Nrhjplg; Gul;L (61)

 

Nfhs; epiy xNu khjpup ,y;iy! 

 

,Jtiu gd;dpuz;L tpz;ntsp tPuH re;jpudpy; fhy; gjpj;Js;shHfs;. ,tHfs; 1969-1972 tiu ,lk;ngw;w MW mg;NghNyh tpz;ntspf; fg;gy;fspy; nryT  nra;jtHfs;. Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;jpd;gb ,tHfs; vy;NyhuJk; gpwg;gpd; NghJ Nfhs; epiy xNu khjpupahf ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNjNghy; mtHfsJ tpjpAk; (fy;tp> nghUs;> jpwik> ey;tho;T> fhjy;> jpUkzk;....) xNu khjpup mike;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

Mdhy;> mtHfsJ Nfhs; epiyia Muha;e;jhy; mit xNu khjpup ,y;iy. xt;nthUtUk; ntt;NtW ,uhrpapy; gpwe;Js;shHfs;. Nfhs;fs; ntt;NtW ,uhrp tPl;by; epd;wpUf;fpd;wd. mtHfs; gpwf;Fk; nghOJ ve;nje;j ,uhrpapy; ve;nje;jf; Nfhs;fs; epd;wd vd;gijf; fPo;f;fz;l ml;ltiz fhl;LfpwJ.

 

                                                 விண்வெளி வீரர்கள்

tpz;ntsp tPuH;

gpwe;j ehs;

#upad;

re;jpud;

Gjd;

nts;sp

nrt;tha;

tpahod;

rdp

Neil Armstrong

Mf];l;  5> 1930

flfk;

jD;

rpk;kk;

rpk;kk;

,lgk;

kpJdk;

jD

Buzz Aldrin

rdtup  20> 1930

kfuk;

fd;dp

kfuk;

kfuk;

jD

,lgk;

jD

Pete Conrad

a+d; 2> 1930

,lgk;

rpk;kk;

,lgk;

kpJdk;

kPdk;

,lgk;

jD

Alan Bean

khHr;R  15> 1932

Fk;gk;

Nklk;

kPdk;

Nklk;

Fk;gk;

flfk;

kfuk;

Ed Mitchell

nrg;njk;gH 17> 1930

rpk;kk;

kpJdk;

rpk;kk;

Jyhk;

kpJdk;

kpJdk;

jD

Dave Scott

A+d;  6> 1932

,lgk;

kpJdk;

,lgk;

kpJdk;

Nklk;

flfk;

kfuk;

Jim Irwin

khHr;R  17> 1930

kPdk;

fd;d;p

Fk;gk;

kPdk;

Fk;gk;

,lgk;

jD

John Young

nrg;njk;gH 24> 1930

fd;dp

fd;d;p

fd;d;p

Jyhk;

kpJdk;

kpJdk;

jD

Charlie Duke

xf;NjhgH 3> 1935

fd;d;p

tpUr;rpfk;

fd;d;p

rpk;kk;

tpUr;rpfk;

Jyhk;

Fk;gk;

Alan Shepard

nehntk;gH 18> 1923

Jyhk;

kPdk;

Jyhk;

tpUr;rpfk;

fd;d;p

Jyhk;

fd;d;p

Gene Carnan

khHr;R 14> 1934

kPdk;

Fk;gk;

Fk;gk;

kfuk;

kPdk;

fd;d;p

kfuk;

Harrison Schmitt

A+iy  3> 1935

kpJdk;

flfk;

,lgk;

rpk;kk;

fd;d;p

Jyhk;

Fk;gk;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gd;dpuz;L tpz;ntsp tPuHfspy; MW NguJ rhjfj;jpy; rdp jD ,uhrpapy; (Sagittarius) rQ;rupg;gijg; ghHf;fyhk;. ,ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L rdpf; NfhSf;Fk; tpUr;rpf ,uhrpf;Fk; tpz;ntspr; nryTf;Fk; njhlHG ,Uf;fpwJ vd vz;zj; Njhd;Wk;. cz;ik mg;gbay;y. rdpf; Nfhs; Qapiwr; Rw;wptu 29.46 Mz;L vLf;fpwJ. vdNt xt;nthU ,uhrpapYk; 2.5  Mz;L fhyk; mJ epw;fpwJ. ,e;j tpz;ntsp tPuHfspy; mNefH 1930 f;F Kd; gpd; gpwe;jtHfs;. vdNt mtHfs; rhjfj;jpy; rdp tpUr;rpf ,uhrpapy; rQ;rupg;gjpy; tpag;NgJk; ,y;iy. ,ijg; NghyNt Nehngy; gupR ngw;w mwptpayhsHfsJ rhjfq;fis Muha;e;jNghJ mtw;wpy; xNu khjpupahd Nfhs; epiyiag; ghHf;f Kbatpy;iy. mjidf; fPo;f;fz;l ml;ltiz fhl;LfpwJ.

                                                 கோள் நிலை

Nehngy; guprhsH;

gpwe;j ehs;

#upad;

re;jpud;

Gjd;

nts;sp

nrt;tha;

tpahod;

rdp

Mother Teresa

Mf];l;   27> 1910

rpk;kk;

,lgk;

rpk;kk;

flfk;

rpk;kk;

fd;d;p

kPdk;

Lech Walesa

nrg;njk;gH  29> 1943

fd;d;p

fd;d;p

rpk;kk;

rpk;kk;

,lgk;

rpk;kk;

,lgk;

Andrei Sakharov

Nk; 21> 1921

,lgk;

Jyhk;

,lgk;

kPdk;

,lgk;

rpk;kk;

rpk;kk;

NormanE. Borlaug

khHr;R 25  1914

kPdk;

Fk;gk;

Fk;gk;

kPdk;

kpJdk;

kfuk;

,lgk;

Martin Luther King Jr.

rdtup 15 1929

jD

Fk;gk;

kfuk;

Fk;gk;

,lgk;

kPdk;

jD

Linus Pauling

ngg;utup 28> 1901

Fk;gk;

kpJdk;

kPdk;

Fk;gk;

rpk;kk;

jD

jD

Dag Hammarskjold

A+iy 29  1905

flfk;

kpJdk;

rpk;kk;

,lgk;

Jyhk;

,lgk;

Fk;gk;

Albert Schweitzer

rdtup 14> 1875

kfuk;

kPdk;

kfuk;

tpUr;rpfk;

Jyhk;;

fd;d;p

kfuk;

Theodore Roosevelt

xf;NjhgH 27> 1858

fd;d;p

kpJdk;

fd;d;p

tpUr;rpfk;

jD

,lgk;

flfk;

Henry La Fontaine

Vg;gpupy; 22> 1854

kPdk;

Fk;gk;

kPdk;

Fk;gk;

rpk;kk;

kfuk;

,lgk;

Thomas Woodrow Wilson

bnrk;gH  28> 1856

jD

jD

jD

kfuk;

kfuk;

kPdk;

kpJdk;

Fritjof Nansen

xf;NjhgH  10> 1861

fd;d;p

jD

Jyhk;

Jyhk;

fd;d;p

rpk;kk;

rpk;kk;

Arthur Henderson

nrg;njk;gH  13> 1863

rpk;kk;

rpk;kk;

fd;d;p

fd;d;p

rpk;kk;

fd;d;p

fd;dp

Carlos Saavedra Lamas

nehntk;gH  01> 1878

Jyhk;

kfuk;

Jyhk;

fd;d;p

fd;d;p

kfuk;

kPdk;

Carl VonOssietzky

xf;NjhgH 3> 1889

fd;d;p

kfuk;

fd;d;p

rpk;kk;

rpk;kk;

jD

rpk;kk;

Cordell Hull

xf;NjhgH 02> 1871

fd;d;p

,lgk;

rpk;kk;

fd;d;p

tpUr;rpfk;

kpJdk;

jD

Emily Greene Balch

rdtup 8> 1867

jD

kfuk;

jD

tpUr;rpfk;

kpJdk;

kfuk;

Jyhk;

Betty Williams

Nk; 22>1943

,lgk;;

jD

 

,lgk;

 

kpJdk;

 

kPdk;

 

kpJdk;

 

,lgk;

 

Henry
Kissinger

Nk; 27> 1923

,lgk;

fd;d;p

,lgk;

Nklk;

kpJdk;

Jyh

fd;dp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xUtuJ Fzeyd;fs;> jpwd;fs;> ey;tho;T> njhopy;> fhjy;> jpUkzk; Nghd;wtw;iw mtutuJ rhjfj;ijg; ghHj;Jr; nrhy;yptplyhk; vd;W NrhjplHfs; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. mijf; Nfl;Fk; NghJ tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ. NrhjplHfs; nrhy;tJ cz;ikah?  

fle;j 2>000 Mz;Lfshf Nrhjplj;ij kf;fs; ek;gp te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. mJ xd;Nw Nrhjplk; cz;ik vd;gjw;F rhd;whFk; vd;fpwhHfs;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf  NrhjplH rpk;k ,yf;fpdj;jpy; gpwe;jtH vg;gbr; rpk;kk; kw;wtHfSf;Fg; gzpahNjh mJ khjpup ,tHfs;  kw;wtHfSf;Fg; gzpa khl;lhHfs;> te;jJ tul;Lk; vd;W vjpHj;J epw;ghHfs;> ,tHfSf;F kiwKfg; giftHfs; Vuhsk; cz;L> MapDk; ,tHfs; mtHfis nghUl;gLj;j khl;lhHfs;> ,tHfs; jhk;jhd; ngupatHfs; vd;W vz;zp kw;wtHfis mtkjpj;Jg; NgRk; Rghtk; cilatHfs;.

Njf;fpa rpq;fe;jdpw; gpwe;Njhd;
   rpwg;G Nkd;ik Ailatdhk;
Mf;fpa Gtpapypd;; tiuAk;
   mt kjpj;Nj NgrpLthd;
ghf;fpar; nrUf;fhy; gytifAk;
   gzpAk; kzpA kpoe;jpLthd;
Naha;fpaidg; NghyNt ebj;J
   nra;thd; nfhLq;fsitANk'
 (N[hjpl mKjk; -gf;fk; 129-131)

,e;jg; gyd; rupjhdh vd  EhW rpk;k ,uhrpf;fhuHfsplk;  NfSq;fs;. njhz;ZhW tpOf;fhl;bdH 'Mk;' vd;W jiyahl;LthHfs;. vQ;rpa gj;J tpOf;fhLk; mNefkhf  'Mk;'; vd;Wjhd; jiy Ml;L;k;. 

NrhjplH cq;fSf;F gzr; rpf;fy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;ghH. Nrhjplk; Nfl;gtUf;F mJ  cz;ikahfg; gLfpwJ. gzr; rpf;fy; ,y;yhjtHfs; ahuhtJ ,Uf;fpwhHfsh?

cz;ikahd rhjfq;fis vLq;fs;> me;j rhjffhuHfsJ Fzeyd;fisf; Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> rhjfj;jpy; cs;s ngaiu mopj;Jtpl;L mtw;iwr; NrhjplHfsplk; nfhLj;J mjw;FupatHfisj; NjHe;njLf;FkhW NfSq;fs;. ghjpg; NgHjhd; rupahd rhjfj;ij rupahd MNshL nghUj;JthHfs;. ,g;NghJ> me;jr; rhjfq;fis rhjhuz kdpjHfsplk; nfhLj;J rhjffhuHfisf; fz;L gpbf;fr; nrhy;Yq;fs;. mtHfSk; mNj tpOf;fhL ntw;wp ngWthHfs;.

nkhj;jk; 1>200 rhjfq;fis 700 NrhjplHfsplk; fhl;b 47 Ma;Tfs; nra;jNghJ nghJNkdp 50 tpOf;fhL ntw;wpjhd; mtHfSf;Ff; fpilj;jJ.

kpr;rpf;fd; khepyj;ijr; rhHe;j ngHdhl; rpy;tkhd; (Bernard Silverman)  vd;w cstpayhsH 2>978 jpUkzq;fisAk; 478 kzKwpTfisAk; Muha;e;J ghHj;J (1967-68) ve;jf;  Nfhs; epiy> ,uhrp epiy jpUkz ePbg;Gf;Fk; KwpTf;Fk; fhuzpfshf ,Uf;fpd;wd vdg; ghHj;jhH. mtH vl;ba KbT jpUkz ePbg;Gf;Fk; KwpTf;Fk; Nfhs;fSf;Fk; ,uhrpfSf;Fk; ve;jj; njhlHGk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy vd;gjhFk;. nghUj;jkw;w ,uhrpf;fhuHfSk; nghUj;jKs;s ,uhrpf;fhuHfSk; jpUkzk; nra;Js;shHfs;. Mdhy;> ,U rhuhUk; rup rkkhfNt jpUkzj;ij Kwpj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;!

KOepyhf; fhyj;jpy; (gTHzkp) mjpfkhd Foe;ijfs; gpwf;fpd;wd> kdNehahsHfsJ Ngjypg;G me;j ehspy; mjpfupf;fpwJ Nghd;w ek;gpf;if kf;fsplk; gutyhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

Mdhy;> Ma;Tfs; KOepyhf; fhyj;jpy; my;yJ GJepyhf; fhyj;jpy; (mkhthir) mjpfkhd Foe;ijfs; gpwf;fpd;wd vd;gjpy; cz;ik ,y;iy vdr; nrhy;fpd;wd.

mNjNghy; KOepyhf; fhyj;jpy; kdNehahsHfSf;Fg; Ngjypg;G mjpfupf;fpwJ vd;gjpYk; ve;jtpj cz;ikAk; ,y;iy. Ma;thsHfs; Nkw;nfhz;l Ma;Tfs;> Gs;sp tpguq;fs; mtw;iw cWjpg;gLj;jtpy;iy.  

'vd;idg; nghWj;jstpy; kdNehahspfs; kPjhd gTHzkp epyhtpd; jhf;fk; vz;gpf;fg;gl tpy;iy. mjw;fhd tYthd rhd;Wfs; ,y;iy' vd;fpwhH Itd; nfyp. ,tH ,J njhlHghd 200 Fk; Nkw;gl;l Ma;Tfis cs;slf;fpa 50 Ma;twpf;iffis kPsha;T nra;Js;shH.

,Ue;Jk; kdpjHfsJ Gj;jp Ngjypg;G> ghupa Fw;wq;fs;> rhiytpgj;Jf;fs; Nghd;wtw;Wf;F KOepyhitg; gop rhl;Lk; gof;fk; njhlHe;J tUfpwJ.

,jw;F ,uz;L fhuzpfisf; $wyhk;. xd;W kdpjHfsJ njupe;njLf;Fk; Qhgfrf;jp (selective memories ) - VjhtJ elf;ff; $lhjJ KOepyhtd;W ele;J tpl;lhy; mjid KOepyhNthL njhlHG gLj;jpg; NgRtJ.

kw;wJ VJf;Fk; (fhuzj;Jf;Fk;) tpisTf;Fk; (fhupaj;Jf;Fk;) ,ilapy; cs;s Ntw;Wikia Gupahky; kaq;FtJ.

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf xU Ma;T KOepyhTf;Fk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l elj;ijf;Fk; cwT ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhd;dhYk;> KOepyhjhd; me;j elj;ijiaj; Njhw;Wtpj;jJ vd;W KbT fl;LtJ gpioahFk;.   

,d;ndhU rpf;fy; vd;dntd;why; nra;jpahsHfs; gugug;ghd nra;jpfisr; Nrfupg;gjpy;jhd; mjpf mf;fiw fhl;LfpwhHfs;. my;yJ gugug;ghd KbTfis Mjupf;Fk; nra;jpfspy; mjpf mf;fiw fhl;LfpwhHfs;. mjdhy; Ma;Tfspd; mbg;gilapy; jug;gLk; nra;jpfis mtHfs; Gwk; js;sptpl;Lf; fhty;Jiwaplk; ,Ue;Jk; jhjpkhuplk; ,Ue;Jk; ngwg;gLk; gugug;ghd nra;jpfisNa tpUk;GfpwhHfs;.

,yf;fpaj;jpy; KOepyhTf;Fk; mrhjhuz elj;ijf;Fk; njhlHG fw;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J rupah vd;gij Muha tpUk;gpa nkf;rpf;fd; ehl;ilr; NrHe;j Jose Cuervo ,yz;ld; fpq;]; fy;Yhupiar; NrHe;j cstpayhsH Glenn Wilson  vd;gtiu mkHj;jpdhH.

tpy;rdpd; Ma;tpd;gb gy Ehw;whz;L fhykhf  KOepyh ehs; Guhzq;fspYk; ehNlhb ,yf;fpaj;jpYk; nfhz;lhl;lj;Jf;Fupa ehs; vd rpj;jupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kf;fpakhf ,d;iwa kpd;rhu ntspr;rk; tUtjw;F Ke;jpa fhyj;jpy; mt;thwhd vz;zk; ,Ue;J te;Js;sJ.

vdNt KOepyh ehspy; kdpjHfsJ elj;ijapy; khWjy; fhzg;gLtJ cz;iknad;Nw ek;g Ntz;bAs;sJ. Mdhy;> mjw;Ff; Nfhs;fspd; nry;thf;Ff; fhuzk; vd;gJ jtwhFk;. KOepyh ehspy; epytpd; ntspr;rk; mjpfkhf cs;sJ. vdNt Mly; ghly; Nghd;w nghOJ Nghf;Ff;F cfe;j ehshf mJ ,Uf;fpwJ.

,e;jr; nra;jpiag; gpupj;jhdpahtpy; ,Ue;J ntsptUk; Daily Telegraph  ehNsL  ntspapl;bUe;jJ.   

'xUtd; jhd; nra;Ak; mw;Gjq;fis Muha;e;J ghHf;f mDkjp kWg;gtd; fsthsp> mw;Gjj;ij Muha;e;J ghHf;fj; Jzpr;ry; ,y;yhjtd; Vkhsp> xd;iw Muha;e;J ghHf;fhJ mg;gbNa ek;Gfpwtd; Kl;lhs;.'  (‘He who does not allow his miracles to be investigated is a crook, he who does not have the courage to   investigate a miracle   is gullible  and he who is prepared to believe without verification is a fool’)

,g;gb ntl;nlhd;W Jz;L ,uz;L vdr; nrhd;d gFj;jwpthjp ahH?  


Nrhjplg; Gul;L (62)

mtjhuq;fis mk;gyg;gLj;jpa lhf;lH Vg;ufhk; NfhT+H  

'xUtd; jhd; nra;Ak; mw;Gjq;fis Muha;e;J ghHf;f mDkjp kWg;gtd; fsthsp> mw;Gjj;ij Muha;e;J ghHf;fj; Jzpr;ry; ,y;yhjtd; Vkhsp> xd;iw Muha;e;J ghHf;fhJ mg;gbNa ek;Gfpwtd; Kl;lhs;' vd;W nrhd;dtH NtW ahUk; my;y>  Gfo; ngw;w gFj;jwpTthjpAk; cstpay; ty;YdUkhd lhf;lH Vg;ufhk; NfhT+Hjhd; mg;gbr; nrhd;dtH.   

NfhT+H flTs; mtjhuq;fSf;Fk; Nga;> gpy;yp #dpak;> khake;jpuk;> nrg;gb tpj;ij nra;Ak; ke;jputhjpfSf;Fk; nfl;l fdthf tpsq;fpdhH.  

flTs; mtjhuk; vd;W fUjg;gLk; rhap ghthTf;Ff; NfhT+H XUKiw rq;fpyp> Nkhjpuk;> fbfhuk; vd;nwy;yhk; tutioj;Jf; fhl;LfpwPHfs;! KbAnkd;why; cq;fshy; xU G+rzpf;fhia tutioj;Jf; fhl;l KbAkh?" vd miw$ty; tpLj;jhH.  

flTs; mtjhuq;fs; vd;W nrhy;gtHfs; vg;NghJk; cs;sq;iff;Fs; mlf;ff;$ba tpG+jp> rq;fpyp> kzpf;$L> rptypq;fk; Nghd;wtw;iw tutioj;Jf; fhl;LthHfNsnahopag; G+rzpf;fha; Nghd;w gUkdhd nghUis tutioj;Jf; fhl;LtJ fpilahJ. fhl;lTk; KbahJ.   

1992 nehntk;gH 23 md;W gq;fSupy; ,Ue;J ntspahFk; Deccan Chronicle vd;w ehNsL jdJ Kd;gf;fj;jpy; jpy;ypapy; gpujkH gp.tp. eurpk;kuht; fye;J nfhz;l gpwe;j ehs; tpohtpy;> rhap ghgh ifia mirj;J #dpaj;jpy; ,Ue;J xU rq;fpypia tutioj;j Gifg;glq;fis ntspapl;bUe;jJ. me;jg; glq;fs; gpujkuJ tuitg; glk;gpbj;j mur tPbNah glg;gpbg;ghsH; xUtH  vLj;jit MFk;.  me;jg; glq;fs; rhap ghghtpd; cjtpahsH ,uhjhfpU\;z Nkdd; mtuplk; vLj;Jf; nfhLj;j  rpiyf;F mbapy; xl;lg;gl;bUe;j xU  rq;fpypia ifahy; jltp vLj;jijf; ifAk; nka;Akhf tPbNah fkuhtpd; "fz;fs;"  fhl;bf; nfhLj;Jtpl;ld. ,jdhy; me;j tpoh epfo;r;rpia ,e;jpa njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; xspgug;Gtij ,e;jpa muR jpBnud epWj;jp tpl;lJ. me;j tPbNah ehlh ntsptuhJ Klf;fptpl;lJ. ,Ue;Jk; mjd; gb xd;W vg;gbNah ntspte;J cyfk; KOJk; xspgug;gg;gl;lJ.  gpgprp jahupg;ghsHfs; jhq;fs; jahupj;j Guru Busters vd;w FWk;glj;jpy; me;j ehlhitg; Nghl;Lf; fhl;bdhHfs;.  

1993 A+d; 06 Mk; ehs; Gl;lgHj;jp CopaHfs; ehy;tH rhap ghghit mtuJ miwapy; itj;Jf; nfhiy nra;a Kaw;rp Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;.   ghgh gf;fj;J miwf;F Xbj; jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;s> ,uhjhfpU\;d Nkdd; cl;gl ghghtpd; cjtpahsH ,UtH nfhiyahspfshy; Fj;jpf; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldH.  gpd;  fhty;Jiw Rl;ljpy; jhf;fpa 4 NgUk; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. Gl;lgHj;jpapy; ele;j ,e;j 6; nfhiyfs; njhlHghf ahUk; Kiwg;ghL nra;atpy;iy> ahUk; ifJ nra;ag;gltpy;iy> ahH kPJk; tof;Fk; njhlug;gltpy;iy.   

lhf;lH NfhT+H  1978 nrg;njk;gH 18 Mk; ehs; ,aw;if va;jpaNghJ mtuJ filrp tpUg;gj;jpw;F ,zq;f mtuJ fz;fs; ,uz;Lk; kUj;Jtf; fy;Yhupf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;ld. mtuJ cly; mtH ePz;l fhyk; tpupTiuahsuhfg; gzpahw;wpa nfhOk;G NjH];ld; fy;Yhupf;Ff; (Thurstan College, Colombo) nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. ,it> jhd; ,we;j gpd;Gk; jd;dhy; khdplk; (Humanity) gaDw Ntz;Lk; vd;w mtuJ kdpj Neaj;Jf;F ey;y vLj;Jf;fhl;lhFk;.  

lhf;lH NfhT+H xU miuEhw;whz;L fhykhf ke;jpu je;jpuq;fs;> Nga; gpy;yp #dpaq;fs; gw;wp tpupthf Muha;e;jtH. mtuJ KbT? mtw;wpy; ve;j cz;ikAk; ,y;iy vd;gNj! "ahUf;Fk; mw;Gjq;fs; GupAk; Mw;wy; fpilahJ> mit Guhzq;fspYk;> gugug;Gf;Fg; ngaH Nghd nra;jpj;jhs;fspy; kl;LNk cz;L" vd;gJ lhf;lH NfhT+upd; KbthFk;.  

jq;fsplk; mw;Gj Mw;wy; cz;L vd;W  nrhy;gtHfis> me;j mw;Gj Mw;wiy Nkhrbf;F ,lkpy;yhj fl;Lg;ghlhd #oypy; vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;LkhW NfhT+H miw$ty; tpLj;jJ flTs; mtjhuq;fs; kl;lj;jpy; fpypia cz;L gz;zpaJ.

jd;dplk; cs;s EhW cUgha;j;  jhspd; ,yf;fj;ijr; rupahfr; nrhy;Yfpw ke;jputhjpfs;> khe;jpupfHfs;> NrhjplHfs; MfpNahUf;F xU ,yf;fk; cUghia (me;jf; fhyj;J xU ,yl;rk; ,g;NghJ xU Nfhbf;Fr; rkk;) guprhff; nfhLf;fj; jahH vd;W NfhT+H nra;jpj;jhs;fspy; mwptpj;jy; nra;jhH. NkYk; jd;idg; Nga;> gpy;yp #dpak; %yk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyf; nfLTf;Fs; nfhy;Yk; ke;jputhjpf;F xU ,yf;f cUgha; guprhff; nfhLg;gjhfTk;  mwptpj;jhH. Mdhy;> mtH capNuhL ,Ue;j kl;Lk; xUtH$l mtuJ ge;jaj;ij Vw;f Kd;tutpy;iy.  

mNj khjpup jz;zPupy; ahuhtJ ele;J fhl;bdhy; mtUf;F xU ,yl;rk; jUtjhff; NfhT+H mwptpj;jhH.  

xNunahU Kiw mtuJ ge;jaj;ij Kk;igiar; NrHe;j xU rhkpahH Vw;Wf; nfhz;L jz;zPupy; ele;J fhl;Ltjhfr; nrhd;dhH. nra;jpj; jhs;fspy; me;jr; nra;jp ntspahfpaJ.  Kk;igapy; cs;s xU gpugy Nfhl;lYf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd xU ePr;ry; Fsj;jpy; xU Fwpg;gpl;l ehspy;> Fwpg;gpl;l Neuj;jpy; rhkpahH jz;zPupy; ele;J fhl;l Vw;ghlhapw;W. rhkpahupd; rhjidiag; ghHf;f kf;fs; ngUkstpy; jpuz;lhHfs;.   

rhkpahH te;jhH>  fz;iz %bf; nfhQ;r Neuk; jpahdk; nra;jhH> jz;zPupy; ,wq;fpdhH> mt;tsTjhd;> nghJf;nfd;W fPNo Ngha;tpl;lhH! NghdtH NghdJjhd; Ms; ntspNa tuNt ,y;iy! 

mg;NghJjhd; mtUf;F ePr;ry;$lj; njupahJ vd;w cz;ik njupate;jJ. gf;fj;jpy; epd;wtHfs; gha;e;J jz;zPH Fbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j rhkpahiuf; fiuf;F ,Oj;J te;jhHfs;. 

NfhT+H Nfl;lhH "rhkpahNu! cq;fSf;F Vd; ,e;j Ntiy> xU ,yl;rj;Jf;F Mirg;gl;L capiutplg;  ghHj;jPNu?" 

",y;iy. xU ,yl;rj;Jf;F Mirg;gl;L ,jid ehd; nra;atpy;iy> vdf;Ff; nfhQ;r tpsk;guk; Njitg;gl;lJ> mjw;fhfj;jhd; jz;zPupy; elf;f KbAk; vd;W nrhd;Ndd;" vdr; rhkpahH mOJ tbe;jhH! 

lhf;lH NfhT+Uk; mtuJ kidtpAk; eLr; rhkj;jpy; RLfhLfspy; Nga;fisj; Njbg; NghapUf;fp

whHfs;> Nga; elkhLtjhff; fUjg;gLk; tPLfSf;Fg; NghapUf;fpd;wdH>   Nga;gpbj;j tPLfspy; gLj;J cwq;fpdhHfs;.  

jdJ tho;f;ifapy; Vw;gl;l gl;lwpit mbg;gilahf  itj;J lhf;lH NfhT+H (1) Begone Godmen (2)  God Demons and   Spirits vd;w ,uz;L Ehy;fis Mq;fpyj;jpy; vOjp ntspapl;lhH.  ,jpy; fhzg;gLk; xU fij kiyahs nkhopapy; jpiug;glkhf vLf;fg;gl;L jpiuauq;Ffspy; 100 ehs;fSf;F Nky; Xbg; gz tUthapy; rhjid gilj;jJ. 

lhf;lH NfhT+H 1898k; Mz;L Nfusj;jpy; gpwe;jtH. mtuJ je;ijahH xU rpupa fpwpj;jt ghjpupahH. jdJ njhlf;fg; gbg;igj; jpUty;yk; rpupad; fpwpj;Jt nrkpdupapy; Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L Nky;gbg;Gf;fhf fy;fj;jh nrd;W ngq;fghrp fy;Yhupapy; fy;tp fw;whH. jhtuapay;> tpyq;fpay; ghlq;fspypNa mtH rpwg;Gg; Gyik ngw;whH. mjd;gpd; Nfhl;lak; rp.vk;.v];. fy;Yhupapy; cjtp tpupTiuahsuhfg; gzpahw;wpdhH.  

lhf;lH NfhT+H kf;fs; %lj;jdj;Jf;F ,iuahfhky; gFj;jwpNthL tho Ntz;Lk; vd;gijj; jdJ tho;tpd; Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;bUe;jhH.   

