glj; njhlq;fpAs;sd.

 

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;G 1945 Mk; Mz;L - ,uz;lhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jk; Kbe;j ifNahL - 54 cWg;gpdHfNshL njhlf;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; cUthf;fg; gl;lak; A+d; 26> 1945 ,y; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;L xf;NjhgH 24> 1945 ,y; eilKiwf;F te;jJ.

 

,d;W ma;ad;dhtpd; cWg;gpdH njhif 191 Mf caHe;Js;sJ. nrd;w 16 Mz;Lfspy; kl;Lk; 33 rpd;dr; rpd;d ehLfs; Gjpjhfr; NrHe;Js;sd!

 

nghUshjhuk;> FKfhak;> gz;ghL kw;Wk; midj;Jyf xj;Jiog;G Mfpatw;Wf;Fg; ghLgLtijf; Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;L ,e;j mikg;G cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ma;f;fpa ehL mikg;G gd;dhl;L rpf;fy;fSf;Fj; jPHT fhzNt ciof;f Ntz;Lk;. tpjp 2(7) ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit xU ehl;bd; cs;ehl;Lr; nray;fspy; jiyaplf; $lhJ vdr; nrhy;fpwJ. mNj rkak; Mf;fpukpg;G my;yJ mikjpf;Fg; gq;fk; Vw;gLk; gl;rj;jpy; xU ehl;bd; cs;ehl;Lr; nray;fspy; jiyapl mDkjpf;fpwJ.

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;gpd; Njhw;wj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dH gpd;tUgtHfs; ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;gpd; nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpia tfpj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

NehHNt ehl;ilr; NrHe;j jpupf; yP (Trygve Lie) 1946-1953 tiu RtPld; ehl;ilr; NrHe;j lhf; `k;khHrPy;l; (Dag Hammarskjold ) 1953-1961 tiu>  gHkh (,d;iwa ikdkhH) ehl;ilr; NrHe;j A+ jhd; (U Thant) 1961-1971 tiu>  mT];jpupah ehl;ilr; NrHe;j Nfl; ty;Nfapk; (Kurt Waldheim)  1971-1981 tiu>  NgU ehl;ilr; NrHe;j Ngu]; b FyH (Javier Perez de Cuellar)  1982-1991 tiu> vfpg;J ehl;L G+l;w]; G+l;w]; fhyp (Boutros Boutros Ghali ) 1992-1996 tiu> fhdh ehl;ilr; NrHe;j Nfhgp md;dd; (1997-2006).

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;gpd; nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpia Row;rp Kiwapy; ntt;NtW fz;lq;fspy; ,Ue;J njupT nra;tJ xU kughf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. mjd; mbg;gilapy;  ,e;j Kiw nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpf;F Mrpahf; fz;lj;ijr; NrHe;j xUtH njupT nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk; vd cUrpah kw;Wk; rPdh tpUk;GfpwJ. Mrpah kw;Wk; Mgpupf;f ehLfsJ tpUg;Gk; mt;thNw mike;Js;sJ. Mdhy; mnkupf;fhTk; gpupj;jhdpahTk; mg;gb ,Uf;f Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy vdTk; jpwik mbg;gilapy; me;jg; gjtp epug;gg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd epidf;fpd;wd.

,Nj Nghy; ,d;ndhU kuGk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ ghJfhg;G mitapd; epue;ju cWg;G ehLfisr; NrHe;j Fbkfdhf ,Uf;ff; $lhJ vd;gJjhd; me;j kuG. ,jdhy; mnkupf;fhtpd; Kd;dhs; Ml;rpj; jiytH gpy; fpspd;ld; ma;ad;dhtpd; jiyikg; gjtpf;F tUk; tha;g;G ,y;iy.

 

nrd;w  nrg;njk;gH 6-8> 2000 Mk; Mz;L ma;ad;dhtpd; Gj;jhapuk; cr;rp khehL (Millennium Summit)  ele;NjwpaJ. mjpy; ma;f;fpa ehLfspd; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSf;Fk; Nfhl;ghLfSf;Fk;  mika cyfpy; ePjpahd epue;ju mikjpia cUthf;Ftnjd kPz;Lk; cWjp nra;ag;gl;lJ.

 

ehLfspd; rkj;Jtk;> xUikg;ghL> murpay; Rje;jpuk; Mfpatw;iw Mjupj;jy;> ehLfSf;F ,ilapyhd tha;r;rz;ilfisg; gd;dhl;L ePjpKiwik kw;Wk; rl;lq;fSf;F mika mikjp topapy; jPHj;J itg;gJ> nfhydpj;Jt my;yJ ntspehLfspd; gpbapy; rpf;fpa ehLfsJ jd;dhl;rp cupikia mq;fPfupg;gJ> ehLfspd; cs;ehl;Lr; nray;ghLfspy; jiyaplhf; nfhs;ifiaf; filg; gpbj;jy;> ,dk;> ghy;> nkhop my;yJ kj mbg;gilapy; ghugl;rk; fhl;lhJ kdpjTupikfisAk; mbg;gilr;  Rje;jpuq;fisAk; Nkk;gLj;jy;> midj;Jyf kl;lj;jpy; nghUshjhu> FKf> gz;ghL my;yJ kdpjhgpkhdk; Nghd;wtw;Wf;F kjpg;gspj;jy; Mfpad kPs; cWjp nra;ag;gl;ld.

 

Mdhy; ,itahTk; eilKiwapy; fwpf;Fjthj Vl;Lr; Riuf;fha; MfNt ,Ue;J tUfpd;wd.

 

cyfpy; ma;ad;dh xd;Nw NghH my;yJ mikjp ,uz;ilAk; Nkw;nfhs;s mjpfhuk; gilj;j mikg;ghFk;. Mdhy; mnkupf;fhtpd; thf;Fj; jLg;G mjpfhuk; mjd; nray;ghLfis  Klf;fp te;Js;sJ.

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf ma;f;fpa ehLfshy; ,];NuYf;F vjpuhf epiwNtw;wg;gl;l Ehw;Wf;Fk; mjpfkhd jPHkhdq;fis ,];Nuy; cjhrPdk; nra;Js;sJ. NkYk; 29 jPHkhdq;fs; mnkupf;fhtpd; jLg;G thf;Ff;Fg; gypahfpd.

 

,jdhy; kj;jpa fpof;fpy; ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPdpak; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; njhlHr;rpahf rz;il eilngw;W tUfpwJ. ghy];jPdk; gw;wp vupfpwJ vd;Nw nrhy;yyhk;. Mdhy; mtw;iw vy;yhk; ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit fz;L nfhs;shkNy ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.

 

,jpy; Nrhfk; vd;dntd;why; Mdhdg;gl;l ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; $l ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPdpa rpf;fypy; mnkupf;fhitg; gifj;Jf; nfhs;shky; xj;JhjNt tpUk;GfpwJ.  

Kd;dhs; nrayhsH ehafk; G+l;w]; G+l;w]; fhyp Kjy;  ma;e;J Mz;L fhyg; gjtp Kbe;J kPz;Lk; Nghl;b Nghl;l NghJ mtUf;F 14 ehLfsJ MjuT ,Ue;jJ. mg;gb ,Ue;Jk; mnkupf;fh jdJ jLg;G thf;ifg; Nghl;L mtuJ njupitj; jLj;Jtpl;lJ.

ma;ad;dhtpd; mjpfhuk; KOJk; 15 ehLfs; nfhz;l ghJfhg;G mitapd; ifapy;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjpYk; mjd; epue;ju cWg;G ehLfshd mnkupf;fh> cUrpah> rPdh> gpupj;jhdpah kw;Wk; gpuhd;]; ehLfsJ ifapy;jhd; tPl;Nlh mjpfhuk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

,Jtiu nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpf;F Kd;dhs; Nghye;J ehl;L Ml;rpj; jiytH Aleksander Kwasniewski,  yj;tPah ehl;bd; Ml;rpj; jiytH  Vaira Vike-Freiberga, ma;f;fpa ehl;L mikg;gpy; nrayhsuhfg; gzpGupAk; JUf;fp ehl;bd;  Kemal Dervis,  jha;yhe;J ehl;bd; Jizg; gpujkH Surakiart Sathirathai njd; nfhupahtpd; ntspAwT  mikr;rH Ban Ki Moon,  fpof;F jPNkhH ehl;bd; ntspAwT mikr;rUk; mikjpf;fhd Nehngy; gupR ngw;wtUkhd Jose Ramos-Horta, =yq;fh ehl;ilr; NrHe;j ma;ad;dh mikg;gpd; Kd;dhs; nrayhsH n[ae;j jdghy> rpq;fg;G+H ehl;bd; Kd;dhs; gpujkH Goh Chok Tong,  NahHlhd; ehl;bd; ma;ad;dhTf;fhd JhJtH Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein MfpNahuJ ngaHfs; mbgLfpd;wd.

,J ehs; tiu Rk;kh ,Ue;j ,e;jpah ,d;dhs; ma;ad;dh nrayhsHfspy; xUtuhd rrp jhHJhiu fsk; ,wf;fpAs;sJ. ,e;jpah jhHJhiu fsk; ,wf;;fpdhy; ghfp];jhd; Rk;kh ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;Fkh? Vl;bf;Fg; Nghl;bahf gpupj;jhdpahTf;fhd ghfp];jhd; JhJtH Maleeha Lodhi  vd;gtiu ma;ad;dhtpd; nrayhsH gjtpf;Fg; Nghl;bapl epWj;jpAs;sJ.

