jkpo;j;Njrpag; ghtyu; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; (10.03.1933 - 11.06.1995)

 

Kidtu; K.,sq;Nfhtd;

 

,Ugjhk; E}w;whz;bd; jkpo;g; ghtyu;fSs; ghtyNuW ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f ngUikf;Fupatu;. jdpj;jkpo;j; je;ij kiwkiyabfshu; nkhopQhapW ghthzu; MfpNahupd; nfhs;if fw;wtu;fsplKk;> kw;wtu;fsplKk; gutg; ngUq;fhuzkhf tpsq;fpatu;. gd;Kf MSikiaf; nfhz;l ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; tho;f;ifiaAk; mtu;jk; ghl;Lj;Jiwg; gq;fspg;igAk; ,q;Fj; njhFj;J Nehf;FNthk;.  

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; ngUikkpF tho;f;if

 

ghtyNuW vdTk;> ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; vdTk; jkpo; czu;thsu;fshy; Nghw;wp kjpf;fg;gLk; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; 10-03-1933,y; gpwe;jtu;. ,tu;jk; ngw;Nwhu; Jiurhkpahu;> FQ;rk;khs; Mtu;. ,tu;fSf;Fr; nrhe;j Cu; Nryk; khtl;lk; rKj;jpuk; vd;gjhFk;. ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; ,aw;ngau; ,uhrkhzpf;fk; vd;gjhFk;. ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; jk; je;ijahu; ngaupd; Kd;ndhl;il ,izj;J Jiu-khzpf;fk; vdj; njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; miof;fg;ngw;wtu;.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; njhlf;ff; fy;tp Nryj;jpYk; Mj;J}upYk; mike;jJ. ,tUf;F cau;epiyg;gs;spapy; Nryk; eNlrdhUk;> jkpo; kwtu; nghd;dk;gydhUk; Mrpupau;fshf tpsq;fpj; jkpowpTk; jkpo;czu;Tk; Gfl;bdu;.ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; gs;spapy; gapYk; fhyj;jpy; jkpo; <Lghl;Lld; fw;wtu;. "Foe;ij' vd;Dk; ngaupy; ifaaOj;J VL njhlq;fp khztu; gUtj;jpy; elj;jpatu;. gpd;G mUzkzp vd;Dk; Gidngaupy; "kyu;f;fhL' vd;Dk; ifnaOj;J Vl;bid elj;jpdhu;. ky;ypif> G+f;fhup vd;Dk; ghtpaq;fisg; gs;spg;gUtj;jpy; ,aw;wpa ngUikf;Fupatu;.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; 1950 ,y; gs;spg;gbg;ig epiwT nra;j gpd;du;r; Nryk; efuhl;rpf; fy;Y}upapy; gapd;whu;. ghthzu; mq;Fg; gzpGupe;jnghOJ mtu;jk; khztuhf tpsq;fpj; jkpowpT ngw;whu;. ,sikapy; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhUf;F cyf Copadhu;> fhkhl;rp Fkhurhkp Kjyhdtu;fSk; Mrpupau; ngUkf;fshf tpsq;fpdu;.

 