,jw;fhf %lj;jdj;jpd; Kilehw;wk; tPRk; ,e;jpahtpw;F mbf;fb Ngha; te;jhH. "mw;Gjq;fis mk;gyg;gLj;Jk;" epfo;r;rpfs; gytw;iwr; nra;J fhl;bdhH. mtUf;Fg; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fisf; ftHe;J ,Of;Fk; Ngr;rhw;wy; ,Ue;jJ.  

lhf;lH NfhT+H jdJ gug;Giuf;Fj; jd;NdhL jdJ ez;gH gp. gpNukhde;j; (,J NtW gpNukhde;j; - nfhiy kw;Wk; ghypay; td;Kiwf; Fw;wr;rhl;by; jpUr;rp rpiwf; fk;gpfspw;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,uz;L MAs; jz;lidia mDgtpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; "Rthkp" gpNukhde;jh my;y) vd;gtiu mioj;Jg; NghdhH.  

gpNukhde;j; ,e;jpa murplk; ,Ue;J mwptpaiy tsHj;j njhz;Lf;fhf NCSTC  gupR ngw;wtH. mtUf;F mg;NghJ taJ 75 Mfp ,Ue;jJ. mtH ke;jpu je;jpuk; fw;wtH. rhjhuz kf;fisj; jpiff;f itf;Fk; 1>500 Fk; mjpfkhd nrg;gb tpj;ijfis> mw;Gjq;fis meharkhfr; nra;J fhl;Lk; Mw;wy; gilj;jtH.  

vz;nza;f;Fg; gjpy; jz;zPupy; tpsf;Fj; jpup vuptJ> iel;wpf; fhbia mg;gbNa tpOq;FtJ> fz;zhbapy; jhkhfNt gpk;gq;fs; Njhd;WtJ> ifapy; ,Uf;Fk; Jzpapy; jpBnudj; jP gw;wpf; nfhs;tJ mtw;wpy; rpythFk;!  

lhf;lH NfhT+Uf;Fk; ke;jpu je;jpu tpj;ijfs; njupe;jpUe;jd. mtw;iw Nkilapy; nra;J fhl;Ltij ehd; Neupy; ghHj;jpUf;fpNwd;.  

NfhT+H 1928 Mk; Mz;L ,yq;iff;F Gyk; ngaHe;J aho;g;ghzk; kj;jpa fy;Yhupapy; Mrpupauhfr; NrHe;jhH. Kjyhz;by; mtH jhtutpay; gbg;gpj;jNjhL fpwpj;jt khztHfSf;F tptpypa Ntjj;ijAk; gbg;gpj;jhH.  

tptpypa Ntj ghlj;jpy; mtuJ khztHfs; mj;jid NgUk; rpwg;ghfr; rpj;jpnaa;jpdhHfs;. Mdhy;> mLj;j Mz;L fy;Yhup mjpgH tz. gpjh. fh\; (Rt.Rev.Cash) mtuplk; ,Ue;J fpwpj;jt ghlg;gbg;igg;  gpLq;fp tpl;lhH.    

mijapl;Lf; fy;Yhup mjpguplk; tpsf;fk; Nfl;lhH NfhT+H. fy;Yhup mjpgH rpupj;Jf; nfhz;Nl nrhd;dhH "Vg;ufhk;!  cd;dplk;  tptpypa Ntj ghlk; gbj;j khzhf;fH vy;NyhUNk ey;y ngWNgWfisg; ngw;W rpj;jp va;jpdH vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. Mdhy;> mtHfs; mj;jidNgUNk jq;fs; kj ek;gpf;ifia ,oe;J tpl;lhHfNs!" 

1943k; Mz;L kj;jpa fy;Yhupia tpl;Ltpyfp fhyp wpr;nkd;l; fy;Yhupapy; NrHe;jhH. mg;Gwk; kTz;l;Nydpah gup. njhkh]; fy;Yhupf;F khwpdhH. 1959 ,y; mwptpay; Jiwj; jiyik MrpupaH nghWg;gpypUe;J Xa;T ngw;whH.  

,jd; gpd;dNu lhf;lH NfhT+H jhd; mJ fhytiu Ma;T nra;J te;j Md;kPfk;> MtpAyfk;  Nghd;wtw;iwg;gw;wp KO Neuk; vOjTk;> NgrTk; njhlq;fpdhH. jdJ ,sikf; fhyj;ijg; gw;wp lhf;lH NfhT+H gpd;tUkhW $wpapUf;fpwhH: 

"kw;wf; Foe;ijfs; NghyNt ehDk; vdJ jha; je;ijauhy; %isr; ryit nra;ag;gl;L mtHfsJ kjk;gw;wpa %lek;gpf;iffs; vd;kPJ jpzpf;fg;gl;lJ. gpw;fhyj;jpy; me;j ,sikf;fhy %lek;gpf;iffis cjwpj; js;StJ vd;gJ kiyNky; VWtJNghy; ,Ue;jJ."

lhf;lH NfhT+H Nrhjplk;> ke;jpu je;jpuq;fs;> khe;jpuPfq;fs; Nghd;w NkhrbfSf;F vjpuhf Mw;wpa nrhw;nghopTfs;> vOjpa fl;Liufs; mwpahik Fbnfhz;bUe;j kf;fsJ kdjpy; Nga;fs;gw;wpa gaj;ijg; Nghf;fp> mtjhuq;fs;> mw;Gjf;fhuHfs;> #dpaf;fhuHfs;> trpafhuHfs;> NrhjplHfs;> ifNuif rhj;jpupfs;> rhjfk; fzpg;NghH> fhz;lk; thrpg;NghH> vz;rhj;jpupfs;> gQ;rhq;ffhuHfs; Nghd;wtHfsJ Gul;Lf;fis mk;gyg;gLj;jp kf;fsplk; gFj;jwpit tsHf;f cjtpaJ.  

jdJ FLk;gj;jpy; elf;Fk; kq;fsfukhd epfo;r;rpfis ml;lkp>  etkp> ,uhFfhyk;> akfz;lk; ghHj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. mjd; %yk; ehSk; NfhSk; ghHg;gJ %lek;gpf;if vd;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;L %yk; vz;gpj;jhH.  

,aw;iff;F khwhd mw;Gjq;fs;> mwpahikgw;wpa ek;gpf;iffs; gaj;jhYk; mwpahikahYk; Vw;gLfpd;wd> ,g;gbahd ek;gpf;iffs; kdpjd; fhl;Lkpuhz;b tho;f;if thoe;j fhyj;jpy; Vw;gl;ljhFk;.  

fhl;Lkpuhz;b tho;f;if tho;e;j kdpjDf;F ,aw;if epfo;TfSf;Fupa fhuz fhupaq;fs; njupahJ ,Ue;jd. ,b> kpd;dy;> Gay;> #whtsp> kio> fpufzk;> thy;kPd;> fhl;Lj; jP> epyeLf;fk;> vupkiy> nts;sg; ngUf;F Nghd;w ,aw;if epfo;Tfis tpag;NghL ghHj;j Mjp kdpjd; gaj;jhy; eL eLq;fp FiffSf;Fs; Xb xspe;jhd;. kug; nghe;Jfspy; gJq;fp tho;e;jhd;.   

NkYk; ,aw;if mdHj;jq;fs; ahTk; jdf;F Nkyhd xU Mw;wyhy; Vw;gLtjhf epidj;J mjid topglTk; Muk;gpj;jhd;. mtw;iwj; jpUg;jpg; gLj;j ML> khL> Fjpiu> Nfhop Nghd;wtw;iwg; gypapl;lhd;. G+> fha;> fdp> ghy;> japH> Njd;> nghq;fy;> KWf;F> til> gzpahuk;> ghahrk;> Gf;if> Nkhjfk; Nghd;wtw;iwg; gilay; nra;jhd;.  

#upa topghL xU fhyj;jpy; vy;yh ,d kf;fsJ gz;ghl;bYk; fhzg;gl;lJ. Fwpg;ghf vfpg;jpaHfSf;Fr; #upaNd fz;fz;l nja;tkhf ,Ue;jJ. ,g;gbj;jhd; kdpjdpd; kdjpy; vz;zw;w flTs;fs;> nja;tq;fs;> Njtijfs; cw;gj;jpahfpd. ,jidg; ghujpahH- 

nks;sg; gy nja;tk; $l;b tsHe;J
    ntWk; fijfs; NrHj;Jg; - gy
fs;s kjq;fs; gug;Gjw; NfhH kiw
    fhl;lTk; ty;yPNuh? 

vd mwpNt nja;tk; vd;w ghlypy; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.  

md;iwa kdpjdpd; ifapy; Nty;> tpy;> mk;G> fy;> fj;jp Nghd;w MAjq;fs; ,Ue;jd. ,d;iwa kdpjdpd; ifapy; mZf;Fz;L> ePuff;Fz;L> epA+l;wd; Fz;Lfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.  

kdpjd; kdjstpy; mtd; ,d;Dk; fw;fhyj;jpNyNa tho;fpwhd;. ehfupfk; tsHr;rp mile;Jk; mijnahl;ba gz;ghl;L> r%f khw;wq;fs; mNj Ntfj;jpy; ,lk; ngwtpy;iy. md;iwa Fif thrpfisg; NghyNt ,d;iwa kdpjDk; NgusT mNj flTs;fisAk;  nja;tq;fisAk; NjtijfisAk; topgLfpwhd;. Md fhuzj;jpdhy;jhd; mwptpay; gl;ljhup $l "nrt;tha;f; Fw;wk;" cs;s jdJ kfspd; rhjfj;ij vLj;Jf;nfhz;L mNj nrt;tha;f; Fw;wKs;s khg;gps;isiaj; Njb miytijg; ghHf;fpNwhk;.

jpdkzp ehspjopy; xt;nthU nts;spf;fpoikAk; “fhyk; cq;fs; ifapy;' vd;w Nrhjplg; gFjp ntspaplg;gLfpwJ. mg; gFjpapy; thrfHfs; jq;fspd; Jd;g Jauq;fisf; $wp vd; f\;lk; jPUkh? gupfhuk; cz;lh? jpUkzk; eilngWkh?  Ntiy fpilf;Fkh? Neha; jPUkh? vd;nwy;yhk; Nfl;L vOJfpd;wdH.  mtw;wpy; xd;iw kl;L vLj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;.                                                                                                                                                                  #upaf; flTs;

Nrhjpl ek;gpf;if nfhz;l FLk;gg; ngz;Zf;F jpUkzj;Jf;F Kd; tof;fk; Nghy;  kzkfdJ rhjfj;NjhL nghUj;jk; ghHj;J> kpfg; nghUj;jkhd tud;> tho;T rpwg;ghf mikAk; 10 nghUj;jq;fspy; 9 rupahfg; nghUe;JfpwJ vd;nwy;yhk; NrhjplH nrhd;d gpwF ehs;> el;rj;jpuk;> ,yf;fpdk;> kq;fsfukhd Neuk; ghHj;Jg; nghpNahHfs; jpUkzk; nra;J itj;jhHfs;.  rpy Mz;L fope;J mg;ngz;  jpdkzp  (6-04-2001) Nrhjplg; gFjpf;Ff; fbjk; vOjp mDg;gpapUf;fpwhH. “vd; fztuhy; gytpjf; nfhLikf;F Mshf;fg;gl;l ehd; jw;NghJ 7 mfit kfDld; jdpj;J tho;e;J tUfpNwd;...... vd; f\;lk; jPUkh?” vd;W Nfl;bUf;fpwhH.   

NrhjplH; $wpagb mg; ngz;zpd; jpUkz tho;f;if rpwg;ghf mikahky; fztupd; rpj;jputijf;F cs;shfp ,Uf;fpwhH. ,jpypUe;jhtJ Nrhjplk; cz;ikah? NrhjplH $wpagb mg;ngz;zpw;F ey;tho;f;if mike;jjh? ,y;iynad;why; Nrhjplk; Gul;L vd;gijahtJ czu Ntz;lhkh?  

lhf;lH NfhT+H ,yq;ifg; gFj;jwpthsH fofj;jpd; jiytuhf ePz;l fhyk; gzpahw;wpdhH. mwptpaypd; mbg;gilapy; r%f khw;wq;fisf; nfhz;Ltu Kaw;rpj;jhH. kf;fsplk; gFj;jwpitg; gug;gg; ghLgl;lhH. kf;fs; vjidAk; gFj;jwpe;J Vw;fNth js;sNth Ntz;Lk; vd mwpTWj;jpdhH. ,e;j Cop mwptpaiyr; NrHe;jJ> mwptpay; xd;Nw khdpl Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;F mr;rhzpahf ,Uf;f KbAk; vd;W nrhd;dhH.                                                                                               

khdpl vz;zq;fis nrk;ikg;gLj;Jtjpy; mtH Bertrand Russell f;F mLj;j gbapy; ,Ue;jhH.

mLj;j fpoik  %lj;jdj;ij xopj;J gFj;jwpTr; RlH nfhSj;jpa lhf;lH Vg;ufhk; mtHfs; Times of India  nra;jp Vl;by; vOjpa Is Astrology Scientific?   (Nrhjplk; mwptpay; rhHe;jjh?) vd;w fl;Liuapd; jkpohf;fj;ij gbf;fyhk;.    


Nrhjplg; Gul;L (63)

NrhjplKk; ifNuifAk; rKjhaj;jpw;Fr; rhgf;NfL!  

“mbg;gilapy; gpioahd xU Nfhl;ghL ngUk;ghd;ikNahH ek;GfpwhHfs; vd;gjhNyh my;yJ rpy mwptpayhsHfSk; Gfo;tha;e;jtHfSk; ek;GfpwhHfs; vd;gjhNyh cz;ikahfp tplhJ.

 

Nrhjplf; fzpg;Gf;fs; gpioahd juTfspd; mbg;gilapy; nra;ag;gLfpd;wd.  xd;gJ Nfhs;fspy; (etf;fpufq;fs;) ma;e;Jjhd; cz;ikahd Nfhs;fs;.

 

kpFjp ehd;fpy; xd;W tpz;kPd; (QhapW)  xd;W Jizf;Nfhs; (epyh) kw;w ,uz;Lk; (,uhF NfJ) fw;gid my;yJ epoy;f; Nfhs;fs;.

 

,g;gbg; gpioahd jutpd; mbg;gilapy; vLf;fg;gLk; KbTfs; vg;gbr; rupahf ,Uf;f KbAk;? rhjfq;fs; xU Foe;ij gpwf;Fk;NghJ ,uhrp tl;lj;jpy; Nfhs;fspd; xg;gPl;L ,Uf;ifia itj;Nj fzpf;fg;gLfpwJ. Nfhs;fs;; Gtpapy; ,Ue;J Nfhbf;fzf;fhd fy;fSf;F mg;ghy; Qhapiw tyk; tUfpd;wd. tpz;kPd;fs; gj;J> EhW> Mapuk;> gj;jhapuk;> ,yf;fk;  xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghy; xspHe;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.  

NrhjplHfSf;F ,e;j cz;iknay;yhk; njupahJ. njupe;jhYk; mtw;iwf; fzf;fpy;  vLg;gjpy;iy. Nfhs;fs;> ,uhrp kz;lyq;fs;> tpz;kPd;fs; Mfpatw;wpd; cz;ikahd ,Uf;ifiaf; fzf;fpy; vLf;fhky; fz;zhy; ghHf;fpd;w fhl;rpia itj;Nj jq;fs; fzpg;igr; nra;fpwhHfs;.

 

NrhjplHfSf;F Nfhs;fs; el;rj;jpuq;fs; Mfpatw;wpd; cz;ikahd ,Uf;iffis thdpay; fzpg;Gf;fs; %yk; fzpj;J mwpAk; mwpTk; Mw;wYk; ,Uf;FNkahdhy; mtHfSf;Nf Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;jpy; cs;s ek;gpf;if Ngha;tpLk;!   

 

Nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; tpz;kPd;fspy; ,Ue;J Gwg;gLk; xsp Gtpia te;J Nru rpy kzpj;Jsp njhlq;fp gy ,yf;fk; Mz;Lfs; vLf;Fk; vd;gjhy; NrhjplHfs; fzpf;Fk; rhjfk; rpy kzpj;Jsp; njhlq;fp gy ,yf;fk; Mz;Lfs; gpioahf ,Uf;Fk;!

 

nfg;yH my;yJ fhHy; [q; (Carl Jung) Nrhjplj;ij ek;gpdhHfs; vd;w mbg;gilapy; mjid ek;GtJ nkhuh[p Njrha; Neha; nehb tuhJ ,Ug;gjw;F %j;jpuk; Fbj;jhH mijg;Nghy; kw;wtHfSk; %j;jpuk; Fbf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Kl;lhs;j;jdk; Nghd;wJ.  

 

G+[;Ny Nrhjplj;Jf;F vjpuhd fUj;Jf;fis vz;gpg;gJ mwptpayhsHfsJ nghWg;G vd;fpwhH. ,jidr; nra;tjw;Nf 15 Mz;L fhykhf ehd; tpLj;J tUk; miw$typy; Nrhjplk;> ifNuif ,uz;ilAk;  vdJ ml;ltizapy; cs;s  23 Fwpg;ngz;fspy; NrHj;Js;Nsd;. NkYk; ehd; itf;Fk; NjHtpy; 95 tpOf;fhL rupahd vjpHT$wy; (predictions) $WgtHfSf;F xU ,yf;fk; cUgh guprspg;gjhf mwptpj;Js;Nsd;.

 

ehd; G+[;Ny Nrhjplj;Jf;F vjpuhd fUj;Jf;fis vz;gpg;gJ my;yJ kWg;gJ mwptpayhsHfsJ nghWg;G vd;W $Wtij xj;Jf; nfhs;shtpl;lhYk; ehd; mjidr; nra;a Kd; te;jjw;Ff; fhuzk; NrhjplKk; ifNuifAk; Vida %lg;gof;fq;fisg; Nghy; rKjhaj;Jf;F xU rhgf;Nflhf mike;J tpl;lJ vd;gNj.

 

ehd; itf;Fk; NjHit vjpHnfhs;SkhW G+[;Ny xU Nrhjpliu my;yJ xU ifNuifr; rhj;jpupia xg;Gf; nfhs;SkhW Jhz;l KbAkh? ehd; ,g;gbahd NjHitg; gy jlit elj;jpapUf;fpNwd;.

 

NrhjplH rup> ifNuif rhj;jpup rup ntWkNd mDkhdpf;fpw rhjhuz kdpjHfistplr; rupahff; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;ytpy;iy vd;gij ehd; fz;bUf;fpNwd;! fil.rpahf ehd; ,g;gbahd NjHit ngg;utup 12> 1978 ,y; itj;Njd;.

 

,yq;if rz;Nl xg;NrtH (Sunday Observer) ehNsl;by; xU nra;jpiag; gbj;Njd;. ,yz;ldpy; Nrhjplj;ijj; njhopyhff; nfhz;L gzk; NjLk; xU ,yq;ifaH fhdhtpd; rdhjpgjpapd; ifNuif mr;irg; ghHj;J (palm print)  fhdh ehl;by; vq;nfy;yhk; vz;nza; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gijr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH vd;gJjhd; me;jr; nra;jp.

 

ehd; Nahrpj;Njd;>  ,e;j  kdpjH tpLKiwapy; ,yq;if tUk;NghJ =yq;fhtpy; vq;nfy;yhk; vz;nza; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij rdhjpgjp N[.MH. n[tHj;jdhtpd; ifiag; ghHj;J nrhy;y itf;fyhNk?

 

vdNt mNj ehNsl;bd; %yk; ifNuif Nrhjpl rhj;jpupahd iru]; mgaNfhd; (Cyrus Abeyakone) kw;Wk; ,yq;ifapy; cs;s NrhjplHfs; ifNuif rhj;jpupfs; vy;NyhUk; ngg;utup 12> 1978 md;W nfhOk;G  NjH];ud; fy;Yhup (Thurstan College, Colombo) ,y; elf;f ,Uf;Fk; NjHTf;Fj; Njhd;WkhW miw$ty; tpLj;Njd;.

 

Nghl;bahsHfSf;Ff; ftHr;rpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf tof;fk; Nghy 95 tpOf;fhL rupahf kWnkhop nrhy;gtHfSf;F xU ,yl;r cUgh gupR nfhLf;f Kd;te;Njd;. nra;jpNaLfspy; tof;fkhfg; gpwe;j ehs>; el;rj;jpuj;ij my;yJ ifNuifiag; ghHj;J gyd; nrhy;yg;gLk; vd ehNsLfspy; tpsk;guk; nra;Ak; NrhjplHfisAk; ,e;jj; NjHtpy; fye;J nfhs;SkhW miog;G tpLj;Njd;.

 

ehd;F Fwp nrhy;NthH (fortune-tellers) jhq;fs; NjHtpy; gq;Fgw;w tUtjhf mwptpj;jhHfs;. ma;e;jhk; Ms; njhiyNgrp %yk; jhd; NaR fpwpj;Jehjuplk; gpuhHj;jid nra;J Nehahspfisf; Fzg;gLj;Jtijg; gfpuq;fkhf vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;Ltjhfr; nrhd;dhH. gpuhHj;jid %yk; Neha; jPHg;gJ vdJ 32 Fwpg;ngz;fspy; (items) xd;nwd;gjhy; mtiuAk; tUkhW Nfl;Lf; nfhz;Nld;.

 

ngg;utup 12 Mk; ehs; epfo;r;rp njhlq;Ftjw;F Kd;dNu NjH];ud; fy;Yhup muq;F ghHitahsHfshy; epuk;gp tope;jJ. rupahf 5 kzpf;F epfo;r;rp Muk;gkhdJ. vdJ njhlf;f ciuapy; #dpak; kw;Wk; khake;jpuk; (witchcraft and occultism) ,uz;bd; Njhw;wk; mjd; gbkyHr;rp (evolution) gw;wpAk; vjw;fhf khake;jpuk; kw;Wk; mw;Gj Mw;wy; jq;fSf;F ,Ug;gjhff; $WgtHfSf;F vjpuhf epue;ju miw$tiy tpLf;fpNwd; vd;gijAk; tpsf;fpNdd;.

 

,jidj; njhlHe;J NrhjplHfisAk; ifNuif rhj;jpupfisAk; Nkilf;F te;J ,Uf;iffspy; cl;fhUkhW Nfl;Lf; nfhz;Nld;. Mdhy;> muq;fpy; gy Fwpnrhy;NthHfs;  (fortune-tellers ) ,Ue;jhYk; xU ifNuif rhj;jpupAk; Kd;dH $wpa ek;gpf;ifg; (%yk;) gpzp Nghf;fhsUk; (faith-healer)  kl;LNk Nkilf;F te;jhHfs;.  

 

nghJ kf;fSf;Fg; gyd; nrhy;yp khjk; cUgh 5000 ,y; ,Ue;J cUgh 10>000  tiu ciof;Fk; ,e;j Ml;fs; vdJ  ,yl;r cUgh gupir Vw;f Kd;tuhjjw;F  vd;d fhuzk; vd;gijg; mwpthspfshd thrfHfs; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;thHfs;.

 

,tHfs; vdJ gupirg; ngWtjw;F ve;j tha;g;Gk; ,y;iy. jq;fsJ nghl;Lf;NfL ntspahdhy; gpiog;Gf; nfl;LtpLk; vd;gjhy; mtHfs; typa tUkpliu (risk) vLf;f tpUk;gtpy;iy.

 

muq;fpy; ,Ue;j nghJkf;fspy; xUtH  Nkilf;F te;J kw;wtHfNshL ,Uf;ifapy; mkUkhW NflNld;.  Kjypy; ehd; gpzp Nghf;fhsiug; ghHitahsHfSf;F mwpKfg; gLj;jpNdd;. gpd;dH mtuplk; ehd; ifNuif rhj;jpupfSf;Fj; NjHT elj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ vdJ %f;fpd; mbg;ghfj;jpy; cs;s xU fWg;G kr;rj;ij (mole)  ePf;FkhW NaRehjuplk; njhlHe;J gpuhHj;jid nra;J nfhz;Nl ,Uq;fs; vd mtuplk; nrhd;Ndd;.

 

ehd; mtuplk; vdJ %j;jpug;igapy; cs;s Gw;iwf; Fzkhf;FkhW NaRehjuplk; gpuhHj;jpAq;fs; vd;W Nfl;bUf;fyhk;. Mdhy;> xU biopsy  %yk; Kbitf; fz;lwpe;J ghHitahsHfSf;Fj; njuptpg;gjw;F tha;g;gpy;yhjjhy; Kjy; topiaj; NjHe;njLf;f tpUk;gpNdd;.

 

ek;gpf;ifg; gpzpNghf;fhsH gpuhHj;jid nra;J nfhz;Nl ,Uf;f ehd; vdJ Nfhg;gpy; ,Ue;J ,uz;L ciwfis vLj;Njd;. mjpy; xd;wpy; ehd; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ljw;F ,zq;ff; fhty;Jiw gj;Jg; Nguplk; ,Ue;J vLj;j ,uz;L ngUtpuy; milahsq;fisf; nfhz;l Kj;jpiu ciw xd;iw vLj;Njd;.

 

mNj Nghy; nghWg;ghd fhty;Jiw mjpfhup xUtH cWjp nra;j me;jg; gj;Jg; NguJ ghy;> capUld; ,Uf;fpwhHfsh ,we;J tpl;lhHfsh vd;w juTfisj; njuptpf;Fk; ,d;ndhU ciwiaAk; vLj;Njd;.

 

me;jg; gj;Jg; NgUk; gpwe;j Mz;L> khjk;> ehs;> filrp kzpj;Jsptiu rupahd Neuk;> rupahd neLf;NfhL (longitude) rupahd FWf;Ff;NfhL (latitude)  gw;wpa juTfs; me;j ciwapy; ,Ue;jd.

 

,d;ndhU Kj;jpiuapl;l ciwapy; capNuhL ,Uf;Fk; my;yJ ,we;J NghapUe;jhy; mtHfsJ neUq;fpa cwtpdHfsplk; ,Ue;J cWjp nra;ag;gl;l juTfs; ,Ue;jd.

 

ehd; Kjy; ciwapd; Kj;jpiuia cilj;J mjpy; ,Ue;j ,yf;fk; ,lg;gl;l gj;Jg; NguJ ifNuif mr;Rfis (palm-prints) Kjypy; ifNuif rhj;jpupaplKk; gpd;dH me;jg; nghJkfdplKk; nfhLj;Njd;. mtHfs; nfhLf;fg;gl;l jhspy; me;jg; gj;Jg; Ngupy; ahH Mz;fs;> ahH ngz;fs;> ahH capNuhL ,Uf;fpwhHfs;> ahH ,we;J tpl;lhHfs; vd;gijf; Fwpf;FkhW Nfl;Nld;.

 

muq;fpy; ,Ue;j ,uz;L nra;jpahsHfs; Nkilf;F mioj;J fhty;Jiw mjpfhup nfhLj;j juNthL xg;gpl;Lg; ghHj;J rupahd kWnkhopiaf; fzf;fpLkhW Nfl;Nld;.

 

ifNuif rhj;jpup 30 tpOf;fhL>  nghJkfd; 20 tpOf;fhL rupahd gjpy; vOjpapUe;jhHfs;. ehd; NkYk; rpy nghJkfd;fisf; $g;gpl;bUe;jhy; mtHfspy; rpyH Fiwe;jJ 50 tpOf;fhL ntw;wp ngw;wpUg;gH. ve;jg;  NgadhYk; me;jsT tpOf;fhl;ilg; ngw KbAk;.

 

vdJ fWg;G kr;rk;> &gh xU ,yl;rk; ,uz;Lk; ,d;Dk; vd;dplk; gj;jpukhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. gj;Jg; NguJ gpwg;Gj; juTfisf; nfhz;l Kj;jpiuapl;l ciwia NtnwhU Kiw gad;gLj;Jtjw;F vd;NdhL itj;jpUf;fpNwd;.

 

cs;SH nra;jpj; jhs;fspy; ,e;jj; NjHtpd; KbTfs; gw;wp mLj;j ehs; ngupjhfr; nra;jp ntsp te;jJ.  ,J kf;fs; kj;jpapy; xU eykhd jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpaJ. gy FwpfhuHfs; thbf;iffhuHfs; ,y;yhky; filia %bdhHfs;. Mdhy;> ,g;gbahd topKiwfs; %yk; mk;gyg;gLj;jpdhYk; ,e;jr; rKjha xl;Lzpfis (social parasites) xopf;f KbahJ. fhuzk; mtHfsplk; gyd; Nfl;gjw;F rpy Vkhe;j Nrhzfpupfs; njhlHe;J  ,Uf;fNt nra;thHfs;.    

 

xf;];NghHl; gy;fiyf; fofg; gl;ljhupahd gpujkH v];..lgps;A+.MH..b. gz;lhuehaf;f jdJ gjtp Vw;G epfo;r;rpiaf; FLk;g Nrhjplupd; mwpTiuf;F Vw;g 30 kzpj;Jsp  js;sp itj;jhH. mg;gb mtH ey;y K$Hj;jj;jpy; gjtp Vw;G cWjpnkhopia nra;J nfhz;lhYk; jdJ gjtpf; fhyk; KbA Kd;dNu Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH.

 

,Ue;Jk; njhlHe;Jk;  ,yq;if - ,e;jpa gpujkHfs;> FbauRj; jiytHfs; Nghypr; NrhjplHfs; fzpj;Jf; nfhLf;Fk; ey;y Neuj;jpy;jhd; gjtp Vw;G cWjpnkhopiar; nra;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;.

 

vdJ nja;tPf mw;Gjq;fs; mk;gyg;gLj;Jk; gug;Giuapd; (Divine Miracles Exposure Campaign ) NghJ ehd; gq;fSiur; NrHe;j gp.tp. ,uhkDf;F xU fbjk; vOjpNdd;. mjpy; gq;fSupy; ehd; nra;Ak; nrhw;nghopT xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;SkhWk; ehd; tpLj;Js;s miw$tiy Vw;Wr; Nrhjplj;jpd; %yk; vjpHfhyg; gyd;fisf; $wKbAk; vd;gijg; nghJ kf;fSf;F vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;LkhWk; Nfl;bUe;Njd;.

 

,uhkd; jhd; elj;jpa Nrhjpl rQ;rpif  %yk; ngUk; gzk; jpul;bapUe;jhH. gq;fSiur; Rw;wp vl;Lg; nghJf; $l;lq;fspy; ehd; NgrpdhYk; mjpy; xd;Wf;Ff; $l mtH tutpy;iy.

 

fhuzk; xU mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; elj;jg;gLk; NjHtpy; fye;J nfhs;tJ vt;tsT Mgj;jhdJ vd;gij mwpAk; Gj;jprhypj;jdk; mtUf;F ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ vd;gJjhd;.

 

'Nrhjplk; xU %lek;gpf;if vd;w $w;iw vz;gpf;f mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; Kaw;rp vJTk; eilngwtpy;iy' vd;W nrhy;Yk; G+[;Ny jhNd gp.tp. ,uhkid mj;jifa NjHTf;F cl;gLj;jp ,e;jg; Guhjd topghl;L Kiwapd; (Ancient cult)   ntw;Wg; Gide;Jiuiag; gw;wpa ek;gpf;ifia cWjpg;gLj;jyhNk?'