,jw;fpilapy; 1945 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; cyfpd; mjpAaH ,uhrje;jpu gjtpf;F %d;W  ma;Nuhg;gpaH> ,uz;L Mgpupf;f ehl;ltH> xU njd;mnkupf;fH xU Mrpahf;fhuH epakpf;fg;glhYk; xU ngz; ,Jtiu me;jg; gjtpf;F epakpf;fg;glhj FiwapUf;fpwJ. mjid <Lnra;a mLj;J xU ngz;Zf;F tha;g;Gf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nfl;ly; (demand)  ngz;fs; mikg;Gf;fspdhy; tpLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 

ma;ad;dhtpd; nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpf;F =yq;fh n[ae;jh jdghyhit epWj;jp itj;jpUg;gJjhd; tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ.

kdpjTupik kPwYf;Fg; ‘Gfo;ngw;w’ ehl;bd; Ntl;ghsiu =yq;fh muR ve;j Kfj;NjhL nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpf;F epWj;jp ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ tpsq;ftpy;iy.

nghJkf;fs; fhzhky; Nghtjpy; =yq;fh cyfshtpa kl;lj;jpy; ,uz;lhtJ ,lj;jpy;  ,Uf;fpwJ. Njhy;tp fz;l 145 ehLfspd; gl;baypy; =yq;fh 25 MtJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;Js;sJ. mg;gbahd xU ehl;bd; Ntl;ghsH ntd;W nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpapy; Fe;JtJ ngupa tuyhw;W tpgj;jhf Kbe;J tpLk;.

ey;y fhykhf ,e;jpah jdJ Ntl;ghsiu epWj;jpAs;sJ. ,jdhy; n[ae;j jdghyhtpd; ntw;wp tha;g;G ntFthff; Fiwe;Js;sJ.  

 

ma;ad;dh mikg;G jdJ 60 Mz;L tuyhw;wpy; rpy ntw;wpfis <l;bAs;sJ vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. mNj rkak; ma;ad;dh mikg;G xU khngUk; ghrhq;F (hypocrisy) vd epidg;gtHfSk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. NkNy $wpathW kj;jpa fpof;fpy; mikjpia Vw;gLj;j ma;ad;dh Njhy;tpaile;J tpl;lJ. mjw;F Kf;fpa fhuzk; mnkupf;fhtplk; ,Uf;Fk; jLg;G thf;FupikNa. ,];NuYf;F vjpuhf ma;ad;dh nghJ mit epiwNtw;Wk; jPHkhdq;fis eilKiwg; gLj;Jk; mjpfhuk; ghJfhg;G mitaplk;jhd; cz;L.

 

ma;ad;dh nghJ mitj; jPHkhdhdq;fs; ghjfhg;G mitf;F tUk;NghJ mnkupf;fh jdJ jLg;G thf;fifg; gad;gLj;jp mtw;iwr; nry;yhf;fhrhf;fp tpLfpwJ.   

rjhk; FNrd; 1990 ,y; mz;il ehlhd FNtj;J kPJ gilnaLj;j NghJ mnkupf;fhtpd; jiyikapy; jpul;lg;gl;l gil ,uhf; kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jp mjid Kwpabj;jJ. Mdhy; ,uhf; kPJ ma;ad;dhitg; Gwe;js;sptpl;L mnkupf;fh jd;dpr;irahfg; gilnaLj;j NghJ mjw;F vjpuhf ma;ad;dhthy;  xd;Wk; nra;a Kbatpy;iy. mJ kl;Lky;y> ,uhf;fpd; kPsf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; gzpf;F cjTkhW mnkupf;fh Nfl;l NghJ mjid vspjhfj; jl;bf; fopf;f ma;ad;dhthy; Kbatpy;iy. mnkupf;fhitg; gifj;Jf; nfhs;s tpUk;ghj ma;ad;dh kPs;fl;likg;Gg; gzpapy; <Lgl;lJ.

,t;thW ma;ad;dh mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l tYr;rz;ilf;F cle;ijahf ,Ue;J tpl;ljhfTk; eLepiy jtwptpl;ljhfTk; gyH epidf;fpwhHfs;. ,uhf; ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;gpd; cWg;G ehL kl;Lky;y mjd; njhlf;f cWg;G  ehLfspy; xd;whFk;. ,uhf;Ff;F kPs;fl;Lkhdg; gzpf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;l ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit mjpfhupfs; ,uhf; jPptuthjpfspd; jw;nfhiyf; Fz;Lj;jhf;Fjypy; nfhy;yg;  nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. mjpy; Sergio Vieira de Mello xUtuhtH.

ma;ad;dh ,y;yhj xU cyf xOq;if epidj;Jg; ghHf;f KbahJ. ,Ue;Jk; me;j mikg;gpy; khw;wq;fs; nfhz;Ltug; glNtz;Lk; vd murpay; Nehf;fHfs; $WfpwhHfs;.

ghJfhg;G mitapy; thf;Fj; jLg;G cupikNahL ,Uf;Fk; mnkupf;fh. cUrpah> rPdh> gpupjjhdpah> gpuhd;]; Mfpa ma;e;J epue;ju ehLfs;jhd; ,d;W ma;ad;dhtpd; jiytpjpiaj; jPHkhdpf;fpd;wd. ,e;j eilKiw ma;ad;dh njhlq;fg;gl;l NghJ nghUj;jkhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,d;W ghJfhg;G mitapd; mikg;gpy; fhyj;Jf;F Vw;wthW khw;wq;fs; nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;. ghJfhg;G mitapd; -

        1)      mjpfhuk; gutyhf;fg; glNtz;Lk;.

        2)      epue;ju cWg;gpdHfsJ vz;zpf;if $l;lg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

        3)      epue;ju cWg;G ehLfSf;F ,Uf;Fk; jLg;G thf;Fupik xopf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

cyf kf;fs; njhifapy; Mwpy; xU gq;F nfhz;l ,e;jpah> nghUshjuj;jpy; nfhb fl;bg; gwf;Fk; ag;ghd; kw;Wk; n[Hkdp> muG ehLfspy; xd;whd vfpg;J>  njd; mnkupf;fh ehLfspy; xd;whd gpNurpy; Nghd;w ehLfs; ghJfhg;G mitapy; epue;ju cWg;Gupik ngw top nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

ma;ad;dh mikg;gpy; Mapuk; FiwghLfs; ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mij tpl;lhy; NtW topNa ,y;iy.  cyf mikjpf;Fk; kdpj Nkk;ghl;Lf;Fk; ma;ad;dh NgusT  cWJizahf tpsq;FfpwJ vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy.

ma;ad;dhtpd; nrayhsH ehafk; gjtpf;F mLj;Jj; njupag;gLk; ,uhrje;jpup ahuhf ,Ue;jhYk; mtUf;F me;jg; gjtp ngupa miw$tyhf ,Uf;Fk;. 

(cyfj;jkpoH - A+d; 30>2006)  


rptg;ghf khwptpl;l ,e;J Neg;ghsk;

ef;fPud;

kfh mnyf;rhe;jH (fpK 356-326) fhe;jhuj;ijf; iftpl;L ntwpNawpa NghJ Nkw;F ,e;jpahtpy; xU mjpfhu ,ilntsp Vw;gl;lJ. mjidg; gad;gLj;j epidj;j kTupa murd; re;jpuFg;jd; (fpK 325-296) gilnaLj;Jr; nrd;W ghurPfk; kw;Wk; gf;jpupah (Persia and Batria) ehLfis Mz;l nrYrpl;]; (Celeucids) murHfisj; Njhw;fbj;Jf; fhe;jhuk; kw;Wk; rpe;Jejpg; gs;sj;jhf;iff; ifg;gw;wpdhd;. mtDf;Fg; gpd; Ml;rpf;F te;j mtdJ kfd; gpe;Jrhud; (fpgp 297-272) njw;Nf nlf;fhd; tiu jdJ Nguuir tpupthf;fpdhd;.

,e;jpa Jizf; fz;lj;jpy; Nkw;Nf fhe;jhuk; njhlq;fp fpof;Nf kfjk; (fPo;f; fq;iff; fiutiu) gue;J fple;j (Jizf; fz;lj;jpd; %d;wpy; xU gFjp) kTupa Nguuir NkYk; tpupthf;f mNrhfd; (fpK 272-232) fypq;fk; kPJ gilnaLj;jhd;.

fypq;fg; Nghupy; (fpK 265) 100>000 ,yf;fk; tPuHfs; fsg;gypahdhHfs;. NghHf;fsj;jpy; Xba FUjp Mw;wpidf; fz;L kdk; tUe;jpa mNrhfd; nfhy;yhikf;Ff; Fuy; nfhLj;j gTj;j newpf;F khwpdhd;.

,g;NghJ 2>300 Mz;Lfs; fopj;J Neg;ghs khNth nghJTlikf; fl;rpapd; jiytH G\;gFkhu jhfy; gpure;jh jdJ 10 Mz;Lfhyf; nfupy;yhg; Nghiuf; iftpl;L Neg;ghs muNrhL tuyhw;Wg; Gfo;tha;e;j cld;gbf;if xd;wpid vOjpAs;shH.

gpure;jh - nfha;uhyh ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; A+d; 16> 2006 ,y; ele;j cr;rp khehl;Lg; Ngr;RthHj;ijfisj; njhlHe;J ,e;j cld;gbf;if vOjg;gl;lJ. mjd; gpd; Neg;ghs gpujkH nfha;uhyh mtHfSila ,y;yj;jpy; ele;j epfo;tpy; Ngrpa gpure;jh 'RkhH 2>500 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH Gj;j ngUkhd; mikjpf;fhd xU nra;jpia tpLj;J xU Gul;rpia Vw;gLj;jpdhH. ,d;W ehq;fs; mNjNghd;w ,d;ndhU tuyhw;iwj; njhlf;fpAs;Nshk;" vdf; $wpdhH.

