Rje;jpu jkpoPoj;Jf;F fhy;Nfhs; ,l;l je;ij nry;tehafk;!

(ef;fPud;)

nky;ypa Mdhy; neLj;j  cUtk;. NeHf;NfhL tFj;J thupa jiy. rw;Wg;  ngupa fhJ. ftHr;rpfukhd Kfk;. re;jz epwk;. gl;L Ntl;b>

gl;Lr; rhy;it> gl;Lr; rl;il.  taJ Ik;gijj; jhz;btpl;lhYk;; ,sik Fd;whj Njhw;wk;. 

Ik;gJfspd;  Kw;gFjpapy; aho;g;ghz Kw;wntsp ikjhdj;jpy;  jkpouRf; fl;rp Nkilfspy; Njhd;wpa je;ij nry;thtpd; ,e;jf; fk;gPukhd  Njhw;wj;ijg; ,isa jiyKiwfs; ghHj;jpUf;f tha;g;gpy;iy.  

,sik Fd;wp KJik va;jp> eil  nkype;J>  NkilfspYk; rup> NeupYk; rup> xt;nthU nrhy;yhfj; jl;Lj; jLkhwp nky;ypa Fuypy; NgRk; je;ij nry;thitj;jhd; gyUf;Fj; njupAk;. gpw;fhyj;jpy; mtiug; gPbj;j ghHf;fpd;rd; tpahjp (Parkinsonís disease) je;ij nry;thtpd; cly; epiyiaAk;> epidthw;wiyAk;> rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwidAk; ntFthfg; ghjpj;jJ.   

,jdhy; NghYk; je;ij nry;tehafk>  je;ij ngupahiuj; jkpo;ehl;by; re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;lNghJ jd;idtpl taJ Fiwthf ,Ue;Jk; jd;idtpl %g;ghfj; njupfpwhH vd;W ngupahH nrhy;ypf; ftiyg; gl;lhH.  

je;ij nry;tehafk; kl;Lk; murpaYf;F te;jpuhtpl;lhy;> my;yJ 1948Mk; Mz;L md;iwa rpq;fs Ml;rpahsuhy; gj;J ,yl;rk; kiyehl;Lj; jkpoHfspd; FbAupikiag; gwpg;gjw;Ff; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l rl;lj;ij Mjupf;f KbT nra;j mfpy ,yq;ifj; jkpo; fhq;fpu]; jiytH jpU. [p.[.p nghd;dk;gyj;NjhL rkurk; nra;J nfhz;L NghapUe;jhy;> my;yJ  Kuz;gl;Lf; nfhz;L murpaYf;F xNuabahf KOf;Fg; Nghl;bUe;jhy; jkpoPo kf;fspd; murpay; Nghuhl;lk; jlk; Guz;bUf;Fk; vd;gjpy; ,Utpj fUj;J ,Uf;f KbahJ.

je;ij nry;tehafk; gpwe;jJ kNyrpahtpy;. gbj;jJ aho;g;ghzj;jpy;. njhopy; ghHj;jJ nfhOk;gpy;. kiwe;jJ nrhe;j Cuhd njy;ypg;gisapy;.

nfhOk;gpy; cs;s gpugy;akhd  St.Thomas   fy;Yhupapy; Mrpupauhfg; gzpahw;wj; njhlq;fpa  Gjpjpy;  je;ij nry;tehafk; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; tho;e;j mtuJ jhahH fLikahd RfaPdk; cw;wpUf;fpwhH vdf; Nfs;tpg;gl;L  cldbahfj; jhiag; Ngha;g; ghHf;f tpUk;gp tpLKiw Nfl;l NghJ mJ kWf;fg;gl;lJ. clNd me;j ,lj;jpNyNa tpyfy; fbjj;ij fy;Yhup mjpguplk; vOjpf; nfhLj;J tpl;L aho;g;ghzk; gazkhdhH. gpd;dH nfhOk;G jpUk;gpa mtH rl;lf; fy;Yhupapy; NrHe;J rl;lk; gbj;J  tof;fwpQH (Advocate) gl;lk; ngw;W ntspNawpdhH.   

je;ij nry;tehafk; ePz;l fhyk; kpfTk; Gfo;tha;e;j rptpy; tof;fwpQHfspy; xUtuhf tpsq;fpdhH. ePjp kd;wq;fspy;  tof;fwpQHfSf;Nf cupj;jhd  ge;jhNth gNlhglNkh ,d;wp jdJ fl;rpf;fhuH gf;fk; cs;s epahaq;fis RUf;fkhfTk;> mNj Neuj;jpy; Mzpj;jukhfTk; vLj;Jf;fhl;Lf;fNshL tof;Fiuj;J tof;Ffis vspjpy; ntd;WtpLk; Mw;wy; mtuplk; mgupkpjkhff; fhzg;gl;lJ.  ,jdhy; rf tof;fwpQHfs;  kl;Lk; my;yhJ ePjpgjpfSk; mtuplk; kpf;f kjpg;Gk; kupahijAk; itj;jpUe;jhHfs;.

