mLj;j fl;lj;Jf;F efu Ntz;Lk;!

 

ef;fPud;

 

fdba jkpoH Nguit Kd;ndLj;j xw;Wik thuk; nrd;w Nk 8 Mk; ehs; jpq;fs; njhlq;fp Nk 16 Mk; ehs; QhapW epiwTw;wJ.

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfis fdba muR gaq;futhj ,af;fg; gl;baypy; nrd;w Vg;gpupy; 8 Mk; ehs; njhlf;fk; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mjidf;  fz;bj;Nj ,e;j xw;Wik thuk; mDl;bf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

cz;ikapy; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd rl;lk;  (Bill C36) nrd;w 2001 Mk; Mz;L ,Wjpapy; ypguy; fl;rp Ml;rpapd; NghJ ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;L tpl;lJ. mjd; gpd; ypguy; muR 38 mikg;Gf;fis me;jg; gl;baypy; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. Mdhy; tp.Gypfs; mjpy; NrHf;fg;gltpy;iy. mg;gb tpLjiyg; Gypfisg; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHg;gJ NehHNt ehl;L mDruizAld; tp.GypfSf;Fk; = yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; eilngw;W te;j mikjpg; Ngr;RthHj;ijiag; ghjpf;Fk; vd ypguy; muR fUjpaJ. Kf;fpakhf Kd;dhs; ntspAwT mikr;rH gpy; fpwfk; mg;gb epidj;jhH. mtuJ nry;thf;Ff; fhuzkhfNt tp.Gypfisg; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHf;Fk; csTj;Jiwapd; Kaw;rp epiwNtwtpy;iy.

 

cz;ikapy; fdba csTj; Jiw (CSIS) tp.Gypfisg; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHg;gjw;F %d;W Kiw Kaw;rpj;jJ. Mdhy; mJ ntw;wp ngw tpy;iy. Mdhy; tyJrhupg; giokthjf; fl;rp Ml;rpf;F te;jJk;  kPz;Lk; csTj;Jiw Kaw;rpj;J ntw;wp ngw;W tpl;lJ.

 

gaq;futhj mr;RWj;jiy Cjp Cjpg; ngupjhf;fpf; fhl;LtJ vd;gJ  vy;yh ehl;L csTj;JiwfSf;Fk; nghJthd xU epajp MFk;. epjpAjtp> Ms; mzp> gjtp caHT kw;wk; rYiffisg; ngUf;f ,e;jg; gaq;futhjg; G+r;;rhz;b cjTfpwJ!

 

tp.Gypfs; jil nra;ag;gl;l nra;jpia Kjypy; Ke;jpf; nfhz;L ntspapl;l ehNsL National Post MFk;. Vida ehNsLfs; ,uz;nlhU ehs; fopj;Jj;jhd; me;jr; nra;jpia ntspapl;ld.

 

tyJrhup National Post ehNsL ePz;l fhykhf tp.GypfSf;F vjpuhd nra;jpfis jpupj;J ntspapl;L te;jJ epidtpUf;fyhk;. tp.Gypfs; rptg;G tpsf;Fg; gFjpiaj; njhlf;fp mjd; thapyhfTk; gzk; NrHf;fpwhHfs; vd;w KOg; ngha;ia ,q;F ,aq;Fk; McKenzie Institute ,af;FeH Thompson Mckenzie ia Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b xU mtJhwhd gug;Giuia Kd;dH mJ nra;jJ. me;jg; gug;Giuf;F vjpHg;Gj; njuptpf;Fk; Kfkhf fdba jkpoHfshy; ngupa MHg;ghl;lg; Nguzp $l elj;jg;gl;lJ. mt;thwhd xU ehNsL tp. Gypfs; jilnra;ag;gl;l nra;jpia Ke;jpf; nfhz;L ntspapl;ljpy; tpag;gpy;iy. csTj;JiwNa me;jr; nra;jpia National Post ehNsl;Lf;F Kjypy; frpa tpl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;!

 

ypguy; fl;rp Ml;rpapd; NghJ National Post Mrpupa FO md;iwa Jizg; gpujkUk; nghJg; ghJfhg;G mikr;rUkhd Anne McLellan ia Neupy; fz;L tp.Gypfis gaq;futhj ,af;fg; gl;baypy; NrHf;FkhW typAWj;jpf;  Nfl;bUe;jJ! xU Njrpa ehNsl;bd; Mrpupa FO ,t;thwhd Ntz;LNfhNshL xU mikr;riur; re;jpj;Jg; NgrpaJ ,JNt tuyhw;wpy; Kjy; jlitahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

ele;J Kbe;j nghJj; NjHjYf;F 5 ehl;fs; ,Uf;f (rdtup 18) ,d;iwa ntspAwT mikr;rH gPl;lH kf;Nfia  National Post ehNsL xU cs;Nehf;NfhL nrt;tp fz;lJ. mg;NghJ goikthjf; fl;rp Ml;rpf;F te;jhy; tp.Gypfs; ,af;fk; gaq;futhjg; gl;baypy; NrHf;fg;gLkh? vd xU Nfs;tp Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;Fg; gjpyspj;j gPl;lH kf;Nf ,e;jf; Nfs;tpf;fhd FWfpa gjpy; Mk; (The short answer is yes”) vdg; gjpy; ,Wj;jhH.  ,e;j nrt;tp nuhwd;Nuh ngUk;ghfg; gFjpapy; Nghl;bapl;l goikthjf; fl;rp Ntl;ghsHfis xU ,f;fl;by; khl;baJ. mtHfs; goikthjf; fl;rpj; jiyikNahL njhlHG nfhz;L kf;Nf nrhd;d fUj;Jf;F kWg;Gj; njuptpf;f mOj;jk; nfhLj;jhHfs;. mjd; tpisthf goikthjf; fl;rp xU nra;jp mwpf;ifia ntspapl;lJ.

 

mjpy; goikthjf; fl;rp Ml;rpf;F te;jhy; NehHNt =yq;fhtpy; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;s mikjpg; Ngr;RthHj;ijfspy; fdlh ,uhrje;jpu kl;lj;jpy; <LgLtjw;F Kd;Dupik mspf;Fk;. fdba epjp cjtpia mjpfupg;gjd; %yk; Ngr;r thHj;ij Clhf xU mikjpahd jPHit vl;Ltjf;fhd #o;epiyia mjpfupf;Fk;. goikthjf; fl;rp Ml;rpf;F te;jhy; =yq;fhtpw;fhd fdba Nkk;ghL kw;Wk; kdjhgpkhd epjpAjtpia mjpfupf;Fk;. mg;gbahd cjtpfs; muR rhHgw;w mikg;Gf;fs; %yk; vy;yh kf;fSf;Fk; gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLg;gijAk; cWjp nra;Ak; vd;W njuptpf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

“The Conservative Party of Canada's priority is to increase Canada's  diplomatic participation in the Norway peace process in Sri Lanka,  backed  by increased Canadian assistance spending to further build the  conditions  for a negotiated peace in Sri Lanka ….  A Conservative government would increase Canada's humanitarian and development assistance spending in Sri Lanka and would ensure that it   is  equitably distributed to people in need through non-governmental organizations”

 

,J tl;Lf; Nfhl;ilf;F top vd;dntd;W Nfl;ltDf;F Jl;Lf;F vl;Lg; ghf;F vd;w nrhd;dtd; fij khjpup ,Ue;jJ.

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; NjHjYf;F Kd;dH tp.Gypfs; jilnra;ag;gLtH vd;w nra;jpia mKf;fp itf;FkhW goikthjf; fl;rpapd; jiyik kpd;dQ;ry; %yk; jdJ fl;rpf;fhuHfisf; Nfl;bUe;jJ!

 

vdNt goikthjf; fl;rp jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfis jilnra;jjpy; ve;j tpag;Gk; ,y;iy. kdpjTupik fz;fhzpg;G mikg;G (HRW) tp.Gypfs; Gyk; ngaHe;J thOk; jkpoHfsplk; ,Ue;J ,Wjp Aj;jj;Jf;F ntUl;bg; gzk; gwpf;fpwJ (Funding The Final War: LTTE Intimidation and Extortion in the Tamil Diaspora vdg; gugug;ghg kfplkpl;L 45 gf;f mwpf;ifia ntspapl;lJ. mjid ,q;Fs;s Clfq;fs; grpj;j khL fk;gd; nfhy;iyapy; tpOe;j fijahf Muthuj;NjhL ngupa nra;jpahf ntspapl;ld. ,JTk; tp.Gypfisj; jilnra;tjw;F goikthjf; fl;rp muRf;F ey;y rhl;lhfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

 

kdpjTupik fz;fhzpg;G mikg;G ,yq;ifapy; eilngWk; kdpjTupik kPwy;fis ntspf; nfhzHtjw;Fg; gjpy; fdlhtpy; cs;s jkpoHfis ,yf;F itj;J mwpf;if jahupj;jjpy; cs;Nehf;fk; ,Ue;jJ. ,e;j mikg;G mnkupf;fhtpy; ,aq;Fk; tyJrhup mwf;fl;lisfs; nfhLf;Fk; gzj;jpNyNa VH cOfpwJ vd;gij ,q;F Fwpg;gpl Ntz;Lk;.

 

fdba jkpoH Nguit xw;Wik thuk; (Solidarity Week) vd Vd;jhd; ngaH #l;bdhHfNsh njupatpy;iy. mg;gbg; ngaH itj;jjd; %yk; fdba jkpoupilNa  xw;Wik ,y;iy vd;w vjpHkiwj; Njhw;wj;ij cz;lhf;fp tpl;ljhfg; gyH epidj;jhHfs;. xw;Wik thuk; vd;gjw;Fg; gjpy; vjpHg;G thuk; vdg; ngaH ,l;bUf;fNtz;Lk;.

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; jkpoPo tpLjiyg;  Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F vjpHtpidahd czHT fdba; jkpo;kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,y;iy. kf;fs; fhl;Lk; MjuT> ntspg;gLj;Jk;  czHT> Ntfk; mt;tg;NghJ  $bf; Fiwayhk;. Mdhy; mikg;G mbg;gilapy; vjpHg;G ,y;iy vd;gNj cz;ikahFk;. ,uz;nlhU Gy;YUtpfs; rpy vjpHr; rf;jpfSf;Fg; gpd; kiwe;J epd;W nfhz;L KJfpy; Fj;j Kaw;rpf;fyhk;. mjw;F Nky; vjpHg;ghsHfs;  vijAk; rhjpf;f KbahJ.

 

xw;Wik thuk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; xU Gjpa vOr;rpia cUthf;f cjtpAs;sJ vd;gij ahUk; kWf;f KbahJ. Fwpg;ghf khztHfs; kj;jpapy; ngupa jhf;fj;ijAk; tpopg;GzHitAk; Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

 

xU r%fj;jpd; <l;b Kidfshf tpsq;FgtHfs; khztHfs;. mtHfs; epidj;jijr; rhjpf;ff; $batHfs;. mypfhH gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j  ,f;ghy; vd;w khztd; fz;l fdTjhd; ,d;W ghfp];jhd; vd;w Rje;jpu ehlhfg; Gtpapay; glj;jpy; ,lk; gpbj;Js;sJ.

 

nky; yh];l;nkd; rJf;fj;jpy; Nk 9 Mk; ehs; ,lk;ngw;w MHg;ghl;lg; Nguzpapd; NghJ Ehw;Wf; fzf;fhd khztHfs; fUg;G cil mzpe;J fUg;Gf; nfhbNahL fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;.  jd;dhl;rp cupik vq;fsJ mbg;gil cupik! mjid ahUk; jLf;f KbahJ! vd xNu Fuypy; mtHfs; Kof;fk; ,l;lhHfs;.

 

ehq;fs; ,e;j ehl;bd; Fbkf;fs;! ehq;fs; ,uz;lhk;juf; Fbkf;fs; my;y! mg;gb elj;jg;gLtij mDkjpNahk;! vdTk; Jzpr;rNyhL Kof;fk; ,;l;lhHfs;.

 

];fhgNuh nghJkf;fs; muq;fpy; ClftpayhsH khehLk; fz;fhl;rpAk; kpfTk; rpwg;ghf ele;jJ. muq;F epiwa kf;fs; FOkpapUe;jhHfs;.

 

fdba muR ,aw;wp eilKiwg;gLj;Jfpw gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd rl;lk; xU gaq;fukhd rl;lk; vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy. ,e;jr; rl;lk; ,e;j ehl;Lf; Fbkf;fsJ mbg;gil kdpjTupikfSf;F Mg;G itf;fpwJ.

 

xU eld muq;Nfw;wj;Jf;F xOq;F nra;ag;gl;l fy;Yhup muq;Ff;F ghJfhg;G toq;f fhty;Jiw kWj;Js;sJ. mjw;Fr; nrhy;yg;gl;l fhuzk; mjid xOq;F nra;j jkpoH GdHtho;Tf; fofr; nrayhsH xU fpwpkpdy; Fw;wthsp vdf; fhty; Jiw ma;ag;gl;ljhk;! ,e;jr; rl;lj;ij vg;gb fhty;Jiw eilKiwg;gLj;jg; NghfpwJ vd;gjw;F ,e;j epfo;it xU nts;Nshl;lkhf vLj;Jf; nfhssyhk;.

 

tp.Gypfs; ,af;fk; vd;w xU mikg;G fdlhtpy; ,y;iy. cWg;gpdHfSk; ,y;iy.   Mdhy; tp.Gypfis gaq;futhj ,af;fg; gl;baypy; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ fdba jkpoHfs; vy;NyhiuAk; fpwpkpdy; Fw;wthspfs; vdf;  fhty;Jiw ma;aj;NjhL ghHf;f top tFj;Js;sJ. ,d;Ws;s epiyik ,Jjhd;.

 

mnkupf;fhtpy; tp.Gypfs; ,af;fk; jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. Mdhy; me;jj; jil tp.GypfsJ MAjf; nfhs;tdTf;F epjp Nrfupg;gjw;F vjpuhd jil kl;LNk. mJ ePq;fyhf tp.GypfsJ kUj;Jtk;> fy;tp  Nghd;w kdpjhgpkhdg; gzpfSf;F epjp Nrfupg;gJ jilnra;ag;gltpy;iy. murpay; nray;ghLfSk; jil nra;ag;gltpy;iy. ,J njhlHghf njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s tof;fpy; mnkupf;f  ePjp kd;wk; vtw;iwr; rl;lg;gb nra;ayhk; vtw;iwr; rl;lg;gb nra;ag;$lhJ vd;gij njspTgLj;jpAs;sJ.

 

mnkupf;fhtpy; Ngr;R> vOj;J kw;Wk; ($l;lk;) $Ljy; Nghd;w Rje;jpuq;fs; ahg;gpy; njspthf tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Mdhy; fdlhtpy; cupikfs; kw;Wk; Rje;jpuq;fSf;fhd gl;lak; (Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms) ve;jsTf;F ,t;thwhd Rje;jpuq;fisg; ghJfhf;fpwJ vd;gJ njupatpy;iy. mJ ntWk; Vl;Lr; Ruf;fhah ,y;iyah vd;gij ,d;Dk; ahUk; ePjpkd;wj;ijf; nfhz;L ciuj;Jg; ghHf;ftpy;iy!

 

cyfj; jkpoH ,af;fk; gaq;futhj jilr; rl;lk; njhlHghf gaDs;s  mwpTiu toq;Fk; Mtzk; xd;iw ntspapl;Ls;sJ. tof;fwpQHfsJ MNyhridapd; mbg;gilapy; jahupj;Js;s ,e;j mwpTiuia vy;NyhUk; ftdkhfg; gbj;J mjd;gb elf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,J kpfTk; mtrpak;.

 

fdlh kf;fshl;rp eilKiwapy; cs;s ehL. gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd fUg;Gr; rl;lq;fs; rl;lg; Gj;jfj;jpy; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jhYk; rl;lj;jpd; Kd; vy;NyhUk; rkk; vd;w Nfhl;ghL nkr;rj; jFe;j Kiwapy; eilKiwapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. xU fhty;fhuH my;yJ njhopy; nfhLg;gtH xU rpWghd;ik ,dj;ijr; NrHe;jtiug; ghFgLj;jpg; ghHf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ehl;bd; rl;lk; vy;yhf; Fbkf;fisAk; xj;j cupik xj;j epiw xj;j tpiy cilatHfshfNt ghHf;fpwJ. Kjy; ju ,uz;lhk;ju Fbkf;fs; vd;w ghFghL fdlhtpy; ,y;iy.

 

jkpo;kf;fisg; nghWj;jstpy; mtHfs; fdba rl;l jpl;lq;fSf;F kjpg;gspj;J xOf Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy; khWgl;l fUj;J ,y;iy. mNj rkak; mePjpahd rl;lq;fSf;F jiytzq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epajpAk; ,y;iy. mePjpfSf;F mikjp topapy; vjpHg;Gj; njuptpf;f mtHfs; Kd; tuNtz;Lk;. mJ mtHfsJ mbg;gil  rdehaf cupik MFk;.

 

fdlhtpy; tp.Gypfs; ,af;fk; jil nra;ag;gl;ljw;F ,q;Fs;s fdba jkpoHfspd; gug;Giug; gw;whf; Fiw fhuzk; vdg; NguhrpupaH rptj;jk;gp Nghd;NwhH epidf;fpwhHfs;. mtHfsJ Mjq;fk; vq;fSfF tpsq;FfpwJ. Mdhy; mtHfs; epidg;gJ Nghy; epidg;gJ Nghd;w epiyik ,q;fpy;iy.  

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; fdba Ml;rp mjpfhuj;ij xU tyJrhup murpay; fl;rp ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. mijj; jLf;Fk; Mw;wy; jkpo;f; fdba kf;fsJ ifapy; ,y;iy.

 

,d;Dk; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; goikthjf; fl;rp Ntl;ghsHfs; (xU jkpoH cl;gl) jkpoHfs; nrwpe;J thOk; njhFjpfspy; Nghl;bapl;L ntw;wp ngwtpy;iy. vy;NyhUk; Njhw;Wg; Ngha;tpl;lhHfs;.

 

ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F xU njhFjpapNyDk; xU Ntl;ghsiu ntw;wp mila itf;Fk;  thf;Fg; gyk; fdba jkpoHfsplk; ,g;NghJ ,y;iy. Nghl;b kpff; fLikahf ,Ue;jhy; kl;LNk fdbaj; jkpoHfsJ thf;Fg; gyk; ,uz;nlhU njhFjpfspy; ntw;wp Njhy;tpia epr;rapf;f cjTk;.  

 

NkYk; Lobbyists cjtpia ehbapUe;jhy; ,e;jj; jiliaj; jtpHj;jpUf;fyhk; vdr; rpyH epidf;fpwhHfs;. Lobbyists itj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F Mfpw ngUe;njhifr; nryTf;F Ntz;ba gz gyk; jkpoHfsplk; ,y;iy. National Post ehNsl;Lf;F vjpuhfj; njhLj;j tof;F epjp gw;whf; Fiwfhuzkhf iftplg;gl;lJ epidT $uj;jf;fJ.

 

cyf murpaypy; fdlh nrYj;Jk; nry;thf;F kpff; FiwT. ,jid fdba  ntspAwT mjpfhupfNshL Ngrpg; ghHj;jhy; njupAk;. mtHfNs vq;fNshL nkdf;nflhky; mnkupf;fhitf; fhf;fha; gpbf;FkhW mwpTiu nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

 

fdlh tpjpj;Js;s jilahy; ghjpg;G ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; ngupa mstpy; ghjpg;G ,y;iy. mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah> ,e;jpah Nghd;w ehLfs; tpjpj;j jilfspd; jhf;fj;ijtpl fdba muR tpjpj;Js;s jil ngupa jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jg; Nghtjpy;iy.

 

`hkh]; ,af;fj;ij mnkupf;fh jil nra;Js;sJ. fdlh jil nra;Js;sJ. Mdhy; ,tw;iw vy;yhk; kPwpj;jhd; `hkh]; .,af;fk;  Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ.  Ml;rpia `hkh]; ifg;gw;wpaij nrupf;f Kbahj mnkupf;fh> fdlh> ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Nghd;w ehLfs; ghy];jPdpa muRf;Ff; nfhLj;J tUk; epjpf; nfhLg;gdit epWj;jptpl;ld. ,e;j mOj;jq;fSf;F mire;J nfhLf;fhky; `hkh]; ,af;fk; Ml;rp elj;jp tUfpwJ. ,J vq;fSf;F xU gbg;gpidahFk;.

 

xw;Wik thuk; xU thuj;NjhL Kbtile;Jtplf; $lhJ. goikthj muRf;F vjpuhd Nghuhl;lj;ij ehk; gbg;gbahf Kd;ndLj;Jf; nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;Lk;.

 

xU tpjj;jy; tp.Gypfs; kPJ tpjpf;fg;gl;l jil vjpHkhwhd ed;ikiar;  nra;Js;sJ. Jhq;fpf; fple;j Gypfis (kf;fis)  jl;b vOg;gp tpl;bUf;fpwhHfs;! mjw;fhf goikthj muRf;F ehk; ed;wp nrhd;dhYk; gUthapy;iy! (cyfj;jkpoH - 19-05-2006)

 

 

 


 

kPz;Lk; jkpo;ehl;by; fiyQH Ml;rp!

 

ntw;wp ngw;wtiu vy;NyhUk; nrhe;jk; nfhz;lhLthHfs;. Njhy;tp ngw;wtH Vjpyp MfptpLthH. mtiu ahUk; fz;L nfhs;sNt khl;lhHfs;. cyf epajp ,JthFk;.

 

,jw;F mika jpKf tpd;; mwpthyak; fy fyg;NghL njhz;lHfspdhy; epuk;gp topa mjpKf jiyikafk; ntwpr;Nrhbf; fple;jJ. Ngha]; Njhl;lj;Jf;Fk; me;jf; nfjpjhd;. ele;J Kbe;j NjHjypy; -

 

jpKf $l;lzp 163 njhFjpfspy; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ.

 

jpKf                   - 96
fhq;fpu];                - 34
ghkf                   - 18
fk;A+dp];l; (khHf;rp];l;)    -  9
,e;jpa fk;A+dp];l;        -  6

 

mjpKf $l;lzp  69 njhFjpfspy; ntw;wp <l;bAs;sJ.

 

mjpKf               -   60
kjpKf               -    6
tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs;   -   2
ma;vd;upA+rp            -   1    

 

NjHjYf;F Kd;Gk; NjHjy; ehsd;Wk; elj;jg;gl;l fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gf;fs; jpKf jiyikapyhd rdehaf Kw;Nghf;F mzpNa ngUntw;wp ngWk; vdf; $wpd. KbTfs; fpl;lj;jl;l fUj;Jf;fzpg;Gf;fis xj;J ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

Njhy;tpia Kd;$l;bNa kze;Jnfhz;l Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH n[ayypjh thf;Fg;gjpT ele;j md;Nw rpWjhT+H gq;fshTf;Fj;  jdJ capHj; Njhop rrpfyh rfpjk; Xa;ntLf;fr; nrd;W tpl;lhH.

 

NjHjypy; mjpf ,lq;fspy; ntw;wp ngw;w jpKf fl;rpapd; jiytH vd;w Kiwapy; fiyQH K.fUzhepjp 5 MtJ Kiwahf jkpo;ehl;bd; Kjy;tuhf ehis Kb #l;bf; nfhs;fpwhH.