',d;ndhU tuyhW" vd;W vij mtH kdjpy; itj;Jr; nrhd;dhH vd;gJ njupatpy;iy. cld;gbf;if gw;wpj; njsptpd;ik njd;glyhk;. Mdhy; khNth ,af;fj;jpdUf;Fk; VO fl;rpf; $l;lzpf;Fk; ,ilapy; ifr;rhj;jhd cld;gbf;if 'mikjp topKiw" (peace process) rupahd ghijapy; nry;Yk; vd ek;gyhk;.

1959 ,y; Neg;ghsk; gyfl;rp murpay; Ml;rp gupNrhjpf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; me;j Kaw;rpf;F kd;dH kNfe;jpuh ehlhSkd;wj;ij ,ilepWj;jp KO mjpfhuj;ijAk; ifafg;gLj;jp Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itj;jhH.

1991 ,y; gutyhd kf;fs; vjpHg;ghl;lq;fisj; njhlHe;J kf;fshl;rp murpay; Kiwik nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ. Mdhy; mJ ntw;wp ngwtpy;iy. ,g;NghJs;s kd;dH 2002 kw;Wk; 2005 ,y; epUthf mjpfhuj;ijf; ifapy; vLj;jhH.

,tw;iw mLj;Nj khNth ,af;fj;jpdH Neg;ghsj;jpy; xU nghJTlikf; Fbauir epWt MAjNke;jpg; Nghuhl Kd;te;jhHfs;. ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; 12>000 kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. ma;f;fpa ehl;bd; mwpf;ifg;gb 100>000 kf;fs; ,lk;ngaHe;jhHfs;.

A+d; 2001 ,y; ,sturH jpNge;jpuh Fbntwpapy; jdJ je;ij kd;dH gpNue;jpuhitAk; jha; ma;];tHahitAk; nfhiy nra;Jtpl;Lj' jdJ capiuAk; kha;j;Jf; nfhz;lhH. mg;NghJ mtUf;F mfit 29 kl;LNk. ,jidj; njhlHe;J kddH fNae;jpuh 2001 ,y; Kb#l;bf;nfhz;lhH.

kd;dH fNae;jpuh nrd;w ngg;utup 2005 ,y; ehlhSkd;wj;ijf; fiyj;J Ml;rp mjpfhuk; KOtijAk; ifapy; vLj;Jf;nfhz;L jdf;Fr; rhHghd xU jiyik mikr;riuAk; mikr;ruitiaAk; epakpj;jhH. Mdhy; gpujkuhy; khNthf;fsJ td;Kiwiaf; fl;Lg;gLj;jNth NjHjy; xd;iw elj;jNth Kbatpy;iy.

xU Mz;L fopj;J kd;dH jdJ Neub Ml;rpapd; fPo; khNth fpsHr;rpiaf; fl;Lg;gLj;jp tpl;ljhf mwptpj;jhH. Mdhy; khNth nfupyhf;fs; njhlHr;rpahd jhf;Fjy;fis elj;jp muir epiyFiya itj;jdH.

Neg;ghsj;jpy; ele;Njwpa kpd;dy; Ntf murpay; khw;wq;fSf;F mz;il ehlhd ,e;jpahNt fhuzk; vd;W Neg;ghs; khNth ,af;fj;jpd; jiytH gpure;jh $wpAs;shH. ,e;jpahNt khNth ,af;fj;jpdiu xU nghJ Nehf;Ff; fUjp Vida murpay; fl;rpfNshL NrHj;J itj;jjhff; $WfpwhH.

,e;jpah ePz;l fhykhf khNth jPtputhj ,af;fj;jpdiu Vida murpay; fl;rpfNshL NrHe;J gzpahw;WkhW J}z;b te;jpUf;fpwJ. Mdhy; ,e;jpah ,g;gb murpay; fl;rpfisAk; khNth ,af;fj;jpdiuAk; xd;W NrHf;Fk; gzpia mur mbg;gilapy; nra;atpy;iy. jpiukiwtpy; ,Ue;J nfhz;Nl vy;yhtw;iwAk; ,e;jpah nra;jJ.

Ngr;RthHj;ij njhlq;F Kd;dH khNth ,af;fj;jpd; kPJ #l;lg;gl;l gaq;futhj Kj;jpiu Neg;ghs murpdhy; ePf;fg;gl;lJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

gpure;jh khNth ,af;fk; MAjq;fis ,g;Nghijf;Ff; ifaspf;fhJ vdj; njuptpj;J tpl;lhH. jdf;F ehlhSkd;w murpaypy; ek;gpf;if ,y;iy vd;Wk; nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; mijapl;L Nkyjpfkhf vjidAk; $w mtH kWj;Jtpl;lhH. kh NrJq;fpd; kf;fs; FbauR ,d;iwa murpay; Njitfis epiwNtw;w KbahJ vdf; $WfpwhH. Nrhtpaj; ehl;bd; rHthjpfhup ];lhypd; FKfhag; Nghl;bia
(social competition) mDkjpf;ftpy;iy vdf; Fw;wk; rhl;LfpwhH.

kd;dH gjtpia xopf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W $Wk; gpure;jh kf;fs; tpUk;gpdhy; kd;dH gjtpia ePbf;fyhk; vd;fpwhH.

,d;Dk; xU khj fhyj;jpy; cUthf;f ,Uf;Fk; ,ilf;fhy murpy; khNth ,af;fj;jpdH gq;Nfw;f ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

,ilf;fhy muR xU Gjpa ahg;ig tiua ,Uf;fpwJ. me;j ahg;G ,g;NghJs;s khNth ,af;fj;jpd; 'kf;fs; muirAk;" Neg;ghs ehlhSkd;wj;ijAk; fiyj;J khNth ,af;fj;jpdiu cs;slf;fpa xU Gjpa ,ilf;fhy muir cUthf;f ,Uf;fpwJ. ,e;j KbT tuyhw;W Kf;fpak; tha;e;jjhFk;. tuyhw;wpy; gaq;futhjpfs; ehlhSgtHfshf khWk; fhl;rp kPz;Lk; tuyhwhfpAs;sJ.  khNth ,af;fj;jpdUf;F Ml;rpapy; gq;Fkl;Lky;y NtW gy rYiffSk; toq;fg;gl ,Uf;fpwJ.

mikjp cld;ghL vOJtjw;F Kd;Ndhbahf mike;j rpy epfo;Tfs;:

Vg;upy; 6  - murUf;F vjpuhd MHg;ghl;lk; NtiyepWj;jg; Nghuhl;lq;fs; jiyefupy; ntbj;Jf; fpsk;gpd.

Vg;upy; 24  - murH Neub Ml;rpiaf; iftpl;L ehlhSkd;wj;ij kPsf; $l;LfpwhH.

Vg;;upy; 27 - Neg;ghs fhq;fpu]; fl;rpapd; jiytUk; gok;ngUk; murpay;thjpahd fpup[h gpurhj; nfha;whyh gpujkuhf epakdk;.

Vg;upy; 30  - murpay; ahg;G mitia mikf;f ehlhSkd;wk; KbT

Nk 26    - khNth ,af;fj;jpdNuhL njhlf;fg; Ngr;RthHj;ij

A+d; 2    - jiyefupy; khNth ,af;fj;jpdupd; khngUk; Nguzp

A+d; 16   - khNth ,af;fj; jiytH jiyik mikr;rNuhL re;jpg;G

jpiug;glj;jpy; fhl;rpfs; khWtJ Nghy; ele;j ,e;j khw;wq;fs; Neg;ghs ehl;bd; murpay; tiug;glj;ij Kw;whf khw;wp mikj;J tpl;lJ. ehlhSkd;wk; kd;duJ mjpfhuq;fisf; Fiwf;fj; jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wpaJ. ,jd; %yk; Kbahl;rp Kf;fhy;thrp xopj;Jf; fl;lg;gl;L kd;dH xU nghk;ik Mf;fg;gl;Ls;shH.

kd;duhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l mikr;rHfs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;! mNj rkak; rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;bUe;j khNth Nghuhspfs; tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;!

khNth ,af;fj;Jf;Fk; - Neg;ghs VO fl;rp muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; A+d; 16 ,y; vOjg;gl;l cld;gbf;ifapd; cs;slf;fk; gpd;tUkhW:

1) khNthf;fs; kw;Wk; muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; nehntk;gH 2005 ,y; fhzg;gl;l 12 mk;r Gupe;JzHT kw;wk; 25 mk;r NghHepWj;j xOf;fKiw Mfpatw;iw eilKiwg;gLj;jy;.

2) kf;fshl;rp msTNfhy;> tpOkq;fs; kw;Wk; mikjp eltbf;if Mfpatw;wpy; gw;NwhL <LgLjy;.

3) mur gilfs; kw;Wk; khNth gilfisAk; gilj;jsghlq;fisAk; fz;fhzpf;f ma;f;fpa ehLfsJ cjtpiag; ngWjy;.

4) ,ilf;fhy ahg;ig tiujy;. ,ilf;fhy muir epWTjy;. jw;NghJs;s ehlhSkd;wk; kw;Wk; khNthf;fs; cUthf;fpa 'kf;fs; muir"f; fiyj;jy;.

5) njhiy J}ug; ghHitapy; ehl;bd; eyq;fisg; ghjpf;Fk; KbTfisj; jtpHg;gjpy; kdnthUikg;ghl;il vl;Ljy;.

6) vt;tpjkhd mr;rNkh> nry;thf;Nfh> td;Kiw my;yJ gaKWj;jNyh ,y;yhJ Neg;ghs rl;lthf;f mitapy; Neg;ghs kf;fs; gq;F nfhs;tij nghWg;GWjpg;
(guarantee) gLj;jy;.