Kg;gJfspy; mKYf;F te;j nlhdNkhH murpay;  jpl;lk; mJtiu fhyKk; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;Jte;j tFg;Gthupg; gpujpepj;Jt Kiwia xopj;J MSf;nfhU thf;F  vd;w mbg;gilapy; rl;lrigf;F NjHjy; %yk; gpujpepjpfisj; NjHe;njLf;Fk; Kiwia eilKiwg; gLj;jpaJ.  ,jdhy; jkpoupd; gpujpepj;Jtg; gyk; ngUksT Fiwe;jJ. mikr;ruitapYk; jkpoHfs; Xuq;fl;lg;gl;L Ehw;Wf;F EhW rpq;fstHfisf; nfhz;l mikr;ruit cUthfpaJ. 

1944 Mk; Mz;L jkpoHfsJ murpay; cupikfis ntd;nwLf;F Kfkhf mfpy ,yq;ifj; jkpo; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpia jpU. nghd;dk;gyk; Njhw;Wtpj;jhH.  ""jkpod; vd;W nrhy;ylh jiy epkpHe;J epy;ylh"" vd;gJ fhq;fpu]; rl;rpapd; murpay; Kof;fkhf ,Ue;jJ. 

,yq;iff;F Rje;jpuk; toq;Ftjw;F Kd;Ndhbahf gpupj;jhdpa murhy; mDg;gg;gl;l Nrhy;gup Mizaj;jpd; Kd; jkpoHfs; rhHghf Njhd;wp thjhba fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytH jpU.nghd;dk;gyk; rpWghd;ikr; r%fk; midj;Jf;Fk; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; rupghjp gpujpepj;jptk;  (Ik;gJf;F Ik;gJ) Ntz;Lnkd;W gjpdhW kzpj;jpahyq;fs; mofhd Mq;fpyj;jpy; thjpl;lhH. Mdhy; Nrhy;gup Mizak; me;jf; Nfhupf;ifia epuhfupj;jJ. 

1948Mk; Mz;L gj;J ,yl;rk; kiyafj; jkpoHfsJ FbAupikiag; gwpj;j rpq;fs muR> mLj;j Mz;L mtHfsJ thf;FupikiaAk; gwpj;jJ. Vw;fdNt mikr;ruitapy; kPd;gpb mikr;ruhfr; NrHe;Jtpl;l jpU.nghd;dk;gyk; ,e;jr; rl;l jpUj;jj;ij ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; Mjupj;J thf;fspj;jhH.  ''jkpod; vd;W nrhy;ylh jiy epkpHe;J epy;ylh"" vd;W Koq;fpa jpU. nghd;dk;gyk; mikr;ru; gjtpf;F Mirg;gl;ljd; fhuzkhf  "jkpod; vd;W nrhy;ylh jiy Fdpe;J epy;ylh"" vd;w epiyf;Fj; jho;j;jpdhH.   

kiyafj; jkpoiu rpq;fs MSk; tHf;fj;jpw;Ff; fhl;bf; nfhLj;j jpU. nghd;dk;gyj;jpd; re;jHg;gthj Raey murpaiy vjpHf;F Kfkhf je;ij nry;tehafk; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpiatpl;L ntspNawpdhH.  