1957 Mz;L njhlf;fk; ele;j 11 rl;lrigj;  NjHjy;fspYk; fUzhepjp njhlHr;rpahf ntw;wp ngw;W rhjid gilj;Js;shH.

 

mWjpg; ngUk;ghd;ik (118) ,y;yhj jpKf fl;rpf;F ghkf Tk; ,uz;L fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk; ntsppay; ,Ue;J MjuT njuptpf;Fk; vd mwptpj;Js;sd. Mdhy; ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; fl;rp Ml;rpapy; gq;F Nfl;Fk; vdj; njupfpwJ. mJ rupnad;why; 1952 Mk; Mz;L ,uhrhrp jiyikapy; gjtpNaw;w $l;lzp Ml;rpf;Fg; gpwF kPz;Lk; jkpo;ehl;by; $l;lzp Ml;rp mikag; NghfpwJ.   

 

1967 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; jpKf Tk; mjpKf Tk; khwp khwp jkpo;ehl;il Ml;rp nra;J tUfpd;wd. ,jw;F tpjptpyf;F vk;[pMH Ml;rpf; fhyk;. 1977 Mk; Mz;L ele;j NjHjypy; mNkhf  ntw;wp ngw;W Ml;rpf;F te;j vk;[pMH kPz;Lk; 1980> 1984 Mz;Lfspy; ele;j NjHjypy; mLj;jLj;J ntw;wp <l;bdhH. ,wf;Fk; tiu (1987 Mk; Mz;L bnrk;gH khjk; 24) mtiu ahuhYk; mirf;f Kbatpy;iy!

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; jpKf $l;lzpf;F 44.58 tpOf;fhL thf;FfSk; mjpKf $l;lzpf;F 39.83 tpOf;fhL thf;FfSk; tpOe;Js;sd. ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s NtWghL ntWkNd 4.75 tpOf;fhlhFk;. %d;W njhFjpfspy; ngUk;ghd;ik thf;Ffs; 100 Fk; Fiwthf ,Ue;Js;sJ.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; gzk; jz;zPuhf ,uz;L mzpfshYk; ,iwf;fg;gl;lJ. jpKf it tpl MSk; fl;rp vd;w Kiwapy; mjpKf gzj;ij gzk; vd;W ghuhky; ms;sp tPrpaJ. xt;nthU njhFjpapYk; 2 Nfhb c&gh nrytopf;fg;gl;ljhf nra;jpfs; $wpd.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; mjpKf Vd; Njhw;wJ? Njhy;tpf;F ahH fhuzk;?

 

NjHjy; mwpf;ifia ntspapl;Lg; Ngrpa n[ayypjh  jpKfTk; fUzhepjpAk; vd; guk;gu vjpupfs;! jpKf re;jpf;Fk; filrpj; NjHjy; ,Jjhd; vd;W #Siuj;jhH. md;Nw NjHjy; fsk; #L gpbf;fj; njhlq;fptpl;lJ.

mk;ikahH nrhy;tJ rup! rupj;jpu MrpupaHfSk; mg;gbj;jhd; vOjp itj;Js;shHfs; vd fUzhepjp gjpy; ,Wj;jhH!

 

jpKfTk; fUzhepjpAk; vd; murpay; vjpupfs; vd;W nrhy;tJ NtW jpKfTk; fUzhepjpAk; vd; guk;giu vjpupfs; vd;W n[ayypjh nrhy;tJ NtW.

 

n[ayypjhTf;F murpay; guk;giu vd;W xd;Wk; ,y;iy. murpaypy; m M $lj;njupahj mtiu vz;gJfspy; vk;[pMH jhd; murpaYf;F ,Oj;J te;jhH.  vdNt mtH guk;giu vjpup vd;W Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ jpuhtplg; guk;giuiaj;jhd; #wpg;gpLfpwhH vd;gJ nts;splkiy.

 

    mfq;fhuk;
    Mztk;
    Mlk;guk;
    jiyf;fdk;
    tha;f; nfhOg;G
    ehd; ehd; vd;w kkij
    kw;wtHfis vLj;njwpe;J NgRk; jpkpHg; Nghf;F 
    Nrhjplk;
    %l ek;gpf;if
    %lgf;jp 

 

Mfpatw;wpd; nkhj;j cUtk;jhd; n[ayypjh!

 

vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf n[ayypjh jkpoPoj; Njrpaj;jpd; guk;giu vjpupahthH!

 

mjw;fhd rhd;Wfis mLj;fLf;fh vLj;Jf; fhl;l KbAk;.

 

jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiytiu ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;ij mDg;gpg; gpbj;J tu Ntz;Lk; vd;W rl;lrigapy; jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wpatH n[ayypjh!

 

tp.GypfSf;Fk;;; - =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; eilngWk; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijia nrd;idapy; elj;Jtjw;F mDkjp mspf;FkhW tp.Gypfspd; murpay; MNyhrfH md;ld; ghyrpq;fk; ,e;jpa murplk; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhH. jFe;j kUj;Jt cjtp ngwTk; td;dpf; fhl;by; ,Uf;Fk; jiytH gpughfuNdhL Neubj; njhlHG nfhs;sTk; trjpahf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gtw;iwf; fhuzk; fhl;b  me;j Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

Mdhy; tp.Gypfspd; elkhl;lj;ij jkpo;ehl;by; xopj;Jtpl;ljhf khHjl;ba n[ayypjh me;j Nahridia cldbahf epuhfupj;J mwpf;if tpl;lNjhL jkpo;ehl;by; kl;Lky;y ,e;jpahtpd; NtW ve;j khepyj;jpYk; tp.Gypfis mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ vd;W me;j mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

 

mj;NjhL mikahky; MSeH ciuapYk; mjidg; ngupa tplakhf vLj;J n[ayypjh Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

jkpoPoj; jkpoHfis ,yq;ifj; jkpoHfs; vd;Wjhd; Fwpg;gpLNtd; vd;W jpkpNuhL NgRfpwhH.

 

jkpopdj;jpd; gz;ghl;Lr; rpd;dkhd fz;zfp rpiyia ,uNthL ,uthfg; ngaHj;Jf; nfhz;L Ngha; gz;lfrhiy xd;wpy;  mdhjuthfg; Nghl;ltH n[ayypjh. ,e;jr; rpiy mz;zh Kjyikr;ruhf ,Ue;j NghJ epWtg;gl;lJ vd;gJ epidT $uj;jf;fJ.

 

jkpo;f; Foe;ijfSf;Fg; ngaH #l;Lk;NghJ mtHfSf;F n[ayl;Rkp> n[ag;gpugh> n[ayypjh Nghd;w tlnkhopg; ngaHfisNa n[ayypjh itf;fpwhH. ,J mtuJ jkpo;nkhop ntWg;igAk; tlnkhopg; gw;iwAk; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

nrd;w fpoik $l nrd;idapy; njd;jkpoPoj; jkpoHfs; rpq;fsg; gilapduhy; Fz;L tPrpg; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lijf; fz;bj;J MHg;ghl;l CHtyk; elj;jpa jkpoPo MjuthsH xUq;fpizg;Gf; FOj; jiytH go.neLkhwd;> je;ij ngupahH jpuhtplf; fofj; jiytH nfhsj;JhH kzp> khHf;rPa ngupahupa nghTlikf; fl;rpj; jiytH MidKj;J> jkpoj; Njrg; nghJTlikf; fl;rpj; jiytH kzpaurd;> jkpo; jkpoH ,af;fj; jiytH jpahF cl;gl 500 NgH fhty;Jiwahy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;ldH.

 

vy;iy fle;j gaq;futhjj;ijj; jLf;f cUthf;fg;gl;l nghlh rl;lj;ijj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jp go. neLkhwd;> Rg tPughz;bad;> ef;fPud; Nfhghy;  Nghd;w jkpo; czHthsHfis 19 khjq;fSf;F Nkyhfr; rpiwf; nfhl;bypy; milj;J rpj;jputij nra;jtH n[ayypjh. mjid itNfh kwe;jhYk; kw;wtHfs; kwf;f khl;lhHfs;.

 

Fiwe;j gl;r gz;ghbd;wp fiyQH Nghd;w %j;j murpay;thjpfis rl;lrigapNyNa xUikapy; mioj;Jj; jpl;LtJ n[ayypjhtpd; rpd;dj;jdj;Jf; vLj;Jf;fhl;lhFk;. mjpKf tpd; NjHjy; mwpf;if ehyhe;ju eilapy; vOjg;gl;bUe;jJ.

 

    nfhLq;Nfhyd; fUzhepjp

 

    fUehfg; ghk;G

 

    fUzhepjpapd; rjpfhuf; Fk;gy;

 

    fgl Ntljhup fUzhepjp

 

    Fs;s eupf; $l;lq;fspd;

 

,it mjpKf NjHjy; mwpf;ifapy; fhzg;gl;l kzpnkhopfshFk;!

 

khw;whd; Njhl;lj;J ky;ypiff;Fk; kzk; cz;L vd;Wk; flik> fz;zpak;> fl;Lg;ghL Mfpa gz;Gfisr; nrhy;ypf; nfhLj;j mwpQH mz;zhtpd; ngaiuf; fl;rpapYk; mtuJ glj;ij fl;rpf; nfhbapYk; nfhz;Ls;s xU fl;rpapd;  nghJr;nrayhsH ,t;thnwy;yhk; xU %j;j jiytiu mUr;rpg;gJ kpfTk; fz;bf;fj;jf;fJ. 

 

jdf;Fg; gpbf;fhjtHfs; kPJ fhty;Jiwia Vtp fQ;rh tof;Fg; Nghl;Lr; rpiwapy; milg;gJ n[ayypjhTf;F ifte;j Ez;fiy.  

 

n[ayypjh jiyik jhq;Fk; mjpKftpy; cl;fl;rp rdehafk; vd;gJ kUe;Jf;Fk; ,y;iy.  

mjpKf mikr;rHfs; mbikfs; Nghy; n[ayypjhtpdhy; elj;jg;gl;lhHfs;.  

mjpKf mikr;ruit MWKiw khw;wp mikf;fg;gl;lJ. 

 

mjpKf mikr;rHfs; nra;jpj;jhs;fSf;F NeHfhzy; toq;f mDkjp ,y;iy. 

 

gug;Giuf;Fr; nry;Yk; n[ayypjhit tuNtw;f mjpKf mikr;rHfs; njUNthuq;fspy; Fk;gpl;l ifNahL Fuq;Ffs; Nghy;  Fe;jp ,Uf;f itj;J Nftyg;gLj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. 

 

mjpKf murpy; ehd; mikr;ruhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy mbikahfNt ,Ue;Njd; vd New;Wtiu mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j ,d;gj;jkpod; xg;Gjy; thf;F%yk; mspj;jpUe;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.  

 

,d;gj;jkpod; kl;Lky;y Nrlg;gl;b Kj;ijah Nghd;w mjpKf Kd;dhs; gpugy;aq;fSk; ,g;gbr; nrhy;ypj;jhd; Gyk;gpdhHfs;.    

 

n[aypjhtpd; murpay; gopthq;fYf;F gj;jhapuk; rhiyg; gzpahdhHfs; tPl;Lf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. mtHfspy; 73 gzpahsHfs; grpf; nfhLik jhq;fhJ Jhf;Fg; Nghl;Lj; jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhz;lhHfs;.  

xNuehspy; ,uz;L ,yl;rk; mur CopaHfis gzp ePf;fk; nra;J tPl;Lf;F mDg;gp itj;j ngUik rPkhl;b n[ayypjhTf;F kl;LNk cz;L!  

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; fl;rpj; jhty;fSf;Fk; mzp khwYf;Fk; gQ;rNk ,y;iy. nghOJ Nghf;F mk;rq;fSk; epiwaTz;L!  

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; kjpKf rl;lrigapy; Kjy; Kiwahff; fzf;Fj; jpwe;Js;sJ. Nghl;bapl;l 35 njhFjpfspy; 6 njhFjpfspy; kl;Lk; mJ ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; Kjypy; kjpKf nghJr; nrayhsH  mz;zd; fUzhepjpjhd; mLj;j Kjy;tH vd;W Ngrptpl;L mLj;j ehs; Gul;rpj; jiytpapd; nghw;fhy Ml;rp njhlUk; vd;W mtH jl;il khw;wpg; Ngrpaij thf;fhsHfs; ,urpf;ftpy;iy. NjHjy; KbTfs; mijNa fhl;Lfpd;wd.   

 

mJ kl;Lky;y fhNlwp> #o;r;rpf;fhup> #dpaf;fhup> rjpfhup> ghrp];l; vd;W n[ayypjhit mUr;rpj;Jtpl;L gpd;dH mtiu Gul;rpj; jiytp vd;W NgrpaijAk; thf;fhsHfs; ,urpf;ftpy;iy.

 

tp.rpWj;ijfs; ,k;Kiw 9 njhFjpfspy; Nghl;bapl;L 2 njhFjpfspy; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ. nrd;w (2001) NjHjypy; xNunahU njhFjpapy; kl;Lk; ntd;wpUe;jJ.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; Njrpa Kw;Nghf;F jpuhtplH fofk; (NjKjpf) vd;w ngaNuhL fsk; ,wq;fpa ebfH tp[afhe;j; tpUj;jhryk; njhFjpapy; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;shH. tpUj;jhryk; njhFjp ghkf tpd; Nfhl;il vd ek;gg;gl;l njhFjp MFk;. Kg;gJ tpOf;fhL td;dpa thf;fhsHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,Ue;Jk; ghkf me;jj; njhFjpapy; Njhw;Ws;sJ.

nkhj;jk; 232 njhFjpfspy; Nghl;bapl;l NkKjpf 231 njhFjpfspy; Njhy;tpiaj; jOtpAs;sJ. ,Ue;Jk; ehL jOtpa mstpy; 8.33 tpOf;fhL thf;Ffisg; ngw;W XusT gykhd fl;rpahf cUntLj;Js;sJ.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypy; jpiug;gl ebfH ebiffspd; Mjpf;fk; NfhNyhr;rpaJ. mjpKf gy ebfH ebiffis NkilNaw;wp vjpHf;fl;rpfisj; jpl;l itj;jJ. tl ,e;jpa ebifahd rpk;wDk; NkilNawp koiyj; jkpopy; Ngrp mjpKf Tf;F thf;Ff; Nfl;lhH.

 

jpiuAyfpy; tha;g;ig ,oe;J tpl;l ,e;j ebfH ebiffs; mjpKfTf;F  thf;Fr; Nrfupj;jhHfNsh ,y;iyNah ey;y eifr;Rit tpUe;J kl;Lk; mspj;jhHfs;.

 

rpupg;G ebfH nre;jpy; jd;NdhL xz;bf;nfhz;L Nkhj fUzhepjp jahuh vd;W Nfl;lhH. jkpior; nrk;nkhop Mf;fp tpl;Nlhk; vd;W fUzhepjp nrhy;fpwhH  mg;gbnad;why; fd;dl nkhop gr;ir epwkh? njYq;F kQ;rs; epwkh? vd;W Nkilapy; nre;jpy; Nfl;lhH. nrk;nkhop vd;why; rptg;G nkhop vd;W nghUs; nfhz;ljd; mdHj;jk; ,J!

 

ehd; nrj;jhy; vdJ cly; jpKf nfhbahy; NghHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W tPuk; Ngrpa ebfH ruj;FkhH jdJ kidtp uhjpfhNthL mk;khtplk; jQ;rk; mile;j gpd;dH fUzhepjpf;F murpay; njpahJ> ];lhypDf;Fg; Ngrj; njupahJ vd;W NgrpaJ ey;y eifr;Ritahf ,Ue;jJ.

 

jpKf mzpapd; fjhehafd; fiyQH fUzhepjpjhd; vd;gJ nts;splkiy. mtH ePz;l fhyk; rpe;jpj;Jj; jahupj;j NjHjy; mwpf;ifapy; njuptpf;fg;gl;l ,uz;L cUgha;f;F xU fpNyh muprp> epykpy;yhj ViofSf;F 2 Vf;fH jupR epyk;> njhiyf;fhl;rp ,y;yhj jha;khHfSf;F tUz njhiyf;fhl;rp ,ytrk; Nghd;w thf;FWjpfs; mbj;jl;l kf;fsJ kdij ntFthff; ftHe;Jtpl;lJ.

 

ehd; Ml;rpf;F te;jhy; 10 fpNyh muprp ,ytrk; vd;W Vl;bf;Fg; Nghl;bahf n[ayypjh mwptpj;j thf;FWjp kf;fs; kj;jpapy; vLgltpy;iy.

 

,e;jj; NjHjypd; ntw;wpf;F kj;jpa mikr;rHfs; g. rpjk;guk; kw;Wk; jahepjp khwd; ,UtuJ gug;Giu ifnfhLj;Js;sJ. Fwpg;ghf jahepjp khwd; vy;NyhuhYk; Ngrg;gLk; Jbg;Gs;s murpay;thjpahf ,e;jj; NjHjy; %yk; mwpKfkhfpAs;shH.

 

mtH kPJk; mtuJ FLk;gj;Jf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd rd; njhiyf;fhl;rp kPJk; ms;sp tPrg;gl;l NrW xl;ltpy;iy. xU khHthb my;yJ njYq;fd; my;yJ fd;dld; ifapy; ,y;yhJ xU jkpod; ifapy; rd; njhiyf;fhl;rp ,Ug;gij jkpo;kf;fs; tuNtw;fNt nra;jhHfs;.

 

vdJ Ml;rp ey;yhl;rpahf mikAk; vd Kjyikr;rH fUzhepjp njuptpj;Js;shH. mtuJ Ml;rp ey;yhl;rpahf kl;Lk; mike;jhy; NghjhJ. jkpo;j; Njrpaj;ij tYg;gLj;Jk; mjid Kd;ndLf;Fk; jkpodpd; Ml;rpahfTk; mJ mika Ntz;Lk;. ,ijNa cyfshtpa jkpo;kf;fs; mtuplk; ,Ue;J MtNyhLk; ek;gpf;ifNahLk; vjpHghHf;fpwhHfs;.  (cyfj;jkpoH - Nk 12> 2006)

 


 

Mg;fdp];jhdpy; fdlh khl;Lg;glyhk;! 

 

fhe;jhuk; vd;w ehl;ilg;gw;wpf; Nfs;tpg;gl;bUf;fpwPHfsh? ,d;iwa Mg;fdp];jhd; jhd; md;iwa fhe;jhuk;!

 

xU fhyj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpy; 56 Njrq;fs; ,Ue;jjhfr; nrhy;thHfs;. mjpy; xd;Wjhd; fhe;jhuk;.

 

fle;j Vg;upy; 22 Mk; ehs; fe;jfhupy; ,Ue;J 75 fpkP mg;ghy; cs;s Gumbad vd;w gFjpay; jypghd; jPtputhjpfs; elj;jpa jhf;Fjypy; 4 fdba tPuHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. NkYk; rpyH fhag;gl;lhHfs;.

 

xNu ehspy; 4 tPuHfis ,oe;jJ fdba murpay; - ,uhZt tl;lhuq;fspy; mjpHr;rp miyfis vOg;gpaJ. fhuzk; nfhupahg; NghUf;Fg; gpd;dH fdba gilf;F xNu ehspy; Vw;gl;l ghupa ,og;G ,JthFk;.

 

2002 Mz;Lf;Fg; gpd;dH Mg;fdp];jhd; Nghupy; xU ,uhrje;jpup (Glyn Berry) cl;gl 16 fdbaH,we;Js;shHfs;. ,jpy; ghjp ,e;j Mz;L Vw;gl;ljhFk;. 

 

fle;j ngg;utup khjj;jpy; fdlh Xirg;glhky; Mg;fdp];jhdpy; cs;s jdJ gilgyj;ij 2>300 vd;w vz;zpf;iff;F caHj;jpaJ. jypghd; fpsHr;rpf;F vjpuhf gd;dhl;L gilfspd; gyj;ij $l;Ltjw;fhfNt ,e;j eltbf;if vLf;fg;gl;lJ.

,d;Dk; tpsf;fkhfr; nrhy;tjhdhy; ,uhf;fpy; khl;Lg;gl;Lg; NghapUf;Fk; mnkupf;fh Mg;fdp];jhdpy; cs;s jdJ gilapd; xU gFjpia mq;fpUe;J jpUg;gp miof;fpwJ. me;j ,ilntspia epug;gNt fdba gil gyk; mjpfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

ahH vijr; nrhd;dhYk; mnkupf;fhTk; fdlhTk; ‘Njhoik’ ehLfs; MFk;. nrd;idj; jkpopy; nrhd;dhy; ‘Njh];J’ ehLfs; MFk;.  ,tw;Wf;fpilNa ,Uf;Fk; gpizg;ig khkd; - kr;rhd; cwT vd;W nrhy;tijtpl  khkd; - kUkfd; cwT vd;W tUzpf;fyhk;.

 

mnkupf;f – fdlh ehLfspd; cwT kpfTk; ,Wf;fkhdJ. rpy rkaq;fspy; ntt;NtW epiyg;ghl;bid vLj;jhYk; jq;fSf;Fs; thjpl;Lf; nfhz;lhYk; mt;tg;NghJ gpLq;Fg;gl;lhYk; mbg;gilapy; ,U ehLfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; jdpj;Jtkhd cwT (special relationship)  epyTfpwJ. 

 

vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf ,uz;L ehLfSNk Mq;fpyj;ijj; jha; nkhopahff; nfhz;l mq;fpNyh- rf;rd; (Anglo - Saxon) kf;fsJ FbNaw;w ehLfshFk;.

 

mnkupf;fh kPJ ele;jg;gl;l 9/11 jhf;Fjypd; NghJ ,uhZt mbg;gilapy; mnkupf;fhtpd; cjtpf;Fg; Nghd Kjy; ehL fdlh vd;gJ ,q;F Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. mnkupf;fhtpy; jiuapwq;f Ntz;ba tpkhdq;fs; fdba tpkhdepiyaq;fSf;Fj; jpir jpUg;gp tplg;gl;ld.

 

mNj Nghy; fw;wpdh #whtsp mnkupf;fhtpd; tisFlhg; gFjpiaj; jhf;fpaNghJ ( Xf];j;J 29>2005) ,uz;L ehs; fopj;J td;$tH ,y; ,Ue;J 3 fg;gy;fspy; (HMCS Athabaskan, HMCS Toronto, NSMC Ville de Quebec, and CCGC William Alexander )  epthuzg; nghUl;fis mq;F mDg;gp itj;j ehL fdlhthFk;.

 

,e;j mbg;gilapy;jhd; mnkupf;fhtpd; cyfshtpa gaq;futhjj;jpw;F vjpuhd cyfshtpa Nghupy; fdlh mnkupf;fhtpw;F if nfhLj;J tUfpwJ.

 

,e;j cwTjhd; fdba gilapd; gyj;ij Mg;fdp];jhdpy; mjpfupf;fr; nra;jjw;fhd mbg;gilf; fhuzkhFk;.

 

mg;gb vd;why; ,uhf; kPjhd mnkupf;fj; jhf;Fjypy; fdlh gq;Fgw;whJ ,Ue;Jtpl;lJ Vd; vd;w Nfs;tp voyhk;. mg;NghJ gpujkuhf ,Ue;jtH Nad; fpwl;rpad; MthH. fdba ypguy; fl;rpj; jiytH Md ,tH fpA+ngf; khfhzj;ijr; rhHe;jtH.  xU gpuQ;Rf;fhuH vd;w Kiwapy; mtUf;F mnkupf;fh kPJ ngupa thug;ghL ,Uf;ftpy;iy. vdNt mtH fdba gilia ,uhf;Ff;F mDg;ghky; ,Ue;J tpl;lhH.