 

NfhT+H ,t;thW jdJ fl;Liuia Kbj;jpUe;jhH. 

 

vkJ ghy; ntsp kz;lyk; gw;wp Kd;dNu (Gul;L 25) Fwpg;gpl;Ls;Nsd;. ghy; ntsp kz;lyk; vd;gJ gy Nfhb el;rj;jpuq;fs;> thA> Jhrp ,tw;wpd; njhFg;ghFk;. mz;lj;jpy; vkJ ghy; ntsp kz;lyj;ijg; Nghy; 10>000 - 20>000 Nfhb ghy; ntsp kz;lyq;fs; cs;sd. xt;nthU ghy; ntsp kz;lyj;jpYk; 50>000 Nfhb el;rj;jpuq;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. vkJ ghy; ntsp kz;lyk; RUs; (spiral)  tbthdJ.

 

Mw;wy; tha;e;j njhiyNehf;fp %yk; mz;lj;ijg; ghHj;jjpy; 1>200 xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghYs;s nghUs;fs; njupe;jd. ,J ,e;j mz;lk; Njhd;wpa njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wpa kpfg; ngupa cUg;gbfshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; Nghy; njupfpwJ. mz;lk; Njhd;wp 1>300 Nfhb Mz;Lfs; vd;W fzpj;jpUg;gjhy; mjid xsp Ntfj;jhy; ngUf;f (13>000>000>000 x 300>000 = 39>000>000>000>000>000 fpilf;Fk; vz;Nz mz;lj;jpd; ghHitf;F cl;gl;l gFjp vd;W itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mjw;F mg;ghy; mz;lk; cs;sjh vd;gJ ahUf;Fk; njupahJ. ,Ue;jhYk; mwpaTk; KbahJ. Nkw; $wpa 39.00 vd;w vz;izNa mz;lj;jpd; gug;ghf vLj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk.

 

mz;lk; vd;d nghUshy; MdJ? 4 tpOf;fhL mZf;fshy; MdJ. mjhtJ vkJ Gtpapy; fhzg;gLk; epyk;> ePH> fhw;W> neUg;G vd;w %yfq;fspdhy; MdJ. vQ;rpaJ 73 tpOf;fhL ,Us; Mw;wy; (Dark energy) 23 tpOf;fhL ,Us; nghUs; (Dark matter) MFk;.

 

mz;lj;jpd; ‘mfit’ 1300.7 Nfhb Mz;Lfs; vdj; jpUj;jkhff; fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J 1 tpOf;fhL Kd;gpd; gpiof;ff; $Lk;. Kd;dH 800-2>000 Nfhb Mz;Lfs;  ,Uf;Fk; vd vz;zg;gl;lJ.  ngU ntbg;gpd; gpd;dH 20 Nfhb Mz;lstpy; el;rj;jpuq;fs; Njhd;wpd. Kd;ida kjpg;gPLfs; 50-100 Nfhb Mz;L vdf; fzpf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

vkJ  Qhapiwr; Rw;wp 30>000 Mapuk; FWq;Nfhs;fSk; (meteoroids) 100>000 kpy;ypad; (1000 Nfhb) thy;nts;spfSk; (comets) tyk; tUfpd;wd.  

 

vkJ QhapW ghy; ntsp kz;lyj;jpd; ikaj;jpy; ,Ue;J 30>000 xsp Mz;Lf;F ,g;ghy; ,Uf;fpwJ. xU xsp Mz;L vd;gJ xsp tpehbf;F 186>000 fw;fs; (300>000 fpkP) Ntfj;jpy; XH Mz;L nry;Yk; njhiythFk;. mjhtJ 6>000>000>000>000 (6 trillion) fw;fs; my;yJ 9>500>000>000>000 fpkP MFk;. vkJ QhapWf;F mLj;J ,Uf;Fk; fpl;lb el;rj;jpuk;  Alpha Centauri MFk;.  mJ 4.35 xsp Mz;Lfs; njhiytpy; my;yJ 270>000 klq;F njhiytpy; cs;sJ. (Gul;L 28)

 

Vuhskhd thrfHfs; vz;rhj;jpuk; gw;wp vOJkhW Nfl;bUf;fpwhHfs;. Nrhjplg; Gul;bd; jk;gp Kiwahd vz;rhj;jpug; Gul;Lg; gw;wp mLj;j mjpfhuj;jpy; vOJNtd;.

 

 

 


 

 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L (64)

 

Vkhspfspd; jiyapy; kpsfha; miuf;Fk; NrhjplHfs;!

 

vz; Nrhjplk; vd;why; vd;d? ,J xt;nthU Nrhjpliug; nghWj;jJ! jl;];jkpo; vd;w ,iza jsk; vz; Nrhjplj;Jf;Fj; je;jpUf;Fk; tiutpyf;fzk; ,J:    

 

',J kpfg; goikahd N[hjpl Kiw. ePq;fs; nra;a Ntz;baJ ,Jjhd;. fz;fis %bf; nfhz;L 3 vz;fis kl;Lk; epidAq;fs;. mij vq;fs; N[hjpluplk; nrhy;Yq;fs;. cq;fspd; gpur;rpidiaAk; NjitiaAk; nrhy;Yq;fs.; ePq;fs; nrhd;d vz;fis itj;Nj cq;fs; vjpHfhyj;ijf; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;thH. ve;jf; fhy msTf;F (thuq;fs;> khjq;fs;> tho;ehs;...) N[hjplk; fzpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; Fwpg;gplTk;.

 

ePq;fs; nfhLj;j vz;fspd; mbg;gilapy; ePq;fs; Fwpg;gpl;l gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPHitAk; cq;fs; vjpHfhyj;ijAk; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;thH. ePq;fs; Nfl;l fhy msTf;F Vw;wthW N[hjplk; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;yg;gLk;.

 

    1) %d;W khj fzpg;Gf;F       -  8 m. nlhyH my;yJ ,. cUgh 480

    2) xU tUlfhy fzpg;Gf;F     - 12 m. nlhyH my;yJ ,. cUgh 720

    3) MAl;fhy fzpg;Gf;F        - 30 m. nlhyH my;yJ ,. cUgh 1>800

 

,e;jr; Nrhjplupd; ngaH Ntj gz;bjH rptypq;f Rthkp. fle;j 18 Mz;Lfsha; N[hjplf; fiyapy; <Lgl;L tUgtH. Jy;ypakha; vjpHfhyj;ijf; fzpg;gjpy; ty;ytH. kzg; nghUj;jk;> N[hbg; nghUj;jq;fisf; fzpg;gjpy; kpfTk; ty;ytH. [hjfk; vOJtjpy; Kd;dzpapy; ,Uf;Fk; N[hjplH.

 

cq;fsJ gpur;rpidfs;> re;Njfq;fis vq;fs; N[hjplUf;F <-nkapy; %yk; mDg;gyhk;.

 

Nfs;tpfs; vJ njhlHghfTk; ,Uf;fyhk; (cly; eyk;> Ntiyapy;yh gpur;rpid> nry;tk;...)

 

cq;fSf;F ve;jf; fhy fl;lk; tiu (ve;j khjk; tiu> ehs; tiu...) fzpg;G Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; njuptpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

vq;fs; N[hjplUf;F fPo;f;fz;l  3 tptuq;fisj; je;jhy; NghJk;.

 

    1) gpwe;j Njjp (ehs;-khjk;-Mz;L)

    2) gpwe;j Neuk;

    3) gpwe;j ,lk;

 

cyfpd; gy ghfq;fspy; trpf;Fk; kf;fs; ,tuJ MNyhridfshy; ngUk; gad; mile;J tUfpd;wdH. cly;eyg; gpur;rpidfs;> rl;lr; rpf;fy;fs;> fld; njhy;iyfs;> Ntiy tha;g;Gf;fs;> Ntiyapy;yhg; gpur;rpidfs;> js;spg; NghFk; jpUkzq;fs; vdg; gy tplaq;fs; Fwpj;Jk; ,tuplk; MNyhridfs; ngwyhk;.'

 

,tuJ Nritia gad;gLj;jpg; gyd; ngw tho;j;Jf;fs; vd jl;]; ,izajsk; gupe;Jiu nra;Js;sJ.

 

N[hbg; nghUj;jk;> mjpH\;lf; fy;> gupfhuk;> re;Njfq;fs;> [hjfk; vOjy;> vz; N[hjplk; ,tw;why; gydile;jtHfs; nrhy;tJ vd;d?

 

'N[hjplupd; gupe;Jiufspy; cs;s vspikapy; ehd; mre;J NghNdd;! gupfhuq;fs; njhlHghd N[hjplupd; Nahridfs; vd;idf; ftHe;jd. fpl;lj;jl;l vy;yh gpur;rpidfSf;FNk ,tuplk; jPHTfs; ,Ug;gij ehd; czHe;Njd;' vd;fpwhH tpda;.

 

'midtUf;FNk VjhtJ gpur;rpidfs; ,Ue;J nfhz;L jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Mdhy;> kfpo;r;rpahfTk; kd mikjpAlDk; tho;tJ mtutH iffspy; jhd; vd;fpwhH N[hjplH. ehd; kdr; NrhHtilAk; Neuj;jpy; vy;yhk; mtiuj;jhd; njhlHG nfhs;fpNwd;> gpur;rpidiar; nrhy;fpNwd;> mtH vd; gpur;rpidfis mikjpAld; Nfl;fpwhH> Nahridfs; nrhy;fpwhH> mtupd; MNyhridfs; vdf;F kdjpy; mikjpia gug;Gtij czHfpNwd;' vd;fpwhH ];Ujp.

 

,g;gb thbf;ifahsHfsplk; ,Ue;J tUtJ Nghy ew;rhd;wpjo;fs; jahupj;Jg; ngupjhf tpsk;guk; nra;tJ thzpf je;jpukhFk;.

 

,d;ndhU NrhjplH ngaH  gpN[d; jhUthyh. ,tH nghJf; Nfs;tp> fhjy; jpUkzk;> rpwg;G Nrhjplk;> rhjfk;> K$Hj;jk;> Xuhz;L gyd; Mfpatw;wpy; 'tpw;gd;dH.'

 

'gpN[d; jhUthyh  cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j N[hjpl tpw;gd;dH> ,e;jpa ghuk;gupa N[hjplj;ijAk;> Nkw;fj;jpa N[hjplf; fiyfisAk; fw;WzHe;J Jy;ypakha; vjpHfhyj;ijf; fzpg;gtH!

 

cq;fSf;F tpjp ,Ue;jhy; xopa fhjy; mike;JtplhJ vd;gij kwf;fhjPHfs;! fhjy; cd;djkhdJ> mjpy; cq;fSf;F ntw;wp fpilj;jpLkh?

 

cq;fs; ,UtUf;Fk; Fz;lyp nghUj;jk; (nghWj;jk; vd;W gpioahf vOjg;gl;bUf;fpwJ) vg;gb ,Uf;fpwJ? jpUkzj;Jf;F Kd;Ng mijj; njupe;J nfhs;tJ tho;T nropj;jpl cjTNk?;

 

ePq;fs; epidj;j tud; mike;Jtpl;ljhf epidf;fpwPHfsh? ,e;j tud; nghUj;jkha; ,Uf;Fkh vd;w Nfs;tp cq;fisj; Jisj;njLf;fpwjh?

 

jpUkzg; ge;jj;jpy; rpf;fyh? epidj;Jg; ghHj;jpuhj gpur;rpidfs; jiyfhl;Lfpwjh? cq;fspd; Ntiy tha;g;G vg;gb ,Uf;fpwJ? vjpHfhyk; vd;d nrhy;fpwJ?

 

tho;tpd; mbg;gilNa cly; eyd;jhd;. mJ vg;gb ,Uf;Fk; vd;w ftiyah?

 

Foe;ij ghf;fpaj;Jf;F tha;g;Gz;lh? vj;jid fhyk; fhj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;? nra;Ak; njhopy; vg;gb ,Uf;Fk;? cq;fSf;F Vw;w njhopy; vJ?

 

nghUshjhu epiy ke;jkhfNt cs;sjh? ey;y fhyk; vg;NghJjhd; tUk;? epjp epiyiar; rup nra;a vd;djhd; top?

 

tPL> mghHl;nkz;l;> epyk;> fhH vd fdTfs; tpupaf; fhj;jpUf;fpwPHfsh? mit vg;NghJ rhj;jpag;gLk;?

 

cq;fSf;F ,Jtiu [hjfk; vOjg;gltpy;iyah? ftiy Ntz;lhk;! mbg;gil tptuq;fisf; nfhLq;fs;. cq;fs; [hjfk; jahH!

 

ey;y fhupaq;fis ey;y Neuj;jpy; nra;tJjhNd rup?  ePq;fs; ve;j ehl;by; ,Ue;jhYk; rup. ey;y Neuk; Fwpj;Jj; jug;gLk;.

 

,e;j Mz;L cq;fSf;F vd;dnty;yhk; itj;jpUf;fpwJ? vd;dnty;yhk; jug;NghfpwJ? ,j;jid Nfs;tpfSf;Fk; gpN[d; jhUthyh tpehafupd; mUshrpAld; Muha;e;J Jy;ypakhfg; gjpy; jUthH;!

 

vy;yhg; gpur;rpidf;Fk; jPHT ,Uf;fpwJ. cq;fs; gpur;rpidiar; nrhy;Yq;fs;. gpN[d; cjTthH. ,iwtd; mUshy; mijf; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;yf; fhj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

jPtpu tpehafupd; gf;juhd ,e;j gpN[d; jhUthyh %ykha; cq;fSf;F N[hjpl Nritfs; toq;Ftjpy; jl;];jkpo;.fhk; ngUik nfhs;fpwJ.'  

 

    xt;nthU Nfs;tpf;Fk; fl;lzk;            -      ,. cUgh 750

    Kjy; Mz;Lg; gyDf;F (rpwg;G Nrhjplk;)    -      ,. .cUgh 1>250

    ,uz;L Mz;L                         -      ,. cUgh 2>500

    %d;W Mz;L                          -      ,. .cUgh 3>500

    ehd;F Mz;L                          -      ,. .cUgh 4>500.

 

,e;jr; Nrhjplupd; ngaiug; (gpN[d;) ghHj;jhy; tl ehl;Lr; NrhjplH Nghy; njupfpwJ. cyfk; KOJk; ,Uf;fpw ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd Vkhspfspy; xU ehspy; gj;Jg; NguhtJ ,e;jr; NrhjplHfs; NghLk; Jhz;biyf; ft;tpdhy; NghJk;! mg;Gwk;  NrhjplH tPl;by; fhR kiojhd;! ehshe;j tUkhdk; rpy Mapuj;ij vl;btpLk;!

 

,d;ndhU NrhjplH ,e;jpa cUghapYk; mnkupf;f nlhyupYk; fl;lzj;ijg; Nghl;Ls;shH. ,tH ngaH = rptFkhH ehadhH. Nrhjplk; cstpay; ,uz;bYk; gl;lk; ngw;wpUf;fpwhH. gd;dpuz;L tajpy; ,Ue;J vz; rhj;jpuk;> th];J> njypgjp> rpj;j kUj;Jtk; nra;J tUfpwhH. ,Ugj;njhU tajpy; jdpahfj; jQ;irapy; ehb Nrhjplk; ghHj;Jg; gyd; nrhd;dtH.

 

nghJ thrpg;Gf;F ,. .cUgh 2>221 (m.nlhyH 46) fy;tp kw;Wk; nghUs;> cld;gpwg;Gf;fs;> Foe;ijfs;> Neha; nehb> jpUkzg; nghUj;jk; xt;nthd;Wf;Fk;  ,. cUgh 4>333 (m.nlhyH 91) fl;lzk;.

 

xU ehisf;F 2 ehb rhj;jpuk; nrhd;dhNy Nrhjplupd; xU ehs; tUkhdk; 182 m. nlhyH (cUgh 8>666) vl;b tpLk;!

 

mwptpay; fz;L gpbj;j fzpdp kw;Wk; ,izajsk; Clhf ,e;jr; NrhjplHfs; vjpHfhyk; gw;wpa kf;fsJ ,ay;ghd ftiyiaAk; gaj;ijAk; klikiaAk;  gad;gLj;jp mtHfis Va;j;Jg; gpiof;fpwhdH.  

 

vdf;F xd;W kl;Lk; tpsq;ftpy;iy. kw;wtHfsJ rpf;fy;fSf;F vy;yhk; if Edptpuypy; jPHTfis itj;jpUf;Fk; ,e;jr; NrhjplHfs; Kjypy; jq;fs; rpf;fy;fis> Fwpg;ghf gzKilia> Vd; jPHj;J itf;ftpy;iy?  gzKil ,Ug;gjhy;jhNd ,e;jf; Nftykhd Nrhjplj; njhopiyr; nra;fpwhHfs;! kw;wtHfSf;Fr; nra;Ak; ahfk;> rhe;jp> fpuf gupfhuk;> jhaj;J> etuj;jpdf; fy;> ae;jpuk;> Nkhjpuk;> fhg;G Kjypatw;iwj; jq;fSf;Fr; nra;J rPUk; rpwg;GlDk; tho;tJjhNd? mg;gbr; nra;jhy; fl;Lf; fl;lhf Xiyr; Rtbfisr; Rke;J nfhz;L fdlh> mnkupf;fh vd;W tpkhdk; Vwpg; gwf;f Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iyNa? Vd; nra;atpy;iy? 

 

Nrhjplj;ijtpl vz; rhj;jpuk; mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; xU njhw;W Neha; Nghy; jkpo; kf;fsplk; gutp tUfpwJ. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; mjd; vspikjhd;. xd;W njhlf;fk; 22 tiu $l;lf; fopf;fj; njupe;jtHfs; vy;yhk; jq;fis vz; NrhjplHfs; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L filia tpupf;fyhk;!

 

fpNuf;f fzpjtpayhsH igjhnfhwh];jhd;  (Pythagoras-BC 580-500)  ,e;j vz; rhj;jpuj;jpuj;ij Kjypy; cUthf;fpdhH vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

,tHjhd; xw;iw ,ul;il vz;fs;> Kf;Nfhz vz;fs;> epiwthd (perfect) vz;fs; vd vz;fis tifg;gLj;jpatH.

 

vz;fSf;Fj; nja;thk;rk; kw;Wk; jdp MSik cz;nldTk; mtH ek;gpdhH. xt;nthU vz;Zf;Fk; ghy; Ntw;Wik (Mz;> ngz;) epiwthd my;yJ epiwtw;w> mofhd my;yJ myq;Nfhykhd Fzhk;rq;fisf; fw;gpj;jhH.

 

kpfTk; rpwe;j vz; (1 2 3 4  = 10) gj;J vd;Wk; mjidf; Fw;Wf;fshf vOJk; NghJ epiwthd Kf;Nfhz tbtkhf mikAk; vdf; $wpdhH.

 

,d;iwa fzpjtpaypy; ,e;jj; nja;thk;rk; my;yJ khaf; Nfhl;ghL epuhfupf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. Mdhy;> mjd; vr;rnrhr;rk; ghku kf;fsplk; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

 

vz; rhj;jpuj;jpy; 11 vz;fisg; gad;gLj;jp gyd; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. me;j vz;fs; 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  11  22 MFk;.

 

xUtuJ gpwe;j jpfjp my;yJ jpfjpNahL ngaiuAk; NrHj;J mtw;Wf;Fupa vz;fs; xJf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j vz;fisf; $l;b mjd; ngWNgW  9 f;F Nky; tUkhdhy; mij NkYk; $l;b xw;iw ,yf;fj;jpw;Ff; Fiwf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

Ngnuz;fshd 11> 22 ,jw;F tpjp tpyf;F. mit  2 (1 + 1) 4 ( 2  + 2) vz;fis tplr; rpwe;jit my;yJ <lhdit vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ.

 

xt;nthU vz;Zk; ntt;NtW Fzhk;rq;fisAk; gz;GfisAk; Fwpf;fpd;wd. vz;fs; 11> 22 Nky;gbg;Gf;Fupa tha;g;igAk; kw;Wk; (my;yJ) cisr;ryhd xU #oypy; rhjid <l;LjiyAk; fhl;Lfpd;wd vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.  

 

 


 

 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L (65)

 

gpwg;Gf;Fk; ngaUf;Fk; vz;Zf;Fk; cwNt ,y;iy!

 

vz; rhj;jpuj;jpy; xUtuJ gpwe;j jpfjpjhd; Kf;fpakhdJ. mJ khjk;> ehs>; Mz;L vd;w tupirapy; itj;Jf; fzf;fplg;gLfpwJ. mjid tho;f;ifg; ghij (life-path) vd miof;fpd;wdH.   

 

xUtH gpwe;jNghJ gjpT nra;j ngaH vz;zhf khw;wg;gLfpwJ. xt;nthU vz;Zk; ve;j vOj;Jf;fspd; ngWNgw;iwf; Fwpf;fpwJ vd;gJ fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

      1     2       3        4      5      6        7        8          9

         

     A      B      C       D      E       F      G       H         I

          J       K       L      M     N      O      P       Q         R

          S      T      U       V     W      X      Y       Z

 

,e;jpa vz; NrhjplHfs; xt;nthU vz;Zf;Fk; xt;nthU Nfhis xJf;fpg; gyd; nrhy;fpd;wdH.  vz;fs; ve;j mbg;gilapy; xJf;fg;gLfpwJ vd;gJ nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy. mtHfSf;Fj; njupAkh vd;gJk; ma;aNk.

 

    1   -  QhapW

    2   -  NfJ

    3   -  FU

    4   -  ,uhF

    5   -  Gjd; 

    6   -  Rf;fpud; (nts;sp)

    7   -  re;jpud;

    8   -  rdp

    9   -  nrt;tha;

 

,g;NghJ vz;Nrhjpl mbg;gilapy;  xUtuJ gpwe;j jpfjpia itj;J vz;izf; fzpj;Jg; ghHg;Nghk;.

 

xUtH bnrk;gH 14> 1968 ,y; gpwe;jjhf itj;Jf;nfhs;Nthk;.  khjk; 3 (1 + 2) ehs; 5 (1 + 4) kw;Wk; Mz;L 6 (1 + 9 + 6 + 8 = 24. kPz;Lk; 2 + 4 = 6.

 

Kjy; miw$ty; (challenge)  gpwe;j khjj;Jf;Fk; gpwe;j ehSf;Fk; cs;s Ntw;Wikiaf; fhzy;. ,J 5 - 3 = 2.

 

,uz;lhtJ miw$ty;  gpwe;j ehs; gpwe;j Mz;L ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s Ntw;Wikiaf; fhzy;. ,J 6 - 5 = 1.

 

,Wjp miw$ty; Nkw; fhl;ba Kjy; miw$tYf;Fk; ,uz;lhk; miw$tYf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s Ntw;Wik. ,J 2 - 1 = 1.

 

Kjy; miw$ty; xUtuJ Kjy;g;; ghjp tho;f;ifg; ghijia KbT nra;fpwJ. ,uz;lhtJ miw$ty; kPjp tho;f;ifg; ghijia KbT nra;fpwJ. ,Wjp miw$ty; KO tho;f;ifapy; Vw;glf;$ba gytPdj;ijAk; rpf;fy;fisAk; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

,t;thW vz;fSf;F Mq;fpy mfutupiria xJf;FtJk; Nfhs;fis xJf;FtJk; mtw;Wf;F Fzhk;rq;fs; fw;gpf;fg;gLtJk; vz; NrhjplHfshy; tpjpf;fl;Lg;ghbd;wp (arbitrary) nra;ag;gLfpd;wd vd;gJ ed;F GydhFk;. mbg;gil gpionad;why; mjd; fPo; vLf;fg;gLk; KbTfSk; gpioahfNt ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ tha;g;ghlhFk;.    

 

rpyH ngaiu tpl;L tpl;Lg; gpwe;j jpfjpia itj;Nj gyd; nrhy;fpd;wdH. ,d;Dk; rpyH gpwe;j ehis itj;Nj gyd; nrhy;yptpLfpd;wdH! ,jdhy;jhd; ,d;W ahH kPJ ePq;fs; jLf;fp tPo;e;jhYk; mtH xU vz; Nrhjpluhf ,Uf;fpw tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ!

 

Nrhjplk; NghyNt vz; Nrhjplj;jpYk; Nfhl;ghL gw;wp xj;j fUj;jpy;iy. rpyH 1-9 vz;fis itj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;fpd;wdH.  rpyH 1-8 vz;fis kl;Lk; itj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. ,d;Dk; rpyH 11> 22 vz;fisAk; NrHj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

 

vz;Nrhjplj;jpy; xUtH gpwe;jTld; itj;j ngaNu Kf;fpakhdJ. mJjhd; mtuJ jiytpjpia jPHkhdpf;fpwjhk;. ,ilapy; mtH ngaiu khw;wpdhy; mJ mtuJ jw;Nghija MSikia jPHkhdpf;fpwjhk;. Mdhy;> ,Jgw;wp elj;jpa Ma;Tfs; ,e;j ek;gpf;iffis nka;g;gpf;ftpy;iy.  

 

vz; NrhjplHfs; ,g;gbg; gpwe;j jpfjpiaAk; ngaiuAk; $l;b tUfpw vz; miyajpHTfis (vibrations) vOg;Gtjhfr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

 

vz;fSf;F miyajpHTfs; cz;lh? vz;fs; nja;tPf rf;jpapd; ntspg;ghlh? ,d;d vz;Zf;F ,d;d gyd; vd;W ahH tFj;jhHfs;? vd;d mbg;gilapy; tFj;jhHfs;?

 

,e;jf; Nfs;tpfSf;F vz;NrhjplHfs; nrhy;Yk; tpil ',e;j vz;rhj;jpuk; kha ke;jpuk; rhHe;j xU nja;tPff; fiy.  ehq;fs; nrhy;Yk; gyd; rupah gpioah vd;W xUKiw Nrhjpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;! mg;NghJ cz;ik njupAk;" vd;fpwhHfs;! Mdhy;> NtW rpyH vz;Nrhjplk; mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; mike;j fiy vd;fpwhHfs;! vz;fis itj;Jf; nfhz;L-

 

    1) xUtuJ Fzk;> eil> jpwik> tho;f;ifapd; Nehf;fk;> Jizia vg;gbj; NjHe;njLf;f Ntz;Lk;?

 

    2) ve;j efuj;jpy; ve;j tPl;by; FbapUf;f Ntz;Lk;?

 

    3) vg;NghJ epyGyk; thq;f Ntz;Lk;?

 

    4) vg;NghJ KjyPL nra;a Ntz;Lk;?

 

    5) gazk; nra;tjw;Fupa rpwe;j ehs; vJ?

 

    6) GJ thzpfk; vg;NghJ njhlq;f Ntz;Lk;?

 

    7) vg;NghJ mWit itj;jpaj;ij itj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;?

 

vd;gij vy;yhk; jq;fshy; fzpj;Jf; $w KbAk; vd;fpwhHfs;.

 

Rw;wpAk; Rw;wpAk; Rg;gUila Nfhbf;Fs; vd;gJ Nghy cyfj;jpy; ,d;W thOk; 600 Nfhb kf;fis 9 vz;fspy; vz;NrhjplHfs; mlf;fp tpLfpwhHfs;. ,jdhy;  mz;zsthf xNu vz;zpy; cs;s 66.6 Nfhb kf;fsJ tpjp xNukhjpup ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;! mg;gb ,Uf;fpwjh? ,Uf;f KbAkh? mJ rhj;jpakh? vz; Nrhjplk; ghhg;gtHfs; ,tw;iw Vd; vz;zpg; ghHg;gjpy;iy?

 

vz;NrhjplHfs; muhgpf; vz;fisg; gad; gLj;Jtij XusT epahag;gLj;jyhk;. mJ cyfpy; cs;s ngUk;ghd;ik kf;fshy; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy;> Mq;fpy mupr;Rtbiag; gad; gLj;JtJ ve;jtifapy; epahak;? Mq;fpy nkhop NgRNthH njhifiatpl ,e;jp> rPd nkhop NgRNthH njhif cyfpy; mjpfk; Mapw;Nw?

 

Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; ,e;jpa vz;NrhjplHfs; $l Mq;fpy mupr;Rtbiaj;jhd; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdH.  ,J vz;rhj;jpuk; kpf kpf mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

vz;fisg; gw;wpa %lek;gpf;if vy;yhg; gz;ghl;bYk; ,Ue;J te;Js;sJ. ,d;Wk; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.

 

,uz;L (2)  rPdnkhopapy; (Cantonese) 'Rygk;' vd;gJ Nghy; xypf;fpwJ. mNj Neuk; 24 vz; 'Rygkhfr; rhjy;' vd;gJ Nghy; xypf;fpwJ.

 

ehd;F (4) rPd ag;ghdpa gz;ghl;by; Ngh$o; (unlucky)  vz;zhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. fhuzk; me;j vz;iz xypf;Fk; nghOJ rhT vd;w xypNghy; xypf;fpwJ. vdNt rPdH 4 vz; tUk; tPl;il thq;Ftjpy;iy. khwhfj;  jkpoH gz;ghl;by; 4 gw;wpa gak; vJTk; ,y;iy.

 

VO (7) gy gz;ghl;by; Ngh$o;  (Unlucky) vz;zhfNt fUjg;gLfpwJ. jkpoupil ,e;j vz; jPikahd vz;zhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. Vopy; nrt;tha; Njhrkhf vz;zg;gLfpwJ. Voiur; rdpad; xUtiu miyf;Fk; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

 

vl;L (8) rPdH ag;ghdpaH ,UghyhuhYk; M$o; (lucky)   vz;zhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. fhuzk; mjd; xypg;G tsik vd;w xypg;igg; Nghy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

Mdhy;> jkpoupilNa 8 nfl;l vz;zhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. vl;by; rdp kuzj;ijf; Fwpg;gjhf Nrhjpl rhj;jpuk; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

fdlhtpy; tPL thq;Fk; jkpoH 8 tUk; tPLfis thq;Ftjpy;iy. Mdhy;> rPdH mjidNa tpUk;gp thq;FfpwhHfs;!

 

gjpd;%d;W (13) Nkw;Fyf gz;ghl;by; mr;rj;ij Cl;Lk; vz;zhff; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ. njhlHkhb tPLfisf; fl;Lk;NghJ 12 MtJ khbf;F mLj;j khbia 14 MtJ khb vd;W vOjp itj;JtpLfpwhHfs;.