7) muir Kw;Nghf;Ff; Fzk; gilj;jjhf kPs; mikj;jy;. NghH epWj;j cld;ghl;il epue;ju mikjpahf khw;wy;. Ngr;RthHj;ij %yk; rfy rpf;fy;fSf;Fk; jPHT fhzy;.

8) ,e;j epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;ij cldbahf eilKiwg; gLj;jy;.

Neg;ghsk; cyfpy; cs;s xNunahU ,e;J ,uhr;rpak; vd;gJ njupe;jNj. Mdhy; ,e;J ,uhr;rpak; vd;w gbepiyia ehlhSkd;wk; xopj;J tpl;lJ. mg;gbr; nra;ag;gl;ljw;F kf;fs; gutyhd vjpHg;igj; njuptpj;jhHfs;.

Neg;ghsk; guk;giu kd;dHfshy; Msg;gl;L te;jJ. kd;dHfs; jpUkhypd; kW mtjhuk; vd;fpw ek;gpf;if New;Wtiu me;j ehl;L kf;fsplk; ,Ue;jJ. FbNghijapy; jha;> je;ijia ,sturH Rl;Lf; nfhd;wjd; gpd;dUk; me;j ek;gpf;if ePbf;fpwjh vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

fly;top ,y;yhj Neg;ghs ehL ngUk;ghYk; cyNfhL jdpikg;gLj;jg;gl;bUe;jJ.

cyfpd; mjpAaHe;j kiyahd ,kakiy Neg;ghsj;jy;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. fhLfs;> tpyq;Ffs;> fz;Zf;F tpUe;J jUk; ,aw;iff; fhl;rpfs; Neg;ghs ehl;by; Rw;Wyhj;Jiwf;F epiwa tha;g;gpUg;gijf; fhl;Lfpd;wd.

,Ue;Jk; Neg;ghsk; ,d;W cyfpy; cs;s twpa ehLfspy; xd;whf tpsq;FfpwJ. nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 40 tpOf;fhl;bdH tWikf; Nfhl;bd; fPo; tho;tjhf kjpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. gj;J Mz;L cs;ehl;Lg; NghH Neg;ghsj;jpd; nghUshjhuj;ij NkYk; eypar; nra;Jtpl;lJ.

ngUk;ghyhd Neg;ghs kf;fs; Ntshz;ikia ek;gpNa tho;fpwhHfs;. Neg;ghsj;jpd; nghUshjhuj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;g me;epa KjyPL mtrpakhFk;. jw;NghJ Neg;ghsj;jpd; tzpfk; mz;il ehlhd ,e;jpahtpy; jq;fpAs;sJ. Neg;ghsj;jpd; gw;wpa Kf;fpa juTfs;.

kf;fs; njhif - 26.3 kpy;ypad; (2.63 Nfhb)

jiyefuk; - fhj;kz;L

nkhop - Neg;ghsp

gug;gsT - 147>181 r. fpkP (56>827 r.iky;)

mfit vjpHghHg;G - Mz; 61 Mz;Lfs; ngz; 62 Mz;Lfs;

rkak; - ,e;J 90 tpOf;fhL gTj;jk; 10 tpOf;fhL

jdpkdpj tUkhdk; - 250 m. nlhyH (cyf tq;fp mwpf;if)

Kf;fpa Vw;Wkjp - fk;gsk;> Njhy; nghUl;fs;> rzy;> jhdpak;

Ml;rpj; jiytH - kd;dH fNae;jpuh gpH gpf;uk; \h Njt;

Neg;ghsj;jpy; Vw;gl;L tUk; murpay; khw;wq;fs;> Ml;rpahsHfs; mtHfs; kd;dHfshf ,Ue;jhYk; rup NtW ahuhf ,Ue;jhYk; rup> Fb jOtpf; NfhNyhr;r Ntz;Lk;. ,y;iyNay; kf;fs; kd;ddpd; fhiy thuptpLthHfs; vd;gjw;F rhd;W gfUfpwJ.

,e;J Neg;ghsk; ,d;W rptg;G ehlhf khwptpl;lJ! kd;dH Ml;rp NgusT kiwe;J kf;fs; Ml;rp kyHe;Js;sJ! kf;fsJ vjpHfhyk; xspkakhf ,Uf;f vkJ tho;j;Jf;fs;! (cyfj;jkpoH - A+d; 23> 2006)

 


 

jilfisr; re;jpf;fhj tpLjiy ,af;fq;fis tuyhw;wpy; fhz KbahJ!

rPg;ig xspj;J itj;J tpl;lhy; fypahzk; epd;W tpLk; vd epidj;j Gj;jprhyp Nghy tp.Gypfs; kPjhd ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; jiliag; ghHj;Jtpl;L rpq;fs murpay;thjpfSk; rpq;fs ClftpayhsHfSk; nkj;j kfpo;r;rp mile;Js;shHfs;.

xt;nthU KiwAk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPJ jil tpjpf;fg;gl;l NghJ tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; fij Kbe;J tpl;lJ vd;W nrhy;yp njd;dpyq;if ,dthj rf;jpfs; jq;fs; mupg;ig ntspg;gLj;JtJ tof;fkhd rq;fjpjhd;. 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fj;ij gaq;futhjpfs; vdr; rpj;jupj;J jil tPrg;gLtJ ,J Kjy; jlitay;y. ,e;jpah 1992 ,y; jil tpjpj;jJ. mnkupf;fh 1997 ,y; jil Nghl;lJ.  gpupj;jhdpah 2001 ,y; jil tpjpj;jJ. fdlh nrd;w Vg;gpupy; khjk; jil tpjpj;jJ. ,g;NghJ ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak;  jiltpjpj;Js;sJ.

xU tpjj;jpy; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; tpjpj;Js;s jil vy;NyhUk; Vwpa Fjpiuapy; rf;fpLj;jhH Vwpr; rWf;fp tpOe;j fijNghd;wJjhd;.

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; ,e;jj; jilfs; tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; gyj;ijNah nry;thf;ifNah Fiwf;f cjttpy;iy. ,e;jpa mnkupf;f ehLfsJ jilf;Fg; gpd;dNu tp.Gypfs; NghHf;fsj;jpy; ghupa ntw;wpfis <l;bdhHfs;. MidapwT Kfhik mnkupf;f ehl;Lj; jilf;Fg; gpd;dNu tp.Gypfs; jhf;fp mopj;J tuyhW gilj;jhHfs;.

,it vijf; fhl;Lfpd;wd vd;why; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ntspr; rf;jpfis xU NghJk; ek;gp ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mtHfs; jkpo; kf;fs; kPNj ek;gpf;if itjJs;shHfs;. mjdhy;jhd; mtHfs; jq;fs; nrhe;jf; fhypy; epw;f Kbe;jJ. ,d;Wk; epw;fpwhHfs;.

rl;lq;fspd; %yk; xU tpLjiy ,af;fj;ij xopj;Jtplyhk; vd;why; ,d;W njd; Mgpupf;fh> vupw;jpah> fpof;F jPNkhH Nghd;w ehLfs; tpLjiy ngw;wpUf;f KbahJ.

njd; Mgpupf;f tpLjiyg; Nghiu mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytH nlhdhy;l; wPfDk; gpupj;jhdpahtpd; gpujkH khHf;fwl; jl;rUk; gaq;futhjk; vd;Wk; me;jg; Nghiu top elj;jpa ney;rd; kz;Nlyh gaq;futhjp vdTk; mUr;rid nra;jhHfs;. ,dnthLf;F nts;is muRf;F MAjk; toq;fpdhHfs;. nghUshjhuj; jil tpjpf;f kWj;jhHfs;. Mdhy; me;j ehl;;bd; tpLjiyiaNah ney;rd; kz;Nlyh me;j ehl;bd; Ml;rpj; jiytuhfNth tUtijNah mtHfshy; jLj;J epWj;j Kbatpy;iy.

ney;rd; kz;Nlyh kl;Lky;y tuyhw;wpy; xU fl;lj;jpy; gaq;futhjpfs; vdg; gl;lk; #l;lg;gl;NlhH gpd;dH Ml;rpj; jiytHfshf gjtp ngw;W caHe;jhHfs;. mnkupf;fhtpd; Rje;jpug; NghUf;Fj; jiyik jhq;fpa NahHr; Nth\pq;ld; gpupj;jhdpa murpd; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; Kjyplk; ngw;wpUe;jhH.

jilfisr; re;jpahJ xLf;FKiwiar; re;jpahJ capHfis tpiyahff; nfhLf;fhJ ve;jnthU ,dKk; tpLjiy ngw;wjpy;iy vd;gNj tuyhW nrhy;ypj; jUk; ghlkhFk;.

,d;iwa cyf xOq;fpy; MAjk; Ve;Jk; cupik muRfSf;F kl;LNk cz;L vd;w epajp fhzg;gLfpwJ. tpLjiy ,af;fq;fSf;F me;j cupik ,y;iy vd Nkiy ehLfs; nrhy;fpd;wd.  

mnkupf;fhTk;> gpupj;jhdpahTk; fdlhTk; nrhy;yhj ,uz;L mk;rq;fis ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; nrhy;ypAs;sJ.

        (1)     tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jq;fsJ MAjq;fis fPNo itf;f Ntz;L;k;.

        (2)     jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jkpoHfsJ Vfg; gpujpepjpfs; my;y.