FbAupikr; rl;lj;ij vjpHj;J ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; Ngrpa je;ij nry;tehafk; " fj;jp> ,d;W kiyehl;Lj; jkpoHfsJ fOj;Jf;F itf;fg; gLfpwJ. ehis ,yq;ifj; jkpoHfs; fOj;Jf;Fk; itf;fg;glyhk;" vd;W NgrpdhH. 1956Mk; Mz;by; jpU. gz;lhuehaf;fh "rpq;fsk; kl;Lk;" rl;lj;ijf; nfhz;L te;J ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; epiwNtw;wpa NghJ je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; murpay; jPHf;fjuprdk;; cz;ikahfpaJ.  

jkpo;f; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpia tpl;L ntspNawpa je;ij nry;tehak; 1949Mk; Mz;L bnrk;gH khjk; 18k; ehs; jkpo; muRf; fl;rp vd;w Gjpa murpay; fl;rpia Muk;gpj;jhH. jkpo;kf;fs; xU Njrpa ,dk;> tl-fpof;F (khfhzq;fs;) mtHfsJ ghuk;gupa jhafG+kp>  ,yq;ifapd; xw;iwahl;rp murpay; ahg;ig xopj;J tpl;L ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; jj;Jtj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jkpo;kf;fSf;F jd;dhl;rp muir epWTtJ jkpo; muRf; fl;rpapd; murpay; ,yl;rpak; vdg; gpufldg; gLj;jg;gl;lJ. tl-fpof;fpy; rpq;fs murpd; MjuTld;  ,lk;ngWk; ghupa rpq;fsf; FbNaw;;wq;fis vjpHg;gnjd;gJ me;jf; fl;rpapd; mLj;j Kf;fpa Fwpf;Nfhshf ,Ue;jJ.  

jkpo; muRf; fl;rpapd; nfhbahf aho;g;ghz ,uhr;rpaj;ij Mz;l Mupar; rf;futHj;jp kd;dHfsJ ,lgf; nfhb NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;lJ. gpd;dHjhd; ,J %tHzf; nfhbahf khw;wg;gl;;lJ.  

jkpo; muRf; fl;rpapd; Muk;gfhyj;jpy; je;ij nry;thehafj;NjhL NjhNshL Njhs; nfhLj;jtHfspy; ,uz;L Ngiuf; Fwpg;;gpl;Lr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. xUtH ,Uk;G kdpjH vd;W vy;NyhuhYk; miof;fg;gl;l lhf;lH ,.vk;>tp.ehfehjd;. kw;wtH Nfhg;gha;f; Nfhkhd; jpU.rp. td;dparpq;fk;. ,e;j ,uz;L NgUk; je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; tyJ ,lJ iffshf tpsq;fpdhHfs;. 

Ik;gJfspYk; mWgJfspYk; jkpouRf; fl;rpia tsHg;gjw;fhf tof;fwpQH njhopypy; ifepiwar; rk;ghjpj;j gzj;ij je;ij nry;tehafk; jz;zPuhfr; nrytopj;jhH. murpaypy; GFe;jhy; ngaH> Gfo;> gzk; rk;ghjpf;fyhk; vd;w epajp ,Ue;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; je;ij nry;tehafk; murpaypy; <Lgl;L jd; nry;tj;ij ,oe;jhH.  

nfhOk;gpy; Ig;gJ Mz;Lfshf tho;e;j mtH filrptiu xU thlif  tPl;by; FbapUe;jhH vd;w nra;jp gyUf;F tpag;ghf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mJjhd; cz;ik. mtH epidj;jpUe;jhy; nfhOk;gpy; xd;wy;y xd;gJ tPLfs; mtuhy; thq;fpapUf;f KbAk;.  

nfhOk;G>   jkpoHfSf;F me;epakhd kz;. tlf;Fk; fpof;FNk jkpoHfSf;F cupj;jhd  nrhe;j kz;. ,J mtuJ mirf;f Kbahj  ek;gpf;ifahFk;. mtH filrptiu nfhOk;gpy; thlif tPl;by; ,Ue;jjw;F mJNt fhuzkhFk;. jdJ gps;isfs; jhq;fs; gpwe;j kz;izAk;> kz;Zf;Fupa gz;ghLfisAk;  kwf;ff;  $lhJ vd;gjw;fhf gs;sp tpLKiw te;jJk; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; cs;s mtuJ nrhe;j Cuhd njy;ypg;gisf;F mtHfis mDg;gp itj;J tpLthH.  

je;ij nry;tehafj;jplk; jhd; ngupa jiytH vd;w vz;zNkh> Gfo; ngw;w fpA+.rp. vd;w ngUikNah vs;sj;jidAk; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. fhl;rpf;F vspatH vd;W nrhy;NthNk? mjw;Fj; je;ij nry;tehafk; ,yf;fzkhfTk; ,yf;fpakhfTk; tpsq;fpdhH. vg;nghUs; ahH ahH tha;f; Nfl;gpDk; mjpy; nka;;g; nghUs; fhz;gJ> nrhy;gtH cUTfz;L vs;shik> nrhy;gtiu ,il kwpj;jy; nra;ahJ vy;yhtw;iwAk; nghWikNahL nrtp kLf;Fk; gof;fk; mtuplk; ,aw;ifahfNt Fbnfhz;bUe;jd.   