 

NaRehjupd; filrp tpUe;jpy; fye;J nfhz;l 13 rPlHfspy; xUtuhd A+jh]; NaRit 30 nts;spf;fhRf;F cNuhk; MSeUf;Ff; fhl;bf; nfhLj;jtd; vd;gJjhd; ,e;j mr;rj;Jf;Ff; fhuzk;.

 

Mdhy;> 13 vz; rPdHfsJ nkhopapy; 'tho;T epr;rak;' vd xypg;gjhy; mJ  ey;y vz;zhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

 

gjpNdO (17) ,yj;jPd; nkhopapy; XV1I  vd;W vOJk; NghJ mJ 'ehd; tho;e;J Kbj;J tpl;Nld;' ("I have lived")  vd;w nghUisj; jUfpwJ> mjhtJ ,wg;igf; Fwpf;fpwJ. vdNt ,j;jhyp ehl;by;  17 vz; Ngh$ohff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

 

666 kpUfj;jpd; vz; vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

9413 vz; rPd nkhopapy; 'jg;gp thOk; tha;g;G kpfTk; FiwT' ("slim chance of survival" ) kw;Wk; 'xd;gJ NgH ,wf;fpwhHfs; xUtH kl;Lk; tho;fpwhH' vd;w gonkhopfisf; Fwpg;gjhy; mJ Ngh$ohff; fUjg;gLfpwJ!

 

,jpy; ,Ue;J njuptJ vd;dntd;why; xU vz; ey;yjh nfl;ljh ed;ikah jPikah vd;gJ kdpjuJ kdijg; nghWj;jJ vd;gjhFk;.  vz; ghgk;. Nfhs;fs;> ,uhrpfs;> ,uhrp tPLfs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs; Nghy mjw;F xd;Wk; njupahJ! mjw;F ve;jr; rpwg;G mjpHtiyfSk; fpilahJ.

 

rhjfj;ijf; fzpf;Fk; NrhjpldhtJ xUtd; gpwe;j ,lk;> ehs;> Neuk; ,tw;iw itj;J me;jf; fzj;jpy; tpz;zpy; Nfhs;fs;> ,uhrpfs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs; epd;w epiyfspd; mbg;gilapy; rhjfj;ijf; fzpj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;fpwhd;. ifahy; rhjfj;ijf; fzpj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;y xU ehs; gpbf;Fk;! Mdhy;> vz;Nrhjplj;jpy; gyidf; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;y rpy kzpj;Jsp NghJk;!

 

gpwe;j jpfjpia vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; vjw;fhf fpwpj;jt Mz;il vLj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;? fpwpj;jt Mz;il tpl-

 

    fypAf Mz;L           -    (fpK 3102)

    gTj;j Mz;L           -    (fpK 544)

    tpf;fpkhjpj;j Mz;L      -    (fpK 57)

    jpUts;StH Mz;L       -    (fpK 31)

    rhypthfd Mz;L        -    (fpgp 78)  

    ,];yhkpa (fp[pup) Mz;L  -    (fpgp 622)

    nfhy;yk; Mz;L         -    (fpgp 825)

 

,tw;iw Vd; gad;gLj;jf; $lhJ?

 

,e;jf; Nfs;tpfisf; Nfl;ff; $lhJ. fhuzk; mtw;Wf;fhd gjpy; vz;NrhjplHfsplk; ,y;iy. mtHfs; ntWkNd jhq;fs; nrhy;tij kw;wtHfs; ek;g Ntz;Lk; vd vjpHghHf;fpwhHfs;. NkYk; neUf;fpdhy; vz; rhj;jpuk; kha ke;jpuf; fiyfisr; rhHe;jJ vd kOg;gp tpLfpwhHfs;.  

 

fpwpj;jt ehs;fhl;bia vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; $l mJ jtwhff; fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. fpK 1 ia mLj;J fpgp 1 vd fzpf;fg;gl;ljhy; xU Mz;L $Ljyhf fzf;fplg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. NaRehjH gpwe;j Mz;Lj; njhlf;fKk; xU Cfk;jhd;.

 

fpgp Kjy; Ehw;whz;L  1-100 tiu.  ,uz;lhk; Ehw;whz;L 101-200 tiu.  Kjy; Gj;jhapuk; 1-1000 tiu. ,uz;lhtJ Gj;jhapuk; 1001 - 2000 tiu.

 

,Ugjhk; Ehw;whz;bd; ,Wjp Mz;L 2000 vd vz;zg;gl;lJ. 2001 jhd; %d;whtJ Gj;jhapuj;jpd; Kjy; Mz;L. Mdhy;> cyfk; 2001 Mk; Mz;Lf;Ff; fhj;jpuhJ 2000 Mk; Mz;ilNa %d;whtJ Gj;jhapuk; Mff; nfhz;lhbaJ!

 

,e;jf; Fog;gj;jpw;Ff; fpgp 976 tiu Rop (zero) ma;Nuhg;ghtpy; gad;ghl;Lf;F tutpy;iy vd;gJjhd; VJ MFk;.  elg;G Mz;L 2004 Fg; gjpy; 2003 vd;W ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;!

 

,J kl;Lky;y>  fpwpj;jt ehs;fhl;b fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; jpUj;jp mikf;fg;gl;L te;jpUf;fpwJ. ehs;fs;> khjq;fs; $l;bAk; Fiwj;Jk; te;jpUf;fpd;wd.

 

Nghg;ghz;ltH fpnwNfhwp (Pope Gregory XIII) 1582 ,y; A+ypad; ehs;fhl;biaj; jpUj;jp mikj;jhH. fhuzk; A+ypaH rPruhy; (fpK A+iy 13> 100- fpK khHr; 15> 44) cUthf;fg;gl;l ehs;fhl;b (fpK 46) njhlHe;J %d;W Mz;Lfs; 365 ehs;fshfTk; ehd;fhtJ Mz;L 366 ehs;fshfTk; (leap year) fzpf;fg;gl;lJ. $Ljyhd ehs; ehd;F Mz;Lf;F xU Kiw ngg;utupapy; $l;lg;gl;lJ. Mdhy;> mg;gbr; nra;j NghJ Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 11 kzpj;Jsp 14 tpehb $Ljyhff; fzf;fplg;gl;L tpl;lJ.

 

,e;jj; jtiwj; jpUj;j 1582 ,y; Nghg;ghz;ltH fpnwNfhwp A+ypad; ehs;fhl;bapy; ,Ue;J 10 ehs;fisf; Fiwf;FkhW fl;lis gpwg;gpj;jhH. mjw;F mika 1582 xf;NjhgH 4 f;F mLj;j ehs; xf;NjhgH 15 vdf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ!

 

vdNt fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; khw;wg;gl;Lk; jpUj;jg;gl;Lk; te;j ehs;fhl;bapd; mbg;gilapy; vz;fzpj NrhjplHfs; gyd; $WtJ gFj;jwpTf;F KuzhdJ.

 

vz;NrhjplHfs; ntt;NtW vz;Kiw (9> 8)  ntt;NtW vOj;JKiw (Mq;fpyk;> fPg;GW) gad;gLj;Jtjhy; mit ntt;NtW KbTfisj; jUfpd;wd.

 

vz;fisg; gw;wpAk; vOj;ijg; gw;wpAk; xNu khjpupahd tpsf;fk; ,y;iy. Kjyhk; vz;fhuH kpfTk; nry;thf;fhdtH vdTk; NgusT MSik cilatH; vd;Wk; tho;f;ifapy; ntw;wp ngWthH vd;Wk; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.  Mdhy;> 4 vz;fhuH 'Njhy;tp> tWik kw;Wk; JaH epiwe;jtHfshf ,Ug;gH' vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

vdNt vz;Nrhjplupd; gyd;fs; vz;Nrhjpl Kiwiag; nghWj;jpUf;fpwNj xopa vz;fisg; nghWj;jjy;y vd;gJ vspjpy; ngwg;gLk;. ,jw;F Nky; vz;Nrhjplj;ijg; gw;wp vOJtJ Neuj;ijg; ghohf;Fk; vd;gjhy; ,j;Jld; epWj;jpf; nfhs;fpNwd;.

 

ifNuif rhj;jpuj;ijg; gbj;jtHfs; vd;W $wg;gLfpd;wtUk; ek;GfpwhHfs; vd;gJjhd; tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ. ifapy; NfhLfs; Vd; fhzg;gLfpd;wd vd;gij mtHfs; mwptpay; fz;nfhz;L Muha;e;J ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

Foe;ij fUtpy; cUthFk;NghNj iff; NfhLfs; cz;lhfpd;wd.  fhy; NfhLfs; gpw cWg;Gf;fs; vjw;fhfj; Njhd;wpdNth mjw;fhfNt ,e;jf; NfhLfSk; Vw;gl;Ls;sd iftpuy;fis klf;fTk;> cs;sq;ifiaf; Fopf;fTk;> Ftpf;fTk;> RUf;fTk; ,aw;if nfhLj;jit MFk;.

 

,f;NfhLfs; ,y;iyNay; ifj;Njhy; RUq;fhJ tpiwg;ghfNt ,Uf;Fk;. vijAk; vLf;fTk; gpbf;fTk; ms;sTk; vOjTk; KbahJ. ifapy; VNjDk; tPf;fk; cz;lhfp NjhypYs;s RUf;ff; NfhLfs; rkkhfptpl;lhy; ifia Klf;fTk; vOjTk; KbahkypUg;gij gyH gl;lwptpy; ghHj;jpUg;ghHfs;.

 

vdNt> ifapYs;s Nuiffs; ifiag; gy tifapYk; klf;f Vw;gl;l rhjdNkad;wp> kdpjdpd; tho;f;if epfo;r;rpfis tiuaWj;Jf; $w ty;y milahsq;fsy;y.  ,/J clw;$W gw;wpa cz;ikahFk;.

 

Foe;ij fUtpy; cUthdJk; ifiag; gythW mirf;fj; Njhy;RUq;Ftjhy; cz;lhditNa iff;NfhLfs.; vy;NyhUf;Fk; ifNuiffs; xNu khjpup ,y;yhjpUg;gjw;Ff; fhuzk; xt;nthU Foe;ijapd; mirTk; (movement) ntt;NtW tpjkhf ,Ug;gNj MFk;.  

 

NfhLfis MAs; Nuif> jdNuif vd;W ngaupLtJk; ifapy; cs;s NkLfis re;jpu NkL rdp NkL vd;W ngaupLtJk; ve;j tpjpf;fl;Lg;ghLk; (arbitrary) ,y;yhJ nra;jit MFk;.

 

,j;jifa NfhLfisf; nfhz;L xUtUf;Fg; gyd; nrhy;tJ gFj;jwpTf;Fg; nghUj;jkw;wJ MFk;. jtpu if jtpHj;Jg; gpw cWg;Gfspd; mikg;Gfl;F Vd; Nrhjplk; nrhy;yg; gltpy;iy? cly; $w;wpd;gb mike;j mtw;iw ePf;fp iff; NfhLfSf;F kl;Lk; fw;gidr; Nrhjplj;ijg; (ifNuif) GFj;JtJ nghUj;jkd;W. Mq;fpyj;jpy; Palmistry vd;W mjw;Fg; ngaupl;L E}y; tbtpy; ntspte;Js;sJ. mjidj; jkpopy; ngaHj;Jf; nfhz;L rpyH Fwp nrhy;ypg; gpiof;fpd;wdH. Nrhjplk; Nghd;Nw ifNuif rhj;jpuj;ij ek;Gk; %l kjpapdH rpyH ve;j ehl;bYk;  ,Uf;fNt nra;thHfs;.

 

ifNuif ghHg;gtDk; ifiag; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,uhrp> Nfhs; Mfpatw;wpd;  ngaHfisr; nrhy;ypj; jhd; gyd; $Wfpwhd;. vdNt> NrhjplKk; ifNuifAk; xd;Wf;nfhd;W njhlHGilaitNa.

 

mfj;jpd; moF Kfj;jpy; njupAk; vd;w gonkhopf;F Vw;g gyd; Nfl;L tUgtuJ Kfj;ij itj;Nj NrhjplHfs>; ifNuif rhj;jpupfs>; ehb NrhjplHfs; gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ vspjpy; njupatUk;.

 

Nrhjplk;> ifNuif> ehb Mfpa rhj;jpuq;fs; xUtdJ caHTf;F Kaw;rpAk; epiwe;j mwpTk; ,iltplhj nraYk; Ntz;bajpy;iy Nfhs;fs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs;> ,uhrpfs; ghHit ,Ue;jhy; NghJk; vd kf;fis ek;gitj;J mtHfisr; Nrhk;Ngwpahf;Ffpd;wd.

 

   


 

 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L (66)

 

Md;kPfKk; mwptpaYk;!  

 

,w;iw ehspy; NrhjplHfs; jq;fsJ Nrhjpl rhj;jpuk; mwptpay; rhHe;jJ vd;W nrhy;yj; njhlq;fpAs;shHfs;. NrhjplHfs; kl;Lky;y Ntjhe;jpfs;> rpj;jhe;jpfs;> Md;kPfthjpfs;> kjthjpfs; vd vy;NyhUk; jq;fs; Nfhl;ghl;bd; cs;Siw (cl;nghUs;) mwptpay; rhHe;jJ vdg; GJ tpsf;fk; nfhLf;fpwhHfs;. Ngr;Rj; jkpopy; "fub" tpLfpwhHfs;!

 

nrhy;tij mwptpaNyhL Kbr;Rg; Nghl;Lr; nrhd;dhy; kl;LNk jq;fs; gf;jp thzpfj;ijj; njhlHe;J elj;j KbAk; vd;w cz;ik mtHfSf;Fj; njupfpwJ. me;j kl;by; mtHfs; Gj;jprhypfs; vd;gij xj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ.  

 

khHr;R 7 2004 ,y; ntspte;j ghHg;gd ehNslhd jpdkyH (QhapW rpwg;G kyH)  '[hjfk; kugZ mwptpay;!' vd;Dk; jiyg;gpy; xU fl;Liuia ntspapl;Ls;sJ.  

 

'[hjfk; vd;why; ngha; gpj;jyhl;lk;  vd;fpwJ rpy 'gFj;jwpT'fs;.  [hjfk; ngha;ah? ,y;iy! [hjfk; ,e;J Md;kPfj;jpd; mw;Gjf; fzpjk;. ,J Mjhukw;w gpur;rhug; Ngr;R my;y.... mwptpay; uPjpahd Mjhuq;fs; nfhz;l cz;ik!' vd;fpwhH fl;LiuahsH. njhlHe;J jdJ thjj;ij epahag;gLj;jg; gy fUj;Jf;fis Kd; itj;Js;shH.

 

Kjypy; ,e;J Md;kPfj;Jf;Fk; fzpjj;jpw;Fk; ve;jj; njhlHGk; ,y;iy. mw;Gjf; fzpjk; vd;Nwh Md;kPff; fzpjk; vd;Nwh xU fzpjk; ,y;iy. ,e;J> ,];yhk;> fpwpj;jtk; vd;nwy;yhk; fzpjk; ,y;iy. ,Ug;gnjy;yhk; xU fzpje;jhd;.

 

Ntj fzpjk; vd;W nrhy;fpwhHfNs? mJ rpy $l;ly; ngUf;fy;fis FWf;F topapy; tpil fhz;gJ gw;wpa tha;g;ghLjhd;. mJ fpNuf;fHfSila fzpjj;Jf;F ciwNghlf; $lf; fhzhJ.

 

'rhjfk; ngha; gpj;jyhl;lk; vd;fpwJ rpy gFj;jwpTfs'; vd m/wpizapy; vOJk; jpdkyH fl;LiuahsH jd;idg; gFj;jwpNt ,y;yhj tpyq;F vd;W nrhy;fpwhuh?;

 

capupdq;fspy; kdpjDf;F kl;Lk;jhd; gFj;jwpT cz;L vd;gJ CH cyfk; mwpe;j cz;ik!

 

,uz;lhapuj;J Ke;EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH tho;e;j njhy;fhg;gpaH Gyd; mbg;gilapy; capHfisg; ghFgLj;jp kugpaypy; tpsf;fpAs;shH. ,e;j capHg;ghFghL rkz kjj;Jf;F cupaJ.

 

clk;ghy; kl;Lk; mwptd XH mwpT capHfs;.

clk;ghYk; ehthYk; mwptd ,UmwpT capHfs;.

clk;G> eh> %f;F %d;whYk; mwptd %mwpT capHfs;.

clk;G> eh> %f;F> fz; ehd;fhYk; mwptd ehywpT capHfs;.

clk;G> eh> %f;F> fz;> fhJ ,it ma; mwpT capHfs;.  

,e;j ma;e;NjhL kdj;jhYk; mwptd Mwwp capHfs;.

 

clk;G> eh> %f;F> fz;> nrtp ,e;j ma;e;;jwpT gilj;jit gwitfs; kw;Wk; tpyq;Ffs;. ,tw;NwhL kdjhy; rpe;jpf;Fk; MwhtJ mwpT gilj;jtNd kdpjd;.

 

kdpjd; rpe;jpf;fj; njhlq;fpa fhyj;jpNyNa nghUs; Kjd;ikahdjh? my;yJ mJ gw;wpa fUj;J Kjd;ikahdjh ?  vjpypUe;J vJ Njhd;wpaJ? ,e;jf; Nfs;tpfSf;F jj;Jtthjpfs; tpil fhz Kad;wNghJ mtHfs; ,U fd;idfshfg; gpupe;J epd;whHfs;. ,J gw;wp (Nrhjplg; Gul;L 42) Vw;fdNt vOjpAs;Nsd;.

 

nghUs;jhd; Kjd;ikahdJ> mjd;  gpujpgypg;Ng fUj;J vd;W nrhd;dtHfs; nghUs; Kjy;thjpfshfTk;> fUj;Jj;jhd; Kjd;ikahdJ> mjd; gpujpgypg;Gj;jhd; nghUs; vd;W $wpatHfs; fUj;J Kjy;thjpfshfTk; milahsk; fhzg;gl;ldH.

 

cNyhfk; vd;gJ tlnkhopr; nrhy;. mjw;F <lhd jkpo;r;nrhy; nghUs;. cNyhfhajthjpfisj; jkpopy; nghUs;Kjy;thjpfs; vd miof;fpwhHfs;.

 

cNyhfhaj thjpfs; fUj;jpay; thjpfspd; jj;Jtj;ij epuhfupj;jhHfs;.

 

    1)      mz;lk; ,aw;ifahdJ. vd;nwd;Wk; cs;sJ> ahuhYk; gilf;fg;gltpy;iy. cyfk; kl;LNk> fhl;rp xd;Nw nka;.

 

    2)      epyk;> ePH> jP> tsp vDk; ehd;F G+jq;fNs nka;g; nghUs;.

 

    3)      G+jq;fspd;  NrHf;ifahy; Njhd;wpg; gpupthy; kha;tjhfpa clk;gpdplj;Nj mwpT> fs;spy; fspg;Gg;Nghy ntspg;gl;L       mopAk;.

 

    4)      guNyhfk;> nrhHf;fk;> eufk;> kWik ,y;iy.

 

    5)      fhaNk (clk;G) Md;kh (capH)> fhaj;jpw;F Ntwhf Md;kh ,y;iy.

 

    6)      tpid ,y;iy.

 

    7)      flTs; ,y;iy

 

   8)      ,d;gKk; nghUSNk cWjpg;nghUl;fs; (GU\hHj;jq;fs;). ,d;g Jd;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J tpLgLgJ vd;gJ Nkhrb MFk;. ,d;gKk; Jd;gKk; ,ize;jNj tho;f;if. ,d;gj;jpd; msitg; ngUf;FtJk; Jd;gj;jpd; msitf; Fiwg;gJNk tho;f;ifapd; Fwpf;Nfhshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

gpw;fhyj;jpy; fhHy; khHf;]; fUj;jpay; Kjy;thjj;Jf;F vjpuhf nghUs;Kjy; (materialism) thjj;ij Kd;itj;jhH. Mdhy;> mtUf;F Kd;Ng  nghUs;Kjy; thjf; Nfhl;ghL ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

tPl;Lf;Fs; ,Uf;Fk; xUtH gyfzp topNa ntspNa ghHf;Fk; nghOJ  vjpupy; epw;Fk; kuk; mtuJ fz;Zf;Fj; njupfpwJ. mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; nrhd;dhy; kuj;jpd; kPJ  xspf; fjpHfs; gl;Lj; njwpj;Jf; fz;zpy; cs;s jpiuapy; te;J tpOe;J me;jf; fhl;rp %isf;Fr; nra;jpahf mDg;gg; gLk;NghJ kuk; njupfpwJ. clNd %is me;jf; fhl;rpiag; gjpT nra;J itf;fpwJ.

 

kuk; xU nghUs; (matter);> vkJ ma;k;;nghwp xt;nthd;Wk; xU nghUs;> GydwpitAk; gl;lwpitAk; kdjpy; gjpT nra;Ak; %isAk; xU nghUs;jhd;. ehk; ghHj;jhYk; ghHf;fhtpl;lhYk; kuk; xU nghUshfNt ,Uf;Fk;.  

 

%is El;gkhd xU nghUs;>  %is rpe;jpf;f ty;yJ> gilg;ghw;wy; nfhz;lJ> gFj;jwpTf;F  ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; Mw;wy; gilj;jJ MFk;.  Gw cyNfhL cwT nfhs;Sk; mNj rkak; clk;gpd; midj;J cWg;Gf;fsJ nray;ghLfisAk; mJ xUq;fpizf;fpwJ! mjid kdk; vd;fpNwhk;. kdj;jpd; ,af;fk; rpe;jidahFk;.  rpe;jid khWk;  jd;ikAilaJ.

 

nghUspy; ,Ue;Nj midj;Jk; Njhd;wpd. Gy;> G+z;L> GO> kuk;> gwit> tpyq;Ffs;> kdpjHfs; nghUspd; khw;wj;jhy; Njhd;wpaitNa. mit ahNuh xUtuhy; ntspapy; ,Ue;J gilf;fg;gl;lit my;y.

 

mz;lk; vd;gJ ntsp> fhyk;> nghUs;> Mw;wy; ,tw;why; MdJ.  nghUSf;Ff; fhyKk; ,lKk; (Time and Space) cz;L. mtw;iw xd;wpy; ,Ue;J xd;W gpupf;f KbahJ. nghUs; vjpH kpd;kk; (electrons)  nehJkk; (neutrons)  NeHkpd;kk; (protons)  nghbkk; (quarks) bosons,  muons  Nghd;w Ez;zpa Jfs;fshy; MdJ.

 

nghUs; njhlf;fKk; KbTk; ,y;yhjJ. nghUisg; gilf;fTk; KbahJ mopf;fTk; KbahJ. nghUis Mw;wyhf kl;LNk khw;w KbAk;.

 

nghUspypUe;Nj fUj;Jf;fs; Njhd;Wfpd;wd. khkuk; vd;w fUj;J kuj;ijg; ghHg;gjhy; %isapy; gjpthfpwJ. kuj;ij kh kuk;> njd;id kuk;> gid kuk; vd %is gFj;Jj; njupe;J nfhs;tJ kdpjdplk; fhzg;gLk; MwhtJ mwpthd gFj;jwpT %yNk.

 

vdNt nghUspy; ,Ue;Nj fUj;Jf;fs; Njhd;Wfpd;wd. fUj;jpy; ,Ue;J nghUs;fs; Njhd;Wtjpy;iy. ,e;j cz;ikia njspthf czHe;J nfhz;lhy; Nrhjplk; Nghd;w %lek;gpf;ifapy; ,Ue;J kdk; tpLgLtJ vspjhfptpLk;.

 

%thapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;gpd;jhd; kdpjd; flTisg; gilj;jhd;. mr;rk; fhuzkhfNt flTs; gilf;fg;gl;lhH. fUj;jpay; thapyhfNt me;j mr;rk; kdpjdJ kdjpy; gjpag;gl;lJ. mwptpay; %yk; me;j mr;rj;ij eP;f;fpdhy; flTs; gw;wpa mr;rKk; kiwe;J flTSk; kiwe;J tpLthH!

 

nrd;w jiyKiwapy; tho;e;j kf;fs; kdjpy; Nga;> gprhR> G+jk;> ,b> kpd;dy;> Gay;> epyeLf;fk;> vupkiy gw;wpa mr;rk;  ,Ue;jJ. khuilg;ghy; khz;ltHfisg; Nga; mbj;J khz;ljhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;. vYk;GUf;fp Neha; gpbj;jtHfisg; ghHj;Jg; Nga; ckpo;tjhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;!

 

Cupy; cs;s xt;nthU Gspakuj;jpYk; Kdp ,Ue;jhH> Ntg;g kuj;jpy; itutH ,Ue;jhH> nfhs;spthy;g;; Nga;> nfhj;jpg;Nga;> Fwspg;Nga;> Rliykhld;>  fhj;jtuhad;> mz;zkhH ,g;gb Vfg;gl;l Nga;fs;!

 

,utpy; Gspa kuj;jpy; ,Ue;j Kdp njUtpy; elg;gjhfTk;> elf;fpw rj;jk; Nfl;ljhfTk;> eha;fs; gae;J Fiuj;jjhfTk; Cupy; cs;s fpoLfl;ilfs; gfypy; jq;fSf;Fs; fijg;ghHfs;.

 

Nga; gpbj;jtHfs; ma;adhH> mk;kd;> Kdpag;gH Nfhapy; jpUtpohf;fspd; NghJ Nga; MbdhHfs;. Nfhapy; G+rhup ke;jpupj;J me;jg; Nga;fis Xl;bdhH.

 

Mdhy;> vg;NghJ CHg;Gwq;fSf;F kpd;rhuk; te;jNjh mg;NghNj Nga;fSk; nrhy;yhky; nfhs;shky; Xbg;Ngha;tpl;ld!

 

fdlhtpy; Gspakuk; Ntg;g kuk; ,y;iy. jha; je;ijaH Nga;fisg; gw;wpr; nrhy;ypf; nfhLj;jhNynahopa ,q;F thOk; gps;isfSf;Fg; Nga;fs; gw;wpa gak; tUtjw;F ve;j Kfhe;jpuKk; ,y;iy.

 

Md;kPfKk; NrhjplKk; ntWk; %lek;gpf;ifAk; ngha;ikAk; nfhz;l fUj;Jf;fshy; Md fUj;jpay; (ideology).

 

gukhj;kh> rPthj;kh> gjp> gR> jis> Mztk; fd;kk; khia> nrhHf;fk;> eufk; vy;yhNk fUj;jpaNy! mtw;iwg; ghHf;f KbahJ.

 

kdpjdJ kdk; cw;gj;jp nra;j rhjp> rkak;> ,yf;fpak;>  fy;tp> rl;lk;> murpay;> rpj;jhe;jk;> Ntjhe;jk;> Nrhjplk;> ghtk;> Gz;zpak; vy;yhNk fUj;Jf;fshy; Md fUj;jpaNy! 

 

Gj;jUk;> kfhtPuUk; xUtifapy; nghUs;Kjy; thjpfNs! ,UtUk; cyfj; Njhw;wj;Jf;F xU Kjy; fhuzd; ,y;iy vd;whHfs;.

 

,ij Vd; nrhy;fpNwd; vd;why; %lek;gpf;iffSf;Ff; fUj;J Kjy;thjNk fhuzk;! kdpjidj; jtpHe;j gpw capHfSf;F cyfk; gw;wpa mwptpy;iy. mit jd;DzHT ghq;F nfhz;lit.

 

rpye;jp El;gkhd tiy gpd;DfpwJ. Jhf;fzhk; FUtp Ntiyg;ghl;Lld; $ba $L fl;LfpwJ. ,jw;F mtw;wpd; cs;SzHTjhd; (intuition) fhuzk;. mjpy; khw;wk; ,Uf;fhJ. Mdhy;> kdpjDf;F kl;Lk; cyfk; gw;wpa VNjh xU fUj;Jz;L.

 

kiyf; Fifapy;> kuq;fspy; tho;e;j kdpjd; kl;LNk gpd;dH jdJ gFj;jwpitg; gad;gLj;jp Fbir fl;b> Fbiria tPlhf;fp> tPl;il khbahf;fp> khbtPl;il khspifahf;fp thof; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;.

 

cilapy;yhJ mk;kzkhfj; jpupe;j kdpjd; gUj;jpr; nrbiag; gapH nra;J> gUj;jpg; gQ;rpy; ,Ue;J Ehy; jpupj;J> Ehypy; ,Ue;J cil nea;J mjid Milahf mzpaf; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;.

 

ehNlhbahff;  fhl;by; miye;J  jpupe;J fha; fdp> fpoq;F Nghd;wtw;iw gwpj;Jz;l kdpjd; gpd;dH xU ,lj;jpy; jq;fpf; fhlopj;J tayhf;fpg; gapuplf; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;.

 

fhl;by; kpUfq;fis Ntl;ilahbj; jpd;w kdpjd; mtw;iw tPl;L kpUfq;fshf trg;gLj;jpg; gadile;jhd;.  

 

gr;ir ,iwr;rpia cz;l kdpjd; neUg;igf; fz;L gpbj;j gpd;dH mjpy; Ntf itj;J cz;lhd;.

 

Kjypy; iffis mirj;Jj; jdJ czHTfis ntspg;gLj;jpa kdpjd; gpd;dH XuirTr; nrhw;fshf xypj;J mtw;iw ntspg;gLj;jpdhd;.

 

mjd; gpd;dH <uirr; nrhw;fisg; gad;gLj;jpdhd;. fhyk; nry;yr; nry;y gy nrhw;fisr; NrHj;J thf;fpak; Mf;fpg; Ngrf; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;.

 

mijj; njhlHe;J vOjTk; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;. rpj;jpu vOj;;ijj;jhd; Kjypy; mtd; gad; gLj;jpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

kdpjuplk; fhzg;gLk; ,e;j gbkyHr;rpia (evolution)  ,Nj mstpy; NtW capupdq;fsplk;  fhzKbahJ.

 

thdpaiyg;gw;wpa mwpT tsu tsur; Nrhjplk; ngha; vd;gij ,aw;ifia Ma;T nra;j mwptpayhsHfs; vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;bdhHfs;.    

 

Vw;fdNt $wpaJ Nghy 16 Mk; E}w;whz;by; NfhngHdpf;fd;  #upa ikaf; Nfhl;ghL Nrhjplj;jpd; Mzp NtiuNa gpLq;fp vwpe;Jtpl;lJ.