,J tpba tpba ,uhkH fij tpbe;jgpd; ,uhkUf;F rPij vd;d Kiw vd;W Nfl;ltd; fijahf ,Uf;fpwJ.

tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ve;jr; re;jHg;gj;jpYk; MAjq;fisf; fPNo itf;f khl;lhHfs;. mJ Nguj;Jf;Nfh thjj;Jf;Nfh mg;ghw;gl;lJ vd tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; murpay; nghWg;ghsH Rg. jkpo;r;nry;td; nrhy;ypj;jhd; njupa Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy. rpd;df; Foe;ijiaf; Nfl;lhNy mJ rupahd gjpy; nrhy;Yk;.

tpLjiyg; Gypfs;  jkpo; kf;fsJ Vfg; gpujpepjpfs; my;yntd;why; jkpo; kf;fspd; gpujpepjpfs; ahH vd;gij ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; njuptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. me;jg; gpujpepjpfs; ahH ahH vd;gijj; njupe;J nfhs;sj; jkpo; kf;fSf;Fk; Mirahf ,Uf;Fk;. Mde;jrq;fupAk; mjpy; xUtuh?  

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; tpjpj;j jil tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd epjp itg;Gf;fis Klf;Fk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,q;NfAk; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; ntWq;ifahy; Kok; Nghlg; ghHf;fpwJ. tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fj; jkpoPoj;Jf;F ntspNa epjp itg;G vJTk; ,y;iy vd;gJ ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;Jf;Fj; njupahjJ tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ.

tpLjiyg; Gypfis ahUk; gaKWj;jpNah nfL tpjpj;Njh mOj;jk; nfhLj;Njh topf;Ff; nfhz;L tuyhk; vd;gJ gfw; fdT. Gyp grpj;jhYk; Gy;iyj; jpd;dhJ vd;gNj tuyhwhFk;. 

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; tpLj;Js;s mwpf;if xUgf;f rhHghf ,Ue;jhYk; =yq;fh muRk; fLikahd fz;ldj;Jf;F cs;shfpAs;sJ.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; vd;d epidf;fpwJ vd;gij =yq;fhtpw;fhd xy;yhe;J ehl;Lj; JhJtH Reynout Van Dijk New;W  nlapyp kpwH ehNsl;Lf;F toq;fpa nrt;tpapy; Jy;ypakhf vLj;Jf; fhl;bAs;shH. mtuJ nra;jp =yq;fh muRf;Fk; tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; nrhy;yg;gl;lhYk; mJ =yq;fh muir kl;Lk; kdjpy; itj;Jr; nrhy;yg;gl;l nra;jpahfNt vLj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. 

“,izj; jiyik ehLfs; Nghy vkJ nray;ghLk; x];Nyh cld;ghl;il jOtpNa eilngWfpwJ. ,U rhuhupy; xU rhuhH Kd;ida cld;ghLfspy; ,Ue;J tpyfpg; Nghf tpUk;gpdhy; mij mtHfs; vq;fSf;Fj; njuptp;f;f Ntz;Lk;. fhuzk; mJ vq;fsJ epiyg;ghl;il kPs;tiuaiw nra;a cjtpahf ,Uf;Fk;” vd xy;yhe;j JhJtH nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH.

,jd; cs;Siw vd;d? ,dr; rpf;fYf;F ,izg;ghl;rp %yk; jPHT fhz Kaw;rpf;fg;gLk; vd;gJjhd; x];Nyhtpy; vLf;fg;gl;l jPHkhdkhFk;. “,izg;ghl;rp %yk; my;y xw;iwahl;rpapd; fPo; mjpfhug; gutyhf;fy; %yNk ,dr; rpf;fYf;Fj; jPHT” vdf; $wptUk; kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;irf;F xy;yhe;J ehl;Lj; JhJtH jiyapy; ey;y Fl;L itj;Js;shH. 

NkYk; xy;yhe;J ehl;Lj; JhJtH vd;d $wpapUf;fpwhH vd;gijg; ghHg;Nghk;. mtuJ fUj;Nj ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; fUj;jhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy.

 “ehq;fs; kdpjhgpdkhd cjitpaiag; gw;wp ,q;F Ngrtpy;iy. fhuzk; mJ njhlHe;J ,lk; ngWk;. Mdhy; ehq;fs; jUk; Nkk;ghl;L cjtpia KOj; jPTf;Fk; gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLf;f Kbahtpl;lhy; mJ gd;dhl;L r%fj;ij xU ,f;fl;lhd epiyf;Fj; js;sptpLk;. =yq;fh muR kdpjTupikfs; kPwg;gLtijj; jLf;f Kd;tuhtpl;lhy; Jizj; jiyik ehLfSk; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpa ehLfSk; muRf;F ,uhZt cjtpfs; toq;Ftij; jilnra;Ak; rl;lq;fis itj;jpUf;fpwd;wd vd;gij epdT+l;l tpUk;GfpNwd;. Kd;dH mnkupf;fh ,uhZt cjtpia epWj;jp ,Ue;jJ. ,g;NghJk; mJ kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,it vkJ rl;lq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;ljhy; Vw;gl;l tpisTfshFk;”

“mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijia Kd;ndLg;gJ tpLjiyg; Gypfisg; gaq;futhj ,af;fkhfg; gl;bay; ,l;lijg; Nghd;W Kf;fpakhdJ” vdj; JhJtH typAWj;jp ,Uf;fpwhH.

“Ml;rpj; jiytH ,g;NghJ vOe;Js;s epiyik jf;fthW gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jg; nghOJ njhlq;fp mikjp Kaw;rpf;F Ntz;ba jdJ <Lghl;ilj; njuptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. Jizj; jiyik ehLfSk; ehq;fSk; ghupa murpay; khw;wj;ij vjpHghHf;fpNwhk;. nfhiyahspfs; jz;lidapy; ,Ue;J jg;gp tpLk; murpay; tpyf;fPL #oy; gw;wp =yq;fh muR ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. Ml;rpj; jiytH ,Lk; fl;lisfis nghJ CopaHfs; nray;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. Kbahtpl;lhy; mjw;fhd murpay; tpisTfis re;jpf;f Ntz;b tUk;” vdj; JhJtH Reynout Van Dijk. fhl;lkhfj; njuptpj;Js;shH.   

“jkpo; kf;fSf;Fg; ghupa mNj rkak; epahakhd FiwghLfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mtw;iwj; jPHj;J itg;gjw;Fupa eltbf;iffis ,d;dKk; muR vLf;ftpy;iy.  mtw;iwj; jPHj;J itg;gjw;F muR cUg;gbahd eltbf;iffis vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. MW Rw;Wg; Ngr;RthHj;ijfspd; NghJk; n[dpthtpy; nrd;w ngg;utup khjk; vLj;j KbTfisAk; ,U gf;fj;jpdUk; eilKiwg;gLj;j kPs cWjp nra;a Ntz;Lk;” vd ,izj jiyik ehLfs; Nfl;Ls;sd. 

,izj; jiyik ehLfs; tpLj;j mwpf;ifapy; fUzh xl;Lf; FOitAk; ,gpbgp ,uz;bdJk; jhf;Fjy; eltbf;iffis muR jLg;gjpy; Njhy;tp fz;Ls;sij fLikahfr; rhbAs;sJ. ,e;jr; rhly; ,gpbgpapd; jiytiu mikr;ruitapy; itj;J moF ghHf;Fk; ,uhrgf;Nria xU ,f;fl;lhd epiyf;Fj; js;sptpl;bUf;fpwJ vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPJ tpjpj;Js;s jil Gyk;ngaH jkpoHfisAk; Kd;diu tpl gyklq;F cw;rhfg; gLj;jNt cjtpAs;sJ. =yq;fh murpd; fl;L kPwpa kdpjTupik kPwy; tpLjiyapy; gw;wpy;yhJ ,Ue;jtHfisAk; tpLjiyg; Gypfis Mjupf;f itj;Js;sJ. Kd;dH epjpAjtp nra;aj;  jkpo;kf;fs; “gyte;jk;“ nra;ag;gl;bUe;jhy; ,g;NghJ mtHfs; epjpAjtp nra;a jhkhfNt Kd;te;Js;shHfs;. jkpoPo kf;fisg; nghWj;jstpy; rpq;fs jiyikapy; itj;jpUe;j nfhQ;reQ;r ek;gpf;ifiaak; rpije;J Nghd epiyapy; mtHfis tpLjiyg; Gypfs; gf;fk; ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; ,d;Dk; neUf;fkhfj; js;spAs;sJ.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; vLj;j KbT NknyOe;jthupahfg; ghHj;jhy; xUkdjhd ,Ue;jhYk; gpuhd;];> n[Hkdp kw;Wk; ,j;jhyp ehLfs; vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;jpUe;jd.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; jilahy; mikjp te;JtpLk; vd;Nwh NghH epd;W tpLk; vd;Nwh ahUk; nrhy;y KbahJ. mjw;F vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf jpUlDf;Fg; gae;J tPl;L thrypy; “eha; ftdk;”  vd;W njhq;ftpLk; mwptpj;jy; gyifiar; nrhy;yyhk;.

FWfpa fhyg; gFjpapy; ,e;jj; jil kfpe;jh ,uhrgf;ir Nghd;w rpq;fs ,dthjpfSf;F nrhw;g kfpo;r;rpiaf; nfhLf;fyhk;. vQ;rp ,Uf;Fk; kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfsplKk; tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; jilnra;AkhW mtH Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ePz;l fhyg; gFjpapy;  Nkw;Fyf ehLfs; NkYk; NkYk; =yq;fhtpd; nray;ghLfspy; jiyapl top rikf;f top tFj;Js;sJ vd;gijj; jplkhff; $wyhk;.