NtW ahuhtJ FWf;fpl;L  nrhd;dJ NghJk;. IahTf;F vy;yhk; tpsq;Fk; vd;W nrhd;dhYk; "",y;iy. mtiug; NgrtpLq;fs;"" vd;W nrhy;yptpLthH. 

rpy rkaq;fspy; fl;rpj; jiytHfsJ Fiwepiwfisg;gw;wpj;  njhz;lHfs; Kiwg;ghL  nra;thHfs;. mtw;iwg; nghWikNahL Nfl;Ltpl;L mtH jpUg;gpf; Nfl;Fk; Nfs;tp "" rup Nehia nrhy;yp tpl;BHfs;.  mjw;Fupa kUe;ijAk; nrhy;Yq;fs;"" vd;gJjhd;.   

fl;rpj; njhz;lHfs;  ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F xOq;fhfg; NghfhkNyh my;yJ

njhFjpfSf;Fg; Nghfhky;  jq;fs; njhopiyg; ghHg;gjpy; fhyj;ijg; Nghf;Fk; ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfs; gw;wp Kiwapl;lhy; mjw;F je;ij nry;thehafk; ,Wf;Fk; gjpy; "" Ml;fis ,zf;fKbahJ. cs;sij itj;Jj;jhd; rkhspf;f Ntz;Lk;.""  

je;ij nry;tehafk; murpay; NkilfspYk; rup> ePjpkd;wq;fspYk; rup mjpfk; NgRtjpy;iy. Fwpg;ghf ePjpkd;wq;fspy; Njitf;F mjpfkhf xUthHj;ijjhDk; Ngrkhl;lhH. ""vt;tsT gzk; nfhLj;jpUf;fpNwk>; kdpjH ,t;tsT RUf;fkhfg; Ngrptpl;L cl;fhHe;J tpl;lhNu tof;F ntd;wkhjpupj;jhd;"" vd;W Vq;fpa fl;rpf;fhuHfs; epiwag; NgH ,Ue;jhHfs;.  

mtUf;F thyhakhd  rpy jkpo; nrhw;nwhlHfis je;ij   nry;tehafk; jdJ Ngr;rpy;  mbf;fb cgNahfpg;ghH. ""mtHfs; vq;fis mopf;f epidg;gJ Jyhk;gukhfj; njupfpwJ"" "" vq;fs; Nghuhl;lj;jpy;; ntw;wpngWtJ vd;gJ xU tpy;yq;fkhd fhupak;"" "" rpq;fs Nkyhz;ikia ehq;fs; vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhl Ntz;Lk; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; mope;J NghNthk.;'"  

je;ij nry;tehafk; kjj;jhy; fpwpj;jtuhf ,Ue;jhYk; jkpo; gz;ghl;ilf; fl;bf; fhg;gjpy; MHtKs;stH. fHehlf ,ir rup> ehjRu ,ir rup ,uz;bYk; mtUf;F kpFe;j  <LghL cz;L. nts;stj;ijg; gps;isahH Nfhtpy; jpUtpohf;  fhyq;fspy; ,lk;ngWk; ehjRuf; fr;Nrupia  xU ,lj;jpy; cl;fhHe;J nfhz;L Mlhky;  mirahky; kzpj;jpahyf; fzf;fpy; Nfl;L kfpo;thH.  

jkpo;g; gz;ghL fhg;gjpy; mtUf;F ,Ue;j <Lghl;Lf;F ,d;ndhU vLj;Jf;fhl;L.  jpUkzk; Mfp  ehyhk; ehs; rlq;fpy; Nkw;fj;ija ghzpapy;   Nkirapy; gPq;fhd; Nfhg;ig Ks;Sf; fuz;b rfpjk; jdJ khkdhH tpUe;J  Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jij Ml;Nrgpj;J jdJ GJ kidtpiaAk; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L tPl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpr; nrd;Wtpl;lJ MFk;.  

je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd;  ,e;jf; nfhs;ifg; gpbg;G murpaypYk; ,Ue;jJ. re;jHg;gthjk;> rkurk; mtuJ murpay; mfuhjpapy; ,y;yhj thHj;ijfs;. 