 

,d;W mg;gb xU #o;epiy Vw;gl;lhy; goikthjf; fl;rpg; gpujkH ];uPgd; fhHg;gH epr;rak; mnkupf;fhNthL ifNfhHj;Jf; nfhs;thH!  mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ gilnaLj;jNghJ mjw;F Mjuthd fUj;ijf; fhHg;gH njuptpj;jNjhL mikahky; fdlhTk; mjpy; NrHe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhH. Mdhy; nrd;w NjHjypd; NghJ me;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;il mtH kWj;jhH.

 

tuyhw;Wf;F Ke;jpa fhyk; njhl;Nl Mg;fdp];jhd; ntspehl;Lg; gilnaLg;Gf;F  cs;shfp te;Js;sJ. Kjypy; ghurPf kd;dd; KjyhtJ Nlwpa]; (fpK 500) Mg;ghfdp];jhd; kPJ gilnaLj;J mjidf; ifg;gw;wpdhd;. gpd;dH kfh mnyf;rhe;jH (fpK 329 327) mjd; kPJ gilnaLj;J ifg;gw;wpdhd;. mnyf;rhe;jUf;Fg; gpd;dH Mg;fdp];jhd; nrNyhrpl; (Seleucid) Nguurpd; xU gFjpahf ,Ue;J te;jJ.

 

tl Mg;gdp];jhd; kTupa tk;rj;jpduhy; (fpK 2 Mk; Ehw;whz;L) gpbf;fg;gl;lJ.

F\hd; tk;rj;jpdupd; Ml;rpapd; NghJ gTj;jk; mq;F gutpaJ. mg;NghJ ng\hthH mjd; jiyefuhf ,Ue;jJ. F\hdpaupd; MSif Nja;e;J fpgp 3 Mk; Ehw;whz;lstpy; Mg;fdp];jhd; JUf;fpaupd; Ml;rpf;F trg;gl;lJ.

 

fpgp 7 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; K];ypk;fspd; gilnaLg;Gj; njhlq;fpaJ. K];ypk; murHfspy; f[pdp nkhfkJ ngaH Nghdtd;.  mtd; ,uhd; njhlq;fp gQ;rhg; tiu jdJ MSifia (11 Mk; Ehw;whz;bd; Kw;gFjp)  epWtpdhd;.

 

mtidj; njhlHe;J n[d;fp];fhd; (Jenghiz Khan fpgp 1220) jp%H (14 Mk; Ehw;whz;bd; ,Wjpapy;) Mg;fdp];jhidf; ifg;gw;wp Mz;lhHfs;. jp%upd; re;jjpapy; te;j ghgH fhGiyj; jiyefuhff; nfhz;L Mz;lhd;.

 

,tNd tl ,e;jpahitf; ifg;gw;wp mq;F nkhfyhaHfsJ Ml;rpia 16 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; epWtpatd; Mthd;.

 

ghgUf;Fg; gpd;dH ejPH \h vd;w ghurPf murd; Mg;fdp];jhidf; ifg;gw;wp Mz;lhd;. mtdJ ,wg;Gf;Fg; gpd;dH (1747) mfkJ \h Mg;fdp];jhid Mz;lhd;. ,td; Mg;fhd; FOj; jiytdhtd;. mtdJ guk;giu Juhdp vd miof;fg;gLfpwJ. mtd; Mz;l gFjp fpl;lj;jl;l ,d;iwa Mg;fdp];jhd; gFjpahFk;. Juhdpapd; Ml;rp 1818 ,y; KbTf;F te;jJ. 1826 ,y; KfkJ ( Dost Muhammad) mkPH vd;w gl;lj;NjhL Ml;rpf;F te;jhd;. ,e;jpahtpd; tlgFjpiaj; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L tu vj;jdpj;j gpupj;jhdpaH KfkJit ftpo;j;J tpl;L jq;fSf;F Mjuthd xU mkPiu Ml;rpf; fl;bypy; mkHj;jpdH. ,jidj; njhlHe;J ehd;F Mz;Lfs; (1833-42) Mg;fdp];jhdpw;Fk; gpupj;jhdpahTf;Fk; ,ilapy;  Aj;jk; eilngw;wJ. KfkJ kPz;Lk; Ml;rpf;F te;jhd;. gpupj;jhdpahNthL mtd; xU xg;ge;jj;ij nra;J nfhz;lhd;. ,td; fpgp 1863 ,y; ,we;Jgl;lhd;. gpd;dH mtdJ kfd; NrH myp gjtpf;F te;jhd;.

 

kPz;Lk; ,uz;lhtJ Mg;fhd; Aj;jk; (1878) ,lk; ngw;wJ. mKDy;yh vd;w murd; ,e;jpah kPJ gilnaLf;f vj;jdpj;j NghJ %d;whtJ Mg;fhd; NghH %z;lJ. ,uhty;gpz;b xg;ge;jj;jpd; %yk; me;jg; NghH KbTf;F te;jJ. ,e;j xg;ge;jk; ntspAwtpy; Mg;fhdp];jhDf;F Rje;jpuk; tsq;fpaJ. gpupj;jhdpahtpd; mOj;jj;ijAk; kPwp ,uz;lhtJ cyfg; Nghupd; NghJ Mg;fhdp];jhd; eLepiyik tfpj;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

 

,e;j ,lj;jpy; ,d;iwa Mg;fdp];jhd; gw;wp xU gUe;Jg; ghHit ghHg;gJ ey;ynjd;W epidf;fpNwd;.

 

Mg;fdp];jhd; Nkw;fpy; ,uhd;> fpof;fpy; ghfp];jhd; kw;Wk; JUf;kpdp];jhd;> c];ngfp];jhd;> tlf;fpy;  jh[p];fhd;> tlfpof;Nf rPdh Mfpa ehLfSf;F ,ilNa ,Uf;fpwJ. mjd; jiyefuk; fhGy; MFk;.

 

gug;gsT 647>500 rJu fpkP ( kdpj;Njhgh khepyj;jpd; gug;gsT)

 

kf;fs; njhif 28>513>000 (2004)

 

,df; FOf;fs;  - g];Jhd; 42 tpOf;fhL> jh[pf; 27 tpOf;fhL> c];ngf; 9 tpOf;fhL kw;wtHfs; 13 tpOf;fhL

 

Ml;rpj; jiytH - `hkpj; `Hrha; ( Hamid Harzai)

 

Ntiyapd;ik  - 78 tpOf;fhL

 

nkhj;j cs;SH cw;gj;jp (GDP) 20 gpy;ypad; m. nlhyHfs; (kjpg;gPL)

 

fdlhtpw;F Vw;Wkjp  - 518>889 m.nlhyHfs;

 

fdhtpy; ,Ue;J ,wf;Fkjp  - 9 kpy;ypad; m. nlhyHfs;

 

mfit gyk;  -  42.46 mfit

 

Mg;fdp];jhdpy; fdba gilfspd; gzpfs; vd;d?

 

    1) Mg;fdp];jhdpy; gd;dhl;L cjtpg; gilfsplk; NrHe;J nfhz;L  kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia kPs;fl;ly;”.

 

    2) fz;zpntbfis mfw;wy;. 10-15 kpy;ypad; fz;zpntbfs; Gijf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

 

      3) flDjtp 140>000 kf;fSf;F> ngUk;ghYk; ngz;fSf;F rpW mstpyhd flDjtp.

 

   4) fdba gilAk; gapw;rp mspf;fpwJ. fdba csTj;JiwAk; mq;F ,aq;Ftjhf ek;gg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; mjd; tpguk; njupatpy;iy.

 

mnkupf;fh> fdlh kw;Wk; ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfs; %d;whtJ cyf ehLfspd; cs;ehl;L tptfhuq;fspy; jiyapLtij tof;fkhfpf; nfhz;Ls;sd.

 

mnkupf;fh kPJ 9/11 ,y; ele;j jhf;FjYf;F my; Fitjh cupik NfhupaJ epidtpUf;fyhk;. my; Fitjh jiytHfspy; Kf;fpakhd gpd; NylDf;F Mg;fdp];jhdpy; Ml;rp nrYj;jpa jypghd; muR murpay; milf;fyk; nfhLj;jpUe;jJ. gpd; NylidAk; mtdJ $l;lhspfisAk; jd;dplk; xg;gilf;f mnkupf;fh tpLj;j Ntz;LNfhis jypghd; muR kWj;jjd; fhuzkhfNt mnkupf;fh jiyikapy; Nel;Nlh ehLfs; Mg;fhdp];jhid jhf;fpj; jypghd; Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;j;jJ.

 

kw;wtHfisg; ghHj;J ve;jr; rpf;fy; vd;whYk; mikjp topapy; Ngrpj;  jPHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nghjpf;Fk; mnkupf;fh> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfs; Nghjpg;gJ Nghy; elg;gjpy;iy.

 

Nkw;Fyf ehl;L kf;fSk; Nghiu tpUk;GthHfshfNt fhzg;gLfpwhHfs;. mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jpa NghJ 65 tpOf;fhl;L mnkupf;fHfsJ MjuT Ml;rpj; jiytH GRf;F ,Ue;jJ. gpd;dh ehshe;jk; rtg;ngl;bfspy; rlq;fs; tuj; njhlq;fpa gpd;dNu mnkupf;f nghJkf;fsJ NghUf;fhd MjuT rupaj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,g;NghJ G\; mtHfspd; MjuT 35 tpOf;fhlhf tPo;r;rp fz;Ls;sJ.

 

fhyg; Nghf;fpy; fdba gpujkH fhHg;gUf;Fk; G\pd; fjp Vw;glyhk;. ,g;NghJjhd; fdba gilapdupd; rlyq;fs; rtg; ngl;bfspy; tuj; njhlq;fpAs;sd. ,we;j NghH tPuHfisg; gw;wp ,q;Fs;s Clfq;fs; ngupJ gLj;jp gf;fk; gf;fkhd vOjpf; Ftpj;jd.

 

,jidf; fz;L kpuz;L Nghd gpujkH fhHg;gH ,we;j NghH tPuHfspd; rtg; ngl;bg; glq;fisNah rhTr; rlq;Fg; glq;fisNah ntspaplf; $lhJ vdj; jil tpjpj;Js;shH. me;jj; jilf;F ,we;j giltPuHfspd; FLk;gq;fs; rpy vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;Js;sd.

 

,jpy; gpujkH fhHg;gH jdJ murpay; Futhd G\; mtHfspd; eilKiwiag; gpd;gw;WfpwhH. Mg;fdp];jhdpy; gil tPuHfspd; ,og;Gfs; $Lk; NghJ fdba kf;fspd; kdepiyAk; mnkupf;f kf;fsJ kdepiy Nghy; khWk; vd vjpHghHf;fyhk;.

 

,uhf;fpy; mnkupf;fh khl;Lg;gl;L tpopg;gJ Nghy fdlhTk; Mg;fhdp];jhdpy; khl;Lg;gl tha;g;Gz;L.   cyfj;jkpoH - Nk 05>2006 

 


 

,uhd; kPJ mnkupf;fh mZ MAjj; jhf;Fjy; elj;Jkh?

ef;fPud;

,uhdpd; Ml;rpj;jiytH kf%J m/kjpnd[;[hj; (Mahmoud Ahmadinejad) fle;j nrt;tha;f;fpoik xU Fz;ilj; Jhf;fpg; Nghl;Ls;shH. ,uhdplk; nrwpT+l;lg;gl;l ANudpak; ( uranium enrichment)  ifapUg;gpy; ,Ug;gjhf kf%J m/kjpnd[;[hj; njfuhd; jiyefupy; me;jr; rhjidiaf; nfhz;lhLk; Kfkhf ele;j mur epfo;r;rpy; njuptpj;Js;shH. ,e;j epfo;r;rpapy; ,uhdpd; kjj; jiytH mNahj;njhy;yh nfhNkdpAk; fye;J nfhz;Ls;shH. 

mNj rkak; mZ Mw;wy; njhopy;El;gj;jpy; <Lgl;bUf;Fk; ,uhd; kPJ mnkupf;fh jhf;Fjy; nra;a Maj;jkhfp tUfpwJ vd;w nra;jp Nkw;F Mrpah KOJk; gjfspg;ig Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

,e;jj; jhf;Fjy; Ngr;rhy; cyfr; re;ijapy; kjFvz;nza; tpiy mjpfupj;Js;sJ. xU gPg;gh kjFvz;nza; 69 mnkupf;f nlhyUf;F Nky; tpw;gidahfpwJ. ,e;j tpiyAaHT mnkupf;fh ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfspd; nghUshjhuj;ijg; ghjpf;fNt nra;Ak;. ,jdhy; ,uhd; ehl;Nlhlhd Nkhjy; Nghf;F ,e;j ehLfSf;F kpf xWg;ghfNt ,Uf;fg; NghfpwJ.

mZ Mw;wy; Ma;T njhlHghf ,uhDf;Fk; mnkupf;fhtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; xU gdpg; NghH ePz;l fhykhfNt ele;J tUfpwJ.

,uhd; mZrf;jp Ma;it epWj;j Ntz;Lk;> ,uhd; mZf;Fz;Lfis cw;gj;jp nra;tijNah> cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; Mw;wiyg; ngWtijNah> mtw;iw ,];Nuy; kPJ tPRtijNah mnkupf;fh fz;bg;ghf mDkjpf;fhJ vd mnkupf;f Ml;rpj;jiytH NahH[; G\; ,uhidg; gykhf vr;rupj;Js;shH.

,uhd; jdJ mZrf;jp Ma;it epWj;j Ntz;Lk; epWj;jhtpl;lhy; ,uhdpd; mZ Mw;wy; epiyfs; kPJ ,uhZtj; jhf;Fjy; elj;jg;gLk; vdTk; G\; kpul;b cs;shH.  

NkYk; nghUshjhuj; jilfisAk; ,uhd; re;jpf;f NeupLk; vdTk; mnkupf;fh gaKWjjpAs;sJ. 

,uhDf;F vjpuhd mnkupf;fhtpd; nghUshjhuj; jil xd;Wk; Gjpjy;y. ,uhDf;F vjpuhd mnkupf;f ehl;bd; nghUshjhuj; jil  fle;j 20 Mz;Lfshf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. Mdhy; me;j nghUshjhuj; jil ,uhidg; gytPdg;gLj;jj; jtwptpl;lJ. ,uhdpd; vz;nza; cw;gj;jpia kl;Lk; mJ nfhQ;rk; ghjpj;jpUf;fpwJ.

NkYk; ,uhd; ,uhf;> JUf;fp> ghfp];jhd; kw;Wk; kj;jpa Mrpa FbauRfs; Mfpatw;NwhL el;GwT nfhz;bUg;gJ  nghUshjhuj; jil mjidg; ngupJk; ghjpf;fhjjw;F ,d;ndhU fhuzkhFk;.    

Gydha;T epUgH Seymour Hersh vd;gtuhy; vOjg;gl;l fl;Liu xd;W epA+ NahHf; iuk;]; ehspjopy; ntspte;Js;sJ. mjpy; ngaH Fwpg;gplg;glhj ,e;ehs; Ke;ehs; mjpfhupfis Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b mnkupf;fh njnfuhDf;Fj; njw;Nf ej;jhd;]; (Natanz) efupy; cs;s ,uhdpd; ghjhs mZ Mw;wy; cw;gj;jp epiyaq;fis mZ MAjq;fisg; gad;gLj;jp mopf;fj; jpl;lk; ,Ltjhf njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhH.

,uhd; kPJ mnkupf;fh jhf;Fjy; njhLf;fj; jpl;lk; jPl;Ltjw;F ,d;ndhU Kf;fpa fhuzKk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

Ml;rpj;jiytH G\; mtHfSila MNyhrfHfs; mtH ,oe;J tpl;l nry;thf;if Jhf;fp epWj;j ,uhd; neUf;fbiag; gad;gLj;jg; ghHf;fpwhHfs;. mnkupf;f fhq;fpuRf;fhd ,ilf;fhyj; NjHjy; vjpHtUk; nehntk;gH khjj;jpy; eilngw ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,uhf; kPJ ,uhZtj; jhf;Fjy; Nkw;nfhz;l mnkupf;fh ,d;W mjid KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltu Kbahky; jpzWfpwJ. ,Uf;fTk; Kbahky; ntspNawTk; Kbahky; mnkupf;fh ,uz;Lk; nfl;l epiyapy; cs;sJ.

,t;thW ,uhf;fpy; khl;Lg;gl;Lg; Ngha; ,Uf;Fk; mnkupf;fh ,uhd; kPJk; gilnaLj;jhy; mJ mnkupf;fhtpw;F NkYk; ,f;fl;lhf Kbahjh vdf; Nfl;fj; Njhd;Wk;.

KjyhtJ ,uhd; kPJ mnkupf;fh jd;dpr;irahfNth my;yJ xUjiyg; gl;rkhfNth jhf;Fjiy elj;jhJ. ghJfhg;G mitapd; xg;GjNyhLjhd;  jhf;Fjy; ,lk; ngWk;.

,uz;lhtJ mnkupf;fh Nkw;nfhs;Sk; jhf;Fjy; ,uhf; kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l jiu - thd;  jhf;Fjy; Nghy; ,Uf;fhJ. ,uhd; kPJ thd; jhf;Fjiy kl;LNk mnkupf;fh elhj;Jk;. mJ ePz;l ehs;fs; ePbf;fhJ. ,uhdpd; mZ Mw;wy; epiyaq;fs; mopf;fg;gl;lJk; mnkupf;fh jhf;Fjiy epWj;jptpLk;.

Mdhy; mnkupf;fh ,uhd; kPJ Nkw;nfhs;Sk; jhf;Fjy; gf;ftpisTfis Vw;gLj;j khl;lhJ vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ. ,uhd; kPJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jhf;Fjypd; vjpnuhyp ,uhf;fpy; Nfl;ff; $Lk;.

nry;thf;Fk; nry;tKk; gilj;j ,uhd; Nkw;F Mrpahtpy; jdJ \pah MjuT mikg;Gfisg; gad;gLj;jp mnkupf;fhtpw;F neUf;fbia nfhLf;fyhk; vd;w mr;rk; gutp tUfpwJ. 

fle;j bnrk;gH 15 ,y; ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F ele;j NjHjiy mLj;J \pah kjg;gpuptpdupd; if Xq;fpAs;sJ. Ml;rp mjpfhuk; mtHfs; iff;F khwp ,Uf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,uhd;> ,uhf; kPJ fzprkhd nry;thf;ifr; nrYj;j top gpwe;Js;sJ.

\pah gpupTfspy; xd;whd ,uhf;fpd;  ,];yhkpa Gul;rpf;fhd  cr;r rig ( Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq( SCIRI) apd; gilg; gpupthd ghlH gil (Badr Corp) tPuHfSf;F ,uhdpa Gul;rp fhty;gilNa gapw;rp mspf;fpwJ.  ,uhf;fpd; ,];yhkpa Gul;rpf;fhd cr;r rig Ml;rpapy; cs;s ma;f;fpa ,uhf; Kd;dzpapy; Kf;fpa gq;fhsp vd;gJ epidT nfhs;sj;jf;fJ.

ma;f;fpa ,uhf; Kd;dzpNa ehlhSkd;wj; NjHjypy; ngUk;ghd;ik ,lq;fisf; ifg;gw;wpa fl;rp vd;gJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. mjd; jiytH mg;Jy; mrP]; `f;fpk; (Abdel Aziz Hakim) 20 Mz;Lfs; ,uhdpy; murpay; mQ;Qhjthrk; nra;jtH. ,uhd;> ,uhf; \pah kjg; gpuptpdNuhL kl;Lky;y FHjp\; jiytH [yhgp jyghdpNahLk; neUf;fkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

vdNt ,uhd;> ,uhf;fpy; nry;thf;Fk; Ml;rp mjpfhuKk; tfpf;Fk; \pah kjg;gpuptpdiu mnkupf;fhtpw;F vjpuhf jpUg;gptpLk; tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ.

mnkupf;fhtpd; vr;rupf;iffisAk; gaKWj;jy;fisAk; ,uhd; rl;il nra;tjhfj; njupatpy;iy.

,uhd; kPJ ngd;lfd; jpl;lkpLk; jhf;Fjy; jpl;lq;fis ,uhdpd; ntspAwTg; Ngr;rhsH mnkupf;fh Nkw;nfhs;Sk;  “cstpay; NghH” vd;W  tUzpj;Js;shH.  NkYk; “mZ Mw;wy; njhopy; El;gj;ij itj;jpUg;gJ vkJ cupikahFk;. ehq;fs; vjw;Fk; jahuhf ,Uf;fpNwhk;. mnkupf;fhtpd; gaKWj;jYf;F ehk; mQ;rg; Nghtjpy;iy” vdf; $wpapUf;fpwhH. 

vq;fsJ mZrf;jp cw;gj;jp Fz;Lfs; nra;tjw;fy;y> mjid mikjp Nehf;Ff;fhfg; gad;gLj;jNt Ma;T nra;fpNwhk;. mg;gbr; nra;a ,uhd; ehl;Lf;F cupik cz;L vd ,uhdpd; Ml;;rpj; jiytH f%J m/kjpnd[;[hj;Jk; njuptpj;Js;shH.

,jw;fpilapy; ghJfhg;G mit ANwdpa nrwpT+l;lj; jpl;lj;ij cld; epWj;JkhW ,uhidf; Nfl;Ls;sJ. mnkupf;f ntspAwT mikr;rH nfhd;lyPrh iw]; ghJfhg;Gr; rig ,uhidj; jz;bf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;Ls;shH.

,uhd; ANwdpa nrwpT+l;liy itj;Jf; nfhz;L mZf;Fz;Lfs; nra;af; $ba njhopy;El;gj;ij ngw Kay;tjhf Nkw;Fyf ehLfs; ma;ag;gLfpd;wd. 

fle;j rdtup khjj;jpy; A+Nwdpa nrwpT+l;Lj; jpl;lj;ij ,uhd; kPsj; njhlq;fpaij mLj;J gpupj;jhdpah> gpuhd;]; kw;wk; n[Hkdp Mfpa ehLfs; ,uhNdhL mZ Mw;wy; cw;gj;jp njhlHghf elj;jg;gl;l Ngr;RthHj;ijia epWj;jpf; nfhz;Ltpl;ld.

mnkupf;fh - ,uhd; ,UehLfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; elf;Fk; gdpg; Nghupy;  rPdh kw;Wk; cUrpah ehLfspd; epiyg;ghL vd;d? ,uz;L ehLfSk; ,uhd; kPJ Gjpjhfg; Nghlg;gLk; nghUshjhuj; jilfisg; gytPdg;gLj;j Kaw;rp vLf;fyhk;. .

Mrpahtpy; jd;id xU ty;yhz;ik gilj;j ehlhf khw;wpf; nfhs;s KidAk; rPdh ,e;j ,uhd; - mnkupf;f neUf;fbahy; gad; ngwf; $Lk;.

cUrpah ,uhid mDjhgj;NjhL ghHf;fyhk;. Mdhy; Kbtpy; mJ mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfs; gf;fk; rha;e;J tpLk; vd;Nw murpay; Ma;thsHfs; fUJfpwhHfs;. cUrpah ,U rhuhUf;Fk; ,ilapy; mDruiz toq;f Kd;tuyhk;.