,izj;jiyik ehLfspy; mnkupf;fhTk;  ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaKk; tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; jilnra;J tpl;ljhy; vQ;rpa ag;ghd; NehHNt ehLfs; kl;LNk  tpLjiyg; GypfNshL njhlHGfis itj;jpUf;f tha;g;Gs;sJ.

mNj Nghy fz;fhzpg;Gf;FOtpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s nld;khHf;> RtPld;> gpd;yhe;J ehLfspd; gpujpepjpfsJ ,Ug;Gk; Nfs;tpf;Fwpf;F cs;shfp ,Uf;fpwJ. tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; jilnra;j ehLfspd; gpujpepjpfs; gf;fr; rhHgpy;yhky; ele;J nfhs;s KbahJ vd;gNj jkpo; kf;fSila vz;zkhFk;. 

,J ,t;thwpUf;f tpLjiyg; Gypfs; NehHNtapy; ,e;j khjk; $l;l ,Uf;Fk; khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;tnjd KbT nra;Js;shHfs;. Mdhy; tpLjiyg; GypfsJ gazk; kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G ,uz;Lf;Fk; NehHNt nghWg;Ngw;why; kl;LNk tpLjiyg; Gypfs; khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;thHfs; vd murpay; nghWg;ghsH Rg. jkpo;r; nry;td; njuptpj;Js;shH.

tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Ngr;R thHj;ij njhlq;fp ehd;F Mz;LfSf;F NkyhfpAk; jPHT  vd;gJ vl;lhf; fdpahfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ $lg; gUthapy;iy. Ngr;R thHj;ijfspd; %yk; xU epahkhd ePjpahd jPHit vl;lyhk; vd;w vjpHghHg;Gk; gl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. tl-fpof;fpy; ehshe;jk; rpq;fs ,uhZtk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; nfhiyfSk; Rw;wp tisg;Gf;fSk; mjdhy; ,lk; ngWk; ,lg;ngaHTfSk; mjidNa nka;g;gpf;fpwJ.

jkpo; kf;fs; nghWikapd; vy;iyf;Nf Ngha;tpl;lhHfs; vd;Nw epidf;fj; Njhd;WfpwJ. mtHfs; jtizf; fzf;fpy; nrj;J kbfpwhHfs;. mtHfsplk; ,g;NghJ vQ;rp epw;Fk; xNu Nfs;tp tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Vd; nghWik fhf;fpwhHfs; vd;gNj.

nrd;w khtPuH ehspy; jiytH gpughfud; =yq;fh muRf;F tpLj;j FWfpa nfL neUq;fp tpl;ljhfNt mtHfs; epidf;fpwhhfs;. mg;gb mtHfs; epidj;jhy; mJ jtW vd;W ahUk; nrhy;y KbahJ.  (cyfj;jkpoH - A+d; 16> 2006) 

 


ma;;ad;dh mitapy; ,lk; gpbf;fg; NghFk; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh

ef;fPud;

,e;jf; fpoik nkhd;NuePf;Nwh (Montenegro) vd;w nrhy; nra;jp Clfq;fspy; jiyg;Gr; nra;jpahf mbgl;lJ. fhuzk; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh FbauR jdJ tuyhw;wpy; xU Gjpa mj;jpahaj;ijj; njhlf;fp itj;Js;sJjhd;.

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh xU Rje;jpu ehlhf kyuNtz;Lkh? my;yJ NrHgpah - nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ,izg;ghl;rpapy; njhlHe;J ,Uf;f Ntz;Lkh? vd;gij ,l;L xU Neub thf;nfLg;G Fbkf;fspilNa nrd;w Nk 21 Mk; ehs; elj;jg;gl;lJ.

,e;j Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; 55.5 tpOf;fhl;bdH nkhd;NuePf;Nwh FbauR jdp ehlhf khWtjw;F Mjuthf thf;fspj;jdH. ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; jdp ehl;Lf;F Mjuthff; Fiwe;jJ 55 tpOf;fhL thf;fhsH thf;fspf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epge;jidia tpjpj;jpUe;jJ. Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; fye;J nfhs;s mnkupf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J te;j RkhH 2>000 my;NgdpaHfs; Rje;jpu nkhd;NuePf;NwhTf;F Mjuthf thf;fspj;jNj thf;nfLg;gpy; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhd gf;fk; ntw;wpngw;wjw;Ff; fhuzk; vdr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

NrHgpah ehl;L Ml;rpj; jiytH nghwp]; uhbf; (Boris Tadic) nkhd;NuePf;fpNwhtpy; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhd Neubthf;nfLg;gpy; kf;fs; mspj;j jPHg;ig Kw;whf Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjhf mwptpj;Js;shH. “ehd; NrHgpah – nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ,izg;G muR njhlHtij tpUk;GfpNwd;. mNj rkak; xU rdehaf ehl;bd; rdehaf Ml;rpj; jiytH vd;w Kiwapy; nkhd;NuePf;fpNwh Fbkf;fs; Rje;jpukhf mspj;j Rje;jpuj;Jf;F Mjuthd jPHg;ig Vw;Wf;nfhs;;fpNwd;” vd nghwp]; uhbf; $wpAs;shH. NkYk; mtH vjpHfhyj;jpy; NrHgpah – nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehLfSf;F ,ilapyhd xj;Jiog;Gj; njhlu Ntz;Lk; vd;w jdJ tpUg;gj;ijAk; ntspapl;lhH.

Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; ntw;wp ngw;wijj; njhlHe;J nkhd;NuePf;Nwh muR ehlhSkd;wj;ijf; $l;b Gjpa murpay; ahg;ig tiua cs;sJ. ahg;G tiuT epiwNtw %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;F thf;Ffs; Njitg;gLk;. %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;F thf;Ffshy; ahg;G Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLk; gl;rj;jpy; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehL cyfshtpa mq;fPfhuj;ijAk; ma;f;fpa ehl;bd; cWg;GupikiaAk; ngw Kaw;rpf;Fk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpwJ.

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh vd;w nrhy;ypd; nghUs; “fUg;G kiy” vd;gjhFk;. xU fhyj;jpy; ,e;jg; gFjpia mlHe;j fhLfs; %bapUe;jd. fiuapy; ,Ue;J ghHg;gtHfSf;F my;g;]; kiyr; rupT fUg;ghff; fhl;rpaspj;jJ.

1919-1841 tiu nkhd;NuePf;Nwh A+Nfhrpyhtpah ,uhr;rpaj;jpd; xU gFjpahf tpsq;fpaJ. ,uz;lhtJ cyfg; Nghupd; NghJ ,j;jhyp ehl;Lg; gil mjidg; gpbj;J mq;F epiynfhz;lJ. gpd;dH n[Hkd; - ,j;jhyp $l;Lg; gilapdH (1941-1944) mq;F epiynfhz;bUe;jdH.  1945–1992 tiu A+Nfhrpyhtpa NrhryPr ,izg;Gf; Fbaurpy; xU Fbaurhf tpsq;fpaJ.

1922 ,y; A+Nfhrpyhtpa NrhryPr ,izg;Gf; FbauR fiyf;fg;gl;l NghJ nkhd;NuePf;Nwh NrHgpa Fbaurpy; ,ize;J NrHgpa - nkhd;NuePf;Nwh Fbaurpy; ,lk; ngw;wJ.;

1996 ,y; kpNyhnrtpf; jiyikapy; ,Ue;j NrHgpaf; FbauR nkhd;NuePf;Nwh FbauNrhL nfhz;bUe;j cwTfis Kwpj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mjd; tpisthf nkhd;NuePf;Nwh FbauR Rje;jpukhd nghUshjhuf; nfhs;ifia tFj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. Kjypy; Deutsche Mark  ehzaj;ij Gof;fj;jpy; tpl;l nkhd;NuePf;Nwh FbauR gpd;dH A+Nwh ehzaj;ij Gof;fj;;jpy; tpl;lJ. 

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh Fbaurpd; Kd;dhs; muRk; ,d;dhs; muRk; Rje;jpuj;Jf;F Mjuthd nfhs;ifiaNa gpd;gw;wp te;jd. ,jdhy; NrHgpah ehl;Nlhlhd ,uhrje;jpu – murpay; cwTfspy; KWfy; njhlHe;J epytp te;jJ.

2002 ,y; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh kw;Wk; NrHgpah ehLfs; njhlHe;J jq;fSf;F ,ilapyhd cwit tiuaiw nra;a xU Gjpa cld;ghl;il vOjpf; nfhz;ld. 2003 ,y; A+Nfhrpyhtpa ,izg;ghl;rpf;Fg; gjpyhf NrHgpah – nkhd;NuePf;Nwh vd;w xU ma;jhd Fbauir cUthf;fpdhHfs;. mg;NghJ xU Rje;jpu nkhd;NuePf;Nwh Fbair cUthf;Ftjw;fhd Neub thf;nfLg;G elj;Jk; eltbf;if %d;W Mz;LfSf;F xj;jpg; Nghlg;gl;lJ. mg;gb xj;jpg; Nghlg;gl;l Neub thf;nfLg;Ng ,g;NghJ ele;J Kbe;Js;sJ. 

mz;ikapy; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh FbauR jdJ nfhbia 1918 f;F Ke;jp ,Ue;j Kbahl;rpf; nfhbahf khw;wptpl;lJ. ,jid mLj;J nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehl;bd; Kbf;Fupa Kd;dhs; ,sturH ,uz;lhtJ epf;nfhyh ehL jpUk;gp ehl;bd; Ml;rpj jiytuhf tuf; $Lk; vd;w Cfq;fs; ntspahfpAs;sd. ,sturH jw;NghJ ghuprpy; ehL fle;J tho;fpwhH. mtH ,Jtiu mupaizf;Fupa mjpfhuj;ijj;  Jwf;ftpy;iy. ,tH nkhd;NuePf;Nwh jdpehlhf tpsq;f Ntz;Lk; vdf; Fuy; nfhLj;J te;Js;shH.  