1972Mk; Mz;L epiwNtw;wg;gl;l =yq;fhtpd; Gjpa xw;iwahl;rp ahg;Gf;F vjpHg;Gj; njuptpf;F Kfkhf je;ij nry;tehafk; jdJ ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdH gjtpia cjwpj;js;sp  jkpo;kf;fs; MjuT ahH gf;fk; vd;gij vz;gpf;f ,ilj; NjHjy; elhj;JkhW Ml;rpahsUf;F miw $ty; tpLj;jhH. %d;W Mz;Lfs; fhyj;ijf; flj;jpa gpd;dH elj;jg;gl;l ,ilj;; NjHjypy; jd;NdhL vjpHj;Jg; Nghl;bapl;l MSk; fl;rp Ntl;ghsiu 15>000 f;Fk; mjpfg;gbahd thf;F tpj;jpahrj;jpy; Njhw;fbj;J ntw;wpthif #bdhH. ,g;gb ,ilj; NjHjypy; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;l Ntl;ghsH rpy Mz;Lfs; fopj;J  jkpoPof; Nfhupf;ifia Vw;W  mjid Kw;whf Mjupj;jhH vd;gJ je;ij nry;thehafj;jpd; murpay; MSikf;Ff; fpilj;j ,uz;lhtJ ntw;wpahFk;.     

,jdhy; ngUk;ghd;ik r%fj;ijr; NrHe;j mtuJ murpay; vjpupfSk; je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; nfhs;if Nfhl;ghl;il tpUk;ghtpl;lhYk; mtuJ NeHikia xUNghJk; re;Njfpj;jJ fpilahJ. jkpo; kf;fs; mtiu ""<oj;Jf; fhe;jp""vd;W md;NghL mioj;jhHfs;.

Kd;dH $wpaJNghy je;ij  nry;tehafk;  murpaYf;F te;jpuhJ jhd; cz;L jdJ  njhopy; cz;L FLk;gk; cz;L vd;W ,Ue;J gpd;dH;  jd;idj; Njbte;j caH ePjpkd;w ePjpaurH gjtpia Vw;W  Xa;T ngw;wpUe;jhy; jkpopdj;jpd; murpay; tuyhW epr;rakhfj; jpir khwpg; NghapUf;Fk;. Raeyj; jkpo;j; jiytHfSf;F gzk;> gjtp> gl;lq;fs;  nfhLj;J KOj; jkpopdj;ijANk  rpq;fs Ml;rpahsHfs; tpiyf;F thq;fpapUg;ghHfs;. mjd;gpd; jkpoHfis jhyhl;Lg;ghbj; Jhq;f itj;J fOj;ij mWj;jpUe;jpUg;ghHfs;. jkpopdk; kPsh mbikj; jisapy; fl;Lz;L mope;J NghapUf;Fk;. 

,ijj; jLj;jp epWj;jp Fye;jU thd;nghUs; Fd;wk; njhiyj;J> rpiw nrd;W>  cly; eyk; nfl;l NghJk; jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;F ePH thHj;J> cuk; Nghl;L jkpo; kf;fis  tpLjiyg; ghijapy; mioj;Jr;nrd;W  Rje;jpuj; jdpj; jkpoPoNk jkpopdj;jpd; Kbe;j KbT mJNt jkpoHfSf;F tpbT vd;W filrp capy; vOjp itj;Jtpl;L kiwe;jtH je;ij nry;tehafk;.  

,d;W jdpr;  Rje;jpuj; jkpoPoj;Jf;F je;ij  nry;tehafk; ,l;l  fhy;Nfhspd; NkNy Gypfspd; nrq;FUjpahYk; jirahYk; euk;gpdhYk; RtH vOg;gp> $iu Nta;e;J mjd; fl;Lkhdj;ijf; fl;b Kbj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gtH jkpoPo Njrpa  tpLjiy ,uhZtj;jpd; xg;ghUk; kpf;fhUk; ,y;yhj jhdj;jsgjp> Nrhod; fupfhy;ngUtsj;jhdpd; thupR jiytH gpughfud; MthH.   

je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; Rje;jpuj; jkpoPof; fdT nka;g;gl Ntz;Lk;. iftrkhtJ tpiutpy; Ntz;Lk;. kz; tpLjiy ngw Ntz;Lk;. kf;fs; tho;T gaDw Ntz;Lk;. jkpoPok; ,q;F njd;gl Ntz;Lk;.  (je;ij nry;tehafk; Ehw;whz;L kyH)