Nkw;F ehLfSf;F xU vjpHghHg;G ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ Ml;rpj; jiytH mfkjpnd[;[hl; mtHfsJ vjpupfSk; mtiu tpkHr;rpg;gtHfSk; mtiu gytPdg; gLj;jyhk;. mfkjpnd[;[hl; mtHfSf;Fg; gioikthj Ky;yhf;fs; kw;Wk; ngUepjp tzpfHfs; kj;jpapy; vjpHg;G ,Uf;fpwJ.

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapy; gd;dhl;L mZ Mw;wy; epWtdj;jpd; (Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) jiytH vjpHtUk; nts;spf;fpoik ,uhDf;Fr; nrd;W Ngr;RthHj;ij elj;j cs;shH. mjidj; njhlHe;J mtH xU mwpf;ifiag; ghJfhg;G mitf;F rkHg;gpf;f ,Uf;fpwhH.

“,uhd; mZ MAjq;fisj; jahupg;gjpy; <Lgl;Ls;sjw;F ve;j rhd;WfSk; ,Ug;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. Mdhy; mij itj;Jf; nfhz;L ,uhd; ehl;Lf;F xU ew;rhd;wpjo; toq;f ehd; jahuhapy;iy” vd;Wk; mwptpj;Js;shH.

mnkupf;fhTk; ,uhDk; re;jpj;Jg; Ngr Kaw;rp eilngWfpwJ vd;w nra;jpAk; mbgLfpwJ. me;jr; nra;jp  muG ehLfsJ Vf;fj;ij mjpfupj;Js;sJ.

fle;j Vg;uy; 8 Mk; ehs; vfpg;jpd; Ml;rpj; jiytH Kguhf; my; mNugpa njhiyf;fhl;rpf;F mspj;j nrt;tpapy; ,uhf; xU cs;ehl;Lg; NghUf;Fj; js;sg;gl;L tUtjjhff; Fwpg;gpl;lhH. muG ehLfspy; thOk; \pah kjj;jtH jhq;fs; thOk; ehl;il tpl ,uhDf;Nf mjpf tpRthrfkhf ,Uf;fpwhHfs; vdTk; Fw;wk; rhl;bdhH.

Nkw;F Mrpahtpy; ,uhd; Fog;gj;ij cz;L gz;zyhk; vd;w mr;rk; vfpg;J> rTjp mNugpah> NahHlhd;> gh/uhd;> FNtj;J ehLfsJ Gydha;T mjpfhupfs; nfa;Nuhtpy; re;jpj;jij mLj;Nj Kguhf; fUj;Jj; njuptj;jhH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,uhd; mZf;Fz;Lfis cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; mZ Mw;wy; ehlhf cUthFtij mnkupf;fh mDkjpf;fhJ vd;gNj murpay; Nehf;fHfspd; vz;zkhFk;.

,uhd; mZf;Fz;L cw;gj;jp nra;tijj; jLf;f mnkupf;fh mZ MAjq;fisg; gad;gLj;Jkh? my;yJ ,uhid xU mZrf;jp ehnld;w gbepiyiag; (status) gy epge;jidfNshL mq;fPfupf;f KbT vLf;Fkh? vd;gijg; nghWj;jpUe;Jjhd; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.  (cyfj;jkpoH - Vg;upy; 14> 2006)

 


jkpo;Njrpaj;jpd; guk;giu vjpup n[ayypjhit tPl;Lf;F mDg;Gq;fs;!

 

ef;fPud;

jkpof NjHjYf;F ,d;Dk; vz;zp 5 ehs;fNs vQ;rp cs;sd. jkpof thf;fhsg; ngUkf;fs; Nk 8 Mk; ehs; ey;y jPHg;G toq;f ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

kf;fs; gzpNa kNfrd; gzp vd;gJ kl;Lky;y kf;fs; jPHg;Ng kNfrd; jPHg;G vd;Wk; nrhy;yyhk;.

kf;fshl;rp murpay; Kiwik ey;y murpay; Kiwikjhd;. Mdhy; eilKiwapy; rdehafk; vd;w ngaiur; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L gzehafNk Ml;rp nra;fpwJ.

xU ehs; kd;dHfs; gw;wpf; fijfspy; gbj;jpUf;fpNwhk;. mJ NghyNt NjHjy; ehs; md;W kl;Lk; kf;fs; kd;dHfshf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. NjHjy; Kbe;j gpd;dH kf;fis Ml;rpahsHfs; ngUk;ghYk; kwe;J tpLfpwhHfs;.

gftj; fPijapy; jdJ nrhe;jge;jq;fNshL rz;il nra;a kWj;J tpy;iyAk; mk;GfisAk; vwpe;J tpl;L NjHg;gPlj;jpd; Nky; cl;fhHe;Jtpl;l mUr;Rdid NghH nra;AkhW mtdJ tHzj;ij vLj;Jf; $wp fz;zd; Fisabf;fpwhd;.

eP rj;jpupad;! NghH nra;tJ cd; RajHkk;! eP NghH nra;a kWj;jhy; RajHkj;ijAk; fPHj;jpiaAk; nfhd;w ghtj;Jf;F Mshtha;! nfhy;yg;gbNdh thDyfk; va;Jtha;! ntd;why; G+kp Ms;tha;! vdNt NghH nra;aj; Jzpe;J vOe;J epy; vd;fpwhd;.

NghHf;fsj;jpy; Njhw;why; nrhHf;fk; vd;gJ rupahf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; NjHjypy; Njhw;why; nrhHf;fk; ,y;iy eufk;jhd;!

rhjhuzkhf NjHjy; vd;why; tho;th rhth vd;w Nghuhl;lk; vd;W nrhy;tJk; vOJtJk; tof;fkhFk;. Mdhy; ,k;Kiw jkpofj; NjHjy; cz;ikahfNt  tho;th rhth vd;w Nghuhl;lkhf mike;Js;sJ.

vg;NghJ n[ayypjh jpKfTk; fUzhepjpAk; vd; guk;gu vjpupfs;! jpKf re;jpf;Fk; filrpj; NjHjy; ,Jjhd; vd;W #Siuj;jhNuh md;Nw NjHjy; gug;Giu #L gpbj;J tpl;lJ.

jpKfTk; fUzhepjpAk; vd; murpay; vjpupfs; vd;W nrhy;tJ NtW jpKfTk; fUzhepjpAk; vd; guk;giu vjpupfs; vd;W nrhy;tJ NtW.

n[ayypjhTf;F murpay; guk;giu vd;W xd;Wk; ,y;iy. murpaypy; m M $lj;njupahj mtiu vz;gJfspy; vk;[pMH jhd; murpaYf;F ,Oj;J te;jhH.  vdNt mtH guk;giu vjpup vd;W Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ jpuhtplg; guk;giuiaj;jhd; #wpg;gpLfpwhH vd;gJ nts;splkiy.

ek; ,dj;ijr; NrHe;j Kjy;tiu vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; tpl;Lf; nfhLf;ff; $lhJ. vjpHfhyj;jpy; ek; ghHg;gd ,dj;ijr; NrHe;jtH Kjy;tuhf tUtJ fbdk;. vdNt ,Ug;gtiu ,oe;Jtplf; $lhJ vd  26-04-2006 ehspl;l jpdkyH Vl;by; (gf;fk; 7) gr;irahfNt xU tpsk;guk; ntspte;Js;sJ. ,J eilngw ,Uf;Fk; NjHjy; guk;giu vjpupfSf;F ,ilapyhd NghH vd;gij CUf;Fk; cyfj;Jf;Fk; Jyhk;gukhf vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ. 

ehd; ghg;ghj;jp! mg;gbr; nrhy;ypf; nfhs;tjpy; ngUikg; gLfpNwd; vd;W jdJ rhjpiag; gw;wp rl;lrigapNyNa nrhy;ypg; ngUikg;gl;Lf; nfhz;ltH n[ayypjh.

jkpoha;e;j jkpod;jhd; jkp;o;ehl;bd; Kjyikr;ruhf tuNtz;Lk; vd;W Gul;rpf; ftpQH ghujpjhrd; fdT fz;lhH.

Gul;rpf; ftpQH fz;l fdT mwpQH mz;zh 1967 ,y; Kjyikr;ruhfg; gjtp Vw;w NghJ gypj;jJ. fiyQH fUzhepjp fhyj;jpYk; mJ njhlHe;jJ. mjd;gpd; mJ ngha;j;Jtpl;lJ. Fwpg;ghf n[ayypjh Kjy;tuhfg; gjtp Vw;wNghJ mJ goq;fdtha; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

Nfhlk;ghf;fj;jpy; mupjhuk; G+rp ebj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j n[ayypjh murpaYf;F te;jJ xU tuyhw;W tpgj;J. mijtplg; ngupa tuyhw;W tpgj;J mtH mwpQH mz;zhtpd; ngaiuj; jhq;fpf; nfhz;Ls;s fl;rpapd; nghJr; nrayhsuhf ,Ug;gJ!

mfq;fhuk;
Mztk;
Mlk;guk;
jiyf;fdk;
tha;f; nfhOg;G
ehd; ehd; vd;w kkij
kw;wtHfis vLj;njwpe;J NgRk; jpkpHg; Nghf;F 
Nrhjplg; gpj;J
%l ek;gpf;iffs;

Mfpatw;wpd; nkhj;j cUtk;jhd; n[ayypjh!

vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf n[ayypjh jkpoPoj; Njrpaj;jpd; guk;giu vjpupahthH!

mjw;fhd rhd;Wfis mLj;fLf;fh vLj;Jf; fhl;l KbAk;.

jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiytiu ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;ij mDg;gpg; gpbj;J tu Ntz;Lk; vd;W rl;lrigapy; jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wpatH n[ayypjh!

tp.GypfSf;Fk;;; - =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; eilngWk; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijia nrd;idapy; elj;Jtjw;F tp.Gypfspd; murpay; MNyhrfH md;ld; ghyrpq;fk; xU Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhH. jFe;j kUj;Jt cjtp ngwTk; td;dpf; fhl;by; ,Uf;Fk; jiytH gpughfuNdhL Neubj; njhlHG nfhs;sTk; trjpahf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gtw;iwf; fhuzk; fhl;b  me;j Ntz;LNfhs; Kd;itf;fg; gl;lJ.

Mdhy; tp.Gypfspd; elkhl;lj;ij jkpo;ehl;by; xopj;Jtpl;ljhf khHjl;ba n[ayypjh me;j Nahridia cldbahf epuhfupj;J mwpf;if tpl;lNjhL jkpo;ehl;by; kl;Lky;y ,e;jpahtpd; NtW ve;j khepyj;jpYk; tp.Gypfis mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ vd;W me;j mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

mj;NjhL mikahky; MSeH ciuapYk; mjidg; ngupa tplakhf vLj;J n[ayypjh Fwpg;gpl;lhH.

jkpoPoj; jkpoHfis ,yq;ifj; jkpoHfs; vd;Wjhd; Fwpg;gpLNtd; vd;W jpkpNuhL NgRfpwhH.

jkpopdj;jpd; gz;ghl;Lr; rpd;dkhd fz;zfp rpiyia ,uNthL ,uthfg; ngaHj;Jf; nfhz;L Ngha; gz;lfrhiy xd;wpy;  mdhjuthfg; Nghl;ltH n[ayypjh. ,e;jr; rpiy mz;zh Kjyikr;ruhf ,Ue;j NghJ epWtg;gl;lJ vd;gJ epidT $uj;jf;fJ.

jkpo;f; Foe;ijfSf;Fg; ngaH #l;Lk;NghJ mtHfSf;F n[ayl;Rkp> n[ag;gpugh> n[ayypjh Nghd;w tlnkhopg; ngaHfisNa n[ayypjh itf;fpwhH. ,J mtuJ jkpo;nkhop ntWg;igAk; tlnkhopg; gw;iwAk; fhl;LfpwJ.

New;Wf;$l nrd;idapy; njd;jkpoPoj; jkpoHfs; rpq;fsg; gilapduhy; Fz;L tPrpg; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lijf; fz;bj;J MHg;ghl;l CHtyk; elj;jpa jkpoPo MjuthsH xUq;fpizg;Gf; FOj; jiytH go.neLkhwd;> je;ij ngupahH jpuhtplf; fofj; jiytH nfhsj;JhH kzp> khHf;rPa ngupahupa nghTlikf; fl;rpj; jiytH MidKj;J> jkpoj; Njrg; nghJTlikf; fl;rpj; jiytH kzpaurd;> jkpo; jkpoH ,af;fj; jiytH jpahF>  jkpof xLf;fg;gl;NlhH tpLjiy ,af;fj; jiytH nghopyd;>  jkpo;j; Njr khHf;rPa fl;rpj; jiytH ,uhNre;jpu Nrhod;> jiyefH jkpo;r; rq;fj; jiytH Re;juuhrd;> XtpaH tPu re;jhdk;> jpUr;rp rTe;juuhrd;> cyfj; jkpoH Nguikg;gpd; gj;kehgd;> jkpo; Kof;fk; rhFy; mkPJ> GytH ,iwf;FUtdhH> kh.nr. jkpo;kzp> cyfj;jkpoH ikaj;jpd; GytH kjpthzd;> KidtH jkpog;gd;> GJit ngupahH jpuhtpl fofj;jpd; NyhF ma;ag;gd;> kdpjk; mf;dp Rg;gpukzpak; MfpNahH iJ nra;ag;gl;ltHfspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;ftHfs; MtH.

nkhj;jk; 500 Fk; Nkyhd jkpo; czHthsHfs; fhty;Jiwapduhy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;.  

vy;iy fle;j gaq;futhjj;ijj; jLf;f cUthf;fg;gl;l nghlh rl;lj;ijj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jp go. neLkhwd;> Rg tPughz;bad;> ef;fPud; Nfhghy;  Nghd;w jkpo; czHthsHfis 19 khjq;fSf;F Nkyhfr; rpiwf; nfhl;bypy; milj;J rpj;jputij nra;jtH n[ayypjh.  

Fiwe;j gl;r gz;ghbd;wp fiyQH Nghd;w %j;j murpay;thjpfis xUikapy; mioj;Jj; jpl;LtJ n[ayypjhtpd; rpd;dj;jdkhFk;.  

jdf;Fg; gpbf;fhjtHfs; kPJ fhty;Jiwia Vtp fQ;rh tof;Fg; Nghl;Lr; rpiwapy; milg;gJ n[ayypjhTf;F ifte;j Ez;fiy.  

n[ayypjh jiyik jhq;Fk; mjpKftpy; cl;fl;rp rdehafk; vd;gJ kUe;Jf;Fk; ,y;iy.  

mjpKf mikr;rHfs; mbikfs; Nghy; n[ayypjhtpdhy; elj;jg;gLfpwhHfs;.  

mjpKf mikr;ruit MWKiw khw;wp mikf;fg;gl;lJ. 

mjpKf mikr;rHfs; nra;jpj;jhs;fSf;F NeHfhzy; toq;f mDkjp ,y;iy. 

gug;Giuf;Fr; nry;Yk; n[ayypjhit tuNtw;f mjpKf mikr;rHfs; njUNthuq;fspy; Fk;gpl;l ifNahL Fuq;Ffs; Nghy;  Fe;jp ,Uf;f itj;J Nftyg;gLj;jg;gLfpwhHfs;. 

mjpKf murpy; ehd; mikr;ruhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy mbikahfNt ,Ue;Njd; vd New;Wtiu mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j ,d;gj;jkpod; xg;Gjy; thf;F%yk; mspj;jpUf;fpwhH. 

,d;gj;jkpod; kl;Lky;y Nrlg;gl;b Kj;ijah Nghd;w mjpKf Kd;dhs; gpugy;aq;fSk; ,g;gbr; nrhy;ypj;jhd; Gyk;GfpwhHfs;.   

n[aypjhtpd; murpay; gopthq;fYf;F gj;jhapuk; rhiyg; gzpahdhHfs; tPl;Lf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. mtHfspy; 73 gzpahsHfs; grpf; nfhLik jhq;fhJ Jhf;Fg; Nghl;Lj; jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhz;lhHfs;.  

xNuehspy; ,uz;L ,yl;rk; mur CopaHfis tPl;Lf;F mDg;gp itj;j ngUik rPkhl;b n[ayypjhTf;F kl;LNk cz;L!  

,e;jj; NjHjypy; fl;rpj; jhty;fSf;Fk; mzp khwYf;Fk; gQ;rNk ,y;iy. nghOJ Nghf;F mk;rq;fSk; epiwaTz;L!  

fhiyapy; mz;zd; fUzhepjpjhd; mLj;j Kjy;tH vd;W NgrpatH khiyapy; Gul;rpj; jiytpapd; nghw;fhy Ml;rp njhlUk; vd;W NgRfpwhH.  

vg;gbg;gl;l Gul;rpj; jiytp? fhNlwp> #o;r;rpf;fhup> #dpaf;fhup> rjpfhup> ghrp];l; vd;W ,uz;L ehs;fSf;F Kd;dHtiu mHr;rpf;fg;gl;l mNj n[ayypjh! 

mwpthyaj;jpy; ,Ue;J miog;G tUk; vdf; fhj;jpUe;J mJ fpilf;ftpy;iy vd;wJk; Njhl;lj;jpw;Fg; Ngha; ruzhfjp mile;jtH NgRfpwhH fUzhepjp jkpo; tpNuhjp> jypj; tpNuhjp vq;fs; mk;khjhd; ehl;bYs;s xNu rpq;fk; vd;fpwhH. kJiuapy; mtNuhL NkilNaw n[ayypjh kWj;Jtpl;lij mtH trjpahf kwe;J tpl;lhH. 

,tHfis kdjpy; itj;Jj;jhd; mwpQH mz;zh ,ul;il ehTilaha; Nghw;wp! vd;W Nghw;wp mfty; ghbapUf;fpwhH.

Nga; murhz;lhy; gpze;jpd;Dk; rhj;jpuq;fs; vd;W kfhftp ghujpahH nrhd;dhH.

jkpo;ehl;il n[ayypjh vd;w Nga; MSfpwJ. me;jg; Ngapd; Ml;rpia KbTf;Ff; nfhz;LtUtjw;F jkpo;ehl;L thf;fhsHfSf;F xU nghd;dhd tha;g;Gf; fpilj;Js;sJ.

ngupahH gpwe;j kz;zpy;> mz;zh tho;e;j ehl;by; n[ayypjh Kjyikr;ruhf kPz;Lk; gjtpf;F tUtJ vd;gJ kpfg; ngupa tuyhw;Wj; jtwhfptpLk;!  jkpopdj;jpd; xl;Lnkhj;j jd;khdj;Jf;F tpLf;fg;gl;Ls;s miw$tyhfptpLk;!

vdNt jkpo;ehl;L thf;fhsHfs; xU nfhLq;Nfhy; Ml;rpia xU rHthjpfhupapd; Ml;rpia> jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;Fg; gifahd Ml;rpia KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltuj; jq;fs; nghd;dhd thf;Ffisj; jf;f Kiwapy; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. gad;gLj;JthHfs; vd ek;GfpNwhk;.  

Mz;lJ NghJk; mk;khit tPl;Lf;F mDg;gp itAq;fs;!   

jkpo; $Wk; ey;Yfk; jkpo;ehl;L thf;fhsHfsJ ey;y jPHg;igf; Nfl;f MtNyhL  fhj;jpUf;fpwJ!   

 


 

ghy];jPdpa kf;fisj; jz;bf;Fk; mnkupf;fh!
 

ef;fPud;

fle;j rdtup 23 ,y; ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mitf;F ele;j NjHjy; KbTfs; kj;jpa fpof;fpYk; mjw;F mg;ghYk; mjpHr;rp miyfis vOg;gpajhf Kd;dH vOjpapUe;Njd;.

nkhj;jk; 132 ,Uf;iffspy; 76 ,Uf;iffis `kh]; ,af;fk; ifg;gw;wpaJ.  NkYk; `kh]; MjuT toq;fpa 4 RNar;ir Ntl;ghHsHfs; ,e;jj; NjHjypy; ntw;wp ngw;wpUf;fpwhHfs;. ghj;jh mikg;Gf;F 45 ,lq;fspy; kl;LNk ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ. kpFjp ,lq;fis rpW fl;rpfs; ifg;gw;wpAs;sd.

mnkupf;fh Vida ehLfSf;F> Fwpg;ghf kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfSf;F> kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia Vw;Wkjp nra;tij jdJ jiyaha ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifahff; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

,uhf; kPJ 2003 ,y; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l jhf;Fjy; rHthjpfhup rjhk; FNrid Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;J mfw;wp mq;F kf;fhl;rpiaf; nfhz;L tUtjw;Nf vd mnkupf;f jug;gpy; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. fle;j rdtup 30 ,y; ,uhf;fpy; ele;J Kbe;j NjHjy; kf;fshl;rpf;fhd fhy;Nfhs; vd Ml;rpj; jiytH G\; khH jl;bf; nfhz;lhH.

fle;j khHr;R khjk; 16 Mk; ehs; `hkh]; ,af;fk; rhHghf mjd; gpujkH ,];khapy; `dpah (Ismail Haniyeh)  24 NgH nfhz;l mikr;ruitg; gl;baiy ghy];jPd Ml;rpj;jiytH kf%j; mg;gh]; ,lk; ifaspj;jJ. `kh]; ,af;f Kf;fpa jiytHfspy; xUtuhd kf%j; rfhH Gjpa ntspAwT mikr;ruhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. mikr;ruitapy;  xU ngz;Zk; ,lk; ngw;Ws;shH.

Mdhy; `kh]; muir mnkupf;fh mq;fPfupf;f kWj;Js;sJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; `kh]; ,af;fk; xU gaq;futhj ,af;fk; vd;w fhuzj;ijf; fhl;b ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mitf;F ,Jtiu fhyKk; nfhLj;J te;j epjpAjtpia epWj;jp tpl;lJ. ,g;gb epjpajtpia epWj;jpa ,d;ndhU ehL fdlhthFk;. Mf jw;rkak; ,];Nuy;> mnkupf;fh> fdlh Mfpa 3 ehLfs; epjpAjtpia epWj;jpAs;sd. fle;j Mz;L mnkupf;fh 324 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfis epjpAjtpahf toq;fp ,Ue;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. 

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; rpy epge;jidfNshL 60 kpy;ypad; A+Nwh nlhyHfis toq;fpAs;sJ.  `kh];> ,];Nuy; njhlHghd jdJ nfhs;ifia khw;whtpl;lhy; Nkw;nfhz;L epjpAjtp vJTk; mspf;fg;gl khl;lhJ vd mJ mwptpj;Js;sJ.

epjpAjtp njhlHghf Ngrpa mnkupf;fhtpd; Ml;rpj; jiytH G\; ,];Nuiy mopg;gij jdJ Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;Ls;s `kh]; ,af;fk; mjidf; iftpl Ntz;Lk;. vkJ el;G ehlhd ,];Nuiy mopg;gij Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;Ls;s muRf;F ehk; cjtp nra;a KbahJ. ehk; cjtp nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;why; `kh]; ,af;fk; jdJ jdJ MAjg; giliaf; fiyj;J td;Kiwiaf; iftpl;L ,];Nuy; ehl;il mq;fPfupf;f Ntz;Lk; vdg; NgrpAs;shH.

kj;jpa fpof;Ff;F kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia Vw;Wkjp nra;tNj mnkupf;fhtpd; nfhs;if vd xUGwk; Ngrpf; nfhz;L kf;fshl;rp Kiwikf;F mika ele;j NjHjypy; kf;fsJ thf;Ffisg; ngw;W ntw;wpthif #ba `kh]; ,af;f;fj;jpd; muir mq;fPfupf;f kWg;gJk; mjw;F epjpAjtpia epWj;jpf; nfhs;tJk; ve;jtpjj;jpy; epahak; vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

epjpAjtpia epWj;jpajd; %yk; mnkupf;fh ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; xU Rje;jpukhd NjHjy; %yk; ntspg;gLj;jpa Kbit cjhrPdk; nra;tNjhL mtHfis xl;L nkhj;jkhfj; jz;bf;fTk; nra;fpwJ.

ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; `kh]; ,af;fj;Jf;F thf;fspj;jjd; %yk; rpy nra;jpfis cyFf;Fr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhHfs;. jq;fisj; jhq;fNs ghJfhf;Fk; cupik> Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gilia MAjg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; %yk; ntspNaw;Wk; cupik> ,Wjpahf xU Rje;jpukhd ehl;il cUthf;Fk; cupik Mfpa mbg;gil cupik MfpaitNa me;jr; nra;jpfshFk;.

1994 Mk; Mz;L ghy];jPdpa mjpfhu mig cUthf;fg;gl;lijj; njhlHe;J ahrH mugj; jiyik tfpj;j ghj;jh mikg;G Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. Mdhy; mjd; 13 Mz;L fhy Ml;rpapd; NghJ rfy kl;lq;fspYk; Coy;> jtwhd mjpfhu eilKiw> murpay; gopthq;fy; kw;Wk; epjp Nkhrb epytpaJ. Nfhbf;fzf;fhd gzk; murpay;thjpfshYk; mjpfhupfshYk; fsthlg;gl;ljhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. vdNt ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; `khRf;F mspj;j thf;Ffs; Coy; GiuNahbg; Nghd muRf;F vjpuhd jPHg;ghfTk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;.

1994 - 1996 Mz;Lfhy ,ilntspapy; Mapuf;fzf;fhd ghy];jPdpaHfs; ,];Nuypd; mur gaq;futhjj;Jf;Fg; gypahdhHfs;. x];Nyh mikjp xg;ge;jj;Jf;F vjpuhf ,d;upglh (al Aqsa  Intifada)  vd miof;fg;gLk; fpsHr;rp ntbj;jJ. Kd;diuf; fhl;bYk; mjpfsT capHg;gypAk; Nrhjidr; rhtbfSk; tPLfs; jfHg;Gk; rpiw thrKk; mjpfupj;jd. x];Nyh xg;ge;jk; vOjp 13 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dUk; xU KO muir cUthf;Fk; Kaw;rp if $lhky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

,J ,t;thwpUf;f fle;j khHr;R 28 ,y;  ,];Nuypy; ele;J Kbe;j NjHjypy; kPz;Lk; xU tyJrhup muNr gjtpf;F te;Js;sJ. 

1982 Mk; Mz;L nrg;njk;gH 16 ,y; rg;uh kw;Wk;  rl;byh (Sabra and Shatila) mfjp Kfhk;fspy; tho;e;j RkhH 3>600 ghy];jPdpa kf;fspd; gLnfhiyapy; njhlHGilatH vd ma;ag;gLk; Vupay; rhud; (Ariel Sharon)  epWtpa fbkh vd;w fl;rpNa ngUk;ghd;ikj; njhFjpfisf; ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. mjidj; njhlHe;J fbkh fl;rpapd; jitH Ehud Olmert  gpujkuhf epakdk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;shH.

midj;Jyf kl;lj;jpy; mnkupf;fh K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhd Nghupy; Kk;kukhf <Lgl;L tUfpwJ. ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPd rpf;fNyhL gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NghH (war on terror)  K];ypk; tyJrhupfs; kw;Wk; mbg;gilthjpfspd; ifia Xq;fr; nra;jpUf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,uhf; Nghd;w ehLfspy; mnkupf;fh elj;Jk; Neubg; NghUk; ghy];jPdj;jpy; elj;Jk; kiwKfg; NghUk; Nkw;Fyfj;Jf;Fk; ,];yhk; kjj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; eilngWk; NghH vd;w gbkj;ijj; Njhw;Wtpj;Js;sJ.

NkYk;> Kd; vg;nghOijAk; tpl ,d;iwa mnkupf;f muR ,];Nuy; rhHghd ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifia filg;gpbf;fpwJ. G\; mtHfspd; Kjy; 4 Mz;L gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; ,];Nuypd; gpujkuhf ,Ue;J rhud; xd;gJ Kiw nts;skhspiff;F nrd;W jpUk;gpAs;shH. mJ kl;Lky;y rNuhid  xU rkhjhd tpUk;gp (“A man of peace”) vd;W G\; Gfohuk; #l;lTk; jtwtpy;iy! ,J G\; ghy];jPd kf;fspd; mbg;gil kdpj cupikf; Nfhupf;ifia Vw;f kWj;J tpl;lijf; fhl;LfpwJ.  

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapy; ele;J Kbe;j NjHjypy; `khir Mjupg;gij tpl ghy];jPdpa kf;fSf;F NtW top ,Uf;ftpy;iy vd;Nw nrhy;yyhk;.

xU tpjj;jpy; ,];Nuypa tyJrhup fl;rpfSf;Fk;  ,];yhkpa tyJrhupg; Nghf;Fila `khRf;Fk; ,ilNa gy xw;Wikfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. `khrpd; nfhs;if> Nfhl;ghL> epiyg;ghL ,d;iwa ,];Nuypa murpd; nfhs;if> Nfhl;ghL> epiyg;ghL Nghd;wtw;iwNa gpujpgypf;fpwJ vd;W nrhy;yyhk;.

    1) tuyhw;W mbg;gilapy; tyJrhup ypf;Fl; fl;rp (Likud Party) 1977 Mk; Mz;L  mjw;F Kd;dH 40 Mz;Lfs; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j njhopw; fl;rpiaj; Njhw;fbj;J  Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jJ. me;jf; fl;rp rhHghf ngfpd;> rkPH> nej;jd;ahF>  rhud; gpujkHfshf gjtp tfpj;jhHfs;. uhgpdpd; njhopw; fl;rp ,];Nuypa - muG Nkhjy;fis KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltuj; jtwpaijr; Rl;bf; fhl;bNa ypf;Fl; fl;rp Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jJ. 2006 ,y; ypf;Fl; fl;rp gad;gLj;jpa mNj thjq;fisAk; ,uhrje;jpuj;ijAk; gad;gLj;jpNa 40 Mz;L fhyk; ghy];jPd murpaypy; Nkyhjpf;fk; nrYj;jpa gj;jh fl;rpia `kh]; NjHjypy; Njhw;fbj;jJ.

    2) `kh]; ,];Nuy; ehl;il mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ cz;ikNa. Mdhy; ypf;Fl; fl;rpAk; ghy];jPdpaHfsJ muRupikiaAk; mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy. tuyhw;W mbg;gilapy; ghy];jPdpa kz;Zf;F cupa cupikiaAk; ypf;Fl; fl;rp mq;fPfupf;f kWf;fpwJ. ,];Nuypa muR ,];Nuy; kz;Zf;F ,];NuypaHfs; kl;LNk cupikAilatHfs; vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. Vg;ufhk; topte;j K];ypk;fs; kw;Wk; fpwp];jtHfs; MfpNahuJ kz;Zupikia ypf;Fl; fl;rp ( ypf;Fl; fl;rpia cilj;J rhud; njhlf;fpa fbkh fl;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; nfhs;if Nfhl;ghl;by; ngupa NtWghL ,y;iy) kWf;fpwJ. A+j ,sj;jtUf;F kl;LNk kz;Zf;F cupik cz;L vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. ,e;j thjj;jpd; kWgf;fkhf `kh]; ,af;fk; kj mbg;gilapy; KO ghy];jPdKk; ghy];jPdHfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhdJ vd;W nrhy;fpwJ.

    3) ,];Nuypa tyJrhupf; muRfs; ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F xU KO ,iwik gilj;j muir epWTk; cupikia kWf;fpd;wd.  ghy];jPdpaHfSf;F cUthf;fg;gLk; muR ,];Nuy; ehl;bd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; ( vy;iyfs;> gpuNjrq;fs;) vd tpUk;Gfpd;wd.  Fwpg;ghf fpof;F n[&ryk; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd epidf;fpwhHfs;. `kh]; ,jw;F vjpHkhwhd epge;jidfis Kd;itf;fpwJ. ,];Nuypa A+jHfs; ghy];jPdj;jpy; (,d;iwa ,];Nuy; ehl;Lg; gpuNjrk; cl;gl)  K];ypk; my;yhjtH Nghy; thoyhk;. mtHfs; ,];yhkpa rl;lj;jpd; gpufhuk; elj;jg;gLthHfs;. 

    4) ,];Nuy; kw;Wk; `kh]; ,uz;LNk td;KiwiaAk; MAjq;fisAk; jhuhskhfg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,U rhuhUNk mtHfs; Jg;ghf;fp nkhopia kl;LNk Gupe;J nfhs;thHfs; vd;w Kof;fj;ij jpUk;gj; jpUk;gr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

    5) `kh]; ,];NuYld; xU ePz;lfhy NghHepWj;jj;ij Nkw;nfhs;sj; jahH vd mwptpj;Js;sJ. ,];Nuy; muRk; ,Jtiu fhyKk; ,];Nuy; ehlbd; midj;Jyf  vy;iyfis ,d;Dk; epWttpy;iy. ghy];jPdpaHfsJ jhafj;Jf;fhd  tuyhw;W cupikiaAk; mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy. vdNt ,uz;L gf;fKk; xU ePz;l fhy NghH epWj;jj;ijNa filg;gpbf;fpwhHfs;. ghy];jPdpaHfsJ jhaf cupikia ve;jg; ghy];jPdpa ,af;fKk; tpl;Lf; nfhLf;Fk; epiyik ,y;iy.

    6) `khRk; ,d;W gjtpapYs;s muRk; x];Nyh mikjp cld;ghl;il  epuhfupj;J tpl;ld. rhud; jdJ gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; x];Nyh cld;gbf;ifia Kw;whfg; Gwe;js;sptpl;L jdJ epfo;r;rp epuiyNa eilKiwg; gLj;jpdhH. x];Nyh xg;ge;jj;ij cUthf;fpa kpjthj ghj;jh kw;Wk; njhopw;fl;rp ,uz;Lk; tyJrhup fl;rpfshd `kh]; kw;Wk; ypf;Fl; (,g;NghJ fbkh) fl;rpfshy; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld.

vdNt ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPdpa rpf;fYf;F jPHTfhZk; nghWg;G `kh]; kw;Wk; fbkh fl;rpfSf;Nf cz;L. gj;jhTk; njhopw;fl;rpAk; Njhy;tpAw;w epiyapy; ahUk; gyj;Jld; tpsq;Fk; `khirNah fbkhitNah Gwe;js;sptpl KbahJ.

G\; epUthfk; `kh]; ,af;fk; xU gaq;futhj ,af;fk; vd;Nwh my;yJ mjd; jiytHfs; gpd; yhldpd; mr;R vd;W nrhy;yp mtHfis xJf;fptpl KbahJ.

jq;fs; tpLjiyf;Fk; jhaf cupikf;Fk; NghuhLk; kf;fis ntWkNd gaq;futhjpfs; vd;W mnkupf;fh mUr;rpg;gjpy; mHj;jkpy;iy. mJ rpf;fYf;F Kfk; nfhLf;fhJ XbtpLk; Nghf;ifNa fhl;l cjTk;.  

cz;ikapy; kf;fshl;rp Kiwikia cyFf;F tpw;gid nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;w ey;nyz;zk; ,Ue;jhy;  ,];Nuy; - ghy];jPdr; rpf;fYf;F G\; jPHT fhz Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. mnkupf;fh fz;%bj;jdkhd Nghf;fpy; ,];Nuy; MjuTf; nfhs;ifiaf; ifg;gpbf;fpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;L epyTfpwJ. Fwpg;ghf ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; mnkupf;fhtpd; xUjiyg; gl;r mZFKiw cyf kl;lj;jpy; mjw;Ff; nfl;l ngaiuNa thq;fpf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. ,e;j epiyapy; mnkupf;f muR `kh]; ,af;fj;NjhL ,uhrje;jpu kl;lj;jpy; Ngrp xU ,zf;fg;ghl;Lf;F  tuNtz;Lk;.

mikjp vd;gJ ez;gHfNshL my;yhJ  vjpupfNshL Ngrpf; fhz Ntz;ba rq;fjpahFk;.  

ghy];jPdpa kf;fs; rdehaf topapy; mspj;j jPHg;ig mnkupf;fh> ,];Nuy;> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfs; mq;fPfupf;f kWg;gJ rdehafg; gLnfhiyahFk;.

ghy];jPdpa kf;fsJ rdehafj; jPHg;ig epuhfupj;J epjpAjtpia epWj;jp mtHfis xl;L nkhj;jkhfj; jz;bg;gJ ghy];jPdpa - ,];Nuy; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Nkhjiy mjpfupf;fNt cjTk;.  (cyfj;jkpoH 31-03-2006)

 


 

Gyp thiyg; gpbj;Js;s G\;

ef;fPud;

 

mz;ikapy “cs;ehl;Lg; NghUf;Fj; jahuhFk; ,uhf;” gw;wp (cyfj;jkpoH khHr;R 3- khHr;R 09) vOjpapUe;Njd;.

 

,g;NghJ ,uhf; ehl;bd; Kd;dhs; ,ilf;fhyg; gpujkH  ma;aj; myhtp ,uhf; ehl;by; cs;shl;Lg; NghH xd;W njhlHtjhf (a civil war in progress) mwptpj;Js;shH. myhtp kl;Lky;y mnkupf;f ehl;L ClftpayhsHfSk; murpay; Ma;thsHfSk; ,uhf;fpy; cs;shl;Lg; NghH xd;W eilngWtjhff; fUj;Jj; njuptpj;Js;shHfs;.

 

Nfshr; nrtpauhd mnkupf;f Ml;rpj; jiytH NahH[; G\; kl;Lk; ,uhf; xU cs;ehl;Lg; Nghupy; rpf;fpf; nfhz;Ltpltpy;iy vdf; $wpAs;shH. ghtk; G\; -  mg;gbj;jhd; mtH Ngr Ntz;Lk;. jw;NghJ ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd mtuJ gilnaLg;G mnkupf;f kf;fs; kj;jpapy; fLk; fz;ldj;Jf;Fk; fUj;jhlYf;Fk; cs;shfp tUfpwJ.

 

mnkupf;fh cl;gl cynfq;Fk; ,uhf; NghUf;F vjpuhd vjpHg;G MHg;ghl;lq;fs; ele;Js;sd. ,jpy; ,yf;ff;fzf;fhd kf;fs; fye;J nfhz;Ls;shHfs;.

 

,uhf; kPJ mnkupf;f - gpupj;jhdpa gilfs; Nkw;nfhz;l rl;lj;Jf;F khwhd NghH fle;j khHr;R 19 md;W %d;W Mz;Lfis epiwT nra;Js;sJ.

 

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitia kPwpj; jd;dpr;irahf mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ njhLj;j rl;l Kuzhd Nghu; Vida ehLfSf;Fg; gpioahd vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf mike;Jtpl;lJ. ma;ad;dhitAk; n[dPth kuGfisak;  mnkupf;fh kPwpaJ Nghy; Vida ehLfSk; ehis mtw;iw kPwyhk;. 

 

,uhf; Nghiu mnkupf;fh jdJ etPd MAjq;fisg; gupNrhjpf;Fk; fskhfg; gad;gLj;jp tUfpwJ. NghH njhlq;fpa NghJ (khHr;R 2003) mnkupf;f gpupj;jhdpa gilfs; 1>100 – 2>200 njhd; Fz;Lfis ,uhf; efuq;fs; kPJ tPrpaJ. ,e;jf; Fz;Lfs; fjpupaf;f cNyhfk; kw;Wk; eQ;R fye;j (toxic and radioactive metal)  Fz;LfshFk;. ,e;jf; Fz;L tPr;rpdhy; mnkupf;fg; gilapdUk; ghjpf;fg;gl;ldH. g];uh efupy; cly; <dj;NjhL gpwe;j Foe;ijfspd; tpOf;fhL VO klq;F mjpfupj;jJ.

 

ngha;ahd Kw;wpYk; mePjpahd VJf;fspd; mbg;gilapy; Nkw;nfhz;l ,uhf; Nghupy; Nghupy; ,Jtiu 2>319 mnkupf;f ,uhZtj;jpdUk; 103 gpupj;jhdpa ,uhZtj;jpdUk; ,uhf; jPtputhjpfshy; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. 17>004 tPuHfs; fhag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. 30>000 Fk; Fiwahj nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. rhjhuzkhfg; gilapdH nra;fpw gzpapy; 20>000 Fk; mjpfkhd xg;ge;jfhuHfs; mkHj;jg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

 

'G+r;nrz;L nfhLj;J ,uhf; kf;fs;  tuNtw;ghHfs;  vd;W vz;zp te;Njhk;. Mdhy; vq;fisj; Jg;ghf;fpf; Fz;Lfs;jhd; tuNtw;wd” vd;W mnkupf;f ,uhZtj;jpdH Gyk;gpf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,uhf; Mg;fdp];jhd; NghHfs; njhlq;fpa gpd;dH 364>000 ifapUg;Gg; gilapdH (reserve troops) fsk; ,wf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH. xt;nthU gilapdJ gzp 20 khjq;fs; tiu ePbf;fyhk;. ,jpy; 30-40 tpOf;fhl;bdH nghJg; gzpapy; ,Ue;jijtplf; Fiwe;j rk;gsj;ijNa ngWfpwhHfs;. Njrpa ghJfhg;Gg; giliag; nghWj;jstpy; (National Guard soldiers) mjpy; ,Ug;gtHfs; mnkupf;f gilapdupy; %d;wpy; xU gq;if epug;GfpwhHfs;. ,jw;Fj; jpul;lg;gLgtHfs; jPaizg;Gg; gil> fhty;Jiw> mtrufhy kUj;Jtg; gzpahsHfs; MtH. ,jdhy; 44 tpOf;fhl;Lg; gzpahsHfisf; fhty;Jiw ,oe;Js;sJ. ,jdhy; fw;wPdh #whtsp epA+ XHypad;]; khfhzj;ij;ijj; jhf;fpa NghJ mjd; kPl;Gg; gzpapy; <LgLj;Jtjw;Fg; Nghjpa gzpahsHfs; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

 

,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;NghNj ,uhf; efuq;fspy; jPtputhjpfs; elj;jpa ehd;F ntt;NtW fhHf; Fz;Lj;jhf;Fjypy; 14 fhty;JiwapdH cl;gl 45 NgH capH Jwe;Js;shHfs;. ehw;gJf;Fk; Nkw;gl;NlhH fhak; mile;Js;sdH.

 

2003 Nk 1 Mk; ehs; rdhjpgjp G\; USS Abraham Lincoln vd;w mnkupf;fg; NghHf;fg;gypy; epd;W nfhz;L Nghupy; ntw;wp thif #btpl;ljhf xU mwptpj;jy; tpLj;jhH. gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd Nghiu ntd;Wtpl;Nlhk;> ghupa ,uhZt eltbf;ifs; KbTf;F te;J tpl;ld> vq;fs; “Ntiy Kbj;J tpl;lJ” (Mission Accomplished) vd;gNj G\; tpLj;j mwptpg;ghFk;. ,e;j thrfk; mlq;fpa gjhij mtuJ KJFf;Fg; gpd;Gyj;jpy; fl;bj; njhq;ftplg;gl;bUe;jJ.

 

nra;jp VLfspy; jdJ glj;NjhL  gug;ghd nra;jp tuNtz;Lk; vd;W Mirapy; tpLf;fg;gl;l me;j mwptpj;jy; ,g;NghJk; mtiuj; njhlHe;J tpul;bf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ!

 

MW khjq;fs; mjpfk; vd;W jpl;lkpl;l G\; Kg;gj;jhW khjq;fs; Kbe;j gpd;dUk; ,uhf; Nghiu Kbtf;Ff; nfhz;L tu Kbahky; jpzwpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH. Nfl;lhy; fljhrpapy; jpl;lq;fSk; tpA+fq;fSk; NghHAf;jpfSk; NghHj;je;jpuq;fSk; mofhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. Mdhy;>  mtw;iwj; jiuapy; eilKiwg;gLj;Jk; NghJjhd; xl;ilfs; njupfpd;;wd vd;fpwhH. 

 

Nghiu ve;j kilaDk; njhlq;fyhk;. Mdhy; mij epWj;JtJ vd;gJjhd; fbdkhd nray;.

 

G\; Nrw;wpy; fhiy tpl;ltd; epiyapy; ,Uf;fpwhH. xU fhiy ,Oj;jhy; kw;wf; fhy; Nrw;wpy; GijfpwJ!

 

rdhjpgjp G\; mtHfsJ vjpupfs; “rdhjpgjp G\; ifahyhfj jiytH;” (incompetent president)  vd tirghb tUfpwhHfs;.

 

mnkupf;f rdhjpgjp G\; mtHfsJ jdpg;gl;l nry;thf;Fk; ntFthfr; rupe;Js;sJ. mnkupf;fHfspy; 52 tpOf;fhl;bdH ,uhf; Nghiug; G\; ifahz;LtUk; tpjj;Jf;F vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;Js;shHfs;. Kd;dH 38 tpOf;fhl;bdNu vjpHg;Gj; njuptpj;J ,Ue;jhHfs;.

 

Mwpy; xUtH mnkupf;fh jdJ gilia ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J kPsg;ngw Ntz;Lk; vdf; fUJfpwhHfs;. %d;wpy; ,uz;L klq;F kf;fs; ,uhf;if tpl;L ntspNaWtjw;F rdhjpgjp G\; mtHfsplk; njspthd jpl;lk; ,y;iy vd epidf;fpwhHfs;. fhq;fpurpy; ,Uf;Fk; rdehaf; fl;rpf;Fj;jhDk; ,uhf;if vg;gbf; ifahs;tJ vd;gJ njupahJ vd 70 tpOf;fhl;bdH fUj;Jj; njuptpj;Js;shHfs;.

 

,e;jg; Gs;sp tpguq;fs; ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd mnkupf;fh gilnaLg;Gf;Fj; njhlf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j MjuT vt;thW rupe;J tpl;lJ vd;gijf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. 2003 Mk; Mz;L Kbtpy; gj;jpy; MW (59 tpOf;fhL) kf;fs; ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd Nghupy; nrythFk; gzk; Ntz;baJjhd; vdj; njuptpj;jpUe;jhHfs;.

 

vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf mnkupf;fhtpd; gbkk; cyfshtpa mstpy; gyj;j mbthq;fpAs;sJ. vl;L ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfspYk; gy muG ehLfspYk; vLf;fg;gl;l fUj;Jf; fzpg;Gf;fspy; ngUk;ghyhdit mnkupf;fhtpd; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd NghH mnkupf;fhTf;F rhjfkhf ,Ug;gij tplg; ghjfkhfNt mike;J tpl;ljhfj; njuptpf;fpd;wd.

 

,uhf;fp Al Graib  kw;Wk;  fTe;jdhNkh tisFlh (Guantanamo  Bay) rpiwr;rhiyfspy; elj;jg;gl;l nfh^u rpj;jputijfs; mnkupf;fhtpw;F cyf ehLfs; kj;jpapy; nfl;l ngaiu thq;fpf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. mnkupf;f ePjp jpizf;fsk; me;jr; rpiwr;rhiyfspy; eilngw;w rpj;jputij rl;lG+HtkhdJ vd thjpLfpwJ. ,J rpj;jputijf;F vjpuhd ma;f;fpa ehl;L mitapdJ  kuig (Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.) fhypy; Nghl;L kpjpg;gjw;F xg;ghdjhFk;. ,e;j kugpy; mnkupf;fh ifr;rhj;jpl;Ls;sJ kdq;nfhs;sj;jf;fJ.