 

gjpNdohk; E}w;whz;by; epa+l;ldpd; Gtp <Hg;Gf; nfhs;if vy;N;yhuhYk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l gpd;dH Nrhjplk; mwptpay; mbg;gilaw;w Nghypr; rhj;jpuk; vd;gJ  ve;j ma;aj;Jf;Fk; ,lkpd;wp nka;g;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. 

 

 


 

 

Njhjplg; Gul;L (67)

 

nkhl;le; jiyf;Fk; Koq;fhYf;Fk; Kbr;Rg; Nghl KbahJ!  

 

Nrhjplk; Nfhs;fisg;  gpuhkz> rj;jpupa> itrpf> #j;jpu tUzk; vd;Wk;> Mz;> ngz;> myp vd;Wk;> ePH> neUg;G> Gtp (gpUjptp)  fhw;W> thdk; (Mfhak;) vd;Wk;> gif (rj;JU  el;G (kpj;JU) cr;rk;> Ml;rp> Nfe;jpuk;> Nahfk; (Nahff;fhuHfs;) fz;lk; (khufhjpgjpfs;) MNuhf;fzk; mtNuhf;fzk; vd;Wk; ghFgLj;JfpwJ.  

 

Nfhs;fisg; NghyNy ,uhrpfisAk; ePH> neUg;G> Gtp (gpUjptp)  fhw;W> thdk; (Mfhrk;) vd;Wk;> Mz; ngz; vd;Wk;> gfy; ,uT vdTk;> ruk;> ];jpuk;> cgak; vdTk;> cr;rk; ePr;rk; vdTk;> jpjp #d;ak; vdTk; gpupf;fpwJ.

 

,t;thW tpjpf;fl;Lg;ghbd;wp kdk; Nghd Nghf;fpy; gFg;gjw;Fk; gpupg;gjw;Fk; thdpay; mbg;gilapy; vJtpj VJTk; ,y;iy. thdpaypd; gb Nfhs;fs;> ,uhrpfs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs; capuw;wit> czHr;rpaw;wit> mwptw;wit MFk;!  

 

,e;jpa Nrhjplk; thdpayhsHfs; fz;Lgpbj;j ANwd];> neg;jpA+d; GSl;Nlh Mfpa %d;W Nfhs;fisAk; fzf;fpy; vLg;gjpy;iy. gpd; Nrhjplk; "mwptpay; uPjpahd Mjhuq;fs; nfhz;lJ" vd vg;gbf; $wKbAk;?

 

fle;j Mz;Lfspy; Gjpjhf 28 ngUq;Nfhs;fSk; 1000 Fk; Nkw;gl;l FWq;Nfhs;fSk; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Mdhy;> Nrhjplj;jpy; #upaidAk; NrHj;J xd;gJ Nfhs;fs; kl;LNk cz;L. ,e;j xd;gJ Nfhs;fis itj;Jr; NrhjplHfs; elj;Jk; thzpfk; vg;gbr; rupahFk;?    

 

Nrhjplj;jpy; xNu xU epyhj;jhd; cz;L. Mdhy;> thdpay; 112 ngupa epyhf;fSk; 16 rpwpa epyhf;fSk; Mf nkhj;jk; 128 epyhf;fs; cz;nld;fpwJ.

 

NrhjplHfs; ,e;j 128 epyhf;fspy; Gtpapd; Jizf; Nfhshd epyhit kl;Lk; itj;Jg; gyd; $wptpl;L vQ;rpa 127 epyhf;fisAk; js;sp tpLfpwhHfs;.

 

"rhjfk; mwptpay; uPjpahd Mjhuq;fisf; nfhz;lJ" vdf; $Wk; fl;LiuahsH 128 epyhf;fisj; js;sptpLtJ mwptpayh?

 

nrd;w khj eLg;gFjpapy; rdpf; NfhSf;F Vtg;gl;l Cassini-Huygens  tpz;fyk; KiwNa 194>000> 211>000 fpkP cauj;jpy; ,uz;L Gjpa epyhf;fs; rdpf; Nfhis tyk; tUtijf; fz;L gpbj;Js;sJ.

 

Kd;dH $wpaJ Nghy; Nrhjplk;  Gtp vd;Dk; Nfhisf; fzf;fpy; vLg;gjpy;iy. Nrhjplk; nrhy;Yk; etNfhs;fspy; QhapW xU tpz;kPd;> epyh xU Jizf;Nfhs;> ,uhF NfJ fw;gidf; Nfhs;fs;>  gpd; vg;gbr; Nrhjplk; mwptpayhFk;?

 

NkYk; "G+kp> fpufq;fs;> #upaf; FLk;gk; vg;gb cUthdJ? guk; nghUspd; vz;zj;jpy; gpwe;j gilg;G! vz;zk; vd;W Md;kPfk; $WtJk; mjpHT vd;W mwptpay; $WtJk; ruprkk;jhd;. Md;kPfk;> mwptpay; ,uz;Lk; $WtJ xNu fUj;Jf;jhd;! thHj;ijfs; jhd; NtW!" vd;fpwhH.

 

mz;l Mw;wy; fyitapd; (Primordial soup) ntl;gk; 25 Nfhb ghud;ifl; Mf ,Ue;jNghJ mJ ntbj;Jr; rpjwp #upa FLk;gq;fs;> tpz;kPd;fs; Njhd;wpd. mit capuw;w> mwptw;w gUg;NghUs; (matter) vd;fpwJ mwptpay;.

 

xd;Wk; ,y;yhik ,y; (#dpak;) ,Ue;J Njhd;WtJjhd; gilg;G! vd;Wk; cs;s nghUs; my;yJ Mw;wy; jpupghf;fk; MtJ gbkyHr;rp!

 

guk;nghUspd; vz;zj;jpy; mz;lk; gilf;fg;gl;lJ vd Md;kPfk; $WtJk; mz;lk; ntbj;Jr; rpjwp #upa FLk;gq;fs;> tpz;kPd;fs; Njhd;wpd vd mwptpay; $WtJk; vg;gb xd;whFk;?

 

vdNt  capUk; mwpTk; mw;w mz;lKk; capUk; mwpTk; Mde;j FzKk; (rj; rpj; Mde;jk;) cila guk;nghUSk; xd;whf KbahJ.  

 

“NkYk; re;jpuf; fjpHfSk; #upaf; fjpHfSk; capupd ,ay;Gfspy; jhf;fk; nrYj;JfpwJ vd;fpwJ mwptpay;.  fpufq;fspd; fjpHfSf;Fk; kdpj tho;Tf;Fk; neUq;fpa njhlHG ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W jPHkhdpf;fyhk;. ,ijj;jhNd rhjff;fzpjk; $WfpwJ? fpufq;fs;> #upad; ,tw;wpd; fjpH tPr;R capupdq;fspd; cly;fspy; jhf;fk; cz;lhf;Fk;. #upaf; FLk;gj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fpufq;fs; kw;w el;rj;jpuf; FLk;gq;fis tpl ekf;F mUfpy; ,Ug;git. vdNt> kw;w el;rj;jpuf; FLk;gf; fjpHfspd; Mjpf;fj;ij tpl> ekJ #upaf; FLk;gj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fpufq;fspd; fjpHfspd; Mjpf;fk;  ek; kPJ mjpf mstpy; ,Uf;Fk;" vd;fpwhH fl;LiuahsH.

 

#upad; kw;Wk; #upaf; FLk;gj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Nfhs;fspd; fjpHtPr;rpd; jhf;fk; kdpjHfspd; gpwe;j ehs; Neuk; ,tw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; ,Uf;f KbahJ vd mwptpay; nrhy;fpwJ. ve;jj; jhf;fKk; vy;yh capupdq;fSf;Fk; nghJthdJ.

 

"xU Foe;ij gpwf;F NghJ> fpufepiy mikg;Gfs; ve;j tifapy; ,ize;Js;sNjh me;jf; fzf;Fjhd; [hjfkhff; Fwpg;gplg;gLwJ" vd;fpwhH jpdkyH fl;LiuahsH.

 

gd;dpuz;L ,uhrp kz;lyq;fs; NrhjplHfshy; tpjpf; fl;Lg;ghbd;wp nraw;ifahf tiuag;gl;lit. mNj Nghy; 12 tPLfSk; thd; ntspay; QhapW nry;tJ Nghy; Njhd;Wk; 360 ghif nfhz;l ghijia (ecliptic) tpjpf;fl;Lg;ghL vJTkpd;wpg; gpupj;Jf; $wg;gLtJjhd;. ,e;jg; 12 tPLfSk; rhjfdJ jiy Kjy; fhy; tiu cs;s cWg;Gf;fisf; Fwpf;fpwJ vd;gJ  mofhd ntWk; fw;gidNa!

 

,uhrp tPLfspy; fpufq;fs; rQ;rupg;gJ vd;gJ ntWk; Gyf; fhl;rpNa. ,uhrp kz;lyq;fSf;Fk; Gtpf;Fk; ,iilapy; gy EhW Mapuk; xspahz;L ,ilntsp ,Uf;fpwJ. mNj Nghy; xU tpz;kPDf;Fk; ,d;ndhU tpz; kPDf;Fk; ,ilapy; gy;yhapuk; xspahz;L ,ilntsp ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

,e;j ,uhrpfs;> tPLfs;> Nfhs;fs; ,tw;Wf;Ff; fw;gpf;fg;gLk; gyd;fs; jw;Nghf;fhfr; nrhy;yg;gLk; Gide;JiuNa!

 

,jpy; Foe;ij gpwe;j ehs; Neuk; ,tw;NwhL Nfhs;fisAk; ,uhrpfisAk; tPLfisAk; njhlHG gLj;JtJ ntWk; Gyf; fhl;rp mstpy; nra;ag;gLtNj.

 

thdpYs;s Nfhs;fs; ,uhrpfs; vy;NyhHf;Fk; nghJthdJ. Nrhjplk; nrhy;tJ Nghy; xt;nthU Foe;ijf;Fk; xt;nthU mikg;G ,y;iy.

 

,uhrpfs;> tPLfs;> Nfhs;fs; ,tw;iwtpl kdpjHfs; thOk; #oy; (epyk;> ePH> jl;gntl;gk;> Rthrpf;Fk; fhw;W> cz;Zk; czT Mfpad) $Ljyhd ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;JfpwJ.

 

vdNt Nrhjplj;Jf;Fk; mwptpaYf;Fk; Kbr;Rg; NghLtJ nkhl;le;jiyf;Fk; Koq;fhYf;Fk; Kbr;Rg; NghLk; tPz; NtiyahFk;. ,uz;Lk; xd;iw xd;W re;jpf;f Kbahj ,U rkhe;juf; NfhL;fs;!

 

NkYk; mtH vOJfpwhH "xU Fwpg;gpl;l tifapy; fpufq;fs; ,ize;Js;s NghJ mtw;wpd; nkhj;jf; fjpH tPr;R msT xU Fwpg;gpl;l msT ,Uf;Fk;. vdNt me;jf; fjpH tPr;R mstpd; Mjpf;fk; me;jf; Foe;ijapd; tho;tpy; Mjpf;fj;ijr; nrYj;Jk;."

 

,e;jf;  "fjpH tPr;R mstpd; Mjpf;fk;" ntWk; fw;gid vd Kd;dNu (Gul;L 40) tpupthfg; Gs;sp tpgur; rhd;WfNshL vz;gpj;Js;Nsd;.

 

Gtpf;Fk; Nfhs;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s njhiyitf; fzf;fpy; vLj;jhy; ,e;j Nkyhz;ik xU kpifg;gLj;jg;gl;l fw;gid vd;gJ njupatUk;.

 

Gtpapy; ,Ue;J Nfhs;fspd; (QhapW Nfhs; my;y)  nghJNkdp fpkP njhiyT -

 

    rdp         -  1280.00 kpy;ypad;  fpkP (798.30 kpy;ypad; fy;)  

    tpahod;     -   588.50 kpy;ypad;  fpkP (367.04 kpy;ypad; fy;)  

    nrt;tha;     -   56.00 kpy;ypad;  fpkP (35.00 kpy;ypad; fy;)

    QhapW      -   149.60 kpy;ypad;  fpkP (92.90 kpy;ypad; fy;)

    nts;sp      -    40.00 kpy;ypad;  fpkP (24.90 kpy;ypad; fy;)      

    Gjd;        -    77.30 kpy;ypad;  fpkP (48.21 kpy;ypad; fy;)

    re;jpud;      -      384>487      fpkP (238>909 ikky;)    

 

,t;tsT njhiytpy; cs;s Nfhs;fspd; fjpH tPr;R xd;W NrHe;J Gtpapy; xU ehl;by;> XH Cupy;> xU tPl;by;> XH miwapy;> ehd;F RtHfSf;F ,ilapy;> xU Fwpg;gpl;l ehspy;> Neuj;jpy; gpwe;j Foe;ijapd; kPJ tPRkh? jhf;Fkh? mjdhy; Foe;ij ghjpf;fg;gLkh? mwptpay; ,y;iy vd;fpwJ.

 

mg;gbNa me;jf; fjpH tPr;R jhf;Ftjw;Fk; me;jf; Foe;ijapd; cly;eyk;> tsHr;rp> Ez;zwpT> fy;tp> Ntiytha;g;G> taJ> MSik> tWik> nry;tk;> fztd;-kidtp cwT> kzKwpT> fld;njhy;iy> kyl;Lj;jd;ik> NjHjypy; ntw;wp Njhy;tp> khkpahH kUkfs; rz;il Nghd;wtw;Wf;Fk; vd;d njhlHG?

 

xU jdp kdpjdpd; tho;tpay; $Wfs;> mtdpd; gz;G eyd;fs;> NfLfs; ,tw;Wf;F mtdJ kugpaYk; (genetics) #oYk; (environment) fhuzpfs; vd;gNj cstpay; r%ftpay; mwptpay; Ma;Tfspd; KbthFk;!

 

,Wjpahff; fl;LiuahsH "[hjfj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fpuf ,izg;Gr; NrHf;ifahy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gf;fisr; rpy gupfhuq;fshy; (fpuff; fjpH tPr;R msTfis khw;Wk; Kiw) rup nra;ayhk; vd;fpwJ ,e;J Md;kPfk;. kugZf;fspy; ,Uf;Fk; rpy mk;rq;fis ePf;fpAk; rpy mk;rq;fisg; Gjpjhfr; NrHj;Jk; rup nra;ayhk; vd;fpwJ etPd mwptpay;." 

 

rdp Njhrk; nrt;tha; Njhrk; cs;s xUtd; vs;nsz;nza; vupj;jy;> etf;fpufq;fisr; Rw;wp tUjy;> mUr;rid nra;jy;> mgpNrfk; nra;jy;> fhfj;Jf;Fg; gilj;jy; Kjyhd fpuf rhe;jp gupfhuk; nra;jhy; me;jf; Nfhs;fspd; fjpH tPr;R msTfis khw;wp tpl KbAkh? ,jidr; rhd;WfNshL nka;g;gpf;f KbAkh? ,e;jg; gupfhuk; vd;gJ cioahJ> clk;ig tisahJ> ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J kf;fisr; Ruz;Ltjw;Fr; Nrhk;Ngwp NrhjplHfs; fz;Lgpbj;j cghakhFk;.

 

kugZg; nghwpapay; (genetical engineering) Nghd;w mwptpaYk; Nrhjplk; vd;w %lek;gpf;ifAk; rup rkkhf KbahJ. kugZg; nghwpapay; eilKiwapy; nka;g;gpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. fpuf gupfhu Njhrj;ijAk; kugZg; nghwpapaiyAk; xd;nwd;gJ Nfhkhspj;jdkhdJ.  

 

"rhjfk; vd;gJ fl;Lf; fij my;y. mwptpay; kjkhd ,e;J kjj;jpd; mw;Gjkhd tho;f;if topfhl;b" vd;W vOJtJ ,e;J rkaj;Jf;F ,g;NghJ vQ;rp ,Uf;Fk;  nfhQ;reQ;r kjpg;igGk; Nghf;fptpLk;!

 

,e;J kjk;jhd; kdpj Fyj;ijg; gpuhkzd;> rj;jpupad;> itrpfd;> #j;jpud; vdg; gpupj;J xU Fyj;Jf;F xU ePjp Nghjpf;fpwJ. ,e;J kjk;jhd; ehl;by; ehyhapuk; rhjpfis cUthf;fp itj;jpUf;fpwJ. ,e;J kjk;jhd; ngz;fSf;F tPL NgW ,y;iy mtHfs; ghgg; gpwg;G vd;fpwJ. ,e;J kjk; Ntjq;fisg; ngz;fSk; #j;jpuDk; gbf;ff; $lhJ vd;fpwJ. Ntjk; Nfl;l #j;jpudpd; fhjpy; ,Uk;ig cUf;fp ,uf;fk; fhl;lhJ Cw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwJ.

 

,e;J kjk;jhd; fztid ,oe;j ngz;fis tYf;fl;lhakhf cld;fl;il Vw;wpf; nfhd;wJ.

 

,e;J kjk;jhd; ngz;fSf;Fj; Njtjhrpg;  gl;lk; #l;b mtHfspd; fw;igf; Nfhapy; mUr;rfHfSk; kzpafhuUk; fhKfHfSk; #iwahlg; ghij jpwe;J tpl;lJ.   

 

,e;J kjk;jhd; ngz;fSf;F Njtjhrp  gl;lk; #l;b mtHfspd; fw;igf; fhKfHfs; #iwahl toptFj;jJ.  

 

,e;J kjk;jhd; ee;jidj; jPf; Fspj;J gpuhkzNdhL th vd;W Vkhw;wp  capNuhL nfhSj;jptpl;L mtd; Nrhjpapy; kiwe;jhd; vd;W fij fl;baJ. jpy;iyapy; ee;jd; Eioe;j xd;gjhtJ thry; jPl;Lg;gl;ljhy; ,d;wsTk; mJ G+l;lg;gl;Lf; fplf;fpwJ. ,g;gb mLf;fpf; nfhz;Nl Nghfyhk;.

 

,e;J kjj;jpy; kl;Lky;y NtW ve;j kjj;jpYk; mwptpay; fpilahJ.

 

flTs; MW ehs;fspy; mz;lj;ijAk; cyfj;ijAk; capupdq;fisAk; gilj;J VohtJ ehs; Xa;T vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhH vd;gJ fl;Lf; fij. mJ NghyNt Mjhik kz;zpy; ,Ue;J (cly; kl;Lk;) gilj;J mtd; Jhq;Fk;NghJ mtdJ tpyh vYk;ig vLj;J Vthisg; gilj;jhH vd;gJk; fw;gidf; fijNa!

 

kjq;fs; ek;gpf;ifia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lit. flTs;> gilg;G> Md;kh> eufk;> nrhHf;fk;> ghtk; Gz;zpak;> jiytpjp> Co;tpid vy;yhk; kdpjd; fw;gpj;j %lek;gpf;ifNa!

 

jPkpj;jy;> fhtb vLj;jy;> nrby;f;; fhtb vLj;jy;> gwitf; fhtb vLj;jy;> myF Fj;Jjy;> Ntg;gpiy mbj;jy; Nghd;witAk; %lek;gpf;ifNa!

 

Nrhjplk; Gul;L> ngha;> gpj;jyhl;lk; vd;W  gFj;jwpthsH kl;Lk; my;y Nehngy; grpR ngw;w cyfj;jpd; jiyrpwe;j mwptpayhsUk; mg;gbj;jhd; nrhy;fpd;wdH.  

 

  


 

 

Njhjplg; Gul;L (68)

 

vq;fsJ vjpHfhyk; vq;fs; iffspNyNa jq;fpAs;sJ

 

gy;NtW mwptpay; Jiwia rhHe;j 186 Gfo;ngw;w mwptpayhsHfs; (,jpy; 18 NgH Nehgy; grpR ngw;wtHfs;)

 

Nrhjplj;Jf;F kWg;Gj; njuptpj;J   (Objections to Astrology)  xU mwpf;ifia 1975 Mk; Mz;L ntspapl;ldH.  ,e;j mwpf;if The Humanist (September/October 1975) vd;w Vl;by; ntspahdJ. mjd; jkpohf;fk; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

'gy;NtW mwptpay;j; Jiwiar; rhHe;j mwptpayhsHfs; cyfpd; gy;NtW gFjpfspy; Nrhjplj;Jf;Ff; fpilj;JtUk; mjpfsT xg;Gjiyapl;Lf; ftiy mile;Js;shHfs;.

 

,jd; fPo; ifnahg;gk; ,l;Ls;s thdpayhsHfs;> thdapaw;gpayhsHfs; (Astro-physicists) kw;Wk; gy;NtW JiwrhHe;j mwptpayhsHfs; NrhjplHfs; jdpg;gl;l KiwapYk; gyH mwpaTk; $Wk; gyd;fisf; Nfs;tpapd;wp Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; nghJkf;fis vr;rupf;if nra;a tpUk;GfpNwhk;.

 

Nrhjplj;ij ek;GNthH mjd; Nfhl;ghLfSf;F vt;tpj mwptpay; mbg;gilAk; fpilahJ vd;gij tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

 

gz;ila fhyj;jpy; NrhjplHfs; nrhy;Yk; gyd;fisAk; mwpTiufisAk; kf;fs; ek;gpdhHfs;. fhuzk; Nrhjplk; khake;jpuq;fNshL gpd;dpg; gpize;J fple;jJjhd;.

 

mtHfs; thd; ntspapy; fhzg;gl;l gUg;nghUl;fs; flTsupd; ciwtplk; my;yJ rFdq;fs; vd;W epidj;jhHfs;. mjdhy; mit cyfpy; eilngWk; epfo;TfNshL kpf neUq;fpa njhlHGilait vd vz;zpdhHfs;.

 

mtHfSf;Ff; Nfhs;fSk; tpz;kPd;fSk; cyfpy; ,Ue;J vt;tsT njhiytpy; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;gijg;gw;wpa mwpT rpwpJk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

 

,d;W ,e;jj; njhiy Jhuq;fs; fzf;fplg; gl;Ltpl;ld. mjdhy; Nfhs;fshYk; mjw;F mg;ghy; fhzg;gLk; tpz;kPd;fshYk; tpistpf;ff; $ba  <Hg;G tpir kw;Wk; jhf;fk; vt;tsT Ez;zsthdJ vd;gij ehk; ghHf;ff; $bajhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

gpwg;gpd; NghJ ,e;jf; Nfhs;fshYk; tpz;kPd;fshYk; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; jhf;fk; vq;fsJ vjpHfhy tho;f;ifia VNjh xUtifapy; jPHkhdpf;fpwJ vd epidg;gJ Kw;wpYk; gpioahFk;. mJ kl;Lky;y> ,e;jj; njhiyJhu tpz;Zyf clypfs;  (heavenly bodies) ,Uf;if rpy ehs;fis my;yJ fhyj;ij Fwpg;gpl;l tpid nra;tjw;F rhjfkhdJ vd;Nwh my;yJ xUtH gpwe;j ,uhrp mtH kw;wtHfNshL xj;Jg;Nghff; $batH my;yJ xj;Jg;Nghf KbahjtH vd;gij KbTnra;fpwJ vd;gNjh cz;ikay;y.

 

kdpjHfs; Vd; Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpwhHfs;? vJTk; epr;rakw;w ,d;iwa cyfpy; KbTfis vLg;gjw;F kw;wtHfsJ topfhl;ly; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;w vz;zk; mtHfSf;F MWjy; mspf;fpwJ> jq;fsJ rf;jpf;F mg;ghy; nja;t rf;jpfshy; Kd;$l;bNa epHzapf;fg;gl;l tpjpia ek;g tpUk;GfpwhHfs;.

 

Mdhy;> vq;fsJ vjpHfhyk; vq;fs; iffspNyNa jq;fpAs;sJ> mJ Jhuj;Jf;  Nfhs;fs; tpz;kPd;fspy; my;y vd;gij czHe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

 

mwpTk; fy;tpAk; mRu tsHr;rpaile;Js;s  ,d;iwa fhy fl;lj;jpy; khake;jpuj;jpYk; %lek;gpf;ifapYk; fl;b vOg;gg;gl;l ek;gpf;iffis mk;gyg;gLj;JtJ mtrpakw;wJ vd;W vz;zj; Njhd;Wk;. Mdhy;> Nrhjplj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; Nghf;Fj; jw;fhy rKjhaj;jpd; rfy kl;lq;fspYk; gutpapUf;fpwJ.

 

Fwpg;ghf Clfq;fs;> Gfo; ngw;w nra;jpj;jhs;fs;> rQ;rpiffs; kw;Wk; Ehy; ntspaPl;lhsHfs; rupahf Ma;T nra;ag;glhj juTfisj; njhlHe;J gug;GtJ vkf;F kpFe;j ftiyia mspf;fpwJ. ,J khjpupahd nraw;ghL gFj;jwpT kw;Wk; Muhar;rpf;F khwhd Nghf;if tsHf;Nt cjTk;.

 

Nghyp NrhjplHfspd; gfl;lhd Nfhupf;iffis NeubahfTk; fhj;jpukhfTk; vjpHnfhs;tjw;fhd fhyk; fdpe;Jtpl;lJ vd ehk; ek;GfpNwhk;.  

 

Nrhjplj;jpy; njhlHe;J ek;gpf;if itf;Fk; NgHtopfs; me;j ek;gpf;iff;F Muha;e;J fz;l ve;jtpj mwptpay; mbg;gilAk; ,y;iy vd;gijj; njupe;J nfhz;Lk;> cz;ikapy; mjw;F vjpuhd tYthd rhd;Wfs; ,Ue;Jk;> mjpy; ek;gpf;if itf;fpwhHfs;.  

 

Sponsoring Committee

(Affiliations, as of 1975, given for identification only.)

Bart J. Bok, emeritus

Professor of Astronomy

University of Arizona

Lawrence E. Jerome

Science Writer

Santa Clara, California

Paul Kurtz

Professor of Philosophy

SUNY at Buffalo

Signed by 183 others, including 18 Nobel Prizewinners

 

"Nrhjplj;Jf;F mwptpay; mbg;gil fpilahJ> vq;fsJ vjpHfhyk; vq;fs; iffspNyNa jq;fpAs;sJ" vd cyfpd; jiyrpwe;j ,e;j mwptpayhsHfs; nrhy;tijg; gbj;Jtpl;lhtJ Nrhjplj;ij ek;GtHfs;> ek;gp VkhWgtHfs; mijapl;L kW rpe;jid nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;jhHfNsahdhy; Nrhjplk; xU Gul;L vd;w KbTf;Ff; fl;lhak; tUthHfs;.

 

Nrhjplk; Gul;L vd;W nrhy;gtHfisg; ghHj;J Nfl;fg;gLk; xU Nfs;tp 'Nrhjplk; ngha; vd;why; my;yJ mjw;F mbg;gil ,y;iy vd;why; Vd; kf;fs; mjpy; njhlHe;J ek;gpf;if itf;fpwhHfs;?' vd;gjhFk;.

 

,jw;fhd tpil vd;dntd;why; Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gk; xUtuJ kdjpy; mJ ngha;apy;iy vd;w vz;zk; ,Uf;fpwJ. NtW thHj;ijfspy; nrhd;dhy; Nrhjplk; Kw;wpYk; cstpay; fhuzq;fspd; mbg;gilapNyNa  ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

 

vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf Nghyp tpisT (placebo) Nrhjplj;jpy; ,lk;ngwyhk;. xUtH mtUf;Fj; njupahky; xU ,dpg;G khj;jpiuig cz;ikahd kUe;J vd;W epidj;J rhg;gpl;lhuhdhy; mtuJ 'Neha;' khwf; $Lk;. mNj khjpup Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gk; xU thbf;iffhuH rhjfkhd Nrhjpl gyidf; Nfl;Fk; NghJ mtUf;F eykhf ,Ug;gJ Nghd;w xU cstpay; jpUg;jp Vw;glf; $Lk;. mJ eilKiwr; rhj;jpaNk.

 

,NjNghd;w cstpay; jpUg;jp fy;iyf; flTs; vd;W ek;gp G+ir> mUr;rid> mgpNrfk;> ahfk;> fhtb>  rhe;jp> tpujk;> jpUtpoh> NjNuhl;lk;> jPHj;jk; MLk;  mbahHfSf;Fk; Vw;gLfpwJ.

 

k#jpapy; my;yh vd;W gpuhHjid nra;gtDf;Fk; Njthyaj;jpy; NaRNt vd;W Njhj;jpuk; nra;gtDf;Fk; ,Nj cstpay; jpUg;jp Vw;gLfpwJ.

 

cz;ikapy; kUe;njd;W epidj;J ,dpg;G khj;jpiuiar; rhg;gpLk; Nehahsp gpd;dH mjpy; ,Ue;J tpLgl KbahJ jtpg;gJ Nghy Nrhjplk; flTs; Nghd;wtw;iw ek;GtDk; ,Nj epiyapy;jhd; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mjdhy; gf;f tpisTfs; $l mtDf;F Vw;glyhk;!

 

NtW gy cstpay; Nfhl;ghLfSk;  njhopw;;glyhk;. Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gk; xUtUf;F mtuJ rhjfj;ijg; ghHj;J vy;yh kdpjHfsplKk; fhzg;gLk; nghJ rhay;fisr; nrhy;yptplyhk;.

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf rhjffhuH Kd; vr;rupf;if cilatH> vspjpy; czHr;rp tag;glf; $batH. kw;wtHfis ek;gp Vkhwf;$batH> ,uf;f Rghtk; cilatH> if Xl;il ,g;gbr; rhjffhuH jd;idg;gw;wp kw;wtHfs; vijr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W Mirg;gLfpwhNuh mtw;iwr; nrhd;dhy; ve;jr; rhjffhuUk; mtw;iw tpOq;fp tpLthH. fhuzk; mit vy;NyhUf;Fk; nghUe;jp tuf;$ba gyd;fs MFk;;!  

 

njupT nra;ag;gl;l epidT (selective amnesia) xUtiur; Nrhjplj;ij ek;gr; nra;ayhk;. tpkhdj;jpy; gazk; nra;Jtpl;L ehL jpUk;Gk; xUtH mtuJ nghjp fhzkhy; Ngha;tpl;lhy; clNd NrhjplH 'ePq;fs; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ rpy rpf;fy;fs; Vw;glyhk;'  vd;W nrhd;dJ mtUf;F Qhgfk; tUfpwJ. NrhjplH nrhy;yp epiwNtwhj gyd;fis trjpahf rhjffhuHfs; kwe;JtpLthHfs;!