fy;Y}upapy; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; gapYk; fhyj;jpy; ghNte;ju; ghly;fspy; kpFe;j <Lghl;Lld; tpsq;fpdhu;. vdNt jhk; ,aw;wpa ky;ypif> G+f;fhup vd;Dk; ,U ghtpaq;fisAk; vLj;Jf;nfhz;L ghNte;jiur; re;jpf;f GJr;Nrup nrd;whu;. Mdhy; ghNte;ju; me;E}y;fisg; ghu;f;f mf;fhyj;jpy; kWj;Jtpl;lijAk; gpd;du; xU E}iyf; nfha;ahf;fdp vDk; ngaupy; mtNu mtu; jk; mr;rfj;jpy; mr;rpl;Lj; je;jijAk; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; Fwpg;gpLtJz;L.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; fy;Y}upapy; gapYk; NghJ fkyk; vd;Dk; ngz;izj; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;lhu;. mg; ngz;Nz jhkiu mk;ikahuhf ,d;W kjpf;fg;gLk; mk;ikahu; mtu;fs;.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; GJitapy; mQ;ry; Jiwapy; Kjd;Kjypy; gzpapy; ,ize;jhu;. Ie;J Mz;Lfs; GJitapy; tho;f;if mike;jJ. mf;fhyj;jpy; ghNte;jUld; neUq;fpaj; njhlu;G Vw;gl;lJ. 1959,y; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhUf;Fg; gzpkhw;wy; fpilj;Jf; flY}Uf;F khw;wg;gl;lhu;. ,r;R+oypy; ghthzu; mtu;fs; mz;zhkiyg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; mfu Kjypj; Jiwapy; gzpNaw;whu;. ghthzu; tpUg;gg;gb njd;nkhop vd;Dk; ngaupy; ,jio 1959 ,y; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; njhlq;fp elj;jpdhu;. muRg; gzpapy; ,Ue;jjhy; jd; ,aw;ngauhd Jiu-khzpf;fk; vd;gij tpLj;Jg; ngUQ;rpj;jpud; vd;Dk; Gidngaupy; vOjpdhu;. njd;nkhopapd; njhlf;f Vl;by; rpwg;ghrpupau; ghthzu; vdTk; nghWg;ghrpupau; ngUQ;rpj;jpud; vdTk; ngau;fs; jhq;fp ,jo; ntspahdJ.

 

njd;nkhopapd; 16 ,jo;fs; ntspte;j R+oypy; nghUs; Kl;Lg;ghl;lhy; ,jo; ,ilapy; epd;wJ. gpd;G fUj;Jr; nrwpTlDk; GJg;nghypTlDk; kPz;Lk; te;J fy;Y}up khztu;fs; jkpohrpupau;fshy; tpUk;gpg; gbf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

jkpo;g;gw;Wk; jkpo; czu;Tk; nfhz;L jk; ghl;L Mw;wyhy; ,jio elj;jpa ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; mf;fhyj;jpy; Rlu; tpl;L vOe;j ,e;jp vjpu;g;Gg; Nghupy; jk; ciuahYk; ghl;lhYk; ngUk; gq;fhw;wpdhu;. ,e;jp vjpu;g;Gg; Nghupy; ,tu;jk; njd;nkhop ,jopw;Fg; ngUk;gq;Fz;L. jk; ,af;fg;gzpfSf;F muRg;gzp jilahf ,Ug;gjhYk; KONeuk; nkhopg;gzpahw;wTk; epidj;J muRg;gzpia cjwpdhu;. ,tu; vOjpa ghly;fs; ,e;jp vjpu;g;G czu;itj; J}z;Ltjhf murhy; Fw;wk; rhw;wg;ngw;wJ. ,tUf;F ,jdhy; rpiwj; jz;lid fpilj;jJ. NtY}u; rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;lhu;. rpiwapy; ,Ue;jNghJ ma;iaia vd;Dk; jdpj;jkpo;g; ghtpaj;jpd; Kjy; njhFjpia vOjpdhu;.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; rpiwapy; ,Ue;J ntspte;j gpwF khztu;fs; gbj;Jg; gad;ngWk; tz;zk; jkpo;r;rpl;L vd;Dk; ,jioj; njhlq;fpdhu;. ,t;tpjopy; gs;spfspy; gbf;Fk; khztu;fs; tpUk;Gk; tz;zk; ghl;LfisAk; fl;LiufisAk; tiue;jhu;. jk;ik xj;j ghtyu;fspd; gilg;GfisAk; ntspapl;L Cf;fg;gLj;jpdhu;.

 

ghthzupd; cyfj;jkpo;f;fofk; Njhw;wk; ngw;wnghOJ mjpy; ,ize;J gzpGupe;jtu;. mJNghy; ghthzu; mfuKjyp njhFg;gjw;Fg; nghUSjtp nra;Ak; jpl;lj;ijj; njhlq;fp cjtpatu;. njd;nkhopg; gzpia KONeug; gzpahf mikj;Jf;nfhz;l gpwF 1972,y; jpUr;rpapy; njd;nkhop nfhs;ifr; nraw;ghl;L khehL xd;iw elj;jpdhu;. 1973,y; njd;nkhop nfhs;ifr; nraw;ghl;L khehL kJiuapy; elj;j Kaw;rp nra;jNghJ rpiw nra;ag;gl;lhu;. ,f;fhyf;fl;lq;fspy; jkpo; czu;Tld; ghly; tiue;j cau;nray; epidj;Jg; ghthzu; mtu;fs; "ghtyNuW' vd;Dk; rpwg;Gg; ngaiur; R+l;b kfpo;e;jhu;.