NrHgpah – nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ,izg;ghl;rpia mnkupf;fh mq;fPfupf;tpy;iy. mnkupf;fh kl;Lky;y ngUk;ghd;ikahd ehLfs; mjid mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy.

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh Fbaurpy; thOk; kf;fspd; ,dthupahd vz;zpf;ifia (2003 Mk; Mz;L kf;fs; fzf;nfLg;G) gpd;tUk; ml;ltiz vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.

                                ,dthupahd kf;fs; njhif

,dk;

kf;fs; 
njhif

tpOf;fhL
 

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh

267>669 

43.16

NrgpaH

198>414

31.99

ngh];dpaH           

 48>184

7.77

my;NgdpaH           

 31>163

5.03

];yhtpf; K];ypk;fs;

 24>625

3.97

FnwhrpaH

  6>811

1.19

cNuhkH> vfpg;jpaH 

  2>826

0.46

VidNahH

 39>835

6.43

nkhj;jk;

619>527

100.00

1992 ,y; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh murnkhopahd NrHNgh-FNwhl; vd;w nkhopf;Fg; gjpyhf Ijekavian vd;w nkhop mur nkhopahf mwptpj;jJ. 2003 Mz;by; vLj;j  fzpg;gPl;bd; NghJ  63.5 tpOf;fhL kf;fs; jq;fsJ jha;nkhop NrHgpah vdf; $wpdhHfs;. mNj rkak; 22 tpOf;fhl;bdNu jq;fs; jha;nkhop nkhd;NuePf;fpwpd; vdj; njuptpj;jhHfs;. nkhd;NuePf;fpwpd; nkhopf;Fk; NrHgpad;> FNwhl;]; kw;Wk; ngh];dpah FNwhrpah K];ypk; kf;fs; NgRk; nkhopf;Fk; mjpf NtWghby;iy vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. rkaj;ijg; nghWj;jstpy; 74 tpOf;fhl;bdH fpof;F goikthj fpwpj;jtHfs; (Eastern Orthodox Christians) MtH. 

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh jdpehl;Lf;F Mjuthf thf;fspj;jjd; murpay; tpisTfs; vd;dthf ,Uf;Fk;?

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh Vw;fdNt NgusT xU Rje;jpu ehlhf ,Ue;J te;Js;sJ. jdpahd rl;lq;fs;> thzpf tpjpfs;> jdpahd Rq;fk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Kd;dH nrhd;dJ Nghy; A+Nwh ehzak;jhd; Gof;fj;jpy; cs;sJ. ,dpNky; ehl;bd; nghUz;kpa Nkk;ghL kw;Wk; cs;fl;Lkhdq;fs; gw;wpf; ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;b ,Uf;Fk;.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; 1990 fspy; ele;j NghHfSf;Fg; gpd;dH Nghy;f;fd; ehLfs; NkYk; Jz;lhlg;gLtij ,uhrje;jpu Kiwfspy; jLj;J tUfpwJ.

nfhNrhNth khfhzk; rpwpa epyg;gFjp. mJ ma;f;fpa ehLfspd; ghJfhg;gpy;jhd; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. mjw;F ehsiltpy; xU kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l Rje;jpuk; toq;f ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Kd;tuyhk;. mjw;fhd tha;g;gpUf;fpwJ.

njd;fpof;F ma;Nuhg;ghtpy; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehL rpwpa ehlhFk;. mjd; gug;gsT 13>812 rJu fpkP kl;LNk.

nkhd;NuePf;NwhTf;F Nkw;F> tlf;F kw;Wk; fpof;F vy;iyfs; KiwNa FNwhrpah> ngh];dpah-N`H];nfhtpdh (Bosnia – Hercegovia) NrHgpah kw;Wk; nfhnrhNth ehLfNshL njhlHGiladthf ,Uf;fpd;wd. njw;fpy; mjd; vy;iy my;Ngdpah ehl;ilj; njhLfpwJ. Vida gy ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfs; Nghyy;yhJ nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehL fly; rhHe;j ehlhFk;. ml;yhe;jpf; ngUq;fliy mz;b RkhH 200 fpkP flNyhuj;ijf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

,g;NghJ eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehl;bd; ahg;G me;j ehl;il ,iwikAs;s ehlhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ma;ad;dh mit kw;Wk; cyf mikg;Gf;fspy; Rje;jpukhfg; gq;F nfhs;sTk; ahg;G toptFf;fpwJ. Mdhy; eilKiwapy; mtw;iw ahUk; gad;gLj;jtpy;iy.

mLj;J nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehl;L ehlhSkd;wk; NrHgpa - nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ,izg;ghl;rpapy; ,Ue;J tpyfpf; nfhs;s rl;l mbg;gilahd eltbf;iffis vLf;f Ntz;Lk;.  xU jiyg;gl;rkhf Rje;jpug; gpufldk; nra;a nkhd;NuePf;Nwh murpay; jiytHfs; tpUk;gtpy;iy. NrHgpa ehl;Lj; jiytHfNshL Ngrp RKfkhd Kiwapy; jdpehl;Lf;fhd gpufldj;ijr; nra;a tpUk;GfpwhHfs;.

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehL gpupAk; gl;rj;jpy; mjidr; rl;l G+Htkhf mq;fPfupf;f ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Kd;tUk; vd;gjw;fhd rkpf;ifia mJ njuptpj;Js;sJ.

mg;gbahdhy; ma;f;fpa ehLfs; nkhd;NuePf;Nwh mitapy; 192 MtJ ehlhf ,lk; gpbf;fg; NghfpwJ. 

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh ehl;bd; tuyhw;wpy; ,Ue;J gy ghlq;fis ehk; gbj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. Fwpg;ghf-

1)      xU ehl;bd; kf;fs; njhiff;Fk; Rje;jpuj;Jf;Fk; njhlHG ,y;iy. 

2)      xU ehl;bd; gugsTf;Fk; Rje;jpuj;Jf;Fk; njhlHG ,y;iy.

3)      ,izg;ghl;rpapd; fPo; Vwj;jho xU Rje;jpu Fbaurhf ,Ue;j NghJk; kf;fs; KOikahd Rje;jpu ehl;by; tho;tijNa tpUk;gpdhHfs;.

4)      xU rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dj;jpd; rdehaf Kbitg; ngUk;ghd;ik Njrpa ,dk; kjpj;J mjid kdj; jlq;fy; vJTk; ,d;wp Vw;Wf;nfhz;l murpay; ngUe;jd;ik.

nkhd;NuePf;Nwh Nghd;w Rz;ilf;fha; ehL kl;Lky;y mJ Nghd;w my;yJ mjidtplr; rpwpa ehLfspd; nfhb ma;ad;dh kd;w Kd;wypy; gl;nlhsp tPrpg; gwf;fpd;wd.

jkpoPoj;ijtpl gug;gstpYk;  (19>509 rJu fpkP) my;yJ kf;fs; njhifapYk;  (35>000>000) Fiwthd ehLfspd; gl;;bay; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

           ehLfspd; gug;gsTk; kf;fs; njhifAk;

                      (2005  kjpg;gPL)        

                     

ehL

jiyefH

gug;gsT  rJu fpkP

kf;fs;

Andorra

Andorra la Vella

468

70549

Antigua and
Barbuda

St. John's       

443

68722

Bahrain    

 Al-Manαmah   

665

688345

Barbados  

Bridgetown 

431

279254

Brunei    

BandarSeri Begawan

5770

372361

Cape Verde

Praia     

4033

418224

Comoros

Moroni

2170

9250

Cyprus

Nicosia

9250

780133

Dominica

Roseau

754

69029

East Timor

Dili

15007

1040880

Fiji

Suva

18270

893354

Gambia

Banjul

11300

1593256

Grenada

St.George's

344

89502

Kiribati

Tarawa

811

103092

Kuwait

Kuwait City

17820

2335648

Lebanon

Beirut

10400

3826018

Liechtenstein

Vaduz

160

33717

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

2586

468571

Maldives

Male

300

349106

Malta

Valletta

316

398534

Marshal Islands

Majuro

181.3

59071

Mauritius

Port Louis

2040

1230602

Micronesia

Palikir

702

108105

Monaco

Monaco

1.95

32409

Nauru

Yaren

21

13048

Palau

Koror

458

863051

Qatar

Doha

11437

38958

St.Kitts and Nevis

Castries

261

168312

St.Lucia

Kingstown

389

117534

Samoa

Apia

2944

177287

San Marino

San Marino

61.2

28880

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome

1001

187410

Seychelles

Victoria

455

81188

Singapore

Singapore

692.7

4425720

Swaziland

Mbabane

17363

1173900

Tonga

Nuku'alofa

748

112422

Trinidad and Tobago

Port-of-Spain

5128

1088644

Tuvalu

Funafuti

26

11636

Vanuatu

Vila

12200

205754

Vatican City

-

.44

921

,jpy; rpq;fg;G+H kl;Lk; gug;gstpy; jkpoPoj;ij tpl kpfr; rpwpa ehnld;whYk; kf;fs;; njhifapy; mjidtplr; rw;Wg; ngupa ehlhFk;.

vyp tis vd;whYk; jdptis Ntz;Lk; vd;ghHfs;. xU Rje;jpu nkhd;NuePf;fpNwh ehl;Lf;F Mjuthf thf;fspj;Js;s nkhd;NuePf;fpNwh ehl;L kf;fs; tpLjiyf;fhfg; NghuhbtUk; vz;zpf;ifapy; Fiwthd Njrpa ,dq;fSf;F Kd;khjpupahf tpsq;FfpwhHfs;.  (cyfj;jkpoH - Nk 26> 2006)

                                                                                                     


 

A+d; 01> 2006

 

fiyQNu!  ePq;fSkh?