 

NkYk; xU NrhjplH gy gyd;fisr; nrhd;dhy; mjpy; xd;wpuz;L ruptu tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ. ,e;jpahtpy; tul;rp Vw;gLk;> tq;fhsj;jpy; nts;sk; Vw;gLk;> ag;ghdpy; epy eLf;fk; Vw;gLk;> ghfp];jhdpy; ,uhZtg; Gul;rp Vw;gLk;> ,];Nuypy;  murpay; jiytH xUtH gLnfhiy nra;ag;gLthH> FLk;gj;jpy; capH ,og;G NeupLk; nghUs; ,og;G NeupLk; ,g;gb Vfg;gl;l gyd;fisr; nrhd;dhy; mjpy; VjhtJ xd;W rup tUk;! mij itj;Jf; nfhz;L NrhjplH jdJ njhopiy ntw;wpfukhfj; njhluyhk;!

 

gy NrhjplHfs; rhjffhuid Neupy; ghHj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;tijNa tpUk;GthHfs;. mg;NghJjhd; mtuplk; ,Ue;J rpy jlaq;fis Neubahfj; jpul;l KbAk;.

 

xUtuJ Rghtk;> ghq;F> gutzp> cil> Ngr;R> Njhw;wk; ,tw;iw itj;Jr; rpy kzpj;Jspfspy; NrhjplH mtiu vil Nghl;Ltpl;L mtw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; rhjfj;ijg; ghHj;Jr; nrhy;YtJ Nghy; Misg; ghHj;J vy;yhtw;iwAk; nrhy;yptpLthH. 

 

rpy NrhjplHfs; rhjffhuHfSf;Fg; ghjfkhd gyd;fisr; nrhy;yp cstpay; mbg;gilapy; mtHfis Nehfbg;gJk;  rhfbg;gJk; cz;L.

 

"cdf;F 18 tajpy; fz;lk;" vd;W xUtDf;F NrhjplH gyd; nrhd;dhy; NghJk;. mJ mtd; Mo;kdj;ij kpfTk; ghjpj;Jg; gjpndl;L taijj; jhz;bdhYk; gaj;jhy; czT cl; nfhs;shky; cly;epiy kpf Nkhrkhfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;L ,we;J tpLthd;. mtdJ Mo;kdk; mtidAk; mwpahky; NrhjplH nrhd;dij nka;ahf;fp tpLfpwJ.

 

rq;f fhyj;jpy; jkpofk; GFe;j rkzHfs; jkpoHfspilNa gutpapUe;j %lek;gpf;iffisf; fLikahff; fz;bj;jhHfs;. %lek;gpf;iffis cyf %lk;> Njt %lk;> ghrhz;b %lk; vd tifg;gLj;jp mjw;F vjpuhfg; gug;Giu nra;jhHfs;.

 

cld;fl;il VWjy;> kiyapy; ,Ue;J Fjpj;J ,wj;jy;> Mokhd ePHepiyfspy; gha;e;J ,wj;jy;> ML Nfhopfisg; gypapLjy; cyf %lk;.    

 

NjtHfs;> nja;tq;fs; ,tw;iw tzq;fpdhy; nry;tk; Kjypatw;iwj; je;J fhg;ghw;WthHfs; vd ek;GtJ Njt %lk;.

 

Fw;wKila newpapy; epd;wtHfisg; G+rpj;jhy; ed;ik fpilf;Fk; vd;W ek;GtJ  ghrhz;b %lk;.

 

eha;f;F eLf;flypy; NghdhYk; ef;Fj; jz;zPHjhd; vd;ghHfs;. ek;ktHfs; fz;lk; tpl;Lf; fz;lk; NghdhYk; mq;Fk; %lek;gpf;iffis %l;il fl;b fhtpf; nfhz;L NghNa jPUNthk; vd;W fq;fzk; fl;b epw;fpwhHfs;. mJTk; vq;Nf? Gfo;  G+j;j nfg;yH> epA+l;ld;> lhHtpd;> fpwfk; ngy;> vbrd;  Nghd;w mwptpayhsHfs; gpwe;j ehLfspy;!

 

mwptpay; fz;L gpbg;Gf;fs; %l ek;gpf;iffis xopj;J mwpnthsp Vw;Wk; vd;W ghHj;jhy; mNj mwptpay; fz;L gpbg;Gf;fis itj;J %l ek;gpf;iffis NkYk; guk;gy; nra;fpd;wd.

 

,e;jg; gzpapy; thndhyp> njhiyf;fhl;rp> jpiug;glk;> nra;jpj;jhs;fs; Kjyplk; tfpf;fpd;wd. kypthd nghOJ Nghf;Ff;fhfTk; gzk; NrHg;gjw;Fk; Nrhjplk;> NjNuhl;lk;> jPHj;jj; jpUtpoh gw;wpj; jkpo; Clfq;fs; gug;Giu nra;fpd;wd! iftpl;L vz;zf;$baitNa Gweilahf cs;sd.  

 

Nrhjplk;> mUs;thf;Fg; Nghd;wit  rkzk; nrhy;Yk; %lk; Nghd;witjhd;. fle;j fpoik ,yz;ld; Igprp thndhyp tpaho khw;wk; (FU ngaHr;rp) gw;wp xU epfo;r;rpiaj; jkpo; ehl;by; ,Ue;J te;j xU ngz; rhkpahupzpia itj;J elj;jpaJ. me;jr; rhkpahupzpapd; nghl;Lf;NfL gw;wp mLj;j fpoik vOJNtd;.

 

 


 

Njhjplg; Gul;L (69)

 

gps;isNa ,y;yhjtUf;F gps;isfshy; rpf;fy;!   

 

Igprp thndhyp elj;jpa epfo;r;rpapd; NghJ ,e;jr; rhkpahupzpaplk; xU ngz; jd; FLk;gr; rpf;fy; gw;wpf; Nfs;tp Nfl;lhH.

 

mtH jdJ rpf;fiyg; gw;wpr; nrhy;Y Kd;dNu rhkpahupzp 'cdf;Fg; gps;isfshy; jhd; gpur;rpid. xd;Wf;Fk; Nahrpf;fhNj! gps;isfs; Fog;gbahf ,Ue;jhYk; ,d;Dk; ,uz;L Kd;W tUlq;fspy; ed;whfg; gbg;ghu;fs;' vd;W nrhd;dhH. rhkpahupzpaplk; mUs; thf;Ff; Nfl;l ngz; mjpHr;rp mile;jhH.  

 

',y;iyak;kh> vdf;Fg; gps;isfNs ,y;iy> mijg; gw;wpj;jhd; Nfl;f te;Njd;' vd;whH.

 

rhkpahuzpapd; Kfj;jpy; kl;Lky;y Igprp xypgug;ghsH Kfj;jpYk; tpsf;nfz;iz tbe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;> mijg; ghHf;f tha;g;gpy;yhky; Nghapw;W!      

 

rhkpahupzpapd; gjpiyf; Nfl;l gpd;dhtJ thndhyp xypgug;ghsUf;F mwpT te;jpUf;f Ntz;LNk? mJjhd; ,y;iy! ,y;yjpy; ,Ue;J cs;sJ tuhJ my;yth?

 

,J ele;J Kbe;j ,uz;nlhU ehl;fspy; mNj thndhypapy;> mNj rhkpahupzp tpaho khw;wk; (FUg; ngaw;rp)  gw;wp mwptpay; tpsf;fk; mspj;jhH.

 

gps;is ,y;yhj ngz;izg; ghHj;J gps;isfshy;jhd; rpf;fy;> xd;Wf;Fk; Nahrpf;fhNj vd;W mUs; thf;Fr; nrhd;d ,e;j %l rhkpahupzpia tpaho khw;wk; gw;wp mwptpay; tpsf;fk; nfhLf;f mioj;j Igprp thndhypapd; mwptPdj;ij ahuplk; nrhy;yp mOtJ vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy.  

 

Nfs;tp: <og;Nghu; KbTf;F tuhjh? rkhjhdk; fpilahjh?

 

gjpy;: gd;dpuz;L tUlq;fSf;F xUKiw tUk; kfhkfk; ,t;tUlk; te;jpUf;fpwJ. MfNt ,t;tUlj;jpw;Fs; <og;Nghu; KbTf;F tUk;> rkhjhdk; fpl;Lk;.

 

Nrr;Nr! ,g;gb kfhkfk; te;jhy; mikjp te;JtpLk; vd;gJ njupahky; 18>000 tp.Gyp tPuHfs; tPzhfg; NghHf;fsj;jpy; tpOg;Gz; gl;L tPur; rhitj; jOtpf; nfhz;lhHfNs? ,e;jr; rhkpahupzp ,jid Vd; 12 Mz;LfSf;F Kd; nrhy;ytpy;iy?

 

xU Gwk;  jpU. Nt. ghyFkhH x];Nyhtpy; ele;j jkpo;r; rq;f nts;sp tpohtpy; NgRk;NghJ jpU%yupd; jpUke;jpuj;ij Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b jkpoHfs; epiyahikj; jj;Jtj;jpy; mkpo;e;J fple;j fhyj;ij vz;zpf; foptpuf;fg;gl;lhH. mtH Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;ba ghly; ,Jjhd;:

 

Cnuy;yhq; $b xypf;f mOjpl;Lg;

Ngupid ePf;fpg; gpznkd;W Ngupl;Lr;

R+iuaq; fhl;bil nfhz;LNgha;r; Rl;bl;L

ePupdpy; %o;fp epidg;nghope; jhHfNs.      (jpUke;jpuk;)

 

'capuhdJ clk;gpdpd;W Mlk;guKk; MuthuKk; ,d;wp ,ufrpakhf ePq;fptpLfpwJ. ,t;tsT ,ufrpakhf mJ ePq;fpdhYk; mjid cwtpdHfs; Cnuy;yhk; mk;gyg; gLj;JfpwhHfs;. gpd;dH gpzj;ijr; RLfhl;by; nfhz;L Ngha; vupj;J tpl;Lj; jz;zPupy; KOfp epidg;ig tpl;L tpLfpwhHfs;' vd;gJ ,jd; nghUs;.

 

,g;gb epiyahikj; jj;Jtk; Ngrpa fhyk; njhiye;J Ngha; xU GJ Cop  gpwe;Jtpl;lJ vd jpU. .ghyFkhH kfpo;r;rp njuptpj;jhH.

 

kWGwk;  jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;F cuk; NrHg;gjhff; $wpf; nfhs;Sk;  Igprp thndhypNah jkpo; kf;fisf; fw;fhyj;Jf;F ,Oj;Jf;f; nfhz;L NghNa jPUNthk; vd;W ky;Yf;F epw;fpwJ!

 

'ey;y khnld;why; CupNyNa tpiy NghapUf;Fk;! re;ijf;F Vd; tUthd;?' vd;W nrhy;thHfs;.

 

mJ Nghy ,e;jr; rhkpfSk; rhkpahupzpfSk; mk;khf;fSk; NrhjplHfSk; <oj; jkpoupd; jiyapy; kpsfha; miug;gJjhd; Rygk; vd epidj;Jf; nfhz;L ,q;fpyhe;J fdlh Nghd;w ehLfSf;Fg; gilnaLf;fpwhHfs;. gzj;ijg; thq;fpf; nfhz;L mtHfis ,e;jpud; re;jpud; vdg; Nghw;wp tpsk;guk; nra;Ak; rpy ClftpayhsHfs; mtHfsJ Ruz;lYf;F cle;ijahf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.    

 

mq;Nf tpLjiyf;fhd xU Nts;tp elf;fpwJ> ,q;Nf %l ek;gpf;iffisg; gug;Gtjw;F Nkil Nghlg;gLfpwJ!

 

mz;ikapy; fdlhTf;Fj; jd;id xU lhf;lH vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L jkpo;ehl;by; ,Ue;J xUtH te;jhH. mtUf;F Igprp thndhyp NghyNt ,q;Fs;s jkpo; thndhypfSk;  gzj;ij thq;fpf; nfhz;L  filia tpupf;fj; jsk; mikj;Jf; nfhLj;jd.

 

mtuplk;  xNunahU kUe;Jjhd; ,Ue;jJ. mij itj;Jf; nfhz;L jPuhj tpahjpfs; vJthapUe;jhYk; - Klf;Fthjk; Kjw; nfhz;L Gw;WNeha; tiu flTs; mUNshL jPHj;J itg;gjhf thndhypapy; nrhd;dhH.

 

Nehahspfspd; cstpay; Kiwahd gytPdj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp xd;W 20 nlhyH tpiyapy; jiyf;F ehY Nghj;jy;fis tpw;Wg; gy Mapuk; nlhyHfisr; rk;ghjpj;Jf; nfhz;L Ngha;tpl;lhH.  

 

,g;gbr; rfy Neha;fisAk; jPHj;J itf;Fk; xU 'rfyNuhf rQ;rPtp' kUe;J ,Ug;gJ cz;iknad;why; mjd; jahupg;G Kiwia mnkupf;fhtpy; cs;s kUe;J jahupf;Fk; epWtdk; xd;wpw;F (Multi-billion Pharmacutical Companies ) gy Nfhb nlhyUf;F tpw;W tplyhNk?

 

kUe;J jahupg;G epWtdk; Ntz;lhk;>  ,q;Nf fdlhtpy; ey;tho;T Ngzy; eLtz; kw;Wk; khfhz muRfSf;Fj; jPuhj jiyapbahf ,Uf;fpwJ. tuT nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; ghjp epjp ,e;j ey;tho;Tj; Jiwf;Fg; Ngha;tpLfpwJ.  rfyNuhf rQ;rPtp kUj;JtH ,q;NfNa xU jdp kUj;Jtkidiaj; jpwe;J Fiwe;j nrytpy; epiwag; Ngiuf; Fzg;gLj;jyhNk? Vd; nra;atpy;iy?

 

,g;gb kUe;jhYk; ke;jpuj;jhYk; mUr;ridahYk; mgpNrfj;jhYk; rhe;jpahYk; Neha; nehb> nghUs; Kil> fpuf Njhrk;> jpUkzj;jil vy;yhtw;iwAk; ePf;fptpLtjhfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L Ciu Vkhw;WgtHfs; jkpo; rKjhaj;jpy; epiwag; NgH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

rq;fPjk; Neha; jPHf;Fk; vd;fpwhHfs;!

 

tup\tHj;jdp ,uhfk; ,irj;jhy; kio nga;Akhk;!

 

#upa ];Njhj;jpuk; nrhd;dhy; fz; Neha; FzkhFkhk;!

 

'fpU\;zh> fpU\;zh' vd;why; ehf;F kbe;J ,jak; gyg;gLfpwjhk;!

 

ma;njOj;J ke;jpuj;ij 108 juk; ehs; NjhWk; nrhd;dhy; ,ja Neha;fs; Fzkhfpwjhk;!

 

FUtha+ug;gd; gQ;ruj;dj;ij nrhd;dhy; thjNeha; Kw;wpYk; ePq;Fkhk;.

 

=ehuhaz m\;lfk; Gw;WNehiaf; Fzg; gLj;Jkhk;!

 

gjpnzz; Guhzq;fspd; ngaH nfhz;l ke;jpuj;ijr;nrhy;yp te;jhNy 'Gj;jpu ghf;fpak;' fpilf;Fkhk;!

 

itj;jpaehj ];Njhj;jpuk; nrhd;dhy; tha; NgrhjtH NgRthHfs;> fhJ Nfl;fhjtHfSf;Ff; fhJ Nfl;Fk;> fz; njupahjtHfSf;Ff; fz; njupAk;> elf;f KbahjtH elg;gH!

 

fUl jz;lfk; nrhd;dhy; ghk;G fbf;fNt fbf;fhjhk;. mg;gbNa fbj;Jtpl;lhYk; eQ;R ,wq;fptpLkhk;!

 

,itnay;yhk; cz;ik vd;why; rfy Neha;fSf;Fk; kzp kzpaha; ke;jpuq;fs; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}upfs; Vd;? kUj;Jt kidfs; Vd;? kUj;Jtg; gbg;G Vd;? kUj;Jt E}y;fs; Vd;?  

 

kUj;jt kidfis %btpl;L> gs;spf;$lq;fis %btpl;L midtUk; gQ;ruj;jpdj;ij> gjpnzz; Guhzq;fisg; gfy; ,untd;W ghuhazk; nra;ayhNk!

 

rq;fPjk; Neha; jPHf;Fk; vd;fpwhHfs;! ,uhfq;fspd; ngaHfisr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;! ve;j Nehahsp Fzkile;jhd;? tptuk; fpilahJ. MdhYk;> ntl;fkpy;yhky; ,ijNa vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. (jpdfud; mUs; - 27-07-2004)

 

#upa ];Njhj;jpuk; nrhd;dhy; fz; Neha; FzkhFkhk;! mg;gb vd;why; rq;fuhr;rhupahH> [PaHfs;> klhjpgjpfs; Vd; 8 Gs;sp 10 Gs;sp %f;Ff; fz;zhb khl;bj; jpupfpwhHfs;?

 

tp\;Z ftrk; tp\;Z rf];uehkk; nrhd;dhy; ,uj;j mOj;jk; FiwAkhk;!

 

FUtha+ug;gd; gQ;ruhj;dj;ijr; nrhd;dhy; thjNeha; Kw;wpYk; ePq;FtJ cz;ikahdhy; thjNeha; jhf;fpa gpr;irf;fhuHfs; FUtha+H Nfhapy; mUfpNyNa FbapUf;fpwhHfNs! mJ vg;gb?  

 

gjpnzz; Guhzq;fspd; ngaH nfhz;l ke;jpuj;ijr; nrhy;yp te;jhNy "Gj;jpu ghf;fpak;' fpilf;Fkhk;! mg;gbnad;why; jhk;guk; kfg;NgW kUj;JtHfs; [Kdh> kUj;JtH fkyh nry;tuh[; Nghd;wtHfs; elj;Jk; jdp kUj;Jkidfis vg;NghNjh %b ,Uf;f Ntz;LNk? Vd; %ltpy;iy?

 

'fpU\;zh> fpU\;zh" vd;why;> ehf;F kbe;J ,jak; gyg;gLfpwjhk;! ma;e;njOj;J ke;jpuj;ijr; nrhd;dhy; ,ja Neha;fs; Fzkhfpwjhk;!

 

,J Kd;dhs; rdhjpgjp fpspd;lDf;Fj; njupahky; Ngha;tpl;lNj! kdpjH jaq;fpj; jaq;fpg; Ngha; Mgj;jhd mWit itj;jpak; (triple by-pass surgery) nra;a Ntz;ba Njit ,Ue;jpUf;fhNj!

 

=ehuhaz m\;lfk; Gw;W Nehiaf; Fzg; gLj;Jkhk;. Gw;W Neha;f;F kUe;J fz;L gpbf;ff; Nfhbf; fzf;fpy; gzj;ij ,iwj;J Muha;r;rp nra;Ak; kUj;JtHfs; ,ijf; ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

itj;jpaehj ];Njhj;jpuk; nrhd;dhy; tha; NgrhjtH NgrKbAk;> fhJ Nfl;fhjtH  Nfl;f KbAk;> fz;Zf;Ff; fz;zhb Ntz;lhk;> elf;f Kbahjtd; elf;fyhk;!

 

mg;gbnad;why; fz;> fhJ kUj;Jt kidfs; Njit ,y;iyNa! n[ag;G+H ntz;Gwh nraw;if cw;gj;jp epWtdq;fs; Njit ,y;iyNa!

 

ehyhtpj Neha;fSf;Fk; kzp kzpaha; ke;jpuq;fs> je;jpuq;fs;> ae;jpuq;fs; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}upfs; Vd;? kUj;Jtkidfs;> kUj;Jtg; gbg;G> kUj;Jt E}y;fs; ,it Njitapy;iyNa!

 

%l ek;gpf;iffis xopj;J mwptpaiy tsHf;f Ntz;ba rpy Clfq;fNs %l ek;gpf;iffSf;F ePH Cw;wp tsHg;gJ Ngia Xl;l te;j G+rhupf;Nf Nga; gpbj;j fij Nghd;wJ!

 

 

 


 

 

Njhjplg; Gul;L (70)

 

vid ehb te;j Nfhs; vd; nrAk;!      

 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L kf;fsJ kdq;fspy; xU jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwJ vd ek;GfpNwd;. gy thrfHfs; kpd;dQ;ry; %yk; ghuhl;b vOjpAs;sdH.  tplhky; njhlHe;J vOJq;fs; vd;W Nfl;fpwhHfs;. mNj rkak; Nrhjplj;ij epahag;gLj;jp vOJgtHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy;> mg;gb vOJNthH vz;zpf;if kpf kpff; FiwT.

 

fle;j thuk; ,q;Fs;s fNdba gy;fyhrhu gz;giy thndhyp (rpvk;MH) 'Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpwPHfsh?' vd;w jiyg;gpy; xU miu kzpj;jpahy epfo;r;rpia elj;jpaJ. thndhyp NeaHfs; fye;J nfhz;L jq;fs; fUj;Jf;fisr; nrhd;dhHfs;.

 

epfo;r;rp Muk;gj;jpy; Nrhjplk; gw;wp vdJ fUj;ijr; nrhy;YkhW Nfl;lhHfs;. xU NrhjplUk; epfo;r;rpapy; fye;J nfhs;tjhf vdf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. Mdhy;> fhw;wiyapy; filrptiu mtH tuNt ,y;iy!

 

Nrhjplj;Jf;F mwptpay; mbg;gil fpilahJ. mJ ntWk; ek;gpf;ifjhd;. Nrhjplk; QhapW Gtpiar; Rw;WfpwJ vd;w mbg;gil ek;gpf;ifapy; fl;bnaOg;gg; gl;Ls;sJ. Mdhy;> cz;ik mJty;y vd;gJ ,g;NghJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupAk;.                                               tpUr;rpfk;

 

,uhrp kz;lyq;fis Gyf; fhl;rpapd; mbg;gilapy; ML> vUJ> rpq;fk;> el;Ltf;fhyp> fd;dp> juhR vd cUtfpg;gJk; me;j capupdq;fsJ Fzhk;rq;fis mtw;wpy; khl;NlW nra;J gyd; nrhy;tJk; ngha;ahdit. gFj;jwpTf;F Kw;wpYk; KuzhdJ.

 

mJ NghyNt ,uhrp tl;lj;ij 12 tPLfshf tFj;J mjw;Fs; ,uhrpfis mlf;FtJ ntWk; fw;gidNa. ,t;thW RUf;fkhf vdJ fUj;ij nrhy;yp Kbj;Njd;. ,jidj; njhlHe;J NeaHfs; fhw;wiyf;F te;jhHfs;.

 

xU cld;gpwg;G  fpufq;fSf;Fg; gupfhuk; nra;jhy; mjpy; gyd; cz;lh? ef;fPud; mJ gw;wp vd;d nrhy;fpwhH? vd;W Nfl;lhH. epfo;r;rpapd; mikg;G mjw;fhd gjpiyr; nrhy;y vdf;F tha;g;Gf; nfhLf;ftpy;iy.

 

fhw;wiyapy; te;J jq;fs; fUj;ijr; nrhd;d NeaHfis %d;W tifahfg; gpupf;fyhk;.

 

    1) Nrhjplj;ij ek;GtHfs;.

 

    2) Nfhjplj;ij ek;ghjtHfs;.

 

    3) Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpNwhk; Mdhy;> NrhjplHfis ek;gtpy;iy vd;gtHfs;.

 

,e;j %d;W gpuptpYk; Vwj;jho rup rkkhd tpOf;fhl;bdH ,Ue;jhHfs;. Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpNwhk; Mdhy;> NrhjplHfis ek;gtpy;iy vd;gtHfs; cz;ikapy; Nrhjplj;ijg; gbf;fhjtHfs;. Nrhjplj;ijg; gbf;fhjtHfs; mij ek;GfpNwhk; vd;W nrhy;tJk; xU ek;gpf;ifjhd;.

 

,q;Fs;s fPjthzp thndhyp mjpgH elh ,uh[;FkhH 'mz;zd; ePq;fs; Nrhjplk; gw;wpr; nrhy;Yfpw fUj;Jf;F ehd; Kw;wpYk; cld;ghL. mjid ehd; nrhy;y  KbahJ. ePq;fNs mijr; nrhy;Yq;fs;. thuj;jpy; miu kzpj;jpahyj;ij mjw;fhf cq;fSf;F xJf;fpj; jUfpNwd;' vd;whH.

 

jiyKiw jiyKiwahf kf;fspd; FUjpapy; Cwpg; Nghd xU %l ek;gpf;ifiaf; fistJ Rygky;y. fy;ypy; ehH cupg;gJ Nghd;wJ> Mdhy;> Kbahj fhupak; vd;W xd;Wk; ,y;iy. mbNky; mb mbj;jhy; mk;kpAk; efUk; vd;ghHfs;.

 

kjq;fspy; ,e;J kjNk Nrhjplj;ij Ntjj;jpd; xU mq;fkhf nja;tPf epiyf;F caHj;jpAs;sJ. tlnkhopapy; mjid N[hjp\; vd;W miof;fpwhHfs;. N[hjp vd;why; xsp> ,\; vd;why; <];tud; vdNt N[hjp\; vd;why; <];tudpd; xsp vd;W nghUs;.

 

Nrhjplk;gw;wp mjHt Ntjj;jpYk; Kz;lf cgeplj;jpYk; vOjg;gl;Ls;sd vd;fpwhHfs;. vdNt ,e;jr; rhj;jpuk; fhyk; fle;jJ mehjpahdJ vd;fpwhHfs;.

 

Ntjfhy Nrhjplk; %d;W gpupTfshf tFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

    1) vjpHfhyg; gyd;fis fzpj;Jr; nrhy;Yk; [hjfk;

    2) fzpjk;

    3) rk;`pj my;yJ kdpjH my;yhj ehLfs;> cyf epfo;r;rpfs; gw;wpa M&lk;.

 

gy up\pfs; Nrhjplk; gw;wp vOjpapUe;jhYk; guhruH vOjpa guhru n`huh rhj;jpuNk mjd; mbg;gil Ehyhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

,e;J kjj;jpy; Nrhjplk; nja;tPf epiyf;F caHj;jg;gl;Ls;sjhy; Nrhjpl rhj;jpupfSk; Nfhapy; mHr;rfHfSk; $l;lzp itj;Jf; nfhz;L ,e;j %l ek;gpf;ifia itj;Jg; gpiog;G elj;JfpwhHfs;.

 

gTj;jk; Nrhjplj;ij ek;gtpy;iy. Nrhjplk; tpyq;Ffspd; rhj;jpuk; vd;W Gj;jH nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.

 

fpwpj;jtk; Nrhjplj;ij ek;gtpy;iy. Nrhjplk; rhj;jhdpd; rhj;jpuk; vdr; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

,];yhk; kjj;jpy; Nrhjplj;Jf;F ,lNk ,y;iy. cUtkw;w vy;yh ty;yikAk; gilj;j my;yhit tpQ;r xU Mw;wy; ,y;iy vd;fpwJ ,];yhk;.

 

flTs; ek;gpf;ifNghy; Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gtjw;F mr;rk;jhd; fhuzk;. Nrhjplk; Gjd; Nfhs; el;Gf; fpufk; vd;W nrhy;fpwJ. Mdhy;> rdpf; Nfhis ghg Nfhshfr; rpj;jupf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; GjDf;F ahUk; G+ir nra;tjpy;iy. vy;yhg; G+irAk; nfl;l rdpaDf;Fj;jhd;.

 

nfl;ltidf; fz;L kf;fs; gag;gLfpwhHfs;. ey;ytidf; fz;L mt;thW mtHfs;  gag;gLtjpy;iy.

 

“Iah! rhkp! gpr;ir NghLq;Nfh” vd;why; ahUk; gpr;ir NghLtjpy;iy. Mdhy;> xU rz;bad; fj;jpiaf; fhl;b “igapy; cs;s gzj;ij vL! ifapy; cs;s fbfhuj;ijf; fol;L” vd;W kpul;bdhy; gaj;jpy; mtd; Nfl;ljw;F Nkyhf vy;yhtw;iwAk; %r;Rg; Ngr;rpd;wpf; nfhLj;J tpLthHfs;!

 

mjpakhd; neLkhdQ;rp nfl;l ehs; nrd;whYk; jPaGs; vjpHg;gl;lhYk; te;jtHfis ntWq;ifNahL mDg;gkhl;lhdhk;. NghH Nkw;nfhs;Sk; NghJ ehSk; NfhSk; ghHg;gjpy;iy vd;W xU Gwg;ghly; (124) njuptpf;fpwJ.

 

jpUQhdrk;ge;jH "ey;ytHf;F ,y;iy ehSk; NfhSk;" vd;fpwhH.

 

khrW jpq;fs; fq;if KbNky; mzpe;njd;

     csNk GFe;j mjdhy;

QhapW jpq;fs; nrt;tha; Gjd; tpahod; nts;sp

     rdp ghk;G ,uz;LKlNd

MrW ey;yey;y mit ey;yey;y

     mbahH mtHf;F kpfNt!     

 

,e;j rk;ge;jH Njthuj;ij irtHfs; ek;Gtjpy;iy.

 

ehnsd; nrAk; tpidjhd; vd;

  nrAk; vid ehb te;j  

Nfhs; vd; nrAk; nfhLq; $w;nwd;

  nrAk; FkNurH ,U

jhSk; rpyk;Gk; ..........................

............................................................

vd; Kd;Nd te;J Njhd;wpbNd

 

vd;w mUzfpupahupd; fe;juyq;fhuj;ijr; irtHfs; ek;Gtjpy;iy. NtW khjpupr; nrhd;dhy; rhj;jpuj;ij ek;GfpwhHfs;. Njhj;jpuj;ij ek;Gtjpy;iy.

 

tho;f;if ,d;gKk; Jd;gKk; epiwe;jJ. ehq;fs; epidg;gJ gy Ntis elg;gjpy;iy. ehq;fs; elf;f tpUk;ghjJ ele;J tpLfpwJ.