 

,uhf; kPjhd gilnaLg;Gk; Mf;fpukpg;Gk;  xU ghupa mopT (disaster) vd;w cz;ik ehSk; nghOJk; ntspr;rkhfpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. mnkupf;fhtpd; Mszp ,og;G kl;Lky;yhJ  nghUs; ,og;Gk; vjpHghHj;jijtplg; gd;klq;F mjpfupj;Js;sJ.

 

njhlf;fj;jpy; ,uhf; NghUf;F 50 gpy;ypad; nlhyHfs; NghJk; vdf; fzf;fplg;gl;lJ. ,g;NghJ mJ 249 gpy;ypadhf mjpfupj;Js;sJ. xU mnkupf;f  ,izajsk; xt;nthU tpdhbAk; nrythFk; gzj;ij kPl;lH XLtJNghy; fhl;bf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ!

 

,uhf; NghUf;Fr; nrythFk; gzj;jpy; Nfhbf;fzf;fhd mnkupf;f kf;fSf;F Mapuf;fzf;fpy; gs;spf;$lq;fs;> kUj;Jtkidfs;> tPLfs; fl;bf; nfhLj;jpUf;fyhk; vdg; NghH vjpHg;ghsHfs; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

 

,uhf;fpy; ,uj;j MW XLfpwJ. me;j kf;fSf;Fg; ghJfhg;G toq;Ftjpy; mnkupf;fh Njhy;tp mile;Js;sJ. mnkupf;f Jug;Gf;fs; gJq;F FopfspYk; mjpAay; ghJfhg;G tiyaq;fspYk; gJq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ ,uhf;fpa tPuHfSk; fhty;JiwapdUk; gypahfpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ,t;thW mtHfs; mnkupf;fh kPJ Fw;wk; rhl;LfpwhHfs;. 

 

,uhf;fpy; rdehafj;ij epiy ehl;lg; Nghtjhfr; #Siuj;j mnkupf;fh mq;F MAjf; FOf;fs; Njhd;Wtjw;Nf top rikj;Js;sJ.

 

\pah kjj; jiytHfspy; gyk; tha;e;jtH vd;W fUjg;gLk; Moqtada al-Sadr vd;w kjj; jiytH 20 ,yf;fk; twpa \pah kjj;jpdH thOk; rlhH efiu (Sadr City) jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fpwhH. mtuJ MjuthsHfs; gfpuq;fkhf MAjq;fNshL tPjpapy; tyk; tUfpwhhfs;. ,tHfNs Rd;dp kjj;jtiuf; nfhy;fpwhHfs; vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. my; - rlhH njfuhd;> lk];f]; kw;Wk; nga;&l; Nghd;w efuq;fSf;Fr; nrd;w NghJ mtUf;Fr; nrq;fk;gs tuNtw;Gf; nfhLf;fgl;Ls;sJ.

 

,ilf;fhy  muR Vw;gl;lhy; fpsHr;rp Xa;e;J tpLk; vd;whHfs;. Mdhy; ,ilf;fhy muR Vw;gl;l gpd;dUk; fpsHr;rp ePbj;jJ. gpd;dH ahg;G xd;iw tiue;J NjHjy; itj;J Ml;rp xd;iw mikj;Jtpl;lhy; fpsHr;rp KbTf;F te;JtpLk; vd;W fzf;Fg; Nghl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; mJTk; eilngwtpy;iy.

 

gps;isahH gpbf;f Fuq;fhd fij Nghy ,uhf;fpy; rdehafj;ij epiyehl;lg; NghH njhLj;jjhfr; nrhy;Yk; mnkupf;fh ,d;W ,uhf;if ngUk;ghd;ik \pah kjj;jpduplk; xg;gilj;jjd; %yk; ,uhf;if ,uhdplk; xg;gilj;Js;sJ! mg;gb xg;gilf;fj; jtwpdhYk; mJTk; rdehafg; gLnfhiyahff; fzpf;fg;gl;LtpLk;!

 

mnkupf;fhitg; nghWj;jstpy; Gypthiyg; gpbj;j fijahf ,uhf; tpsq;FfpwJ. ,uhf;if gpbj;J itj;jpUf;f KbahkYk; mq;fpUe;J tpl;L ntspNaw KbahkYk; ,uz;Lk; nfl;l jpuprq;F epiyapy; mJ cs;sJ.

 

Mdhy; mnkupf;fhitg; nghWj;jstpy; ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J ntspNaWtij tpl NtW khw;W top ,y;iy. mg;gb ntspNawpdhy; kl;LNk vQ;rpAs;s kpr;rnrhr;rg; ngaiuf; fhg;ghw;w KbAk;. mJkl;Lk; my;yhky; mnkupf;fh –

 

      1)      ,uhf; ehl;by; cs;s my; fpNug; rpiwr;rhiyia %btpl Ntz;Lk;.

 

    2)     fpA+ghtpy; cs;s fTe;jkhNdh tisFlh rpj;jputijf; $lj;ij %btpl Ntz;Lk;.

 

    3)      jPtputhjpfs; vd ma;ag;gLgtHfis Vida ehLfspy; cs;s rpiwf; $lq;fspy; rpma;V fhytiuapd;wp milj;Jr; rpj;jputij nra;tij epWj;j Ntz;Lk;.

 

    4)      NghHf; ifjpfis n[dpth kuGfSf;F mika ePjpkd;wq;fshy; tprhuiz nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

 

    5)      ,];Nuy; ehl;ilf; fz;%bj;jdkhf Mjupg;ij epWj;jp jq;fs; mbg;gil tho;TupikfSf;fhfg; Nghuhb tUk; ghy];jPdpa kf;fSf;F epahak; toq;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

    6)      gaq;futhjk; vd;w NghHitapy; Njrpa ,dq;fspd; jd;dhl;rp cupikia MAj Kidapy; kWf;Fk; ,dthj muRfSf;F toq;Fk; MAj kw;Wk; nghUs; cjtpfis epWj;j Ntz;Lk;.

 

    7)      Vida ehLfspd; cs;ehl;L mYtHfspy; %f;if Eiof;Fk; ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifiaf; iftpl Ntz;Lk;.

 

    8)      ,uhf;fpy; %o;e;Js;s cs;ehl;Lg; Nghiu Kbj;J itf;FkhW muG ehLfisf; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

,itnay;yhk; elf;fpa fhpakh vd;W ePq;fs; Nfl;gJ fhjpy; tpOfpwJ. Fwpg;ghf ,uhf;fpy; ,Ue;J ntspNaWk; Kbit ,d;Dk; %d;W Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH gjtpf;F tUk; rdhjpgjpNa mjidj; jPHkhdpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W rdhjpgjp G\; nrhy;yp tpl;lhH. nfL Fb nrhw; NfshJ vd;gjw;F G\; khkhit tpl NtW vLj;Jf;fhl;L cyfpy; cz;lh?  (cyfj;jkpoH - 24-03-2006)

 


 

jkpofj;jpy; mLj;j Ml;rp $l;lzp Ml;rpahfNt ,Uf;Fk;

ef;fPud;

jkpo; ehl;Lj; NjHjy; jpUtpoh vd;gJ xU jpiug;glj;ij ghHg;gJ Nghd;wJ. jpiug;glj;jpy; rpupg;G> mtyk;> ,opG> tpag;G> gak;> ngUkpjk;> rpdk;> kfpo;r;rp Kjypa vl;Lr; Ritfisr; rpj;jupf;Fk; fhl;rpfs; ,Uf;Fk;. jkpo; ehl;Lj; NjHjypYk; mit epiwa cz;L.

Ntl;G kDj; jhf;fy; nra;Ak; ehs; Fwpg;gplg;glhtpl;lhYk; NjHjy; eilngWk; ehs; Nk 8 vd NjHjy; Mizak; mwptpj;Jtpl;lJ. Nk 11 Mk; ehs; jkpo;ehl;bd; mLj;j Kjy;tH ahH vd;gJ njupe;JtpLk;.

jpKf $l;lzpapy; cs;s Njhoikf; fl;rpfSf;Fj; njhFjpfs; xJf;fPL Kbe;J tpl;lhYk; ve;jf; fl;rp ve;jj; njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapLtJ vd;gjpy; ,d;Dk; ,Ogwp ePbf;fpwJ.

mjpKf $l;lzpapYk; ,Nj epiyik jhd; ePbf;fpwJ. vy;yhf; fl;rpfSNk ntw;wp tha;g;G xspkakhf ,Uf;Fk; njhFjpfisj; jq;fSf;F xJf;f Ntz;Lk; vdf; Nfl;fpd;wd. njhFjpg; gq;fPl;Lr; rpf;fYf;F ,Jjhd; VJthFk;.

mjpKf Ntl;ghsHfisg; nghWj;jstpy; mtHfsJ ngaHfs; mlq;fp gl;baiy n[ayypjhtpd; capHj;Njhop rrpfyh Nfhapy; Nfhapyhf vLj;Jr; nrd;W tpf;fpufq;fsJ ghjq;fspy; itj;J  G+ir nra;fpwhH! ,g;gbr; nra;jhy; mjpKf Ntl;ghsHfsJ  ntw;wpf;Ff; flTs; mUSthH vd;gJ ek;gpf;if.

kiof;F Kisf;Fk; fhshd;fs; Nghy; NjHjy; fhyj;jpy; gy fl;rpfs; Kisj;Js;sd. jPudpd; kf;fs; ghl;lhspf; fl;rp;> jpz;btdk; uhk%Hj;jpapd; ,e;jpuh fhq;fpu];> tp[a uhNre;jpuupd; ,yl;rpa jpKf njhFjpfSf;fhf ngha]; Njhl;lj;jpy; gop fplf;fpd;wd.

mjpKf mtHfSf;F gpr;ir NghLtJNghy xU njhFjpia kl;Lk; xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fpwJ. jPud;> jpz;btdk; uhk%Hj;jp Nghd;NwhH njhFjp xJf;fPl;Lf;Fj; njhlHe;J Njhl;lj;jpy; jtk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. eupf;FwtHfs; $lj; jq;fs; ,dj;Jf;F xU njhFjp nfhLq;fs; vdf; Nfl;Lj; Njhl;lj;jpy; Kfhk; mbj;Jf; fhj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;!

NjHjy; fhyj;jpy; ,lk;ngWk; fl;rpj; jhty;fs; njhlHfpd;wd. fhq;fpu]; Ngr;rhsH ney;iyf; fz;zd; mjpKf tpy; NrHe;Js;shH.

,e;jpa Njrpa njhopw;rq;f fhq;fpu]; (INTUC) mjpKf tplk; 2 njhFjpfs; Nfl;L thq;fp NjHjypy; Nghl;bapLfpwJ! jkpo;ehL tzpfH rq;fg; Nguit 234 njhFjpfspYk; Nghl;b Nghlg; Nghtjhf mwptpj;Js;sJ!

fle;j ngg;utup 24 Mk; ehs; fiyQH fUzhepjpia njhFjp cld;ghL gw;wpr; Ngrpa gpd;dH “fiyQH fUzhepjpia mLj;j Kjyuhf;FNthk;” vd;W nra;jpahsHfsplk; mwptpj;j kjpKf nghJr; nrayH jpKf $l;lzpapy; ePbg;gjhf mwptpj;jhH. itNfhtpd; jhahH  “EhW rPl; nfhLj;jhYk; vdJ kfd; me;j mk;khNthL Nru khl;lhd; vd tpfld; fpoik ,jOf;F nrt;tp nfhLj;jhH. Mdhy; khHr;R 4 Mk; ehs; itNfh Njhl;lj;Jf;Fr; nrd;W Kjy;tH n[ayypjhitr; re;jpj;J 35 njhFjpfis thq;fpf; nfhz;L mjpKf $l;lzpapy; NrHe;J nfhz;lhH.

,jd; %yk; itNfh mjpKf mzpapy; NrHtjw;F Kaw;rp nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhH vd;W nra;jpj; jhs;fspy; tyk; te;j Cfq;fs; cz;ikahfp tpl;ld.

fle;j ,uz;L khjq;fshfNt jpKf $l;lzpah? mjpKf $l;lzpah? vd itNfh Cryhbf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. mjdhy; Kjy;tH n[ayypjhit tpkHr;rpg;gij mtH jtpHj;J te;jhH.

fl;rpfs; $l;lzp khWtJ vd;gJ jkpo;ehl;by; kpf kpf rhjhuz epfo;r;rpahFk;. jpKf mjpKf $l;lzp kl;Lk; ,d;Dk; Vw;gltpy;iy. kw;wg;gb fl;rpfs; khwp khwpf; $l;lzp itj;Js;sd.

1967 ,y; mz;zh jiyikapyhd jpKf ,uhrhrpapd; Rje;jpuh fl;rpNahL $l;lzp itj;Jj;jhd; Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jJ. 1977 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; mike;j $l;lzp vitnait vd;gij fPo;f; fz;l ml;ltiz fhl;LfpwJ.  

fl;rpkhWtJk; $l;lzp khWtJk; ,ay;G vd;whYk; jd;id 18 khjq;fs; rpiwf; nfhl;bypy; milj;J itj;j n[ayypjhNthL itNfh $l;lzp itj;Jf; nfhz;lJjhd; gyuJ GUtj;ij caHj;jpAs;sJ.

fle;j 15 Mz;Lfshf n[ayypjh jd;idj; jkpo;j; Njrpaj;jpd; Kjy; vjpupahfTk; tpLjiyg; Gypfspd;  fLk; vjpHg;ghsuhfTk; fhl;b te;jpUf;fpwhH. Njrpaj; jiytH gpughfuid ehL flj;j Ntz;Lk; vdr; rl;lrigapy; jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wpa ngUik mtiur; rhUk;. nghlhtpy; itNfh> go.neLkhwd;> Rg tPughz;bad; Nghd;Nwhiu rpiwapy; milj;j GfOk; mtiuNa NrUk;!

"'yl;rpaj;jpy; cWjp nghJtho;tpy; Jha;ik  murpaypy; NeHik" itNfh mbf;fb nrhy;Yk; Kof;fq;fs.;

ehfupf murpay; vd;gJ mUq;fhl;rpafj;jpy; kl;LNk fhzg;gLfpw mG+Htg; nghUshfp tpl;l ,e;jf; fhyj;jpy itNfh xU epfo;fhy mjprak; ,e;j thrfk; vy;NyhUk; ghHf;ff; $bajhf itNfh tPl;by; Rtupy; khl;b itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,Jfhy tiu itNfh xU NeHikahd murpay;thjp>  nfhz;l nfhs;iff;fhf rpiwr;rhiyia jtr;rhiyahf vz;zpr; rpupj;j Kfj;Jld; nry;yf; $batH (24 Kiw rpiw nrd;Ws;shH) mlf;FKiwf;F mQ;rhjtH vd;w gbkk; ,Ue;jJ. mJ ,dp vd;dhFNkh vd;gJjhd; mtuJ MjuthsHfsJ ftiy.

rpiwapy; ,Ue;j nghOJk; rpiwapy; ,Ue;J ntspte;j gpd;dUk; n[ayypjhit kpff; fLikahff; fz;bj;jtH. #lhd thHj;ijg; gjq;fisg; gad;gLj;jpatH.

'kf;fs; vd;Dk; rf;jpiaj; jpul;b ,e;jg; ghrpr Ml;rpiaj; Jhf;fp vwpNtd;” ,J  nrd;id tpkhd epiyaj;jpy; (2002 A+iy 11)  itj;J fhty;Jiwahy; nghlhtpy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lNghJ itNfh MNtrkhf ,l;l Kof;fk;.

jkpo;ehl;il tho itf;f VNjh mtjhuk; vLj;J te;jtH khjpup NgRk; n[ayypjhit murpaiy tpl;L tpul;LNtd;  ,J nghlh ePjpkd;wj;Jf;Fk; NtY}H rpiwf;Fk; thdpy; te;J Nghd NghJ itNfh NgrpaJ.

,g;gbany;yhk; Ngrptpl;L 'jkpof murpay; tuyhw;wpy; ,J xU mw;Gjkhd epfo;T. fle;j fhyq;fspy; ele;j rk;gtq;fis kwe;J tpl;L> mjpKftpd; ntw;wpf;fhf ehq;fs; ciog;Nghk;.' Ngha]; Njhl;lj;J gbf;fl;Lfspy; Kjy;tH “Gul;rpj;jiytp” n[ayypjhtpd; gf;fj;jpy; epd;w NgrpaJ.

“itNfhtpd; ez;gHfs; rup vjpupfs; rup murpay; mtuJ murpay; efHit re;jHg;gthjk; vd;Nw epidf;fpwhHfs;” vd xU VL tHzpj;Js;sJ.

kjpKf mjpKf NthL $l;lzp NrHe;jjw;Fj; njhz;lHfs; kj;jpay; MjuT cz;LNghy; njupfpwJ. Mdhy; jkpo;ehl;L thf;fhsHfs; vd;d epidf;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ NjHjy; Kbe;j gpd;dNu njupatUk;.

“gz;lhug; guNjrpfs;” vd;Wk;> “er;rutq;fs;' vd;Wk; gh[h it tpkHrpj;J tpl;L> mNj gh[ mikr;ruitapy; jpKf ,lk; ngwtpy;iyah? Kunrhyp khwd; kiwfpw tiu mikr;ruitapy; ePbj;Jtpl;L mtuJ ,Wjp rlq;fpw;F th[;gha; te;J nrd;w gpwF> ghujpa [djhTf;F lhl;lh fhl;btpl;L fhq;fpu]; gf;fk; jpKf jhttpy;iyah? ,jw;nfy;yhk; ngaH vd;d? mtHfs; vy;yhk; nra;jJ uh[je;jpuk; ehd; vLj;j KbT kl;Lk; re;jHg;gthjkh...?' ,t;thW kjpKf nrayH itNfh #lhff; Nfl;Ls;shH. ,uz;L gpiofs; xU rupahfptplhJ vd;gJjhd; ,jw;fhd tpil! mJTk; itNfh me;jg; gpioia tplf; $lhJ vd;gJjhd; jkpo;j; Njrpathjpfspd; MirahFk;.

k.jp.K.f > nghJ nrayH itNfh jpKf Tld; Md $l;lzpia Kwpj;Jf; nfhz;ljw;F xNunahU njhFjp tpj;jpahrk;jhd; fhuzk; vd;gij epidf;Fk; NghJ mijf; nfhLj;J fiyQH fUzhepjp itNfhitj; jd;NdhL itj;jpUe;jpUf;fyhk; vdr; nrhy;yj; Njhd;WfpwJ.

‘kjpKf Tf;F 22 njhFjpfNs xJf;f KbAk; tpUk;gpdhy; mij Vw;Wf; nfhz;L $l;lzpapy; ePbf;fyhk; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; mtHfs; Nghfyhk;” vd;W fiyQH fUzhepjp vLj;njwpe;J NgrpaJ mtuJ murpay; KjpHr;rpiaNah ,uhje;jpuj;ijNfh fpQ;rpj;Jk; fhl;ltpy;iy. mfk;ghtj;ijj;jhd; mtuJ Ngr;Rf; fhl;baJ.

kjpKf Tf;F xJf;fpa 22 njhFjpfs; ,g;NghJ Vida $l;lzpf; fl;rpfSf;F xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,jd;gb $l;lzpf; fl;rpfSf;F 105 njhFjpfs; (fhq;fpu]; 48> ghkf 31> fk;A+dp];l; (kh) 13> fk;A+dp];l; (,) 10 K];ypk; fhq;fpu]; 3) xJf;fpaJ Nghf kPjk; 129 njhFjpfNs jpKf Tf;F vQ;rpAs;sd. ,tw;wpYk; 4  njhFjpfis NrJuhkd;> Mu;.vk;.tPug;gd; Nghd;wtu;fSf;F toq;fpdhy;  jpKf Nghl;bapLk; njhFjpfs; 125 kl;LNk.

jpKf jdpj;J Ml;rp mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; 125 njhFjpfspy; 118 njhFjpfis nty;y Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ 94.4 tpOf;fhL njhFjpfis nty;y Ntz;lk;. ,J rhj;jpag;glhJ vd;gJ epr;rak;.

fle;j 2001 Mk; ele;j  rl;lrigj; Nju;jypy; ,Nj jpKf 167 njhFjpfspy; Nghl;bapl;lJ. ,J jtpu cja#upad; rpd;dj;jpy; Nghl;bapl;l Ntl;ghsu;fisAk; Nru;j;J nkhj;jk; 183 njhFjpfspy; Nghl;bapl;lJ.   

,e;jj; njhFjpg; gq;fPL jpKf NjHjYf;Fg; gpd;dH xU $l;lzp muir mikf;f KbT nra;Jtpl;lijf; fhl;LfpwJ. ,t;thwhd vz;zk; njhlf;fj;jpNyNa te;jpUe;jhy; kjpKf Tf;F NkYk; 2 my;yJ 3 njhFjpfisf; nfhLj;J me;jf; fl;rpia $l;lzpNahL itj;jpUe;jpUf;fyhk;.

kjpKfTk; rpWj;ijfSk; mjpKfNthL NrHe;jhYk; tp.GypfSf;F toq;Fk; Mjutpy;; khw;wk; ,y;iy vd itNfhTk; jpUkhtstDk; mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. mJ kdJf;F MWjiyahf ,Ue;jhYk; mJ eilKiwapy; vt;tsT Jhuk; rhj;jpag;gLk; vd;gJ Nghfg; Nghfj;jhd; njupAk;.

itNfh mzpkhwpaJ rdehaf Kw;Nghf;Ff; $l;lzpf;F Vkhw;wj;ijf; nfhLj;jpUf;Fk; vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy. kjpKf rdehaf Kw;Nghf;Ff; $l;lzpapy; njhlHe;J ,Ug;gij vjpHf;fg; Nghtjhf fiyQH fUzhepjp njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhH. mt;thW kjpKf rdehaf Kw;Nghf;Ff; $l;lzpapy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;lhy; itNfhtpw;F gpujkH khd;Nkhfd; rpq;> fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytp Nrhdpah Nghd;wtHfsplk; jw;NghJ ,Uf;Fk; nry;thf;F rupe;J Ngha;tpLk; vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy. mJ jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;F epr;rak; gpd;dilitf; nfhLf;Fk;.

jkpo;j; Njrpaj;ijg; nghWj;jstpy; jkpo;j; Nerpaj;ij Nerpf;Fk; midj;Jf;  fl;rpfSk; xU Filapd; fPo; jpus;tijNa jkpo; czHthsHfs; tpUk;GfpwhHfs;. ghkf kw;Wk; jpf xU mzpapYk; kjpKf kw;Wk; rpWj;ijfs; ,d;ndhU mzpapYk; vjpUk; GjpUkhf epw;gij mtHfs; tpUk;gtpy;iy.

,e;jj; NjHjypy; tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; mikg;G Ntl;ghsHfs; ghkf Ntl;ghsHfNshL Nkhjg; NghfpwhHfs;. mJ elf;ff; $baJjhd; vd;gij “ghkf Nghl;bapLk; njhFjpfspy; tp.rpWj;ijfs; mikg;G Nghl;bapLk; #o;epiy Vw;gl;lhy; $l;lzp ‘jHkkg;gb’ nray;gLNthk;” vd jpUkhtstd; nrhy;ypapUg;gJ cWjp nra;fpwJ. rpWj;ijfs; kl;Lky;y kjpKfTk; ghkf NthL Nkhj Neuplyhk;.