 

ef;fPud;

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPjhd jilia ,e;jpa mur NkYk; ,uz;L Mz;Lfs; ePbj;Js;sJ.  mjw;fhd murhiz Nk 14 ,y; ,e;jpa murhy; ntspaplg;gl;lJ. mjid cWjp nra;J jkpof muR Nk 20 ,y; murhiz ntspapl;Ls;sJ.

 

,e;jpa muR tp.Gypfisj; gaq;futhjpfs; vdg; gl;lk; #l;b jil nra;tJ mtHfsJ tpUg;gk;. Mdhy; me;jj; jilf;fhfr; nrhy;yg;gLk; fhuzq;fs; kpfTk; Fioe;jj;jd;ik cilajhfTk; ngha; epiwe;jjhfTk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.

 

1992 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; ve;j khw;wKk; ,d;wp xNu tpjkhd fhuzq;fisr; nrhy;yp ,e;jpa muR tp.Gypfs; kPjhd jilia ePbg;gJ Ntbf;if fye;j NtjidahFk;.

 

“jkpofj;jpYk;> njd;dpe;jpahtpy; rpy gFjpfspYk; tYthd njhlu;Gfs; cs;sd. ngl;Nuhy;> Bry;> kUe;Jfs; Nghd;w mj;jpahtrpag; nghUl;fisf; flj;jpr; nry;tjw;F mbj;jskhfj; jkpofj;ij tpLjiyg; Gypfs; njhlu;e;J gad;gLj;jp tUfpd;wdu;” vd ,e;jpa muR Fw;wQ;rhl;bAs;sJ.  Mdhy; .,e;jpa flw;fiuiaf; fz;fhzpf;Fk; flw;gilj; jsgjp Gypfspd; CLUty; ,y;iy vd mz;ikapy; mwptpj;jpUf;fpwhH. vdNt ,e;jpa muR mjw;F Neu;khwhfg; Gypfspd; CLUty; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ ngha;ahfpwJ.

 

NkYk; 'jkpou;fSf;Fj; jdp <ok; vd;w tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; Nehf;fk;> ,e;jpa xUikg;ghl;Lf;Fk;> xUq;fpizg;Gf;Fk; mr;RWj;jyhdJ. ,e;jpahtpy; xU gFjpia gpuptpid nra;af; NfhUk;…. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fk; ,e;jpahtpy; cs;s jkpo;ehL cl;gl mfz;l jkpofk; mikg;gij ,yl;rpakhff; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwJ… mJ ,e;jpahtpd; ,iwahz;ikf;F Mgj;jhdJ” vd;gjpy; nfhQ;rk; $l cz;ikapy;iy. ntWkNd fpspg; gps;is Nghy; tpLjiyg; Gypfshy; ,e;jpa xUikg;ghl;Lf;Fk; ,iwikf;Fk; Mgj;J vd XahJ ngha; $wptUfpwhHfs;.

 

tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jq;fs; ,yl;rpak; jkpoPok; vd mwptpj;J mijkPl;f MAjNke;jpg; Nghuhb tUfpwhu;fs; vd;gJ cyfk; mwpe;j cz;ikahFk;. Mdhy; jkpoPoj;ijAk; ,e;jpahtpy; cs;s jkpo;ehl;ilAk; cs;slf;fpa mfz;l jkpoPoNk tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; ,yl;rpak; vd;W ve;jf; fl;lj;jpYk; mtHfs; nrhd;djpy;iy. jkpo;ehL ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J gpupe;J Nghtij Mjupj;J ve;j xU jUzj;jpYk; mtHfs; fUj;J ntspaplTk; ,y;iy. 

 

,g;gbahd ngha;g; gug;Giuia ,e;jpa Clfq;fs;> Fwpg;ghfg; ghHg;gd nra;jp;j;jhs;fs; jpl;lkpl;Lg; gug;gp tUfpd;wd. nry;tp n[ayypjh> Jf;sf; Nrh> Rg;gpukzpad; Rthkp Nghd;w ghHg;gd murpay;thjpfSk; me;jj; jpUg;gzpia ePz;l fhykhfr; nra;J tUfpwhHfs;.

 

xU ehl;by; ,Ue;J xU gFjp gpupe;J Nghtjw;F rupahd murpay;> nghUshjhu> r%f fhuzpfs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J ghfp];jhd; gpuptjw;F kjk; xU fhuzkhf ,Ue;jJ. mJ NghyNt ghfp];jhdpy; ,Ue;J gq;fhsNj\; gpupe;J Nghtjw;F nkhop xU fhuzkhf ,Ue;jJ.

 

,e;jpa murhizia Vw;W jkpof muRk; tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; jil nra;Js;sJ. Nfs;tp vd;dntd;why; jkpof Kjy;tUf;Fk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; gw;wpa cz;ik njupahjh? tuyhW njupahjh?

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; gd;Kf tuyhw;iw me;ehs; njhl;L ,e;ehs; tiu njupe;J itj;jpUg;gtH jkpof Kjy;tuhf ,Uf;Fk; fiyQu; fUzhepjp vd;gJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupe;j cz;ik.

 “<oj;jkpoh;fspd; Nghuhl;lk; mikjp top %yk; jPh;T fhz Kbahtpbd; fj;jpapd;wp ,uj;jkpd;wpg; gphpe;j nrf;Nfhrpyhthf;fpah Nghd;W ,Uehlhfg; gpupe;J nfhs;tNj rpwe;jJ” vd jdJ  77 MtJ gpwe;j ehs; tpohtpy; nrhd;dtH fiyQH MthH.

“,yq;ifapYs;s jkpo; kf;fspd; epahaG+u;tkhd Nghuhl;lq;fSf;Fk;> tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; jp.K.f. muNrh my;yJ ehNdh xUNghJk; vjpuhspfs; my;y> ,yq;ifapy; jkpo; kf;fs; RgPl;rkhf tho Ntz;Lk;> mq;F rkhjhdk; Vw;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj vdJ ngUtpUg;gk;” vd kpf mz;ikapy; nfhOk;gpy; ,Ue;J ntsptUk; jpdf;Fuy; ehNsl;Lf;F nrt;tp nfhLj;jtH fiyQH MthH. 

“cyfj; jkpou;fspd; ftdj;ij <u;j;Js;sJk;> njhlu;e;J ftiy mspj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gJkhd ,yq;ifj; jkpou;fs; gpur;rpid mikjp Ngr;Rthu;j;ijapd; %yk; tpiutpy; jPHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;W jkpo;ehl;L kf;fspd; ,e;j muR tpUk;GfpwJ” vd nrd;w fpoik jkpofr; rl;lrigapy; thrpf;fg;gl;l MSeu; ciuapy; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jtH fiyQH MthH.

“cyfpy; ve;j %iyapy; thOfpd;w jkpoDk; Jd;gg;gLk;NghJ mtDf;fhf Fuy; nfhLg;Ngd;” vdr; nrhd;dtH fiyQH MthH.

,itnay;yhk; cz;ikahdhy; tp.Gypfis jilnra;tjw;Fg;  ngha;ahd Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fisr; Rkj;jp ,e;jpa muR gpwg;gpj;j murhizia Vw;W jkpof Kjy;tUk; jil Miz gpwg;gpj;jJ  jkpoPo kf;fis Vkhw;wj;Jf;Fs; Mo;j;jpAs;sJ.

fyQH fUzhepjp jiyikapy; Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jpUf;Fk; jpKf muR n[ayypjh murpdhy; ,aw;wg;gl;l nfhba rl;lq;fis mRu Ntfj;jpy; ,y;yhky; mfw;wp ,Uf;fpwJ. kjkhw;wr; rl;lk;> Nfhapy;fspy; gyp nfhLg;gijj; jLf;Fk; rl;lk;> v];kh  Nghd;wtw;iw jkpof muR xopj;Js;sJ. nra;jp VLfs;> ClftpayhsHfs; kPJ njhlug;gl;l 342 mtJhW tof;Ffisj; jpUg;gg; ngw;Ws;sJ. Ntiyapy; ,Ue;J ePf;fg;gl;l  gjpd;%thapuk; kf;fs; eyg; gzpahsHfSf;F kPz;Lk; Ntiy nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,t;thW mjpubahf Kd;ida murpd; kf;fshl;rpf;Fg; ghjfkhd rl;lq;fis ,y;yhJ nra;j jpKf muR ,e;jpa mur Mizia mr;ruk; gprfhJ Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sJ tpag;ig mspf;fpwJ.

Kd;ida Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy;jhd;  jkpofr; rl;lkd;wj;jpy; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; kPJ jil tpjpf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w jPu;khdj;ij n[ayypjh muR nfhz;Lte;J epiwNtw;wpaJ. vdNt mNj rl;lkd;wj;jpy; me;jj; jilia ePf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w jPu;khdj;ijf; nfhz;L te;J jpKf muR epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;.  mt;thW nra;Ak; NghJjhd; fiyQH fUzhepjpf;F jkpoPoj; jkpoH kPJs;s fuprid nka;g;gpf;fg;gLk;.  

tlehl;L ,e;jpf;fhuDf;F tp.Gypfspd; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; epahak; njupahky; ,Uf;fyhk;.  my;yJ njupahjJ Nghy; ebf;fyhk;. Mdhy; vy;yhk; njupe;j Kjy;tH fUzhepjp mNj gpioia tpLtij jkpoPo kf;fs; nrupf;f khl;lhHfs;. ,jid Kjy;tH fUzhepjpf;F gzpNthL nrhy;yp itf;ff; flikg;gl;Ls;Nshk;.  (rdtup - 2006)