 

,jdhy; kdpjd; jd;dk;gpf;if ,oe;J jdJ vjpH fhyj;ijg; gw;wp tPzhfg; gag;gLfpwhd;. mjdhy; Kd; $l;bNa mJ vg;gb ,Uf;Fk; vd;gij mwpa Mtyhf ,Uf;fpwhd;. kdpjdJ ,e;jg; gytPdj;ij rkaKk; rhj;jpuKk; jkJ Ruz;lYf;Fg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wd.  

 

rq;f fhyj; jkpoH (Kw;gFjp) Kw;Nghf;F rpe;jidNahL tho;e;jhHfs;. ,d;gk; Jd;gk; gpwg;G ,wg;G ,Jjhd; ,aw;if vd rq;fg; GytHfs; ghb ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,jpy; ,dpatw;iwr; nra;tNj ,ay;ghf mika Ntz;Lk;.

 

ahJk; CNu ahtUk; NfspH!

jPJk; ed;Wk; gpwH ju thuh

NehjYk; jzpjYk; mtw;Nwhud;d

rhjy; GJtjd;Nw tho;jy;

,dpJ vd kfpo;e;jd;Wk; ,yNk...

 ..............       khl;rpapd;

ngupNahiu tpaj;jYk; ,yNk

rpwpNahiu ,fo;jy; mjdpDk; ,yNk!      (Gwk; 192> 1-6> 11-13)   

 

ed;ikf;Fk; jpd;ikf;Fk;  fhuzq;fs; vkJ nray;fNs md;wp gpwH nfhLj;J tUtJ md;W vd G+q;Fd;wd; vd;w ew;wkpog;; Gytd; ciuf;fpwhd;.

 

XH,y; nea;jy; fwq;f XH,y;

<Hj; jz; Kotpd; ghzp jJk;gg;

GzHe;NjhH G+ mzp mzpag; gpupe;NjhH

igjy; cz;fz; gdpthH Giwg;gg;

gilj;Njhd; kd;w mg;gz; gpyhsd;

,d;dhJ mk;k ,t;Tyfk;

,dpa fhz;f ,jd; ,ay; GzHe;NjhNu!   (Gwk; 194)

 

,d;gKk; ,Lk;igAk; GzHTk; gpupTk;

ed;gfy; mikaKk; ,uTk; Nghy

NtW NtW ,aythfp khW vjpHj;J

cs vd czHe;jid Mapd;.....         (Gwk; 327> 1-4)

 

Nja;jy; cz;ikAk; ngUfy; cz;ikAk;

kha;jy; cz;ikAk; gpwj;jy; cz;ikAk;

mwpahNjhiuAk; mwpaf; fhl;b

jpq;fs; Gj;Njs; jpupjUk;; cyfj;J.....  (Gwk; 27> 11-14)

 

,d;gKk; Jd;gKk; fye;jJjhd; tho;f;if. mJjhd; ,aw;if vd;gijr; rq;f fhyj; jkpoH czHe;jpUe;jdH vd;gij ,g; ghly;fs; vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wd.

 

Vw;fdNt $wpaJ Nghy; Nfhapy;> rkak;> kjk;> vd;w nrhw;fs; njhy;fhg;gpaj;jpYk; ,y;iy.  rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspYk; ,y;iy.

 

xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;l rkak; xd;W jkpoHfSf;F ,y;yhj fhuzj;jhNyNa gpw kjq;fshd itjPfk;> rkzk;> gTj;jk; kpf vspjhfj; jkpofj;jpy; GFe;jd.

 

MupaHfspd; kjq;fs; jkpo; ehl;by; GFe;jNghJ cyfpay; tho;f;ifNa rpwg;Gw;wpUe;jJ. ahf;if ngha;> cyfk; khia vd;w nfhs;if jkpoHfsplk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

 

NghH fhjy; ,it ,uz;LNk mtHfsJ mf tho;f;if Gwtho;f;if Mf ,Ue;jd.

 

mwk;> nghUs;> ,d;gk; %d;WNk cWjpg; nghUs;fs;. kJ> khkprk; tpyf;fg;gltpy;iy. kW cyfk; (tPL NgW) gw;wpa vz;zk; MupaHfshy; GFj;jg;gl;lJ. 

 

 

 


 

 

Njhjplg; Gul;L (71)

 

 

ts;StH top thOq;fs;

 

jkpo; kf;fs; jhk; tho;e;j FwpQ;rp> Ky;iy> kUjk;> nea;jy;> ghiyf;Fupa  epyj; nja;tq;fisNa tzq;fpdhHfs;. Nghupy; tpOg;Gz;gl;ltHfSf;F Cupd; xU Nfhbapy; kuj;jpd; fPo; Jhz; el;L mjpy; nja;t cUtk; nghwpj;J tzq;fpdhHfs;. ML Nfhopfis capHg; gyp nfhLj;jhHfs;.

 

kwf;Fbg; gpwe;j Ky;iy epykf;fSf;F FuTk; jsTk; FUe;Jk; Ky;iyAk; vd;w ehd;Ftpj G+f;fs; my;yJ NtW G+f;fs; ,y;iy> mtHf;F czthdJ tuF> jpid> nfhs;> mtiu vd;w ehd;F my;yJ NtW ,y;iy> mtupilNa epyTk; Fbtif Jbad; Fb> ghzd; Fb> giwad; Fb> flk;gd; Fb vd;w ehd;fy;yJ NtW Fbfs; ,y;iy. ,t;thW gytifg; G+tzpjYk; czTz;lYk; Fbtif NfhlYk; ,r; rpW  Fbapy; cs;shHf;F ,ay;ghapDk; gy flTsH topghL ,ay;gd;W. xU flTis topgLjNy ,ay;ghFk;. nfhk;GfisAila ahidfisf; nfhd;W jhKk; tpOg;Gz; gl;L ,we;j tPuHfsJ epidthf mtHfsJ ngaUk; ngUikAk; vOjp el;l fy;iyf; flTshff; fUjp ney;;iyr; nrhupe;J topgLtjy;yJ ney;iyr; nrhupe;J topgLk; flTs; NtW ,y;iy vdr; rq;fg; GytH khq;Fb fpohH nrhy;fpwhH.

 

mlyFe; Jg;gpd; ..........................

FuNt jsNt FUe;Nj Ky;iynad;W

,e;ehd;F my;yJ G+Tk; ,y;iy

fUq;fhy; tuNf ,Uq;fjpHj; jpidNa

rpWnfhbf; nfhs;Ns nghwpfpsH mtiu

,e;ehd; fy;yJ czhTk; ,y;iy

Jbad; ghzd; giwad; flk;ngndd;                         

,e;ehd;F my;yJ FbA kpy;iy

xd;dhj; nja;tH Kd;dpd;W tpyq;fp

xspNwe;J kUg;gpw; fspnwwpe;J tPo;e;njdf;

fy;Ny gutp dy;yJ

ney;YFj;Jg; guTq; flTSk; ,yNt....... Gwk; 335)

 

rq;f fhyj; jkpo;f; Fbfs; gFj;jwpNthL ,ire;j nja;t topghl;ilf; nfhz;bUe;jdH vd;gJ kdJf;F kl;lw;w kfpo;r;rp jUfpwJ.  

 

irtk; tlGyj;jpy; gpwe;J njd;Gyj;jpy; gutp tsHe;jjhFk;. mJ %thapuk; Mz;L gj;jhapuk; Mz;L goikAilaJ vd;gJ ntWk; Gide;Jiu. nkhfQ;rjhNuhtpy; Mrdkpl;Lj; jiyapy; tise;j vUikf; nfhk;GfNshL Nahfj;jpy; mkHe;jpUg;gJ Nghyf; fhzg;gLk; cUtk; rptDilaJ vd;Wk;  rpt topghL me;jf; fhyj;jpNyNa ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ vd;gJk; ntWk; CfNk!

 

md;iwa itjPf kjk; rq;f fhyj;jpd; ,WjpapNyNa jkpofj;jpy; fhy; nfhs;sj; njhlq;fpaJ. nts;is epwj;jtuhd MupaH jk;ik epyj;NjtH vd;Wk; jk; nkhop Njt nkhop vd;Wk; fUg;G epwj;jtuhd jkpo; kd;dHfis Va;j;J mthfis ek;g itj;jdH.

 

,jdhy; NghH GupahkNy jpuhtpliu nty;yTk;> mtHfis tUzq;fshfg; gpupj;J mbik nfhs;sTk; nra;jdH. 'kd;dd; vt;top Fbfs; mt;top" vd;gjw;F xg;g nghJkf;fSk; %Nte;jH top nrd;wdH.

 

rq;f fhyj;jpy; njhopy; mbg;gilapy; gpupT ,Ue;jJ. gpwg;G mbg;gilapy; gpupT ,Uf;ftpy;iy. njhopy; mbg;gilapy; gpupf;fg;gl;ltHfs; Fbfs; vdTk; Fyq;fs; vdTk; miof;fg;gl;ldH.

 

fpwpj;JTf;Fg; gpd; 2 Mk; Ehw;whz;bNyNa ,e;J rkaf; Nfha;py;fSk; cUt topghl;L KiwfSk; gutpd. rpyg;gjpfhuk; fhkd;> gyNjtd;> ,e;jpud; Nghd;NwhUf;Ff; $lf; Nfhl;lq;fs; (Nfhapy;fs;) ,Ue;jijj; njuptpf;fpd;wJ. gpd;dH mtHfSf;fhd topghL tof;nfhope;J ,we;jd.  

 

KUfid kl;LNk jkpo;f; flTs; vd;W Fwpg;gjd; %yk; vjpHkiwahf vQ;rpa flTsH jkpo;f; flTsH my;yH vd;gJ xg;Gf; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.

 

mupJ mupJ khdplg; gpwg;G mupJ vd;whH mt;itahH. vdNt mLj;j gpwtpiag; gw;wpf; ftiyg;glhky; ,e;jg; gpwg;gpNyNa ehk; nrk;ikahf tho Ntz;Lk;. nrOikahf thoNtz;Lk;. kfpo;NthL thoNtz;Lk;. vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf gFj;jwpNthL tho Ntz;Lk;.

 

ehk; thOk; cyfk; rq;fuH nrhy;tJ Nghy; khia my;y. Gj;jH nrhd;dJ Nghy; Kw;wpYk; Jd;gk; epiwe;jJk; md;W. rkzkjk; nfhy;yhik> Gyhy; cz;zhik> JwT Nghd;wtw;iw msTfle;J tw;GWj;jpajhy; mJ NghH ntWg;gpYk;>  mJ fiy ntWg;gpYk; ngz; ntWg;gpYk; KbTw;wJ.  ,e;J kjk; xUtd; Kw;gpwg;gpy; nra;j ey;tpid jPtpidg; gb gpukdhy; gilf;fg;gLfpwhd; vy;yhk; tpjpg;gbjhd; elf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;tJ fl;Lf;fij. mofhd fw;gid.  

 

Jwtwj;ijAk; kWgpwg;igAk; fHktpidiaAk; tw;GWj;jpa ,e;jr; rkaq;fshy; jkpoH NghHf;Fzj;ij ,oe;jhHfs;. vjpupfNshL Nghuhb nty;yhJ mtHfNshL ,ire;J nry;Yk; rhJf;fshfTk; VkhspfshfTk; cz;L cLj;jp thOk; ,uz;L fhy; khLfshfTk; khwpdhHfs;. cioj;Jg;  nghUs; NjlhJ nghUspd;ik tpjp vd;W mikjpaile;jhHfs;. fhZk; cyfpay; tho;f;if rpw;wpd;gk; vdTk; fhzhj kWTyf tho;f;if Ngupd;gk; vdTk; nrhy;ypj; jkpoh; Kl;lhs;f;fshfg;gl;lhs;.   

 

jkpoUf;Ff; fy;tp kWf;fg;gl;lJ. fy;tp gpuhkzUf;F kl;Lk; cupaJ vd;W nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. 1901 Mk; Mz;L vLj;j Gs;spf; fzf;fpy; jkpo;ehl;by; vOjg; gbf;fj; njupe;j gpuhkzuJ tpOf;fhL 100 Mf ,Ue;jJ> Mdhy;> jkpouJ tpOf;fhL 1.5 kl;LNk. ngz;fspd; tpOf;fhL 0.5 kl;LNk.  

mwpTs;s rKjhak;jhd; Kd;NdWk; mwptpy;yhj rKjhak; gpd;jq;fptpLk;. ,ij mwpe;Jjhd; ts;StH "mwpTilahH vy;yhk; cilahH> mwptpyhH vd;Dila NuDk; ,yH" (If you have knowledge you have everyting. If you don't have knowledge, everything you have amounts to nothing) vd;W mUspAs;shH. Mdhy;> jpUts;StH gpwe;j ehl;by; gpwe;j kf;fs; mwpahik vd;w ,Uspy; %o;fpf; fplf;f Neupl;lJ.  

 

xUtuJ tho;f;if>  mtuJ cly; epiy> kdepiy> Neha; epiy> nghUshjhu epiy mtutuJ kuGtop kw;Wk;  ,g;gpwg;gpy; nra;Ak; nray;fSf;F Vw;g mikAk; vd;gjw;Fg; gjpy; Kg;gpwg;Gf;Fj; jf mikAk; vd;w %lek;gpf;if %isapy; jpzpf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

     1) nja;tPfkhdit vdf; fl;btplg;gl;l ek;gpf;ifapdhy; kdj;jpw;F khj;jpuk; jpUg;jp mspg;gjhd gytpj rlq;Ffisr; nra;tJ %lek;gpf;if epiyj;jpUg;gjw;Fk; tsHtjw;Fk; fhuzpahFk;.

 

    2) rhjp kj NtWghl;ilg; gpupj;Jf; fhl;lf;$ba Mil Mguzq;fs;> kjr; rpd;dq;fs; Mfpa ntspNtlq;fs; %l ek;gpf;iff;F MjhukhFk;.

 

    3) gioa gof;f tof;fq;fis vitahapDk; mtw;wpd; ed;ik jpd;ikfis Muhahky; mtw;wpy; mjpf kupahij itj;Jf;  nfhz;lhLjy; %lek;gpf;iff;F VJthFk;.

 

    4) FUkhHfs; vd;gtHfs; jq;fs; clk;ig tUj;jp Ntiy nra;ahky; nghUs; NrHf;fTk;> Rfkhf thoTk; Mir nfhz;L Vw;gLj;jpAs;s gytpjkhd #o;r;rpfis ek;Gjy;> ,e;ek;gpf;ifapdhy; VkhWjy; Mfpit %l ek;gpf;ifia tsHg;gjhFk;.

 

    5) fHtj;ij cz;lhf;FtJ> GJikia cz;lhf;FtJ Mfpa vz;zq;fisf; nfhz;lhLjYk; %lek;gpf;iff;F VJthFk;.

 

    6) flTs;  Ntz;batHfSf;F ed;ikAk; Ntz;lhjtHfSf;Fj; jPikAk; nra;tJ NghyTk;> ngz;L gps;isfSld; tho;tJ NghyTk;> ,ope;j nray;fisAk; ntWf;fj; jFe;j nray;fisAk; nra;tJ NghyTk;> jufHfs; flTisf; fw;gid nra;J kdpjidg; Nghy itj;Jf; nfhz;lhLtjdhYk; %l ek;gpf;if cyfpy; guTfpwJ.

 

    7) kdpjd; mwpT tsHr;rp ngwhky; fhl;L kpuhz;bahf ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; Neha; Kjypa jPikfs; Vw;gl;l NghJ mitfis itj;jpaj;jpd; %yk; ePf;fpf; nfhs;s top njupahky; ,Ue;jhd;. mg;nghOJ mtd; vtw;iwj; nja;tnkd;W ek;gpf;nfhz;bUe;jhNdh mtw;iwj; jdJ jPikfisAk; ePf;Fk;gb Ntz;bf; nfhz;lhd;. ,t;thW jdf;F NeHe;j jPikfis ePf;FkhW Ntz;bf;nfhs;Sk;  gof;fk; khe;j tuyhw;wpd; fhl;Lkpuhz;bg; gUtj;jpy; Vw;gl;l gof;fk; vd mwpahky;> mg;gof;fj;ijNa ,g;NghJk; nfhz;lhbf; nfhz;bUg;gJ %lek;gpf;ifia tsHf;fpwJ. 

 

%lek;gpf;ifia xU Fuq;Ff;F xg;gpl;Lf; $wyhk;.  Fuq;F ,ay;gpNyNa FWk;Gj;jdKilaJ> mjd; ifapy; mfg;glf;$ba nghUis mJ Rk;kh itj;jpUf;Fkh? me;jg; nghUs; jhd; cUg;gbahf ,Uf;Fkh? mJ Nghy %lek;gpf;ifNa nfLjpahFk;. mJ kjj;NjhL NrUk;NghJ Fuq;F fs; Fbj;jJ Nghy NkYk; mjpf jPikiar; nra;fpwJ.

 

ey;y czntd;whYk; mtw;iw ehs;g;gl itj;jpUg;NghNkahdhy; mjpy; GOf;fs; nespAk;. mJ Nghy ey;y kjKk; $l fhyk; Nghfg; Nghf nghUsw;w rlq;Ffshf khWfpwJ.

 

jkpo;g; GytHfspy; ts;StH xUtNu rpwe;j gFj;jwpthsH. rkaf; fzf;fH Nfs;tp Nfl;fhky; jhk; nrhy;tij ek;Gq;fs; vd;W nrhd;d nghOJ ts;StH kl;LNk  vg;nghUs; ahH ahH tha;f; Nfl;gpDk; mg;nghUspd; cz;ikiaf; fhz;gNj mwpthFk; vd;whH. NkYk; vg;nghUs; vj;jd;ikj;J MapDk;> mg;nghUsplj;jpy; cs;s cz;ikahd ,ay;ig mwptNj mwpT vd;whH.

 

ts;StUf;F Kd; ,g;gbr; nrhd;dtH Gj;jH kl;LNk. mtUk; Md;khit kWj;Jtpl;L ,Utpidf;F Vw;g kWgpwg;G cz;nld;W nrhy;yptpl;lhH. ts;StH ,e;j cyfpy; tho;thq;F tho kf;fSf;F topfhl;batH. jkpopdj;jpd; kPJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gpw gz;ghl;Lg; gilnaLg;Gf;F Ntyp fl;batH.  

 

jpUf;Fwspy;  'KO Kjw;flTs;"; gw;wpNah 'Md;kh' gw;wpNah vq;Fk; Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy. jpUts;StH flTs; vd;w nrhy;iy ahz;Lk; Mstpy;iy. ,iwtd; vd;w  nrhy;iy ,UKiw ifahs;fpwhH. ,iwik vd;gJ Fzkw;w jdpg;nghJg; Nguhw;wy;. kf;fs; tho;f;ifia caHj;jhj ,iwf; nfhs;if Kisf;fhj tpij> G+f;fhj nrb> fha;f;fhj kuk;> tpisahj epyk;> jz;zPH ,y;yhj MW>  cohj khL> vyp gpbf;fj; njupahj G+id> <zj;njupahj gR Mfpait Nghd;W gadw;wit.  ,iwnewp tpsq;fKbahj rpf;fy; epiwe;j jj;Jtk; md;W> my;yJ tho;f;iff;Fg; gpd; epfOk; newpAk; md;W.

 

ts;StH tpid mWg;igf; $wtpy;iy. mth mWg;igf; $WfpwhH. tpidahw;wj; Jhz;LtNj ,iwtopghL.

 

Co;f;nfhs;if gw;wp ts;StH kpf El;gkhf tpsf;FfpwhH. Co; mjpfhuj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; gj;Jf; Fws;fspYk; Kw;gpwg;Gf; Fwpg;Ngh> gotpidf; Fwpg;Ngh> NkYyff; Fwpg;Ngh ,k;kpAk; ,y;iy. #o;epiy fhuzkhfNt xUtd; nry;tNkh> mwpNth NrHj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhd;. ,uz;ilAk; ngWtJ mupa #o;epiy.

 

ey;yit jPaitahfpg; NghtJz;L. jPait ey;yitahfpg; NghtJk; cz;L. xUtdJ Ehy; mwpT gue;Jgl;ljhapDk; me;jr; nraw;if mwpittpl mtdJ ,aw;if mwpNt kpFe;J epw;Fk;.

 

jdpkdpj nrayOj;jq;fs; cyifj; jhf;Fk;> cyfr; #oy; mOj;jq;fs; jdpkdpjidAk; jhf;Fk;.

 

M$o;> Ngh$o; vd;W epiyahf vJTkpy;iy. xUtdJ M$o; ,d;ndhUtDf;F Ngh$o; MFk;. xUtDf;F Kd;G Ngh$ohf ,Ue;jJ gpd;G M$ohff; $Lk;.

 

Co; vd;gJ Kw;gpwg;gpw; nra;j go tpid md;W. Co; vd;gJ ehk; thOk; cyfr; #o;epiy. Co; mjpfhuj;jpy; (38) Copd; typikia tw;GWj;jpa ts;StH Ms;tpid cilik mjpfhuj;jpy; (62) ,iltplhJ Kaw;rp nra;jhy; me;j Cio nty;yyhk; vd;fpwhH.

 

tPL NgW (rPthd;kh gukhd;thNthL ,izjy;) gw;wpAk; jpUf;Fws; vJTk; Ngrtpy;iy. jpUf;Fwspy; rkaf; Nfhl;ghLfs; ,y;iy. rkak; nrhy;Yk; flTs; -cyfk; - capH gw;wpNah mtw;Wf;F ,ilapyhd cwT gw;wpNah jpUf;Fwspy; ahJk; nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy.

 

rkaq;fs; tpid> tpidg;gad; Mfpatw;iw khw;wr; nrhy;Yk; topKiwfs; jpUf;Fwspy; ,y;iy. jpUts;Stupd; tpidf; Nfhl;ghL ,e;j cyfj;ijg; gw;wpaJ. mLj;j cyfj;ijg; gw;wpaJ my;y. xUtd; nra;j tpidfs; mtw;Wf;Fupa tpidg; gad;fs; ,e;j cyfj;jpNyNa te;J NrUk;. Kw;gfypy; kw;wtHfSf;F tpisj;j Jd;gk; gpw;gfypy; tpid nra;jtid te;J NrUk;.

 

xUtdJ epoy; mtid vg;NghJk; gpd; njhlHtJ Nghy; 'jPait nra;jtH nfLjy; epoy;jd;id tplhJ mb ciwe;jw;W" vd;fpwhH. tpidf;Fupa tpisTf;Fg; gpw Mw;wy; fhuzkpy;iy. mit jhNk tUfpd;wd vd;fpwhH ts;StH.

 

jpUf;Fws; $Wk; nka;AzHT 'kUs; ePq;fp khrWj;jy;' 'ma;aj;jpd; ePq;fpj; njspjy;" 'vg;nghUspYk; nka;g; nghUs; fhz;gJ' vd;gjhFk;.

 

kj;Jthr;rhupauhy; nrhy;yg;gl;l gukhd;khTk; rPthd;khTk; NtW Ntnwd;w Jitjk;.

 

nghUspay; cyfk; khia> gpuk;kk; cz;ik. gpukj;jpy; ,Ue;J Ntwhd Md;khf;fs; ,y;iy> gpukk;jhd; midj;Jkha;j; njupfpwJ> gpukKk; capHfSk; gpupg;gpd;wp cs;sd>  mit ,uz;by;iy xd;Wjhd; (,Ujpwd; md;ik) vd;Dk; mj;Jitjk;.

 

cyfj;jpDs;Sk; capupDs;Sk; CLUtp ,uz;lwf; fye;J flTs; epw;fpwhd;. vy;yh ty;yikAk; gilj;j flTs;jhd; %y fhuzk;> mz;lk; (gpugQ;rk;) fhupakhFk; vd;w tprpl;lhj;itjk; Kjypa rpf;fyhd Nfhl;ghLfs; jpUf;Fwspy; nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy.

 

rq;fuH Ntjhe;jp> vdNt mtuJ mj;itjj;ij irt rpj;jhe;jpfs; Vw;f khl;lhHfs; vd;gJ njupe;jNj. vdNt irtrpj;jhe;jpfs; Rj;j mj;Jitjk; vd;w ,d;ndhU Nfhl;ghl;il cUthf;fpdhHfs;.

 

flTs;> cyfk;> capH Mfpa %d;iwAk; xd;whf ,izj;J epw;gJ jpUtUs; xd;Nw. capUld; ,iwtd; xd;wha;> Ntwha;> cldha; vd;w %d;W jd;ikfspYk; ,ize;J epw;fpwhd;. clk;ig elj;Jfpw capuhdJ vg;gb clNyhL mj;Jtpjkha; fye;jpUf;fpwNjh mt;thNw flTSk; cyfj;NjhL fye;J epw;fpwhd;. cliy capH nrYj;Jk; NghJ xd;whAk;> nghUl; jd;ikapy; capH NtW ,iwtd; NtW. capH ,iwtd; my;y vd;gNj rpj;jhe;jf; (,iwtNd capH vd;gJ Ntjhe;jf; nfhs;if) nfhs;if. capUf;F capuha; ,iwtd;  ,Ug;gpDk; capH GupAk; ed;ik jPikfSf;F mtd; rhl;rpaha; cld; ,Ug;ghNd xopa mjdhy; ghjpf;fg;glkhl;lhd;.

 

,e;jf; Nfhl;ghLfis cUthf;fpatHfs; ,y;yhj CUf;Fg; NghFk; top fhl;batHfs;. Xt;nthUtUk; jq;fs; jq;fs; mwpTf;F vl;bathW capH> cyfk;> ,iwtd; vd;w %d;wpdJ cwitj; jj;Jtkhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;.

 

jpUf;Fwspy; ,g;gbr; rpf;fyhd> ahUk; vspjpy; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sKbahj Nfhl;ghLfs; fpilahJ. 

 


 

 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L (72)

 

Nrhjplk; vd;gJ %lj;jdk;! mwptpay; cq;fs; %yjdk;!

 

Jwf;fk; (nrhHf;fk;)  vd;gJk; epuak; (eufk;)  vd;gJk; xUtpj kd czHTjhd;. mit ntWk; fw;gid. thd ntspapy; tpupe;J fplg;git my;y. rl;lk; ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy; kf;fisg; gaKWj;jp FKjha xOq;if epiyehl;lr; nrhy;yg;gl;l ngha;fs; mit. Jwf;fKk; epuaKk; ,t;Tyfpy; xUtd; jhd; nra;fpw tpidapd; mWtilahFk;. tpid ,d;g czHit Vw;gLj;Jk; NghJ Jwf;fKk; Jd;g czHit Vw;gLj;Jk; NghJ eufj;ijAk; cz;lhf;FfpwJ.

 

jpUts;StuJ Fwpf;Nfhs; mwpTila rhd;NwhH nfhz;l FKjhaj;ij cUthf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj. mjw;F Ntz;baJ md;G> mwd;> mUs;> xOf;fk;> xg;GuT> gopf;F mQ;Rjy;> el;GwT> fz;Nzhl;lk; (civility) cz;ik Kjypad MFk;.

 

"ngUikf;Fk; Vidr; rpWikf;Fk;> jj;jk; fUkNk fl;lisf; fy;" vd;whH. mjhtJ kf;fSila ngUikiaAk; rpWikiaAk; mwpAk; ciufy;yhf ,Ug;git mtutH nray;fNs MFk;. Gwf; fhuzk; ,y;iy vd;whH.

 

"xOf;fk; tpOg;gk; jUk;. Mjyhy; mJ capiutpl NkyhdJ" vd;whH.  

 

xOf;fk; gw;wpj; jpUts;StH njhlHr;rpahfg; gj;J mjpfhuq;fspy; tpsf;fpf; $WfpwhH.

 

"nts;sj;J mida kyH ePl;lk;> khe;jHjk; cs;sj;J midaJ caHT" vd;fpwhH. ,ijNajhd; jhAkhdtH kdkJ Rj;jkhdhy; ke;jpuk; Njitapy;iy vd;whH.

 

"cs;StJ vy;yhk; caHTs;sy;> kw;wJ js;spDk; js;shik ePHj;J' vd;fpwhH. mjhtJ caHitg; gw;wpNa vz;Zjy; Ntz;Lk;. mJ $lhtpl;lhYk; mt;thW vz;Ztijf; iftplf; $lhJ vd;fpwhH.

 

"nraw;ghyNjhUk; mwNd> xUtw;F caw;ghy NjhUk; gop" vd;fpwhH. xUtDf;F nra;aj; jf;fJ ey;tpid. nra;aj; jfhjJ jPtpid.

 

"nghUspyhHf;F ,t;TyF ,y;iy vd;gJ ngha;nkhop ,y;iy" vdNt nghUisj; NjLq;fs;. jPtpid topapy; my;yhJ ey;topapy; nghUis <l;l Ntz;Lk;.

 

gpwdpy; tpioahik> mOf;fhwhik> nt/fhik> Gwq; $whik> jPtpid mr;rk;> xg;Gutwpjy;> <if> md;Glik> mUSlik  ey; mwq;fshFk;.

 

fs;Sz;gtH eQ;Rz;gtH vd;fpwhH jpUts;StH. fs;Sk; ngha;Ak; fhkKk; nfhiyAk; fsTk; gQ;rkhghjfk; vd;fpwJ kzpNkfiy. Fbiaf; nfLf;Fk; Fbg; gof;fj;jpw;F MshdtHfs; mjid mbNahL iftpl Ntz;Lk;. Gif gpbj;jYf;F mbik MdtHfSk; mt;thNw nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

 

kjq;fs; xOf;fj;ijtpl gf;jpNa rpwe;jJ vd;fpd;wd.

 

gftj; fPijapy; fz;zd;  'vy;yh mwq;fisAk; tpl;L tpl;L vd;dplk; ruz;GF. vy;yhg; ghtq;fspypUe;Jk; cd;id ehd; tpLtpf;fpNwd;' ( fPij 18-66) vd;fpwhd;.

 

mwk; nra;aj; Njitapy;iy> xOf;fk; Njitapy;iy gf;jp nra;jhy; NghJk; nfhiyfhudhf ,Ue;jhYk; mtDf;Fj; Jwf;fj;jpd; fjTfs; jpwf;fg;Lk;. ,e;Jf;fs; nfhz;lhLk; rptuhj;jpupf; fij ,ijj;jhd; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

jpUkq;if Mo;thH ehfgl;bdk; gTj;jtpfhiuapy; ,Ue;j Gj;jupd; jq;fr; rpiyiaf; fsTnra;J =uq;fk; NfhapYf;Fj; jpUg;gzp nra;jhH. khzpf;fthrfH ghz;ba kd;dd; Fjpiu thq;ff; nfhLj;j gzj;ijf; ifahb Nfhapy; fl;bdhH.