,e;jj; NjHjypy; Kd; vg;nghOijAk; tplj; jpiug;gl ebfHfspd; ifNahq;fpAs;sJ. ebfH tp[afhe;j;> ebfH fhHj;jpf;> ebfH tp[a ,uhNre;jH jdpf; fl;rpfSf;Fj; jiyik jhq;FfpwhHfs;. ebfH tp[afhe;j; 234 njhFjpfspYk; Nghl;b Nghlg; NghtjhfTk; Coiy xopf;fg; NghtjhfTk; Nkilfspy; trdk; NgRfpwhH.

ebfH tp[afhe;j; ebfH fhHj;jpf; fye;J nfhs;Sk; $l;lq;fSf;F kf;fs; ngUkstpy; $LfpwhHfs;. ,J jkpo;ehl;L kf;fs; njhlHe;J jpiug;gl Nkhfj;jpy; %o;fp ,Ug;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ. Gyk; ngaHe;j jkpoHfspilAk; ,e;j Neha; ,y;yhky; ,y;iy. mjw;Fr; rpy Clfq;fs; jPdp NghLfpd;wd vd;gJjhd; Nrhfk;!

Nk 8 ,y; elf;Fk; NjHjypy; ve;jf; fl;rpf;Fk; ngUk;ghd;ik fpilf;f  thag;gpy;iy. ngUk;ghYk; $l;lzp Ml;rpNa cUthFk; vd;Nw ek;gg;gLfpwJ. jpKf ,g;NghNj mjw;Fj; jahuhfptpl;lJ. (cyfj;jkpoH - khHr;R 17> 2006) 

 


Rje;jpuj;ij Nehf;fp eilNghLk; nfhnrhNth  

ef;fPud;

 

nfhnrhNthtpd; vjpHfhy murpay; kw;Wk; mjd; rl;lj; jFepiy (status)  gw;wp NrHgpaH kw;Wk; my;NgdpaH Mfpa  ,U jug;gpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; Ngr;R thHj;ij tpadhtpy; fle;j ngg;utup 26 njhlf;fk; eilngw;W tUfpwJ. nfhnrhNth xU KO mstpyhd Rje;jpu ehlhf khw;wk; ngw Ntz;Lkh my;yJ NrHgpah-nkhd;nuePf;Nwh (Serbia-Montenegro) Fbaurpd; xU gFjpahfr; NrHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lkh vd;gij ,e;jg; Ngr;R thHj;ij KbT nra;a ,Uf;fpwJ. Ngr;R thHj;ij elj;Jk; ,U jug;gpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy;  ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit ,ilaPl;lshuhf (Mediator) ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.  

nfhnrhNth fle;j 7 Mz;Lfshf (1999 njhlf;fk;)  ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitahy; epUtfpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. 

,Ujug;gpdUk; jj;jk; gf;f epiyg;ghl;il kzpj;jpahyf; fzf;fpy; vLj;Jg; NgrpdhHfs;. Fwpg;ghf nfhnrhNthtpy; thOk; NrHgpaH kw;Wk; rpWghd;ik kf;fSf;F cs;Suhl;rp kd;wq;fspy;  fy;tp> ey;tho;T (Health) kw;Wk; gz;ghL Nghd;w Jiwfspy; ve;jsT mjpfhuk; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ tpthjpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.  

Nkw;F ehl;L ,uhrje;jpupfs; ,Wjpj; jPHT nfhnrhthtpd; cWjpj;jd;iiiaAk; mjd; nray;ghl;bidAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;; vd tw;GWj;jp ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.  

nfhnrhNthtpd; nkhj;j kf;fs; njhif 20 ,yf;fk; ( 2 million) MFk;. ,jpy; my;NgdpaHfs; 90 tpOf;fhL! NrHgpaH 8 tpOf;fhL MFk;.  

nfhnrhNth jdpehL Nfl;Lg; Nghuhba NghJ mtHfsJ Nghuhl;lj;ij Kwpabf;f md;iwa NrHgpa ehl;L Ml;rpj; jiytuhf ,Ue;J ];Nyhgld; kpNyhnrtpf; (Slobodan Milosevic) ,uhZtj;ijf; nfhz;L mlf;f Kw;gl;lhH. mjid epWj;j Nel;Nlh ehLfs; NHgpah kPJ Fz;L tPrpj; jhf;Fjy; elj;jpaJ.

me;jr; rz;ilapy; Mapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fs; ,we;J gl;lhHfs;. ,yf;ff;fzf;fhd kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;jhHfs;. rz;il Kbe;j NghJk; NrHgpaHfSk; my;NgdpaHfSk; xw;Wikahf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. gif czHNthL gpupe;Nj tho;e;jhHfs;. 

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit rhHghf Kd;dhs; gpd;yhe;J ehl;Lg; gpujkH Martti Ahtisaari, mtuJ cjtpahsH  Albert Rohan  gq;F nfhs;fpwhHfs;.

ma;f;fpa mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah> n[Hkdp> gpuhd;];> ,j;jhyp kw;Wk; cUrpah ehLfisr; NrHe;j ,uhrje;jpupfSk; ,e;jg; Ngr;R thHj;ijfspy; fye;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j ehLfs; nfhnrhNthtpd; vjpHfhyk; gw;wpj; jkf;Fs; fye;J Ngrp xUKfg;gl;l Kbit vl;bAs;sd.  mjd;gb nfhnrhNth kWgbAk; NrHgpahNthL ,izf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. mNj rkak; nfhnrhNth NtW ve;j ehl;LlNdh> vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf my;NgdpahNthL> NruTk; mDkjpf;fg; glkhl;lhJ. ve;j cld;ghL fz;lhYk; mJ nfhnrhNth kf;fsJ Mjuitg; ngw Ntz;Lk;.  

NrHgpahitg; nghWj;jstpy; xU Rje;jpu nfhnrhNth gw;wpg; gs;spf;$lq;fSk; Njthyaq;fSk; NgRtjpy;iy. NrHgpa ehl;L Clfq;fSk; mJgw;wp tpthjpg;gjpy;iy.

ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;ijr; NrHe;j mjpfhupfs; nfhnrhNthit NrHgpah kPz;Lk; Ms epidg;gij kwe;J tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhHfs;. mNj Neuk; ngUk;ghd;ik nfhnrhNth my;NgdpaHfs; rpWghd;ik nfhNrhNth NrHgpaHfNshL Ngrp xU ,zf;fg;ghl;Lf;F tUkhWk; tw;GWj;jp tUfpwhHfs;. mg;gbr; nra;jhy; kl;LNk xU cWjpahd> kf;fshl;rpia kjpf;Fk; gy;ypd nfhnrhNthit cUthf;f KbAk; vd ma;Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; MizahsH Olli Regn mwpTiu toq;fpAs;shH. NrHgpah nfhnrhNthit kPz;Lk; Ms Ntz;Lk; vd;w epidg;igf; iftpl;L tpl Ntz:;Lk; vd;Wk; tw;GWj;jpapUf;fpwhH.

Nel;Nlh ehLfs; NrHgpah kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jpa NghJ md;iwa A+Nfhrpyhtpah  ehl;bd; Ml;rpj; jiytH ];Nyhnghld; kpNyhnrhtpf; (Slobodan Milosevic)  rz;ilia epWj;Jtjw;F mtkhdkhd epge;jidfis Vw;f Ntz;b ,Ue;jJ. mNj rkak; nfhnrhNth tpLjiy ,uhZtk; Rje;jpu nfhnrhNth gw;wpa jPHkhdk; js;spg;gl;Lg; Nghdjpdhy; ftiy mile;jJ. mjw;F Nkyhf nfhnrhNth tpLjiy ,uhZtk; MAjq;fisf; fPno itf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epge;jidiaAk; mJ tpUk;gtpy;iy.   

nfhnrhNth  ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapd; fz;fhzpg;Gf;Fs; nfhz;L tug;gl;lhYk; Nel;Nlh ehLfsJ gilfNs mq;F epiynfhz;L ,Ue;jJ. nfhnrhNth ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapd; fz;fhzpg;Gf;Fs; nfhz;L tug;gl;ljd; Nehf;fk; mq;Nf fhyg; Nghf;fpy; kf;fshl;rpf;F Ntz;ba epiyahd mikg;Gf;fisf; (institutions)  fl;b vOg;GtNj MFk;.

gz;ilf; fhyj;jpy; nfhnrhNthtpy; thoe;jtHfs; fpNuf;fHfshYk; cNuhkHfshYk; ,ypwpad;]; (Illyrians) vd;W miof;fg;gl;lhHfs;. me;jg; gpuNjrk; kfh mnyf;rhe;juhy; fpK 300 Mz;lstpy; ifg;gw;wg;gl;lJ. fpgp 4 Mk; Ehw;whz;lstpy; mJ cNuhk Nguurpd; xU gFjpahf ,Ue;J te;jJ.

fpgp 6 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J lDhg; Mw;iwf; fle;J rpyht;]; nfhnrhNth gpuNjrj;jpy; FbNawpdhHfs;. ,e;jg; Gyg;ngaHT md;iwa igrhe;jpak; Nguuir (Byzantium Empire)  gytPdg; gLj;j cjtpaJ. ,jdhy; ,ypwpad;]; ml;wpahupf;fpy; (Adriatic)  ,Ue;J fpof;F Nehf;fp nfhnrhNth gf;fk; efHe;jhHfs;. mtHfsJ nkhop my;NgdpahNthLk;  mtHfsJ gz;ghL fj;Njhypf;f kjgPlk; fpof;F kw;Wk; Nkw;Ff; fpisfshfg; gpupe;j gpd;dH (fpgp 1054) igrhe;jpaj;NjhLk; fye;J nfhz;ld.

Nghy;f;fd; (Balkans) gFjpf;Fg; Gyk; ngaHe;j rpyht;]; rpNyhtd;];> FNwhl;];> NrHg;]; vd %d;W gpuptpduhfg; gpupe;jhHfs;. ,e;jg; gpupT ,d;Wk; ePbf;fpwJ. 12 Mk; Ehw;whz;lstpy; ,e;jg; gpuNjrk; tl my;Ngdpah vd;W miof;fg;gl;lJ. nfhnrhNth rpyhtpf;fpaHfsJ ifapy; rpf;fp ,Ue;jJ.

14 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; nfhnrhNth NrHgpaHfshy; gioa NrHgpah vd miof;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; fpgp 1389 ,y; NrgpaH xl;lhkd; JUf;fpaHfshy; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. mJ Kjy; nfhnrhNth xl;lhkd; Nguurpd; xU cWg;ghf te;jJ. my;NgdpaHfs; 15 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; kPz;Lk; nfhNrhTf;Fg; Gyk; ngaHe;jhHfs;. fpgp 1489 ,y; xl;lhkd; NguuR me;jg; gFjpapd; ,iwikiaf; ifapy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;lJ.

,e;jf; fl;lj;jpy; ngUk;ghd;ik my;NgdpaHfs; fpwpj;jtHfshNt fhzg;gl;lhHfs;. mjdhy; NrHgpaHfSk; my;NgdpaHfSk; NgusT xw;WikNahL tho;e;jhHfs;. Mdhy; ehsiltpy; my;NgdpaHfs; ,];yhkpa kjj;Jf;F kjkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;.

rpWghd;ik NrgpaHfSk; kjk; khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. Mdhy;> ngUk;ghd;ikNahH kjkhw;wj;ij tpUk;ghky; NrHgpad; goikthj Njthyak; (Serbian Orthodox Church) vd;w mikg;ig cUthf;fpdhHfs;. xl;lkhd; JUf;fpaHfsJ jhf;Fjy; fhuzkhf NrHgpaHfs; my;Ngdpahtpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawpdhHfs;. ,jdhy; nfhnrhNthkf;fs; njhif ntFthff; Fiwe;J Ngha;tpl;lJ. me;j tha;g;igg; gad;gLj;jp my;NgdpaHfs; mq;Nf FbNawpdhHfs;.

nfhnrhNth cl;gl NrHgpah xl;lkhd; JUf;fpaHfshy; 1459 ,y; ifg;gw;wg;gl;lJ. fpgp 1465 ,y; ngh];dpahTk; 1483 ,y; N`H];nfhtpdhTk; (Herzegovina)  ifg;gw;wg;gl;ld.

xl;lkhd; NguuR ,];yhkpa murhf ,Ue;jjhy; mjd; Ml;rpapy; A+jHfSk; fpwpj;jtHfSk; mlf;FKiwf;F MshdhHfs;. mjpf tup fl;lf; fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. mbikfs; Nghy;  kpfTk; Nftykhf elj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. mjd; gpd;dH  ma;e;J Ehw;whz;L fhyj;Jf;F xl;lkhd; Nguurpd; ,Uk;Gg; gpbf;Fs; mJ itf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ.  fpgp 1912 ,y; Nghy;fd; Aj;jj;ij mLj;J NrHgpah Rje;jpuk; milAk;tiu ,e;j epiy ePbj;jJ.   

,];yhkpa kjthj xl;lkhd; Nguurpd; mlf;FKiwf;F Mshd NrHgpaH efuq;fistpl;L ePq;fp kiyg;gpuNjrq;fspy; FbNawp tho;e;jhHfs;. efuq;fspy; tho;e;jNghJ iftpidg; nghUl;fs;> Ruq;fNtiy kw;Wk; tzpfk; Kjypa njhopy;fs; nra;J gpioj;j NrHgpaHfs; Gjpa #oypy; fhy;eil tsHj;jy;> tptrhak; Nghd;w njhopy;fspy; <Lgl;lhHfs;.

ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfSk; mT];jpupahTk; (Austria) JUf;fpf;F vjpuhf xl;lkhd; Nguurpd; fPo; tho;e;j NrHgpaHfsJ cjtpAld; gy Aj;jq;fis elj;jpd. JUf;fp-mT];jpupah ,ilapy; ele;j Aj;jj;jpd;NghJ (1593-1605) NrHgpaHfs; JUf;fpf;F vjpuhff; fpsHr;rp nra;jhHfs;. gjpybahfj; JUf;fp Ry;jhd; NrHgpaHfshy; Nghw;wg;gLk; gup.rhth (St. Sava) mtHfsJ capuw;w cliyf; nfhSj;jp mopj;jhd;.

NrHgpaHfs; N`H];nfhtpdh  vd;w gpuNjrj;jpy; ,d;ndhU vjpHg;G ikaj;ij cUthf;fpj; JUf;fpf;F vjpuhfr; nray;gl;lhHfs;.

Mdhy; Aj;jj;ij epWj;j JUf;fpAk; - mT];jpupahTk; cld;gbf;if nra;J nfhz;lNghJ NrHgpaH jq;fs; vjpH eltbf;iffisf; iftpl Ntz;b Neupl;lJ. ,g;gb Aj;jk;> mikjp cld;gbf;if> kPz;Lk; Aj;jk; vd;w toik mLj;j gy Ehw;whz;Lfshfj; njhlHe;jJ.

1683 - 1690 ,y; JUf;fpf;Fk; mT];jpupah> Nghye;J kw;Wk; ntdp]; ehLfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; njhlHe;J ngupa Aj;jk; ele;jJ. mT];jpupah> Nghye;J kw;Wk; ntdp]; ehLfSf;F ,ilapyhd Gdpj $l;lzpia (Holy Alliance) Nghg;ghz;ltNu cUthf;fp ,Ue;jhH. ,e;jg; Gdpj $l;lzp ehLfs; NrHgpaiu JUf;fpf;F vjpuhff; fpsHe;J vOkhW Jhz;baJ. NrHgpaHfsJ fpsHr;rp Nghy;fd; gpuNjrk; KOJk; gutpaJ. NrHgpaHfs; JUf;fpf;F vjpuhff; fue;jbj; jhf;Fjypy; <Lgl;lhHfs;.

xU fl;lj;jpy; mT];jpupah jdJ giliag; gpd;thq;f KbT nra;jJ. mg;NghJ NrHgpaHfis tlf;F Nehf;fpj; jdJ gpuNjrj;Jf;F tUkhW mT];jpupah Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lJ. JUf;fpapd; mlf;FKiw Ml;rpapy; mlq;fp xLq;fp tho;tjh my;yhJ gpwe;j kz;iz tpl;L tlf;F Nehf;fp ,lk;ngaHe;J tho;tjh vd;W jPHkhdpg;gJ NrHgpaHfSf;F ,yFthf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,Wjpapy; ngUk;ghd;ikapdH (RkhH 30>000 - 40>000 FLk;gq;fs;) ,lk; ngaHtJ vd KbTf;F te;jhHfs;.

NrHgpaHfs; tpl;L ePq;fpa gpuNjrk; ntwpr;NrhbaJ. ,Jjhd; jUzk; vd;W vz;zpa JUf;fp vQ;rpapUe;j gpuNjr (nfhnrhNth> k];Nlhdpah....) kf;fis ,];yhkpa kjj;ij jOtkhW mOj;jk; nfhLj;J mjpy; ntw;wpAk; fz;lJ. ,d;W Nghy;f;fd; gpuNjrj;jpy; fzprkhd K];ypk;fs; ,Ug;gjw;F ,e;j tuyhw;Wg; gpd;dzpjhd; fhuzk;.

JUf;fp - mT];jpupa ehLfSf;F ,ilapy; Aj;jk; (1716-1718) kPz;Lk; %z;lJ. ,k;KiwAk; NrHgpaHfs; mT];jpupah gf;fk; epd;W NghuhbdhHfs;. Aj;jk; ngh];dpah> n`H];nfhtpdh> ngy;fpNwl;> lDhg; gs;sj;jhf;F (Danube basin) vq;Fk; gutpaJ. Aj;j Kbtpy; xU mikjp cld;ghL JUf;fpf;Fk; mT];jpupahTf;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;lJ. ,e;j cld;gbf;ifapd; tpisthf JUf;fp lDhg; gs;sj;jhf;F> tl NrHgpah> tl ngh];dpah Nghd;w ,lq;fis Kw;whf ,oe;jJ.

mT];jpupah - JUf;fp ,ilapyhd filrp Aj;jk; 1788 - 1791 ,y; ele;jJ. me;j Aj;jj;jpw;Fg; ngaH Lgpf;fh NghH (Dubica War) vd;gJ. ,e;jKiwAk; mT];jpupaH JUf;fpf;F vjpuhff; fpsHe;J vOkhW ngh];dpahtpy; tho;e;j fpwp];jtHfisf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhHfs;.

1877 Vg;wpy; 12 Mk; ehs; NrHgpahTk; nkhd;nuePf;fpNwhTk; xl;lkhd; Nguurpd; kPJ NghHg; gpufldk; nra;jd. mNj rkak; cUrpahit Mz;l ,uz;lhtJ mnyf;rhe;jH xl;lkhd; NguuRf;F vjpuhfg; NghHg; gpufldk; nra;jhH. 1878 ngg;utup 19 ,y; cUrpag; gilfs; Levna vd;w efiuf; ifg;gw;wpaJ. mNj Mz;L cUrpah - xl;lkhd; NguuR ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; mikjp cld;gbf;if ifr;rhj;jhdJ.

NrHgpah> nkhd;nuePf;Nwh kw;Wk; NwhNkdp;ah ehLfspd; Rje;jpuj;ij xl;lkhd; NguuR mq;fPfupj;jJ.

gpd;dH 1912 ,y; NrHgpahtpw;Fk; JUf;fpf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j Aj;jj;jpy; JUf;fpapd; vr;r nrhr;r Ml;rp Kw;whf KbTf;F te;jJ. KjyhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jk; njhlq;fpaNghJ  Nghy;f;fd; gpuNjrk; rpW rpW ehLfshfr; rpjWz;L fple;jd.

1914 A+d; 14 ,y; mT];jpupa kd;dH Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand ngh];dpad; NrHgpaH xUtuhy; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. me;jf; nfhiy KjyhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jj;jpw;fhd nfhbNaw;wk; Mf mike;jJ.

Aj;j Kbtpy; ntw;wp ngw;w el;G ehLfs; Nghy;f;fd; gpuNjrj;ij $WNghl Kide;jd. mjw;fhf mT];Nwh - `q;Nfup NguuR (Austro-Hungarian Empire) Jz;lhlg;gl;lJ. 1918 ,y; NrHgpaH> FNuhrpaH> gy;N;fupad;];> my;Ngdpad;];> krpNlhdpad;]; xd;whf ,ize;J NrHgpaHfspd; ,uhr;rpak; (Kingdom of Serbs) vd;w muir cUthf;fpdhHfs;. gpd;dH 1929 Mk; Mz;L mJ A+Nfhrpyhtpah vd;W ngaH khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. A+Nfhrpyhtpah vd;why; njd; ];yht; muR (South Slav state) vd;W nghUs; gLk;.

1934 Mk; Mz;L A+Nfhrpyhtpah kd;dH mnyf;rhe;jH krpNlhdpah Gul;rpthjpfshy; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhH. ,ijj; njhlHe;J Nghy;f;fd; ehLfspy; Gul;rp ,af;fq;fs;> Njrpa ,af;fq;fs; jiyJhf;fpd.

,uz;lhtJ cyf Aj;jj;jpd;NghJ ehrp n[Hkdp ma;Nuhg;gpa ehLfs; kPJ gilnaLj;J mtw;iw Mf;fpukpj;jNghJ A+Nfhrpyhtpah ,df; FOf;fsplk; gpsT Vw;gl;lJ. ghjpg; NgH n[Hkdpaiu tpLtpg;ghsH (Liberators) vdf; $wp tho;j;jp tuNtw;wdH. kPjpg; NgH ehrp n[Hkdpia vjpHj;jdH.

n[Hkdpapd; Mf;fpukpg;ig vjpHj;J ,uz;L nfupy;yh ,af;fq;fs; Nghupl;ld. mjpy; xd;W khH\y; Nahrpg; Gw]; upl;Nuh (Josip Broz Tito) jiyikapy; Nrhtpaj; ehl;bd; MjuNthL Nghupl;lJ.

1943 Mk; Mz;L kd;duhl;rp xopf;fg;gl;L upl;Nuh jiyikapy; NrHgpah> FNuhrpah> ];Nyhtpdh> ngh];dpah n`H];nfhtpdh> krpNlhdpah> nkhd;nuePf;Nwh FbauRfs; mlq;fpa rkTlik A+Nfhrpyhtpa ,izg;Gf; FbauR (Yugolovia Federal Socialist Republic ) gpufldg; gLj;jg;gl;lJ. rdhjpgjp upl;Nuh fyg;G ,dj;jtH. ,e;jf; Fbaurpy; NrHgpaHfNs ngUk;ghd;ik ,dj;jtuhf tpsq;fpdhHfs;.

1974 Mk; Mz;by; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l Gjpa murpay; ahg;G FNuhrpaH> ];NyhtpdpaHfs;> K];ypk;fs; kw;Wk; my;NgdpaHfsJ Njrpa czHitAk; gpuptpid czHitAk; mjpfupf;f topNfhypaJ. 

1980 ,y; mjpgH upl;Nuh fhykhdhH. mtuJ kiwNthL ,Uk;Gg; gpbf;Fs; mtH itj;jpUe;j A+Nfhrpyhtpah FbauR rpjw Muk;gpj;jJ.

NrHgpahtpy; tho;e;j my;Ngdpa rpWghd;ikapdH jq;fSf;F A+Nfhrpyhtpah Fbaurpd; fPo; jd;dhl;rp Ntz;Lk; vd;W typAWj;jpg; NghuhbdhHfs;.