 

jkpofk; KOtJk; njd;nkhop ,jo; topahfTk; nghJ Nkilfs; topahfTk; jdpj;jkpo; czu;itg; gug;gpa ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; tpidg;ghL cyfk; KOtJk; gutpaJ. vdNt kNyrpah> rpq;fg;G+u; Kjyhd ehLfspy; tho;e;j jkpo; kf;fspd; miog;gpid Vw;W 1974 ,y; rpq;if kiyafr; nre;jkpo;r; nryit Nkw;nfhz;lhu;. ,r;Rw;Wr; nrytpw;Fg; gpd; flY}upy; ,Ue;J njd;nkhop mYtyfk; nrd;idf;F khwpaJ. jpU. nr. gd;dPu;r;nry;tk; mtu;fs; njd;nkhop tsu;r;rpapYk; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; FLk;g tsu;r;rpapYk; ngUk; Jizahf epd;whu;. mJNghy; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; ,jo; ntspaPl;Lg; gzpfspy; njhlf;f fhyq;fspy; k.,. nydpd; jq;fg;gh> K. jkpo;f;Fbkfd; (rhj;ijah)> ghis vopNye;jp Kjyhd mwpQu; ngUkf;fs; Jizahf ,Ue;jdu;. mz;zhkiyg; gy;fiyf;fof khztu;fs; njd;nkhop Vl;bd; tsu;r;rpapy; ngUe;Jizahf ,Ue;jdu;.

 

,e;jpahtpy; neUf;fb epiy eilKiwf;F te;jNghJ ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; rpiwg;gl;lhu;. mg;NghJ ma;ia E}ypd; ,uz;lhk; gFjpia vOjp Kbj;jhu;. ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; gd;ndLq;fhykhf vOjpf; Ftpj;jpUe;j jkpo; czu;Tg; ghly;fs; Kjw;fl;lkhf Kiwahfj; njhFf;fg;gl;L fdpr;rhW vd;Dk; ngaupy; %d;W njhFjpfshf (1979) ntspte;jd.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; jk; ,jo;fspy; vOjpaNjhL mikahky; gFj;jwpT> njd;wy;> Ky;iy> thdk;ghb jkpo;ehL> nre;jkpo;r; nry;tp> tpLjiy> cupik Kof;fk;> NjdKjk;> rdehafk;> Fapy; Kjypa ,jo;fspy; vOjpatu;.  

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; ghl;Lj;jpwik KOtijAk; fhl;LtdthfTk;> nfhs;if czu;tpid ntspg;gLj;JtdthfTk; tpsq;Ftd ,tu;jk; fdpr;rhW E}yhFk;. ,e;E}ypd; %d;W njhFjpfSs;Sk; 1. jkpo;> 2. ,e;jp vjpu;g;Gk; ,d vOr;rpAk;> 3. ehl;Lupik> 4. nghJik czu;T> 5. ,isa jiyKiw> 6. fhjy;> 7. ,aw;if> 8. ,iwik> 9. nghJ vd;w mikg;gpy; ghly;fs; mike;Js;sd.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; ghly;fspy; jkpopd;kuGg;Gyik ntspg;gl;Lepw;Fk;.ahg;G MSikAk;> nrhy;yhl;rpAk; Ez;Nzhf;Fj; jpwDk;> ntspg;ghl;L El;gKk; tpaf;fitf;Fk;. fUj;Jj; njspTk;>czu;Nthl;lKk; fw;gtu; cs;sj;ijf; ftu;e;jpOf;Fk;. rpwpatu;>,isQu;> ngupatu; vd ahtu;f;Fk; cupa gy ghly;fis vOjpAs;shu;.jkpo;nkhopapd; rpwg;gpidAk; jkpOf;Fk; jkf;Fk; cs;s njhlu;gpidAk; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; rPupa ahg;gikg;gpy; ghbAs;shu;.  