 

ngupaGuhzj;jpy; nrhy;yg;gLk; gy fijfs; gf;jpf;fhf ve;j NeHikaw;w mehfupfr; nraiyAk; nra;ayhk; vd;fpwJ.

 

xU ehadhH jpde;NjhWk; #jhbg; ngw;w gzj;jpy; Nfhapy; jpUg;gzp nra;jhH. rpWj; njhz;lH vd;w ehadhH rptdbahH Nfl;lhH vd;gjw;fhf jdJ gps;isia ntl;bf; fwp rikj;J tpUe;J itj;jhH.  ,aw;gif ehadhuplk; rptdbahH mtuJ kidtpiaj; jd;NdhL mDg;gp itf;FkhW Nfl;lNghJ mg;gbNa jd; kidtpia rptdbahNuhL mDg;gp itj;jhH. cw;whUk; CuhUk; vjpHj;jNghJ ntwpNahL mtHfis kOthy; ntl;b tPo;j;jpdhH.

 

tptpypa Ntjj;jpy; flTs; Nfl;ljw;F ,zq;f jdJ xNu gps;isia (Issac) ntl;bg; gypnfhLf;f Vg;ufhk; Kd;te;j fij $wg;gLfpwJ. ey;y fhykhf gps;isiag; gyp Nfl;l flTs; gpd;dH kdk; khwp ML xd;iw ntl;bg; gyp nfhLj;jhy; NghJk; vdr; nrhy;yptpl;lhH. Vg;ufhkpd; gf;jpiar; Nrhjpf;fNt flTs; ,t;thW gyp Nfl;ljhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy;> flTs; tpisahl;Lf;Fj;jhDk; eugyp Nfl;gtH vd;w fij flTs; ,yf;fzj;Jf;F fsq;fk; fw;gpg;gJ MFk;.  gps;isf;Fg; gjpy; ML gypnfhLf;fg;gl;lhYk; me;j ML vd;d ghtk; nra;jJ?  ,d;W $l me;j ehisf; nfhz;lhLk; NghJ ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd MLfis ,];yhkpaH <T ,uf;fkpd;wp ntl;bg; gyp nfhLf;fpwhH! (Deuteronomy 12:31)

 

,t;thwhd mUtUg;ghd fijfs; kdpjd; ehfupfk; milahj fhl;Lkpuhz;bf; fhyj;jpy; Gidag; gl;litahFk;.  mtHfis kd;dpf;fyhk;.

 

Mdhy; ,g;gb xOf;fj;jpw;Fk;> NeHikf;Fk;> mwptpw;Fk; khwhd kjq;fs; ek; tho;Tf;Fg; gad;gLkh vd;gij xt;nthUtUk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

"mwk; vdg;gLtJ kd;DapHf;F vy;yhk; cz;bAk; cilAk; ciwASk; nfhLj;jy; my;yJ Ntwpy;iy" 

 

"kz;jpzp Qhyj;J tho;NthHf;F vy;yhk; cz;b nfhLj;NjhH capH nfhLj;NjhNu" vd;fpwJ kzpNkfiy. 

 

mwk; nra;Aq;fs;. kw;wtHfSf;F cjTq;fs;. cq;fs; tUthapy; ,uz;L tpOf;fhl;il mwr; nra;iffSf;Fr; nrytpLq;fs;. rhehs; tUk; tiu fhj;jpUf;fhjPH.

 

md;d rj;jpuk; Mapuk; itj;jy;

Myak; gjpdhapuk; ehl;ly;

md;d ahtpDk; Gz;zpak; Nfhb

Mq;NfhH Viof;F vOj;jwptpj;jy;..........

 

vd;w  ghujpahupd; thf;ifg; nghd;Nd Nghy; Nghw;wp elTq;fs;.   

 

mwk; vd;gJ kdj;Jf; fz; khrpyd; Mjy;. kw;wit vy;yhk; ntWk; Muthuk;. nghwhik> mth> Nfhgk;> fLQ;nrhy; ,e; ehd;Fk; fbe;J elj;jy; mwkhFk;.

 

kdj;jJ khrhf khz;lhH ePuhb

kiwe;njhOFk; khe;jH gyH.             (Fws; 278)

 

kopj;jYk; ePl;lYk; Ntz;lh cyfk;

gopj;jJ xopj;J tpbd;                 (Fws; 280)

 

Gwj;Jha;ik ePuhy; mikAk; mfj;Jha;ik

tha;ikahy; fhzg;gLk;.                (Fws; 298)

 

gFj;Jz;L gy;YapH Xk;Gjy; EhNyhH

njhFj;jtw;Ws; vy;yhk; jiy           (Fws; 322)

 

Kaw;rp jpUtpid Mf;Fk; Kaw;wpd;ik

,d;ik GFj;jp tpLk;.                  (Fws; 616)

 

mLf;fp tupDk; moptpyhd; cw;w

,Lf;fz; ,Lf;fl; gLk;.                 (Fws; 625)  

 

gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh TapHf;Fk; rpwg;nght;th

nra;njhopy; Ntw;Wikahy;.              (Fws; 972)

 

tho;f;if vd;gJ xU fiy> mjd; topfhl;b jpUf;Fws;!

 

jpUf;Fwis ehs;NjhWk; gbj;J mjd;gb thof; fw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs;!

 

kW cyFgw;wpf; ftiyg;glhJ ,e;j cyfpy; ,d;Gw;W thOq;fs;!

 

'cz;lhy; mk;k ,t;Tyfk; gpwHf;nfd

thOeH cz;ikahNd'

 

vd;W GwehDhW NgRfpwJ. jdf;nfd thohky; gpwUf;fhfNt thOk; rhd;NwhH ,Ug;gjhy;jhd; ,e;j cyfk; jisj;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

jpUf;Fwspy; cs;s kUe;J mjpfhuj;ijg; gbj;J mjd;gb thof; fw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. cq;fs; cly;eyk; kdeyk; ePq;fs; cz;Zk; czT> Fbf;Fk; jz;zPH> Rthrpf;Fk; fhw;W> mfj;Jha;ik kw;Wk; Gwj;Jha;ik> Nghjpa cwf;fk; Nghd;wtw;wpy; jq;fpapUf;fpwJ.

 

mUr;rid mgpNrfk; NjHj; jpUtpoh nra;jhy; ghtk; fiuAk; kW cyfk; fpilf;Fk; vd;Nwh gpuhHj;jid nra;jhy; Kf;jp fpilf;Fk; vd;Nwh ts;StH nrhy;ytpy;iy. mjdhy; rkathjpfs; jPf;Fwis XNjhk; vd;W nrhy;yptpl;lhHfs;.

 

',njy;yhk; vd; tpjp!  Nghjhj fhyk;'  vd;W jiyapy; if itj;J cl;fhHe;J tplhjPH. jd;dk;gpf;if nfhs;Sq;fs;.  tho;tpy; ntw;wpngw jd;dk;gpf;ifAk; tplhKaw;rp.Ak; Ntz;Lk;.

 

'gpuhHj;jid> Muhjid ,tw;why; gQ;rk; jPuhJ.  cioj;jhy;jhd; gQ;rk;  jPUk;. ,jw;F mwpT> Mw;wy;> ek;gpf;if ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. rpy Nrhk;Ngwpfs; ,Ug;gjhy;jhd; ehL  gpd;jq;fpa epiyapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. NkYk; mwpahik> %lek;gpf;if ek; ehl;by; mg;gbNa ,Uf;fpwJ' vd;fpwhH ftpauR ituKj;J.

 

gpwHf;F ftiyAk; Jd;gKk; nra;ahJ ePq;Fq;fs;!

 

ngha; NgrhjPH> Gwq; $whjPH!

 

mwk; nra;Aq;fs;> nra;ed;wp kwthjPH!

 

jPNahH el;ig tpyf;Fq;fs;> ngha;r; rhl;rp nrhy;yhjPH!

 

nghUs; nkhopfisf; Nfl;gjpypypUe;J ePq;fhjPH!

 

ey;NyhH mitapidj; Njb milAq;fs;!

 

jPNahH mitapypUe;J jg;gpg; gpioAq;fs;!

 

gpwH kid mQ;Rq;fs;> Jd;gKWk; capHfisf; fhg;ghw;Wq;fs;!

 

,y;ywj;ij tpUk;Gq;fs;> mwky;yhjtw;iw ntWj;J xJf;Fq;fs;!

 

fs;> fsT> fhkk;> ngha;> gadpy; nrhy;> nghwhik> tQ;rfk; Mfpatw;iw  xopf;Fk; tifawpe;J xopAq;fs;!

 

fiyAiuj;j fw;gidia epiynadf; nfhz;lhLk;

fz;%bg; gof;fnkyhk; kz;%bg; Nghfl;Lk;!

 

FyKk; Xd;Nw NjtDk; xd;Nw!

gpwg;Gk; xd;Nw ,wg;Gk; xd;Nw!

 

NjLfpw Guhznky;yhk; ngha;!

MLfpw jPHj;jnky;yhk; mRj;jk;!

 

cs;sj;jpy; cz;ik xsp Ntz;Lk;!

thf;fpdpy; tha;ik Ntz;Lk;!

 

ey;yJ nra;jy; Mw;wPuhapDk;

my;yJ nra;jy; Xk;Gkpd;!

 

jputpak; NjLq;fs;!

 

gpwH nghUs; fuNty;!

 

tUthaf;F Nky; nryT nra;ahjPHfs;

 

#J tpUk;Ngy;!

 

giftHfis ek;ghjPH!

 

Rw;wj;jpw;F moF #o ,Uj;jy;!

 

jha; je;ij NgZq;fs;!

 

ey;y FLk;gk; xU gy;fiyf; fofk;!

 

kf;fs; gzpNa ,iwtd; gzpnad epidAq;fs;!

 

vz;Zk; vOj;Jk; fz;znddj; jFk;!

 

Ehy; gy fw;W mwpitg; ngUf;Fq;fs;!

 

rhjpg; gpuptpdpy; rhj;jpuf; Fg;igapy;

rhjfj;jpy; gQ;rhq;fj;jpy; jPia %l;Lq;fs;!

 

%lek;gpf;iffis tpl;nlhopAq;fs;!
 

Gj;jpiaj; jPl;;Lq;fs;!

 

gFj;jwpNthL thOq;fs;!

 

mwptpay;> nghUspay;;> fiy> gz;ghl;Lj; jsq;fspy; Vida ,dj;jtH Nghy; jkpoH cyfpy;  jiy epkpHe;J epw;f Ntz;Lk;. ,d;gNk ve;ehSk; Jd;gk; ,y;iy!

 

Nrhjplk; xU Gul;L vd;gij mirf;f Kbahj rhd;WfNshL ,e;j Ehiy vOjpAs;Nsd;. ,ijg; gbj;jtHfs; jq;fs; cw;whH cwtpdH ez;gHfs; MfpNahiu Nrhjplf; Gul;by; ,Ue;J kPl;nlLj;J Fws; top thof; fw;Wf; nfhLq;fs;. 

 

Njhjplk; vd;gJ %lj;jdk;! mwptpay; cq;fs; %yjdk;!

 

(Kw;Wk;)

 


mUQ;nrhy; tpsf;fk; 

mr;R -  Gtpapd; eLNt nry;tjhff; fw;gid nra;ag;gLk; jz;L.  ,J Gtpapd; Rw;Wg;ghijf;F 23.27  ghif rupe;jpUf;fpJ.

Axis   -     An imaginary stick going through the center of the earth or geometric object that rotates or may be conceived to rotate. . It is tilted 23.27  degrees  with respect to earth's orbit.

mr;Rj; jpirkhw;wk;  -  xU gk;guj;jpd; mr;R ntsp Mw;wy; fhuzkhf jdJ mr;rpy; js;shbf; nfhz;L Rw;WtJ Nghd;w mirT.  

Precession                       -     The motion of the axis of a spinning body, such as the wobble of a spinning top, when there is external force acting on the axis. 

mlHj;jp     nrwpT> neUf;fk;> nrwpkhdk;> gUt msTld; vilkhdj;Jf;Fs;s tpOf;fhL.

Density             -      The mass per unit volume of a substance under specified conditions of pressure and temperature.

mbthdk;    -  xU Nehf;FeH ghHitapy; thDk; kz;Zk; xd;iw xd;W njhLk; my;yJ gpupf;Fk; xU NfhL.  

Horizon             -     The apparent intersection of the earth and sky as seen by an observer.  The line that separates earth from sky.

mad Ke;J epfo;T   -   QhapW> jpq;fs; kw;Wk; Nfhs;fspd; <Hg;Gf; fhuzkhf Gtpapd; mr;R QhapW Rw;Wg; ghijapy; gpd;Nehf;fp Nkw;Fj; jpirapy; js;Sg;gLj;jy;.  

Precession of equinoxes    -      A slow gyration of the earth's axis around the pole of the ecliptic, caused mainly by the gravitational pull of the sun, moon, and other planets on the earth's equatorial bulge. It causes a  slow westward shift of the equinoxes along the plane of the ecliptic, resulting from precession of the earth's axis of rotation, and causing the equinoxes to occur earlier each sidereal year. The precession of the equinoxes occurs at a rate of 50.27 seconds of arc a year. A complete precession requires 25,800 years.

mkhthir -  GJepyh my;yJ ctTkjp.  New Moon

Mz;L    -  Gtp Qhapiwr; Rw;wptUk; fhyg; gFjp. ,J 365.24219 ehs;fisf; nfhz;lJ

,aYyfk; -  mz;lk; (tl nkhop) Gtp> ghy;kz;lyq;fs; kw;Wk;
ntsp  cl;gl vy;yhj; jplg;nghUisAk; Mw;wiyAk; cs;slf;fpa nkhj;j ntsp.

Universe     -       All matter and energy, including the earth, the   galaxies and the contents of intergalactic space, regarded as a whole. 

,Uf;if  -   ,Ug;G> epiy> ,lk;>

Position      -       A place or location 

<Hg;G     -   QhapW> Nfhs;> tpz;kPd; Kjypa tpz; nghUs;fspd; ,aw;iff; ftHr;rpia xU epiyapy; Fwpg;gJ. xU nghUs; ,d;ndhU nghUisf; ftUk; tpir.

Gravity       -      The natural force of attraction exerted by a celestial body, such as Earth, upon objects at or near its surface, tending to draw them toward the center of the body. 

cr;rpf;F NeH vjpH   -   tpz; Nfhsj;jpy; cr;rpf;F NeH vjpH fPNo cs;s Gs;sp.  

Nadir                                 -       A point on the celestial sphere directly below the observer, diametrically opposite the zenith. 

cL tpz;kPd; my;yJ ehz;kPd;> el;rj;jpuk; (tl nkhop)  - thdpy; njupAk; Ra xsp gilj;j el;rj;jpuq;fs;.

Stars                  -         An object in the sky that sends out its own , generated by  in its center. There are many billions of stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way.

cLkz;lyk;  -    tpyq;Ffs; NtW cUtq;fs; Nghy; fhl;rp jUkhW tpjpf;fl;bd;wp njhLf;fg;gl;l tpz;kPd; $l;lk;>

Constellation     -          An arbitrary formation of stars perceived as a figure or design, especially one of 88 recognized groups named after characters from classical mythology and various common animals and objects.

czHTf; fhl;rp -    GyDzHTg; nghUs;> Gydpay; fhl;rp> cstpay; - nray;Jiw ,y;yhj gl;lwpT.

Perception            -          Insight, intuition or knowledge gained by  perceiving.     

vLNfhs; -   Mjhuw;w mDkhdk; my;yJ fw;gid. Nkyhuha;Tf;F mbg;gilahfj; jw;fhypfkhf vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLk; fUj;J.  ,J Ma;tpd; %yk; epWtg;gLk; my;yJ Gwf;fzpf;fg;gLk;>                        

Hypothesis - A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation.

Vuzk;     -   msit. fhuz fhupaq;fNshL Ma;T Kbit vl;LtJ.

Logic - The study of the properties of propositions and deductive reasoning by abstraction and analysis of the form rather than the content of propositions under consideration. 

vjpHT $wy;  -   elf;fg; Nghtij Kd;$l;bNa nrhy;yy;.            

Prediction           -       Something foretold or predicted. A prophecy.

xspahz;L   -   Xuhz;L xsp ntw;wplj;jpy; flf;Fk; njhiyT.

thdpay; njhiytpd; myF. xspapd; Ntfk; tpdhbf;F 300>000 fpkP MFk;. vdNt xU Mz;by; mJ 9>500>000>000>000 fpkP nry;fpwJ.

Light Year - A light-year is a unit of distance. It is the distance that light can travel in one year. Light moves at a velocity of about 300,000 (km) each second, therefore, one light-year is equal to 9,500,000,000,000 km.

Xiu tl;lk;  - ,uhrpr;; rf;fuk; (tl nkhop) QhapW> epyh> Nfhs;fs; nry;Ykhg; Nghy; Njhd;Wk; fw;gidg; gl;il. Nrhjplத்jpy; ,J xt;nthd;Wk; 30 ghif nfhz;l 12 ghfq;fshfg; gpupf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

Zodiac             -  In Astrology  this band divided into 12 equal parts called signs, each 30° wide, bearing the name of a constellation for which it was originally named but with which it no longer coincides owing to the precession of the equinoxes. 

flff;NfhL    -   Gtp eLf;Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J 23°27′ ghif tlf;NfAs;s tl;lk;.

Tropic of Cancer - The parallel of latitude 23°27′ north of the equator. The northern boundary of the Torrid Zone and the most northerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.

flh  - gd;dpU ,uhrpfspy; Kjy; ,uhrpahd Nklk;. Aeries  

fUJNfhs;    -   fUj;Jg;gbtk;> nghJf;fUj;J.

Concept              -       A general idea derived or inferred from specific instances or occurrences.

FWf;Ff;NfhL  -   ml;rNuif (tl nkhop) epyeLf;Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J tlf;F njw;F jpirfisf; FWf;Nf ntl;b mjd; njhiyit ghifapy; Fwpf;Fk; fw;gidf; NfhLfs;.

Latitude              -       The angular distance north or south of the earth's equator, measured in degrees along a meridian, as on a map or globe.                           

Nfhs;        -   Qhapiw tyk; tUk; tpz; clyp. (fpufk; - tl nkhop) QhapW Nghd;w tpz;kPdplk; ,Ue;J xspiag; ngWfpwJ.

Planet                 -       A non-luminous celestial body larger than an asteroid or comet, illuminated by light from a star, such as the sun, around which it revolves.  

Nfhsk;      -   ge;J Nghd;w tpz; clyp

Sphere               -      A celestial body, such as a planet or star.

Nfhl;ghL     -   GidT> GidfUj;J> gy jdpr; nra;jpfis  ,izj;Jfhl;b mtw;wpd; xUik tpsf;fk;. eilKiw rhuhf; Nfhl;ghl;Lj; jpl;lk;. (jj;Jtk; - tl nkhop)

Theory               -        A set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena, especially one that has been repeatedly tested or is widely accepted and can be used to make predictions about natural phenomena.

Nfhs;tPjp        -   Nfhs;fs; <Hg;G tpir fhuzkhf Qhapiwr; Rw;wptUk; ghij.

Orbit                         -       the path followed by an object revolving around another object, under the influence of gravitation.

QhapW kiwg;G   -  QhapWf;Fk; ghHitahsUf;Fk; my;yJ                  ghHthiahsUf;Fk; thDlypf;Fk;  ,ilapy; xU  thDlypia ,d;ndhU thDlyp KOjhfNth ghjpahfNth kiwf;Fk; epfo;T.

Eclipse                     -           An obstruction of one of the heavenly bodies by the interposition of another either between it and the spectator or between it and the sun. In other words to hide a luminous body wholly or in part.

Qhyk;          ehk; thOk; Gtp - Qhapwpy; ,Ue;J %d;whtJ ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

Earth                         -  The planet on which we live — the third planet from the sun.

QhapW FLk;gk;   -   QhapWk; mjidr; Rw;wptUk; xd;gJ Nfhs;fSk;

Solar System              -     The sun together with the nine planets and all other celestial bodies that orbit the sun.

QhapW tPjp      -   Gtpapy; ,Ue;J ghHf;Fk; NghJ tpz;zpy; QhapW nry;tjhfj; Njhd;Wk; Rw;Wtl;lg; ghij.

Ecliptic                      -     A great circle inscribed on a terrestrial globe inclined at an approximate angle of 23°27′ to the equator and representing the apparent motion of the sun in relation to the earth during a year.

QhapW ika mz;lk; Qhapiw ikakhff; nfhz;l ,aYyfk;.

Heliocentric   Universe     - Copernican system that placed the sun motionless at the center of the solar system with all the planets, including the earth, revolving around it.     

rk jsk;          -  tistpd;wp Neuhf ,Uf;Fk; Nkw; gug;G.

Plane                             -   a flat or level surface containing all the straight lines that connect any two points on it.  

rkgfypuTfs;       - thdj;jpy; QhapW nry;tjhfj; Njhd;Wk; tl;lg; ghij tpz;zf eLf;Nfhl;il ntl;Lk; Gs;sp. xt;nthU Mz;Lk; ,UKiw khHr;R 21 (,sNtdpy; rkgfypuT) nrg;njk;gH 23 (,iyAjpH rkgfypuT) ,J  ,lk;ngWfpwJ. 

Equinox                     -   The bigger circle of the ecliptic intersects the bigger circle of the celestial equator. Each year this happens twice, i.e. on the 21st March & 23rd September when the durations of day & night are equal. On the 21st March it is called vernal equinox, whereas 23rd September autumnal equinox.  

rhHGf; Nfhl;ghL  -   ntsp kw;Wk; fhyk; epr;rakhd fUj;JUtk; vd;gij tpl mit xg;gPlL fUj;JUtk; vd;w Nfhl;ghL.

Theory of Relativity -       the theory that space and time are   relative concepts rather than absolute concepts.

rpWtl;lk;       -  xU ,zf;f tl;lj;jpd; gupjpg; Gs;spfis ikakhff;   nfhz;L ,aq;Fk; xU tl;lk.;

Epicycle                    -    A circle whose circumference rolls along the circumference of a fixed circle, thereby generating an epicycloid or a hypocycloid. 

Ropak;         -  Rd;dk;> G+r;rpak; (tlnkhop) irgH (Mq;fpyk;)

Zero                         -      The identity element for addition.

jpq;fs; ehs;     -  jpjp - 0.983 ehs;

jpzpT         -  xU Fwpg;gpl;l tbtk; mw;w  nghUspYs;s rlg; nghUspd; msT.

Mass - A unified body of matter with no specific shape: a mass of clay.

njd; JUt tl;lk; - Gtp eLf;Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J  66 33 ghif njw;fpy; cs;s fw;gid tl;lk;.

Antarctic Circle     - The parallel of latitude approximately 66°33′ south.           

neLf;NfhL     . Gtpia my;yJ thd; Nfhs; tl;lj;ij fpof;F Nkw;fhf ,uz;L ruprkkhd ghfq;fshfg; gpupj;J mtw;wpd;  njhiyit QhapW Rw;Wg; ghijapy; ,sNtdpy; rkgfypuT     Gs;spapy; ,Ue;J  ghifapy; fhl;Lk; NfhLfs;. 

Longitude            -    Distance of place, east or west of a given meridian distance in degrees from the vernal equinox on the ecliptic.

epYeLf;NfhL   -  Gtpia kw;Wk; tpz;Nfhis tl njd; Kidfspy; ,pUe;J rkkhf fpof;F Nkw;fhfg; gpupf;Fk; fw;gidf; NfhL. ,J 0 ghifahFk;..

Equator                 -     A great circle, drawn east to west, divides the celestial sphere into two equal parts which are known as Northern & Southern Hemisphere. The sun remains in northern hemisphere form 21st March to 23rd Sept. while from 24th September  to 20th March in southern hemisphere. Great circle in sky in plane perpendicular to earth axis. 

epiw       -  xU nghUspd; Gtp <Hg;G tpir.

Weight              -    The force with which a body is attracted to Earth or another celestial body, equal to the product of the object's mass and the acceleration of gravity.

epyh        -     jpq;fs;> kjp> re;jpud; (tlnkhop) Moon.  

ePs;tl;lg;ghij    -  thdj;jpy; QhapW nry;Ykhg; Nghy; Njhd;Wk; 23°27 Nfhzj;jpy; rupe;jpUf;Fk; tl;lg;ghij. fjpH  tPjp.

Ecliptic                   -   A great circle inscribed on a terrestrial globe inclined at an approximate angle of 23°27′ to the equator and representing the apparent motion of the sun in relation to the earth during a year.

ePs;tl;lk;    -   Kl;il tbthd tl;lk;.

Elliptic              -       relating to, or having the shape of an ellipse.  

     Ez;Nfhs;fs;  ,it  ngUk;ghYk; nrt;tha;f;Fk; tpahoDf;Fk; ,ilapy; fhzg;gLgit.  

Asteroids            -  Any of numerous small celestial bodies that revolve around the sun, with orbits lying chiefly between Mars and Jupiter and characteristic diameters between a few and several hundred kilometers.

Ez;khz; EioGyk;   -   gy Ehy;fisf; fw;gjhy; tUk; El;gkhd mwpT 

neLf;NfhL         -  epiuNfhL> jPHf;fNuif (tl nkhop) QhapW Rw;Wg;       ghijapy; Fwpg;gpl;l thd;Nfhs; tl;lj;ij fpof;F my;yJ Nkw;fhfg; gpupj;J mtw;wpd; njhiyit  ghifapy; fhl;Lk; NfhLfs;. tl-njd; JUtj;ij Nky;;     fPohf ClWf;Fk; fw;gidf; NfhLfs;. Longitude. 

nehb        -  tpehb>  Second   

ghy;kz;lyk;  - cLkz;lyk;  

Galaxy               -    Any of numerous large-scale aggregates of stars, gas, and dust that constitute the universe, containing an average of 100 billion.                            

ghif       - xU tl;lj;jpd; 1/360 gq;F> fiy> xU tpw;fiy>  xU ntg;g epiy msT.  

gpd;Ndfy;   -   vjpH ,af;fk;> tf;fupg;G (tl nkhop)

Retrograde Motion - in astronomy, real or apparent movement of a planet, moon, asteroid, or comet from east to west relative to the fixed stars. 

Gtp ika mz;lk;    -  Gtpia eLthff; nfhz;l ,aYyfk;. .

Geocentric  Universe    -    Having the earth as the center.           

ngaHr;rp    - xU Nfhs; xU ,uhrpapy; ,Ue;J ,d;ndhU ,uhrpf;Fg;
                     ngaHjy;. 

Transit - The passage of a celestial body across the     observer's meridian. The passage of a smaller celestial body or its shadow across the disk of a larger celestial body.

nghJNkdp   -   ruhrup (tl nkhop) Average

kfuf;NfhL  -  Gtp eLf;Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J 23°27′ ghif njw;NfAs;s tl;lk;.

Tropic of Capricorn - The parallel of latitude 23°27′ south of the equator, the southern boundary of the Torrid Zone, and the most northerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.

kzpj;Jsp    -    epkplk;> fiy (tl nkhop)  

tlJUt tl;lk;  - Gtp eLf;Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J  66 33 ghif tlf;fpy; cs;s fw;gid tl;lk;.

Arctic Circle           - The parallel of latitude approximately 66°33′ north.

tlkPd;    -    JUt el;rj;jpuk;.

Pole star (Polaris)      -  The brightest star in Ursa Minor; at the end of the handle of the little dipper; the northern axis of the earth points toward it

thdyF     -   QhapW - Gtp ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapyhd nghJNkdpj; Jhuk;. ,J 149>597>870 fpkP MFk;..

Astronomical Unit (AU)  -    A unit of length used in measuring astronomical distances within the solar system equal to the mean distance from Earth to the Sun. Approximately 150 million kilometers (93 million miles).

thd;Nfhs; tl;lk;   - cr;rpg; nghOjpy; cr;r ePrq;fisAk; thd;Nfhs;        JUtq;fisAk; CLUtpr; nrd;wpizf;Fk; fw;gidf; NfhL. mbthdj;ijg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ cr;rpNtisapy;   Gtpapd; tl-njd; JUtq;fis ,izf;Fk; fw;gidf; NfhL.

Meridian                    - Pertaining to the mid-day an imaginary circle passing through the poles of the heavens and the zenith of the spectator which the sun crosses at mid-day.

tpz; Nfhsk;      -  thdpYs;s tpz;kPd;fs; ahTk; xU fw;gidf; Nfhsj;jpd; cl;gFjpay; xl;bf; nfhz;bUf;Fkhg; Nghy; Njhd;Wk; vy;iyapy;yh fw;gidf; Nfhsk;.

Celestial Sphere        -   An imaginary sphere of infinite extent with the earth at its center on which the stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies appear to be located.

tpz;fw;fs;        -  tpz;zpy; Xbf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; rpW fw;ghifs;.

Meteoroids                -      A solid body, moving in space that is smaller than an asteroid and at least as large as a speck of dust.

tpz;zf clypfs;    -  thdpy; fhZk; tpz;kPd;fs;> Nfhs;fs;> ghy;kz;lyk; Kjypait. Heavenly bodies.    

tpz;zf JUtk;      - tpz;zf JUtk;. Gtpf;F JUtq;fs; ,Ug;gJ Nghy;       tpz;ZyFf;Fk; JUtq;fs; ,Ug;gjhff; fw;gid nra;Ak; JUtq;fs;. ,t;thNw tpz;Zyfpy; eLf;NfhL> epiuNfhL> FWf;Ff;NfhL ,Ug;gjhff; fw;gid  nra;ag;gLfpwJ.

Celestial Pole             -   As the Earth rotates west to east, the stars appear to circle the celestial pole. east to west above the Earth's equator halfway between the north and south . 

tpz;ntsp        - QhapW FLk;gk;> tpz;kPd;fs; kw;Wk; ghy; kz;lyq;fs; ,Uf;Fk; ngU ntl;lntsp.

Space                         -  The expanse in which the solar system stars, and galaxies exist; the universe.