1889 ,y; ngHypd; RtH ,bf;fg;gl;lJ. mLj;j Mz;L (1990) Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; cUf; Fiye;jJ. 1991 bnrk;gH 8 ,y; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; 74 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH murKiwahff; fiyf;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;F <lhf 12 Rje;jpu ehLfspd; nghJey mikg;G cUthfpaJ.

,tw;why; A+Nfhrpyhtpahtpd; murpay; xUikg;ghL <lhbg; NghdJ. A+Nfhrpyhtpahtpy; cWg;Gupik tfpj;j FNuhrpahTk; ];NyhNtdpahTk; KiwNa A+d; 25> 1991 ,y; Rje;jpug; gpufldk; nra;Jtpl;Lj; jdp ehLfshfg; gpupe;jd. ,e;j ,uz;L ehLfisAk; ma;f;fpa .ehLfs; mit 1992 rdtupapy; Gjpa ehLfshf mq;fPfupj;jJ.

1991 Mk; Mz;L nehntk;gH khjk; krpNlhdpah Rje;jpug; gpufldk; nra;jJ. rz;il ,y;yhky; mikjp top A+Nfhrpyhtpahtpy; ,Ue;J gpupe;j xNu ehL krpNlhdpahjhd;.

,jidj; njhlHe;J ngh];dpah 1992 ngg;utup khjj;jpy; jd;idr; Rje;jpuehlhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jpaJ. mNj Mz;L Vg;upy; khjj;jpy; mjw;F ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapd; mq;fPfuhuk; fpilj;jJ. mNj rkak; A+Nfhrpyhtpah (vQ;rpa) ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;lJ.

,d;W  NrHgpah - nkhd;nuePf;Nwh ,uz;Lk; kl;LNk gioa A+Nfhrpyhtpah Fbaurpy; vQ;rp ,Uf;Fk; ehLfs; MFk;.

kpf tpiutpy; nfhnrhNthTk; Rje;jpu ehlhfj; Njhw;wk; ngw;WtpLk; vd;gjpy; ve;jtpj ma;aKk; ,y;iy.

ehLfs; cs;ehl;L tptfhuk;> ,iwik> gpuNjrf; xUikg;ghL> ,iwik vd;w NtypfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; xspe;J nfhz;L ,dg; gLnfhiy elhj;j KbahJ. mjid cyf ehLfs; (mnkupf;fh cl;gl ) mDkjpf;ftpy;iy.

Rz;ilf;fha; ehLfs; $l Rje;jpu ehLfshfj; Njhw;wk; nfhs;syhk;! mtw;wpd; cUtj;Jf;Fk; Rje;jpuj;jpw;Fk; njhlHG ,y;iy.  

,d;W cyfj;jpy; rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dq;fisr; rhHe;j 80 Nfhb kf;fs; jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;Jf;Fk; tpLjiyf;Fk; NghuhbtUfpwhHfs;.

Gyk;> tuyhW> nkhop> gz;ghL ,tw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; Njrpa ,dq;fshff; fzpf;fg;gLk; xt;nthU ,dj;Jf;Fk; jd;dhl;rp cupik toq;fg;glNtz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;tjd; %yNk epue;ju cyf rkhjhdj;ij cUthf;fyhk;.

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mit Njhw;wk; ngw;wNghJ mjpy; cWg;Gupik tfpj;j ehLfspd; vz;zpf;if ntWkNd 51 kl;LNk. ,d;W mjd; vz;zpf;if 191 MFk;.  fle;j 12 Mz;Lfspy; (1990-2002) ma;ad;dh  mitapd; cWg;gpdH njhif 159 ,y; ,Ue;J 191 Mf caHe;Js;sJ.

ehLfspd; njhif $bajhy; thdk; ,be;J tpOe;Jtpl tpy;iy. my;yJ G+kp gpse;J tpltpy;iy. khwhf ehLfspd; mjpfupg;G cyf mikjpf;F topNfhypAs;sJ.

ma;f;fpa ehLfs; mitapy; jkpoPoj;ijtplg; gug;gstpYk; kf;fs; njhifapYk; Fiwe;j 38 ehLfs; cWg;Gupik tfpf;fpd;wd.

,e;j tuyhw;W cz;ikfis rpq;fs murpay;thjpfSk; rpq;fs murpay; fl;rpfSk; nrupj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; ,dr; rpf;fYf;Ff; FUjp rpe;jhJ mikjpahd topapy; jPHT fhz KbAk;. (cyfj;jkpoH - khHr;R 10> 2006)

 


 

cs;ehl;Lg; NghUf;Fj; jahuhFk; ,uhf; 

ef;fPud;

,d;iwa ,uhf;  gz;ila fhyj;jpy; jiyrpwe;j xU ehfupfj;jpd; njhl;by; Mf tpsq;fpaJ. 

iufpwp]; kw;Wk; Agpul;b]; (Tigris and Euphrates) MWfs; XLk; md;iwa nknrhg;nghl;lhkpah (Mesopotamia) vfpg;J> fpNuf;fk;> cNuhk; ehLfs; ehfupfk; milAKd;dNu (fpK 4>000) ehfupfj;jpd; cr;rj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ.  

nknrhg;nghl;lhkpahtpy;  tho;e;j RNkupaHfs; vOj;ijf; fz;L gpbj;J tzpfj; juTfis fspkz;zpy; gjpj;J itj;jhHfs;. fpK 3>000 Mz;lstpy; KO mstpyhd neLq;fzf;if gad;gLj;jj; njhlq;fptpl;lhHfs;.  

iufpwp]; kw;Wk; Agpul;b]; MWfspd; ePiug; gad;gLj;jp Ntshz;ik nra;jhHfs;. cyf tuyhw;wpy; RNkupaHfNs jq;fsJ Njitf;F mjpfkhd cgup czit Kjd; Kjy; cw;gj;jp nra;jtHfs; vd;w ngUikf;F cupatHfs;.  

,d;iwa ,uhf; ehl;by; FUjp MW XLfpwJ. fle;j 2003 Mz;L khHr;R khjj;jpy; mnkupf;fhTk; gpupj;jhdpahTk; ,uhf; kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l Mf;fpukpg;Gg; NghH fhuzkhf 30>000 100>000 nghJkf;fs; mepahakhf ,we;J gl;bUf;fpwhHfs;.  

,Jfhy tiuapy;; mnkupf;f Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gilfSf;F vjpuhd nfupyhj; jhf;Fjy;fis xUtUf;F xUtH njhlHgpy;yhj %d;W gpuptpdH elhj;jp te;jhHfs;.  

    (1) rjhk; FNrdpd; MjuthsHfs;. 

    (2) mnkupf;f gilapdiu ek;gpf;if <dHfs; vdf; fUJk; ,];yhkpa mbg;gil thjpfs;. 

    (3) ,uhf;fpd; tpLjiyf;fhfg; NghuhLk; ,uhf;fpa Njrpathjpfs;. 

,g;NghJ ,uhf;fpa Rd;dp kjg; gpuptpdUk; rpah kjg; gpuptpdUk; fLikahf xUtiu xUtH jhf;fp capHg; gyp vLj;J tUfpwhHfs;.  

fle;j ngg;utup khjk; 22 Mk; ehs; gf;jhj;Jf;F tlf;Nf 100 fpkP njhiytpy; cs;s rkhuh efupy; ,Ue;j nghd;k#jp Rd;dpfshy; Fz;L itj;Jj; jfHfg;gl;lJ. mjid mLj;J Rd;dp-rpah kjg;gpuptpdupilNa ,lk;ngw;W tUk; Nkhjy;fspy; ,Jtiu 500 Fk; mjpfkhdtHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.  

gf;jhj;jpy; New;W (khHr;R 02) ele;j jhf;Fjy;fspy; 38 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. Rd;dp kjg; gpuptpdupd; ehlhSkd;wf; FOj; jiytH ml;dd; - my; - Jyha;kp gazk; nra;j tz;b kPJ Nkw;nfhz;l jhf;Fjypy;  mtH kapupioapy; capH jg;gp ,Uf;fpwhH.

Rd;dp rpah kjg; gpuptpdUf;F ,ilapy; eilngWk; jhf;Fjy; - vjpHj;jhf;Fjy; ,uhf;if xU KO mstpyhd cs;ehl;Lg; NghUf;Fj; js;sptplf; $ba mghaj;ijj; Njhw;Wtpj;Js;sJ.  

rjhk; FNrapd; Ml;rpapy; mikjpg; G+q;fhthf ,Ue;j ,uhf; ,d;W mksp Jkspg; gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. mnkupf;fhtpd; gaq;futhjj;Jf;F vjpuhd gaq;futhjk; mjw;F Kf;fpa fhuzpahFk;.  

nghJ vjpupahd mnkupf;fhTf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhl Ntz;ba ,uhf; kf;fs; vjw;fhf jq;fSf;Fs; Kl;b Nkhjpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.

Vida kjq;fisg; NghyNt ,];yhk; kjj;jpYk; rpah Rd;dp vd ,uz;L gpupTfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,uhf;fpd; kf;fs; njhifapy; 60 tpOf;fhl;bdH rpah> 35 tpOf;fhl;bdH Rd;dp kjg; gpuptpdH MthH.  

Mdhy; fle;j xU Ehw;whz;Lf;F Nkyhfr;  rpWghd;ik Rd;dp kjg;gpuptpdNu Ml;rp mjpfhuj;ijj; jq;fs; iff;Fs; itj;jpUe;jhHfs;. ,uhf;fpd; Kd;dhs; rdhjpgjp rjhk; FNrd; Rd;dp kjg; gpupitr; NrHe;jtH MthH. 

rpah- rd;dp ,U gpuptpdUk; KfkJ egpfs; ehafj;ij ,iw JhjuhfTk; FHuhid ,iwEhyhfTk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs;. ,Ue;Jk; ,uhf; ehl;by; kl;Lky;y Vida ehLfspYk;  rpah- Rd;dp Nkhjy;fs; mbf;fb Vw;gl;L tUfpd;wd.

rpah Rd;dp ,U kjg;gpuptpdUk; ,];yuhk; kjj;jpd; mbg;gilf; Nfhl;ghLfis (Five Pillars) Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. mitahtd

    (1)    my;yhit tpl NtW flTs; ,y;iy.  KfkJ egpfNs my;yhtpd;  filrp ,iw JhjH MthH.

    (2)    xU ehspy; Ie;J Kiw nkf;fhit Nehf;fp njhOjy; Ntz;Lk;.

    (3)    ,uhkjhd; khjj;jpy; Nehd;G mDl;bf;f Ntz;Lk;.

    (4)    tUthapy; 2.5 tpOf;fhL jHkj;Jf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

   (5)    cly;;eyk; cs;stHfs; tho;f;ifapy; xUKiwNaDk; nkf;fhtpw;F ahj;jpiu nra;a Ntz;Lk;. 

rpah kjg;gpuptpdupd; nghd;k#jp Rd;dpfshy; jhf;fg;gl;lij mLj;J 90 Rd;dp k#jpfs; rpah kjg; gpuptpduhy; jhf;fpr; Nrjg;gLj;jg; gl;Ls;sd.

nghd;;k#jpapy; KfkJ egpfspd; thupRfshd ,Uz;L ,khk;fs; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. mJ kl;Lky;y ,e;j k#jpf;F mUfpNyNa 12 rpah ,khk;fspd; filrp ,khkhd KfkJ my; khb fhzhky; Nghdjhf rpah kjg;gpuptpdH ek;GfpwhHfs;. ,e;j my; khb m];fhupa k#jpapy; Gijf;fg;gl;Ls;s .,uz;L ,khk;fspd; kfd; - Ngud; MthH. rpahf;fs; my; khb kiwj;J itf;fg;gl;Ls;shH mtH ntspte;J cyfpy; ePjpia epiyehl;LthH vd;W ek;GfpwhHfs;.

,khk; my; khb gw;wpr; Rd;dpfsJ fUj;jpay; NtWtpjkhdJ. mtHfs; khbfs; EhW Mz;LfSf;F xU Kiw gpwe;J jq;fisg; giftHfsplk; ,Ue;J fhg;ghw;WthHfs; vd ek;GfpwhHfs;. NtW rpyH K];ypk; cyfk; Kw;Wiff;F cl;gLk; vd;Wk; mg;NghJ NaRehjH Njhd;WthH vd;Wk; ek;GfpwhHfs;.

gy  Ehw;whz;L fhykhf ,lk;ngw;W tUk; rpah-Rd;dp Nkhjy;fSf;F ,e;j my; khb fhzhky; NghdJk; xU VJthFk;.

,e;j ,uz;L kjg; gpuptpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s kpjthjpfs; xUtiu xUtH mDrupj;Jg; NghdhYk; fLk; Nghf;fhsH mt;tg;NghJ jq;fSf;Fs; fLikahfr; rz;ilapl;Lf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. rTjp mNugpa ehl;L thfhgp]; kw;Wk; ryhgp]; Nghd;w Rd;dp fLk; Nghf;fhsHfs; rpah kjg; gpuptpdiu kjtpNuhjpfs; vd epidf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd rpah gpuptpdH kf;fhtpw;F f[; ahj;jpiu Nkw;nfhs;tij rTjp mNugpah mDkjpf;fpwJ.  

rpah- Rd;dp Nkhjy; 7 Mk; Ehw;whz;L njhlq;fp ,lk;ngw;W tUfpwJ. KfkJ egpfs; ,we;j NghNj ,e;j Nkhjy; njhlq;fp tpl;lJ. rpyH KfkJ egpfspd; kUkfd; myp Ml;rpf;F tu Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhHfs;. Mdhy; ngUk;ghd;ikapdH KfkJ egpfspd; Mg;j ez;gH mG+gf;fH Ml;rpf;F tuNtz;Lk; vd;W thjpl;lhHfs;. mGgf;fUf;Fg; gpd;dH myp  4 MtJ fypt; Mfg; gjtpf;F te;jhH.

mypapd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; rpupahit Mz;l MSeH narpj; (MSeH Ktpahtpd; kfd;)  fypt; mypNahL Kuz;gl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. narpj;NjhL Ngrp xU ,zf;fj;Jf;F tu mypapd; kfd; FNrd; (KfkJ egpapd; Ngud;) jiyikapy; xU FO rpupah nrd;wJ. Mdhy; epuhAjghzpfshd FNrdpd; FO fHghyh efupy; (,uhf;) ,utpy; Kfhkpl;L ,Ue;j NghJ mtHfs; kPJ jhf;Fjy; Nkw;nfhs;sg; gl;lJ. mjpy;  FNrd; cl;gl gyH nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. xU rpyNu FNrdpd; kfdNdhL capHjg;gp kf;fh jpUk;gpdH. ,tHfNs jq;fisr; rpah vd;W $wpf; nfhz;ldH.

KfkJ egpfspd; jiyKiw fpgp 873 ,y; KbTf;F te;jJ.

my; kfhb 4 tajpy; ,khk; Mf gjtp Vw;wNghJ kiwe;j NghdhH. Mdhy; rpah gpuptpdH mtH ,wf;ftpy;iy vq;Nfh kiwj;Jitf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwhH xU ehs; jpUk;gp tUthH vd;W ek;gpdhHfs;.

gy Ehw;whz;L fhykhf my; khjp jpUk;gp tuhjjhy; rpahg; gpupitr; NrHe;j 12 cyhkhf;fs; $b xU jiyik ,khikj; jq;fs; Md;kPfj; jiytuhfj; njupT nra;jhHfs;.

,d;W ,uhdpy; Md;kPfj; jiytuhf ,Uf;Fk; maj;njhy;yh nfhNkdp (Ayyatollah Khomeni) mt;thW njupT nra;ag;ltH MthH.  ,tuJ glk; rpah kjg; gpuptpdupd; tPLfspy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. fj;Njhypf;f kjj;jpdUf;Fg; Nghg;ghz;ltH vg;gbNah mg;gbNa rpah kjg;gpuptpdUf;F maj;njhy;yh tpsq;FfpwhH. mtH gpiotpl KbahjtH vd;Wk; rkak; gw;wpa mtuJ jPHg;Ng ,WjpahdJ vd rpah kjg;gpuptpdH ek;GfpwhHfs;. cyfpy;  ,uhd; kl;LNk rpah kjg;gpuptpdH ngUk;ghd;ikahf thOk; ehlhf tpsq;FfpwJ. rpah kjg;gpuptpdH mypiag; ngupJk; Nghw;wpf; nfhz;lhLfpwhHfs;. 

rpah kjg;gpuptpdNuhL xg;gpLk; NghJ Rd;dp kjg; gpuptpdH Gwl;l];jhd; kjg; gpupitg; Nghd;wJ. mtHfSf;F kjj; jiytHfs; fpilahJ.

,uhf;fpy; rpah Rd;dp kjg;gpuptpdH ,ilNa ,lk;ngw;W tUk; fLk; Nkhjy;fSf;F mnkupf;f gilnaLg;Ng fhuzkhFk;. rjhk; FNrd; Ml;rpapd; NghJ mg;gbahd Nkhjy;fs; ,lk; ngw;wJ fpilahJ.

nghd;k#jpiaj; jhf;fpatHfs; my; nfaplh jPtputhjpfs; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; mtHfis topelj;JgtHfs; vd;W ek;gg;gLk; xrkh gpd; Nyld; Rd;dpfs; rpah kjj;jtiuj; jhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ljhfj; njupatpy;iy.  

nghd;k#jp jhf;fg;gl;ljw;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,];NuYk; mnkupf;fh jiyikapyhd me;epa ehl;Lg; gilfSk; fhuzk; vd ,uhd; ehl;L Md;kPfj; jiytH maj;njhy;yh nfhNkdp Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;shH.

mnkupf;f ,uhZt fy;Yhupapd; rhHgpy; gaq;futhjj;ij fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; ikak; ntspapl;Ls;s mwpf;if xd;W rpah- Rd;dp kjg; gpuptpdupilNa kj NtWghl;il tpijj;J kjf; Nfhl;ghl;L Nkhjiy tsHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd mnkupf;fhitf; Nfl;Ls;sJ.

,];yhk; Vida kjq;fs; Nghyy;yhJ kpfTk; fl;Lf; Nfhg;ghd kjkhFk;. ,];yhk; kjj;jpy; muR NtW gs;spthry; NtW vd;w gpupT fpilahJ. nghJthf nts;spf;fpoikj; njhOif;Fg; gpd;dNu K];ypk;fspd; MHg;ghl;lq;fs; ,lk; ngWfpd;wd.

kJ mUe;jy;> Gifj;jy; K];ypk;fSf;F Kw;whfj; jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

,];yhkpaupd; kjEhyhd FHuhd; my;yhthy; fgpupay; vd;w NjtJhjH %yk; KfkJ egpf;F Xjg;gl;lJ vd;gJ ek;gpf;ifahFk;. FHuhd; vOj;JU ngw;wgpd;dH mjpy; xU fhy;Gs;sp $l khw;wg;gltpy;iy!

k#jpfspy; topghL muG nkhopapNyNa eil ngWfpwJ. mjw;fhf K];ypk; gps;isfSf;F muG nkhop ,stajpy; ngw;NwhHfshy; fw;gpj;Jf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ. ve;j ,dj;jtuhf ,Ue;jhYk; K];ypk; kjj;jtH muG nkhopg; ngaHfis itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ fl;lhakhFk;.

FHuhdpy; cyfk;> capH> flTs; ,tw;Wf;F ,ilapyhd cwTfs; gw;wpr; rpf;fyhd  jj;Jtq;fs; Ngrg;gltpy;iy. ,];yhk; kpfTk; vspikahd kjkhFk;.

,uhf;> nygdd;> ghfp];jhd; Nghd;w ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; eilngWk; kjk;rhHe;j Nkhjy;fs; ,];yhk; kjj;jpw;Ff; nfl;l ngaiu thq;fpf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. ,];yhk; kjk; td;Kiwia tsHf;fpw my;yJ Cf;Ftpf;fpw jPtputhj kjk; vd;w gbkk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.

nld;khHf; ehl;L nra;jp ,js;fspy; KfkJ egpfis xU gaq;futhjp Nghd;W rpj;jupj;J vOjg;gl;l Nfypr;rpj;jpuq;fSf;F vjpuhfj; jPtputhj K];ypk;fs; gy ehLfspy; elj;jpa vjpHg;G MHg;ghl;lq;fs; jP itg;G> nfhiy Nghd;w td;Kiwapy; Kbe;jd. fUj;Jr; Rje;jpuk; vd;w ngaupy; xU kjj; jiytiu gaq;futhjpfahfr; rpj;jupj;J me;j kjj;ijr; rhHe;jtHfspd; kdijg; Gz;gLj;Jaij ahUk; vw;Wf; nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;. mNj rkak; me;jf; Nfypr;rpj;;jpuk; tiue;j rpj;jpuf;fhuuJ jiyf;F 10 ,yl;rk; tpiy NgRtijAk; ahUk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;.

ey;yfhykhf K];ypk; jPtputhjj;Jf;F vjpuhf K];ypk; mwpQHfs; fy;tpkhd;fs;  Fuy; nfhLf;fj;; njhlq;fpAs;shHfs;. 

“ghrprk;> ehrprk; kw;Wk; ];lhypdprk; Mfpatw;Wf;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itj;j gpd;dH cyfk; ,g;NghJ Gjpjhf ,];yhkprk; vd;w rHthjpfhuj;ij vjpHNehf;FfpwJ.  

vOj;jhsHfs;> nra;jpahsHfs;> mwptpg;gpiog;ghsHfs; Mfpa ehq;fs; kj rHthjpfhuj;Jf;F vjpuhfTk; Rje;jpuk;> rktha;g;G> kjrhHgpd;ik Nghd;w tpOkpaq;fSf;F MjuthfTk; Fuy; nfhLf;FkhW midtiuAk; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpNwhk;.  

jPtpu,];yhk; vd;gJ gpw;Nghf;Ff; Nfhl;ghlhFk;. mJ rkj;Jtk;> Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; kjrhHgpd;ikiaf; nfhy;fpwJ. mjd; ntw;wp cyf Nkyhz;ik> ngz;fs; kPjhd  Nkyhz;ik> jPtpu,];yhkpd; Nkyhz;ik Mfpatw;Wf;F toptFf;Fk;.  

ehq;fs; vy;yhf; fz;lq;fspYk; vz;zr; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhf Fuy; nfhLf;f tpUk;GfpNwhk;. ehq;fs; ,];yhkpa tpNuhjpfs; vdf; Fw;wk;rhl;lg;gLNthk; vd;w gaj;jpy; vjidAk; EZfp Muha;e;J ghHg;gijf; iftpl;L xJq;f ehk; jahupy;iy. 

,e;j mwpf;ifapy; 6 mwpQHfs; ifnaOj;jpl;Ls;shHfs;. mtHfspy; rhj;jhdpd; ghly;fs; (Satanic Verses) vOjpa ry;khd; U\;b> ngz;zpathjp j];ypkh e];wPd; mlq;FtH.  

vy;yh kjq;fSk; md;G> mwd;> mUs; Nghd;w kdpj tpOkpaq;fisg; Nghjpj;jhYk; eilKiwapy; mtw;iwf; fhz;gJ mupjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mjw;F mjpf Jhuk; Nghf Ntz;bajpy;iy. vy;yh capHfsplj;Jk; md;G fhl;l Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nghjpj;j Gj;jupd; kQ;rs; mq;fp mzpe;j rPlHfs; =yq;fhtpy; NghHg;giw nfhl;Ltijg; ghHj;jhNy njupe;JtpLk;. (cyfj;jkpoH - khHr;R 03> 2006)