 

"vd;nkhop> vd;dpdk;> vd;ehL eypifapy;

 

vjidAk; ngupnjd vz;z khl;Nld; - NtW

 

vtiuAk; Gfo;e;Jiu nrhy;y khl;Nld;! - tUk;

 

Gd;nkhop> gopAiu> Jd;gq;fs; ahitAk;

 

nghUl;nld kjpj;Jsk; nfhs;s khl;Nld;! - ,e;j(g;)

 

G+l;ifapy; Xub js;s khl;Nld;!'

 

vd;W jkpo;nkhopapd; tsu;r;rpiatpl> jdf;nfdj; jdpahd xU tsu;r;rp ,y;iy vd;W ghbatu; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu;.

 

1981 ,y; ghthzu; ,aw;if va;jpa epfo;T ngUQ;rpj;jpudhUf;F kpfg;ngupa ,og;ghf mike;jJ. nkhopg;gw;Wk; ,d czu;Tk; Cl;b tsu;j;j jk; Mrpupa ngUkfdhupd; kiwT Fwpj;Jg; ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; vOjpa fl;Liu fz;zPu; tur; nra;Ak; juj;jjhFk;.

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; 1981 ,y; cyfj; jkpopd Kd;Ndw;wf; fofk; vd;Dk; mikg;ig epWtpj; jkpofk; KOtJk; ,af;fk; fl;b vOg;gpdhu;. mjd; mLj;j Kaw;rpahf 1982 ,y; jkpo; epyk; vd;Dk; Vl;ilj; njhlq;fp elj;jpdhu;. 1983 - 84 Mk; Mz;by; Nkw;F cyf ehLfspy; ,tu;jk; Rw;Wr; nryT mike;jJ. 1985 ,y; kNyrpa ehl;bw;F ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahfg; gazk; nra;jhu;.

 

1988 ,y; nraYk; nray;jpwDk; vd;Dk; E}y; ntspte;jJ. nkhop> ,dk;> ehl;L czu;Tld; ghly;fs; Gide;J> ,jo;fs; elj;jp> NkilNjhWk; jkpo; Kof;fk; nra;J> ,af;fk; fl;likj;J cz;ikahfj; jkpOf;F tho;e;j ngUQ;rpj;jpudhu; 11.06.1995 ,y; ,aw;if va;jpdhu;. ,tu;jk; epiditg; Nghw;Wk; tz;zk; nrd;id Nklthf;fj;jpy; "ghtyNuW jkpo;f;fsk;' vd;Dk; epidtfk; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. jkpo;nkhop> jkpof tuyhw;wpy; msg;gUk; gzpfisr; nra;j ghtyNuW ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; tho;Tk;> gilg;GfSk;> ,jo;fSk; tpupthf Muhag;gl Ntz;LtdthFk;.

 

 

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhupd; E}y;fs; :

 

 

1. vz;Rit vz;gJ

 

2. ghtpaf; nfhj;J (,uz;L njhFjp)

 

3. Iia

 

4. nfha;ahf; fdp

 

5. fw;gid Cw;Wf; fl;Liufs;

 

6. gs;spg; gwitfs;

 

7. kfGFtQ;rp

 

8. fdpr;rhW (%d;W njhFjpfs;)

 

9. E}whrpupak;

 

10. jd;Dzu;T

 

11. ,sik czu;Tfs;

 

12. ghNte;ju; ghujpjhrd;

 

13. ,yf;fpaj; Jiwapy; jkpo; tsu;r;rpf;Fupa Mf;fg; gzpfs;

 

14. tho;tpay; Kg;gJ

 

15. Mupag; ghu;g;gdupd; mstpwe;j nfhl;lq;fs;

 

16. cyfpay; E}W

 

17. mWgUtj; jpUf;$j;J

 

18. rhjpj; jPikfSk; mij xopf;Fk; jpl;lKk;

 

19. ,dk; xd;Wgl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ vjw;F?

 

20. nraYk; nray;jpwDk;

 

21. jkpoPok;

 

22. X! X! jkpou;fNs

 

23. jdpj; jkpo; tsu;r;rp tuyhW

 

24. neUg;ghw;wpy; vjpu; ePr;ry;

 

25. ,sik tpbay;

 

26. ,l;l rhtk; Kl;baJ

 

27. ekf;Fs; ehk;....

 

 

Kidtu; K.,sq;Nfhtd;

 

GJr;Nrup>,e;jpah

 

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